Military Review

"Hang on, you bastards! Do not outweigh everyone! .." (about Sasha Filippov)

13
Employees of the Museum of the Battle of Stalingrad told me about the fate of Sasha Filippov, a young defender of Stalingrad. In Volgograd, there is a street bearing the name of the hero. There is a school - it has the number 14.


Talking about Sasha, the guide often called him not by name, but Schoolboy - this was the nickname of a scout.
... The boy was born 26 on June 1925, in a large family - parents raised six children, Sasha - the youngest. Mom, Evdokia Afanasevna, was engaged in housekeeping and raising children. His father, Alexander Timofeevich, worked at the post office, but he was a good carpenter, was a good turner, sewed excellent shoes and taught Sasha this business. The boy did not know that in the future this business would be very useful for him to fight the fascists.

Did not know. And he grew up like an ordinary boy: restless, desperate, sharp on his tongue and quick to fight if he had to stand up for himself. I really wanted to be like my father.

The outbreak of war in the first days made their noisy house empty - a father and four older brothers went to the front. Sasha also wanted, brought a statement to the military enlistment office, where he ascribed to himself a couple of years (at that time he was only sixteen). But the boy was sent home, saying a very offensive for him, “Mal is More!”.

And Sasha stayed at home, helped his mother and elder sisters Maria and Vera.

But the Nazis reached Stalingrad. They captured Dar Gore, where the Filippov family lived (today Voroshilovsky district). And the boy, eager to fight with all his heart, could not sit at home. At night, he crossed the front line along the beams, sought out the military unit of Senior Lieutenant Semenikhin and asked for them. Sasha did not come empty-handed to the unit — he brought valuable information from the hell itself. And the men took him as a scout. Here the shoemaking craft came in handy: the fascists themselves took Sasha to the nazi community — to shoemaker. They did not suspect that this ragged brisk boy with a bag over his shoulder was a scout. During the day he was engaged in shoemaking, repaired shoes to the invaders, and at night often crossed the front line, bringing valuable information. The Germans were looking for a whole detachment of adult male cohesive, because they clearly understood that Soviet intelligence was working properly.

Even as regularly! Sasha went on assignments twelve times, without fear of any difficulties. Once, getting to his people, he swam across the Volga on a log and reported on the location of enemy firing points in the vicinity of the Krasny Oktyabr factory - the very next day Soviet pilots bombed them. Another time at night, he threw a grenade at the headquarters window. In the morning, the fascists were looking for a saboteur, and he played with the kids in the classics under the very nose of the enemies.

No, the fascists would not have guessed that this kid was a scout. But Sasha was tracked down by a local policeman named Zabrodko. Has handed over the enemies.

For ten days the soldiers were waiting for Sasha. They were digging in the snow - they thought they would have to fight off the fascists. But Shkolnik did not betray anyone. He was tortured for a long time, beaten - but they never learned anything. Sentenced to hang.

21 December 1942, the mother saw her son at the building of the German commandant’s office. “Don't cry, I'll run away anyway!” Sasha told her then. He did not give up ...

December 23 on Dar Gore, in the area of ​​the former Church of the Annunciation - it was a place of execution - came barely alive from grief Evdokia Afanasyevna. She saw that Sasha, though he had difficulty dragging his legs from beatings, was not broken. And even a few minutes before the execution, he found the strength in himself, knocked down the executioner and ran ... He was caught up, hit with bayonets. And dragged to the gallows. Before you die, Sasha shouted: “Hang up, executioners! All do not hang! All the same, ours will come and kill you like mad dogs! ”...

... Here are the lines from the survey of the grave of Sasha Filippov’s and Masha Uskova’s scouts who died in Stalingrad (that day they were on assignment together): Filippova Alexander Alexandrovich, 1925, born in Stalingrad, on Bryansk Street, 83, has traces of bloody torture ... a piece of rope is tightened around the neck of the tortured - after the torture, the young man was hanged. The bodies of the tortured are buried in the square on the workers' and peasant street of Stalingrad. The act was signed by Simonenko, Semenikhin, Nazarov, Maryasin, Gerasimov ... ”The full text of this act was published in the newspaper“ Stalingradskaya Pravda ”, which was published on 17 on April 1943.

"Hang up, you bastards! You can't hang everyone! .." (about Sasha Filippov)


The young intelligence officer was buried in the public garden of Voroshilovsky district (now he bears the name of the hero). Posthumously, Sasha was awarded the Order of the Red Banner and the medal "For the Defense of Stalingrad." On his grave now stands a granite monument with the inscription: “Sasha Filippov. 1925-1942. Komsomol member-partisan. Brutally tortured by the Nazis "...
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  1. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 23 May 2016 07: 42
    +7
    Good morning, dear Sophia! Thank you very much for the story.
    That's what I thought about it. As a child, when you should have read it, we read very little on this subject. Rather, it was independently the initiative of some teachers. Not a general trend. I read about Maresyev a little in the summer. Something was discussed little at school.
    About the exploits of Soviet people --- I have been reading VO for only 2 years. "TOTAL" ---- I have read a lot of books on various topics. I asked older relatives --- why no one has anything at home on this topic? After all, they were all correct, October, pioneers, Komsomol members, counselors. They say that these books were in school libraries and they had to be taken and read there, so librarians said that, the counselors watched and discussed who read what at meetings. Then in the summer in pioneer camps there were such classes about Heroes and Alley of Heroes and you should have known this, it was all spoken out, so there are no such books at home.
    Thank you very much for doing such a great thing --- save the exploits and life of the Soviet people.
    1. EvgNik
      EvgNik 23 May 2016 08: 20
      +9
      Quote: Reptiloid
      Indeed, in childhood, when it would be necessary to read it, very little was read on this topic.

      Why, Dmitry did not read much? These were my favorite books - about pioneer heroes, about the Great Patriotic War. And he gave his sons the same books to read. And some books are still kept. I already wrote that "The Story of a Real Man" was a handbook for my children. And now lies with me, all tattered.
      And Sofya is a bow from me for saving our past. love
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 23 May 2016 08: 56
        +3
        Well, I wrote why, because it was an independent initiative of some teachers. Priorities started to change! And the adults in the family did not think about it at all, they absorbed with "mother's milk" not from the elders, but from school, gatherings, teachers, meetings. It was natural for them that they were engaged in this patriotic education outside the home! all sorts of school perversions!
        But although they did not deal with the purposeful patriotic or socialist upbringing of their children, the general atmosphere in the families apparently somehow influenced and affects the younger generations.
  2. Schultz
    Schultz 23 May 2016 10: 48
    +7
    In the right times of the upbringing of the patriotic generation, in addition to reading, excursions were conducted (museums, places of military glory, etc.), almost every pioneer detachment bore the name of a hero of the Second World War. Then the enemies decided to make us "ivanovrodstvanimnayashchikh" and many swallowed it. Regarding reading, I can say that books were often donated for memorable days, plus school libraries, plus home reading for parents, plus radio and TV - I emphasize that this was a state program and today 25-year commemorations are being held on it. I bow to the author.
  3. nrex
    nrex 23 May 2016 11: 03
    +9
    Thanks to the author for the article. Sasha Filipov Eternal Memory and Glory !! But notice some peculiarity in the name of the policeman. "But Sasha was tracked down by a local policeman named Zabrodko." Whatever one may say, the Judas seed will roll over there.
    1. sergo42
      sergo42 25 May 2016 19: 05
      0
      In during and here crest noted.
  4. Olfred
    Olfred 23 May 2016 11: 26
    +7
    Thank you for the article +. this is who the current young generation should look up to, not pop music, money and other attributes of "success". and how many more similar heroes whose name we do not know ??? hi
  5. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 23 May 2016 12: 32
    +4
    Thank you so much for the article Sophia. I will read to my children ....... we will remember!
  6. koralvit
    koralvit 23 May 2016 16: 40
    +3
    Yes, thanks to such heroes as Sasha Filippov, known and unknown, our country defeated the Nazis. Eternal glory to them.
  7. wax
    wax 23 May 2016 17: 44
    +1
    Judah is not translated. Eternal curse to traitors!
  8. Ivan Tartugai
    Ivan Tartugai 23 May 2016 18: 42
    +4
    Quote from the article:
    No, the fascists would not have guessed that this kid was a scout. But Sasha was tracked down by a local policeman named Zabrodko. Has handed over the enemies.

    Almost all of our scouts were tracked down and surrendered to the fascists by our own traitorous Judas.
    If there weren’t such Judas, the war would have been much shorter and there were much fewer dead Soviet citizens.
  9. fleet
    fleet 23 May 2016 19: 38
    +2
    But what about the question of patriotic education in schools now? No way. They don’t know the heroes of not only the Great Patriotic War, but the heroes of Afghanistan and the Chechen wars. And all the comments, I’m sure, were written by people of an age. A pity!
  10. lukke
    lukke 24 May 2016 09: 57
    +2
    Posthumously Sasha was awarded the Order of the Red Banner and the medal "For the Defense of Stalingrad."
    Hmm, once again I am convinced how in our years military orders are devalued, heroes are handed out to the right and to the left, a period of Brezhnevschina. Correctly say - the fish rots from the head.