Military Review

The aim complex 1PN137 of the plant "Jupiter"

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According to Nikolai Klimkin, general director of the optical-mechanical plant JSC Jupiter, located in the city of Valdai, 9 in May as part of the Victory Parade, the latest collimator sights were demonstrated, which are intended for the promising complete set of equipment for the future soldier Ratnik. We can say that this is not about a normal sight, but about a full-fledged aiming complex 1PN137, which includes a sight, a night monocular, a magnifying tube and a laser pointer.


Valdai Optical-Mechanical Plant "Jupiter" was founded in 1967 year as a branch of the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant (KMZ), but over time turned into a completely independent enterprise, transformed into 1992 year in a joint-stock company. The main products of "Jupiter" today are night vision devices (monoculars and binoculars), and recently the range of products manufactured at the plant has expanded significantly. Currently, the company manufactures finished products: sighting systems for the needs of the Ministry of Defense of Russia, holographic and collimator sights, thermal imaging equipment, night vision devices, thermal imaging optics from zinc selenium and germanium, as well as micro-optics. It all began with the manufacture of lenses for the popular Soviet camera "Zenith", which was supplied to 65 countries of the world.

In 2015, the company completed work on the creation of a day-night sighting and observation complex (DNPC), designated 1PN137. Work on it was carried out in the framework of development work on the theme "Warrior-2". The main designer of the sighting system created by “Jupiter” is the laureate of the Prize of the Government of the Russian Federation, MV Chugunov. The structure created by the complex includes a collimator sight 1P87 ( "Valdai 120 PC"), monocular night 1PN138 ( "Valdai MN120"), visual tube 1P90 ( "Valdai ZT410") and a laser designator 1K241. Complement their special devices designed for mounting elements of the sighting complex on weapon fighter and his protective helmet. According to the results of a series of comparative tests of DNPK, the commissioned JSC “Jupiter” was recognized as the best by the commission, and according to the results of state tests, the elements of DNPK and the whole complex were recommended for adoption.

Sighting system 1PN137


The use of a new collimator sight as part of the complex makes it possible to significantly increase the effectiveness of hitting targets from small arms with a high rate of firing at objects that are moving or appearing for a very short time, and also to conduct aimed fire from weapons in low light or twilight (darkened rooms, night) at application with a night monocular mounted on the gunner’s arms or his protective helmet. At the same time, the collimator sight got the function of adjusting the brightness of the sighting mark, which allows it to quickly change its brightness, providing a fairly clear visibility of the mark against the background of the target, both when observing it in daytime conditions in the direction of the sun, and in natural light conditions at night. And the type of the aiming mark of the sight can be set by any.

The 1P87 reflex sight is single, it has an enlightened prism window of the size 25х25 mm, providing an angular field of view 12 degrees. According to the manufacturer, the light transmission of the device in any conditions is 80%. Compared to high-end optics, this is a rather modest value, which is most likely caused by an obvious desire to get an inexpensive and massive sight at the exit. The sight is powered from a standard 1,5-volt AA battery, which provides continuous operation at the level of 1000 hours at medium brightness. The use of such a battery does not create any supply problems; they can be purchased anywhere in the world. In accordance with the conditions of the Russian climate, the working temperature range of the sight ranges from -40 ° С to + 50 ° С.

The aim complex 1PN137 of the plant "Jupiter"
Reflex Sight 1P87




The prismatic scheme of obtaining a collimator beam used in the 1P87 sight allows in practice to realize the best performance of the sight today: an almost unlimited field of view, when the terrain is observed with two eyes and the target and sign remain in the field of view of the shooter. In addition, the shooter can vary the size of the aiming mark at its discretion, the latter has immediately 9 degrees of brightness: 5 daytime and 4 for night time of day. Some complications of the sight design and an obvious desire to make it as reliable and durable as possible led to an increase in the size (133x80x53 mm) and weight (298 grams) of the sight. The 1P87 is mounted on a firearm using the integrated mount for the Picatinny rail.

A feature of the sight is the absence of parallax effect at a distance from 100 to 200 meters, it is also completely devoid of aberration parallax regardless of distance. In addition, he does not have his own unmasking radiation in the direction of the target, as well as glare of external radiation in both night and daytime conditions. The design of the sight is waterproof. It can be immersed in water to a depth of two meters for one hour without losing the performance of the device.

For aiming firing with increased magnification of the magnification directly behind the collimator can be installed telescope 1P90, having 5-fold increase. This aiming tube has an ultra-light construction, made of special aluminum alloy. It is very easy to mount and remove, without changing the position of the middle point of impact. The tube is designed to monitor the terrain and its study, the consideration of remote objects and objects in the daytime. Angular field of view of a device 1P90 - 5 degrees. Overall dimensions - 122х45х46 mm, weight - 180 grams. The telescope retains its performance in the temperature range from -50 ° С to + 50 ° С. The tube remains sealed when immersed in water to a depth of 1 meter.

Telescope 1P90


At night, in combination with the 1P87 collimator sight, a night vision monocular, designated 1PN138, can be used. The device is designed to perform covert observation in low light conditions, as well as to conduct aimed fire at night when used in conjunction with a collimator sight, or a laser target designator. This device was developed on the basis of 3-generation EOP (electron-optical converter). He came to replace the night vision goggles used earlier, as it has much greater versatility: it can be fixed not only on the fighter's protective helmet (such as 1B47 or other), mask, but also directly on the weapon itself. At the same time, a night vision monocular with an angular field of view 40 degrees has a built-in IR illumination, which is invisible to the naked eye, which ensures the secrecy of observation.

The monocular is powered by one “AA” type battery on 1,5 volts, the operating time from one cell is 60 hours. The device remains operable at temperatures ranging from -40 ° C to + 50 ° C. The overall dimensions of the monocular are 120x70x52 mm, and its weight is 350 grams. The ultra-light design of the monocular, which is made of a special composite high-strength material, ensures its integrity when immersed in water to a depth of one meter. At the same time, the device can be operated with one hand, including with a glove.

Night Vision Monocular 1PN138




It should be noted that the sighting system 1PN137 as a whole reflects all modern approaches to the tactical and technical requirements and the high technological level of their practical implementation. After passing full-fledged military operation, it will be possible to identify the bottlenecks and shortcomings of the complex. The information obtained will form the basis of work on the next generation DNPC in the framework of the work on the “Warrior-3” theme, and, perhaps, the specialists of Jupiter JSC will create a completely different target complex, which will be built on different principles.

Information sources:
http://www.jupiter-optics.com
https://www.all4shooters.com/ru/strelba/optika/Yupiter-1PN137-pritselnyy-kompleks
http://zonwar.ru/news/news_48_Pricel_Ratnik.html
http://www.russianarms.ru/forum/index.php?topic=13131.0
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37 comments
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  1. Vladimir61
    Vladimir61 19 May 2016 07: 15
    +4
    His, it is always good, even if it will not be approved immediately.
    For a long time already there are camping mats on sale for tourists, - solar batteries for recharging mobile phones, etc. It seems to me that such rugs, in the form of a covered "patch" on a knapsack or on another part of the set, would be appropriate for using good batteries. 1,5 volts, this is three times less than what is needed for a mobile phone, and therefore the panel is required less.
    1. Cat man null
      Cat man null 19 May 2016 12: 07
      +3
      Quote: Vladimir61
      For a long time already there are camping mats on sale for tourists, - solar batteries for recharging mobile phones, etc. It seems to me that similar rugs, in the form of a covered "patch" on a knapsack or on another part of the set, would be appropriate for use

      ... yeah ... and into the fields with this "rug" ... under the snow, rain and stones from the sky ...

      IMHO - "will not take off" request
      1. KVIRTU
        KVIRTU 19 May 2016 13: 08
        +7
        This is you in vain. The idea is correct: to have in the kit Ratnik, even if not a charger, a recharger for "finger" batteries of the same sight from a solar battery.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. PKK
          PKK 19 May 2016 17: 46
          +2
          I have such a recharge "I'm not overjoyed", it shows 20 V, no current. If you really do it, then soundly, for a fool, in order to prevent polarity reversal, the coating is normal. Dust and moisture small stone protection.
          As for the collimator, I’ll say it’s time to calm down on this topic, the soldier on the shoulders sticks out well to aim and thanks not to the waist. A fiber optic sight is needed so that you can look out from the shelter by sticking out the sight, aim and shoot. for shelter. To hang out, this is already more expensive.
      2. Vladimir61
        Vladimir61 19 May 2016 21: 03
        +2
        Quote: Cat Man Null
        .. yeah ... and into the fields with this "rug" ... under the snow, rain and stones from the sky ...
        Do you know something about devices for charging batteries in digital devices based on film technologies? Or is it easier to say la-la? And in "Ratnik", food is necessary not only for this sight ...
  2. alex-cn
    alex-cn 19 May 2016 07: 21
    +8
    Collimators of the "open" type practically do not reduce the field of view and are optimal for high-speed shooting. their main drawback is their relatively low strength, but in this scope it is eliminated. You need to try in the troops ...
    1. NEXUS
      NEXUS 19 May 2016 08: 19
      +4
      Quote: alex-cn
      Collimators of the "open" type practically do not reduce the field of view and are optimal for high-speed shooting. their main drawback is their relatively low strength,

      And how does our "Kalimator" look against the background of Western samples then?
      At the same time, it would not be bad if such a sight stood on all our guns.
      1. alex-cn
        alex-cn 19 May 2016 09: 55
        0
        according to the declared optical characteristics, they are slightly higher than the western average. but in terms of strength it seems very good ...
      2. Dmitry 2246
        Dmitry 2246 19 May 2016 10: 00
        +3
        Any sight requires a skill of use, which allows you to effectively use it.
        The value of the complex is multifunctionality and small dimensions.
        But in modern warfare, it is less and less necessary to use small arms against the background of automatic artillery and sighting systems, weapon control systems of combat vehicles.
        All strive to hit the enemy at long ranges and large caliber.
        1. nazar_0753
          nazar_0753 19 May 2016 12: 14
          0
          Quote: Dmitry 2246
          Any sight requires a skill of use, which allows you to effectively use it.
          The value of the complex is multifunctionality and small dimensions.
          But in modern warfare, it is less and less necessary to use small arms against the background of automatic artillery and sighting systems, weapon control systems of combat vehicles.
          All strive to hit the enemy at long ranges and large caliber.

          Well, yes, so let's throw all the guns into the landfill, and give each fighter a large-caliber sniper rifle laughing
          1. DimerVladimer
            DimerVladimer 19 May 2016 16: 33
            +9
            Quote: nazar_0753
            Well, yes, so let's throw all the guns into the landfill, and give each fighter a large-caliber sniper rifle


            In vain you laugh. Sniper - the second person on the battlefield, after the machine gunner.
            During the defense of Sevastopol, an officer with the skills of sniper shooting from the SVT created such a targeted fire density by knocking out Wehrmacht officers and pressing an assault battalion to the ground (according to the memoirs of a German soldier) that they could not raise their heads - every shot killed someone - it greatly demoralizes .

            Ideally, the modern tactical group is: a sniper pair, covered with a machine gun and two arrows with grenade launchers on the flanks.
            The machine gun does not allow to rise, snipers aimingly destroy, the arrows cover the flanks from the bypass, or support the grenade launchers.
            1. nazar_0753
              nazar_0753 19 May 2016 19: 12
              0
              Quote: DimerVladimer
              Quote: nazar_0753
              Well, yes, so let's throw all the guns into the landfill, and give each fighter a large-caliber sniper rifle


              In vain you laugh. Sniper - the second person on the battlefield, after the machine gunner.
              During the defense of Sevastopol, an officer with the skills of sniper shooting from the SVT created such a targeted fire density by knocking out Wehrmacht officers and pressing an assault battalion to the ground (according to the memoirs of a German soldier) that they could not raise their heads - every shot killed someone - it greatly demoralizes .

              Ideally, the modern tactical group is: a sniper pair, covered with a machine gun and two arrows with grenade launchers on the flanks.
              The machine gun does not allow to rise, snipers aimingly destroy, the arrows cover the flanks from the bypass, or support the grenade launchers.

              I know how valuable a sniper is on the battlefield. But it is impossible to train not only everyone, but even half of the military as a sniper. Based on this, the infantry with machine guns will still remain as the most versatile soldiers. And it is desirable to increase their capabilities as much as possible (while, of course, observing certain frameworks - you should not try to create a universal super-soldier, "stealth pihota"). Therefore, I think it is inexpedient to replace everyone with snipers. Yours faithfully hi
              1. yehat
                yehat 20 May 2016 11: 50
                0
                need to understand the difference between sniper firing and a sniper.
                literate everyone can be trained in competent shooting, it’s not so difficult.
                Moreover, knowledge has the effect of a scattering wave. If half of the unit knows how to shoot well, others also have a chance to catch themselves.
                Training to be snipers is much more difficult and yes, it’s unrealistic. Moreover, psychologically far from everyone is capable of such work.
        2. yehat
          yehat 20 May 2016 11: 47
          0
          in any case, work on the effectiveness of fire contact is needed.
  3. inkass_98
    inkass_98 19 May 2016 07: 33
    .
    Was there no domestic machine? Or did the Germans do the sight, why did the MPi appear in the photo?
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Yak-3P
      Yak-3P 19 May 2016 09: 47
      +1
      on the shutter .. Dan is not Mr .. Kalash il Degidyatr-Kovrovets
      1. Chiropractor
        Chiropractor 19 May 2016 11: 03
        +2
        embarrassed the wire butt?
    3. Red_Hamer
      Red_Hamer 19 May 2016 15: 48
      +1
      "Kocherga" is not an indicator of belonging.
    4. Red_Hamer
      Red_Hamer 19 May 2016 16: 17
      0
      Rather looks like a nine (9x39), but with a "poker", why not? "Kochergu", and now (experts) attach as tuning "for themselves." And they rivet her to this day, and everywhere.
      1. The comment was deleted.
    5. Red_Hamer
      Red_Hamer 20 May 2016 02: 18
      0
      Unusual shape of the trigger guard.
  4. bars1
    bars1 19 May 2016 07: 43
    +5
    inkass_98, carefully consider the photo of the machine with a silencer and understand that this is the native Kalashnikov.
  5. free
    free 19 May 2016 07: 54
    +1
    this is great, a universal complex, thanks to the factory workers!
  6. Yak-3P
    Yak-3P 19 May 2016 09: 41
    0
    I want to play !! on a boar !! sikoko is interesting ?? .. and even throw such a small thing ... oh ..oo.
    1. alex-cn
      alex-cn 19 May 2016 10: 04
      +1
      Look at sightmark sights, inexpensively, decently, but they will be weaker in terms of impact resistance, etc., but you won’t be at war with them.
  7. Iskander
    Iskander 19 May 2016 10: 13
    -3
    the magnifer could have been made with a prism, for angling .....
    like it was on some kind of western site that there is an option with a prism ...
  8. The comment was deleted.
  9. Iskander
    Iskander 19 May 2016 10: 22
    +1
    like there was this picture, such prisms have a drawback, you need to be able to look and aim at the same time directly and from the side, although of course the snapping is quick ....
  10. nazar_0753
    nazar_0753 19 May 2016 10: 41
    -4
    At the same time, the collimator sight received the function of adjusting the brightness of the aiming mark, which allows you to quickly change its brightness, providing fairly clear visibility of the mark against the target, both when observing it in the daytime in the direction of the sun and in natural light at night. Moreover, the type of sighting mark of the sight can be set by anyone.

    Here I do not really understand. That is, a point, circle, "corner", "plus sign" or a portrait of Putin can be selected as an aiming mark on a collimator sight?) laughing
    1. hjcuhfybwf
      hjcuhfybwf 19 May 2016 14: 47
      +1
      Portrait of Beni will be claimed by all parties without discussion
  11. Longbowman
    Longbowman 19 May 2016 11: 05
    0
    So it is necessary to massively introduce this sighting system into the troops in various configurations - according to the needs of the existing AK-74, and not to rearm on the AK-12. There will be more sense.
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 19 May 2016 16: 49
      +3
      Wait - it’s worth dipping the sight a couple of times in the water-sand (mud) mixture and you can shoot the horseradish until you clean the glass, shoot when it rains - you need to periodically wipe the sight.
      This is not an open sight for you - he brushed away the dirt and shoot again.
      The collimator sight is afraid of pollution and requires certain conditions, which does not imply its mass use in the troops. There are no miracles.
      The collimator sight is good for tactical combat in ideal conditions.
  12. vnord
    vnord 19 May 2016 11: 26
    0
    Quote: Vladimir61
    For a long time already there are camping mats on sale for tourists, - solar batteries for recharging mobile phones, etc. It seems to me that such rugs, in the form of a covered "patch" on a knapsack or on another part of the set, would be appropriate for using good batteries. 1,5 volts, this is three times less than what is needed for a mobile phone, and therefore the panel is required less.


    When I was in the Soviet Union, I bought such a rug, produced by the Svetlovodsk Radizavod of the Ukrainian SSR (consumer goods from the defense industry)
  13. RussKamikadZE
    RussKamikadZE 19 May 2016 14: 52
    -1
    ACOG, EoTech, Aimpoint look down on this craft. We do not have normal sights (except PSO-1). All specialists put imported sights not from a good life.
    1. brn521
      brn521 20 May 2016 16: 02
      +1
      Quote: RussKamikadZE
      ACOG, EoTech, Aimpoint look down on this craft.

      Western manufacturers are also not going smoothly. Here is an example from EoTech:
      http://soldiersystems.net/2015/09/30/ussocom-issues-safety-use-message-eotech-en
      hanced-combat-optical-sights-plus-goings /
      or
      http://k-a-r-d-e-n.livejournal.com/38405.html
    2. fzr1000
      fzr1000 22 May 2016 19: 19
      0
      "All specialists" sounds challenging ...
  14. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 19 May 2016 16: 38
    +3
    And that the enlightened glass was weak to put? Light penetration 80% - this is "twilight came an hour earlier."
    Well, and without a price, comparing the characteristics is useless.
    We look at the parameters we compare prices.
    The weight is too big - the material does not seem to be aluminum ...
  15. Burych
    Burych 20 May 2016 23: 26
    0
    For ordinary people, such a complex is VERY DEAR =) for that kind of money you can buy a digital sight ... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XOw01OIRNwk there at the bottom of the link to the store with this miracle of the military industry. I can’t understand one thing, well, what for a simple soldier, the collimator didn’t run with it (sight) and was convinced that it was useless for combined arms use. For those who will tell me about work in buildings, I’ll say this: A shot from a tank is much more effective than sending soldiers to clean the building (not their profile).
  16. tracer
    tracer 3 November 2016 10: 15
    0
    The tactical muzzle is much more important in the photo. Now they don't fight without muzzles. How bored the sofa arrows. You go to the army at least to serve, sit in the trenches, run under the hot sun, well, there are many charms generally inaccessible in civilian life. Damn advisers. Beautiful pictures like women peck at tights. The sight of the colimator type is adjusted to a certain range, usually with a "direct" shot or with variations. The task of the soldier is to weigh the fire into the depths of the front, who remembers the aiming bar on the AK? How are the handsome men going to hit 400 -500 meters? yes, even at 300 if the sight at 100 according to the classics is withdrawn? To raise the point up of the target "by eye" by an amendment? I would like to remind the anecdote about a hare, a wolf and a cart of salt in this case. So .. what is there ..ga They clung to Akogu. Yes, yes, there are stamps made up to 300 meters, I don't remember now. Exactly on this occasion, on a bet, I won against a colleague with a hanging arm by 200 meters in speed and in the number of hits on the target out of 10 control ones. And I did it many times ... What else is there ... Ah ... yes. Here you have a company of fighters, how many will need batteries for this miracle at the moment? What do you think ? And how many will they work? And how many of them will be corny shot? For how many will they be bent or simply broken when jumping from a car, stumbling over something, dropping a weapon on the asphalt, hitting with an aim when carrying heavy boxes of ammunition or something? Yes, yes ... you can take it off and then put it on .. Yes, you can, only then you can't get anywhere even in ideal cases of operation. Before the control or test exercises, you explain to the sniper that there is nothing like that in removing the sight, then you will put all the bugs in place, ..... That's what he will tell you, carefully write it down on a piece of paper and read it as soon as you want, whatever useless I’ll put it on my weapon. And of course, do not forget about the tactical muzzle, arafatka is now the most fashionable trend.