Military Review

Spiritual warfare Trail of the Jesuits in Syria. Part of 1

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Spiritual warfare Trail of the Jesuits in Syria. Part of 1



Who would have thought that in Ukraine, women and children would throw up their hands in a Nazi salute and gain a new faith. Jesuit faith. And in Latvia they will forget that they have written since ancient times in Russian.



In pursuit of the number of Christians baptized, the Jesuits went on everything. They changed the Catholic ritual, so that the new believers saw in it as little as possible the differences from the rites of the local religions. Pretty often the baptized were still allowed to visit the "pagan" temples. The Jesuits themselves willingly dressed up in the costumes of the priests. The Catholic religious books, prayers, and hymns written specifically for these countries were modeled on the books and prayers of local cults that were familiar to the population. This adaptation was initiated by Francis Xavier, and his followers in some ways went much further. Already in 1570, they said that almost 200 000 of the Japanese “saved the souls” of the Japanese, not counting women and children.

Such feats were sometimes arranged with democratic formalities: for example, in 1688, the pope received from 200 thousands of Siamese people a petition about their adherence to the Catholic religion. Of course, this method was easier than the difficult and dangerous trips of Francis Xavier in the vast Asian territories.

The Catholic Church highly appreciated the merit of this king of missionaries, who for ten years traveled about 50 000 kilometers. He was declared a wonderworker. He officially received the right to be called the apostle of India and Japan. In 1622, he was proclaimed saint on the same day as Ignatius Loyola. In Goa, he erected a monument.

The size of the income of the Jesuit order from missionary work can be judged by the fact that the Jesuits, who settled in China in the XVI-XVII centuries, lent local merchants money for huge percentages - from 25 to 100 percent. We can also mention the report of the Canadian Governor Colbert, written in 1672: he wrote that Jesuit missionaries are more concerned about the extraction of beaver hides than about their preaching. A fifth of all slaves on Spanish plantations in Chile in the 18th century belonged to the Jesuits. In 1697, General Martin, who served in the French forces in India, wrote in the report as something that goes without saying: "It is known that the most extensive trade after the Dutch is the Jesuits." Complaining that Jesuit trade caused great damage to the French East India Company, he added: “In a large squadron, which arrived in 1690 from France to Asia, the 58 brought heavy bales, the smallest of which was larger than the largest companion. In such bales were expensive European goods that could be sold well in the East Indies. And in general, not a single ship comes here from Europe, on which there was no baggage for the Jesuits ”(quote from Theodore Griesinger’s book, Jesuits. Full история their obvious and secret deeds from the base of the order to the present. T.1, p. 330-332).

Griesinger also wrote: “Some of them are in India, embraced by genuine zeal for spreading the Gospel, but they are known to be very few, and they do not know the secrets of society. But there are still real Jesuits, although they cannot be noticed because they are disguised. These Jesuits intervene and know everything about those who have the best goods. They recognize each other by certain signs and they all act according to the same plan, so the saying “how many heads, so many minds” are not applicable to these priests, because the spirit of all Jesuits is always the same, and it does not change, especially in trade affairs ”.

Nowadays, directly earning income from missionary activity is no longer as important a task of the Jesuit order as in those distant times. Modern Jesuit missions are created as supporting bases of European and American spheres of influence. The number of Jesuit missionaries is growing every year.



In addition to its many lower and secondary schools, the Jesuits founded even colonies in colonial and dependent countries. For example, in Syria before the Second World War, 433 French missionary schools had 46 500 students in 1875. In addition, hundreds of Catholic schools were founded there by American and other missions — organs of warring intelligence agencies from different countries. In Beirut, back in XNUMX, the Jesuits opened their “University of Saint Joseph”, which has medical, pharmaceutical and law faculties. At the university there were teachers' and engineering institutes, as well as a higher school of dentists.

Back in 1660, the Jesuit Jean Besson published in Paris an interesting book "Holy Syria", in which he gave a detailed overview of the entire eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea on five hundred pages. Along with the mass of materials interesting to French merchants and diplomats, the book is full of all sorts of background information for missionaries, and Jesuits in this area, as can be seen from the title of the book, are depicted in the most laudatory tones.

Thus, under the guise of enlightenment, Jesuits have long established their agents for propaganda and espionage in the most diverse sections of the population of those countries where they manage to penetrate.

Interestingly, in the 40 of the 20th century, the Vatican, in order to retain its position in the colonial countries, actually canceled the decisions of the former Roman popes, who condemned the participation of Catholics in pagan rites allowed by the Jesuits. For example, in 1645, 1656, 1710 and 1930, the pope prohibited the Catholics of Asia from adhering to the customs of the Confucian religion (this was achieved by the monks of the orders competing with the Jesuits). However, in 1940, the Vatican "Congregation for the Propaganda of the Faith" announced that Chinese Catholics are allowed to attend religious ceremonies in honor of Confucius, have his portraits in Catholic schools and participate in Confucian funeral rites.

Earlier, the Catholics of Japan and Manchuria received such permission from the Pope.

All these measures were taken to make the Chinese and other peoples of Asia a transition to Catholicism easy and not embarrassing novelty rites. In 1810, there were 200 000 Catholics in China, in 1841, in 320 000, in 1928, in 2 439 000, in 1937, in 2 936 175, and in 1939, in 3 182 XNUM.

An extensive intelligence network was created. For example, in 1954, a certain Lacretel, a Frenchman, the head of the Jesuits who had been based in Shanghai, was expelled from the People's Republic of China: he was exposed to spying, to spread provocative rumors, and so on.

Island states were also not ignored. The Vatican unconditionally preferred the Jesuits. So, it was the Jesuits that Pope Benedict XV entrusted missionary activity on the islands in the South Pacific that belonged to Germany before the First World War in 1921. The Jesuits first appeared there as early as 1667. In the very first year, they dubbed 13 000 islanders. After five years, the number of converts reached 30 000. However, after the Jesuits were expelled from Spain and replaced in missions by Augustinians and Capuchins in 1767, the missions went sluggish. In 1910, there was only a Catholic 5 324. Over 10 years, this number increased to 7 388 people. The Jesuits, who were transferred there from Japan in 1921, in the very first three years far surpassed everything that their predecessors had done over the decades: in 1924-1928, the number of Catholics rose from 11 000 to 17 230, and by 1939, to 21 180. Thus, in less than twenty years, their number here has almost tripled.

These missions, located on the Karolinsky, Marshalsky and Mariana Islands, which were of great strategic importance during the Second World War, served the Japanese armed forces who were at that time in the Pacific.



During the entire war, the Japanese government paid these Jesuit missionaries for their political and intelligence services a lot of money - as if to build schools. But they failed to defeat the Soviet soldiers.



After the war, the situation has not changed. “The successes of the national liberation movement in the Far East and South-West Asia,” wrote the newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda 7 in January 1951 of the year, caused concern to the Vatican, which took a number of measures to strengthen its spy network in these countries. In October, a meeting of representatives of missions working in Korea, China, Indo-China, and Indonesia took place in Rome 1950.

The leaders of the Vatican intelligence decided to replenish their ranks by recruiting pilgrims arriving from all countries to Rome in connection with the celebration of the so-called "holy year." According to the French newspaper "Action", the general of the Jesuit Order Janssens is directly involved in recruiting for the information service of the Vatican, whose attention is mainly attracted by Catholics from Korea, Indo-China and Indnesia. According to the newspaper, pilgrims are abducted, taken to a special room, where they are trying by all means to obtain their consent to cooperate with their intelligence. ”

Similar implementation has been proceeding gradually in other countries.

Until about the middle of the 14th century, the Orthodox in Lithuania did not tolerate religious oppression. The Christian religion of the Russian population corresponded to the feudal relations that developed in Lithuania. Orthodoxy spread among Lithuanians both among the people and the ruling elite (until the end of the 14th century there were sixteen Orthodox princes in Lithuania). In these lands, Russian law and the Russian language were quickly inculcated; the most important state documents of Lithuania were written then in Russian (Boris Grekov, “Peasants in Russia”, book 1, second edition, M., 1952 year, p. 252-253).



Catholicism had no spread in Lithuania for a long time; moreover, Catholic monks, who had made their way there from the west, often became victims of cruel reprisals. This is understandable: after all, under the banner of Catholicism were the enemies of the Lithuanian and Russian peoples - “knightly dogs”. Under this banner was German aggression to the east. What kind of terror she carried with her, show the ancient chronicles, for example, "The Chronicle of Livonia" by Heinrich of Latvia.



This was the case until the Lithuanian princes began to seek rapprochement with the Polish kings and thus opened the Jesuits a wide road to Lithuania. Immediately, attempts began to force the reunification of the Catholic and Orthodox churches under the Vatican leadership.

He was the first to undertake to help the Roman popes in these attempts the Lithuanian Grand Duke Jagiello (reigned from 1377 of the year), who was Orthodox at first, but then, in political terms, converted to Catholicism, signed an agreement with Poland and adopted the title of the Polish king. He established the first Catholic episcopacy in Vilna, provided the Lithuanian Catholics with legal advantages, began to build churches. In one of his letters, it was said: “We judged, resolved, promised, obliged and, upon accepting the saints, gave an oath to all the people of the Lithuanian people of both sexes, in whatever their rank, condition and rank, to bring the Roman Catholic faith and obedience to the Roman Church , attract and by all means join ”(M. Koyalovich,“ Lithuanian Church Union ”, t. 1386, M., 1 year, p. 1859).



To all Russians who did not want to convert to Catholicism, Yagailo forbade marriage with Catholics and hold public office. The Catholic clergy got him a place in the senate.



The positions of Catholicism were especially strengthened when Stefan Batory (who reigned from 1576 to 1586 years) became king of the Polish-Lithuanian state and, having converted to Catholicism like Yagailo, began to patronize the Society of Jesus in every possible way. He liked to repeat: “If I were not a king, I would be a Jesuit” (quoted from the book by Nikolai Lyubovich “To the history of Jesuits in the Lithuanian-Russian lands in the 16th century”, M., 1888 year, p. 28). He equated their Vilna collegium with his rights with the famous Krakow University and turned it into an academy. Taking Polotsk in 1579, he immediately founded a Jesuit college there, for which he received special thanks from the papal nuncio Caligari (from the book Monuments of Cultural and Diplomatic Relations of Russia and Italy, t. 1, issue 1, L., 1925 year, p. 71).

From 1587 to 1632 years reigned Sigismund III - a graduate of the Jesuit Skargi Varshevitsky, rector of the Vilna Jesuit Academy. Mentioned Skarga became the confessor of this king. No wonder Sigismund called himself "the Jesuit king." Under him, the oppression of the Ukrainian and Belarusian peoples unfolded to its fullest extent. It was under his rule that the Brest Church Union took place.

In Lithuania and Poland there was a so-called patronage: every feudal lord sovereignly disposed of the church institutions that were on his lands. The main feudal lords were kings. They gave away churches and monasteries. Having the right only to approve bishops, the kings directly appointed them: for example, it is known that, in his whim, Batory made bishops two laity, and once gave the Catholic the important Orthodox priesthood. The Polish king Sigismund-August in 1551, during the lifetime of Metropolitan Macarius of Kiev, issued a formal guarantee to his close Belkevich on receiving the dignity of Metropolitan as soon as Makariy died. Belkevich was a secular man. He accepted monasticism after he became a metropolitan under the name of Sylvester. In 1588, Sigismund III granted the Mstislavsky Onufriev Monastery in the possession of Prince Ozeretsky-Drutsky for life - a man who was also clearly secular, he was just about to go into the clergy, as the royal literacy said.

The peculiar organizations that did a lot of useful work in the struggle for liberation were the so-called fraternities. They have long emerged in cities as organizations for charity and joint meals, and in the 15th and 16th centuries they began to seriously influence the selection of clergy and its activities, and often entered into conflicts with them.
Brotherhoods were centers of cultural life of the Belarusian and Ukrainian peoples. When they were school and printing. In Vilna, Zabludov, Lviv and Ostrog, Russian pioneer printer Ivan Fedorov worked at the fraternal printing houses.



In 1586, in Lviv, one of the churches opened a school (later outstanding) of the Slavic and Greek languages, and with it the printing-house “Slovenian and Waltz letters”. It was shortly after the Lublin ounce and only ten years before Brest.

To be continued ...
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  1. V.ic
    V.ic 8 June 2016 06: 18
    +8
    Some Jesuit nevertheless minus the article. The article is a definite plus. The Jesuits are not brothers to us!
    1. potroshenko
      potroshenko 8 June 2016 11: 38
      -2
      The article is like a propaganda brochure. All faiths have been an instrument of the spread of power at all times.
  2. CONTROL
    CONTROL 8 June 2016 07: 14
    +6
    Passed, go, for historical and semantic inaccuracies ...
    Firstly: in Japan and India they adopted the Catholic - and at the same time the Orthodox! - faith Buddhists and Lamaists (almost the same thing ...); and Buddhism is not a religion at all, it allows you to accept any faith - or several!, while remaining a Buddhist. So - the victory of the Jesuits in this matter is doubtful!
    But the fact that they spied notably - for those who pay the most - this is very characteristic of the Jesuits! Loving money is one of the deadly sins erected by the Jesuits in the valor and dignity of faith! So, according to the canons of Christianity - as religion - the Jesuits are still notorious heretics ... welcomed by Catholicism and the Pope at the same time! So who is the Christian? Catholic (heretic) or Orthodox? ...
    Mercantilism, to one degree or another, is inherent in Catholicism to a large extent; in which it is far from always possible to blame Orthodoxy ...
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 8 June 2016 09: 55
      0
      Quote: CONTROL
      Firstly: in Japan and India they adopted the Catholic - and at the same time the Orthodox! - faith

      What is it like? Two "in one bottle" or what?
      Quote: CONTROL
      Buddhists and Lamaists (almost the same thing ...)

      Is it? Even in Russia "Old Believers" and "Nikonians" seem to be Orthodox, but the ritual is different.
    2. Rarog
      Rarog 9 June 2016 17: 48
      +2
      Quote: CONTROL
      Go, for historical and semantic inaccuracies ...


      Inaccuracies include this part of the story:
      From 1587 to 1632 Sigismund III reigned - a pupil of the Jesuit Skarga Varszewicki, rector of the Vilnius Jesuit Academy. Mentioned Skarga became the confessor of this king. No wonder Sigismund called himself the "Jesuit King." With him oppression Ukrainian and Belarusian peoples turned around in full breadth. It was in his reign that the Brest Church Union took place.


      Still, there were no Ukrainians or Belarusians there, but there were Russian people living outside the territory of Rus. It's time to stop dividing the Russian people into three nations. We need to unite, even if it is not possible now, but we need to think about the future, and the ancient "Ukrainians and Belarusians" in the historical sense, we only divide our people more.
      1. dkflbvbh
        dkflbvbh 10 June 2016 10: 33
        0
        You speak the truth ...
  3. Basil50
    Basil50 8 June 2016 07: 25
    +10
    Until now, all insidiousness is measured by the Jesuits. It is interesting to read with churchmen about * purity of thoughts * or about * sincere faith *. In the nineties in RUSSIA, the church proved to be quite a commercial office. The clergy of RUSSIA have brought many troubles, and still will bring, the dogmatism of faith will not allow them to transcend obligations to a foreign owner.
    Claims for spiritual leadership are simply disgusting. They ascribe to themselves all the achievements of the RUSSIAN PEOPLE, and already encroach on the GREAT VICTORY. The Red Army men fought for the SOVIET UNION and for ALL the peoples of the SOVIET UNION, but after all, when reburial of mass graves of wartime, priests always fit in and necessarily with their rituals. Let the bandits burial service or work in the colonies but do not climb to the Fallen WARRIORS. Just like American Mormons, which whole cemeteries * cross * into Mormons.
    Today in RUSSIA, clergy renamed their * Greek Greek Tolstoy * Orthodox Church to Orthodox. And how much waste paper is published about the enlightenment of * wild Slavs *, and there are those who read it, some believe.
    It is a pity that the state * men * participate in the church coven.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 8 June 2016 20: 13
      +2
      So it turns out that I have nothing to say about Orthodoxy in the Russian Federation. This topic is far from me. But about the Jesuits, I had been thinking all day when I was out of the house on business.
      It turns out that Polina wrote a very timely article, and thanks to her for that. On the example of the distant centuries, it is shown that the "cause" of the Jesuits lives and develops to our detriment. Either cookies for Ukraine, or coffee for young Moscow leaders, or the American ambassador is interested in the life of Russians far from Moscow. And everyone uses the experience of the Jesuits. There is no need to invent anything new - everything has already been invented to destroy Russia from within.
    2. Mikhail Matyugin
      Mikhail Matyugin 9 June 2016 00: 56
      +1
      Quote: Vasily50
      The clergy of RUSSIA have brought many troubles, and still will bring, the dogmatism of faith will not allow them to transcend obligations to a foreign owner.

      I’m wondering - did you write this post in a sane state? or admit, a little bit went over, huh?

      Do not enlighten about the troubles of the churchmen in Russia? and what kind of foreign owner is that of the ROC MP?!?

      Quote: Vasily50
      The Red Army men fought for the SOVIET UNION and for ALL the peoples of the SOVIET UNION, but after all, when reburial of mass graves of wartime, priests always fit in and necessarily with their rituals.
      As the Red Army fought for the International, the 41 year showed. And during the reburial of the fallen, if you are not in the know, very many have body crosses. And sometimes in the death locket, prayer from the mother ...

      In a war under fire, atheists are in short supply.
      1. Basil50
        Basil50 9 June 2016 11: 40
        +1
        matyugin. Do not pretend to be more stupid than actually. TO GOD, the church HAS NO RELATIONSHIP. Only the impudence of mediation, for a fee, is given out for the exclusive right to God, which distinguishes the church.
      2. Boris55
        Boris55 21 December 2016 08: 35
        0
        Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
        Do not enlighten about the troubles of the churchmen in Russia?

        Let’s say shamans protect their family, and whom do priests protect?

        Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
        As the Red Army fought for the International, the 41 year showed.

        How fought - heroically!

        But local internationalist Trotskyists dreamed with the help of Hitler to overthrow Stalin and reign themselves ...
  4. igordok
    igordok 8 June 2016 07: 57
    +3
    The article contains an illustration from the painting-fake of the Polish artist Matejko written in 1869, telling about the surrender (which was not) of Pskov to Stefan Batory.
    1. parusnik
      parusnik 8 June 2016 08: 35
      +4
      The author has placed this reproduction on the assumption that the ideological inspirers of S. Batory were the Jesuits. The painting is called "Stefan Bathory near Pskov" .. and then most of Matejko's paintings contain a number of historical inaccuracies. Austro-Hungarian citizen, what can I take from him ..
  5. igordok
    igordok 8 June 2016 08: 03
    +1
    The article contains an illustration from a fake painting by the Polish artist Matejko 1669. narrating about the surrender of Pskov to Stefan Batory in 1581, which was not.
    1. igordok
      igordok 8 June 2016 08: 28
      0
      Sorry for the double. There were some problems with CHROME, it is normal on Firefox.
  6. parusnik
    parusnik 8 June 2016 08: 37
    +5
    Thank you, Polina .. We look forward to continuing .. about the "knights" of the cross and dagger ..
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 8 June 2016 09: 24
      +2
      Conceived the same text, I see --- you wrote.

      THANKS, Polina.
  7. EvgNik
    EvgNik 8 June 2016 09: 26
    +1
    Pauline, thank you, the topic is interesting. And minus the trolls, they are the Jesuits. Almost every article is 1-2 Jesuits. It is a pity that it is difficult to calculate - would have been thrown out long ago.
    1. EvgNik
      EvgNik 8 June 2016 17: 42
      0
      The flag is not mine. I have never been to Romania. And judging by the minuses - the Jesuits do not leave us without attention. Jesuit request - minus more often, every comment. I will be grateful.
  8. Normal ok
    Normal ok 8 June 2016 10: 38
    +5
    The idea is clear. But the style ... Written clumsily, historical facts are presented in fragments. More like a propaganda brochure than a historical story.
  9. Gomunkul
    Gomunkul 8 June 2016 13: 32
    +7
    The size of the income of the Jesuit order from missionary work can also be judged by the fact that the Jesuits, who settled in the 25th-100th centuries in China, loaned local merchants money for huge percentages - from XNUMX to XNUMX percent.
    Judging by the percentages in microfinance institutions spread throughout the territory of modern Russia, among the Jesuits a worthy change has appeared here.
  10. Galleon
    Galleon 8 June 2016 18: 42
    +4
    Correct article, everything is correctly written. There is a book by Heinrich Boemer "History of the Jesuit Order" of very high quality, I recommend to those who want to know more. And if, in a nutshell, and in a simple way, one should always wait for a pod from the West, this is written in their life credo. In the credo of this order - including.
  11. Mikhail Matyugin
    Mikhail Matyugin 9 June 2016 01: 13
    +1
    It is unfortunate that the respected author Polina Efimova usually does not respond to comments on her materials. So I have a couple of questions.

    The material, of course, covers a lot, and blames the Jesuits for all mortal sins, Latin America and the Philippines are immediately affected, but it is really unclear where does Syria have to do with it? (or remember how Dorenko did - "it would seem, what does Luzhkov have to do with it?") bully

    Quote: Polina Efimova
    Catholics of China are allowed to attend religious ceremonies in honor of Confucius, have his portraits in Catholic schools and participate in Confucian funeral rites.
    Or maybe everything is easier? You probably do not know that Confucianism is by and large not a religion but a system of values ​​and domestic recommendations? By the way, Buddhism is even cooler in this regard - it allows adherents to accept any religion, but internally preserves Buddhist principles.
    Eastern religions - they are, as it were, very different. request

    Quote: Polina Efimova
    During the entire war, the Japanese government paid these Jesuit missionaries for their political and intelligence services a lot of money - as if to build schools. But they failed to defeat the Soviet soldiers.
    Excuse me, but the Jesuits in China and Manchuria fought massively against the USSR in the ranks of the Japanese army ??????? You do not wish to write a doctoral dissertation by chance on this fact?

    And yet - for some reason, the article touches on the question of Ivan Fedorov, but it is completely incomprehensible why this Russian first printer fled from blessed Moscow to bad Lviv? by chance not fearing any executions?
    At the same time, his printing yard was ruined, and the printing industry appeared in Russia only 150 years later, already under Peter I. And, I know, these secret Jesuits, hiding in the Armenian women of scribes, organized his persecution in the Moscow kingdom and the charge of black magic! laughing

    PS Regarding "podlyanki" - so what did one Russian tsar say about the only loyal allies of Russia?
    1. kalibr
      kalibr 16 November 2016 08: 06
      0
      Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
      (or remember how Dorenko did - "it would seem, what does Luzhkov have to do with it?")


      That you well noticed everything!
  12. Lex.
    Lex. 10 October 2016 11: 12
    +1
    Russian law and the Russian language; the most important state documents of Lithuania were then written in Russian
    Actually on the old Belarusian statute, for example
  13. kalibr
    kalibr 16 November 2016 08: 02
    0
    Ay, yes, Polina! At first I thought that Samsonov ... Then I read it, but no, an order of magnitude higher. And the source base is excellent. The only remark is when the link to the source, the book, is given in parentheses in the text itself, it is customary to indicate not only the title and pages, but also the year and place of publication. A trifle, but so accepted.
  14. kalibr
    kalibr 16 November 2016 08: 03
    0
    Quote: CONTROL
    Firstly: in Japan and India they adopted the Catholic - and at the same time the Orthodox!


    Did they accept the Orthodox faith in Japan? When is this?
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 21 December 2016 08: 13
      0
      Quote: kalibr
      Did they accept the Orthodox faith in Japan? When is this?



      "... The Russian ecclesiastical mission in Japan was founded by the Russian missionary Archimandrite (then Archbishop) Nikolai (Kasatkin) (1836-1912), who arrived in Japan in 1861 by the decision of the Holy Synod.] In 1870, he founded and headed the Russian Orthodox mission in Japan. Translated the Holy Scriptures, service books into Japanese, built the Resurrection Cathedral in Tokyo ... "