On the eve of the exhibition HeliRussia-2016 we visited the Airbus Helicopters factory in the town of Donauworth, which is an hour's drive from Munich, and found out which helicopters will be presented at Airbus this week in Crocus and which are good news in terms of cooperation with Russia.
The head office of the company, the subsidiary of the Airbus Group, is located in Marseille on the territory of the airport, and the main production facilities in Marignane. The Airbus Helicopters Deutschland GmbH branch is located in Donauwörth (Germany); Eurocopter España in Albacete (Spain).
The company also has subsidiary representative offices throughout the world, particularly in the United States, where factories produce products for the American market.
In Donauwörth, we familiarized ourselves with the production of the light twin-engine Airbus Helicopters H135 helicopter, which is best in its class due to the combination of optimal performance and new efficient solutions.
As of the end of 2015, more than 2 thousands of Airbus Helicopters helicopters are involved in the world for medical services in the world, representing 58% of all used. 20% for Bell, 14% for Agusta, 3% Kawasaki, 2% for Sikorsky and MDHI and 1% for Russian helicopters.
Of these more than two thousand 1190 pieces - helicopters H135 and H135M. In the world, the park was distributed as follows (civilian / military):
558 / 18 Europe
317 North America
181 / 37 Asia
48 South America
18 / 1 Africa
Thanks to improved rotor performance, improved engine software and new lateral air intakes, the H135 model has an increased payload and best-in-class performance characteristics of all engines (AEO) when flying on one engine (OEI ), as well as for flights in category A in a given range of flight modes. This allows you to use the model for solving a wide range of tasks, including in difficult climatic conditions.
The H135 helicopter is notable for its increased reliability. Advanced cab equipment has been enhanced to enable this model to meet the most stringent customer requirements, providing an unprecedented level of safety.
The helicopter is a multifunctional platform that allows you to use it for a wide range of missions in the field of medical aviation, search and rescue and emergency response.
A variety of available configurations allows you to adapt the helicopter to perform aviation work, tasks of the oil and gas industry, passenger traffic and training flights.
The development of the H135 model was attended by professional medical professionals and rescuers. Distinctive features of the helicopter are:
• Modular design, adapted to the various needs and objectives of the customer
• Spacious cabin in which the installation of medical equipment and equipment is possible
• Ability to install equipment for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and endotracheal intubation in flight
• Luggage compartment with access to the cab
• Hygienic flooring, easy to clean (optional)
• The ability to load a stretcher through a side door or rear doors
• ARIS antiresonance insulation system, providing comfortable flight and low vibration in the cabin
To facilitate the work of the pilot and improve overall flight safety in adverse weather conditions, the helicopter can be additionally equipped with an autopilot, a display with a moving map and weather radar. In addition, incubators and intensive care stations with a modular design are offered.
The helicopter is distinguished by its low weight and compactness of the fuselage, excellent flight characteristics and a large glass area. The cabin has a flexible modular layout, which allows you to quickly convert the interior, depending on the task.
The wide capabilities and operational flexibility of the Н135 provide for the rapid movement of personnel necessary to perform tasks in a limited time environment.
The HNNUMX can land wherever assistance is required. This model is compact and equipped with high skidding chassis, which allows landing in confined spaces and on unprepared sites.
The H135 helicopter is capable of landing on slopes in mountainous terrain, and can be used to solve operational problems in adverse weather conditions, high-risk conditions, catastrophes and emergencies, such as floods, earthquakes, landslides and heavy snowfall.
The latest modification of the H135 helicopter can take on more payload than any other twin-engine helicopter in its class, and deliver it to a greater distance. The helicopter has excellent performance in flight conditions for category A and when operating on one engine in the hover mode, even in hot climates and at high mountains.
In the photo: H135 flies to help the victim from the helipad on the roof of the hospital in Augsburg.
Wide sliding side doors and rear swing doors provide easy and fast loading and unloading even with rotating screws.
With the help of a winch passengers can be delivered to the helicopter in the air. Due to the low noise level (helicopter noise trail below the permissible level of the most stringent regulatory requirements), the 135 can be used in close proximity to hospitals, which are often located in densely populated areas.
Due to the location of the rotor and the tail rotor, Fenestron H135 can perform an accurate and safe landing in the immediate vicinity of the patient's location. There is enough space in the cockpit of the H135 helicopter to accommodate two crew members, three medical staff and one patient on a stretcher. A second stretcher can be quickly installed if necessary.
The spacious cabin provides excellent visibility for observational operations both during the day and at night.
The versatility, low noise level, low operating and maintenance costs, and high level of operational availability make the H135 helicopter an ideal choice for the daily work of law enforcement agencies: surveillance and aerial reconnaissance, pursuit; border patrols; police escort, etc.
Thanks to its excellent visibility, exceptional maneuverability, long range, high safety and easy access to the cockpit, the H135 model is perfect for a wide range of labor-intensive tasks in the oil and gas industry.
The 135 can be used to perform a wide range of aerial work thanks to an electronic engine management system (FADEC), a cabin with sliding side doors, a high-mounted cargo hook and low noise.
The simple design of the aircraft provides easy and fast maintenance, which in turn ensures minimum downtime for the helicopter and reduces operating costs.
The H135 model has excellent performance when flying in hover mode under the conditions of one engine (OEI), which guarantees safety in the event of a failure of one of the engines.
The 135 has the lowest direct operating costs among the machines in its class, making it the most economical twin-engine helicopter. It also has an energy-absorbing fuselage, pilot and passenger seats, and is also equipped with an impact-resistant fuel tank.
In the standard configuration, the helicopter can hold up to six passengers and one or two pilots.
New multifunctional flooring can be installed on the model H135 on request and is suitable for flights on the tasks of air ambulance. Thus, the helicopter does not need to be equipped with a special floor covering in addition to the standard one, which allows increasing the payload by 40 kg.
The H135 is equipped with advanced flight data recorders (CVFDR) that comply with the ED112 standard, mandatory for new aircraft from the 2016 year.
The cabin of the H135 helicopter in the Corporate package features a high level of comfort and is made in a classic desk, creating excellent working conditions.
Lightweight interior trim made of natural materials - wood and leather - in combination with the highest quality performance allows you to increase the range. In this configuration, the helicopter can accommodate up to six passengers and a pilot, and also provides enough legroom. In addition to this, customers are offered a cabin designed for seven passengers and a pilot.
The H135 helicopter is easy to operate, requires minimal maintenance and is highly economical, thus reducing operating and training costs. The helicopter is perfect for initial training, advanced training, training in the implementation of specific tasks and refresher courses.
Customers are offered a choice of engines from two manufacturers. Each of them is equipped with an independent digital engine management system (FADEC), which fully controls the engine and provides a high level of safety.
Maintenance of the main rotor of the H135 helicopter is carried out on condition.
The design of the screw provides good maneuverability, and its high location ensures the safety of the helicopter on the ground when the engine is on. Increased by 20 cm in diameter, the rotor provides a large lifting force at a constant engine power.
In 2015, Airbus Helicopters celebrated its 20 years of presence in the Russian market: in 1995, the first flight was made by the EMERCOM of Russia 105.
Airbus Helicopters Vostok, known as Eurocopter Vostok before 2014, is an 100% subsidiary of Airbus Helicopters, established in 2006 for the purpose of selling helicopter equipment, providing customer support, and safe operation and maintenance of a helicopter fleet in Russia and the CIS.
Airbus Helicopters occupies more than 60% of the Russian market of western-made gas-turbine helicopters and at present the AH fleet in Russia numbers about 200 helicopters, and in other CIS countries more than 70.
JSC Ural Civil Aviation Plant is part of the Oboronprom corporation - a diversified industrial and investment group in the field of mechanical engineering and high technologies; it is a member of the Association of Aviation Engine Building. The plant is mainly engaged in the repair of power plants for helicopters developed by Mil and Kamov design bureau.
Vice President Airbus Helicopters and Program Manager H135 Axel Humpert said that Airbus Helicopters is discussing the idea of using Russian components.
According to him, Russian parts have been used before, but only if this was required by Russian customers.
“We already had a similar experience (using Russian components) in the production of the Eurocopter EC135Т2 helicopter. Eight helicopters were delivered with Transas navigation systems. They may be integrated into the local production of H135, at the request of customers. We also plan to explore in the future integration of Russian equipment, starting with medical ", - said Humpert.
Concern Airbus Helicopters plans to deliver to Russia 160 medical helicopters H125 over the next 10 years.
Among potential customers, the manufacturer considers the Emergencies Ministry, Sogaz, several regional ministries of health and regional health departments, as well as Gazprom Aviation, Russian Railways, and PANH. We are planning to hold talks with all these companies during the Helirussia helicopter exhibition, which will open in Moscow on May 19.
At the beginning of this year, the Ural Civil Aviation Plant (UZGA) and Airbus signed a license agreement for the production of H135 helicopters in Russia. It is planned to start production with four helicopters. Timing the start of the assembly is scheduled for 2017 year.
In addition, UZGA has signed an agreement with Turbomeca on the maintenance of the Arrius B2BPlus engines and a memorandum of understanding for the assembly of these engines.
In the transport version, the helicopter can carry up to 7 passengers, in the medical version - one or two injured and up to four accompanying. In Russia, 11 helicopters of this type were in commercial operation (in the airlines Gazprom Avia and PANH).
At HeliRussia in Moscow for the first time Airbus Helicopters will show a live H135 in a medical version and a H160 layout, come.
By the way, the demonstration flights of H135 at the Crocus site can be seen today from 10 to 12 hours.