Military Review

Willys MB: the most massive jeep of the Second World War

38
Today, the American SUV since World War II is easily recognizable in any photographs of the military and post-war years, it is a frequent guest on the silver screen not only in the documentary chronicles, but also in almost all tapes about this war. The car during his life became a real classic and gave the name to a whole class of cars. Currently, the word “jeep” denotes any car that has a good cross in off-road conditions, but initially this nickname was assigned to a very specific example of technology, whose fate was closely intertwined not only with the United States, but also with history our country.


This story began in the spring of 1940, when the US military formulated technical requirements for the design of a light commander and reconnaissance vehicle with a quarter-ton carrying capacity with the wheel formula 4х4. The tight deadlines of the announced competition quickly knocked out almost all possible applicants from it, except for two companies, American Bantam and Willys-Overland Motors, which were later joined by a recognized American auto giant, the Ford concern. More information about the history of the appearance of American jeeps, unfair for some and triumphant for others, you can find out Article "Bow": the first Jeep Lend-Lease.

After ordering to each of the three participants in the contest of cars for 1500 copies, the company “Willis” was finally recognized as the winner, which began mass production of the army all-terrain vehicle under the designation Willys MB from 1941. Since 1942, the concern Ford has joined the production of a licensed copy of "Willis", the car was produced under the designation Ford GPW. In total, until the end of the Second World War, American factories collected in aggregate more than 650 thousands of cars, which were forever in history with the first “jeeps”. At the same time, the release of the Willis continued after the war.



Under the Lend-Lease program during the war years, the USSR received about 52 thousands of “Jeeps”, who fought on all fronts of the Great Patriotic War. The first deliveries of American SUVs to the Soviet Union began in the summer of 1942. In the Red Army, the car quickly became popular and was widely used in a variety of roles, including as a light artillery tractor, which was used to tow 45-mm anti-tank and 76-mm divisional guns.

Where exactly came the nickname Jeep (Jeep), it is not known until now. In one of the most popular versions, this is the usual abbreviation for the military designation of cars General Purpose, GP, sounds like a gi, or jeep. According to another version, it all comes down to the American military slang, in which the word "jeep" denoted untested vehicles. In any case, all the “Willys” started calling jeeps, and Willys-Overland Motors itself in February 1943, at the height of the war, registered the Jeep trademark. At the same time, in Russian, this word was firmly established for all imported off-road vehicles, regardless of the manufacturer’s company.

In the United States during the Second World War, jeeps were produced at two factories - Willys-Overland and Ford. It is worth noting that the cars of these two enterprises were almost completely identical, although they had a number of small differences. So, at the very beginning of production, Willys MB and Ford GPW had a vystampovka with the name of the manufacturing company on the rear walls of the car, but over time they decided to give it up. At the same time, an experienced eye could always distinguish a Ford car from a Wilis car. In the Ford SUV, the transverse frame under the radiator was made profile, while the Willis had a tubular one. The brake and clutch pedals on the Ford GPW were cast, not stamped, as on Willys MB. The heads of some bolts were marked with the letter “F”, in addition to this, the rear glove compartment covers had a different configuration. During the war years, the company Willys-Overland produced about 363 thousands of SUVs, and Ford manufactured about 280 thousands of cars of this type.



In a very simple-looking body of a military SUV had its own characteristics. The main ones are the complete absence of doors, the presence of a folding canvas top and a windshield that flips to the hood of the car. A spare wheel and a canister were fixed on the outside of the back of the jeep, and a shovel, ax and other entrenching tools could be placed on the sides. For the sake of the military purpose of the car designers have placed the fuel tank under the driver's seat, every time you refuel the seat had to be reclined. Headlights "Willis" were slightly recessed relative to the grille line. This detail was directly related to the peculiarity of their attachment: you could loosen one nut, after which the optics immediately turned the diffusers downwards, becoming a light source during the night repair of the car or allowing the jeep to move in the dark without using a special blackout device.

The supporting element of the Willys MB body was a spar frame, with which, with the help of springs supplemented with single-acting shock absorbers, continuous axle bridges equipped with locking differentials were connected. As the power plant on the car used in-line 4-cylinder engine displacement 2199 cm 3 and hp power 60. The engine was designed to use gasoline with an octane rating not lower than 66. It was combined with a mechanical three-speed gearbox. With the help of a transfer case, the front axle of an SUV could be turned off, as well as downshifting. An important feature of a lightweight, mobile, but narrow army all-terrain vehicle was the drum brakes of all wheels with hydraulic drive. In this compact and lightweight jeep could easily overcome the ford to the depth of 50 cm, and after installing special equipment - to the 1,5 meter. The designers even provided for the possibility of getting rid of water that could have accumulated in the box body. For this purpose, a special drain hole with a plug was made in the bottom of the car.

The transmission of the car used a two-stage razdatka Spacer's Dana 18, which, when turned on by the downshift driver, reduced the number of revolutions going from the box to the axles 1,97 times. In addition, it also served to turn off the front axle while driving on highways and paved roads. The jeep's fuel tank could hold almost 57 liters of fuel, the carrying capacity of a small car reached 250 kg. The steering control used the mechanism of the company "Ross" with a worm gear. At the same time, there was no power steering in the steering system, so the steering wheel of the jeep was quite tight.



Open doorless body, designed for four people and the installation of a lightweight removable canvas top, was all-metal. His equipment was truly spartan, on the principle - nothing superfluous. Even the wipers on this car were hand held. The front glass of the car had a lifting frame, to reduce the height of the jeep, it could lean forward on the hood. Both tent-shaped arcs of the tubular form in the folded position coincided along the contour and were located in a horizontal plane, repeating the outlines of the rear part of the Willys MB SUV. Behind a tent of protective color instead of glass there was a large rectangular opening.

Speaking about the Willys MB car, it is difficult not to mention the exceptionally successful, thoughtful and rational design of the body shape, as well as its unique charm, which has survived to the present day. The aesthetics of the SUV was immaculate. This is the case when, as they say, neither subtract nor add. In general, the jeep was perfectly arranged. Designers managed to provide a convenient approach to the units and components of the car during their dismantling and maintenance. Also, "Willis" had excellent dynamics, high speed on the highway, good maneuverability and sufficient maneuverability. The small dimensions of the vehicle, especially its width, made it possible to drive along the frontal forests, which were accessible only to infantrymen, without any particular problems. There were car and pronounced flaws, which include low lateral stability (the flip side of a small width), which required the driver to competent management, especially when cornering. Also, a narrow gauge often did not allow the car to fit into the track, which was broken by other machines.

The color of the whole car "Willis" was made without exception in the color of "American khaki" (which was closer to the olive color), while it was always matte. Tires of the car were black and featured a straight tread pattern. The steering wheel of a jeep with a diameter of 438 mm was also painted in olive color. On the instrument panel there was a 4 pointer, including the speedometer, all their dials were also painted a protective color. When driving a car, doorways could overlap with special, detachable wide seat belts.



Starting in the summer of 1942, the Willis began to massively enter the USSR under the Lend-Lease program. American SUV has proven itself in the conduct of hostilities. Depending on the military situation and the type of troops, the vehicle served both as a reconnaissance commander and a tractor for cannons. On many "Willis" were installed machine guns, as well as other small weapon. Part of the ball machines was specially reworked for medical care - they were placed stretchers. Interestingly, in the Soviet Union, all the jeeps were known under the name "Willys", although many Lend-Lease SUVs were not products of Willys-Overland, but of Ford.

In total, about 52 thousands of cars of this type got into the USSR Some of these cars were delivered to the Soviet Union in disassembled form, in boxes. These American vehicle assemblies were assembled at special assembly sites that were deployed in Kolomna and Omsk during the war. The main advantages of this car include good acceleration and high speed, as well as good maneuverability and small size, which facilitated the camouflage of the jeep on the ground. The maneuverability of the car was provided by a good level of its cross-country ability and a small turning radius.

After the victory, the thousands of cars that remained on the move were transferred to the national economy of the country, where they carried not the military, but the collective farm chairmen, directors of state farms and various middle and lower managers. Sometimes, in the outback, even district committee workers drove these jeeps (possibly, following the example of Presidents Roosevelt and de Gaulle). Over time, cars from the army and from various civil organizations fell into private hands. Due to this fact, many copies of "Willis" survived in our country to this day, becoming real collectible copies.



Willys MB tactical and technical characteristics:
Overall dimensions: length - 3335 mm, width - 1570 mm, height - 1770 mm (with awning).
Ground clearance - 220 mm.
Wheelbase - 2032 mm.
Empty weight - 1113 kg.
Load capacity - 250 kg.
The power plant is an 4-cylinder engine with a liter 2,2 volume and HP 60 power.
Maximum speed (highway) - 105 km / h.
Maximum speed with a trailer 45-mm gun - 86 km / h.
Fuel tank capacity - 56,8 liters.
Cruising on the highway - 480 km.
Seats - 4.

Information sources:
http://warfor.me/avtomobili-villis-mv
http://retrotruck.ru/museum/legend-lend-lease/183
http://techno-story.ru/articles/auto/204-avtomobil-soldat-armejskij-polnoprivodnyj-avtomobil-willys-mb
http://proauto.in.ua/armejskie-avtomobili/190-willys-ma-mb-1941---1945
http://retrobazar.com/references/dictionary/item_393
Open source materials
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  1. slovak007
    slovak007 19 May 2016 07: 04
    +3
    Judging by the last picture, the number of seats could reach up to 6. But in general, a good machine, in the photo it really turns out more than in reality.
    1. Max_Bauder
      Max_Bauder 19 May 2016 16: 15
      +2
      and now I’d buy it if only :)
      1. loft79
        loft79 19 May 2016 20: 30
        0
        There would be money, maybe everything. True Used (1941) hi http://www.ebay.com/itm/Willys-Green-/191873797763
      2. Marsblade
        Marsblade 20 May 2016 04: 29
        0
        You will laugh, but they are still being released. For example, the company Mahindra from India, in Mitsubishi for the Japanese army, until recently, they did, and many more where ...
  2. qwert
    qwert 19 May 2016 07: 18
    +1
    All the while, it was curious what the author was hiding under the entry: Materials from open sources. Like the above listed sites. And then what then?
  3. bionik
    bionik 19 May 2016 07: 18
    +2
    Jeep "Willis" and American soldiers listen to the broadcast of the fourth match of the MLB World Series between the St. Louis Cardinals and St. Louis Browns. Siegfried Line.
  4. bionik
    bionik 19 May 2016 07: 23
    +1
    Corporal Stepan Vasilievich Ovcharenko for the Maxim machine gun. The Maxim is mounted at the rear of the Willis.

    The American army off-road vehicle Willys has been supplied to the Red Army under Lend-Lease since the summer of 1942 (modifications to Willys MB and Willys MA). In total, about 52 thousand vehicles were delivered to the USSR until the end of the war.
    1. gray smeet
      gray smeet 19 May 2016 09: 07
      +8
      Quote: bionik

      The American army off-road vehicle Willys has been supplied to the Red Army under Lend-Lease since the summer of 1942 (modifications to Willys MB and Willys MA). In total, about 52 thousand vehicles were delivered to the USSR until the end of the war.


      Thanks to the Americans - in those years they really helped as much as they could, what they asked for and sent, in very large volumes! 52 thousand of these machines only.
      In addition, the Americans delivered to the USSR:
      18 thousand combat aircraft, 12 thousand tanks and self-propelled guns, 7 thousand armored personnel carriers, 520 ships of different classes, 375 thousand trucks and 35 thousand motorcycles, 2 thousand steam locomotives, 11 thousand cars and 620 thousand tons of railway rails , 7 thousand airborne radio transmitters, 16 thousand tank and 53 thousand various other radio stations, 619 thousand telephones and 2 million km of telephone wire (you can wrap the Earth around the equator 48 times), 3 thousand km of fire hose, 10 million radio tubes, 170 ground and 370 airborne radars, 12 tons of precious cesium and 10 thousand tons of graphite electrodes, 45 thousand metal-cutting machines and 104 heavy presses, 8 thousand small-caliber anti-aircraft guns and 18 million shells for them, 6 thousand sets semi-automatic anti-aircraft sights and 903 thousand detonators of various types, 603 million rifle-caliber cartridges and 3 million shells for 20-mm air cannons, 6 thousand tons of tetraethyl lead (anti-knock additive to aviation gasoline) and 1.170 thousand tons of finished aviation gasoline (taking into account the high octane new "light fractions"), 13 million pairs of leather army boots and 40 million grams of streptocide ...
      And also 3,6 million tires, 123 thousand tons of gunpowder, as well as about 150 thousand tons of chemicals for gunpowder production, 266 thousand tons of brass, 46 thousand tons of dynamite, 146 thousand tons of finished trinitrotoluene (TNT ) and 114 thousand tons of toluene ... 13,8 thousand tons of metallic nickel were obtained from the USA under Lend-Lease, another 13 thousand tons were supplied by the British. In absolute terms, this is enough for armor of 45 thousand tanks, in relative terms - three quarters of the nickel resource in the USSR. The Americans sent 16,9 thousand tons of molybdenum concentrate, which covers the needs of the entire tank building industry in the USSR. Received under Lend-Lease in the amount of 1.100 units. ... self-propelled anti-aircraft guns M-15A1 and M-17. For example: The barrel for the T-35/85 tank was bored at factory # 92 with machines sent under Lend-Lease, the enlarged T-34/85 tower "turret ring" (increased from 1420 to 1600 mm) was also processed on boring machines according to lend-lease. The Americans sent 14.203.000 kg of high speed tool steel. Drills, cutters, cutters for processing armored steel - I have no exact data ..
      1. gray smeet
        gray smeet 19 May 2016 09: 34
        0
        Perhaps, if there had been another US president at that time, there would have been no Lend-Lease. On January 6, 1941, speaking before the Congress with the justification of what later became known as "Lend-Lease", President F.D. Roosevelt said: "Let's say to democracies," We Americans have a vital interest in protecting your freedom. We offer you our energy, our resources, and our organizational power to empower you to restore and maintain a free world. "

        If at that moment President Truman would do what Roosevelt did?

        P.S. Roosevel at that moment called us: "Let's say democratic countries ..... "And now Stalin is called a tyrant ... That's how it happens in life!
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 19 May 2016 11: 25
          +3
          Quote: gray smeet
          Perhaps if there was a different US president at that time, there would not be any Lend-Lease.

          Would be. For Lend-Lease and support for Britain as a whole are, first of all, orders for the US military-industrial complex. And which of the real masters of the United States will refuse to make money on the war?
          The isolationists and the Rooseveltians, by and large, differed only in their approach to the question of direct participation of the United States in the war. And all the initiatives on the supply of weapons passed through Congress without particularly strong opposition. Persistent isolationists were a minority, even among their own.
      2. sherp2015
        sherp2015 19 May 2016 11: 24
        +2
        Quote: gray smeet
        Thanks to the Americans - in those years they really helped as much as they could, what they asked for and sent, in very large volumes! 52 thousand of these machines only.
        In addition, the Americans delivered to the USSR:



        Can the bastards help. But this is probably when it is beneficial to them ...
        1. iouris
          iouris 19 May 2016 14: 03
          +1
          One can only be surprised at the naive belief that the USSR and the USA, the USSR and the British Empire, the USA and the British Empire were allies. The US has no allies. Moreover, the British Empire could not have them, which, following the results of WWII, ceased to exist, and its colonies became markets for goods from the United States.
          The USSR could not have allies, in principle. The USSR was a tool to achieve US goals and a cake.
          1. gray smeet
            gray smeet 19 May 2016 15: 10
            +1
            Quote: iouris
            One can only be surprised at the naive belief that the USSR and the USA, the USSR and the British Empire, the USA and the British Empire were allies. The US has no allies. Moreover, the British Empire could not have them, which, following the results of WWII, ceased to exist, and its colonies became markets for goods from the United States.
            The USSR could not have allies, in principle. The USSR was a tool to achieve US goals and a cake.


            Well, actually no one says here (all the more naive) that the United States so wanted to be friends with the USSR - but you need to say thank you, simply for the reason that no one, or anything like that, could be put in the USSR at that time - not just like that, nor for money. And this help really helped, from the beginning to withstand, and then break the ridge of Nazi Germany! By no means do I want to belittle the USSR or elevate the United States — no.
            It's just our story and we need to know it - that's all.
            1. iouris
              iouris 20 May 2016 00: 02
              -2
              Truman (senator, then president) after Germany's attack on the USSR regarding how to help and whom: "... and let them kill each other as much as possible."
              And we also say that you need to know the story!
      3. Pancho
        Pancho 19 May 2016 12: 29
        -4
        Quote: gray smeet
        Thanks to the Americans - in those years they really helped as much as they could, what they asked for and sent, in very large volumes!

        I dare say that help for money (it's not a secret that the USSR paid in gold and not only) help not considered.
        1. gray smeet
          gray smeet 19 May 2016 12: 54
          +1
          Quote: Pancho

          I dare say that help for money (it's not a secret that the USSR paid in gold and not only) help not considered.


          The USSR was subject to the US Lend-Lease Act, based on the following principles:
          - all payments for delivered materials are made after the end of the war
          - materials to be destroyed are not subject to any payment
          - materials that will remain suitable for civilian needs are paid no earlier than 5 years after the end of the war, in the manner of granting long-term loans
          - US share in Lend-Lease - 96,4%

          Deliveries from the USA to the USSR can be divided into the following stages:
          pre-lease lease - until September 30, 1941 (paid in gold)
          first protocol - from October 1, 1941 to June 30, 1942 (signed on October 1, 1941 - after the Moscow conference of representatives of the USSR, USA and Great Britain.)
          second protocol - from July 1, 1942 to June 30, 1943 (signed on October 6, 1942)
          third protocol - from July 1, 1943 to June 30, 1944 (signed on October 19, 1943)
          fourth protocol - from July 1, 1944, (signed April 17, 1944), formally ended on May 12, 1945, but supplies were extended until the end of the war with Japan, which the USSR pledged to enter 90 days after the end of the war in Europe (that is, August 8, 1945) ... From the Soviet side, he received the name "October 17 Program" (1944) or fifth protocol... From the American - "Program" Milepost. Japan surrendered on September 2, 1945, and on September 20, 1945, all deliveries under Lend-Lease to the USSR were stopped.
          In addition, during the Second World War in the United States, the "Russia War Relief" was created, which donated medicines, medical supplies and equipment, food and clothing worth more than $ 1,5 billion. In England, a similar committee operated, but the amount collected by it was much more modest. And at the expense of the Armenians of Iran and Ethiopia, money was collected for the construction of a tank column named after Baghramyan.
          1. gray smeet
            gray smeet 19 May 2016 13: 06
            +1
            Gold paid for the supply of pre-Lend-Lease 1941!
            The most interesting thing is that the USSR (Russia) has still not paid for the rest of the assistance provided to it! And the point here is not that the Lend-Lease debt is a certain astronomical amount. Quite the contrary, both the USSR and Russia were able to pay at any moment, but the whole thing, as always, is not in money, but in politics.
            The United States decided not to pretend to pay for military supplies under Lend-Lease, but it was proposed that the USSR pay for civil suppliesHowever, Stalin refused even to report the results of the inventory of the goods received. (Stalin correctly did that he did not give data on material resources in the national economy (the same jeeps, studebakers), which worked for the economy destroyed by the war). Although the Americans, referring to Article V of the Agreement of June 11, 1942, could demand data and a return on civilian equipment.

            In 1948 The USSR agreed to pay only a small amount. (By the way, before 5 years, those stipulated by Lend-Lease) In 1951. The United States twice reduced the payment amount to 800 million dollars, and the USSR agreed to pay only 300 million. Partially, the debt was paid off during the time of N. Khrushchev, the remainder amounted to about 750 million dollars in the era of L. Brezhnev. By agreement of 1972 The USSR agreed to pay 722 million dollars, together with interest, by 1973. 48 million were paid, after which payments ceased. In 1990 A new maturity was established - 2030. in the amount of 674 million dollars.
            Thus, of the total volume of American lend-lease supplies of $ 11 billion to the USSR, and then by Russia, it was recognized and then partially paid, $ 722 million, or about 7%. However, it is worth considering that today's dollar is "lighter" than the dollar of 1945 by about 15 times.

            These are the numbers.
            Maybe I’ve made a mistake somewhere with the numbers - in a hurry I wrote everything, if anyone finds inaccuracies - thanks.
            1. Uncle Murzik
              Uncle Murzik 19 May 2016 14: 07
              +1
              In addition, the USSR paid in gold for allied supplies. So, only one British cruiser "Edinburgh", which was sunk by German submarines in May 1942, contained 5,5 tons of precious metal.

              A significant part of the weapons and military equipment, as expected under the Lend-Lease agreement, the Soviet Union returned after the war. Having received in exchange an invoice for a round sum of $ 1300 million. Against the backdrop of the cancellation of Lend-Lease debts to other powers, this looked like an outright robbery, therefore JV Stalin demanded that the “allied debt” be recounted.


              Subsequently, the Americans were forced to admit that they were mistaken, but added interest to the total amount, and the final amount, taking into account these percentages, recognized by the USSR and the USA under the Washington agreement in 1972, amounted to 722 million greens. Of these, 48 million were paid by the United States under Leonid Brezhnev, in three equal installments in 1973, after which the payments were discontinued due to the introduction of discriminatory measures by the American side in trade with the USSR (in particular, the notorious “Jackson-Vanik Amendment” - author).

              Only in June 1990, during new negotiations between Presidents George W. Bush and M.S. Gorbachev, did the parties return to a discussion of Lend-Lease debt, during which a new deadline for final repayment of debt was established - 2030, and the remaining amount of debt - 674 million dollars.
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 19 May 2016 15: 51
          +1
          Quote: Pancho
          I dare say that help for money (it’s not a secret that the USSR paid in gold and not only), help is not considered.

          Not everything is so simple. ©
          For starters, the Lend-Lease program was extended to the USSR only from the beginning of October 1941.
          Further, already under the current Lend-Lease, the USSR still continued to purchase part of the cargo for gold. These cargoes went together with Lend-Lease, in the same convoys, along the same routes.
          And the USSR paid the price of the war precisely for the pre-delysian and purchased goods.

          And after the war, a debt for civil Lend-Lease goods hung on the USSR. Under the terms of Lend-Lease, civilian goods remaining at the end of the war were either to be returned or paid. The USSR, on the other hand, pulled the United States into a discussion on the amount of payment - and as a result extended negotiations and payments so much that, in terms of 1945 dollars, it paid, EMNIP, about 1% of the amount that was originally requested by the United States.
          1. Uncle Murzik
            Uncle Murzik 19 May 2016 18: 23
            +1
            A significant part of the weapons and military equipment, as expected under the Lend-Lease agreement, the Soviet Union returned after the war. Having received in exchange an invoice for a round sum of $ 1300 million. Against the backdrop of the cancellation of Lend-Lease debts to other powers, this looked like an outright robbery, therefore JV Stalin demanded that the “allied debt” be recounted.


            Subsequently, the Americans were forced to admit that they were mistaken, but screwed on the total amount! That is, the Allies tried to inflate us too
        3. The comment was deleted.
        4. Marsblade
          Marsblade 20 May 2016 04: 34
          0
          I support in full ...
      4. Uncle Murzik
        Uncle Murzik 19 May 2016 14: 09
        0
        If we see that Germany wins the war, we should help Russia, and if Russia wins, we should help Germany, and let them kill as much as possible, ”US President Harry Truman, 1941 Senator. USA and adhered to this doctrine throughout the howl
        1. gray smeet
          gray smeet 19 May 2016 14: 19
          0
          Quote: Uncle Murzik
          - US President Harry Truman, Senator 1941. USA and adhered to this doctrine throughout the howl


          I wrote above that if it were not for Roosevelt to be the president at that time, and Truman - how would everything have worked out ... request
          1. Uncle Murzik
            Uncle Murzik 19 May 2016 18: 19
            0
            Already during the Nuremberg trials, the former president of the Imperial Bank, Hjalmar Schacht, said in an interview with an American lawyer: “If you want to indict industrialists who helped rearm Germany, then you must indict yourself. You will be required to indict the Americans. The Opel automobile plant, for example, did not produce anything other than military products. Your General Motors owned this plant. And what did it do during the war? hi
      5. Marsblade
        Marsblade 20 May 2016 04: 31
        +1
        The Americans did not deliver them (and everything else) for thanks to us, but for solid gold. We finally decided to pay for those deliveries only by the 90s ...
        1. gray smeet
          gray smeet 20 May 2016 09: 03
          0
          Quote: MarsBlade
          The Americans did not deliver them (and everything else) for thanks to us, but for solid gold. We finally decided to pay for those deliveries only by the 90s..


          in June 1990, during new negotiations between Presidents George W. Bush and M.S. Gorbachev, the parties returned to a discussion of the Lend-Lease debt, during which A new deadline for final repayment of debt is set in 2030, and the remaining amount of debt is $ 674 million.
          Without arguing:
          As for solid gold - you do not have accurate information, I wrote above, indicating all the numbers.

          And for an example: the USSR did not just supply military products for many years during military operations in Angola, Vietnam, Cuba, etc. also for a solid money (!) - for whoever is healthy no one will help, she laid a debt on these countries - Russia, over the years, wrote off all these debts (despite the fact that we are not so rich!), but the United States is not Russia - it is a fact.
  5. inkass_98
    inkass_98 19 May 2016 07: 25
    +2
    The location of the canisters in front of the radiator grille of the car indicates either the "huge" combat experience of the medical staff (the Canadians, apparently), or that the car was always aft to the front edge.
    Canisters, by the way, are classic German.
    1. Stas57
      Stas57 19 May 2016 12: 27
      +4
      Quote: inkass_98
      The location of the canisters in front of the radiator grille of the car indicates either the "huge" combat experience of the medical staff (the Canadians, apparently), or that the car was always aft to the front edge.
      Canisters, by the way, are classic German.

      But the Pasans do not know how to ...
  6. bionik
    bionik 19 May 2016 07: 25
    +2
    View of the Willis jeep with stacked mortar mines and a 60 mm M2 mortar in New Caledonia.
  7. igordok
    igordok 19 May 2016 08: 05
    +8
    And I visually like the Dodge 3 / 4 (Dodge WC-51). But I don’t know who he was considered, a jeep or a truck. I hope the article will be about him. Thanks.
    1. bionik
      bionik 19 May 2016 12: 36
      +3
      A unit of Soviet mortar racers is driving in front of the parliament building in Vienna in an American-made Dodge WC-51 all-terrain vehicle towing two 120-mm mortars. In the background is a Studebaker US6x4 U-7 truck.
  8. Bayonet
    Bayonet 19 May 2016 08: 05
    +2
    The car is legendary. He was in excellent condition with a friend in the 80s. It was cool to drive the company in the open Willis, the people were delighted! good
  9. Free wind
    Free wind 19 May 2016 08: 36
    0
    Lightweight, mobile, but narrow ??????? Track 140 cm, is that a little? And how much should be ????? 3 meters or something. So for UAZ 140 cm and Niva 140 cm and a width comparable to 150-160 cm, but these are stable, but it capsizes request
    1. Bigriver
      Bigriver 19 May 2016 09: 55
      +2
      Quote: Free Wind
      ...narrow??????? Track 140 cm, is that a little? And how much should be ????? 3 meters or something. So for UAZ 140 cm and Niva 140 cm ...

      Willis has 1230 mm.
      The 469th - 1445 mm.
      1. not main
        not main 19 May 2016 21: 32
        0
        Quote: BigRiver
        Willis has 1230 mm.
        The 469th - 1445 mm.

        At 3163-1600mm.
  10. Verdun
    Verdun 19 May 2016 11: 47
    +3
    The cars delivered under the lend-lease were a real help from the Allies. You can't erase a word from the song. At the same time, "Willis" turned out to be a truly successful car. How many times was it upgraded afterwards, but still continued to be produced?
    1. St_tov
      St_tov 19 May 2016 22: 27
      +1
      The company went bankrupt in 1953. Clones were released under other names until the end of the twentieth century. But still a little - less than half a million.
  11. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 19 May 2016 13: 41
    +1
    The legendary car - what can I say! Thank you for the article.
  12. Lens
    Lens 20 May 2016 22: 08
    0
    Little dream smile . Where to find one now? Even a clone.
    1. Drekken
      Drekken 13 May 2019 23: 44
      0
      We recently sold on Unimark) https://znaktb.by. Watch out there.