Military Review

The hot summer of the European Union

29
The hot summer of the European UnionThe summer of 2016 for the European Union turned out to be extremely hot. The integration project of Europe cracked at all the seams. The British referendum on withdrawal from the EU, strikes and protests in France, demonstrations and pickets in Germany, serious friction between the Polish authorities and officials of the European Commission, the frequent claims of countries and political groups are widely heard. Finally, since July, Slovakia will take over the EU presidency for half a year, and its plans for a period of new powers have greatly disturbed the heads of the European Commission.


Slovakia rebelled European officials

The presidency of the European Union is arranged according to the principle of six-month rotation, carried out according to a previously agreed list. This organizational bullet Europeans in the year 2000 painted 20 years. Now the functions of the EU Chairman are performed by the Netherlands, from July, as already noted, their place will be taken by Slovakia, which will be replaced by Malta from the new year.

All this is reminiscent of the programmed scheme of rigid continuity and does not imply any revolutions. However, the chair country forms its agenda for the union and has the right to take decisions common to all countries.

They do not always coincide with the realities of life. For example, Prime Minister of the Netherlands Mark Rutte set himself the task of coordinating efforts to overcome the general migration crisis. In fact, the country chairing its referendum on the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union essentially proposed to the Europeans a new agenda for action and an adjustment of the policy in relations with Kiev.

There are examples and targeted impact on their European partners. Thus, in past years, the chairmanship in the union of Lithuania and Latvia led to a new round of Russophobia in Europe and even affected the policies of the founding countries of the EU, which had serious economic interests in Russia.

Today, Slovakia, as well as the Netherlands, outlined among the priorities attention to the migration crisis, but gave it its own vision. On this, the Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico made a number of policy statements that shocked the authorities of the European Union.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker even made a special visit to Bratislava to clarify how public statements in the media correspond to the vision of the problem of migration by Fico himself. The details of this meeting are not made public. So, the Slovak prime minister confirmed his plans. They, to put it mildly, do not coincide with the multicultural policy of the EU.

Robert Fico called the admission of migrants in Europe "ritual suicide", opposed the mandatory quotas for the distribution of refugees between EU member states and the creation of a closed Muslim community in his country. In an interview with Fico published by the Bratislava newspaper SME, there is a statement that aroused European officials: “There is no place for Islam in Slovakia”.

With this go the authorities of Bratislava on their European watch. Of course, Brussels will try to arrest the threats of Slovaks in the current EU practice. But the full success of this European Commission should not count. Still, the chairmanship in the union gives the country a chance to identify its fundamental interests and defend them. Which, in fact, was confirmed by Premier Fico with his statements.

The capabilities of the chairing country are understood not only in the Brussels offices. On Tuesday, a telephone conversation took place between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico. Here is what the press secretary of the head of state, Dmitry Peskov, said about this (according to RIA News): “The President and the Prime Minister discussed issues of bilateral relations, primarily in the economic sphere, including in the context of the upcoming Slovakia’s EU Presidency.”

Europeans began to annoy contrasts within the Union

The demarche of the Slovak premiere did not come from scratch. Contradictions within the European Union became aggravated at the moment of its vigorous expansion, when countries with a lower level of economic development entered the organization. The prolonged crisis only added contrast. Now it is fixed as a given and politicians, and the townsfolk.

In May, a European Union conference was held at the Shigi Hotel in Rome, where the current state and prospects of the current European association were discussed. In their speeches, EU leaders noted the different views of member states on the path of community development, dependency and even the national egoism of political elites.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said this: “We have Europeans on a full working day when we need to take, and we have on a part-time working day when we need to give.” President of the European Parliament Martin Schulz was more categorical. He practically reprimanded those politicians who like to publicly declare: “I must defend the interests of my country here.” Schulz called this behavior unacceptable and added: "Often we are talking about those countries that receive significant financial assistance from the EU for integration into the union."

The sad outcome of the controversy was summed up by European Council President Donald Tusk: "The idea of ​​the possibility of the emergence of a single European state turned out to be an illusion." Willingly or unwittingly, but Tusk took the position of euro-skeptics who, after the 2014 elections, made up almost a quarter of the European Parliament.

There is nothing surprising. Skeptical mood overwhelmed many Europeans. Recently, the American Sociological Institute Pew Research Center conducted a survey in ten EU countries about the attitude of the population towards the unification of their states into a single union. The results of the study showed that the number of euro skeptics has increased significantly over the past year.

For example, in Germany, only half of the respondents now positively assess the EU. Previously, he was trusted by almost 60% Germans. In the UK, the EU has a negative attitude to 48% of residents (data from the institute published June 8). In France, the level of confidence in the EU for the year fell by 17 percentage points - up to 38 percent. Most eurosceptics appeared in Greece, tired of the economic crisis. Here, the European Union is supported only by 27% of respondents.

A sharp disagreement with European economic policy was expressed by 65 percent of Spaniards, 66% of French, 68% of Italians and 92% of Greeks. Even higher is the share of those who do not approve of the activities of the European Union in the settlement of the migration crisis. All these disappointments spilled out into numerous protest actions, real actions to leave the European Union, like a referendum in the UK. The crisis of trust is gaining momentum.

Not just a global project ...


Most likely, the European Union will survive this hot summer and preserve the integration vector in its development. The UK will remain in the community, as has been preserved in the United Kingdom after its referendum Scotland. They waited for her. All public opinion polls pointed to this.

However, the British authorities provided the “right” vote. To participate in the Scottish referendum attracted having a residence permit guest workers, and the result was such that the queen, according to Prime Minister David Cameron, even "began to purr with joy." Find a way to "correct" democratic vote and the upcoming referendum. It is clear that big business, transnational companies and international financiers are interested in the UK retaining membership in the European Union.

It seems that ordinary people should feel the benefits of the integration of their states. The unification of countries opens up not only business prospects, but also expands the living space of all Europeans. This is familiar to us. The memory still keeps the old opportunities that the Soviet people received in the space of almost the whole Eurasia.

In the new century, this can be traced in the biographies of many successful Russians. Here is Vagit Alekperov. A graduate of the Azerbaijan Institute of Oil and Chemistry has found himself in the Tyumen North and has risen to the head of the largest private oil company in Russia. Known for all his notable political activity was a native of Kazakhstan's Alma-Ata, the leader of the LDPR, Vladimir Zhirinovsky. As an outstanding philanthropist and one of the country's largest businessmen, they know in Russia billionaire Alisher Usmanov from the Namangan region of Uzbekistan. Mikhail Fridman, a native of Lviv, co-owner and chairman of the supervisory board of the Alfa Group consortium, gained international fame.

Such examples can be continued for a long time. Recall at least leaving an indelible light in stories of our country, Anatoly Chubais, who was presented to Russia by Belarusian land. Different people, different destinies. And common to all - the opportunities for self-realization, which gave them the largest public education of the last century.

This is worth remembering. And also that successful modern integration of states is formed only on the basis of an approximately equal in level economy, close culture and mentality. It seems that it is these factors that the European officials lose sight of, which creates problems for people and causes their discontent, which grew into the hot summer of 2016 of the year ...
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  1. Aleksander
    Aleksander 17 June 2016 06: 07
    +6
    And Switzerland withdrew the application for EU membership ...
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 17 June 2016 06: 53
      +4
      Only she withdrew the application to the EEC, which for almost 20 years has not existed laughing ... And everything was decided with the EU at a referendum in 2000. So it was just a technical adjustment of its foreign policy instruments, a correction of the old and forgotten "jamb."
  2. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 17 June 2016 06: 14
    +2
    Yes guys. Only war removes all contradictions and rallies.
  3. olimpiada15
    olimpiada15 17 June 2016 06: 15
    +3
    The author speaks about the "opportunity for self-realization" ... of individuals, but forgets about the majority.
    The former receive unlimited opportunities from expanding their economic space, but most suffer.
    There are demonstrations in the EU due to the violation of the rights of the majority for the sake of the unlimited possibilities of individual citizens.
    I finished off the example with Chubais. He has unlimited opportunities and "a lot of money", while the majority of citizens have very limited opportunities, incl. financial.
  4. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 17 June 2016 06: 16
    +3
    The faster the geyser union crumbles, the more, faster and better fat will be poured over the collar of the world gendarme ... and for us, this is only a plus ...
  5. bocsman
    bocsman 17 June 2016 06: 33
    +9
    In the new century, this can be seen in the biographies of many successful Russians.

    The author or a naive person or does not understand What is modern Europe. What does he think that no matter where in Paris or in Barcelona, ​​Berlin they will let them become an oligarch or a well-known politician, a native of another country, even a member of the European Union!? Everything is occupied there and scheduled for many years in advance and a stranger will not be allowed to go further than the toilet or gas station! There is certainly some movement in the higher business community (in the private) but not in politics. What would a politician from Poland come to become a deputy in France ?! Bullshit! Aliens will not be allowed to the feeder. So to compare the USSR with the European Union is absolutely wrong! The wrong people and the wrong system.
    1. sa-ag
      sa-ag 17 June 2016 07: 33
      0
      Quote: bocsman
      in Paris or in Barcelona, ​​Berlin will be allowed to become an oligarch or a famous politician from another country

      Nicolas Sarkozy
  6. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 17 June 2016 06: 47
    +2
    Contradictions within the European Union escalated at the time of its vigorous expansion, when countries with a lower level of economic development entered the organization

    Well, here the Europeans have no one to blame but themselves. What they blinded, they fell in love. It is characteristic that the loudest yelling, indignation and Russophobia are just those countries that the EU practically supports financially. In Russia they said: "The bug is small, but it stinks."
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 17 June 2016 07: 45
      +8
      Quote: rotmistr60
      It is characteristic that the countries that the EU practically supports financially are the most screaming, indignant and Russophobic

      They are desperately afraid that the EU will fall apart, and everything is moving towards this. And where then to go to the same Baltic? Spit on the USSR, did not appreciate what the country gave them - get it. and if Spain, Hungary ..... and they can restore their economy, then this trifle pot-bellied to the bottom will go faster than a pebble. The collapse of the USSR will cost dearly throughout Europe.
      1. rotmistr60
        rotmistr60 17 June 2016 09: 02
        +4
        And where then to go to the same Baltic?

        But you are right. The possible collapse of the EU for the Baltic states will be much worse than the mythical Russian threat and, speaking in Russian - a sickle in one place. Who then will feed them for ardent Russophobia, because they are not capable of anything else. In this situation, the old Europe will not give a damn about some Balts, because everyone is for himself. And in this case (assumption), the Balts will urgently wake up respect for our country and a desire for economic cooperation.
    2. Dry_T-50
      Dry_T-50 17 June 2016 13: 32
      0
      Quote: rotmistr60
      It is characteristic that the countries that the EU practically supports financially are the most screaming, indignant and Russophobic

      Not always. And countries from the former socialist camp, except Hungary, Serbia and the Czech Republic and, possibly, Finland, yes, they stink all over the world
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 17 June 2016 07: 37
    +3
    To recall at least Anatoly Chubais who left indelible light in the history of our country, which was given to Russia by the Belarusian land...And where to put this "gift" ... And it is not possible to throw it away, and it cannot be broken ...
    1. sharp-lad
      sharp-lad 17 June 2016 22: 24
      0
      Send the farthest, darkest and most forgotten corner of the cabinet to the link!
  8. Egoza
    Egoza 17 June 2016 07: 54
    0
    “There is no place for Islam in Slovakia.”

    Once upon a time in the former Yugoslavia, namely in Slovakia, on some roads there was a sign "No entry for the Germans" Yes, yes, it was already the 60s. but the local residents never forgave the Nazis. And it didn't matter to them - the GDR - the FRG, just with tourists - the Germans all sorts of "troubles" happened. And even loners disappeared altogether. Even Tito could not do anything about it. And now I don’t even presume what they will do to the "refugees" if they send the same frostbitten ones as in Germany.
    1. rotmistr60
      rotmistr60 17 June 2016 11: 29
      +2
      Sorry, but you are a little confused with Slovenia and Slovakia. Slovakia is near the Czech Republic, but Slovenia was part of the former Yugoslavia.
  9. gla172
    gla172 17 June 2016 08: 36
    0
    https://cont.ws/post/296030
  10. Partisan Kramaha
    Partisan Kramaha 17 June 2016 08: 48
    +2
    Quote: Egoza
    “There is no place for Islam in Slovakia.”

    Once upon a time in the former Yugoslavia, namely in Slovakia, on some roads there was a sign "No entry for the Germans" Yes, yes, it was already the 60s. but the local residents never forgave the Nazis. And it didn't matter to them - the GDR - the FRG, just with tourists - the Germans all sorts of "troubles" happened. And even loners disappeared altogether. Even Tito could not do anything about it. And now I don’t even presume what they will do to the "refugees" if they send the same frostbitten ones as in Germany.

    Egoza, Slovakia was part of Czechoslovakia, Slovenia was part of Yugoslavia
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 17 June 2016 09: 20
      +1
      [quote = Partizan Kramaha] Egoza, Slovakia was part of Czechoslovakia, Slovenia was part of Yugoslavia [/ quote
      Oops! Really! repeat But I think that Slovenia will also support Slovakia in this case.
      1. Kenneth
        Kenneth 17 June 2016 12: 18
        0
        To make it easier for you to combine them
  11. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn 17 June 2016 09: 36
    +2
    .. "To recall at least Anatoly Chubais, who left an indelible light in the history of our country, who was presented to Russia by the Belarusian land." ..
    Belarusians, how could you put such a whack? laughing Well, I did not expect from you, did not expect. laughing
    1. Kenneth
      Kenneth 17 June 2016 12: 17
      0
      And he studied economics in St. Petersburg.
  12. Kenneth
    Kenneth 17 June 2016 12: 16
    0
    I wonder what the principle of contradictions is. Naturally, a crowd of very different countries cannot be united in everything. Even the British side is not a very serious topic. And where necessary, they have enough unity. We are now renewed sanctions regularly.
  13. ser-pov
    ser-pov 17 June 2016 13: 25
    0
    Quote: Kenneth
    . We are now renewed sanctions regularly.

    Yes, and the flag in their hands ... Maybe even our farmer will earn his penny ...
    1. Kenneth
      Kenneth 17 June 2016 21: 26
      0
      Of course it will work. Raises the price and removes from you. But these sanctions against Russia were introduced by its government. And the EU introduced other sanctions.
  14. dummy
    dummy 17 June 2016 13: 49
    +2
    Now it’s clear why Belarus is so good. It’s just that she managed to give Russia everything that she herself threatened!
    1. Kenneth
      Kenneth 17 June 2016 21: 58
      0
      And get from Russia heaps of unsold dough.
  15. Ruzina Natalia
    Ruzina Natalia 17 June 2016 16: 11
    0
    And it seems to me that everything is so well spelled out legally in the EU that it will take a long time to wait for the collapse. Not much can be done in half a year, the decision is made by all and only all countries, leaving the EU is almost impossible. Well, if you dig around, what little things - from the podium, declare your "NO". Only revolutions (of which everyone is afraid) can change the state of reality. Sometimes they are called wars and almost always occur according to heavenly scenarios (it is not known how they will end). An example is the Yeltsin Revolution, the French Revolution, the War of the Scarlet and White Roses, etc. Well, it will seethe, boil in the West and there will be something that only oracles can know.
  16. SlavaP
    SlavaP 18 June 2016 17: 45
    0
    I do not know. So far, for today, in Britain we have 49% in favor of leaving the EU versus 42% for staying. And this is according to the State Air Force, which definitely stands for the EU.
  17. D. Dan
    D. Dan 19 June 2016 00: 39
    0
    After saying about the redhead privatizer, he spat in his hearts.
    As for the Englishwoman, everything will be well, no one will go out anywhere ... but it's a pity ...