Military Review

Missile Weapons Expert: 5 generation Russian ICBM cope with the latest missile defense systems (The Paper, China)

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Missile Weapons Expert: 5 generation Russian ICBM cope with the latest missile defense systems (The Paper, China)



Sarmat is the fifth generation Russian missile system. He is now in the process of assembling, the first tests are scheduled for the third quarter of 2016 of the year. In terms of its capabilities, the installation surpasses all existing missile defense systems in the world. Accommodation weapons will be held in 2018-2020. The complex will become the core of the Russian arsenal of strategic nuclear weapons and will replace the SS-18 "Voevoda" system, which was adopted in the 20th century.

What is "Sarmat"? What is its uniqueness? We asked Chu Fuhai, a specialist of the Command Military Institute of the Rocket Forces, to explain everything in detail.

The Paper: Tell me in a nutshell, what type of armaments does Sarmat belong to?

Chu Fuhai:
This is the latest generation missile system, with a new, the world's largest heavy two-stage liquid intercontinental ballistic missile with a nuclear warhead.



Sarmat is the latest fifth generation intercontinental missile system developed by the Russian Federation. Its official name is PC-28. The projectile flight path is a predictable arc; a new inertial control and guidance system is used with a double correction of the trajectory: on navigation stars and artificial satellites of the Earth, which guarantees the accuracy of impact. The maximum range is 16 thousands of kilometers, that is, the rocket flies over the North Pole or even the South Pole and reaches any targets on the globe. This is the "king-rocket" in the class of guided missiles.



Sarmat uses a mine based system. The launch mass of the rocket is more than 100 tons, the weight of the head part is about 10 tons. The rocket is equipped with a new liquid engine created by the scientific and production association "Energomash". The complex produces a mortar launch, a powder pressure accumulator throws a rocket from the mine to a height of 20-30 meters, then the rocket engine automatically turns on.

I will add that Sarmat is the most powerful nuclear missile in the world at the moment. Its length is 35 meters, it can carry 10-15 separating maneuvering warheads, the circular permissible deviation of impact is 150-200 meters, the destructive force exceeds the CC-18 “Voivod” complex, and after deployment “Sarmat” will become the largest IRA in the world.

- It is believed that "Sarmat" bypasses the best missile defense system, what do you think about this?


- “Sarmat” is designed to overcome the most modern air defense and missile defense systems. After choosing the optimal path, the rocket passes the South Pole along one of the predetermined routes. The charge is divided into several parts, the 10-15 elements of the warhead are separated from the rocket body and continue to move along independent trajectories. At the same time, you can attack from different directions to complicate the task of defending the enemy.

Two modifications for global coverage

- As far as we know, there are two versions of the rocket, differing in range. What does such a weapon design mean?

- Russia calls Sarmat a strategic dual-use missile. Depending on where the strike is directed, at the United States or Western Europe, this or that constructive solution is applied, that is, it is a symmetrical response to the threat to the global missile defense system of the United States. The initial weight of the rocket with the target in the USA is 150-200 tons, the flight range is 16 thousand km, the payload is 10 tons. The reach of the projectile aimed at Western European countries is 9 thousand km., The launch weight is 100-120 tons, the maximum throw-weight is 5 tons. The rocket range is 10 thousands of kilometers, and if a volley is fired from the initial deployment, targets in London, cities of mainland Europe, and part of the United States can be attacked.

- It is considered that a solid rocket engine is better than a liquid rocket engine. Why did the Russians re-conduct research?

- Russia managed to gain experience in the use of advanced technologies in the creation of such missiles. Even during the active development of solid-propellant strategic projectiles of a new type, they cannot so easily forget about the traditional technical advantages of liquid fuels.
The main feature of a liquid rocket is a relatively high reliability and destructive power. Russian concepts of warfare with the use of nuclear weapons suggest that the response rate of a ground-based liquid missile is higher. Their main role is the first strike, that is, the preemptive strike and counterattack after the pre-warning system has been triggered. Solid-based strategic shells of the ground-based more tenacious and with mobile force deployment. Their task is the second, retaliatory strike. Thus, it is optimal if projectiles with both solid and liquid fuel are involved in combat operations with nuclear armaments, with the primacy of the former. After the SS-18 and SS-19 liquid missiles are removed from service, Russia will only have the Topol-M mine-based complex, and it will be difficult to launch a preemptive strike. The new liquid strategic missiles will replenish the arsenal of silo-based weapons and make it possible to combine two types of weapons.

Colonel-General Viktor Yesin, the ex-chief of the General Staff of the Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN), explained that the Russian Federation will definitely continue to study and deploy new types of weapons on liquid fuel in order to counter the US missile defense system. Indicators of specific thrust and power supply of such missiles are more, they are better suited for a counterattack and increase the effectiveness of defense.

State protection is top priority

- Where will the "Sarmat", the most powerful of the rocket launchers of Russia? What role will it play in the nuclear arsenal of the Russian Federation after deployment?


- According to the Russian media, from the end of 2018, the mass deployment of the complexes will begin. It is assumed that all of them will be deployed in the central part of Siberia, in the city of Uzhur, and in the Orenburg region, near the village of Dombrovsky. By 2020, after the completion of the planned deployment, the Sarmat RK with nuclear warheads will make up more than half of the total number of all land-based nuclear installations or a third of all strategic nuclear weapons of the Russian Federation.

- At the end of last year, Russian President Putin signed the 2020 National Security Strategy, in which the United States was first named one of the threats. It is believed that "Sarmat" is needed in order to provide the basic strategic opportunity of the Russian Federation to the blow of retribution. What do you think of it?


- Russia is developing Sarmat in order to preserve the strategic Russian-American parity and guarantee its own security. The missiles that are currently in service, SS-25, SS-18, SS-19, have already exceeded their service life, they are gradually becoming obsolete. Due to the lack of funding, the replacement rate of the RS-24 “Yars” ballistic missile is lagging behind the write-off rate. Therefore, with limited funds, Russia should fully utilize the CC-18 infrastructure, launching pits and command posts, as well as accelerate the development of a restraining arsenal of heavy ICBMs. That is, "Sarmat" is the main guarantee for the security of the Russian Federation.

Author:
Originator:
http://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_1482060%20
58 comments
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  1. avvg
    avvg 17 June 2016 12: 08
    +12
    In one word, Chinese expert Chu Fuhai said that Americans should not spend money on missile defense in Europe!
    1. Fregate
      Fregate 17 June 2016 12: 21
      +10
      Well, if in vain, then let them spend more.
    2. poquello
      poquello 17 June 2016 12: 24
      +2
      Quote: avvg
      In one word, Chinese expert Chu Fuhai said that Americans should not spend money on missile defense in Europe!

      Amer doesn’t care what Fuhai said, the concept of Europro in intercepting our missiles at the start or so - accordingly, the more points and routes our missiles have, the more difficult it is for our enemies
    3. Rus2012
      Rus2012 17 June 2016 12: 57
      +9
      Quote: avvg
      Americans wasting money

      ... it's all me.
      But it will be more serious -
      To fight IS in the USA, they seriously offer Kerry about Assad’s fate: Patience in the USA ends
      State Department officials urged Obama to start bombing Syria ...
      "Many State Department officials protested against US policy in Syria and signed a departmental document calling for targeted military strikes against the government in Damascus. Diplomats believe regime change is the only way to defeat ISIS," the newspaper writes.

      According to The Wall Street Journal, an 51 Department of State official signed the petition.

      и
      America is ready to ensure the creation of a no-fly zone in Syria, but for this it needs to obtain a sanction to eliminate all aircraft that will violate it. This list includes Russian aviation, as well as aircraft of government troops of the ATS.
      As US General David Goldfin said at a hearing at the US Senate Armed Forces Committee, Washington needs to get permission to shoot down Russian planes that fly in the sky of Syria to ensure the introduction of a no-fly zone.


      In fact, this means the ULTIMATUM of the neocons to Obama (and Putin).
      Well and accordingly, all THIS will be synchronized by a ruin strike on LDNR ...

      This summer can probably be the last for ALL of them, so they are ready for anything ...
      1. dzvero
        dzvero 17 June 2016 13: 42
        +8
        If this is true, then two conclusions suggest themselves:
        1. Since 2013, the actions of the Russian Federation have completely broken the plans of the West;
        2. something in the deep processes in the USA has passed the point of no return and the game will now go all in;
        It seems to me that your president is doing everything possible to gain time for Russia; but in my opinion the West does not intend to give it. So something will happen, but the transition of the face is likely to be completely unexpected and no one will bother.
      2. engineer74
        engineer74 17 June 2016 13: 44
        +8
        An ultimatum is one of two things: either a blunt bluff, or
        From Texas to Alaska, life will be like in a fairy tale:
        It’s quiet and warm everywhere, ashes and glass everywhere.

        We, however, will also be slightly better ...
        1. Muvka
          Muvka 17 June 2016 15: 30
          +3
          Quote: engineer74
          An ultimatum is one of two things: either a blunt bluff, or
          From Texas to Alaska, life will be like in a fairy tale:
          It’s quiet and warm everywhere, ashes and glass everywhere.

          We, however, will also be slightly better ...

          It will be normal in Siberia. They are unlikely to be hollow nuclear weapons in the taiga)
          1. engineer74
            engineer74 17 June 2016 15: 42
            +1
            Quote: Muvka

            It will be normal in Siberia. They are unlikely to be hollow nuclear weapons in the taiga)

            Do not expect:
            1. Forest fires (from "point" use of nuclear weapons).
            2. Radioactive releases from destroyed nuclear facilities (not to be confused with infection from an explosion).
            3. Chemical contamination.
            4. Possibly climate change (nuclear winter).
            Would it be enough for "normal"? smile
            1. albanian
              albanian 17 June 2016 18: 35
              +1
              Quote: engineer74
              Quote: Muvka

              It will be normal in Siberia. They are unlikely to be hollow nuclear weapons in the taiga)

              Do not expect:
              1. Forest fires (from "point" use of nuclear weapons).
              2. Radioactive releases from destroyed nuclear facilities (not to be confused with infection from an explosion).
              3. Chemical contamination.
              4. Possibly climate change (nuclear winter).
              Would it be enough for "normal"? smile


              In particular, in Siberia, no nuclear strikes can surpass those fires that we have every year, the same climate changes. And with the radio. and chem. infection, in the first place there are not so many, in the second place you don’t get used to it ...
  2. alexey k
    alexey k 17 June 2016 12: 11
    0
    Chinese knows everything about our nuclear weapons ???? Oh well....
    1. gray smeet
      gray smeet 17 June 2016 12: 18
      +12
      Quote: alexey k
      Chinese knows everything about our nuclear weapons ???? Oh well....

      And what exactly did he tell such a secret - everything that he said is in the press - he uses these data, maybe he is a specialist rocket specialist - it’s even easier for him to connect two words.
  3. DenZ
    DenZ 17 June 2016 12: 11
    +1
    How many details it turns out that the Chinese "know" about our new missile systems. smile Almost believe it.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  4. qwert
    qwert 17 June 2016 12: 15
    +7
    It is generally accepted that a solid propellant rocket engine is better than a liquid propellant. Why did the Russians re-research? This is generally accepted in the United States, and naturally, as usual, they spread their opinions around the world. In fact, everything is exactly the opposite. More precisely, solid propellants were better until they learned how to amplify rockets with LRE. From that moment, solid fuel did not have any advantages.
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 18 June 2016 02: 29
      +1
      Quote: qwert
      From that moment, solid fuel did not have any advantages.
      Our solid propellant P = 24 and P-26 are 2 faster than Automaton AMTs than the Minitemans and accelerate 4 times faster than ICBMs on a rocket engine. This is from an interview with Yu. Solomonov - gene. designer MIT.
      This is what makes them "under-catching" positional GBI European missile defense systems. It remains to drown * dwarfs * Burke with Aegis - and the path to the North American continent is free!
      By the way, it is the TTRD that accelerates the GZO to 5-6M. So, the "advantages" are still the same!
  5. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 17 June 2016 12: 16
    +3
    We will assume that this is our answer to "Chamberlain". By the way, do not criticize the Chinese, they know what they say. Moreover, it is also a psychological calm for them.
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 18 June 2016 02: 41
      +1
      Quote: rotmistr60
      By the way, do not criticize the Chinese, they know what they are saying.

      Well, then ours means their characters are not translated correctly:
      Sarmat is a fifth-generation Russian missile system ... In terms of its capabilities, the installation surpasses all existing in the world missile defense systems.

      Allow me! But SARMAT is an ICBM, not a missile defense system ...
      There is clearly an inaccurate expression of the idea that Sarmat will easily overcome all existing missile defense systems.
      "Lost in translation!" but...
  6. Corsair0304
    Corsair0304 17 June 2016 12: 20
    +9
    Which once again indirectly confirms that missile defense in Europe is an offensive, preemptive strike weapon. Everything is logical here: if they know that our promising ICBM can calmly overcome their missile defense and air defense, then why spend money, time and resources on a system that is obviously vulnerable? Only if this system does not meet the declared defensive characteristics, but is shock.
  7. certero
    certero 17 June 2016 12: 21
    +3
    If the terms of service stated in the article are correct, then this is great news. Which overshadows all the others, since the only thing that keeps Russia from "democratic" bombing is the Strategic Missile Forces. And the main striking force in them remains mine rockets.
  8. kolobok63
    kolobok63 17 June 2016 12: 26
    +2
    East is a delicate matter. I think that the Chinese comrade knows what he is talking about. wassat The mattresses also know about this! And God forbid them to start a global mess! Little will not seem to anyone! hi
    1. iliitchitch
      iliitchitch 17 June 2016 12: 48
      +3
      Quote: kolobok63
      And God forbid them to start a worldwide mess! Little will not seem to anyone!


      As a rule, no one ever "wants" war, it starts by itself. Here, two aircraft carrier troughs "with a retinue" have pinned themselves into the Mediterranean Sea - these are more than a hundred attack aircraft only, and the Kerry's patience is running out ... And what will we do if they start crap about Assad? And a letter "from the employees of the State Department arrived in time" (straight "according to the demands of the workers", what would they), and some member with stars in Congress goes bankrupt about "permission to shoot down Russian planes" ... But they do not want war.
      1. poquello
        poquello 17 June 2016 13: 02
        +1
        Quote: iliitch
        Here, two aircraft carrier troughs "with a retinue" have pinned themselves into the Mediterranean Sea - these are more than a hundred strike aircraft only, and the carry's patience is running out ... And what will we do if they start crap about Assad?

        like that, we’ll shoot down the hrenaker, and we’ll start drowning these two troughs, BUT I don’t think their stupidity and purpose are likely, it’s much more logical to prepare massive ISIS attacks for the SSA attack, etc. It’s interesting to see how they get it
        1. Anglorussian
          Anglorussian 17 June 2016 18: 56
          -2
          like that, we’ll shoot down the hrenaker, and they’ll begin to drown these two troughs
          Proudly giving up tomatoes seems to be a more realistic option.
  9. Moore
    Moore 17 June 2016 12: 50
    +6
    The main feature of a liquid rocket is its relatively high reliability and destructive force.

    And I thought that the ability to control traction in magnitude and a greater specific impulse than in a turbojet engine ... fool
  10. Bramb
    Bramb 17 June 2016 12: 57
    +1
    According to Russian media, from the end of 2018, the mass deployment of complexes will begin. It is assumed that they will all be deployed in the central part of Siberia, in the city of Uzhur, and in the Orenburg region, near the village of Dombrovsky.
    --------------
    And why didn’t they show on the map and say the password for entry and specify the time for excursions there?
    Who so gives a desu? !! ((
    1. Muvka
      Muvka 17 June 2016 15: 32
      +1
      Quote: Bramb
      According to Russian media, from the end of 2018, the mass deployment of complexes will begin. It is assumed that they will all be deployed in the central part of Siberia, in the city of Uzhur, and in the Orenburg region, near the village of Dombrovsky.
      --------------
      And why didn’t they show on the map and say the password for entry and specify the time for excursions there?
      Who so gives a desu? !! ((

      Maybe because everything has already been tested and has long been loaded into the mines?)
  11. weksha50
    weksha50 17 June 2016 13: 00
    +3
    What the Chinese and Americans are silent about is the fact that they are actually afraid of the possibilities of overcoming their missile defense with the head units of Sarmatia ...

    If in the late 80s we were already two heads taller than the United States in overcoming missile defense and their vaunted nuclear umbrella (SDI) "played in the box" without becoming realized, then, I think, at the current level of development of science and technology in matters of overcoming missile defense, we again will not lose face ...

    By the way, Putin has hinted about this more than once ...

    Now the main thing is that we have time to put at least 2-3 Sarmatov regiments on combat duty ... This will already be a force, it will already be a fist, about which the United States - whether they want it or not - will always have to remember ...
  12. Engineer
    Engineer 17 June 2016 13: 01
    +1
    Projectile Flight Path - Predictable Arc

    This phrase alone shows the level of this "expert". When will such experts be planted here? A couple of hours on Wikipedia - a ready expert in any field. He also talks about the parameters of a classified rocket that has not yet flown. Very helpful article.
  13. bad
    bad 17 June 2016 13: 01
    +6
    Missile Weapons Expert: 5 generation Russian ICBM cope with the latest missile defense systems (The Paper, China)
    ..a good article .. without verbiage, emotions and pathos .. only facts and cautious assumptions .. but a conclusion can be made even non-specialist mattresses will again get a headache with bouts of hemorrhoids .. laughing
  14. Operator
    Operator 17 June 2016 13: 35
    +2
    The existing R-36M2 "Voyevoda" (aka SS-18 Satan) weighs 211 tons and throws 8,8 tons per 11000 km. To achieve a range of 16000 km, a light warhead is used. The combat load includes one 25 Mt heavy warhead or one 8 Mt light warhead or ten 0,75 Mt warheads each. The complex to overcome the missile defense system includes light and heavy decoys.

    A promising Sarmat ICBM for throwing 10 tons at a typical range of 11000 km should have a weight of at least 200 tons.

    As part of the Strategic Missile Forces of the Russian Armed Forces there are 74 silo launchers of the P-36M2.
  15. pafegosoff
    pafegosoff 17 June 2016 13: 43
    +2
    Quote: Bramb
    According to Russian media, from the end of 2018, the mass deployment of complexes will begin. It is assumed that they will all be deployed in the central part of Siberia, in the city of Uzhur, and in the Orenburg region, near the village of Dombrovsky.
    --------------
    And why didn’t they show on the map and say the password for entry and specify the time for excursions there?
    Who so gives a desu? !! ((

    Because to build new mines is not cheap and pointless. So much was built in Uzhur in the 1970s that they didn’t have time to blow everything up under Gorbachev, and under Yeltsin it was far and inconvenient to steal from there. All rocket mines are monitored from space.
    So why the hell on the map show when daily monitoring from space. And before that, American representatives visited and documented. By the way, Obama seems to have been a commissar in chemistry in Chapaevsk, but I don’t remember if he was in Orenburg, Votkinsk, or where else.
  16. avva2012
    avva2012 17 June 2016 13: 47
    0
    The expert was pleased to talk about how much and what the US and Europe will fly to, if that. Forgot about yourself? laughing Whether we are friends or not, China is on the fly. As indeed any country in a nuclear club.
    1. NordUral
      NordUral 17 June 2016 14: 44
      +1
      Sometimes it’s better to keep silent.
  17. Ros 56
    Ros 56 17 June 2016 14: 51
    +3
    Good thing, it’s not for nothing that striped people are afraid of it. We have almost such, naturally of the previous generation, lies in Orenburg in the park to them. Frunze for all to see. There are many things to see, starting from the time of the Civil War. Open-air museum.
  18. guzik007
    guzik007 17 June 2016 14: 56
    -3
    all this is kanesh, well, there are more rackets, good and different. Only America has long revised the concept of a future confrontation with Russia. They are well aware that our doctrine is purely defensive and, therefore, we will never start first. On this side, they are fully protected. this moment. Only fools do not see this point blank. Secondly, since the regime in the country is based on practically one person, and it is not eternal, they are well aware that they have a powerful, now hidden in the country lobby. Who are you talking about? Pralna, our native government. Government and stealing governors. Which promise immunity, territorial independence, they will add up their legs. For consumers who have completely seized power, lovers of sweet devour and constantly steal, steal and steal. What kind of patriotism, what ideals are there. It’s all pragmatists who care first and foremost about their own skin. And when the time comes (Putin leaves the arena, the fight starts for the helm), the Americans will convene the United Nations, accept declarations of the need, first, for external control of the nuclear arsenal, introducing troops The UN, and then they will begin to derban the country more and more impudently. For they will be sure that not one .... of the remaining camarilla will give an order for nuclear retaliation. For they do not bomb their mansions in Miami and Nice, their safes in Switzerland and London, their attached children in different curly-haired and New Orcs. Therefore, perhaps the Americans are in no hurry, unlike Putin, to renew their nuclear arsenals. And why, if such a concept of development has a place in reality?
    Hypothetically, they can speed up the process with Vova, without waiting for a natural demise. Arrested somewhere on the road, like Milosevic, declaring a war criminal and all things. And what? ask. And nicho, something tells me that not one ... does not rock the boat for real action. There will be a lot of screech on the air, as usual the Solovyov-Kiselev’s and that’s all. As is the case with our plane in Syria.
    Minus me FSUs.
    1. Ros 56
      Ros 56 17 June 2016 15: 12
      +4
      Quote: guzik007
      Arrested somewhere away


      Yes, your fantasy knows no bounds. I would like to see this action and its consequences, I think many would not be too good.
      You should be treated. Well, no offense. I'm well-meaning.
      And in vain you value your Motherland so low, although you have a right.
      And about some ministers and governors with officials, I agree with you, it's time to go to the wall.
  19. Every
    Every 17 June 2016 14: 59
    0
    Quote: Sharapov
    100-tonne rocket fuel rocket - at a mortar launch? the mind is not comprehensible !!!
    And I would like to see this start live ...


    Look for a video of the launch of the R-36M Voevoda (aka SS-18 Satan), a liquid-propellant rocket of 200 tons weight, and with a mortar launch.
  20. strelok-54
    strelok-54 17 June 2016 21: 04
    0
    Quote: Just
    See:

    All P-36M * such a start


    I wonder how many such missiles should reach the United States, what to pacify forever their ambitions for world hegemony? Enough alone?
    1. Mikhail Krapivin
      Mikhail Krapivin 17 June 2016 23: 53
      0
      The beauty flew to the homeland of democracy.
    2. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 18 June 2016 03: 01
      +1
      Quote: strelok-54
      Enough alone?

      This is if you look where it gets ...
      If the Yellowstone Super Volcano’s cardillery is enough. Perhaps, it will remain!
      1. Arktidianets
        Arktidianets 18 June 2016 08: 52
        0
        I’ll correct you, not a cardillera (Cardillera is a mountain system), but a caldera, a basin of volcanic origin.
  21. Zomanus
    Zomanus 18 June 2016 04: 05
    0
    Great article. Many questions disappeared after reading.
    It can serve as an image for representatives of the arms-writing community.
    Well, what about Syria, that the comments indicated, so recently it was
    a meeting of some club that rules everything.
    And after that, such a roll went right away.
    Apparently they didn’t even wait for the election of Clinton as the representative of the USA
  22. Old26
    Old26 18 June 2016 10: 41
    0
    The article is, well, let's say, about nothing. All the "statements" of the Chinese expert are a copy of what we write in the media. Moreover, the "comrade" does not "filter the bazaar" at all, but gives out all the rumors in bulk. There was a similar article in either a French or an Australian newspaper (there is a translation somewhere on the net). there the author bends even worse ...
  23. Old26
    Old26 18 June 2016 10: 47
    0
    Quote: Boa constrictor KAA
    This is if you look where it gets ...
    If the Yellowstone Super Volcano’s cardillery is enough. Perhaps, it will remain!

    Alexander! This is another horror story of modern times, such as nuclear charges at the bottom of the fault. Recently, a month ago, on one of the TV channels, a similar question was asked to a volcanologist. He said something like this. When the volcano wakes up, we cannot predict. Maybe in 10 years, or maybe in 10 thousand years. To activate, you may need an earthquake of 4-5 points, or you can blow up gigatons, as some suggest and nothing will happen.