Military Review

Saber Dance

50



9 June 1863 of the year near the railway station with a good name Brandy was the only major cavalry battle of the American Civil War. In general, the role of cavalry in this war was very insignificant. Basically, it was reduced to reconnaissance and partisan raids, and in large field battles horsemen almost always dismounted and acted like ordinary infantry. Attacks in the horse ranks were a rarity.

Neither the southerners nor the northerners had their cavalry peak, and the sabers and broadswords laid by them were used almost exclusively as ceremonial weapon and an element of uniform. In the battles they almost never used. It is not surprising that of the 600 thousands of servicemen who died during the years of the civil war, only about 900 people became victims of cavalry blades, and more than half of them died in duels and in drunken fights.

Against this background, the clash of big masses of cavalry in Brandy became a unique phenomenon, and it occurred only because the meeting with the enemy was unexpected for both sides. And those and others attacked at random, not knowing about the location of the enemy. Southerners and northerners did not have time to dismount and they had to enter hand-to-hand riding, using revolvers and sabers. For many of them, this was the first and last fencing in real life.

Despite the fact that there were more northerners - about 11 thousand against nine and a half thousand southerners, the battlefield in the end was left for the Confederates. Northerners retreated, losing 69 people killed, 352 wounded and 486 missing, most of whom were captured. Southerners captured three guns, and their total losses were 523 man. I did not find the breakdown of this figure for the dead, wounded and missing people.

In general, "cutting Brandy" did not affect the course of the war, but American battle-art artists like to depict it on their canvases. One of these paintings by the artist Don Sitivers placed on the screen saver. It depicts a duel between confederate officer William Henry Lee, son of the commander-in-chief of the Southern army, General Lee, and Unionion captain Wellesley Merritt. This fight ended with the fact that the southerner received a shot in the thigh and left the battle under the cover of other horsemen.



The Confederate Kavlerists, saluting with their sabers, greet General Lee. Many of them have found only such an application for their blades in war.



The southerners' cavalry attack at Brandy on a unionist battery, which did not have time to turn into a combat position. The result of this attack was the capture of three field guns. Painting by Don Trojan.



Federal Zouaves collect and load the wounded in the battle of Brandy into the ambulance. The picture is most likely staged.



American lightweight cavalry saber sample 1860 year. Such sabers were in service with both warring parties.
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  1. Revolver
    Revolver 13 June 2016 05: 45
    +17
    Having won the confederates in that war, history could have taken a completely different path ...
    1. svp67
      svp67 13 June 2016 08: 06
      +8
      Quote: Nagan
      Having won the confederates in that war, history could have taken a completely different path ...

      And most importantly, it is not yet known which is better? We do not know what that Confederation would have turned into, it is quite possible that it would have followed the path of Germany, where Prussia took on the role of "uniting" and somehow it did not make world history quieter and calmer. Since this "path" is always "longer", and that means the State that appeared at its end, "comes" to a "nodding analysis" and in order to live and develop, it is forced to be more aggressive.
      1. Mikhail Matyugin
        Mikhail Matyugin 14 June 2016 20: 55
        0
        Quote: svp67
        We do not know what that Confederation would have turned into, it is quite possible that it would have gone the way of Germany, where Prussia took on the role of "uniting"

        Well, if Germany were united by, say, peaceful and benevolent Saxony, then world history would obviously have taken a different path.
    2. 97110
      97110 13 June 2016 15: 30
      +5
      Quote: Nagan
      Victory in that war Confederates

      If my grandmother had an industry ...
      1. smershxnumx
        smershxnumx 13 June 2016 21: 08
        +1
        Hmm ... This is "cavalry" ... These are definitely not the Zaporozhye Cossacks, not the Cossacks of Ermak Timofeevich, and not the hussars of Denis Davydov, and not the Don Cossacks of Ataman Platov !!! This is definitely not Budyonny's First Red Cavalry !!! Well, the difference, I guess, is like between football (rugby is a different sport) in Europe-Asia, and American football ... It's not like that, it's not like that ....
        1. smershxnumx
          smershxnumx 15 June 2016 20: 53
          +1
          For what "minus" - for the truth ??? So they really did not stand next to the Zaporozhye, Ural, Siberian, Don Cossacks and hussars !!! Who does not believe - yes the same "Wikipedia" and "Google" to help !!! "Poke" the keys, read it .. Why am I here with beads for a sword ??? The main thing is in front of whom?
  2. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 13 June 2016 06: 16
    +25
    And this "epic" battle, which did not decide anything and did not solve it, was that in the subsequent cavalry from both opposing sides finally turned into riding infantry and subsequent battles fought mainly with firearms and dismounted, and sabers were carried strapped to the saddles, if they did not give up at all in the train. However, the American cavalry, whose tactics were developed in specific wars with the native American populations, is no stranger to acting in this style. It is not for nothing that Rudyard Kipling wrote much later about American cavalry in this style: that among the Americans it is completely different from the European and is unlikely to withstand an open equestrian battle with the European cavalry, but if there is at least one thick log or other shelter in the district, and the American dragoons managed lie down behind him, then you can't get them out of there without artillery. I can’t vouch for the verbatim, but it’s written in this style and with such a meaning.
    1. Simpsonian
      Simpsonian 13 June 2016 06: 33
      +2
      Many still had peaks.
      1. Lester7777
        Lester7777 13 June 2016 07: 49
        +2
        Two companies of the Fifth Texas? And perhaps the Fifth Virgin.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. RUSS
        RUSS 13 June 2016 10: 05
        +1
        Quote: Simpsonian
        Many still had peaks.

        Can I have a link, well, or a picture?
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 13 June 2016 11: 35
          +4
          Quote: RUSS
          Can I have a link, well, or a picture?

          I don’t know how in America, but in Europe many had peaks. It was our mountaineers who despised the pikes, when they saw a Cossack with a pike, they muttered: "Look, the reed rushes."
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 13 June 2016 07: 04
    +2
    It is not surprising that out of the 600 thousand military personnel who died during the years of the Civil War, only about 900 people were victims of cavalry blades, and more than half of them died in duels and in drunken fights.

    If they "fell" under our equestrian avalanches, and under our Cossack checkers and pikes, they would still remember! There would be a merikatosny, finely shredded cabbage! laughing
    And less would be yapping now, in our direction. angry
    1. svp67
      svp67 13 June 2016 08: 10
      +6
      Quote: aszzz888
      And less would be yapping now, in our direction

      Yeah, right now ... "They would hiss and" spit "ten times more, and they would also say that our Cossacks are even more" barbarians "than the Indians, because they attacked and beat everyone, including" women and children "...
  4. Lester7777
    Lester7777 13 June 2016 07: 32
    +4
    Thank you, an interesting article!

    Oh, I would like to be on the ground of cotton,
    Old times are not forgotten here
    Look around, look around, look around! Dixie Land.

    In the land of Dixie where I was born
    early frosty morning
    Look around, look around, look around! Dixie Land.

    I would love to be in Dixie! Hooray! Hooray!
    I will defend my right
    live and die in dixie.
    Far, far, far, in the south, in Dixie.
    Far, far, far, in the south, in Dixie.
    1. 97110
      97110 13 June 2016 15: 36
      +2
      Quote: Lester7777
      In the land of Dixie where I was born
      early frosty morning

      I remember being struck by a description of the scene read somewhere: "A negro entered, ruddy from the frost." It turns out it's freezing in Dixie.
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 13 June 2016 20: 28
        +1
        Quote: 97110
        I remember being struck by a description of the scene read somewhere: "A negro entered, ruddy from the frost." It turns out it's freezing in Dixie.

        There are. Rarely, usually only a few days (or rather, nights) during the winter, but there are. Once every few years, even in Florida, the citrus crop suffers from frost.
  5. Free wind
    Free wind 13 June 2016 08: 18
    +17
    Americans by that time were without exception armed with revolvers and used them very skillfully. You can kill quickly and at a distance, kill and do not curtail yourself, you will live longer.
    1. 97110
      97110 13 June 2016 15: 37
      +5
      Quote: Free Wind
      Americans by then were polls armed with revolvers
      and noticed that a guy with a colt against a guy with a hard drive is a dead man.
      1. smershxnumx
        smershxnumx 13 June 2016 21: 12
        0
        Yeah ... Old Man Makhno on them with carts was not ... Lucky them ... all ... IMHO ...
  6. ALEA IACTA EST
    ALEA IACTA EST 13 June 2016 08: 40
    +3
    For the Americans, cavalry was more of a mobile infantry than the "breakthrough fist" of the Europeans.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 13 June 2016 10: 16
    +6
    The study of the American experience in general and the analysis of the battle at Brandy Station in particular led in Russia to the controversial "dragoon reform" of 1882. A. Kersnovsky wrote:
    "Brandy's station overshadowed both Schengraben and Fer-Champenoise, and even the famous Strukov raid - a raid before which all the operations of Stuart and Sheridan pale. This psychosis of 'raids' on an American sample transplanted onto Russian soil had a sad effect later under Inkou. on American cowboys led to the abolition of the pike, left only in the Cossack units. "
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 13 June 2016 10: 35
      +10
      Quote: parusnik
      The fashion for American cowboys has led to the abolition of the peak, left only in the Cossack units. "

      This is so, the Cossacks by hook or by crook resisted the reforms. Cossack checkers are worn in a quivering wooden scabbard with the blade up, do not strum or blunt, do not have guards, and by prying the edge of the palm over the goose the checker is instantly ready for battle. The Merikos and other foreigners had to learn this from them. It must be said that the Cossacks defended their weapons, Nikolashka's decree read: "The Cossacks should not be imprisoned ..." negative
      1. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 13 June 2016 11: 47
        +9
        It would be interesting to see the arguments of the one who slapped me minus. For Nikolashka or what? And as for the drafts, I’ll add that the Zlatoust blades were considered the best, which the German Volchki and Tannerivka crumbled on tests I didn’t want at all. About Polish guano it is better to be silent altogether.
      2. aiw
        aiw 13 June 2016 15: 20
        +1
        > and by prying the jib with the edge of the palm of your hand, the checker is instantly ready for battle

        Interesting ... is it like a samurai or something, snatching a katana and a blow in one divination?
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 13 June 2016 15: 34
          +5
          Quote: aiw
          > and by prying the jib with the edge of the palm of your hand, the checker is instantly ready for battle

          Interesting ... is it like a samurai or something, snatching a katana and a blow in one divination?

          Exactly. I scribbled an article about checkers, but I don’t know how to stick pictures, but without them I don’t.
      3. 97110
        97110 13 June 2016 15: 39
        +2
        Quote: Mordvin 3
        Nikolashki

        Ek you egonnym greatness then ... Wait, the monarchists will zaminusut you.
      4. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 13 June 2016 18: 10
        +4
        I will add a little. I'm sorry there are so many of me here. The decree read: "Cossacks in the choice of weapons should not be forced." they could appear at the service both with grandfather's non-statutory checkers and with statutory ones. Moreover, if the former were sharpened arbitrarily, the latter were strictly according to the instructions of the Artillery Committee, and with the help of a machine. (each shelf had its own grinder).
    2. bondarencko
      bondarencko 14 June 2016 03: 03
      +1
      Neighbor, why did no one remember that Russia sent a squadron to support the "northerners"?
      1. Mordvin 3
        Mordvin 3 14 June 2016 07: 08
        +2
        Quote: bondarencko
        Neighbor, why did no one remember that Russia sent a squadron to support the "northerners"?

        So they did not fight. Just stood in support.
        1. Mikhail Matyugin
          Mikhail Matyugin 14 June 2016 20: 50
          0
          Quote: Mordvin 3
          Just stood in support.

          They didn’t stand, helped to ensure the sea blockade.
    3. Mikhail Matyugin
      Mikhail Matyugin 14 June 2016 21: 29
      0
      Quote: parusnik
      This psychosis of "raids" on an American specimen transplanted onto Russian soil had a sad effect later under Yingkou

      I would say that this is due to the general insufficiently rapidly developing model of the Russian army, in which the cavalry began to degrade already in the Crimean War and in general the situation did not improve throughout the second half of the 19th century.
  8. iouris
    iouris 13 June 2016 10: 46
    +4
    Cossacks are a unique kind of troops, but too expensive. A cavalryman must be born. Many believe that the Cossack is a nationality.
    In the United States, the creation of cavalry troops no longer made sense. Soon a machine gun was invented, rapid-firing artillery, a car, an airplane, a railway appeared.
    It was not just that "decossackization" was carried out in the USSR.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 13 June 2016 11: 07
      +6
      Quote: iouris
      Many believe that the Cossack is a nationality

      Seriously? Here, damn it, boobs. Where is Meehan? Let it neigh. laughing
      1. Aleksandr72
        Aleksandr72 13 June 2016 14: 59
        +3
        You will laugh laughing, but yes, if you believe the Britons, then "Cossack" is a nationality.
        At the end of November 1935, the Tribal-class leaders built as part of the shipbuilding program (later classified as destroyers) were named after the wild tribes inhabiting the British colonies, becoming the successors of the World War I destroyers of the Tribal class (English Tribe - a tribe, English Tribal - tribal, belonging to a tribe). The names of these destroyers are "Afridi", "Ashanti", "Bedouin", attention - "Cossack"! (ie Cossack), "Eskimo" (this is not ice cream, but a native of Alaska and northern Canada), "Gurkha", "Maori", "Mashona", "Matabele", "Mohawk", "Nubian", " Punjabi "," Sikh "," Somali "," Tartar "," Zulu ".
        And if I agree with almost all the names that these tribes and nationalities really inhabited the British Empire, then how Tatars, and even more so Cossacks, belong to these peoples - kill me and I don’t understand the wall.
        However, Europeans are no stranger to counting not only the Cossacks as mythical peoples. So, up to the First World War, the British and Farntsians considered the German uhlans as a separate "Hunnish" nation and natural cavalry like the Russian Cossacks. From the memoirs of Prince Hohenlohe (future imperial chancellor) about the conversation between Prince Bismarck's Otto von Schönhausen and Thiers (minister of the Second Republic, who later became famous for the suppression of the Paris Commune). So Bismarck blamed Thiers for the fact that the French had called upon barbarian tribes (Senegalese riflemen and spagi cavalry) to serve. To which Thiers objected that Germany had also taken over the lancers, a savage tribe. Bismarck tried to explain that the lancers are ordinary soldiers, the same Germans like everyone else, differ only in weapons (in particular, with pikes) and clothing, but Thiers did not believe him. Researchers believe that the reason for such dense ignorance of the Anglo-French is that this type of light cavalry was called ulans only in the Prussian (ulanen) and Russian armies (and we do not speak Poles, because then they had neither cavalry nor an army in general as well as their own state). In other European countries, this type of light cavalry was called "lanciers", "lancers", etc. that is, spearmen. Apparently the Türkic sound and origin of the word "ulan" was the reason for the belief about their barbaric origin. And this bike turned out to be very tenacious, happily surviving until the First World War. So the British (and not only them) also attributed the fearless natural cavalry cossack to a separate nationality, naturally of barbaric origin.
        1. Mordvin 3
          Mordvin 3 13 June 2016 15: 27
          +7
          Today is the day of laughter.
          Quote: Aleksandr72
          naturally barbarian in origin.

          The fact that the Cossacks eat children was known to the Germans. recourse Carried, boobies, their broadswords in an iron scabbard, they were dull after a day's horse crossing. But the case of a meeting with a ninja (from memory):
          A strange man came out of the woods, all in black, began to grimace and wave his hands. The officer Sazonov hit him in the ear, which is why after one hour he was ashamed. wassat I don’t know how true.
          1. aiw
            aiw 13 June 2016 15: 44
            +3
            In this regard, Yuri Nikitin's "holy grail" reveals the topic a little more fully when the main characters (the British knight-crusader and prophetic Oleg) drove to the Shaolin monastery ... repeat
        2. 97110
          97110 13 June 2016 15: 44
          +1
          Quote: Aleksandr72
          The names of these destroyers: "Afridi", ... "Somali"
          I remembered "Somareg", assembled from the halves of a Somali and a Tuareg left after the Jutland battle. It seems that Pikul had it.
    2. sibiryak10
      sibiryak10 14 June 2016 12: 14
      +1
      Cossacks, on the contrary, are a very inexpensive branch of the army. The Cossacks belonged to the so-called "irregular" units. That is, they armed themselves, equipped themselves, provided horses. Like any irregular units, they were highly mobile, effective in raids, raids, pursuit, but weak in combat in formation.
      In our country, sometimes the Cossacks are almost "Russian samurai" armed with an analogue of a katana - a saber. But this is not so, the Cossacks are light cavalry, and the saber was created for cutting at a gallop, and not for long fencing. "Under the tsars" everyone understood this and no one threw them head-on against the same dragoons.
  9. tiaman.76
    tiaman.76 13 June 2016 12: 13
    +2
    yes experience in conducting large-scale wars they did not have in comparison with European countries ..
  10. PKK
    PKK 13 June 2016 13: 36
    +1
    The American cavalry is not impressive, it’s not for you Attacks of the 1st Cavalry Army Semyon Budenny, Army Voroshilov and other commanders. Attack Lavoy, from horizon to horizon, when horses and people are beasting against machine guns. Machine guns do not have time to mow the Red Army men. Through machine guns, through the mountains, horses and people forward to the attack!
    1. moskowit
      moskowit 13 June 2016 14: 20
      0
      How figuratively. Have you seen or participated?
      1. 97110
        97110 13 June 2016 15: 49
        +4
        Quote: moskowit
        How figuratively. Have you seen or participated?

        From a briefing by an experienced political worker. They invited a veteran of the Civil (then there were still, heard the story in 1980 in the Cossack camps), poured him for courage 100 gr. And my grandfather said: "They went to machine guns in horse ranks! We went to the wire in horse ranks! But most of all from Civilian I remembered how we drove the bitch Senka Budyonny over the reeds for three days." And there was a star shower from the shoulder straps of responsible political workers. We must be careful with these veterans.
    2. zombirusrev
      zombirusrev 13 June 2016 15: 22
      +1
      Looks like you are not in the know. First, the carts unfold and they press the enemy to the ground, and only then lava. Then the carts were replaced in tanks by tanks.
    3. aiw
      aiw 13 June 2016 15: 23
      0
      What’s there on machine guns - on tanks in horseback! And with a gold-plated blade, the cannon under his root - grunting, through the inspection slot of the mechanical driver right in the middle - tyk! fellow
    4. Mikhail Matyugin
      Mikhail Matyugin 14 June 2016 21: 30
      0
      Quote: PKK
      then you don’t have Attacks of the 1 Cavalry Army of Semyon Budyonny, the Voroshilov Army and other commanders. Attack Lavoy, from horizon to horizon, when horses and people are beasting against machine guns. Machine guns do not have time to mow the Red Army men. Through machine guns, through the mountains of horses and people Attack!

      I feel sorry for you if you consider the peak of military art described by you.
  11. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 13 June 2016 17: 09
    +1
    The more time passes, the more I am surprised that the cause of this war was the abolition of slavery. And in the last century, the Ku Klus Klan, atomic bombs. Then --- Yugoslavia, Iraq, Libya!
    1. Conrad
      Conrad 13 June 2016 21: 27
      +5
      Don't be surprised! The cause of the war is not slavery at all. When did Lincoln abolish it? Exactly! How is it that we first fight, and then, at the end of the war, we get the reason? You still say that Abraham was killed because of slavery ?! In fact, the Civil War in North America is the first war of a new type. So to speak for the "new" way of life. When there is no honor, no conscience, no debt, but only money and promissory notes !!! And the "backward" South could not delve into this "Light and New World" in any way, so I had to be the first to deal with it in a civilized manner! Debut of Progressive War! And the Winners write history!
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 13 June 2016 21: 43
        0
        At school on this topic --- kitchen gardens .....
        But the war for the abolition of slavery is the will of the works of their writers. But I never felt this docking, only not to think about it.
        It turns out such a total mythology.
        But they didn’t find Lincoln’s body, or did I miss something?
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. Signaller
    Signaller 13 June 2016 20: 47
    +1
    I read it. Interesting. Apparently only here in Russia they know how to work with checkers. "Sabers to battle" and forward, and there at least the grass does not grow.
    1. Mordvin 3
      Mordvin 3 13 June 2016 22: 02
      +3
      Not certainly in that way. "Checkers bald! Caps off! Stand up for prayer!" After the prayer, it was believed that the soul of the Cossack did not belong to him, but to God.