Five boys rescued the wounded soldiers
In Rostov-on-Don, the most famous young hero who died during the Great Patriotic War, without a doubt, is Vitya Cherevichkin. Tragic история This very ordinary Rostov teenager, whose passion was pigeons, is sung in songs and covered in many articles and essays. Vitya Cherevichkina the Nazis killed in the first occupation of Rostov-on-Don - in the autumn of 1941. And during the second occupation, five Soviet pioneers were shot from the Ulyanovsk street. On the streets of Rostov, there were still battles of Hitlerites who had broken into the city with the retreating Soviet units. 23-24 July 1942, the Nazi forces once again succeeded in defeating Rostov-on-Don, defeating the Red Army. This time the occupation lasted 205 days and was accompanied by terrible events. Brutal Nazis staged massacres of civilians. More than 27 of thousands of Soviet citizens, among whom were Rostovites of Jewish nationality and their relatives who wished to share the fate of their spouses or parents, Red Army prisoners of war, captured communists and Komsomol members, were killed only in Zmiyevsky Gully. But then, on the first day of the occupation, the Soviet soldiers, as they could, tried to defend Rostov.
There was nowhere to retreat, and the only chance for salvation from captivity or death for Soviet soldiers was the help of the local population. Only residents of the surrounding neighborhoods could hide the soldiers in their homes, basements, and attics. The soldiers began to knock at home, fleeing the next on the heels of the Nazis. Compassionate townspeople disguised them in civilian clothes, hid in the attics of houses and basements. Many Soviet soldiers during the fighting for Rostov were seriously wounded, contused, were under the rubble of buildings collapsed from bombing and shelling. And here again children from Ulyanovskaya Street showed their heroism. Five pioneers picked up the streets of the city and dug up Red Army soldiers in collapsed buildings near 40. Soviet soldiers hid in the attic of a house in Ulyanovsk. But it was not without betrayal - one of the residents of the street "surrendered" shelter to the Gestapo. On the morning of July 24, 1942, a German unit arrived in the courtyard of the house number 27 on Ulianovskaya Street. The Nazis began to search the house, all apartments, basement and attic.
Forty wounded Red Army soldiers were found in the attic of the house. They were thrown out of the attic and finished off with bayonets. After the brutal massacre of soldiers, the Nazis built all the tenants of the house and demanded to extradite those who hid the Red Army - under the threat of execution of all the tenants. Five pioneers themselves went ahead - Kolya Kizim, Vitya Protsenko, Vanya Zyatev, Kolya Sidorenko, Igor Neygof. At first, the Nazis did not believe the guys and began to torture them. They wanted the children to tell who the adults were helping to hide the wounded. But the young heroes, while preserving their composure, did not utter a word. Only Igor Neygof, a “homely boy” who, before the war, was not at all like a hero, shouted “Mom!” Several times. 24 July 1942, the Nazis shot five young heroes in the courtyard on Ulyanovsk Street. Today, in memory of their exploits, a memorial plaque is installed on one of the houses on Ulyanovskaya Street, at the corner with Semashko Lane. The names of Kolya Kizima, Viti Protsenko, Igor Neygof, Kolya Sidorenko and Vanya Zyatin have remained forever in the history of their native city - like real heroes who gave their lives for the liberation of Rostov-on-Don. Igor Neughof’s sister Nina Neuhof in 1943, after the liberation of Rostov-on-Don, became a fighter of the Mikhail Trifonov’s reconnaissance unit Yugov and died heroically during an unsuccessful landing party in the village of Pavlovka in the Donbass.
Underground worker from Verkhne-Gnilovsky settlement
Another young hero of Rostov, Zhenya Repko, grew up in the Upper Gnilovsky village. This is the closest part of the village of Gnilovskaya to the center of Rostov. The village itself became part of the city after the war, and the village of Verkhne-Gnilovskaya became part of Rostov much earlier. Working people lived in the houses and houses of the village, and the kids loved to run along steep descents and alleys to the Don, on the right steep bank of which the village is located. Here lived Grigori Pavlovich Repko and his wife Anna Alexandrovna - Zhenya's parents. When the war began, Zhenya Repko, a young resident of Verkhne-Gnilovsky, together with his friends Kolya Seryanov and Vitya Kozlov, went to the military registration and enlistment office. The guys wanted to be asked to the front, to the army. But the military commissar did not want to hear about such young volunteers - they say it’s too early, go home, we can handle it without you. The teenagers left the draft board annoyed. In the fall of 1941, the Nazis broke into Rostov-on-Don. True, the first occupation of Rostov was short - a week later, Soviet troops drove the Germans out of the city. But 24 July 1942. The Nazis again occupied Rostov-on-Don - this time for a long time. The second occupation of the capital of the Don region continued for 205 days. Young Zhenya Repko together with his friends went to Vladimir Nikolaevich Bazykin, a school teacher whom the children respected and whose opinion they listened to. He advised to create an underground group, to capture weapon and start a fight with the Germans, not waiting for the approach of the Red Army. So a partisan group of eleven people, led by Nikolai Alexandrovich Zotov, appeared.
In order to begin active underground activities, first of all, it was required to seize a weapon. The guerrillas decided to attack the Hitler military warehouse. Outlined the object of attack. In the evening, six young underground workers sneaked up to the warehouse and, despite the fact that he was guarded by a German soldier, penetrated inside and carried out rifles, three boxes of ammunition, grenades and fuses. When the guys had already left the storage room and were moving away towards the village, the sentry noticed them. He opened fire from a machine gun, but the young underground workers were already far away and they managed to escape without loss. The weapons were hidden in a shed on Petrashevskaya Street - the members of an underground group lived there, brothers Yevgeny and Yuri Egorov. After the attack on the warehouse, the young underground fighters became enthusiastic and began to perform other tasks. The city was posting reports of the Soviet Information Bureau, leaflets. At the Rostov-Bereg station, in the village of Verkhne-Gnilovsky, the guys set fire to a Hitler ammunition depot.
In the meantime, with Rostov, parts of the advancing Red Army were breaking through closer and closer. It was the beginning of February 1943, and only a few days remained until the liberation of the city. Wishing to bring this day closer and to clear the native Rostov from the Hitlerite invaders, the underground workers acted more and more actively. As Zhenya Repko ran out of the house. Back he never returned. The mother of the young hero, Anna Alexandrovna Repko, recalled that during the next bombing, the family, as usual, hid in a slot that was in the courtyard of the house and was used as a bomb shelter. Then Grigory Pavlovich went to look at the furnace, and Zhenya at this time jumped out into the street. He ran to his friends - Nikolai Seryanov and Viktor Kozlov. The guys went to Portovaya Street, where they met fighters of the Soviet intelligence unit. The Red Army men were already in the city. The young underground workers reported to them information about the location of Hitler's military units and warehouses and decided to join the advancing Red Army. Zhenya himself led the Soviet soldiers to the pumping station where the Hitler gun emplacements were located. The guy often visited these places, because his father, Grigory Pavlovich, worked there as a senior machinist. Coming to visit his father, Zhenya still during the occupation remembered the location of Hitler's positions.
Here, in the battles on the pumping station, young Zhenya Repko and died while suppressing Hitler's firing point. This happened on February 8 1943, less than a week remained before the liberation of Rostov-on-Don. 14 February the city was cleared of the Nazi invaders, but the young Gene Repko, who laid down his life for the sake of his liberation, was never destined to see a life free from the occupiers of Rostov. Relatives of Zhenya about the death of their wonderful son were reported by a ten-year-old boy - a coherent underground worker who brought a note from Viktor Kozlov - a friend of the deceased. Evgenia Repko was buried at Verkhne-Gnilovsky cemetery.
They trusted him the banner of the division ...
Heroes from Ulyanovskaya Street and Zhenya Repko heroically fell in the fight against the Nazis, carrying out underground activities in the territory of their native city. But there were quite young Rostovites who managed to enter the army. Millions of Soviet adolescents rushed to the front, but not everyone was able to achieve the fulfillment of their dreams. The military commissars refused to enroll 14-16-year-olds in the ranks of the Red Army, and young volunteers and commanders of units and units did not rejoice at the young volunteers. And, nevertheless, thousands of Soviet young men and women under the age of majority somehow came to the front and showed themselves from the best side. Sometimes they performed real feats. As Rostovite Edik Zhmailov.
The Zhmaylov family lived in Rostov-on-Don before the war. An ordinary family, like thousands of others, is a father — a railwayman, a mother, and three children — an older sister and two sons. Even before the first German occupation, the Zhmailovs were evacuated to Mineralnye Vody. Mom and two younger sons went to the evacuation. My father went to the front, and soon his elder sister volunteered for him. But after a while my father was wounded, and he was demobilized. As a railwayman, he was appointed head of the train. In Mineralnye Vody he found an evacuated wife and sons. The family decided to return to Rostov-on-Don, which, by that time, had already been freed from the invaders. Returning to his native Rostov, the Zhmaylovs did not believe their eyes - the beautiful southern city was practically destroyed by the Nazis. There was no Zhmaylovs' house either - only a huge funnel remained from him. A relative is sheltered by a homeless family. Edik, who studied in the sixth grade of the Rostov school number 78, had to go to work as a student in a shoe shop.
The entire, as it seemed before the war, life of the Zhmailov family was destroyed by the fault of Hitler's Germany, which had attacked the Soviet Union. Young Edik Zhmaylov increasingly strengthened in his hatred of the Nazis. The last straw was the news of the death on the front of the elder sister. Edik went to the front, leaving a note: “Dear Mom! Do not worry, I went to the front and come back with a victory. " The path to the front of the liberated Rostov stretched out for the young Edik for two months. Sixty days a guy made his way to the location of the army. He walked, went hungry, ate what he would have to. And each time the Soviet fighters who detained him along the way demanded: “It's too early for you to fight, go home!”. But, in the end, the commander of one of the units surrendered after long requests from the young Rostovite. Edik was enlisted as a private soldier in a regimental orchestra - to the position of clarinetist. But the young man was eager for more active affairs. He helped the signalers, served as a messenger at the headquarters, participated in the digging of trenches.
At the beginning of 1944, in the forests of Belarus, the GAZ-67 car, driven by a captain, a foreman and a young private Zhmaylov, ran into a group of Nazis. He grabbed the gun and Edward. The Nazis were neutralized. For their valor, Private Zhmaylov was awarded a watch, then transferred to an "elite" unit guarding the battle flag of the division, and was given the title of "Corporal". Very little did the young corporal Edik Zhmailov live up to the victory over Nazi Germany. 6 February 1945 in the town of Grunwald in East Prussia, there was his last battle with the Nazis. A 15-year-old corporal, Edward Zhmenov, heroically fell on the battlefield. The banner of the division was then saved, and Edik Zhmailov went to the other world, taking five Nazis with him. For his courage and heroism, Edward Zhmailov was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the second degree. In his native Rostov, one of the streets of the Western residential area was named Edik Zhmaylov.