Military Review

Unknown War. "Berlin"


In the first material of the new cycle I want to tell about the little-known episode of the Great Patriotic War. Which, nevertheless, cost us dearly in terms of casualties.

The events took place in the summer of 1942 in the Ostrogozhsky district of the Voronezh region. On the Liskinsky direction there were fierce battles. Their goal was to seize the largest railway junction of Liski, in order to establish a normal supply of Wehrmacht units in Stalingrad and in the Caucasus direction.

But parts of the Red Army tightly clung to Liski. 196 fascists fought for the defenders of the city for days and nights, but could not do anything. And the Southeastern Railway remained in the hands of the Soviet troops, and along it went the loads to the south and to Stalingrad.

In order to somehow remedy the situation, the German command decided to build a railway bypassing Liski. You can see her route on the German map of the time. 35-kilometer segment would significantly reduce the time of delivery of goods, since the need for reloading and transportation by road would disappear.

And the construction of the railway from the Kharkov highway to the Rostov railway began. This site and received the name "Berlin", or "Road to the blood."

To provide labor, a concentration camp was organized in the city of Ostrogozhsk. And the workers' camps were created all along the route from the Severny hamlet to Evdakovo.

In total, more than 40 thousands of Soviet prisoners of war were involved in the construction of the road. The main part was captured during the unsuccessful Kharkov attack. Naturally, the majority of those who worked in construction died.

The main service for the protection of prisoners of war was carried by the Hungarians from the 2 of the Hungarian army. Hungarian soldiers deservedly left behind a memory as executioners. 17 September 1942, the Hungarians committed an act of massacre of Soviet prisoners of war and civilians near the Northern Farm (then the Small New Mill), where the road began.

According to the local historian Viktor Vasilyevich Strelkin, at first a simple barbed wire pen was arranged on the field near the hamlet, where at first our prisoners of war were kept under the open sky.

Toward the fall, our soldiers were allowed to build a willow of similarity barracks, which at least minimally protected from the weather. In the barracks even put barrels that were used for heating and drying clothes.

On September 17, while all the people were at work, the nonhumans of the Hungarian bottling laid hand grenades into the barrels. When tired and drenched people who had come from hard labor, lit fire in barrels, grenades began to explode, killing and maiming people. Naturally, the prisoners began to run out of the burning barracks. The Hungarians opened fire from manual weapons and machine guns.

Locals tried to help the prisoners, but the Hungarians shot at those who tried to approach the burning barracks. Not spared anyone.

The result of this day was the death of an estimated 450 people. Although in reality, the figure is likely to be larger, as people died later from wounds, burns and injuries sustained in the crush.

And this is just one of the episodes. It is difficult to say today how many similar crimes there were. But the fact that these 35 kilometers cost us more than one thousand lives of our citizens is an indisputable fact.

The road was actually built. Thanks to Viktor Vasilyevich and his work, we have at our disposal documentary shots that were taken by photos and cameramen of the Hungarian army. And on these frames you can see how this happened.

Photos were made by a Hungarian doctor in Ostrogozhsky district

Out of almost three hours of the chronicles telling about the "victories" of Hungarian soldiers, we were able to find a few moments that tell about the construction of this damned road.

The construction of this vital road for the Wehrmacht was interrupted in January 1943. In the course of the Ostrogozhsk-Rossosh operation, the Wehrmacht’s plans to assist and deploy the Paulus 6 Army, as well as the Hungarian 2 and 8 Italian armies, were scattered into dust.

Today, the involuntary builders of the "Berlin" are still underground. Not all found, a small fraction of those who are found identified. Works are carried out from 2010 year to the present.

The fact that these people died in captivity and almost 75 years lie like this, the restless, today puts the responsibility on us before them. It is not their fault that they died that way, and that they were taken prisoner. These are our people.

We are sure that this is the first, but not the last material, made in close cooperation with search engines. Their task is to search for our soldiers, ours is to make previously unknown facts of our past the property of all Russian people who are not indifferent to this.

We express our deep appreciation to Viktor Vasilyevich Strelkin and Evgenia Popova (VROO IPPO Don) for the materials provided.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 12 May 2016 07: 20
    .. Thank you, we are waiting for new materials ...
  2. Aleksander
    Aleksander 12 May 2016 08: 02
    Inhumans of Hungarian bottling laid hand grenades in barrels. When the tired and wet people who came from the hard labor, lit a fire in barrels, grenades began to explode, killing and mutilating people.

    And to these NON-PEOPLE in the same place, in the Voronezh region, a Memorial was built! Wildness and the game of tolerance.
    And do not compare with the burial of our soldiers in Hungary: our atrocities, did not commit.
    It is necessary to officially recognize the Hungarian army criminal organizationand criminals do not build memorials ....
    1. reservist
      reservist 12 May 2016 16: 08
      Quote: Aleksander
      And to these NON-PEOPLE in the same place, in the Voronezh region, a Memorial was built!

      I agree with Roman
      Well lie. I often drive past the Hungarian cemetery in the village of Rudkino. And, I repent, I look at him with a feeling of deepest satisfaction. I am pleased that there are so many of them.
      1. smershxnumx
        smershxnumx 12 May 2016 19: 50
        Ghouls ... I apologize, but I have no other word ...
    2. Monarchist
      Monarchist 1 June 2016 13: 39
      I heard from the old people: during the war years, Hungarians and Romanians and Slovaks passed through our village. The Hungarians were remembered for their sophisticated sadism. Romanians robbed the civilian population, they could hit or shout, but without sadism. Someone told me that in Ukraine and in the 60s they were swearing "your muzzle is Magyar". That means that everywhere they were "distinguished by good breeding," that is, a rampant sadism.
  3. Tanya
    Tanya 12 May 2016 08: 24
    Voronezh was to receive the title Hero City. To say that the city fought more than worthily is to say nothing. But because of the Hungarians who fought and atrocities here, this topic was unfairly closed.
    To all who took upon themselves the terrible blow of that war is eternal Memory ...
    Thanks to the authors.
  4. avia12005
    avia12005 12 May 2016 09: 25
    Russia must demand damages from all allies of Hitler's Germany. And our human rights activists, too, to connect, and then they have a record on Stalin seized.
    1. Monarchist
      Monarchist 1 June 2016 13: 48
      It is a big "sin" to tell the cattle who they are, and they began to scold Stalin at the 20th party congress, and now they have reached the point that they are trying to equate the "St. George's" ribbon with the swaistika: such symbols resemble Stalin's despotism.
  5. Romin
    Romin 12 May 2016 09: 48
    Everlasting memory.
    And here we are looking for allies in the Hungarians ...
    In general, I noticed that these examples are not used for situational and psychological training of fighters.
    It should be clear to everyone, surrendered - a disenfranchised creature and a potential corpse
    Cling, wet and take as much as possible with you
    Self-weakness must be crushed when you defend your homeland ... Pissed, but complete the task ..
    There are hopeless situations, and there has been a massive surrender of tens, hundreds and thousands of soldiers. As far as I know in the first year of the war: about 3 million
    And each Warrior in battle is minus one enemy.
    Each surrendered, plus two enemies.
    And about the monuments, the invaders on our territory is generally wildness!
    There is no and there can be no reconciliation!
    One perversion of history.
    And the most important distortion, the crimes of these freaks were deliberately kept silent in the USSR and in our time
    But now we are reaping ... All the shortcomings of the little brother have shown their true face and attitude towards us towards Russia.
    And we swallowed and ours upstairs all this time smiling nicely and ... no need to stir up ...
    ... Ivan does not remember ... And on the same rake ...
    I've been analyzing our history and hope that the "run" in a circle, nevertheless, will turn into a spiral ...
    1. alicante11
      alicante11 12 May 2016 13: 22
      It should be clear to everyone, surrendered - a disenfranchised creature and a potential corpse

      It's hard to say if you've never been in such a situation yourself. You can remember the suicidal insane samurai attacks, they could do a lot with swords against amer's machine guns? The same applies to our soldiers, when the fascists surrounded a military unit hiding in the forest and hollowing it with artillery, and they even have nothing to say, how can they "drag at least one enemy with them"? Or when a column of tanks is rushing towards an infantry rear unit, and they don't even have grenades? I recall an episode from the film when an officer tries to throw a large stone at the tanks. What's the point? And just fight to the end, when comrades are fighting around, but what if EVERYONE around them raised their hands, and even on the orders of the commanders?
      On the other hand, you are right, a proud person is disgusted at any time precisely because of the complete powerlessness and defenselessness of a prisoner of war. Let the "conventions" be signed three times, there is always a chance to run into an inadequate and a sadist, who are always more in the rear and security units. Therefore, IMHO, there is a sense in Japanese philosophy, which denies captivity and the last patron "for yourself" must be left.
  6. bbss
    bbss 12 May 2016 12: 50
    How many howls about the events in Budapest were, and how many more we will hear in the fall on the anniversary of the events!
  7. Zeeke
    Zeeke 12 May 2016 13: 38
    And there are a huge number of such dead, those who have not been found, the "echo of war" will respond for a long time. Thanks to the search teams and organizations for the hard work!
  8. Sasha_Sar
    Sasha_Sar 12 May 2016 15: 34
    About Budapest. All who were killed then were Hungarian communists by the hands of their fellow citizens. And they cut their own with equal fury. And the Russians with the Germans then pulled them apart so that they would not be cut to the "mice".