Military Review

Ukrainian Discovery: KrAZ's secret all-terrain vehicles from the USSR

48



In Soviet times, the Kremenchug Automobile Plant was a small manufacturer of heavy trucks and dump trucks for the common man, but in fact, since its inception, under the orders of the Ministry of Defense, there have been secretly carried out secret development of promising army all-wheel drive trucks, multi-axle active trucks.

KrAZ-253 / KrAZ-259 (1962 - 1968)

The beginning of military developments at KrAZ in 1961 put the decision to organize a secret SKB-2 there for the design of advanced heavy military equipment. The following year, a group of young engineers developed the first samples of three-axle machines with a 240-strong diesel engine YMZ-238. These were the KrAZ-253B eight-ton truck and KrAZ-259B truck tractor for working with an active semi-trailer, on which a cabin from the pre-production truck MAZ-500 was installed. The hydromechanical four-position gearbox and independent torsion suspension, which increased the traction characteristics and stability of the machines, became a revolutionary novelty. In the same year, prototypes were factory tested.





Cars, hastily assembled on the wave of fashion trends, proved to be too complicated, expensive and equally unreliable. Two years later, the plant presented the second series, consisting of a nine-ton truck E253 and a tractor E259 with a semi-trailer E834. They installed an experienced 310-strong diesel engine YMZ-238H with turbocharging and a more reliable eight-speed manual gearbox, independent suspension and tire inflation system. Here, for the first time, its own more spacious cabin appeared, which resembled the GAZ-66 cab. Testing machines were carried out until June 1965, then the modified samples were tested again in the 1967. In general, they satisfied the military, but they turned out, again, very expensive, which was considered synonymous with the futility of the entire project.





In 1968, the 10-ton 2-253 truck and the 2-259 truck tractor were built with the 2-834 semi-trailer, which made up the third series. They had a simplified angular cabin, but the independent suspension was preserved. According to the military, they were only modifications and did not represent a significant step forward. By the decision of the State Committee on the Defense Industry, further work on them was stopped.






Discovery Family (KrAZ-6315 / 6316) (1982 - 1991)

In accordance with a secret government decree of February 1976 on the development of a gamut of heavy army trucks and road trains, a preliminary draft of a new technology was developed in Kremenchug, which in 1981 according to the type 21 NIII received the code “Discovery”.

The leading design engineer on this topic was Vladislav Konstantinovich Levsky, later - the deputy chief designer of KrAZ. The uniqueness of his idea was to create, test and annually update an extensive range of single-wheel-drive three-and four-axle bonnet and bonnet trucks, tractors and active road trains, as unified as possible with civilian products. By 1991, the number of performances reached 30 versions.




The basis family were triaxial 10-ton trucks bonnet KrAz-6315, four axle 15-ton cabover KrAz-6316 and five-axis active trains KrAz-6010, consisting of bonnet tractors KrAz-6440 and biaxial semi-chassis. In the short review it is impossible to tell in detail about all the machines, but it is worth mentioning the most important ones.

Already in the 1982 - 1983, the basic trucks E6315 and E6316 and the E6440 truck tractors of the first generation with the multi-fuel engine YMZ-8425 with the capacity 360 l appeared. pp., which could work in diesel mode or on gasoline, kerosene and their mixtures, including rocket fuel. By February, 1984-th for eight state tests were ready eight samples.





By 1984 - 1987 years is the formation of the second generation. In the bonnet family, the third version of the 3-6315 truck and the 3-63151 chassis for special superstructures were new. It was possible to cope with vibrations in their cabin only on the fourth version 4E6315, which received a new front suspension with hydraulic shock absorbers. At the same time, the third version of the 3E6440 with an increased hood position was converted into the fourth 4E6440. They were tested in conjunction with a semi-trailer ChMZAP-93861 as part of the 3E / 4EX6010 road trains.





In 1984, a third version of the 3E6316 with a cabin over the engine also appeared, which was almost immediately transformed into the fourth 4EXNNXX with a balanced suspension.



After summing up the preliminary results of long-term studies and long-distance runs, the Ministry of Defense decided on the next upgrade of all vehicles that made up the third generation of 1987 – 1988. The first eight prototypes appeared in December of the 1987. Among them were two 5E6315 trucks with folding front cockpit armored glass, their option was the long-base 5EXNNXX chassis.




At the same time, the 5-6316 machine appeared with the JMZ-8424 engine with a capacity of 420 l. with. and a new larger cabin. Despite this, the more powerful diesel engine barely fit in it, and therefore it was decided to shift it to 70 mm to the left from the longitudinal axis of the car.




The most radical solution to the problem of locating the power unit on a bonnetless chassis led to the birth of the 6E6316 truck with an even more powerful 450-powerful engine, which was installed behind an army cabin with bullet-proof glazing on the front overhang. Its variant was the 16-6 63161-ton chassis with a winch. There is information about the creation on it of a self-propelled 152-mm artillery installation "Msta-K".

Cars of new generation were tested in various regions of the country and often attracted the attention of local residents. It is clear that in such conditions it was not possible to achieve complete secrecy of such equipment. It thoroughly erased all external references to the manufacturer, but for greater disorientation, the curious people on the front panels of the booths with the 1987 of the year contained the inscription “Siberia”, which was at first mistakenly given the status of official marking.





Tests of third-generation machines ended in the summer of 1988. By that time, the requirements for such a technique had changed significantly, and the further struggle for the existence of the Otkritie family turned out to be meaningless.

Despite this, the factory designers tried to save their offspring by creating three more combinations of previous machines. The first in the 1989 year appeared simplified beskapotny truck 7E6316 with two flat windshields in the cab.



At the same time, a modernized 6E6315 bonnet with a cab from Siberia with three windshields was assembled at the plant, and an 1990EXNNXX truck with an expanded engine compartment, in which a 7-strong engine with two cooling radiators on both sides, was placed in the 6315-m. Improvements to these machines and their factory testing continued until the end of 420.



What's next?

With the acquisition of independence by Ukraine, all work on the topic "Discovery" was discontinued and no longer resumed. The Kremenchug plant was remembered to us mainly as a supplier of old-fashioned “Laptezhnikov”, whose design, in fact, was developed in 50-s in Yaroslavl, before the transfer of production to the Ukrainian SSR. The new KrAZ-6322, which appeared in the 1994, inherited from the Otkritie family only suspension parts and fuel tanks.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.kolesa.ru/article/ukrainskoe-otkrytie-sekretnye-vezdehody-kraz-vremen-sssr-2016-04-07
Photos used:
Photos from the archives of V. Levsky and L. Gogolev
48 comments
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  1. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 21 May 2016 07: 25
    +25
    An excellent informative article, read with great pleasure, was unexpectedly interesting.
    1. gladcu2
      gladcu2 21 May 2016 16: 53
      +11
      avg-mgn

      Not only informative but also conclusions must be able to be made.

      What is the conclusion?

      And you can say the following.

      The Soviet system was highly efficient and with a very large margin of development. This is a superficial conclusion.

      A deep conclusion is as follows. Although you can dig indefinitely, I will limit myself to a few important ones.

      Education system. Why system? Because it is the equivalent of standards. Which made it possible to develop progress in technology. International standard for threading. So it is in the educational system, which, and only the system, makes it possible to work collectively on a single problem.

      In the absence of an education system, effective managers are needed. Because ten different levels of educated employees must be forced to work in a single way. The key word is to force. And here the flaws of the cap system are manifested, where the struggle for material resources is an important motivating factor. In the competition for material resources, experience is lost when an employee, having received his experience, leaves his workplace in another area of ​​activity. Blowing away your invaluable experience.

      Capitalism has long been a drag on development. But this system is very stable, as it has learned to defend itself.
      1. The stranger
        The stranger 22 May 2016 00: 53
        +1
        And what does the critic have to do with the one who preceded?
        A very good article.
        And by the way - it immediately reveals something in the layout of missile MAZs. It’s as if I’m not indifferent to all-terrain vehicles, but for the lack of a prospect to get hold of it :), I did not particularly delve into it. And that’s how they got their faces - balconies.
        Either the Belorussians had more technical courage, or the engineers were faster, or the bosses were more agile.
        I did not know, thanks to the author of the article!
      2. A.Lex
        A.Lex 23 May 2016 07: 52
        +1
        That's right - having destroyed one system, they did not create another. They created a surrogate.
        Another point - the private trader will NEVER think at the state level, i.e. STRATEGICALLY!
        The socialist systems of statehood were the right way to develop society, but what we came up with as a result is the limit of pohuhism. Too many have bred willing to reign at the end of the USSR, because in the end it fell apart. That is, again, there was no SYSTEM of self-renewal-immunity in the USSR.
  2. baudolino
    baudolino 21 May 2016 07: 37
    +2
    It’s good that now in BU this is not possible.
    1. Volga Cossack
      Volga Cossack 21 May 2016 08: 07
      +11
      There the whole Union was involved! Now Ukraine is finishing the groundwork - then - that's it!
    2. Volga Cossack
      Volga Cossack 21 May 2016 08: 07
      0
      There the whole Union was involved! Now Ukraine is finishing the groundwork - then - that's it!
      1. The stranger
        The stranger 22 May 2016 01: 05
        -1
        No, this is definitely not the business of the entire Union. On this scale, it’s more like garage tuning. By the way - in the 90s, and until the beginning of the 10s, the entire European off-road went all this, and just this way. Everyday for the Russians. Which are also on their hump, and for their blood, and tears. If they knew it then - now they would ride in the 30s :) And I don’t know what will happen then.
  3. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 21 May 2016 08: 05
    +1
    Informative article !!!!! A lot of unknown! Thank!
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 21 May 2016 09: 08
      +6
      Quote: Volga Cossack
      Informative article !!!!! A lot of unknown! Thank!

      And you read the books of this author! You will not know this yet. There are several books by this author in the series of engine wars. And outside the series, the Encyclopedia of military vehicles in 3 volumes from 1769-2006. Therefore, after reading this article, I did not find anything new, except for photos . All this from the book E. Kochnev. "Secret cars of the Soviet Army."
  4. kugelblitz
    kugelblitz 21 May 2016 08: 19
    +3
    As I understand the dimensions of BASES, there are new machines, there are interesting design solutions. Just which bridges and gearboxes used?
    In general, it is a pity that in the 60s they did not push hydromechanical transmissions for middle-class all-terrain vehicles, since they are very convenient on the roads, including the necessary gear at any time. And their torque transmission is much softer, since the torque converter smooths the jerks of engine speed, multi-plate clutch is much more durable, as it works in an oil bath, gears are constantly engaged. By the way, the opinion about the complexity of such checkpoints is no more than a myth, yes, they require more attention, but they can sometimes reduce the number of steps by half. Power losses are more than offset by their flexibility.
    1. gladcu2
      gladcu2 21 May 2016 17: 02
      +2
      kugleblits

      Of course, heat removal from loaded nodes in a liquid is also effective.

      Apparently rested on the manufacturability. Still, if fluid spills out, the automatic transmission will fail instantly. On the other hand, simple mechanical connections are more reliable. And the life of an army car is short. Therefore, the nodes were not made for a long service life.
      1. dvina71
        dvina71 21 May 2016 17: 32
        +1
        Quote: gladcu2
        And the life of an army car is short. Therefore, the nodes were not made for a long service life.

        What kind of nonsense ..? I went to the ZIL-131 in the army, which is a year older than me. For a year and a half I ran into about 20t km. No major damage. There was a replacement engine, but it's just that it happened in my time)))
        Colleagues who were called up for six months or a year later told me on arrival that my zilok was flying to the mad ... well, he got the engine from the Urals)))
        1. gladcu2
          gladcu2 21 May 2016 17: 52
          0
          dvina71

          Why nonsense?

          The work of a civilian truck is 1500000 km until the replacement of the piston group.

          There is no sense in making a civilian truck out of an army truck. Different destinations. Army more are in warehouses and travel a little. Yes, and the replacement of nodes in the field conditions should be simplified. Dry clutch is less sensitive to repair conditions than a fluid coupling.
          1. dvina71
            dvina71 21 May 2016 18: 21
            +3
            Quote: gladcu2

            The work of a civilian truck is 1500000 km until the replacement of the piston group.

            What truck? You did not confuse a full resource with intermediate repair?
            Not a single civilian truck can stand even 10% of what a military can do. To begin, try to navigate on it a gradient of 20 degrees, and after rain and no asphalt.
            Under normal conditions, army trucks, in terms of reliability, differ little from their road counterparts.
            1. gladcu2
              gladcu2 21 May 2016 19: 03
              0
              dvina71

              Well, you yourself answered your own question.

              Of course, a road truck is not designed for off-road use. And the intermediate repair he has a half million.

              The military has other goals: off-road. And of course maintainability outside comfortable conditions. Well, the resource of longevity must be laid another.

              If you make the truck universal and civilian, then it will be wrong.
              1. dvina71
                dvina71 21 May 2016 20: 01
                +2
                Quote: gladcu2
                Of course, a road truck is not designed for off-road use. And the intermediate repair he has a half million.

                Be careful with the statements. 1.5 million km is the resource of an engine in a car. This resource includes several intermediate repairs and overhauls. After 1.5 million km, the cylinder block gets such deformations that the engine’s oil pressure disappears, oil pours from everywhere, there is no compression, and so on and so forth.
                Piston rings on any engine will not work more than 500t km, oil seals lose elasticity due to 3-4 years, then begin to flow. And so on and so on.
                If we talk about the resource of domestic engines, then this is not connected - his orientation is military or military. I know the only engine that was simultaneously designed and produced ONLY as a military. The ZMZ engine was installed on the Lawns, and on the BTR it’s exactly the same ... it seems, but the production of GAZ. At the same time, the engines are very different in terms of performance characteristics.
                As for diesel engines, foreign manufacturers widely use cementing technology for rubbing parts. In our motors, shafts and bushings (plain bearings) are triggered in parallel. In foreign motors, the shafts practically do not wear out, only the bushings.
                Now I am doing the repair of the Volvo TD102f engine. 1988. In the wear of the connecting rod journals -0, they are in nominal. Deterioration of necks of a cam-shaft - 0. wear of valves. cn-0, vol-.02.
                I turned to the turner to pierce the root necks, only there was decent wear. With difficulty persuaded, these shafts are difficult to grind, they are cemented.
                Such technologies are used only in tank engines. In the 90s, he bought a batch of crankshafts for the VAZ classic, in Miass .. just from the representative office of the military plant, the conversion is the same))). I know the fate of one shaft, my friend bought it. He survived two blocks and three cars, with one repair.
                1. gladcu2
                  gladcu2 21 May 2016 21: 08
                  0
                  dvina72

                  Immediately you are a specialist. I talked about American trucks. There, only the piston group is changed.
                  1. dvina71
                    dvina71 21 May 2016 22: 38
                    0
                    Quote: gladcu2
                    Immediately you are a specialist. I talked about American trucks. There, only the piston group is changed.

                    Oh .. and what..in the USA is another physics and mechanics?
                    You change the piston only within the engine resource, at least Detroit, at least Scania.
                    The engine resource is associated with one single part - the cylinder block.
                    1. gladcu2
                      gladcu2 22 May 2016 18: 41
                      0
                      Dvina71

                      That you cling to the little things. An American truck runs an average of one and a half million before engine repairs. What is changing there, I don’t know, pistons with rings and cylinders. It’s just a resource before the first thorough repair.
                  2. The stranger
                    The stranger 22 May 2016 01: 51
                    0
                    And there was a GDR-ovskoy car Warburg. Two measures, three cylinders. All different. When kapitalka threw only the liners of the third cylinder, bought new ones on the first, and shifted in places.
                    And the third cylinder still worked on afterburning the release of the first two.
                    But they, too, have long been gone.
                2. Amurets
                  Amurets 22 May 2016 01: 31
                  +1
                  Quote: dvina71
                  I turned to the turner to pierce the root necks, only there was decent wear. With difficulty persuaded, these shafts are difficult to grind, they are cemented.

                  As far as I know, the crankshaft can be ground and you can grind the shaft of any hardness. For me, great news about the cementation of the shafts. As far as I know, the process of cementation has been going on since the 238th century. Such a process tells you something like "Cyanidation"? There really is a very high hardness. And the first cyanide shafts went to the YaMZ-1978F since 6437. True, only to the army. In civilian life, for the first time, such shafts appeared on the KrAZ-1,5. And what, famously, you throw out blocks after 1,5 , XNUMX million kilometers. Back in Soviet times, machines were produced for the restoration of blocks and there were three repairs on the root beds and special liners were produced for bored beds. For KAMAZ they are still produced. What's in the video, it's not news for me, in the Far East the same directions called roads. I worked for those organizations where they operate equipment of high cross-country ability, timber industry, agriculture, geological exploration. You yourself understand that the operating conditions are far from ideal. By import I will say, come It was necessary to make both Chinese "Cummins" and American ones, there is no difference. The quality is the same and they calmly take care of XNUMX million km without a bulkhead, because earlier Chinese cars were cheap and there was no point in repairing them. On Japanese engines, especially Mitsubishi, there is in view of the large engine, not for passenger cars, strong wear of the connecting rod journals. The K / shaft can be thrown out after the third repair, with worn out main journals and worn out connecting rod journals "to zero." shaft.
                  1. dvina71
                    dvina71 22 May 2016 02: 19
                    0
                    Quote: Amurets
                    As far as I know, the crankshaft is polished and you can grind the shaft of any hardness

                    Of course they are polishing, I didn’t say the opposite. But is there a difference to grind hard metal and not really? I think there is.
                    Secondly, I did not argue that the blocks should be thrown out after 1.5 million km. Most often, they do not live up to this. But there are engines with mileage and more than 1.5 km. I, in general, spoke about such a concept as a resource, which is established by the manufacturer and what is included in this resource.
                    And here in our military commissariat hung a table of resources for cars in the army. Loaf - 300t.km. Volga 24-500t.km Kamaz-700t.km Where I got such numbers from, I don’t know.
                    There are block repair machines even now, only without inserts. Now they simply spray metal on the bed, then grind it to the nominal. But besides the crankshaft beds, there is also its own block geometry, if there is a so-called "drawdown" - scrap. Typical for units with monoGBTs. But with separate heads this very rarely happens, but rather not so much.
                    1. Amurets
                      Amurets 22 May 2016 03: 25
                      0
                      Quote: dvina71
                      But besides the crankshaft beds, there is also its own block geometry, if there is a so-called "drawdown" - junk. It is typical for units with mono-GBTs. But with separate heads, this very rarely happens, but rather not so much.

                      Under the common cylinder head, you can grind the mating plane, but you can’t fix the deformation along the main and camshaft, at the first load of the repaired engine, warping will come out again.
                      1. dvina71
                        dvina71 22 May 2016 05: 05
                        0
                        Quote: Amurets
                        Under the common cylinder head, you can grind the mating plane,

                        On a diesel? A joker .. however, you can’t grind the head heavily on them .. The compression ratio is growing, the engine is working hard .. Landing unfortunately can not be cured, only scrap.
                        This is especially affected by the modern D-245 MMZ. 400 thousand and change the block. It spreads like jelly)))
        2. The stranger
          The stranger 22 May 2016 02: 18
          0
          No, he does not go compared to the Cleaver. Heavy, bury.
          No wonder they were released until almost one year together.
          Well, on the pavement Kolun is still a grief, but you didn’t do it there.
    2. dvina71
      dvina71 21 May 2016 17: 23
      0
      Quote: kugelblitz
      In general, it is a pity that in the 60s they did not push hydromechanical transmissions for middle-class all-terrain vehicles, since they are very convenient on the roads, including the necessary gear at any time.


      You apparently have a poor idea of ​​the design and processes taking place in the gas turbine.
      The torque in them is transmitted through a set of disks (hydraulic torque converter). KM begins to be transmitted when the gaps between the discs are filled with oil. The full transmission of KM corresponds to the complete filling of the gaps with oil. On off-road, the torque converter will operate in oil starvation mode, which leads to its failure.
      In general, a gas turbine is more complicated, heavier, more expensive and more difficult to maintain and repair than a classic mechanical transmission.
      PS .. in the USSR there was such a LiAZ-677 bus, on which there was just a GMT and an automatic transmission.
      1. gladcu2
        gladcu2 21 May 2016 19: 26
        0
        Davina

        There are also other factors influencing the concept of Soviet military trucks.

        The main factor is the level of development of civil road transport, roads and services. Even the socialist economy has made major changes.

        For example, in the USSR, road transport was less important than for the West. Because the social economy gave only a mass consumer product that was convenient to transport by rail.

        Cap economy crushed manufacturers. Each manufacturer made his original product and it was appropriate to use road transport.

        Accordingly, the service and development of a civilian car influenced the military concept. For example, high-tech components became cheaper and repair is a simple replacement.

        And so on.
      2. kugelblitz
        kugelblitz 21 May 2016 19: 55
        0
        I have a very good idea of ​​what a hydromechanical transmission is, it was well repaired in due time. In general, there a partly clutch function is performed by a torque converter consisting of a turbine and a pump in a single housing. Therefore, multi-plate couplings are required. An example of a LiAZ box is unsuccessful, because the box was flawed, but for example there are planetary boxes, which are much more reliable.



        By the way, a similar box was in the MAZ-543.
        1. dvina71
          dvina71 21 May 2016 20: 07
          +1
          Quote: kugelblitz
          I have a very good idea of ​​what a hydromechanical transmission is, it was well repaired in due time.

          Well then you imagine what will happen to the transformer when ..

          look from 1.50.
          1. kugelblitz
            kugelblitz 21 May 2016 20: 23
            +2
            Quote: dvina71
            Well then you imagine what will happen to the transformer at.

            Everything will be fine. smile

    3. The stranger
      The stranger 22 May 2016 01: 33
      +2
      Off-road to the driver, the machine is like a math computer. He is excellent, and very quickly solves problems. But already decided by someone. A stranger - can not, in principle.
      In sports, for example, in a rally, it’s a very automatic machine. In offroad - not really. Even athletes who go along the track checked by the organizers, which is proven passable, and for which there are cheat sheets. But the towers of the distressed on a multi-day heavy track crews - automatic - death. And waiting for help, too, sometimes literally. The military can sometimes be a little easier, because there are many, but not the essence, in terms of aerobatics and navigation. Yes, riding this one requires its own skills, which are called professionalism. But the same is required from the calculation of a towed howitzer, medical orderlies, signalmen, pilots, motorized rifles. So everything is in order.
      Remember the movie from the marines stuck on the Spanish beach? :) They have machines in the SUVs.
      Watch a movie from Ladoga - trophy, for example, there are no machines there. God forbid - from the "Vepsky forest". And keep in mind - Russian competitions are amateur, and in the army, obamki serve as pros :))
      1. kugelblitz
        kugelblitz 22 May 2016 06: 43
        0
        Quote: Alien
        Off-road to the driver, the machine is like a math computer. He is excellent, and very quickly solves problems. But already decided by someone. A stranger - can not, in principle

        Mmm ... I didn’t mean automatic machines, but semi-automatic machines. Hydromechanical gearbox with manual gear changes like tractors. Those. There is a gear lever, but there is no clutch pedal. Plus, such transmissions are just in the choice of speed under load, as well as a large range for it.
        1. The stranger
          The stranger 22 May 2016 10: 07
          0
          I didn’t see the car. True, one lever is visible in the photo, and it looks like three pedals.
          If this is a permanent four-wheel drive - God help them.
  5. proud
    proud 21 May 2016 09: 40
    +1
    Yes, there were times! It's a pity the plant and the people who work there
  6. Verdun
    Verdun 21 May 2016 10: 18
    +5
    The material of the article is interesting. But what about
    Kremenchug Automobile Plant was a small manufacturer of heavy trucks and dump trucks,
    - What is it like? Of course, production volumes at KrAZ were less than at ZIL, but I would not call this plant small. A serious enterprise that produces serious cars, which has its own, and not bad, design bureau. It’s another matter that ordinary people didn’t visit the places where KrAZ worked — diamond mining and coal mining, in the taiga and beyond the Arctic Circle ... When I just started working, I participated in the development of technical documentation for an order in Romania, through CMEA, a wheel hub production line for the new KrAZ model. This suggests that production is constantly expanding. And the cars were pretty successful.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 21 May 2016 13: 32
      +1
      Quote: Verdun
      A serious enterprise that produces serious cars, which has its own, and not bad, design bureau. It’s another matter that ordinary people didn’t visit the places where KrAZ trucks worked so often.

      I would add the KrAZ-255 "lapotnik". He was almost never seen in the cities, they were army vehicles. In civilian life, they were mainly timber carriers. The KrAZ-260 went into the army almost until the last.
  7. activator
    activator 21 May 2016 10: 22
    +6
    One of the project's four-axis openings has now been restored to being shown at exhibitions. It is difficult to predict its fate further, but most likely it will remain in a single copy.
    1. proud
      proud 21 May 2016 15: 12
      +2
      Serious apparatus for a great country, but not for Ukraine! Perhaps many will minus me, but it seems to me that his fate will be like that of the cruiser "Ukraine" - At best, a museum exhibit, at worst, it will rot in the street in the open air and will be cast into metal! Although the appearance is certainly impressive, but Ukraine-tse Europe! And in Europe they are not needed for nothing!
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 21 May 2016 17: 18
        +1
        Quote: activator
        One of the project's four-axis openings has now been restored to being shown at exhibitions. It is difficult to predict its fate further, but most likely it will remain in a single copy.

        It was created for the army. The embargo of Ukraine for the supply of KrAZs for the Russian army, unfortunately did not find the exact date, hit the factory badly. The Russian market was lost for it. I looked at the factory now, but from the truth I found this catalog from last year.http : //www.autokraz.com.ua/downloads/catalogue_2015.pdf
        In general, it’s impressive, but it’s not clear how things are in reality. The economic data are given for 2013.
  8. ovod84
    ovod84 21 May 2016 11: 25
    +1
    About such an author, the film has cars in uniform in YouTube. I learned a lot about trucks used in the USSR
  9. iouris
    iouris 21 May 2016 13: 14
    +5
    What is "Ukrainian" in them? Everything that was created in the USSR does not have a national flavor.
  10. Lens
    Lens 21 May 2016 16: 52
    +2
    A rich country could afford a lot ... Who now, "from the former", can boast of such scope and research? ...
    1. The stranger
      The stranger 22 May 2016 02: 12
      0
      Belorusi like ...
  11. svp67
    svp67 21 May 2016 17: 07
    +2
    The KrAZ website offers:
    KrAZ-7634NE
    I wonder how many of these descendants of "Discovery" have already been released?
  12. magician
    magician 21 May 2016 17: 14
    +2
    Thank you for the article! I have KrAZ and the Urals have always been associated with power. I do not know from the reviews of the drivers, but in the north there was a fairly common car.
    1. faiver
      faiver 22 May 2016 16: 44
      0
      now they are driving in the north, nothing else stands :)
  13. Pushyk
    Pushyk 22 May 2016 21: 45
    0
    Thank you for the article and for the debate of respected commentators.
  14. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 26 May 2016 21: 58
    0
    Interesting article, thanks to the author.