Military Review

Day of the Republic of Serbian Army. A memorable date for the Bosnian Serbs

12 May in the Republic of Serbian Bosnia and Herzegovina celebrated Army Day. On this day in 1992, the Assembly of the Serbian people of Bosnia and Herzegovina, at a meeting in Banja Luka, decided to form the army of the Republika Srpska. Although ten years ago, in 2006, the army of the Republika Srpska ceased to exist, and most of its units joined the unified Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, for the majority of the inhabitants of the Republika Srpska and other ethnic Serbs living in Bosnia and Herzegovina, May 12 it still remains festive. After all, a complicated and tragic page in stories the Serbian people - the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the 1990-s. The army of the Republika Srpska played a crucial role in the defense of the Serbian people.

As you know, Bosnia and Herzegovina was originally a multinational region. By 1991, three main groups of the population lived in the republic — Bosnian Muslims, 43,7% at that time, Serbs, 31,4%, and Croats, 17,3%. Another 5,5% of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina defined themselves as Yugoslavs. As a rule, these were either Serbs or children from mixed families. February 29 - March 1 1992 was held in Bosnia and Herzegovina a national referendum on state independence. With turnout in 63,4,% 99,7% of voters voted for independence. 5 March 1992 the parliament of the republic confirmed the declaration of independence. But this decision was not recognized by the Serbs, who constituted more than 30% of the population of the republic. 10 April began the formation of its own authorities of the Republika Srpska. This process was led by the Serbian Democratic Party, led by Radovan Karadzic. In May, 1992 began the formation of its own armed forces of the Republika Srpska. The Orthodox Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina were well aware that in the event of a further exacerbation of the political situation in the republic, they would become the first target of attacks by Bosniaks and Croats. Therefore, the Republika Srpska could not manage without an army. Serious assistance in building the armed forces of the Bosnian Serbs was provided by their brothers from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

In fact, preparations for the establishment of the Bosnian Serb forces began in 1991 year. In a state of strict secrecy, at the end of 1991, officers from the Yugoslav People’s Army, Serbs of nationality who were born in Bosnia and Herzegovina, were transferred to Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina. December 25 The secret order for the transfer of officers was signed by Yugoslav Defense Minister Velko Kadievich. When Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence, there were units of the Yugoslav People’s Army with a total population of about 1991 90 on its territory, with Bosnian Serbs representing 000% of the personnel of the units. 85 January 3 was formed in Bosnia and Herzegovina by the 1992-I Military Region, commanded by Colonel-General Milutin Kukanyats. The headquarters of the region was located in Sarajevo. Part of Herzegovina was in the 2-th military area, commanded by Colonel-General Pavle Strugar. In addition to units of the Yugoslav People’s Army, territorial defense forces were stationed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, controlled by the Serbian Democratic Party. The number of Bosnian Serb territorial defense units reached 4 60 people.

When Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaimed its independence on March 5, 1992, hostilities began in the country. To help Bosnian Muslims, Croatian troops arrived in the republic, attacking the locations of units of the Yugoslav People’s Army. In May 1992, units of the Yugoslav People’s Army began to be withdrawn from Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the same time, the Bosnian Serbs who served in the JNA remained on the territory of the republic and massively joined the Army of the Republika Srpska created on May 12. The latter received from the Yugoslav People's Army Aviation, heavy weapons, military equipment.

Lieutenant-Colonel Ratko Mladić was appointed Commander of the Republika Srpska Army (in the Serbian army, the rank of lieutenant-general is similar to the rank of lieutenant-general in the Russian armed forces). By the time of the outbreak of armed confrontation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ratko Mladich was 49 years old. He was born in 1943 in the village of Bozhanovici on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the family of Neji Mladić, who was the commander of a partisan detachment and died in battles against the Croatian fascists - Ustashe. In 1961-1965 Ratko Mladic studied at the Military Academy, where he graduated with the rank of lieutenant and was assigned as commander of a rifle platoon in the 89 infantry regiment stationed in Skopje. After completing a three-month training course for intelligence officers, Mladic was promoted to the guardian and in 1968 he became the commander of a reconnaissance platoon. In 1970, Mr. Mladich was given the rank of captain, in 1974, the captain of the 1 class. In 1974-1976 Mladic served as assistant chief of the rear of the 87 Infantry Brigade, in 1976-1977. He studied at the Command and Staff Academy in Belgrade, after which he received the rank of major and became commander of the 1 Infantry Battalion of the 89 Infantry Brigade.

After he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1980, Mladich became the head of the operational training department of the garrison command in Skopje, then commanded the 39 infantry brigade. In 1986, Ratko Mladić was given the rank of colonel, after which he became the commander of the 39 infantry brigade of the 26 infantry division, and in 1989 he headed the training department of the 3 military district headquarters. In January, 1991 of Mladic was appointed head of the rear of the 52 Army Corps. At the end of June, the 1991 of Mladic was transferred by the commander of the 9 Army Corps in the town of Knin to Serbian Krajina. October 4 The 1991 of the year Ratko Mladić was given the extraordinary rank of Major General. 9 May 1992, when armed conflict between Serbs on the one hand, Croats and Muslims on the other, already erupted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ratko Mladic was appointed Chief of Staff of the Second Military Region, and the next day 10 May became Commander of the Second Military Region . On May 12, after the decision of the Serbian People’s Assembly on the establishment of the Republika Srpska Army, Ratko Mladic was appointed its commander-in-chief. Chief of Staff was appointed General Manoylo Milovanovic - the same age as Ratko Mladic, who served in the armored formations of the Yugoslav People’s Army until the collapse of Yugoslavia.

The basis of the ground forces of the Republika Srpska were army corps - the 1 of the Krainsky corps, formed on the basis of the former 5 corps of the Yugoslav People's Army and located in Banja Luka; The 2 Krai Corps, formed on the basis of the 9 and 10 Corps of the Yugoslav People's Army and located in Drvar; The Eastern Bosnian Corps, which included the former divisions of the 17 Corps of the JNA and stationed in Bijelyn; Sarajevo-Romaniy Corps, created on the basis of the 4 Corps of the JNA and located in Lukavitsa; Drinsky corps, already formed in November 1992 of the year and stationed in Vlasenica; Herzegovina Corps, organized on the basis of the 13 Corps of the Yugoslav People's Army and located in Bilech. The Air Force and the Air Defense Forces of the Republika Srpska were also formed on the basis of units of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Yugoslav People’s Army and were based at the airfield of Makhovliani near Banja Luka. The commander of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Republika Srpska was General Zivomir Ninkovich. Despite the fact that the Air Force and Air Defense, to a lesser extent than the ground units, participated in the hostilities, during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 79 soldiers and officers of the Air Force and Air Defense of the Republika Srpska were killed. In the 2006 year, as well as all the RS armed forces, the Air Force was also disbanded and incorporated into the Air Force of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

When units and units of the Yugoslav People’s Army left the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Armed Forces of the Republika Srpska faced a difficult task to take control of all the territories inhabited by Bosnian Serbs and prevent the possible Serbian genocide by the Croats and Bosniaks. The most important task was to ensure control over the “Corridor of Life” - a narrow strip of territory linking Serbian Krajina and the western regions of the Republika Srpska with the eastern regions of the Republika Srpska and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The forces of the Republika Srpska managed to crush the Croatian troops and take the "Life Corridor" under control. Serbian troops also managed to occupy the town of Jajce and two hydroelectric power stations on the Vrbas River. The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina continued until the end of October 1995. In 1995, the Croatian and Bosnian forces managed to strike serious blows at the positions of the Bosnian Serb armed forces thanks to the support of NATO aviation. As might be expected, NATO sided with the Croats and the Bosnian Muslims, viewing the Bosnian Serbs as their natural opponents in the former Yugoslavia. Unfortunately, Russia did not provide adequate support to the Bosnian Serbs at that time, which was due to the peculiarities of the political course of our country during the years of B.N. Yeltsin. At the same time, many volunteers from Russia, among whom, first of all, it is necessary to note the Cossacks, fought on the territory of the former Yugoslavia as part of the Serbian troops, their contribution to the protection of Orthodox Serbs is invaluable.

At the end of October 1995, the fighting in Bosnia and Herzegovina ceased. In the postwar period, the modernization of the Republika Srpska Army began. First of all, a large-scale reduction of the Bosnian Serb forces was launched. In the first five post-war years, the number of troops of the Republika Srpska decreased from 180 000 soldiers and officers to 20 000 people, at the beginning of 2000's. Bosnian Serb forces numbered 10 000 people. Then the call for military service was canceled, after which their number was reduced even to 7 000 people. Before joining the united armed forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Bosnian Serb army consisted of an 3 981 officer and soldier.

Day of the Republic of Serbian Army. A memorable date for the Bosnian Serbs

However, the potential of the Republika Srpska Army remained significant. Firstly, the vast majority of Bosnian Serb adult men had experience in military service and participation in hostilities. Secondly, the Bosnian Serbs had significant weapons at their disposal. By 1999, the Republika Srpska Army was in service with 73 tank M-84 and 204 of the T-55, 118 BMP M-80, 84 BTR M-60, 5 PT-76, 19 BTR-50, 23 BOV-VP. The Bosnian Serbs were armed with 1522 artillery pieces and rocket launchers, including 95 rocket launchers and MLRS, 720 self-propelled, field and anti-tank guns, 561 recoilless guns and 146 mortars. The Air Force had 22 aircraft and 7 combat helicopters.

In August 2005, the Republika Srpska Assembly agreed with the plan to form a united armed forces and a unified Ministry of Defense in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The then President of the Republika Srpska Dragan Chavich stressed that the republic is interested in joining NATO, as it allegedly meets the general interests of the development of the country and ensuring the safety of its people. Thus, the West has actually "pushed through" the issue of the elimination of the Republika Srpska as an independent public entity with its own armed forces. Warehouses with weaponswho were at the disposal of the Bosnian Serbs, were transferred under the joint control of the army of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the UN peacekeeping forces, with part of the military equipment was destroyed, and the other part was sold, including to Georgia. A decade after the cessation of the existence of the Republika Srpska Army, it turned out that a significant part of its weapons fell into the hands of the Syrian "oppositionists" - the terrorists. Naturally, this also did not go without the intelligence services of the United States and other NATO countries, which were able to control the weapons stores of the former Bosnian Serb forces.

War crimes against the non-Serb population of Bosnia and Herzegovina were brought against the command of the armed forces of the Republika Srpska. In Bosnia and Serbia, a number of high-ranking officials of the leadership of the Republika Srpska and the command of the armed forces, including Radovan Karadzic, General Ratko Mladić, General Galić and many others, were arrested. The International Tribunal accused 53 of Serbian officers from the Army of the Republika Srpska of war crimes. The persecution of political and military leaders of the Republika Srpska reflects the general “double standards” policy applied by the United States of America and the countries of the European Union. In Serbia, the Serbian regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Serbian Krajina, the arrested politicians and the military enjoy universal support, but the pro-Western leadership of the former Yugoslav republics is trying in every possible way to silence it.
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  1. strelets
    strelets 13 May 2016 06: 44
    How defenseless any country can turn out to be ... Enough to buy with a dozen politicians.
    1. Butchcassidy
      Butchcassidy 13 May 2016 08: 07
      Bo Xilai
      China made a serious conclusion from the collapse of the Union for this very reason - there are no inviolable people, any official of any level can be sentenced to serious terms or shot. Because it is better to overdo it than to miss it, because this can threaten the country with the loss of statehood or collapse. Therefore, in China, even Bo Xilai, the son of one of the "eight immortals of the Chinese Communist Party," Bo Yibo, was dismissed from all positions, expelled from the party and sentenced to life in prison on charges of abuse of office and corruption. Because you can buy only what is sold - therefore, such politicians are dangerous for the state security of any country, and who can be bought so easily if not a corrupt official from the highest echelons of power if the task is to destroy the country? The question is rhetorical.

      But in general - Kosovo je Srbija! Ratko Mladic is a hero of the Serbian people!
    2. Megatron
      Megatron 13 May 2016 09: 50
      Betrayed themselves. Montenegro is about to enter NATO, Serbia is eager for EU. The people have a short memory. Soon finally combed under the Euro-tolerant comb.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 13 May 2016 07: 21
    The West actually “pushed” the issue of liquidating the Republika Srpska as an independent state entity with its own armed forces ....... Hmm ... not by washing, so by skating .. Thank you, Ilya ..
  3. Aleksander
    Aleksander 13 May 2016 09: 23
    It is important to note that the West recognized the independence of BiH THREE days after the proclamation! And this is despite the fact that just six months before that, he advocated the inviolability of borders (as is expected under the BHelsinki agreement). It is the recognition of the West that unleashed a civil war in BiH. He was grossly violated the Constitution of Yugoslavia, according to which sovereignty and the right to exit had nation Yugolsavii, and NOT a republic in its composition. That Muslim network had the right to exit, but the Serbs in BiH had the right to stay.
    All these crimes became possible only under the treacherous policies of EBN and Kozyrev (today's resident of the USA).
  4. Charlemagne
    Charlemagne 13 May 2016 14: 12
    Since the war, Yugoslavia has tried to sit on two chairs, to have benefits from the USSR and NATO. They probably didn’t know that it was impossible to have sex and to remain an innocent girl. As a result, we got what we deserved in the 90s. My personal opinion, I'm sorry if I offended anyone.
  5. Uncle Murzik
    Uncle Murzik 13 May 2016 14: 22
    Croatian war criminal received five and a half years in prison.

    Tomislav Mercep, one of the main Croatian neo-Nazis during the collapse of the SFRY and a prominent war criminal, was convicted by a Croatian court of five and a half years in prison for war crimes against civil Serbs. The judge announced the number in 43 killed at the hands of Merchep and his subordinates.

    Meanwhile, Mercep and a group of his thugs, who were called the special squad “Autumn Rains” of the Croatian Ministry of the Interior, only in 1991, several hundred civilian Serbs and prisoners of war were killed. In the camps in Pakračka-Poliana and Zagreb near 300 people, in Gospic and Karlobag 123 people, in Vukovar around 80 people.
    such a European judicial system!
  6. Wolf
    Wolf 13 May 2016 15: 29
    It should be added that the leader of the Bosnian Muslims wrote a k давноiga long ago before a warrior called "Islamic Declaration" on its foundation and support of NATO, he tried to create a unitary state in the world where the Orthodox Christians were simply suppressing bi Serbs. In fact, this is a cleric fascist state made of bonds, full of NATO, just like Croatia itself, because there is a Vatican dispensation! From Hrvatie they beat the Vignani almost from the Serbs, and many beat the judges in the Gaga on NATO courts! The court in the Gaga is done and that bi will release one fault of NATO and proclaim to Serbia by the guilty and genocidal people, which the court did! This is how NATO has created and is creating a lousy history. Prvi genocide after the Second World War beat one over the Serbs in Croatia 1991-1995! Also, Nada will add that Kozirev, Yeltsin and Chernomrdin helped in the Sabeta of Poverty with the help of NATO declaration against the Serbs, the devastation was complete in Russia then! Serbs fought alone against 19 NATO states and Arab Islam as much as 1991-1999 without help, and for this they paid the full price. And now the Serbs are being driven away from the country of Gaga and NATO, and many generals and officers and soldiers are lying in turmoil in Western Europe and for a georic struggle against NATO neo-colonialism! After October 5, 2000. MI6 CIA BND created an orange revolution in Serbia and put the Serbian traitor to the authorities, completely destroyed the country by economic sanctions and a bomb. But the people are not asking this, they are just as vigled as they are. The Serbs have never been a traitor in history and they will get what they deserve when the time comes! Seichas and in Russia it seems like NATO is now vigled against the state they want to recoup, and hope that Rusia has taught a lot from the collapse of the former Soviet Union. It means that it is simple in their strategy and tactics, inciting radical religious and national suprotism, the economic deterioration of the state by sanctions, the socialization of the population, and then the military offensive. Good luck, brothers, and if the time comes, consider yourself Serbs! ;)
    1. kubanec
      kubanec 13 May 2016 16: 17
      1. jktu66
        jktu66 13 May 2016 20: 40
        Actually, this motto was invented in D. Rome smile
    2. Butchcassidy
      Butchcassidy 16 May 2016 07: 53
      Everything is just like that.
  7. kon125
    kon125 13 May 2016 21: 44
    I read Velko Kaldievich’s memoirs. The book was published in a limited edition ... it tracks the course of the collapse of Yugoslavia. The process began even before the 60s, was active in the 70s and the war was clearly programmed. One of the solutions was to send the functions of the Commanders of the districts to the heads of the federal republics, and a clear combination of the Districts and Commands with administrative units formed on an ethnic basis. That is, conditionally ..? Rstan has .... rstan military district, and the president commands it .... rstan. Formation of both officers and ordinary personnel is made from local personnel. Over time, the Army loses spruce command, its units are formed according to the local principle, without mixing, and the first match leads to the final split of the country. Briefly, such an analysis is given by General Velko Kadievich, chief of the General Staff of the Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia, for several decades.
    The book is very interesting ... and useful.
  8. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 14 May 2016 16: 06
    Tito separated Serbia from Russia / USSR in 1948!
    I can’t fully appreciate how good it was for the Serbs. But most likely it turned out to be bad for them ...
  9. dr. sem
    dr. sem 15 May 2016 17: 17
    Quote: strelets
    How defenseless any country can turn out to be ... Enough to buy with a dozen politicians.

    And if ALL privatizers of power are bought and "self-sold" - to the country P ... C!