"Shvonder - he is the main fool!"
Professor F.F. Preobrazhensky
(M. Bulgakov, "Heart of a Dog")
Professor F.F. Preobrazhensky
(M. Bulgakov, "Heart of a Dog")
11 May on the forum in the section "Opinion" was published an article by an unknown author "A little about the patriotic education in Russia." This is the first article on the unsigned forum that I saw.
A careful reading suggests that either the author is not sufficiently educated and can not understand the purpose and objectives of the state program, or he deliberately discredits the efforts of the current government in the patriotic education of citizens in the hope that the forum users will not read the program itself and limit themselves to the article in question.
As a person dealing with the issues under consideration, I want to ask the members of the forum for a few minutes of attention and enter into polemics with an unknown author of the article. And in order to have whom to call, let's conditionally assign him the name “Shvonder”.
I'll start with a few explanations.
1. There is a method of preparing state and federal targeted programs, in which both the presentation style and sections of the document are defined. In other words, the state program of patriotic education, and the state program for the destruction of chemical weapons, and any other written in the same style and have the same sections. Therefore, the liberal moans of citizen Shvonder about the style we leave without comment.
2. It is simply impossible to determine the beginning or the birth of the process of patriotic education of citizens. It is safe to say that Rurik was also working on these issues. Otherwise, he would not have remained on the throne, because, as the Chinese philosopher Sun Tzu said, the state collapses from the inside, external forces only complete its destruction. The process of patriotic education was carried out to some extent throughout the existence of the state. Including in dashing 90-s. And, of course, this process needs coordination, scientific and methodological support.
3. Patriotic education (and military-patriotic as an integral part of it) is a set of activities and actions that bring up a citizen's love for his homeland and people, pride in them, readiness for the sake of their sacrifice. That is, a lesson in literature, and picking up trash after a picnic, and planting a bush in your own yard, and visiting a museum, and the Immortal Regiment - all this ultimately serves the cause of patriotic education. In other words, it is impossible to build citizens and order: “Get equal! Attention! Getting to patriotic education. "
Now let me go to the text of the article.
We agreed that the presentation style of the state program is not discussed. The concept of "citizen" Shvonder explained in the comments.
“I have nothing against the Ministry of Defense. But it clearly does not fit the notion of an educator. ”- writes citizen Shvonder. “Why?” - let me ask you a question. Both in military institutes and academies military psychology and military pedagogy are studied. Humanitarian training of servicemen, mass cultural and sports mass work in the army are meant for patriotic and military-patriotic education. The same task is entrusted to other security agencies, of which there are quite a few in our country. This explains the list of performers and co-performers of the state program, which is so annoying citizen Shvonder.
“I just can’t write about the Minobornauk. Some swear words come out into the light of God. I will say briefly - this institution of state power annoys me greatly. ” Honestly, I have complaints about this ministry. But, unlike citizen Shvonder, specific: the Unified State Exam, the absence of by-laws that should be issued in the development of the federal law "On Education in the Russian Federation."
“This is the“ spiritual ”beginning. How our state authorities "systematically and purposefully" educate and shape citizens' high patriotic consciousness, as they show and show loyalty to their Fatherland through personal example, and how they fulfill their civic duty and their constitutional duties with the highest readiness - this is for all of us is known. According to the regular arrests of another official regularly voiced by our media. ” Well, everything is in a bunch, so that it is more smart. And government agencies, and officials. Citizen Shvonder, you personally have complaints about "A sense of loyalty to their homeland" и “To the fulfillment of civic duty and their constitutional duties” Putin, Ivanov (both), Shoigu, Medinsky (I listed only the first persons)? What kind of liberal op is "all gone"? They put a particular thief-official, and good. Need to rejoice. But to generalize, why?
“Honestly, the 2000 figure of the military-sports camps strained me a little ...” I open the site of the first available defense-sports center of the Preobrazhensky Airborne Special Forces Foundation and read. It turns out that the cost of such education - 1500 rubles per day. How many days will it be for 25? 37 500 rubles. Tell me - is it lifting money for the overwhelming number of people in our country? ”
As Khryun Morzhov used to say on NTV in the 90s: “Powerfully pushed. Inspires. " And now, my dear Schwonder, I will pass on to the examples. In the Volga Federal District, under the auspices of the Presidential Plenipotentiary with the participation of the Russian Ministry of Defense and DOSAAF of Russia, two military-sports recreation camps “Guardsman” are organized annually. Two camps with two shifts of 180 adolescents per shift (including 40 children from the LPR and DPR). Total 720 students in the summer. In addition to obtaining basic military knowledge on the basis of military higher educational institutions, students compete in popular sports in their midst and get acquainted with cultural andhistorical heritage of the regions. Five meals a day - hospital ration of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The main contingent of participants is adolescents who find themselves in a difficult life situation. I will not specify how much the project costs, I just note that neither parents nor the state pay a dime. The funds are provided by a socially oriented business, or, as I jokingly call them, “red bourgeois”.
So, maybe, you, dear, have penetrated superficially into the problem, and do you make a categorical conclusion?
“But further interesting. About 78 subjects and established centers of military-patriotic education and training of citizens (youth) for military service. Turn on the search engine and find the first available mention of these centers. There are such. For example, the Perm regional center of military-patriotic education. ” And further in the text - a description of how awful everything is.
Unlike you, citizen Shvonder, I am familiar with this center not on the page on the site, but in person. This is the last regional center created in the Volga Federal District. Indeed, during its creation some mistakes were made. However, the center successfully performs its tasks. Until the spring of this year, he was headed by Alexander Vladimirovich Plyusnin, an experienced teacher, an enthusiast, a man with an active lifestyle.
Indeed, on first consideration, Anglicisms do not look very appropriate. But, I will reveal to you a terrible secret: applying on the site, of course, the allowable number of expressions adopted in the youth environment, we dramatically increase the number of site visitors. But he, first of all, was created for them. The corresponding study was conducted by the Central Council of DOSAAF of Russia in 2010 year.
“It seemed to me or is it absolutely not consistent with the patriotic education of citizens”? Of course, it seemed, just you are sharpened on the negative and juggling the facts. In addition, I can not understand what you do not like scouts? The scout movement was founded in Russia in 1909, and was aimed at the spiritual, mental and physical development of adolescents. He was replaced by the pioneer movement. In my opinion, the difference is only in ideology. We are probably the same age as you, and we like the pioneers. And modern students - scouts. What's wrong with that? The main thing is where their elders will lead them.
"Under the guise of the patriotic education that is so necessary for all of us, at state expense, under state patronage, with state escort, calm and fruitful work is underway to disintegrate the consciousness of the younger and younger generation." Where is the firewood from? From the Internet, of course. Based on the analysis of a single page on the site. Once - and the world conspiracy is open. Ovation. A curtain.
“I know firsthand how patriotic education was set up in general education schools. And you, my readers, know this the same way. ”
“And now a living example from own life. My wife is an English teacher at the Center for Early Childhood Education. She teaches kids from 4 to 7 for years in the basics of the language. And so she received such a directive - to prepare a program of patriotic education. She is in shock! After all, its training program is based on textbooks, methodological literature, agreed plans, etc., approved by the same Ministry of Education and Science. And how to carry out such scrupulous instructions? What example should she lean on? ”
I specifically put two quotes next. The author is aware of the unsatisfactory state of patriotic education in educational institutions (apparently from the words of his wife). And below he tragically describes the shock of the spouse who was invited to participate in this process. And it lies, brat, considering us fools. The Ministry of Education and Science forms the state educational standard, which absorbs not all watches. Part of the training time, in simple words, under the authority of the educational institution and the body performing the functions in the field of education of the subject of the federation. What are the problems in the stories about our homeland in English with Oxford breathing (or Harvard accent, or where did the author's spouse studied there)?
In addition, the Ministry of Education and Science in correspondence with teachers is not a member. I suppose the municipal department of education has sent instructions to the head of this Center for Pre-School Education on the preparation of proposals for a draft plan for patriotic education. The director gave an assignment that plunged into shock the teacher of the Russian school and at the same time the wife of a Russian citizen and patriot.
You remember, in 30-ies in the USSR there was such a term - “enemy of the people”. Now we, of course, do not use it. But, in my opinion, there is a term similar in meaning, “liberal”. This is my perception, I do not impose it on anyone. And there was the term "family member of a traitor to the motherland." Abbreviated - CHSIR. And while reading this article, I often found myself wanting to label these people on some citizens who were prone to deception and distorting facts.
But let's go further.
And then citizen Shvonder, who is tired of denouncing Russia, did not cope with the emotions that swept over him.
“I will give one more passage. Although the whole program is one continuous embarrassment. “The activities of the Program are grouped into the following sections: research and methodological support of the patriotic education of citizens; improving the forms and methods of work on the patriotic education of citizens; military-patriotic education of children and youth, development of the practice of patronizing military units over educational organizations; development of the volunteer movement as an important element of the patriotic education of young people; informational support of patriotic education of citizens ". Well, who is that nameless hero, from the pen of which all THAT jumped out! I want to look into his eyes. Although they have him, probably, like a reptile. "
I reread this paragraph several times. I tried to understand what it is: blinding consciousness of anger or the absence of any education and life experience?
Citizen Shvonder, you won’t believe, but research and methodological support in our country has all kinds of activities: the education process, military, space industry, agriculture, sports, and everything neither thought. So why should the process of patriotic education be carried out blindly and without coordination?
I will not write about veterans - I treat them with trepidation. Yes, the state has not fully fulfilled its obligations towards them. But the fact that veterans are the most active participants in the process of patriotic and military-patriotic education cannot be seen only by the blind, or ... (see the terms above).
“Patronage of military units over educational institutions. Actually, it should be the other way around. ”
Actually, patronage is the voluntary help of an older junior. But, on the contrary, it’s the other way around. Pioneers (scouts) came after lessons in tank the regiment, who gave a lecture to officers on the current international situation, who helped to maintain the equipment, who, in the duty of the regiment's duty officer, replaced, and who helped the chief of staff with planning. Nice thing. This is of course sarcasm. But, let me give you another example.
On the initiative of the presidential plenipotentiary in the Volga Federal District, cadet corps of the Volga Federal District were established on the basis of five schools (below the average level). The defense minister assigned them military patrol units (Ryazan school, naval academy, civil defense academy, Samara, Ulyanovsk brigades, etc.). There is a career guidance plan. And several times a year, cadets visit these organizations, can see the army from the inside and get acquainted with the educational process. And note that all these trips are sponsored by the “red burzhinami”.
A lot of words do not like citizen Shvonder. Including the completely neutral word "volunteer". Yes, volunteers appeared as military volunteers. By the way, in the 18 century, military engineers were called pioneers, and in 19, pioneers in the North American continent with ambiguous morality, and Pavlik Morozov appeared in 20. So what?
I note that the volunteer movement has been widely developed in Russia. International forums, major sporting events, and major patriotic events cannot do without volunteers. Wonderful young guys (as a rule, students) donate (that is, in vain) to help people. What's bad about it?
“And the last thing is informational support of patriotic education of citizens. Even hesitate to ask, what kind of animal is this? ”
And you do not hesitate. The page on the site where you studied the Perm Center for Military-Patriotic Education and the training of citizens (youth) for military service is an element of information support. The broadcast of the action "Immortal regiment" - too. Continue?
"And, going to the page of the 13 Program, we will see what all this is done for."
Below is the section “Financial support for the Program” that is mandatory for any state and federal program. And further: "Those. our state and our government do not stint on the fact that our citizens would be brought up by patriots. The cost of this program is almost 1,7 billion rubles. ”
Good or bad, our author does not speak. Try to figure it out for yourself. During the period of economic crisis and with a reduction in the expenditure part of the budget, the state finds more than a half billion rubles. Pay attention: this is only for the implementation of the program. In my opinion, this is great.
In recent years, issues of patriotic education of citizens are constantly in the sphere of attention of the highest officials of the state. For example, the order to create regional centers for military-patriotic education and training of citizens (youth) for military service was given by the president following the meeting of the State Council in 2009. In 2014 — 2015, the issues of patriotic education were considered three times at meetings of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, the results of which gave relevant instructions.
Let me assume that this work played a certain role in the formation of Senior Lieutenant Alexander Prokhorenko as an officer who accomplished a great feat under Palmyra.
Citizen Shvonder does not like the expected results of the Program. As a “conscientious researcher,” he cites them completely. And ends their listing, asking with anguish: “If someone had the patience to finish it all up to the end and grasp the essence, then the question is what? Through the word, the question arises, after two bewilderment, each sentence creates a clear feeling that the one who wrote it does not understand at all how this will happen, about feedbacks, about adjacent interactions and about many other things. And he doesn’t care at all about the end result. ”
Of course, I did not participate in the preparation of the program in question, but I am ready to explain to Shvonder, "How will it all happen". In the federal government bodies and other organizations included in the list of executors and co-performers of the program, private plans for the implementation of the program will be developed and approved. The activities of the program will be implemented partly on their own and by means, and partly by performers who have won tenders (competitions) in accordance with federal law. The executors will report annually to the government about the spending of federal funds allocated for the implementation of the program and the achievement of target indicators (by the way, Shvonder doesn’t have a word about targets but doesn’t know what it is).
In conclusion, Shvonder kicked and state power ("The bestial attitude of the authorities to the veterans")and society as a whole ("No one considers the education of patriotism as a priority business"), yes, strictly speaking, and the veterans themselves. In his opinion, Russia is a country of villains, with which I strongly disagree. And I am sure that readers will support me.
Citizen Shvonder concludes his opus with a question: “But who and how should deal with these tasks (education of patriotism), the question remains open. But we asked him "? Well, once asked, you must answer. Although it is not clear who this "we".
Issues of patriotic (military-patriotic) education, citizen Schwonder, should be dealt with by both state institutions and society. And more specifically, on the part of the state, federal government bodies can be distinguished (historically, the aria and the fleet), state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local governments, educational institutions, cultural institutions, etc. By society, I understand, first of all, family, public organizations (primarily DOSAAF of Russia and veteran organizations), public clubs of a patriotic orientation, sports organizations, youth associations, etc.
Criticism should be constructive. Do not like it - tell me how to do better, and even better - do it.
We, the participants "IN" - tens of thousands. As I understand it, all forum users are patriotic people, regardless of their attitude to the current government. If we all 1 September come to school on the day of knowledge and tell the students about our homeland, it will be a huge contribution to the patriotic education. If each of us will assist in the conduct of the military-sports game "Zarnitsa", this will also be a huge contribution. If each of us, seeing the manifestation of disrespect for our symbols, will calmly convince the youth of the unworthiness of such behavior, and this will be a huge contribution.
It is often said that there is no national idea in Russia. But maybe everything is not so bad? Maybe patriotism is formed as a national idea, or at least as its foundation?