Tests of the airballistic warhead for the new Russian Sarmat missile showed that Russia will soon become the only country in the world capable of destroying any target anywhere in the world in half an hour without using nuclear weapons. weapon.
Moscow was the first to accomplish what it had long dreamed of in Washington. The RS-28 “Sarmat” heavy intercontinental missile, which the Kremlin plans to put into service over the next two years, has mixed all the cards to American generals. After all, in a non-nuclear version, it is the very weapon of an “instantaneous global strike”, which the US has long been frightened by the whole world. However, in fact, “creative managers” from Washington were unable to create for their “global strike” a rocket with the necessary characteristics of range, speed, accuracy and reliability. But the "dense Russian" for their strike - created! Now it has ceased to be a secret, the whole world has learned: Moscow already has such weapons in its hands. And by the way: in the version with nuclear equipment, the Sarmat, in order to cause unacceptable damage to the United States, even one rocket is enough!
Speed, accuracy, invulnerability
Much is being said and written about the military "hypersound" in the media today, but for the most part we are poorly aware of what it is. To put it simply, without abstruse scientific terms, then “hypersound” is the ability of any material object - an airplane or a rocket, for example, to maneuver in the atmosphere at a speed not less than five times higher than the speed of sound ( Mach number equal to 331 m / s). In the military field, it has long been available to intercontinental ballistic missiles that fly at speed as much as 25 Mach, but they reach it only in space, in airless space, at altitudes where there is no air resistance and, accordingly, the possibility of aerodynamic maneuvering and flight control.
Military aircraft today can be effectively used only at altitudes up to 20-ti, on the strength of 25-ti kilometers. Spacecraft - at a height of at least 140 kilometers (low orbit parameters). The range of heights is from 20-25 to 140-150 km. turns out to be unavailable for military use. But it is precisely this range of heights - available exclusively for hypersonic aircraft - that is fantastically promising from the point of view of combat effectiveness.
Why is hypersound so important to the military? The answer is simple. It consists of only three words: speed, accuracy, invulnerability. Hypersonic missiles, flying at high speed, are capable of hitting any target on the globe within an hour. And thanks to its ability to maneuver, adjust the course throughout the entire flight, hit with the highest accuracy, literally up to a meter. While moving in the atmosphere, in the plasma cloud, and therefore remaining as the most secretive and completely inaccessible to any missile defense system. Thus, many times superior in combat effectiveness to all existing weapons, including fusion ammunition.
Hypersonic flight is indistinguishable not only for modern means of radar. In the foreseeable future, it is not even foreseen to create means of intercepting such missiles. Not for nothing, it is clear that Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, commenting on the prospects for creating hypersonic devices, said that, by meaning and influence on the strategy of armed struggle, this breakthrough can only be compared with the creation of an atomic bomb.
The appearance of serial models of hypersonic weapons will make a real revolution in military affairs. The first person who will be able to massively equip such aircraft with his army will, in fact, receive absolute weapons capable of solving any strategic tasks in the shortest possible time and with minimal expenses. For example, quickly, inevitably and with impunity, destroy the military-political leadership of any country, the infrastructure of its state administration, key military and economic facilities. Simply put, to simultaneously decapitate any adversary, paralyzing his ability to resist and retaliate.
The fact that the United States is actively engaged in the large-scale development of fundamentally new means of aerospace attack, which can radically change the course and outcome of military operations while conducting aerospace operations, has long been a secret to us. Pavel Sozinov, General Designer of the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern, also 8 of December of 2014, warned that Americans are striving "to switch to the use of a fundamentally new class of weapons at the turn of 2020 of the year in terms of delivering high-precision warheads to the target. First of all, we are talking about the development of hypersonic maneuverable elements in the combat load of ballistic missiles - both in nuclear and in conventional versions. "
But the Americans, despite all their efforts, did not even manage to build an experimental prototype of such weapons. But Russian scientists, designers and engineers, despite the scarcity of resources and all the difficulties of our present life, managed to create not just a prototype, but a full-fledged sample, ready for adoption and for mass production, leaving the puffy Pentagon in such a way!
This seems to be understood now even in America itself. Recently, Mike Rogers, chairman of the Strategic Action Subcommittee of the Armed Services Committee for the US Congress, told the Washington Times newspaper: “I am very concerned that Russia is significantly ahead of the United States in developing opportunities for a rapid global strike.” Recognition, of course, belated. Well, oh well, what could be there: better later than never ...
Deadly and impregnable
For the outside world, the victory of the Russian hypersound went almost unnoticed at first. 21 April 2016 of the Russian media reported sparingly: “In the Orenburg region, a PC-18 ballistic missile was launched to test a hypersonic aircraft. The tests were recognized as successful. ”Then came the clarification: the launch was carried out from the Dombarovsky test site, and on the Stillet PC-18B Stillet missile, a hypersonic warhead was tested for a heavy intercontinental ballistic missile Sarmat.
In fact, this message means that a real revolution has taken place in equipping our Strategic Missile Forces. I repeat for those who doubt: the nuclear equipment of one such missile is enough to guarantee unacceptable damage to the United States. And in the non-nuclear version, the Sarmat will become a real super-weapon, combining the enormous speed of the ICBM with the accuracy of targeting the most advanced cruise missiles.
The fact is that for ICBM combat units — even the most modern — the circular probable deviation (that is, the radius of the circle in which the unit falls with probability into 50%) is 220-250 m. And the radius of the circle where the warhead will fall into with 99 % is three times more. But the Sarmat maneuvering hypersonic warhead can be guaranteed to aim at a target with an accuracy of several meters!
At the same time, Sarmat will be able to attack its target even through the South Pole, that is, from the direction in which the Americans do not have a stationary anti-missile defense infrastructure. And his so-called. "Flat trajectory" will increase the length of the controlled flight of military units. This, in turn, means that such an important indicator of combat effectiveness as the "area of a warhead breeding zone" will increase, that is, the distance between various targets that one missile can attack with its charges.
A new Russian rocket will be based in a stationary mine, but this, in spite of a widespread misconception, does not make it any less tenacious than, for example, mobile Topoli or Yarsy. For example, suffice it to say that the mine launchers of the predecessor Sarmat, the heavyweight Voyevod ICBM, remain combat-ready, even if they are inside the fiery hemisphere of a close nuclear explosion. Even if they are in the zone of pile of soil from the crater from such an explosion up to 2 meters thick.
Their ultra-protected mine can be guaranteed to be destroyed only if it is inside the crater from the explosion. Meanwhile, the accuracy of the most advanced ICBMs is such that to guarantee the destruction of our mine with a probability of 99,8%, this funnel must be a radius of at least 750-840 meters! But for the formation of a funnel of such a radius, a very powerful warhead is needed - significantly more powerful than those that are now on most American missiles.
In addition, there is also a KAZ - a complex of protecting the silo from the incoming warheads of enemy missiles. The peculiarity of KAZ is that the defeat of air objects occurs with metal arrows and balls with a diameter of 30 mm at an altitude of up to 6 km. These arrows and balls are fired at a huge initial speed (up to 2-km / s) and create a real iron cloud above the protected object. Suffice it to say that in one salvo there are up to 40 thousands of destructive elements. So KAZ can be considered a kind of short-range anti-missile artillery.
The first such complexes, developed at the beginning of the 90s, were called Mozyr. At the Kamchatka Kura test site, they were even tested not on mock-ups, but on a real warhead of the Voyevoda rocket launched specifically for testing, and the target was hit in full accordance with the calculations. The only disadvantage of KAZ is the small area of the protected zone. This makes it impossible to use it to protect large objects, but it protects point targets of the silo type quite reliably.
Heir to the Governor
Yes, the PC-28 "Sarmat" is undoubtedly a revolutionary rocket in its capabilities. But it arose, of course, not from scratch. The Soviet Union was also working on the possibility of equipping warheads with its ICBMs with individual engines for maneuvering in space and special aerodynamic surfaces for planning in the atmosphere in the final part of the trajectory. For the first time such a technology was successfully applied on the combat units of the R-36М2 “Voevod” missile, which were put into service as early as 1990, and received the 15Ф178 cipher.
In fact, each such unit already then combined the properties of an unmanned spacecraft and a hypersonic aircraft. All its actions, both in space and during a flight in the atmosphere, this device performed autonomously, independently determining the optimal parameters of motion.
Inside the divided head of the Voivode, there is a very complex unit (it is called the “breeding platform”), which, after the ICBM head is removed outside the atmosphere, begins to perform a number of programmed actions for individual targeting and detaching the warheads located on it.
As a result, in outer space battle orders are lined up from real nuclear charges and false targets, which are originally also on the platform. At the head of the "Governor", for example, out of fourteen "seats", only ten are occupied by warheads, and four are cassettes with numerous simulators and traps designed to deceive enemy radars. And while these radars are trying to figure out where the real goal is, and where it is a false one, each Voivode fighting unit is freely displayed on a trajectory ensuring that it hits a given point on the surface of the Earth.
After separation from the breeding platform, the blocks begin to live their own separate, independent life. Each of them is equipped with engines for maneuvering in space and aerodynamic steering surfaces to control flight in the atmosphere. In addition, each on board has an inertial control system, several computing devices, a radar, and many other high-tech equipment ...
The first model of this weapon, made back in the distant 1972 year, was very cumbersome - almost five meters long. But already by 1984, the draft design of a combat unit suitable for installation on a rocket was ready. The block had the shape of a sharp cone about two meters high, and its targeting was carried out as follows. Before entering the upper atmosphere, the on-board computer calculated the actual location of the unit using a radar. Then, before entering the atmosphere, the locator antenna was shot off. On the atmospheric part of the movement, the combat unit for a few seconds made a series of active maneuvers with extremely high overloads, which made it invulnerable to any missile defense system.
The first launch of the program of state tests of such a unit for the "Voivode" was carried out in April 1988 year. Over the next year and a half, six launches were made - all, as one, successful. As a result, the missile system with the maneuvering combat unit 15F178 was adopted for use by the Strategic Missile Forces by decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers on August 23 of 1990. But after the collapse of the USSR, the installation of new units on the missiles was stopped, and further work on this super-promising product was closed ...
But we warned you ...
After ten long years, Putin, having come to power, resumed such developments. The same technology as the Voivode - only, of course, already improved, with enhanced combat capabilities - was used on new missiles: first on the Topol M ICBM, and then on the Yars and Bulava.
For the first time, Putin said this out loud in the spring of 2004, after large-scale Russian military exercises held in the north of Russia. Foreign and Russian media then zealously sneered at the Russian army weakened and disorganized over the years of Yeltsin's “reforms”. And at this moment Putin, who, as a rule, is very cautious in his public assessments and judgments, suddenly told the whole world a sensational news. Moreover, he specifically stressed that every word in his statement "is important."
He said: “Experiments and some tests were carried out at these exercises ... Soon the Russian armed forces will receive combat complexes capable of acting at intercontinental distances, at a hypersonic speed, with great accuracy, with a wide maneuver in height and direction of impact. These complexes will make any missile defense models unpromising, existing or prospective.
In November of the same 2004, Putin again, speaking already at a meeting of the leadership of the Armed Forces, said that in the near future unique strategic missiles will appear in Russia: “We are not only conducting research and missile tests of the latest rocket launchers nuclear systems. I am sure they will soon appear in service. Moreover, it will be such developments that are not present and in the coming years will not be with other nuclear states. We understand that as soon as we weaken our attention to such components of our defense as a nuclear missile shield, we will have new threats. Therefore, we will continue to persistently and consistently engage in the construction of the Armed Forces as a whole, including its nuclear component. ”
And in 2006, the Russian media reported: “Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov reported to President Vladimir Putin about successful tests of a fundamentally new warhead for domestic ballistic missiles. This is a combat unit that can maneuver independently, avoiding any missile defense systems. It’s important that the new combat unit is unified, that is, it is adapted for installation both on the Bulava sea missiles and on the Topol-M land rockets. Moreover, one missile will be capable of carrying up to six such warheads. "
This means that, compared with the combat units of the Soviet Voevody, the new Russian hypersonic warheads have significantly improved and expanded the maneuvering parameters, while at the same time reducing their mass-dimensional characteristics. Simply put, their maneuver has become more energetic and wider, and the size and weight - less.
The "Sarmat", of course, everything will be even steeper. Due to the fact that this MBR does not fly along a classical ballistic, but along a flat trajectory, its flight time is reduced, and hypersonic maneuvering warheads will fly much longer in the atmosphere, which, in turn, will increase their combat maneuvering capabilities.
But the main thing is that the new combat unit for the Sarmat (the Americans call it “Yu-71”, our media - “Object 4202”), seems to be controlled on the entire trajectory of its flight. And if so, if Russian scientists, designers and engineers really managed to solve the most complicated problem of remote control of a warhead flying in the atmosphere, in a plasma cloud and at an enormous speed, then the accuracy of its guidance can be brought to a value comparable to the accuracy of “Glonass” or GPS , that is, up to several meters!
With such accuracy, not that nuclear, but even ordinary charge is not needed. A combat unit can be purely kinetic - that is, a simple disc without any hint of the presence of an explosive. With such a weight, say, one ton, and Sarmat will be able to carry up to ten (!) Tons of payload — and at that tremendous speed at which this pig faces the ground, the effect will be similar to an explosion of many hundreds of tons of TNT and is guaranteed to destroy any target - areal or buried, protected by a multi-meter layer of reinforced concrete!
All this means that after the deployment of the Sarmats, Moscow, even without the use of nuclear weapons, will receive a unique opportunity: destroy any target with known coordinates on the globe within 30-40 minutes!
Three scenarios of nuclear death
In nuclear equipment, the main task of Sarmat is to ensure that the United States causes “unacceptable damage” with a minimum number of missiles.
As early as the beginning of 1960, the then US Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara introduced the concept of "assured destruction of the enemy." Guaranteed destruction, according to McNamara’s criterion, meant a nuclear strike that would kill between a quarter and a third of the population and destroy two thirds of the industrial potential of an enemy country.
For the guaranteed destruction of the USSR, McNamara considered it sufficient to blow up four hundred thermonuclear charges each megatonn on its territory. And the United States Strategic Evaluation Committee stated that “killing a nation” in America can be ensured by delivering “only” one hundred megaton missiles to its territory.
Then Washington got the concept of the so-called “irreparable damage to the enemy”. The American strategists defined the irreparable damage as "the destruction of such a percentage of the population and economically important objects, which will lead to the fact that the enemy state can no longer function." This effect could be achieved by already significantly smaller forces than the 400 megaton rockets required for the assured destruction of the Soviet Union.
After the collapse of the USSR, another concept was born in the Pentagon - the concept of “unacceptable damage”. This is damage that is less irreplaceable, but it can be guaranteed "to stop the enemy from any hostile actions." It is this view of Washington on the sufficiency of its strategic potential that is now the basis of nuclear "deterrence of Moscow". True, no one has yet been able to explain exactly what is meant by this mysterious term. After all, the range in which damage is assessed as “unacceptable” is very wide. Here, as they say, to each his own. "Unacceptable" can be called the consequences of a massive nuclear strike, and the damage from the detonation of even a single nuclear warhead in the territory of the enemy.
Be that as it may, in the time of McNamara, in the era of the Cold War, the people of the United States and their entire infrastructure were much better prepared for a possible nuclear strike from Russia than they are today. All experts unanimously argue that now the threshold for unacceptable damage to America is much lower than 20-30 years ago. What, in general, is not surprising: the more complex the state and financial-economic infrastructure of a country, the easier it is to cause deadly harm to its delicate organism.
So, in the case of the use of our P-36М2 “Voevoda” missiles (not to mention the “Sarmat”), a dozen missiles may suffice to guarantee the destruction of the United States according to McNamara's formula. And for the application of unacceptable damage, one single will suffice!
To prove this, it is enough to make the roughest and most approximate calculation. I apologize in advance to the readers for this cannibalistic arithmetic, but it is necessary so that we can at least approximately imagine the combat power of our heavy ICBMs and understand why the Americans called our "Governor" - "Satan"!
Total death algorithm
Today in the US, one third of the country's total population lives in three giant megalopolises: the Northeast (the so-called Bos Vash, from Boston to Washington, where at least 50 million people live); Lakeshore, around the Great Lakes (Chi-Pitts, from Chicago to Pittsburgh, at least 35 million); and California (“San San”, from San Francisco to San Diego, at least 20 million people). The zones of these megalopolises are relatively small. Their total area of about 400 thousand square meters. km., but it produces more than half of US GDP!
So: for the destruction of these regions with all their infrastructure is enough 10-12 missiles such as "Voyevoda". And we have such missiles in service today cost about five dozen. And neither current, nor even promising American missile defense systems can intercept them!
So we count together. In accordance with the American data in the explosion of a nuclear combat unit with a capacity of one megaton, in a zone with a radius of up to 10 kilometers, the proportion of the affected population (i.e., killed and wounded immediately, not counting those who then die from radiation, thirst, epidemics, lack of medical care, etc.) is 50%. At the same distance, a zone of fires, debris and destruction of civilian infrastructure will spread. Thus, 314 square meters can be taken for the area of destruction of one Satan block in accordance with the formula. km So, with one rocket carrying 10 warheads, you can “cover” 3140 square. km., and ten - 31 400 square. km This is a zone of almost complete defeat.
If in a similar way to calculate the area on which immediately after the explosion no less than 25% of the population will be affected anyway, then it will increase to 56 000 square. km And this is almost 15% of the entire territory of megalopolises. Considering that the aiming points for the combat units of our ICBMs are the most important infrastructure facilities: state, administrative, financial and economic management centers, industrial zones, population life support objects, etc., it can be assumed that such infrastructure will be completely destroyed. Washington and New York, Chicago and Philadelphia, Los Angeles and San Francisco will turn into steam ...
But besides the blast wave and light radiation, which are the main cause of the almost instantaneous destruction and rapid death of people, a nuclear explosion has other damaging factors - a powerful electromagnetic pulse that disables all electronics, as well as penetrating radiation and radioactive contamination of the area. Considering this, during, say, a month after a nuclear strike throughout the entire territory of the American megalopolises, there is a high probability of total population death.
The rest of the United States will suffer terrible damage. The network of centralized government simply disappears. The food supply system of cities where 82% of Americans live will collapse. Everyone will survive as best he can, which will inevitably end in total chaos and total war of "all against all." Given that the population of the United States today has more than 270 million units of firearms, this can lead to casualties, almost more than from a nuclear strike ...
Thus, for the "killing of the nation" and "guaranteed destruction of the United States," even in accordance with the terrible criterion of McNamara, 10-12 missiles of the "Voivode" type may well suffice. After all, each of them is capable of delivering to America either one “heavy” thermonuclear charge of twenty (!) Megatons or ten “light” maneuvering warheads with a capacity of at least 750 kilo tons each ...
Needless to say, in order to cause “unacceptable” damage to the present pampered and fattened America, even one missile of this type will be more than enough. What can we say about even more deadly "Sarmat" ... God, merciful, do not let us, many sinless madmen, bring the matter to the realization of these terrible scenarios!
* Moscow has regained its undisputed leadership in the field of strategic nuclear weapons. From now on, any attempt by the United States, NATO, or any other state (union of states) to gain qualitative military superiority over the Kremlin is doomed to inevitable failure. Military victory over Russia again, as in Soviet times, has become absolutely impossible!
* In achieving this result, the personal merit of President Putin is obvious and indisputable. It is he, as head of state and Supreme Commander, who bears full responsibility for the defense of the country. It was he who in this capacity led the complex and multifaceted work on the revival of the Russian military-industrial complex, the entire military infrastructure of Russia and the combat power of its Armed Forces.
* The presence of the world's best strategic nuclear deterrent, combined with mobile and professional general-purpose forces that have proven their effectiveness during the Syrian war, allows Russia to consolidate the constructive role of the Eurasian superpower, the role of the main geopolitical counterweight to US imperial hegemony and liberal Eurocodom Democratic Satanism.
* All this, taken together, may already in the foreseeable future turn our country into a universally recognized leader of the world resistance to theomachy globalization, the main defender of traditional spiritual, religious, moral and historical values of all peoples of the Earth in the face of the global aggression of the theomachy West
Help us, Lord! Amen.