Military Review

The US will build an information network to protect against enemy surface ships

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The United States continues to upgrade communications and naval command and control systems. To date, the NIFC-CA system has been created and put into operation, with the help of which the principle of unified air defense is implemented fleet. In the foreseeable future, the operation of a similar system designed to protect against enemy surface ships and coastal targets will begin. Work in this direction was announced a few days ago.


During the recent Sea-Air-Space 2016 exhibition, the US Navy Rear Admiral Michael Darra, who heads the unmanned and percussion systems department, spoke about current plans for the development of fleet support forces. The goal of the new project, called All Domain Offensive Surface Warfare Capability, is the creation of an information network connecting the various fleet forces and allowing them to exchange information necessary to carry out attacks.

The ADOSWC system will have to combine many different elements, from satellite intelligence to submarines. Detection systems for spacecraft, reconnaissance aircraft, surface ships and submarines will be required to monitor various water areas and search for potential targets for a strike. At the same time, all participants of the new network will exchange information about the current situation in the so-called. tactical cloud. Due to this, all participants in the system will be able to timely receive information about certain objects and threats, and will be able to respond to them correctly.



The main principle of the proposed system concerns a new data processing method. All information about the situation in different areas, obtained from various means of detection, is proposed to be placed in the "cloud", to which all members of the network will have access. Thus, any ship, submarine or aircraft with access to the "cloud" will be able to immediately receive all the available information on the detected target. The information collected by joint efforts should be used by various consumers for solving various tasks in different areas.

The main advantages of a promising information network such as the All Domain Offensive Surface Warfare Capability over existing communication and control systems will be the expansion of the controlled area and reduced response time to threats. According to Rear Admiral M. Darr, together all detection systems will be able to "see" further and find targets faster. As a result, the size of the zones safe for the enemy, not controlled by the Navy intelligence systems or inaccessible for a quick strike, will be drastically reduced.

The ability to quickly obtain all the data about the target, its location and other parameters is expected to increase the effectiveness of the existing weapons. With the help of a quick transfer of target designation to one or another attack means, from aircraft to cruise missiles, it will be possible to increase the size of controlled areas. In the current situation, such opportunities are unavailable, because the situation does not always allow to strike in an optimal way due to the impossibility of quickly transmitting data about the target to the most suitable strike complex.

New information network ADOSCW ​​is currently being developed by specialists of the Department of unmanned percussion systems of the US Navy and the organization Integrated Warfare Systems. The project is also supervised by the Office of Naval Operations. As follows from recent statements, the project of a promising communication and management system has already advanced quite far. Separate facilities of the new complex will be deployed at the end of this year. Some systems have already passed the necessary tests and are ready for use by the fleet.

New development of American experts is of great interest, and may also be cause for concern. The introduction of the complex All Domain Offensive Surface Warfare Capability can significantly reduce the response time of the United States Navy to various surface threats, as well as expand their strike potential through the use of percussion systems that are optimal from the point of view of the current tactical situation.

It should be recalled that at present, systems for combating enemy surface ships or destroying coastal targets operate according to the Kill chain (“Killing Chain”) concept. Such a scheme involves the sequential transmission of information from a reconnaissance vehicle (for example, a long-range radar survey aircraft) to a command post, and then to a ship of a particular class or a submarine. Only after this, target designation arrives at the control panel of the strike missile system or deck aviationwho have to attack the target.

This scheme is used for a long time and has proven itself. Nevertheless, it has some drawbacks, the main of which is the relatively long time of transferring data about the detected object from the reconnaissance system to the strike complex. In the case of surface targets, this can lead to significant time delays. As a result, by the time the aircraft or anti-ship missiles reach the intended area, the target may change its location. In this case, constant monitoring of the target is required, with updating of target designation (besides, complicated by the duration of data transmission), or an independent search for a target with a strike aircraft.

With the constant development of ships, submarines, aircraft, weapons and electronic systems, the Kill chain concept ceases to meet current requirements. To ensure timely response to emerging threats, the naval forces need to work on the Kill web system (the “Killing Network”). Such a concept implies the preservation of relatively short “chains” intended for solving some specialized tasks. At the same time, the separate “chains”, united in a common network, are not intended to carry out the entire transfer of data from reconnaissance to shock systems.

Within the framework of the "Killing Network", a large number of separate Kill chains for different purposes should interact. In such a case, faster data transfer to consumers with corresponding consequences for performing shock operations can be provided. For example, it will be possible to find targets using DRLO aircraft and transfer information about them as quickly as possible to the nearest ships with strike weapons. Also, for example, submarines will be able to carry out target designation for aircraft with anti-ship missiles. The advantages of such a system are obvious, but its creation may be associated with some technical and technological difficulties.

Recent reports of representatives of the US Navy testify to some success achieved in the framework of the project All Domain Offensive Surface Warfare Capability. By now, as follows from the available information, the general features of the information network architecture have been defined and the requirements for its individual elements have been formed. In addition, the development of various elements of the new complex is being completed or is being completed. The first elements of ADOSWC are planned to be deployed on ships and submarines of the US Navy at the end of this year.

The new information network ADOSWC is designed to detect, track and attack various types of surface and coastal targets. Its deployment will allow the US Navy to increase the strike potential with respect to enemy ships and coastal targets. In combination with the already existing unified air defense system, the new complex is expected to positively affect the general capabilities of the US Navy.


On the materials of the sites:
https://news.usni.org/
https://defence.ru/
http://defense-update.com/
Author:
Photos used:
US Navy
10 comments
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  1. The comment was deleted.
  2. godofwar6699
    godofwar6699 23 May 2016 07: 25
    +2
    Sea-Air-Space 2016
  3. godofwar6699
    godofwar6699 23 May 2016 07: 44
    +1
    Day 3 Sea-Air-Space 2016 Exposition: the next generation of naval technology and international presence.

  4. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 23 May 2016 09: 57
    0
    Powerful thing. All this is perfectly interfaced with reconnaissance and strike unmanned systems.
    1. AVV
      AVV 23 May 2016 10: 06
      -7
      Only after applying modern electronic warfare of domestic production will their information cloud turn into information dust !!!
      1. mav1971
        mav1971 23 May 2016 10: 17
        +3
        Quote: AVV
        Only after applying modern electronic warfare of domestic production will their information cloud turn into information dust !!!


        Tell us the electronic warfare means that allow completely remotely (at a distance over the affected area of ​​missiles, anti-ship missiles of the enemy and a "radio field" tens of kilometers in diameter) to cover the entire radio range over which data transmission is possible?
        And at the same time, how will we overlap narrowly directed satellite communication lines ...

        You have big stars - probably earned knowledge - share ...
        1. Lt. Air Force stock
          Lt. Air Force stock 23 May 2016 11: 33
          +4
          Quote: mav1971
          Tell us the electronic warfare means that allow completely remotely (at a distance over the affected area of ​​missiles, anti-ship missiles of the enemy and a "radio field" tens of kilometers in diameter) to cover the entire radio range over which data transmission is possible?
          And at the same time, how will we overlap narrowly directed satellite communication lines ...

          You have big stars - probably earned knowledge - share ...

          In addition, modern missiles have the ability to aim at a source of interference.
          US develops its anti-ship capabilities
          For example, the new LRASM anti-ship missile system has a lower radar visibility than a harpoon, a larger warhead, longer range and, most importantly, the ability to launch from Mark-41 UVP, usually on a US destroyer 2 missiles with 4 missiles totaling 8 Harpoons, a similar system will allow for much more anti-ship missiles which increases firepower.
          In addition, the United States is designing anti-ship missiles based on the SM-6 anti-aircraft missile. It is obvious that the United States is unhappy with the fleet’s anti-ship warfare capabilities.
          Even during the Soviet era, when the Union fleet was much more powerful and numerous than today, the United States was content with the mediocre Harpoon, and now it is not enough.
          And besides, the LRASM range of about 800 kilometers, many were confused by the figure since targeting at such a range is difficult to give, but after this news everything fell into place.
        2. serezhasoldatow
          serezhasoldatow 23 May 2016 11: 53
          +1
          Read, watch TV, maybe you will find the answer to your question.
      2. Forest
        Forest 23 May 2016 13: 57
        0
        And what kind of electronic warfare can harm the ship? Will have a personal nuclear power plant?
  5. aviator1913
    aviator1913 23 May 2016 10: 08
    +2
    What is what, and the interaction of reconnaissance, strike and auxiliary forces is very strong in the American army. In this regard, we need to take an example and quickly catch up. The interaction of aviation, artillery, infantry, etc. each other plays a crucial role in modern warfare, especially in local wars, where the loss of even one fighter is especially sensitive.
  6. TOR2
    TOR2 23 May 2016 12: 20
    +1
    The ADOSWC system will have to combine many different elements, from satellite reconnaissance to submarines

    A lot of elements are good. Ground stations capable of selectively affecting spacecraft are very useful to us, since the territory allows. The first experience was unexpectedly obtained back in the 70s. Having lost the cosmic component, the effectiveness of this system will fall by at least half.
  7. Minotavrik
    Minotavrik 23 May 2016 12: 48
    +4
    Quote: AVV
    Only after applying modern electronic warfare of domestic production will their information cloud turn into information dust !!!

    And you can share exactly what "modern means of electronic warfare" is supposed to turn the information cloud into dust ??? Or is it just to blurt out? As in 39 - "with small forces on the territory of the enemy" - and after that they washed themselves with blood ...
  8. Aviagr
    Aviagr 23 May 2016 14: 46
    0
    We need to develop our own robotic means, such as sailing unmanned catamarans (RPBK), underwater gliders, mini-submarine missile arsenals, camouflaged under RPBK - i.e. snorkel in the form of an RPBK skeleton (then in their "flock" of 300-400 RPBKs it will be impossible to quickly identify more dangerous "specimens" and destroy them with a pinpoint strike - all 300 ... 400 will have to be drowned, but if it does not work out at the same time, then the PL-arsenal will drop the "skeleton" and go on electric traction to a pre-designated area for launching missiles). And the snorkel is needed for the diesel - I hope everyone understands? After all, this is not an ACTUV in a single version, which, like Zamvolt, is "invisible" to the enemy ... :-)
    UAVs also need to be developed, but not the existing and proposed wretched products of Transas and ZALA-Kalashnikov, but truly massive and inexpensive (almost disposable) PVC with low-resource internal combustion engines - only with them we will be able to resist the "non-barmal" enemy.
  9. aleks.29ru
    aleks.29ru 24 May 2016 12: 40
    0
    You need to look for a password to connect to the cloud.)