Military Review

Production of helicopters in Kazan

Kazan Helicopter Plant is a world-famous manufacturer of helicopters of the Mi-8 family, which are operated in more than 100 countries of the world. A wide range of modifications of these helicopters are produced: transport, passenger, rescue, airborne transport, and many others.

Two days ago, as part of Neforum, we visited the KHP with a small company of bloggers and looked at the production.
We were already here a narrower circle in the 2013 year, my report can be seen here.

Russian-made helicopters made in Kazan accumulated a total of more than 50 million flight hours around the world.

For all history the existence of KVZ over 12 000 helicopters Mi-4, Mi-8, Mi-14, Mi-17, Ansat and their modifications delivered to 100 countries of the world.

KVZ It is the only enterprise in the industry that carries out the full cycle of helicopter engineering from development and serial production to after-sales support of personnel training and repairs.

With 1997, the KVZ has a developer certificate for helicopter technology: today, the Ansat light twin-engine helicopter is in production.


In 2015, KVZ turned 75 years old. The history of the plant began in September 1940, when the Leningrad aviation plant number 387. Later, the plant was later evacuated to Kazan and merged with the factory of the observable parts No. 169.

During the Great Patriotic War, the company manufactured about 10,5 for the front, thousands of Po-2 biplanes - the “light cavalry” of the Soviet army. Every tenth combat aircraft produced by the aviation industry of the USSR during the years of the Great Patriotic War was assembled here.

The rich history of the plant mirrors the history of a great country: actively involved in the post-war restoration of the national economy, the plant produced more than 1947 the country's first self-propelled C-1951 combine harvesters in 9000-4 years.

In 1951, the KVZ began production of Mi-1 helicopters - this was the first mass production of rotary-wing vehicles in the USSR.
The Mi-4 helicopter, manufactured at the plant since 1954, was the first domestic helicopter exported. In 1965, the company began to manufacture the Mi-8 - the most popular and popular of all Mi-series helicopters.

In 1966, Plant No. 387 was renamed to Kazan Helicopter Plant. In 1973, the plant mastered the production of the Mi-14 amphibious helicopter, which was widely used in naval aviation.

Despite the objective difficulties in the development of the Russian aviation industry in 90, the plant was transformed into an open joint-stock company, received the right to enter the international market, which made it possible to begin re-equipment of production, introduce new technologies for processing materials and assembling units of complex geometry. In 2007, the Kazan Helicopter Plant entered the Russian Helicopters holding.

Model range of the enterprise


In 1993, the plant decides to expand its product line. To this end, a design bureau is created in 1996, and the plant receives a license to develop helicopter equipment. The creation of Ansat is hard to overestimate: it is a symbol of the revival of Russian engineering and the industrial potential of Russia.

Ansat is a light multi-purpose helicopter of its own design by the Kazan Helicopter Plant. The helicopter program is actively developing in two directions: military and civil.

The Ansat-U training helicopter is purchased by the Russian Ministry of Defense for flight schools and combat training centers and is being supplied in series.

With the help of quick-detachable equipment, the Ansat universal helicopter can be quickly re-equipped to perform a wide range of tasks: cargo delivery, passenger transportation, search and rescue operations, patrolling, fire fighting, emergency medical assistance.

At the beginning of 2015, the KVZ announced another success: the civilian version of the Ansat helicopter from the hydromechanical control system received an addition to the type certificate of the aviation register of the IAC, which allows passenger transportation in the commercial market.

Also during the year, additions were received to the certificate for the sanitary rescue option and the VIP lounge version.
At the end of 2015, the sustainability improvement system is certified.

In May, Russian helicopters holding 2015, Rostec State Corporation, concluded two contracts for the supply of Ansat helicopters.
The first customers of the five new helicopters were the Tatarstan airline Tulpar Helicopters and Aviation Industrial Company VECTOR.

And the other day the holding announced that the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tatarstan will become the first customer of the medical version of Ansat.

Mi 38

Holding "Helicopters of Russia" at the end of 2015 received a type certificate for a multi-purpose transport helicopter of medium capacity Mi-38, designed by a Moscow helicopter by the Mil plant.
The certificate confirms the compliance of the standard design of the helicopter with the requirements of the Russian and foreign aviation standards. In 2016, the car has been launched into mass production and will be introduced to the Russian market.

The first fuselage of the serial Mi-38 has already been assembled at the KVZ. It is worth noting that all the main systems and components of the helicopter are Russian-made.

The Russian Ministry of Defense, jointly with the Russian Helicopters JSC, in May 2016 decided on the procedure and timing for the arrival of Mi-38 helicopters in the Russian Federation Air Force. The possibility of laying down the helicopter’s supplying parameters determined by the decision in the draft of the next armament program is being worked out.

Photos from the May exhibition Heli Russia.

Mi-8 / 17

The versatility and high flight performance made the Mi8 / 17 family of helicopters one of the most common helicopters in the world. The company is constantly working on the development and improvement of the program.

At present, the KVZ is in serial production of three main modifications:

Mi-172 - passenger modification, intended for the carriage of passengers. Special VIP versions are also available.

Mi-8МТВ-5 (Mi-17-В5) is a transport modification designed to transport cargo inside the cab and on the external suspension. It can be used for transportation of rescuers.

Mi-8MTV-1 (Mi-17-1В) is a multi-purpose modification, based on which helicopters of various purpose, including a flying hospital, are manufactured.

At the end of 2015, KVZ's revenue amounted to about 50 billion rubles. Net profit over 12 billion. Rub. More than 5 billion taxes were transferred to the budget of the Republic of Tatarstan. The average salary at KVZ was more than 40 thousand rubles.

Economic success indicators would have been impossible without the implementation of the modernization and technical re-equipment program of the plant approved by the company's Board of Directors in 2007.

Last year, the plant invested more than 2 billion. 600 thousand. Rub. In modernization.
Recently completed the modernization of warehousing, logistics. A new building of the paint shop was opened at the junction of 2014 and 2015; In August, just before the anniversary, a new aggregate assembly shop was launched.

By the end of the year, the delivery of a number of buildings was completed: composite production shops where fiberglass blades are manufactured for both Ansat and Mi-38.
The case for dynamic tests was handed over, which allowed us to significantly strengthen the bench base.
The construction of a completely new electroplating industry was started.

In total, it is planned to spend more than 12 on the program of reconstruction and modernization of production. billion rubles

The KVZ has one of the best mechanized processing facilities in the country, which is equipped with high-precision and high-performance equipment, which incorporates advanced machining technologies. Due to this, labor productivity in this production has increased in 3-4 times, the quality of the manufactured components has significantly improved.

Flight testing continues on the KVZ airfield even on Saturday.


VIP lounge

Entrance through the cargo compartment.

Also, bloggers looked to try furniture in the role of a helicopter pilot, flying a Mi-8MTV simulator.

Workplace of the inctor.

russos takes off from the runway in Adler.

At the end of the flight, all the "pilots" were given a certificate of airworthiness.

And we thank for the excursion of the director of marketing and sales of the KHP Valery Alexandrovich Pashko and certainly Galina and Vlad from the press service.

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  1. tradizia
    tradizia 11 June 2016 06: 42
    Well done Tatars, you can’t say anything!
    1. Pavel1
      Pavel1 11 June 2016 07: 48
      "Caution microwave" is a strong, straight beam weapon.
  2. R-22
    R-22 11 June 2016 07: 25
    Dear tradizia, are you a separatist?
  3. Sergey333
    Sergey333 11 June 2016 07: 49
    Yes, a custom laudatory article, a bunch of beautiful pictures showing stopped production. Do you bloggers showed the plant on holiday? Where are the crowds of workers doing work? There are about 10000 employees at this enterprise. Only in one photo is a worker doing nothing.
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 11 June 2016 09: 08
      A normal factory, and workers are being taken out of the frame for photography for a long time. Here is Green Dol, by the way, the same report.
  4. seti
    seti 11 June 2016 09: 16
    Quote: Sergey333
    Yes, a custom laudatory article, a bunch of beautiful pictures showing stopped production. Do you bloggers showed the plant on holiday? Where are the crowds of workers doing work? There are about 10000 employees at this enterprise. Only in one photo is a worker doing nothing.

    Well, if nobody was there, this does not mean that there are all parasites. Or do you need to spit in every wheelchair? The number of helicopters and what is shown in the photo is impressive. And the fact that I constantly hear about new arrivals to our VKS and for export, that it pays not small taxes means that the plant is working and it is working impressive.
    1. Sergey333
      Sergey333 11 June 2016 12: 46
      I don’t spit in the pot, but I am stating a fact: the plant has been down for more than 2 months, workers are being laid off (1,5 thousand). We are their subcontractors, from them there are exactly "0" orders for spare parts. "-" my article for the extremely unfair work of "bloggers" and an idealized assessment of the situation.
  5. donavi49
    donavi49 11 June 2016 09: 18
    The plant now has serious problems, as in Ulan-Ude. GOZ on Mi-8 has been executed for the most part, as are large export orders. In Kazan, there are now solid 40 helicopters until the end of the 2017 year, while the full load of 100 per year. Ulan-Ude is about the same.

    This also affects the release of BP - in the peak 2013, they punched 300 cars a year, in 2014 and 2015 there was a decline, and in 2016 there will already be less than 200 cars a year.

    Thus, Since July, Kazan has been transferring 4% of employees to the 30-day.
    Kazan Helicopter Plant to reduce work schedule in summer

    The problem of loading orders for individual enterprises exists and the transition to a reduced working time regime while maintaining the number of employees in a number of workshops is one of the optimal solutions for the plant in the current conditions, the holding added. Russian Helicopters Holding is considering the possibility of introducing a part-time regime for some KVZ workshops to ensure uninterrupted execution of the state defense order and to preserve the personnel potential of the enterprise and the number of employees.

    The Russian Helicopters information says that the possibility of introducing a part-time regime for some KVZ workshops “to ensure uninterrupted execution of the state defense order and maintain the personnel potential of the enterprise and the number of employees” is being considered.

    Due to the reduction in orders, the company switches to 4-day. In July Kazan Helicopter Plant will transfer 30% of employees to a part-time four-day work week due to a decrease in the volume of orders. The measure will allow for the optimization of expenses for a period of low liquidity.
  6. Vadim237
    Vadim237 11 June 2016 17: 32
    Interesting tax on a helicopter now how much?
    1. APASUS
      APASUS 11 June 2016 20: 43
      Quote: Vadim237
      Interesting tax on a helicopter now how much?

      Aircraft with jet engines (per kilogram of thrust) - 20 rubles
      Helicopters and other aircraft with engines (with each horsepower) - 25 rubles »Taxes and Taxation» Tax System of the Russian Federation »

      So count on your helicopter
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 11 June 2016 23: 21
        It turns out almost 89000 a year - something somehow small for Ka 62.
  7. Idiot
    Idiot 12 June 2016 20: 45
    In the summer of 89th he served in Kazan, in the ShMAS. On Clara Zetkin Street we were taken to the bathhouse on Saturdays, past the factory gates. A couple of times they were involved in cleaning metal shavings in workshops (a soldier can no longer be trusted and then under supervision). There were huge, 3 meters in diameter, coils of metal sheets ...