26 May 2016 An initiative to adopt amendments to the Code of Administrative Offenses and the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation was made by a member of the Federation Council from the Novosibirsk region Nadezhda Boltenko. According to the senator, it is necessary to introduce administrative and criminal liability for parents with minor children and not working without good reason. This measure will allow, as the senator believes, to increase the responsibility of parents in the upbringing and maintenance of children and will become an obstacle to social dependency that is widespread in modern society.
The proposed amendments provide in the form of punishment for evasion from employment for parents of minor children fines or community service. According to the senator, the example of non-working parents has a bad effect on the upbringing of the younger generations of Russians, which is why such measures are suggested - sort of because of concern for the “moral health of children”. It is also proposed to expand the scope of the article of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, which provides for punishment for failure to fulfill the obligations of parenting. The initiator of the amendments believes that it is necessary to punish and for failure to fulfill obligations for the maintenance of children, and to punish them strictly - from a fine of 100 thousand rubles to imprisonment for a term of five years.
Naturally, the proposal to introduce such radical measures against non-working parents provoked a strong reaction in society and attracted the attention of the Russians to the figure of Madame Boltenko herself. Nadezhda Nikolaevna Boltenko is almost sixty years old - she was born in the 1957 year in the Tula region, but her whole active life is connected with the Novosibirsk region. Here, the future senator graduated from the Medical Institute with a degree in pediatrician in 1980. However, Nadezhda Nikolaevna worked as a doctor for only ten years - already in 1990, the 33-year-old pediatrician, on the recommendation of the chief doctors of the Zaeltsovsky district of the Novosibirsk region, was elected a deputy to the district council. Two years later, Boltenko received an appointment as head of the district health department of the Zaeltsovsky administration. Since 1994, Nadezhda Boltenko is a permanent deputy at various levels. For over twenty years she has been working in the legislative and local government bodies. 1994, 1996, 2000, 2005, and 2010 Nadezhda Boltenko was elected a deputy of the Novosibirsk City Council. When in 2004 there was a separation of the posts of the chairman of the city council and the mayor of Novosibirsk, Boltenko was elected the chairman of the city council. She was re-elected to this post in 2010, and in October 2014 became a member of the Federation Council - a representative of the executive body of the Novosibirsk region.
Thus, we can say that Nadezhda Boltenko is a professional legislator. She has devoted more than twenty years of her life to this hard work. Who, if not a deputy, should know the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the fundamental law of our country, better than other citizens, and also have an idea of basic human rights enshrined in the relevant international documents. The Constitution of the Russian Federation in Article 37 states: “Labor is free. Everyone has the right to freely dispose of their abilities to work, to choose the type of activity and profession. 2. Forced labor is prohibited. ” Accordingly, the current Constitution does not allow amending, implying forced labor of citizens. By the way, the senator from the Omsk region Elena Mizulina paid attention to this. She stressed that the proposal is contrary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, since forced labor is prohibited in the country.
Meanwhile, the proposal Boltenko, aimed at imposing sanctions against non-working Russians - is not the first such idea. In the past 2015, deputies of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg made a similar proposal. St. Petersburg deputies proposed to introduce into the Russian legislation a punishment in the form of correctional labor for up to a year for citizens of the country who evade employment. According to the proposed amendment, citizens who have not worked for more than six months if they have a suitable job will be considered as parasites. Exceptions to the amendment were provided only for minors, the disabled, parents of disabled children and women with children under the age of 14, as well as some other categories. The authors of the amendment believed that its introduction would facilitate the registration of Russians at labor exchanges, since at present almost none of the non-working citizens officially register their status. However, this project has been seriously criticized. State Duma deputy from the United Russia faction Andrei Isaev even noted that the State Duma will not consider such amendments as they contradict the Russian Constitution. Earlier, in 2013, the Kemerovo Governor Aman Tuleyev proposed to punish for lodging, who was outraged by a large number of unemployed citizens in the presence of numerous vacancies in the employment centers of the population.
Russian politicians are haunted by the experience of neighboring Belarus. 2 April 2015 of the Republic of Belarus signed Decree No. 3 “On the Prevention of Social Dependency” - “Tax on Carrion”, “Tax on the Unemployed”. The initiator of the introduction of measures in respect of non-working citizens was President Alexander Lukashenko himself. Having heard the information of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the republic about a large number of citizens not participating in the formation of the state budget of the country, Lukashenko stressed that one should not reject the experience of the Soviet period in stories country. In accordance with the decree, citizens of Belarus who are not participating in the financing of the calendar day 183 budget are required to pay tax in the amount of 20 basic values. The decree led to a sharp increase in the number of registered unemployed. Most likely, in the case of the introduction of any similar taxes in the Russian Federation, there will also be an increase in the number of citizens registered with employment centers as unemployed. Well, the “professional non-working” from the number of asocial elements, alcoholics and drug addicts, will not work either and will not work, but they will not pay any taxes either - it is almost impossible to get utility payments for them.
The very fact of constantly raising the topic of imposing sanctions for “parasitism” against non-working Russians indicates that this option is really being discussed in political circles, as well as many other unpopular measures, such as raising the retirement age. But if raising the retirement age is almost an issue, in the case of responsibility for non-working Russians, it is more difficult. Firstly, the responsibility for “lasciviousness” in a capitalist society, in which such types of earnings as bank interest, renting real estate, and so on, looks absurd. Society is unlikely to be ready to take such a strange measure. Moreover, it is not very clear against whom it is directed. Those people who cannot find a job are unlikely to find it after the introduction of such laws, and how non-working people will pay fines for thousands of 100 is also not very clear. In addition, it is doubtful that the sanctions offered by Ms. Boltenko are dictated by taking care of children. In the end, a non-working parent and a parent who is in prison are completely different situations. The welfare of a family with non-working parents and the fine imposed on 100 thousand rubles will not add to their wealth. It turns out that problem families that are on the verge of poverty will be driven into an even more difficult life situation, which will inevitably affect the well-being of the children themselves, which the policies that the introduction of this measure looks like care about.
However, in the proposals voiced by the deputies there is a certain rational meaning - the state thus seeks to combat tax evasion. It is not a secret that millions of Russians work without official registration and receive “gray salaries” in envelopes. Formally, such people are considered “temporarily non-working”, do not pay taxes and contributions to pension funds. In the case of the introduction of liability "for parasitism," they may be obliged to pay some kind of tax. As a result, people will have three options of action - either not to pay the tax and be liable “for lasciviousness”, or to pay the assigned tax without a repudiation as idle, or require official registration from the owner of the company. The possibility of introducing a “social payment” for able-bodied categories of Russian citizens who do not work, but are not registered in the center of employment of the population as unemployed, is being discussed. Deputy head of Rostrud, Mikhail Ivankov, noted that a similar payment may be levied on all citizens of Russia, except for officially employed, registered unemployed, students, retirees and a number of other categories. In society, this “social payment”, the introduction of which is discussed by domestic politicians, has already been nicknamed the “poverty tax”. And, I must say, quite correctly nicknamed. After all, a wealthy person, even if he does not work, will find a way to avoid the stigma of the “parasite” - he can register individual entrepreneurs and find employment with fake. And what about those who really can not find a job? Among the potential unemployed, the first candidates are young specialists who have recently graduated from educational institutions and who are not able to find a job because employers everywhere require “work experience in this position”.
In the Soviet Union there was a system of distribution of young specialists in most specialties (only some of the specialties of the humanities did not have a distribution). Now there is neither a distribution system, nor opportunities for universal employment of the population. Therefore, all these measures will lead to the fact that millions of Russian citizens, who are interrupted by random and temporary earnings, will be subject to sanctions “for parasitism. This measure will only embitter the broad masses of the country's population, which will adversely affect the social and political stability of the modern Russian state and may later lead to completely unpredictable events.
At the same time, both politicians and ordinary people who support the introduction of responsibility for “parasitism” like to refer to the huge number of vacancies allegedly available in each employment center. They say that people, if they have work, do not want to work and refuse to work. But after all, engineers and teachers, doctors and translators studied in higher educational institutions and improved their professional skills not to go to the first vacant job of a janitor or a loader, dishwasher or caretaker. In addition, the majority of vacancies offered by employment centers of the population, suggest at least modest, and even frankly subsistence wages. Before blaming non-working people for “lazing around” and specifically refusing to work, it would be nice to create full-fledged jobs with a normal salary, allowing people to at least fully cover the costs of food, utility bills, the purchase of necessary clothing, medicines, household utensils. In addition, from a moral and ethical point of view, there is doubt and justification for the requirements for ordinary citizens to take up poorly paid work, when some categories of Russians have the opportunity not to work and have super-profits at the expense of rent, but they will not be considered “parasites”, will be included in the category of individual entrepreneurs.
The proposal to impose sanctions on non-working citizens, if we analyze the publications and comments on social networks, caused a sharply negative reaction from the majority of the population. Moreover, if representatives of the older generation - elderly pensioners who have lived in the Soviet Union and who still do not understand and accept modern reality, still have a positive idea of introducing responsibility for non-working citizens, the most active segments of society - young people and middle-aged citizens - accept such offers with bewilderment. If there is a need to improve taxation and remove hidden incomes from the “shadow”, then other mechanisms can be developed than offering sentences for lack of work. In any case, in difficult socio-economic conditions, given the presence of numerous foreign opponents and competitors who want to destabilize the situation in the country, ideas and proposals that could lead to an explosion of social discontent are extremely dangerous for the Russian state.