As you know, Bosnia and Herzegovina was originally a multinational region. By 1991, three main groups of the population lived in the republic — Bosnian Muslims, 43,7% at that time, Serbs, 31,4%, and Croats, 17,3%. Another 5,5% of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina defined themselves as Yugoslavs. As a rule, these were either Serbs or children from mixed families. February 29 - March 1 1992 was held in Bosnia and Herzegovina a national referendum on state independence. With turnout in 63,4,% 99,7% of voters voted for independence. 5 March 1992 the parliament of the republic confirmed the declaration of independence. But this decision was not recognized by the Serbs, who constituted more than 30% of the population of the republic. 10 April began the formation of its own authorities of the Republika Srpska. This process was led by the Serbian Democratic Party, led by Radovan Karadzic. In May, 1992 began the formation of its own armed forces of the Republika Srpska. The Orthodox Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina were well aware that in the event of a further exacerbation of the political situation in the republic, they would become the first target of attacks by Bosniaks and Croats. Therefore, the Republika Srpska could not manage without an army. Serious assistance in building the armed forces of the Bosnian Serbs was provided by their brothers from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
In fact, preparations for the establishment of the Bosnian Serb forces began in 1991 year. In a state of strict secrecy, at the end of 1991, officers from the Yugoslav People’s Army, Serbs of nationality who were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina, were transferred to Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina. December 25 The secret order for the transfer of officers was signed by Yugoslav Defense Minister Velko Kadievich. When Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence, there were units of the Yugoslav People’s Army with a total population of about 1991 90 on its territory, with Bosnian Serbs representing 000% of the personnel of the units. 85 January 3 was formed in Bosnia and Herzegovina by the 1992-I Military Region, commanded by Colonel-General Milutin Kukanyats. The headquarters of the region was located in Sarajevo. Part of Herzegovina was in the 2-th military area, commanded by Colonel-General Pavle Strugar. In addition to units of the Yugoslav People’s Army, territorial defense forces were stationed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, controlled by the Serbian Democratic Party. The number of Bosnian Serb territorial defense units reached 4 60 people.
When Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaimed its independence on March 5, 1992, hostilities began in the country. To help Bosnian Muslims, Croatian troops arrived in the republic, attacking the locations of units of the Yugoslav People’s Army. In May 1992, units of the Yugoslav People’s Army began to be withdrawn from Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the same time, the Bosnian Serbs who served in the JNA remained on the territory of the republic and massively joined the Army of the Republika Srpska created on May 12. The latter received from the Yugoslav People's Army Aviation, heavy weapons, military equipment.
Lieutenant-Colonel Ratko Mladić was appointed Commander of the Republika Srpska Army (in the Serbian army, the rank of lieutenant-general is similar to the rank of lieutenant-general in the Russian armed forces). By the time of the outbreak of armed confrontation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ratko Mladich was 49 years old. He was born in 1943 in the village of Bozhanovici on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the family of Neji Mladić, who was the commander of a partisan detachment and died in battles against the Croatian fascists - Ustashe. In 1961-1965 Ratko Mladic studied at the Military Academy, where he graduated with the rank of lieutenant and was assigned as commander of a rifle platoon in the 89 infantry regiment stationed in Skopje. After completing a three-month training course for intelligence officers, Mladic was promoted to the guardian and in 1968 he became the commander of a reconnaissance platoon. In 1970, Mr. Mladich was given the rank of captain, in 1974, the captain of the 1 class. In 1974-1976 Mladic served as assistant chief of the rear of the 87 Infantry Brigade, in 1976-1977. He studied at the Command and Staff Academy in Belgrade, after which he received the rank of major and became commander of the 1 Infantry Battalion of the 89 Infantry Brigade.
After he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1980, Mladich became the head of the operational training department of the garrison command in Skopje, then commanded the 39 infantry brigade. In 1986, Ratko Mladić was given the rank of colonel, after which he became the commander of the 39 infantry brigade of the 26 infantry division, and in 1989 he headed the training department of the 3 military district headquarters. In January, 1991 of Mladic was appointed head of the rear of the 52 Army Corps. At the end of June, the 1991 of Mladic was transferred by the commander of the 9 Army Corps in the town of Knin to Serbian Krajina. October 4 The 1991 of the year Ratko Mladić was given the extraordinary rank of Major General. 9 May 1992, when armed conflict between Serbs on the one hand, Croats and Muslims on the other, already erupted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ratko Mladic was appointed Chief of Staff of the Second Military Region, and the next day 10 May became Commander of the Second Military Region . On May 12, after the decision of the Serbian People’s Assembly on the establishment of the Republika Srpska Army, Ratko Mladic was appointed its commander-in-chief. Chief of Staff was appointed General Manoylo Milovanovic - the same age as Ratko Mladic, who served in the armored formations of the Yugoslav People’s Army until the collapse of Yugoslavia.
The basis of the ground forces of the Republika Srpska were army corps - the 1 of the Krainsky corps, formed on the basis of the former 5 corps of the Yugoslav People's Army and located in Banja Luka; The 2 Krai Corps, formed on the basis of the 9 and 10 Corps of the Yugoslav People's Army and located in Drvar; The Eastern Bosnian Corps, which included the former divisions of the 17 Corps of the JNA and stationed in Bijelyn; Sarajevo-Romaniy Corps, created on the basis of the 4 Corps of the JNA and located in Lukavitsa; Drinsky corps, already formed in November 1992 of the year and stationed in Vlasenica; Herzegovina Corps, organized on the basis of the 13 Corps of the Yugoslav People's Army and located in Bilech. The Air Force and the Air Defense Forces of the Republika Srpska were also formed on the basis of units of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Yugoslav People’s Army and were based at the airfield of Makhovliani near Banja Luka. The commander of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Republika Srpska was General Zivomir Ninkovich. Despite the fact that the Air Force and Air Defense, to a lesser extent than the ground units, participated in the hostilities, during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 79 soldiers and officers of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Republika Srpska were killed. In the 2006 year, as well as all the RS armed forces, the Air Force was also disbanded and incorporated into the Air Force of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
When units and units of the Yugoslav People’s Army left the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Armed Forces of the Republika Srpska faced a difficult task to take control of all the territories inhabited by Bosnian Serbs and prevent the possible Serbian genocide by the Croats and Bosniaks. The most important task was to ensure control over the “Corridor of Life” - a narrow strip of territory linking Serbian Krajina and the western regions of the Republika Srpska with the eastern regions of the Republika Srpska and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The forces of the Republika Srpska managed to crush the Croatian troops and take the "Life Corridor" under control. Serbian troops also managed to occupy the town of Jajce and two hydroelectric power stations on the Vrbas River. The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina continued until the end of October 1995. In 1995, the Croatian and Bosnian forces managed to strike serious blows at the positions of the Bosnian Serb armed forces thanks to the support of NATO aviation. As might be expected, NATO sided with the Croats and the Bosnian Muslims, viewing the Bosnian Serbs as their natural opponents in the former Yugoslavia. Unfortunately, Russia did not provide adequate support to the Bosnian Serbs at that time, which was due to the peculiarities of the political course of our country during the years of B.N. Yeltsin. At the same time, many volunteers from Russia, among whom, first of all, it is necessary to note the Cossacks, fought on the territory of the former Yugoslavia as part of the Serbian troops, their contribution to the protection of Orthodox Serbs is invaluable.
At the end of October 1995, the fighting in Bosnia and Herzegovina ceased. In the postwar period, the modernization of the Republika Srpska Army began. First of all, a large-scale reduction of the Bosnian Serb forces was launched. In the first five post-war years, the number of troops of the Republika Srpska decreased from 180 000 soldiers and officers to 20 000 people, at the beginning of 2000's. Bosnian Serb forces numbered 10 000 people. Then the call for military service was canceled, after which their number was reduced even to 7 000 people. Before joining the united armed forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Bosnian Serb army consisted of an 3 981 officer and soldier.
However, the potential of the Republika Srpska Army remained significant. Firstly, the vast majority of Bosnian Serb adult men had experience in military service and participation in hostilities. Secondly, the Bosnian Serbs had significant weapons at their disposal. By 1999, the Republika Srpska Army was in service with 73 tank M-84 and 204 of the T-55, 118 BMP M-80, 84 BTR M-60, 5 PT-76, 19 BTR-50, 23 BOV-VP. The Bosnian Serbs were armed with 1522 artillery pieces and rocket launchers, including 95 rocket launchers and MLRS, 720 self-propelled, field and anti-tank guns, 561 recoilless guns and 146 mortars. The Air Force had 22 aircraft and 7 combat helicopters.
In August 2005, the Republika Srpska Assembly agreed with the plan to form a united armed forces and a unified Ministry of Defense in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The then President of the Republika Srpska Dragan Chavich stressed that the republic is interested in joining NATO, as it allegedly meets the general interests of the development of the country and ensuring the safety of its people. Thus, the West has actually "pushed through" the issue of the elimination of the Republika Srpska as an independent public entity with its own armed forces. Warehouses with weaponswho were at the disposal of the Bosnian Serbs, were transferred under the joint control of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the UN peacekeeping forces, with part of the military equipment was destroyed, and the other part was sold, including to Georgia. A decade after the cessation of the existence of the Republika Srpska Army, it turned out that a significant part of its weapons fell into the hands of the Syrian "oppositionists" - the terrorists. Naturally, this also did not go without the intelligence services of the United States and other NATO countries, which were able to control the weapons stores of the former Bosnian Serb forces.
War crimes against the non-Serb population of Bosnia and Herzegovina were brought against the command of the armed forces of the Republika Srpska. In Bosnia and Serbia, a number of high-ranking officials of the leadership of the Republika Srpska and the command of the armed forces, including Radovan Karadzic, General Ratko Mladić, General Galić and many others, were arrested. The International Tribunal accused 53 of Serbian officers from the Army of the Republika Srpska of war crimes. The persecution of political and military leaders of the Republika Srpska reflects the general “double standards” policy applied by the United States of America and the countries of the European Union. In Serbia, the Serbian regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian Krajina, the arrested politicians and the military enjoy universal support, but the pro-Western leadership of the former Yugoslav republics is trying in every possible way to silence it.