Military Review

Symbol from Paul I

2
215 years ago opened the first monument to Suvorov


Today, few people remember one of the very first military posters - it appeared in June 1941-th - “Suvorovtsy - Chapayevtsy”:

We fight great
Colem desperately -
Grandchildren of Suvorov,
Children Chapaeva.

The verse is simple and intelligible. The new combination of the names of Suvorov and Chapaev then connected the traditions of military glory. Samuil Marshak managed to put in a lot of energetic lines the big patriotic content that we lack so much today.

Symbol from Paul IMonuments, as well as literature, bring up patriotic feelings. The reason to talk about this is a monument to Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov, 215 has been standing in St. Petersburg for years as a symbol of the inviolability of our Fatherland.

In Russia and other countries there are many monuments and museums dedicated to the great commander. The settlements, space objects, ships are named in his honor. In 2014, the newest submarine “Generalissimo Suvorov” was laid. But the monument to Suvorov on the square of the same name opposite the Trinity Bridge in St. Petersburg was the first. True, he opened in another place.

Pavel I made a decision to erect a monument in 1799, after the commander returned from a Swiss-Italian campaign, in which the royal son Konstantin and 15-year-old Arkady Suvorov took part in the rank of adjutant general. By the way, during that campaign the tsar granted the title of Crown Prince to Constantine, who was not a direct heir.

Pavel I understood the significance of Suvorov’s victories and, although he kept him in disgrace, ordered “to place in Gatchina, in the square against the palace, the statue of Prince Italian, Count Suvorov-Rymniksky”. In Russian stories it did not happen that the monument was erected during his lifetime, and not even the royal person. Before this happened only in ancient Rome.

The work was entrusted to the famous Russian architect - sculptor M. I. Kozlovsky and architect A. N. Voronikhin. But no matter how rushed Paul, the monument in his lifetime did not. A year before its opening, Suvorov passed away. And the rare high rank of the Russian army, the generalissimo, who had been granted to the commander 28 of October 1799, could not add anything to his world-wide fame. In March, 1801 didn’t become Paul I, but the work continued.

At the opening of the monument 5 (17) in May attended by the new emperor Alexander I and the generals. Suvorov's figure was presented allegorically, and not everyone understood this even in the highest circles of St. Petersburg light. The statue has nothing to do with the appearance of the commander, but the inscription explains: “Prince of Italy, Count Suvorov-Rymniki. 1801.

Originally, the monument was erected at the Mikhailovsky Castle on the Field of Mars. But in 1818, at the suggestion of K. I. Rossi, he was transferred to the place where he stands today. In 1834, a cherry marble pedestal broke from frost and was replaced with pink granite.

Today it is difficult to imagine a monument to Suvorov standing against the Mikhailovsky Castle. But then the Field of Mars also looked completely different. In 1818, the redevelopment around the Mikhailovsky Castle was completed. This led to the transfer of the monument to the newly created square, which faces the Neva River at the Trinity Bridge. And it turned out: it is ideally commensurate with the wonderful creation of M. I. Kozlovsky.

During the Great Patriotic War the monument was not injured. He did not have time to cover, but only sheathed boards. Fascist bombs and shells fell near the pedestal, but Suvorov was unharmed. How then do not believe in mysticism?
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  1. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 19 May 2016 14: 52
    +4
    Thanks so much for the story.
    Regarding the fact that the monument was not damaged during the Blockade, I read such a legend. When Alexander Vasilyevich was taken on a high funeral chariot to the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in St. Petersburg, there was doubt whether the chariot would pass, the Suvorov soldier said: --- Our Suvorov passed everywhere !
    In St. Petersburg there is also a Suvorov Museum.
    The name of the Generalissimo is Suvorovsky Prospekt in St. Petersburg, 2,2 km long. The avenue was laid in the middle of the XNUMXth century, from Nevsky Prospekt to the Proletarskaya Dictatorship Square. It should be added that here is the Smolny ensemble, the Administration of St. Petersburg.
  2. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 21 May 2016 17: 08
    0
    Good note. And Vadim is already published here. That's right, it’s not all the same that Mukhin’s circulation will be increased, all the more so, for free.