Military Review

Burrowed hegemon pulled up

The states that are part of the WTO have been unflattering about some of the actions of the United States. Washington was even accused of attacks on "independence." The criticism of the organization’s members was caused by a US veto imposed on the extension of the authority of the South Korean judge Chan Son Hwa, who is at the head of the appeals body. The Americans “blocked” this judge simply because they did not like his decisions in disputes concerning US interests.

Washington is accused of undermining the foundations of the World Trade Organization. Criticism happened after the US vetoed the reappointment of a judge from South Korea. EU and legal scholars warn: the right of veto threatens the impartiality of the global merchant court.

He writes about it Financial Times.

Opponents of the United States argue that Washington is losing faith in the WTO and is preparing for a major economic “battle” with China, and therefore is working on measures of anti-dumping protection against cheap imports.

Washington informed members of the WTO that it could not support the appointment of a second Korean candidate, South Korean Chan Sona Hwa, who is at the head of the WTO Appeal Body.

Meanwhile, this judge is a respected expert in international trade law in South Korea.

Washington believes that the rulings of the named judge (three cases involving the United States and one without the United States) are examples of outstanding "abstract" decisions.

The appeals body is not an academic body that investigates problems simply because they are “of interest,” members of the organization said in Washington. And the appeals body needs nothing to "participate in abstract discussions."

However, the Americans objected. And objected collectively.

WTO members, including Brazil, Japan and the European Union, reminded the United States that the appointment of judges for a second four-year term was accepted in the organization. And blocking an appointment runs the risk of undermining the very foundations of the appeals instance and even the independence of the court. The entire system of litigation in the WTO may be in question.

This is of particular concern to WTO members, since the resolution of trade disputes is considered a strong link in this intergovernmental organization.

Experts believe that this is an unprecedented case, representing a very serious threat to the independence and impartiality of the current and future members of the appeals instance.

Robert Azevedo, WTO Director General, on the objections of the United States noted that "they have their own problems," and now they have given them "explicitly."

At the same time, he acknowledged that the reappointment of judges is a “sensitive issue” and raised a discussion about the possibility of limiting the terms of office. Some participants proposed to appoint to the posts of appeal for one seven-year term.

The article also notes that this US intervention may have a further impact on the fate of the expected decisions of the appeals body. Among the issues that are expected to be resolved soon, there is one Chinese: whether the Chinese economy has the right to be considered “market”. The answer “yes” would be an important indication of status within the WTO. The status would help Beijing fight against the anti-dumping barriers that are put against it on both sides of the Atlantic. Beijing itself claims that it should be given this status “automatically” in December 2016 of the year, on the 15 anniversary of the country's accession to the WTO. However, the United States and some opponents of China in Europe insist that the text of the agreement on China’s accession to the WTO is “ambiguous”, and therefore the question must be brought to the meeting of the appeals body.

Greg Schaffer, a law expert at the University of California, said that Washington turned politics into a matter that should be legally resolved. As a result, America began to look like a “bully,” and not as a “champion of the principles of the rule of law.”

Vladimir Olenchenko, a Russian political scientist and senior researcher at the Center for European Studies at the Institute for World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, believes that Washington is teaching WTO partners to different rules in international trade.

“It’s not to say that this is an isolated fact that falls outside the general line of conduct of the United States in the WTO and in other international organizations. Previously, countries showed indifference when the United States behaved like this only in relation to Russia. Now Washington, apparently, has rejected all sorts of taboos and is doing what it needs. And maybe trying to put pressure on these countries ", - said the expert radio "Sputnik".

In addition, he believes that now the United States will focus not on the WTO, but on the Transatlantic and Trans-Pacific Partnerships: “If the United States succeeds in monopolizing decisions in both agreements, then, of course, the WTO will become a sort of“ appendage ”to these organizations. And, apparently, the US is already beginning to gradually accustom its partners to the fact that Washington will dictate its will and set the rules. ”

Professor of the Department of Foreign Policy Activity of Russia of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation Alexander Mikhaylenko also thinks so. He believes that Washington wants to take advantage of the crisis in the WTO to develop its own trade structures.

“The WTO is in crisis,” said the expert. "Free Press". - The Doha Round negotiations on the future of the organization, which began in 2001, did not move forward. Now there are discussions about whether to continue this process or start negotiations from scratch. The main reason is that there are contradictions between developing countries that are gaining ever greater economic power and importance and developed countries in finding a new balance of power. ” Americans are trying to promote the Trans-Pacific and Transatlantic trade partnership, says Mikhailenko.

“In the case of the Transatlantic Partnership between the US and the EU, it is clearly seen how the Americans are putting pressure on the Europeans to conclude an agreement as soon as possible and on the proposed conditions. But Europe is not satisfied with this agreement by far. The United States is used to being hegemones, but they no longer have it that way. They can remain the dominant force, but for this it is necessary to negotiate with partners, but they do not know how, because they are used to push. In the Swiss newspaper "Le Matin" recently wrote that Americans feel themselves masters of the world, therefore they put pressure on everyone, including their partners and allies. "

In this regard, the expert noted that it would probably be beneficial for Americans to see the appeals body affected by the degradation processes in the WTO. "It is possible that in order to show everyone that the entire system of world trade needs to be changed, Washington would like to deliberately stop this body," said the professor.

* * *

Washington has once again indicated to their "partners" their real place. However, the partners did not want to put up with the will of the "hegemon".

On the other hand, the processes of degradation of the WTO, the very organization that Russia has been striving to join for many years, uncovered with a crash.

Today it is obvious that Americans are preparing to reshape the system of international trade so that it fully corresponds to the will of the owners of the entire planet - their will.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 3 June 2016 06: 13
    Vtoshniki burst in. Bite a nursing hand. Maybe it's time to move to BRICS.
    1. KOH
      KOH 3 June 2016 06: 21
      No, they just begin to understand that "The King is naked" ... laughing ))))))
      1. Blondy
        Blondy 3 June 2016 06: 37
        Yes, the symptom is, of course, very interesting, from the series "and in the morning they woke up" (almost).
    2. siberalt
      siberalt 3 June 2016 07: 17
      This is called - in a strange monastery with its own charter. In the same bundle of US voluntary policy is the unilateral introduction of economic sanctions against Russia without a UN decision, which just essentially affects the prerogatives of the WTO! But, for some reason, everyone is modestly silent about this.
    3. Sid.74
      Sid.74 3 June 2016 09: 33
      Wherever the United States climbs with its charter, "democracy and transparency" begins everywhere ...yes
      Although we should already understand that the century of American exclusivity is over ... there comes a century in which it is necessary to negotiate, because this era is multi-polar ... and American diplomats have all degenerated ... trouble-sadness.

      And then there are these ... American economists ... they add fuel to the fire. belay

      American economists warn the US government about the coming collapse

      Researcher and economic consultant Dr. Walker Todd predicts the collapse of the US economy and the collapse of the dollar over the next 60-90 days. Todd is far from being the first authoritative economist predicting a similar fate to the United States. Similar concerns have recently been expressed by the former head of the US Federal Reserve, Alan Greenspan.

      Dr. Walker Todd of the American Institute for Economic Research, who worked for the FN 20 for years as a consultant to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, warned of an impending catastrophe. As Todd said on the KHNC radio from Colorado, the United States has no more than "60-90 days of life, because the dollar is on the verge of collapse."

      Most of the major US media have decided to leave Todd’s statement unnoticed. Alan Greenspan expressed a similar point of view, although he did not mention the exact timing of the economic disaster (see the article “Greenspan buries the dollar”). According to Greenspan, the financial situation of America can be compared with a box of explosives, which will surely explode from the slightest spark. The spark will be the next injection of money into the American economy, after which the country will face an inevitable jump in inflation, a depreciation of the dollar and widespread poverty.

      And finally ....
      1. gladcu2
        gladcu2 3 June 2016 15: 40

        Soon you started talking about an opportunity to agree.

        World War III is being prepared in Europe. Again, countries will begin to destroy. For all external factors, another one or more than one Ukraine is being prepared in Europe.
        Conclusions are made on YouTube rollers. It is noted that the destruction of the state launched in Germany and Switzerland at least.

        All this is very disturbing.
    4. Timmer
      Timmer 3 June 2016 18: 58
      well don't beat them
      big thing at all useful
  2. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 3 June 2016 06: 20
    What an unexpected, but from this news that does not lose its charm ... yes, in the morning ... balm for the soul, not everyone fell under a bunch of human scum, but this inspires a certain certainty ... as the saying goes: it was smooth on paper, Yes, they forgot about the ravines ... more often, they would click on these Zamudonets, on the nose, on the head, and on the other part of their defective throughout the whole stupidity of the body ....
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 3 June 2016 06: 56
      They don’t have to click on the nose, they need to be hollowed on the head! All these clicks of the Amer’s economy are not even noticeable ... you’re not satisfied with the WTO, but you had to tell Amers .. if you do this again, the question will be asked about your exclusion from the organization! And just dissatisfaction is a zilch, and you don’t have to bury amers here right away .. you’re still sick of it!
      1. Nyrobsky
        Nyrobsky 3 June 2016 10: 34
        Quote: igorka357
        They don’t have to click on the nose, they need to be hollowed on the head! All these clicks of the Amer’s economy are not even noticeable ... you’re not satisfied with the WTO, but you had to tell Amers .. if you do this again, the question will be asked about your exclusion from the organization! And just dissatisfaction is a zilch, and you don’t have to bury amers here right away .. you’re still sick of it!

        No one will bury them right away, but it should be noted that there is a growing understanding in the world that mattresses do not bring peace and prosperity to anyone, and therefore the opposition to the hegemon begins, which will only increase ... The spring cannot be compressed indefinitely.
  3. Shadowcat
    Shadowcat 3 June 2016 06: 25
    We are waiting for Chan Song Hwa to rape a maid who turned out to be a Negro refugee from Syria ... or something similar.
    1. ImPerts
      ImPerts 3 June 2016 07: 35
      Definitely. Worth the wait. And maybe it will be a refugee ...
      1. Shadowcat
        Shadowcat 3 June 2016 07: 42
        With whom there was no sexual relationship, and he was very offended by this and received an incurable (well, perhaps for a couple of lard) psychological trauma ....
  4. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov 3 June 2016 06: 30
    Hegemon is time to spank in full.
  5. dobrik10
    dobrik10 3 June 2016 06: 36
    The question is whether the Europeans will have enough will to go against their "master". While such fish as Olland, Merkel and others like them are in power, whether something will change dramatically, the hook has been swallowed too deeply ...
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 3 June 2016 06: 58
      And the master will not allow anyone else to bring to power! And if by some miracle the real one comes, then wait for the geyropmaydan!
    2. Dam
      Dam 3 June 2016 08: 03
      But Europe has no other politicians. Mattresses for many years raised this pale colorless herd of puppets
      1. Ka-52
        Ka-52 3 June 2016 13: 30
        Heh, discovered America here)) The Americans will do as they want. If the court order is not beneficial for them, then nah ... Mr. judge! Europe may well ... stick your objections! FIFA bent down, bent down
        (On December 21, 2015, the FIFA Ethics Committee decided to suspend for eight years from football activities the head of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) Michel Platini and the President of the International Football Federation (FIFA) Joseph Blatter!)
        Volkswagen in September 2015 was bent over, squeezed out of the American market and imposed fines! WADA was bent down, our IOC swallowed, our WADA structure was all disbanded, Meldonius was found on everyone! So we, like the whole world, are big and black! The strength of the amers is even higher than the roof, and not only the military, mainly financial (monetary policy is all tied to them), political, film industry, advertising agencies, the media. And so far, all our actions are nothing more than attempts by the "pygmies" to drive the "Elephant" away from their garden. They drove him off the field, but he keeps trying to come back and eat cabbage! And our strength is not enough to drive him away for good, and even more so to kill!
  6. Dr. Barmaley
    Dr. Barmaley 3 June 2016 07: 07
    Washington once again pointed out to its "partners" their real place.
  7. There are a lot of us
    There are a lot of us 3 June 2016 07: 40
    On the other hand, the processes of degradation of the WTO - the very organization where many years Russia sought to join - were revealed with a bang

    Why did we aspire to where we should run from, that there are forces ...
  8. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 3 June 2016 07: 53
    Well, Dmitry Anatolyevich? Now we understand what this is your WTO, the entry into which you called a big "overpower". "Watchmaker" You are our priceless!
  9. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 3 June 2016 08: 35
    Nothing changes dramatically, but, as the precedent is said, dissatisfaction is the first sign of disagreement. Unity is slowly collapsing, the governments of the US satellite countries are increasingly grumbling at the owner. States should understand (if they can still) that they can’t endlessly put pressure on everyone and for any reason. The world is slowly waking up.
    1. Nyrobsky
      Nyrobsky 3 June 2016 10: 21
      Quote: avg-mgn
      States should understand (if they can still) that they can’t endlessly put pressure on everyone and for any reason.

      No, they certainly cannot understand, because they have completely lost their sense of proportion.
      The country is a skunk where stink and stench do not appear everywhere.
  10. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 3 June 2016 10: 58
    Hehe ... The West is getting faster and faster to pull back from its own winning strategy. What was the idea? The Soviet Union, thanks to the freedom to make tough decisions necessary for a quick and effective response to non-standard economic and political situations, was clearly ahead. See what's going on in France right now. An attempt to slightly increase labor productivity, bringing labor legislation to an adequate level, led to what? But in the USSR everything was decided quickly, cleanly and calmly.
    The degradation of the Soviet elite was at a hurricane pace, but still not fast enough, moreover, it needed some kind of construction, a belief system that justified the attack on socialism. What was done? Several myths have been introduced into Western thinking. A tale of free competition. Bullshit about human rights. Tales of equality before bourgeois laws. Etc.
    The Soviet Union treacherously surrendered, and? The whole ideological construction began to fall apart. Absolutely everything that the western man believes in has turned out to be a lie. This very WTO began to crumble with a roar (for this we actually entered it), because it is holding back the United States, the very country that has been screaming about free competition for decades as the decisive advantage of capitalism over socialism. What is holding back? In an unfair economic war with China, where the United States is trying to use the utmost dishonest. the competition. Having made the WTO court an instrument for this, it is obliged to observe (no need to laugh, indecent!) Honesty and justice!
    No, do we really want to overtake and overtake them? Here in this in everything? Will it benefit us, wealth, peace and quiet? Oh, our authorities? Do you believe that ?!
  11. Volzhanin
    Volzhanin 3 June 2016 12: 03
    I am still amazed at our close authorities.
    Capitalism has outlived itself - we have rushed there. The WTO is already dying - we were breaking in there.
    And constantly we jump on the bandwagon of a train flying downhill.

    I liked the analysis.
    However sad.
  12. Altona
    Altona 3 June 2016 12: 09

    To make it not so boring, I offer you a story about the "new rules of international trade" under the patronage of the United States. Everything is clearly shown here in the form of a play.
  13. Serhio
    Serhio 3 June 2016 20: 49
    Quote: Volzhanin

    Very interesting article. In my opinion, quite close to the truth.