Military Review

The symbol of the Cold War returns to the sky

55
The symbol of the Cold War returns to the sky


The United States wants to reanimate active practical flights of high-altitude aerial reconnaissance U-2 (ceiling over 21 km) that became famous during the Cold War. Moreover, a squadron of such aircraft may well be placed in Europe - in close proximity to the Russian borders. About this in March, wrote the British daily newspaper Independent, citing the words of the then commander of the NATO Joint Armed Forces in Europe, the American “hawk” Philip Breedlove. “The European command of the US Armed Forces needs additional intelligence gathering platforms, such as U-2 and RC-135. This is necessary in view of the increased need for such information, ”says the publication of the words of the commander.

GIVE U-2 AND RC-135

It is noteworthy that the American General Breedlove was born in 1955 — the year when the first U-2, called Dragon Lady (“Lady Dragon”), took to the air. Independent also quoted him saying that “in the long run, Russia poses an existential threat” to the United States. Wow, what an original word in the mouth of the military! And after all, there are no synonyms for it, only “being”. But what to the forehead, what to the forehead, because in combination with the word “threat” it sounds very frightening. This is not any “fashionable” informational or hybrid wars with “polite people” on the unmarked trenches of the front line! And therefore, they say, the “appeal” to the European theater of military operations of the U-2 and RC-135 aircraft seems to be obvious, it suggests itself. Bridlav himself, while in the post of commander in chief, did not throw the wind in this sense of the word - he also used the available opportunities. The April 14 Baltic incident with the RC-135 approaching the Russian territorial waters, when the Su-27 fighter made a “barrel” around the American intelligence officer, is a graphic confirmation of this.

Military experts interviewed by the British newspaper unanimously suggested that if the request of the NATO strategist is satisfied, then U-2 and RC-135 will probably collect data on the Russian naval forces and coastal forces during the assignments. But at the same time they will not cross the airspace of the North Atlantic bloc. They say that in America, of course, they did not forget how 1 of the year 1960 in the Sverdlovsk region (now Yekaterinburg) was shot down by U-2, which was considered invulnerable to Soviet air defense forces, piloted by Francis Powers. And the very first ground-to-air missile (of the eight released) attacked an air spy from the Soviet Dvina C-75 anti-aircraft missile system.

The Pentagon has still not commented on the proposal Bridlove. A source familiar with the programs of the US Army connected with Europe told the Independent that “although there is no information in the public domain about the deployment of U-2 to obtain data on the Russian Federation, this does not mean that there will be no such use of reconnaissance aircraft for this purpose” .

WAS PLANS FOR THE LISTINGS?

Meanwhile, a lot of interesting information has appeared about Dragon Lady and “made famous” by the captain of the US Air Force, and then by the CIA Powers employee in recent years, 10.

It is strange that the name U-2 generally flew from the lips of General Bridlaw. After all, back in January 2006, when he was deputy commander of the 16th aviation group at the Ramstein airbase, the US Department of Defense announced that it intends to send these spy planes "to retire." One of the largest news agencies in the world - United Press International (UPI, USA) - with reference to an anonymous source, even then announced the deadline by which these reconnaissance aircraft were to become “junk” and museum items - 2011. Moreover, the deadlines for the decommissioning of the “high-altitude” were scheduled for years: in 2007 it was planned to write off three such aircraft, in 2008 - six, over the next two years - seven aircraft each, and finally, in 2011 - the last ten. Total - 33 air reconnaissance during the "five-year period." Judging by the report, U-2 modernization plans were not even considered.

In the same January, the American online publication Strategy Page, which positions itself as a source of up-to-date information on military topics, as if confirming that the U-2 will be decommissioned by the American army, confidently said that they would be replaced by Global Hawk reconnaissance aircraft. “Both airplanes do not differ in size and are equipped with the same equipment,” the publication noted as the case was almost resolved. “However, due to the lack of a pilot, the Global Hawk can be in the air twice as long as the U-2, namely the 24 hour.” And it indicated that in five years, as the Dragon Lady, which has been serving for half a century, has been written off, the United States plans to purchase more 40 of such unmanned reconnaissance aircraft, which have been created over the last 10 years.

This information has become interested in the Russian news agency RIA. News. The press service of the US Air Force told him that only in 2004, new unmanned reconnaissance aircraft carried out about 50 missions in Iraq, provided about 12 thousands of images and flown a thousand combat hours. And 1 – 2 May 2000, the Global Hawk first flew the Atlantic Ocean from the USA to Europe. In 2001, a similar non-stop flight was made between the United States and Australia across the Pacific Ocean — a record distance for unmanned aircraft. He flies, however, "a little lower" U-2 - the maximum ceiling 19,8 km. But he has many other great advantages.

However, in the 2011 year, neither the “advanced” UPI nor any other agency made it clear to the world community that these quite explicable plans for parting with the Dragon Lady were somehow realized. Neither with reference to official information, nor to the data of any "secret" source.

The reason for throwing such information could well be the "round date" of the flight and the downing of Powers, which in 2010 was even modestly noted in Moscow. The son of the spy pilot Francis Gary Powers Jr., who founded the Cold War Museum in the USA, came to the Russian capital on the 50 anniversary of the event.

It is interesting that he met then with one of the developers of the Dvina air defense system - the designer 88-year-old at the time, Karl Alperovich. The latter told the guest that the C-75 system was created as soon as possible after July 1956, when American U-2 systematically violated the airspace of the USSR, and in September, the 1957 divisions armed with this complex began to enter the troops. “We have completed our task. It was a significant step in the creation of air defense equipment in stories of our country, - enlightened the Soviet and Russian scientist a descendant of an American spy pilot. “C-75 shot down U-2 Powers and subsequently won the war in the skies over Vietnam, where about a thousand American planes were destroyed with its help.”

By the way, from 29 winged U-2 serial American reconnaissance aircraft, lost for various reasons since May 1956, seven were shot down by the C-75 air defense system: one each in the USSR and Cuba, a couple - in Taiwan and three aircraft - China The rest broke for technical reasons and because of the "human factor". No wonder, according to UPI, the American pilots did not complain about the Dragon Lady; This machine was also once created in an unprecedentedly short time, and then it is “found” by instability in a rarefied space, then it is difficult to control it on certain flight conditions.

“I am glad that Powers survived,” said Alperovich at the meeting. “It was a worthy man who courageously, without panic, accomplished his task.” In turn, Powers Jr. replied that his “father was a soldier and a victim of the Cold War and the paranoia that prevailed in those years in the USA when he returned home”: “He was primarily a military pilot, and then an intelligence officer and during interrogations at the KGB, he tried not to give out military secrets. ” As for the latter, we will delicately disagree here, for Powers, who was fully exposed, had no choice but to give out this secret after portion.

Poshing at the borders

And since then, as it was announced “Good bye, U-2!”, And five years after that year, how this machine should remain in the history of world aviation, the most prominent NATO commander, besides the military aviator, "Let out" about some possible plans for the return of U-2 to reconnaissance flights. At the same time, General Bridlove didn’t even remember the Lockheed mate, the Global Hawk drone,.

And what would it mean?

The answer is one: while the Global Hawk - “machine” is still “raw” and not cheap (in January 2012, the US Air Force decided to stop buying UAVs because of their expensive maintenance, and transfer the already purchased vehicles to the reserve) old man "Lockheed U-2 is much cheaper. And it began to emerge that with the “funeral” of the latter they obviously got excited. Especially since he has once again distinguished himself in reconnaissance over Iraq, supplying the command with images, from which they took more accurate information than from a photo from space. And in the 1991 year, again during the war with Iraq, with the help of U-2 more than half of all photos of the military zone were taken and traced to the 90% of all Iraqi targets. The old-time aerial intelligence officer experienced a series of upgrades and, according to the US Congress Research Service, could perform combat missions up to the 2050 year.

In the middle of the 2000s, pilots who did not like this car tried to insist on replacing Dragon Lady with Global Hawk. A drop of their patience overflowed so far for today the last and 29-e on the account of an emergency with a scout, which happened on 22 on June 2005 of the year. Then the U-2S with the hull number 80-1082, returning from a flight over Afghanistan, crashed during an approach at the Al Dhafra (UAE) airbase. At the sprinter, which turned out to be close to the ground, the PTO shaft from the engine suddenly collapsed, as a result of which the hydraulic systems and power supply simultaneously failed. The pilot had no chance to save the car and himself, and he died. And two years before that, near Seoul, flying up from the Osann airbase, the engine refused at the side of the number 80-1095. U-2S "nodded and sang," the benefit of the pilot was able to eject and received minor injuries upon landing; and three more people fallen car crippled on the ground.

Since then, however, the passions have cooled, and the military have once again concluded that it is not premature to write off U-2 beforehand.

Russia's permanent representative to NATO, Alexander Grushko, in the stuffing of information about U-2, the main European atlantist Bridlav, sees the preparation of public opinion. “I have not seen any statements from NATO regarding the possibility of using U-2,” he said on the Russia 24 television channel (VGTRK). “Most likely, if such a decision is made, it will be accepted by the United States.” That is, unilaterally, as is usual in Washington.

“A few things are absolutely understandable,” said the representative. - Of course, U-2 will not fly over Russia. If they are used, then only along the borders of the regions adjacent to the Russian Federation. ”

What is true is true, at least close to the Russian borders to spy on reconnaissance equipment. Let us say here almost with the words of a classic: it is unlikely that some newly-minted Powers will come up with the idea to try “one more time” to fly to the middle of the Urals. But somewhere over the neutral Baltic, any Su-27 will be able to spin a “barrel” around it ...
Author:
Originator:
http://nvo.ng.ru/armament/2016-06-10/5_symbol.html
55 comments
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  1. techie
    techie 12 June 2016 05: 55
    +17
    Well, such spies are welcome to visit us. Our air defense practice is also useful. Let the Powers robe try on themselves there (if it comes to the robe, it’s something). We will exchange, if anything, for Vitya Buta; wrong that he is sitting with amers ..
    1. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z 12 June 2016 10: 33
      +3
      Let’s say here almost in the words of a classic: it is unlikely for any newly-minted Powers to think of trying to “fly one more time” to the middle of the Urals.

      Or maybe so:
      The rare U-2 or SR-71 will now risk reaching the middle of the Urals ...
      1. Lt. Air Force stock
        Lt. Air Force stock 12 June 2016 15: 41
        0
        U-2 was engaged in aerial photography, now there are satellites, for reconnaissance there is RC-135. Sense of using U-2?
        1. umah
          umah 13 June 2016 19: 18
          -2
          What despair do you need to be in order to dig up a technical "trash heap" instead of using new developments !? It turns out that American engineers are unable to create something new. When the U-2 flew over the border of the defeat of the Soviet air defense, this was justified. Now satellites will do the same job 10 times better and safer.
          1. complete zero
            complete zero 14 June 2016 14: 29
            +2
            for satellites there are "dead zones" dear ... aviation reconnaissance has not yet been replaced by anyone or where
      2. complete zero
        complete zero 14 June 2016 14: 17
        +1
        well, if only he (the adversary) does not realize that along the entire perimeter of the borders ... there are complexes "31" ... this y-2 will still taxi along the taxiing when it is already "irradiated" by Migi 31
    2. goncharov.62
      goncharov.62 12 June 2016 15: 48
      0
      crossing the border half a wing with this bird - destroying it itself + the airfield of the issuing side - 100%. Announce officially. Look at the result.
  2. bionik
    bionik 12 June 2016 06: 45
    +13
    Debris Powers aircraft at the Central Museum of the Armed Forces.
  3. Lester7777
    Lester7777 12 June 2016 06: 51
    +1
    Dropping them from the sky is also good.
  4. bionik
    bionik 12 June 2016 07: 01
    +11
    The Americans also thought the F-117 invisible plane was invulnerable. In 1999, F-27, the 117rd battery of Serbia’s 3th Air Defense Brigade, was shot down on March 250. It was armed with Soviet-made C-125 anti-aircraft missile systems.
  5. EvgNik
    EvgNik 12 June 2016 07: 29
    +6
    I remember when Powers was shot down. At school, this was the only discussion. Joy knew no bounds. He brazenly strode across Russia, hoping that we won’t get it.
    1. cap
      cap 12 June 2016 08: 57
      +6
      Quote: EvgNik
      I remember when Powers was shot down. At school, this was the only discussion. Joy knew no bounds. He brazenly strode across Russia, hoping that we won’t get it.


      They got it and judged. Anyone else who wants it? Welcome.
      trial of power
      1. winRAR
        winRAR 12 June 2016 09: 03
        .
        What can you judge a serviceman who carried out the order ???
        1. 1536
          1536 12 June 2016 09: 10
          +15
          The border is inviolable and sacred! Those who cross it illegally are criminals. The law is harsh, but it is a law, dear!
          1. Thunderbolt
            Thunderbolt 12 June 2016 09: 41
            +11
            Quote: winrar
            What can you judge a serviceman who carried out the order ???
            He was tried for espionage (Article 2, “On the criminal liability for state crimes”).
            And here is a letter Khrushchev sent to his spy father:
            I must inform you that your son will be judged by the laws of the Soviet Union. The law is the law, I am not able to intervene in cases that are in the full competence of the court. If you want to come to the Soviet Union to see your son, I am ready to help you in this matter.
            State security of the USSR is not a toy to play.
          2. okunevich_rv
            okunevich_rv 15 June 2016 09: 15
            0
            The costs of hitting a plane crossing the border must be estimated and brought to the country to the culprit through the court.
            True or fiction, but in China, the cartridge used during the execution is paid by relatives.
          3. okunevich_rv
            okunevich_rv 15 June 2016 09: 15
            0
            The costs of hitting a plane crossing the border must be estimated and brought to the country to the culprit through the court.
            True or fiction, but in China, the cartridge used during the execution is paid by relatives.
        2. Proxima
          Proxima 12 June 2016 13: 56
          +4
          Quote: winrar
          What can you judge a serviceman who carried out the order ???

          But what if this soldier is ordered to brutally kill a dozen people? All? Smooth bribes, I don’t know anything - have I been ordered?
        3. opus
          opus 12 June 2016 14: 25
          +5
          Quote: winrar
          What can you judge a serviceman who carried out the order ???

          1. USSR Law on the State Border of the USSR

          20 Article. Violators of the state border of the USSR

          Violators of the state border of the USSR are:

          1) persons who crossed or trying to cross the USSR state border by any means outside checkpoints across the USSR state border or at checkpoints across the USSR state border, but in violation of the rules for crossing it;

          2) persons who have entered or are trying to get into foreign or Soviet vehicles traveling abroad with the aim of illegally leaving the USSR;

          3) foreign non-military ships and warships that entered the territorial waters (territorial sea) of the USSR or the internal waters of the USSR, as well as the Soviet part of the waters of border rivers, lakes and other bodies of water in violation of the established rules for entering these waters. Foreign submarines and other submarines are violators of the USSR state border also in those cases when they cross the USSR state border in an underwater position or are in this position while sailing and staying in the waters of the USSR;

          4) aircraft and other aircraft crossing the USSR state border without the appropriate permission of the Soviet competent authorities or having committed other violations of the rules for flying across the USSR state border.

          Violation of the state border of the USSR is also its intersection by any other technical or other means without proper permission or in violation of the established procedure.



          AS YOU SEE: NOT A WORD ABOUT THE "MILITARY SERVICE" AND NOT A "WORD ABOUT ORDER"

          Now about the responsibility:

          2. Criminal Code of the RSFSR 1960 of the year / Special Part. Chapter 1

          69 Article. Sabotage


          Action or inaction aimed at undermining industry, transport, agriculture, the monetary system, trade or other sectors of the economy, as well government activities or public organizations in order to weaken the Soviet state, if this act is committed through the use of state or public enterprises, institutions, organizations either by counteracting their normal operation-

          is punished by imprisonment for the term from eight up to fifteen years with confiscation of property.
          (as amended by the Law of the RSFSR of 25.07.62)

          83 Article. Violation of the regime of the state border of the Russian Federation

          Intentional crossing The state border of the Russian Federation without valid documents on the right to enter the Russian Federation .....
          The same actions committed repeatedly or by prior conspiracy by a group of persons, -

          shall be punished with imprisonment for the term of from three to five years with or without confiscation of the instruments of crime.

          Intentional violation of established rules: following persons and vehicles from the state border of the Russian Federation to .... transit passage of aircraft through the airspace of the Russian Federation;.... if this an act entailed or could entail grave consequences, -

          punished by imprisonment for a period of up to one year or a fine of up to one hundred minimum wages.
          1. opus
            opus 12 June 2016 14: 27
            +2
            84 Article. Violation of the rules of international flights


            Flight to the CCCR and departure from the USSR without permission, non-observance of the routes, landing places, air gates, altitude specified in the permit, or other violation of the rules of international flights -

            the applicable sentence is deprivation of liberty for a term of from one to ten years or a fine of up to ten times the minimum monthly wage with confiscation of the aircraft or without confiscation.


            I WOULD Boldly ADD:
            85 Article. Violation of traffic safety rules and vehicle operation


            Violation railway, water or air transport traffic safety rules and vehicle operation, resulting in accidents with peoplecrash accident or other serious consequences, as well as poor-quality repair of vehicles, tracks, means of signaling and communication, which entailed the same consequences, -

            shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to fifteen years.

            (our pilot died, the plane is destroyed, the consumption of missiles, haemorrhoids in general, stress before the parade))
            TOTAL:
            8 + 3 + 1 + 5 (from 1 to 10) + 9 (from 3 to 15) + confiscation of the aircraft = 26 years of strict regime + confiscation of the aircraft
            Powers was still given little

            as you can see, everything is according to the Law, as in the USA.
            And I assure you, no ECHR would replay this verdict
            1. fennekRUS
              fennekRUS 13 June 2016 21: 20
              +1
              Quote: opus
              8 + 3 + 1 + 5 (from 1 to 10) + 9 (from 3 to 15) + confiscation of the aircraft = 26 years of strict regime + confiscation of the aircraft

              In the USSR, as now in the Russian Federation, "terms" were not summed up (as in the USA or China). The longest term of punishment absorbs less serious ones.
        4. tolancop
          tolancop 12 June 2016 23: 53
          +1
          Powers was not a soldier at the time of the flight ....
        5. arkadiyssk
          arkadiyssk 14 June 2016 08: 18
          0
          It is during the war that one cannot judge a soldier - a prisoner of war. But in peacetime - this soldier clearly understands that he is going to carry out a criminal order from his superiors (crossing the border, etc.), which means the criminal himself, spies are judged in the same way.
          1. complete zero
            complete zero 14 June 2016 14: 26
            0
            do you think it turns out ... if a soldier (say GRU special forces) performing a mission in a foreign country in peacetime is a criminal?
    2. aba
      aba 7 October 2016 15: 26
      0
      There is one point that is not mentioned in the article. About the inconsistency of air defense and aviation, which led to the death of the Soviet pilot Sergei Safronov, who did not leave the firing zone after the command from the ground and tried to independently reach the target.
  6. svp67
    svp67 12 June 2016 07: 34
    0
    The United States wants to revive active practical flights of the U-2 high-altitude air reconnaissance aircraft that became famous during the Cold War
    Well, then we have something to answer. And not only in terms of the destruction of these airplanes, if they appear in our sky. But also to counter them in the sky with our M-17 or M-55, which seems to be the same time to restart ...
  7. Antiprogressor
    Antiprogressor 12 June 2016 09: 20
    +2
    Quote: winrar
    What can you judge a serviceman who carried out the order ???

    In this case, he is a representative of the state, which is a criminal. It is necessary to show the whole world that the state is being judged. If the one who gave the order refused to replace the subordinate, judge the subordinate.
    In general, a strange logic. Military share oath, entered into an agreement with the state. And now he is on an equal footing with the president on responsibility.
  8. Bongo
    Bongo 12 June 2016 10: 00
    +9
    I did not put the publication "minus", but the author seems to have little command of the subject. At the very beginning, this blooper:
    The United States wants to revive active practical flights of the U-2 high-altitude air reconnaissance aircraft that became famous during the Cold War


    These flights never stopped, their intensity could change, but the U-2 itself was always in service, as evidenced by satellite images of these scouts at aerodromes remote from the United States.

    Satellite image of Google Earth: U-2S high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft at Al-Dafra airbase
    1. Wild Hunt
      Wild Hunt 12 June 2016 10: 56
      +5
      U-2 reconnaissance aircraft Preparing and Taking Off hi
    2. opus
      opus 12 June 2016 14: 40
      +7
      Quote: Bongo
      These flights never stopped, their intensity could change, but the U-2 itself was always in service

      The author probably made a reservation, he meant the accident ...



      after the last 11 years have passed

      And they fly quite often now
      ===========================================

      In general, the author's thought is clear: in the series and flights of the M-55 "geophysics" (55.2)







      can be used to observe the stratosphere, environmental monitoring, photo and radar mapping, darn ozone holes and other tasks in the interests of defense, national economy and science.


      Radar with RSA he needs a new


      Work is underway to create a two-seat aircraft high-altitude surveillance "Geophysics-2", which has improved aerodynamics and an elongated fuselage.

      The thing is useful however
  9. Every
    Every 12 June 2016 10: 20
    0
    Quote: winrar
    What can you judge a serviceman who carried out the order ???


    So, let them fly where they want? After all, they have an order.
    1. AUL
      AUL 12 June 2016 23: 39
      +1
      Their orders on our territory are invalid!
  10. Sergey333
    Sergey333 12 June 2016 10: 21
    0
    Let them fly, from this their old planes will not become newer.
  11. APASUS
    APASUS 12 June 2016 10: 32
    +4
    The whole story with U-2 is more like internal under carpet games with the allocation of funds. Once the funds cannot be allocated to Global Hawk, then you need to try to restore the U-2 having the same equipment. In fact, dragging funds from one basket to another. The military are trying to bypass the program cost savings, I won’t be surprised if in the next year the American media will discuss the creation of a breakthrough spy plane by the Russians and urgently need financial injections to get behind Russia, some $ 20-30 billion
    In the modern theater of war, U-2 is only suitable for flying over the bogeys, where the air defense system is completely absent.
  12. niki233
    niki233 12 June 2016 11: 54
    0
    in addition to the "lady dragon", this plane also had the popular name "black widow" due to the high accident rate and the death of pilots (proof too lazy to look for gulgl for help)
  13. Glaaki
    Glaaki 12 June 2016 12: 15
    +1
    Now they throw me feces, but the SR-71 is really beautiful.
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 12 June 2016 16: 31
      0
      Of course beautiful, why such sad predictions?
  14. Aleksandr1959
    Aleksandr1959 12 June 2016 12: 20
    +5
    Early we abandoned work on the M-55
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 12 June 2016 16: 33
      +1
      After the accident at the beginning of the 90's, the Yak-141 project (1993 g) was also stopped at the same time.
      1. Aleksandr1959
        Aleksandr1959 13 June 2016 21: 04
        +1
        there were two flight accidents. Test pilot Eduard Cheltsov died. Military test pilot Colonel Bukhtoyarov Vladimir Pavlovich ejected in 1998 in Akhtubinsk. When bailout broke his toe.
    2. opus
      opus 12 June 2016 20: 16
      +6
      Quote: Aleksandr1959
      Early we abandoned work on the M-55

      Not abandoned, going to take on the M-55-2
      And M-55 kicked out of Sweden from Sweden




      The M-55 Geofizika aircraft is equipped with two PS-30V-12 engines with a takeoff thrust of 4500 kg. The takeoff weight of the aircraft is 24500 kg. Cruising speed - 740 km / h. The maximum flight range at an altitude of 17000 m is 5000 km. The practical ceiling is 21550 m. When flying at an altitude of 17000 m, the aircraft can stay in the air for up to 6,5 hours, and at an altitude of 21000 m - one hour.


      StratoClim will be without Sweden

      because without M-55 StratoClim project is not possible
      1. Aleksandr1959
        Aleksandr1959 13 June 2016 21: 06
        +1
        The M-55 Geofizika aircraft is equipped with two PS-30V-12 engines with a takeoff thrust of 4500 kg. The takeoff weight of the aircraft is 24500 kg. Cruising speed - 740 km / h. The maximum flight range at an altitude of 17000 m is 5000 km. The practical ceiling is 21550 m. When flying at an altitude of 17000 m, the aircraft can stay in the air for up to 6,5 hours, and at an altitude of 21000 m - one hour.

        Plus, the pilot flies in a spacesuit, which, in my opinion, was converted from the Orlan.
  15. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 12 June 2016 12: 33
    +5
    Losses of U-2 aircraft:
    May 15 1956 of the year U-2A No. 56-6678 crashed during take-off from Groom Lake due to a roll that the pilot did not have time to parry. Pilot Wilburn Rose (Wilburn S. Rose) died.
    On August 31 1956, during a night training flight at U-2A No. 56-6687, pilot Frank G. Grace lost his orientation at the Groom Lake airfield and collided with a telephone line pillar. The plane crashed, the pilot died.
    17 September 1956, the third instance of the U-2A (56-6679), based at the Lindsay airbase (Wiesbaden, Germany) was destroyed in the air. CIA pilot Howard Carey died. U-2 was returning from a reconnaissance flight to the Suez area. Presumably, he was intercepted by a raised alarm group of Canadian Air Force CF-86 fighters and hit their confused track.
    On December 17 of 1956, at U-2A No. 56-6690, during a high-altitude flight over the reservation of the Navajo Indians (northeast Arizona), problems occurred in the oxygen system. CIA pilot Bob Ericson (Bob Ericson) could not fix the problem and jumped with a parachute. The plane crashed.
    On May 15 on 1957, a fire started during a test flight under the RAINBOW program at an altitude of 22 km (72 thousand feet). The pilot's suit was damaged. CIA pilot Robert Sieker lost consciousness. When the pilot came to his senses, he was able to get out of the cockpit, but hit the tail and died. U-2A fell to the ground and burned out near the city of Pioce in Nevada.
    On May 1, 1960 of the year, the U-2 (56-6693), piloted by F. Powers, was shot down in the Sverdlovsk region with the S-75 anti-aircraft missile system of the USSR Air Defense Forces. The pilot left the plane and after landing he was detained, charged with espionage and convicted.
    9 of September 1962 of the Chinese calculation of the S-75 air defense system was shot down in the Nanchang area of ​​the U-2 (56-6711) of the Taiwan Air Force under the command of Huai Chen. The pilot catapulted and died in the hospital.
    On October 27 1962 of the year 18: Moscow time 20 in the region of the city of Banes (Cuba), the Soviet calculation of the S-75 air defense system of Major I. Gerchenov shot down U-2 (56-6676) under the command of R. Anderson. The pilot died.
    On November 1 on November 1963, with the Chinese calculation of the S-75 air defense system, the U-2 (56-6688) of the Taiwan Air Force, piloted by Robin Yeh, was shot down. The pilot catapulted and was detained.
    On July 7 1964, the Chinese calculation of the S-75 air defense system in the Fuyang area shot down the U-2 (56-6695) of the Taiwan Air Force under the command of Li Nanli. The pilot died.
    On January 10 of 1965, with the Chinese calculation of the S-75 air defense system, the U-2 (56-6691) of the Taiwanese Air Force under the command of Chan Lu was shot down southwest of Beijing. The pilot catapulted and was detained. [8]
    The 25 of October 1965 of the Taiwan Air Force U-2C (former US U-2A No. 56-6685, converted to U-2C in 1959) crashed during a training flight over the South China Sea, presumably due to a pilot error. Pilot Pete Wong went missing and declared dead.
    February 25 1966 of the year U-2F No. 56-6675, owned by the CIA, received damage when refueling in the air over California and was decommissioned as irreparable. Pilot Hall survived.
    March 22 1966 of the year U-2D No. 56-6696 under the control of Andy Fan (Taiwan Air Force, first flight to U-2) crashed while landing at Davis-Montan Air Base, Arizona. The pilot ejected and survived, the plane was decommissioned.
    8 October 1966 year U-2B No. 56-6690 US Air Force during the high-altitude flight over North Vietnam received glider damage, there was a strong vibration. The pilot ejected. The plane crashed near Bienhua Air Base.
    8 September 1967 U-2C No. 56-6706 Taiwan Air Force, which made a reconnaissance flight over China, was shot down by a PLA air defense missile in the Jiaxing area. The pilot died.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 12 June 2016 12: 41
      +5
      Quote: avg-mgn
      9 of September 1962 of the Chinese calculation of the S-75 air defense system was shot down in the Nanchang area of ​​the U-2 (56-6711) of the Taiwan Air Force under the command of Huai Chen. The pilot catapulted and died in the hospital.


      More correctly, the SA-75 air defense system is the first modification of the "seventy-five" operating in the 10 cm range. By the way, the "Chinese" were the first to use the "seventy-five", knocking down a high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft, although it was RB-57.
  16. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 12 June 2016 12: 34
    +4
    extension
    16 May 1969 U-2 Taiwan Air Force lost control and fell into the sea while flying along the coast of the Chinese province of Hebei. The pilot died.
    29 May 1975 year U-2C US Air Force No. 56-6700 crashed near Winterberg in Germany. Pilot Robert T. Randleman survived. The plane is decommissioned.
    15 August 1975 year U-2R US Air Force No. 68-10334 crashed in the Gulf of Thailand. Details are unknown.
    7 December 1977 year U-2R US Air Force No. 68-10330 lost its take-off speed and fell on an office building at the British Air Force base Akroitiri (Cyprus). Killed pilot Captain Robert A. Henderson, four military personnel from the base and two local residents.
    31 January 1980 year during a training flight, the pilot of U-2C No. 56-6714 Edward Beaumont lost consciousness. An uncontrolled plane caught on a high voltage power line in the Orovilla area of ​​California. The pilot survived.
    May 22 1984 of the year U-2R No. 68-10333 crashed at the Osan air base (South Korea) due to the destruction of the engine mount. Pilot Dave Bonsey (US Air Force) survived.
    October 8 1984 of the year U-2R No. 80-1075 was lost there, at the Osan airbase. Pilot Thomas Detner (US Air Force) survived.
    15 January 1992 year U-2R No. 68-10332 fell into the Sea of ​​Japan off the coast of Korea. The body of the pilot, US Air Force captain Marty McGregor, was caught by Korean fishermen.
    August 31 1994 of the year U-2R No. 80-1098 when landing in the fog at Osan Air Base (South Korea) rolled out of the runway and caught fire. Pilot Colin Espinosa (US Air Force) managed to get out, the plane was decommissioned.
    On 29 of August 1995 of the year at U-2R of the US Air Force No. 68-10338 after taking off from the British Air Force base, Fairford in Gloucestershire did not separate the left auxiliary landing gear. When landing (the plane made a reconnaissance flight over Bosnia), when the counter touched the strip, it caught fire. Pilot captain Davis Hawkins ejected, but the system did not work properly, Hawkins suffered serious injuries and died in the hospital.
    7 August 1996 year U-2R US Air Force No. 80-1088 crashed in the Orovilla area of ​​California. The pilot catapulted, but died.
    On January 26 2003, U-2S US Air Force No. 80-1095 fell south of Seoul shortly after takeoff from Osan Air Base. The reason is engine failure. The pilot catapulted with minor injuries; three people on the ground were also injured.
    22 June 2005 year U-2S US Air Force No. 80-1082 crashed while landing at Al Dhafra Air Base (UAE), returning from a flight over Afghanistan. The reason is the simultaneous failure of hydraulic systems and power supply. The pilot did not cope with the situation and died.
  17. Yak28
    Yak28 12 June 2016 13: 05
    +1
    The United States wants to reanimate active practical flights of the U-2 high-altitude air reconnaissance aircraft that became famous during the Cold War (ceiling over 21 km). At least the MiGi-25 is operational again. wink
  18. merkava-2bet
    merkava-2bet 12 June 2016 13: 20
    +1
    In general, I don’t understand how a manned reconnaissance plane cheaper to operate, created using the technology of the 50-60s versus an unmanned aerial vehicle, and besides, there pilots are not cheap consumer goods, but high-class guys. Or drank again.
    1. Siberia 9444
      Siberia 9444 12 June 2016 17: 02
      -4
      Yes, just to scare us wink
  19. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 12 June 2016 13: 25
    +2
    Now there is something to get it. At any distance and height. Yes, and the MiG-31 will easily get it. He doesn’t even need rockets, he’ll just fly by - and let this dragonfly try to stay in the air. wassat
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 12 June 2016 16: 28
      +2
      From 1960, it was already possible to get it everywhere. Another thing is that he is not in such places, if possible, of course.
      1. zyablik.olga
        zyablik.olga 14 June 2016 04: 00
        +2
        Quote: Aviator_
        From 1960, it was already possible to get it everywhere. Another thing is that he is not in such places, if possible, of course.
        In 60, only C-25 and C-75 could get it. But there were not many more, and the Su-9 and Su-11 interceptors, but the range of these aircraft left much to be desired.
        1. Simpsonian
          Simpsonian 14 June 2016 04: 22
          0
          Quote: zyablik.olga
          but the range of these aircraft left much to be desired.

          range for the conditions of the USSR in the Far East and in the Far North.
  20. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 12 June 2016 16: 26
    +1
    At altitudes of the order of 20000 m, the piloting technique is very different from the usual one. This was the reason for the termination of our work on the M-55 after the accident. The Americans seem to have problems with Global Hawk, so they reanimate their U-2
  21. Backfire
    Backfire 13 June 2016 16: 15
    0
    Quote: techie
    Well, such spies are welcome to visit us. Our air defense practice is also useful. Let the Powers robe try on themselves there (if it comes to the robe, it’s something). We will exchange, if anything, for Vitya Buta; wrong that he is sitting with amers ..
  22. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 13 June 2016 22: 16
    +1
    maybe of course I’m going to show myself to someone quite loshara..but after all the Americans have a lot of satellites ... don’t they see what they see planes? or did I blurt out something?
    1. complete zero
      complete zero 14 June 2016 14: 22
      0
      satellites do not "shine through" everywhere they walk in certain orbits)))
  23. complete zero
    complete zero 14 June 2016 14: 20
    0
    while Migi 31 is on duty at our airfields (really the PRIDE of the SOVIET-RUSSIAN AIRLINES) ... no tv.a.r. will fly to us (well, if it’s a dope))