The officer was always in the center of attention and constituted the basis of national culture: for centuries it was equal to him, and many young men sought to take their place in this harmonious series. But is this row today? Is it possible to renew these traditions at the current level? After all, leaving the reserve, the officer still remains an officer in his heart.
In Rostov-on-Don, a regular meeting of reserve officers of the National Association of Reserve Officers of the Armed Forces ("Megapir") was held in the Southern Military District. Chairman of the Council of Officers' Meeting Marshal of the Soviet Union, Dmitry Yazov, conveyed to all participants regards and wishes for successful work. For reasons of health, he could not come.
There are not so many public associations of reserve officers in Russia. In general, officers find the continuation of their military traditions in associations of various types. Basically, these associations belong to the military-patriotic orientation. To the best of their abilities and capabilities, reserve officers try to pass on their knowledge and experience to the younger generation. But while these associations are virtually unrelated to each other, there is no common ideology and concept of work. So far, the state does not assume the cementing role. Although historically it was the authorities that were concerned about the role and place of the officer in society and throughout stories they tried in every way to glorify and glorify the person who put on a well-shaped uniform and epaulets. The eyes of the people pay attention to the military man. With him, and the demand was great. The officers began to feel their certain isolation long before the organization of the so-called “officers' restaurants, which began to appear in Russia around the second half of the 18th century. Historians say that in 1779 in the city of Tikhvin officers of the Novgorod Infantry Regiment create their own club, and three years later, in 1782, the same club opens in St. Petersburg. But it did not go further. And only at the beginning of the 19th century, on the orders of the military department, “officer restaurants” and military libraries appeared in some garrisons and parts of the Vilna and Finnish districts, Petersburg, and Warsaw. In 1869, a special commission was created under the Ministry of War in order to study and summarize the experience of organizing and operating officers' clubs, meetings, and libraries.
The statute of officers' meetings was approved on November 4 on 1874 by order of the military department. And in 1884, the order of the military department put into effect the “Regulations on officer assemblies in separate parts of the troops”.
By the end of the XIX century. the creation of officer assemblies in army units was almost completed, as a result of which a whole system of their work was formed. Across Russia, there are buildings that are called so - officer's assembly.
For example, in the Crimea, the building of the Officers' Assembly was built specifically for the 51 Infantry Regiment of Lithuania. This is the only building in Simferopol, where for many years the Soviet power symbolized the monarchy - the two-headed eagle.
The activities of the officers' meetings continued until the 1918 year. Back in 1917, the officers could somehow find the strength to unite, but due to the advent of the new government, such work stopped. It was resumed only in 1943, when new insignia for officers appeared in the Red Army - shoulder straps.
In the same year, a directive was issued on the organization of officer assemblies in a number of military districts in order to maintain high morale. However, in the post-war years and up to the 90-s, this initiative was not widely used. And only at the end of the 80-ies the order of the Minister of Defense No. XXUMX appeared, according to which the Provisional Regulation on the officers' meeting was introduced. In 186, 1990 and 1992, new orders and regulations are introduced regarding the future work of such meetings.
In various regions of the country, on a voluntary basis, officers assemble on their own, using commercial structures as the basis for their work, not the basic platform of the Ministry of Defense. Often this became a chance for further fruitful work, ensuring the continuity of such work for many years and bringing new members into its ranks. The same "Megapir" has about 43 thousands of people.
Often the proposals of reserve officers of the South are sent directly to the President, the Government, the Federal Assembly, as well as the Minister of Defense of Russia. For most of them, positive decisions were made, including legislative initiatives supported.
The authority of Russian officers' assemblies is growing abroad.
18 in March of this year was solemnly celebrated the fifth anniversary of the creation of the International Advisory Committee of organizations of reserve and reserve officers. Despite such a young age, he gained recognition abroad and politicians listen to his opinion. The committee brings together 29 organizations of veterans of the armed forces, reservists and peacekeepers from 27 countries. In Slovakia, Austria, Kazakhstan, Russia, Egypt, Germany, Serbia, Switzerland and other countries, international conferences, round tables, discussions on strengthening cooperation in the name of peace and friendship among nations, countering the growth of military conflicts, international terrorism and extremism have been held.
Oh, what balls used to be, as they used to admire in past and before last centuries
For two years, in the city of Pyatigorsk, the Day of Officer Honor of Lieutenant Mikhail Lermontov, as well as officers' Lermontov balls, has been held.
Incidentally, with the filing of the officers' meeting, the balls began to be held more and more actively, and after them the holding of cadet balls was increasingly spread. The geography is very wide: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Maikop, Krasnodar, Oryol, Rostov-on-Don, Kabardino-Balkaria, Tomsk, Tver, Penza, Khabarovsk and other cities of Russia.
But back to work.
“The main work of a veteran organization should be aimed primarily at rendering effective assistance to commanders in educating sergeants,” said Viktor Grishin, Chairman of the United Air Force and Air Defense Army Veterans Council, in his speech.
- The future of young people should worry us today and now. Who among us sitting in this room, thought that very close, in Ukraine, such a rampage of Nazism would arise again, which could gradually take over other countries. And it happens. And we need to do so in order not to miss the younger generation, we need to fight for the spiritual condition of people who, through 10-12, will be at the helm of power for years to protect the Motherland. There seems to be a lot of people in our organization, and about two dozen work effectively. We do not have enough people. Now we receive a lot of applications for holding or participating in various events, in contrast to the time when we called the schools ourselves and asked us to speak, tell, and the last war. But the situation with patriotic education today has changed. This makes me happy. But we have no end of work, we must remember those who brought us the great Victory. It is necessary to speak in detail about each feat. And the main task is how best to pass this spiritual heritage to the next generation, how to better organize the work of changing generations.
The director of the Neklinovsk flight school, Leonid Goldberg, shared his experience. He told us that he spoke at a similar meeting of officers and shared many of the problems that the flight school faces when training pupils. As it turned out, the support of this particular meeting brought about changes for the better.
“The General Staff of the Russian Army drew attention to us,” he said. - The commander of the troops of the Southern Military District, Colonel-General Alexander Galkin, issued an order to use our school as a basic educational institution for parachute jumping. Recently, representatives of DOSAAF visited us and decided that the school will also become the base for flight training. Two Yak-52 and one An-2 will be transferred. It is noteworthy that Taganrog aviation the transport regiment has become our boss, and cadets can now gain experience from real pilots.
Equally important is the preservation of spiritual and historical heritage. Valentin Gerbach, who heads the RAU alumni organization, spoke about this emotionally and with bitterness.
“RAU is no longer there, but we are and are memory,” he says. - On the territory of the school, as is known to all historians and officials, to whom we have been unsuccessfully appealing for many years, the human remains of former prisoners of the death camp, which the Germans with cynical cruelty called the infirmary and treated there allegedly sick prisoners of war. In fact, thousands of people died there from disease and hunger. According to various estimates, there were about 6 thousands of such people. And if earlier there was a memorial complex on the territory of the school, today it has already been demolished, and concrete slabs were installed on the place of execution, on which unknowing cadets walk. The center for training military specialists for aviation needs is housed here, and from September 1 a training center for warrant officers will be opened. And with this you need to do something, it is impossible that the memory was literally trampled.
The chairman of the meeting immediately asks Gerbach to address a member of the Public Chamber of the Rostov Region who is present in the hall and to decide with him about the direction to appeal to the Governor of the Rostov Region Vasily Golubev. However, a member of the Public Chamber, whose name he does not want to be called, for some reason asks Gerbach if there is any documentary evidence that the remains of the victims of the mass execution are buried in the school. Gerbach answers this question hotly and noisily, proving that there is more than enough evidence, and the appeal to the governor was written a year ago, but no effective measures have yet been taken.
I would also tell a friend from the public chamber that I saw the remains of people with my own eyes. The situation around the RAU was not quite normal and requires a speedy solution: in this case, articles on our site were published several times.
Such heated debates and questions show that the officers' assembly today has been integrated into the system of the vital activity of society, but there is still a lot to be done.
The following decision was made, voiced by reserve lieutenant colonel Alexander Tkachenko:
“Continue to consolidate the veteran movement. To support, care and rely in every way on the vast life experience of the participants of the Great Patriotic War. At the same time, it is more active to involve in the organizing, propaganda and educational work of war veterans, above all, reserve officers. Involve young people in military-applied sports, passing the standards of the TRP. Strengthen ties with DOSAAF Russia. Create all conditions for expanding the capacity of this organization in the field. To do everything so that the reserve officers bring their experience and knowledge to the secondary school. This is not about the militarization of the consciousness of children and young men, but about the officers, as true statesmen, giving them an awareness of the responsibility and personal role of everyone in the fate of the country, forming an understanding and a desire to defend the national interests of Russia. It is important that we support and take an active part in the formation of the children's and youth organization “Russian Schoolchildren Movement”, as well as in the revival of the multi-organizational movement, the main goal of which is to educate the patriots of our Fatherland. Megapir will use all the best that we can bring in our experience and knowledge in this important work. At the same time, in our opinion, we must continue to work on the creation of a non-political youth organization in higher civil and military educational institutions, and then in military units. The youth appreciates the opinion of comrades. She has a sense of collectivism. It is important to contrast it with individualism, which largely erodes the consciousness and civic responsibility of young people, including the military. I am convinced that young officers, contract servicemen and members of their families will find their place in these organizations. Our task is to support talented students, cadets, Suvorov and cadets in the development of knowledge. The National Association "Megapir" approved a scholarship for a Suvorov North Caucasian IED. We are participating in the Olympics of educational institutions of the Ministry of Defense and other security agencies. It is important that the intellectual forces of the organizations of reserve officers directly in the regions join this work. ”