Military Review

Latest shots of the Great Patriotic War: Kurland Cauldron

45
7 May 1945, in Reims, a preliminary protocol was signed on the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany. May 8: Central European Time in 22: 43 (May 9 in Moscow, 00: 43) was already in the outskirts of Berlin Karlshorst in the building of the former canteen of the military engineering school, the final act of Germany’s unconditional surrender was signed, the war in Europe was officially over. However, some groups of Nazi troops continued to resist. So in the western part of Latvia - Kurland shots continued to be heard.


The Kurland Cauldron (also known as the Courland Fortress or the blockade of the Courland Group of Forces) was formed in the autumn of 1944, when the western part of Latvia (historically known as Kurland) remained occupied by the troops of Nazi Germany. In Kurland, the remnants of Army Group North were entrenched, and they were caught between two Soviet fronts along the Tukums-Liepaja line. This environment was not a “boiler” in full - the group of fascist troops was not completely blocked from the sea, therefore the troops surrounded here had the opportunity to communicate with Germany across the Baltic Sea using the ports of Liepaja and Ventspils. Thus, it was possible to supply the group with food, ammunition, medicines, the sea evacuated the wounded, and entire divisions from the group were deployed.

The German "Kurland" army, was the last group of German troops in the Soviet Union, it was formed by units of 16 and 18 of the German armies from Army Group North, which were cut off from neighboring units from Army Group Center the end of October 10, when units of the Soviet Army 51 reached the Baltic coast in the region north of Palanga. At that time, there were about 30 part-time divisions in the encircled grouping, the total number of groups was estimated at about 400 thousand people. By the time Germany surrendered, there were still from 150 to 250 thousands of soldiers and officers of the Hitler army.



All these 30 German divisions remaining in Kurland were defended by a relatively small front, approximately 200 kilometers, that is, one German division accounted for 6,6 kilometers of front. Such a density of troops was more characteristic of divisions in preparation for an offensive than in defense. The Germans had the same high density of units during the Battle of Berlin on the Seelow Heights. But Berlin was the capital of Germany, a major transport and industrial hub, the political center of the state, and behind the 400-thousandth German group of forces in Kurland there were two small seaports and a little more than 50 villages and farms located in wooded and marshy areas. Despite this, the High Command of the German Army attached particular importance to this area, calling it a “bridgehead”, a “Baltic balcony”, an “outer eastern fort of Germany”, a “breakwater”. In the order of the commander of the group Scherner said that "the defense of the Baltic States is the best defense of East Prussia." Hitler supposedly believed that in the future his troops, which were blocked in the west of Latvia, could still be used for a decisive blow on the Eastern Front.

Two German armies, which retain their fighting efficiency, could resist for a long time. They were well aware of the fact that the path of retreat to North Germany was already cut off for them, so they were ready to fight with the ferocity of the doomed. At the final stage, General of Infantry, Karl Augustus Hilpert, took over command of the encircled grouping, who became one of the main protagonists of the North group during the siege of Leningrad. This German commander possessed tremendous experience, suffice it to say that he was in the army service without interruptions starting in October 1907, and in his last position he was appointed after command of the 16 army. The rank of general was conferred on him 1 on April 1939 of the year. Karl Augustus hoped that the German divisions that had been assembled in Kurland would be able to give the Russians great trouble. Later everything happened. The German units commanded by Hilpert brought a lot of trouble and hassle to the Soviet command. The Red Army undertook large-scale offensive operations five times in order to defeat and liquidate the Courland group of German troops, but they all ended in failure.

According to the preserved memoirs of Colonel-General of the German Army Heinz Guderian, the battle for Courland should not have been in principle - the troops were ordered to withdraw 1944 from the territory of Latvia in the fall. However, the planned German offensive could not be carried out due to the mistake of the commander, Colonel General Ferdinand Schörner, who detained his armored formations in the Riga and Mitava areas instead of leading them to the area west of Shaulyai. By this he gave the Red Army the opportunity to make a breakthrough near Siauliai. This breakthrough finally cut off Army Group North from the rest of the German forces, which was the beginning of the defense of the Kurland boiler by the forces of the remaining 30 divisions. Guderian repeatedly visited Hitler personally with reports on the need for withdrawing troops from Kurland and transferring them to the defense of the German borders, but all to no avail.



As Guderian recalled later, in February 1945, Hitler almost beat him for such proposals. Adolf Hitler completely refused to withdraw parts of the Baltic states, holding on to this "last piece of Russia." Many today question the psychological health of the Nazi leader and the adequacy of his decisions at the last stage of the war. One way or another, the Germans did not succeed in completely evacuating the grouping of troops from Kurland to Germany, and until the end of the war they held impressive forces in Norway. The transfer of these troops to Germany would hardly change the course of the battle in Europe, but could delay the fall of the Third Reich.

The Red Army units in every possible way contributed to this development of the situation, not giving the Germans any respite, conducting offensive operations and preventing the withdrawal of troops to Germany. When Hitler finally decided to redeploy troops in the spring of 1945, it was already too late to take the Army Group Kurland across the Baltic Sea for at least three months.

The first attempt to break through the line of defense of the German troops, the Soviet troops made already from 16 to 19 of October immediately after the capture of Riga and the formation of the boiler itself. The Supreme Command headquarters ordered the Baltic Fronts to 1 and 2 to immediately liquidate the enemy's Kurland grouping. The most successful in this period was the 1 shock army, which was advancing along the coast of the Gulf of Riga. October 18 troops of this army crossed the river Lielupe and were able to seize the village of ериemeri, but the next day their attack was stopped near the city of Tukums. The rest of the Soviet army could not move forward, encountering fierce opposition from the enemy, who often turned into counterattacks.



The second battle for Courland took place from October 27 to October 31, 1944. The armies of the two Baltic fronts fought stubborn battles on the border of Kemeri - Gardena - Letskava - south of Liepaja. An attempt to break through the German defense with the forces of 6 combined arms and one tank the army brought only tactical successes. By November 1, 1944, the offensive was in crisis, caused by heavy losses of equipment, people and depletion of ammunition stocks.

The third attempt to break through the front in this sector was made from 21 to 25 December 1944. The edge of the blow of the Soviet connections this time was aimed at the city of Liepaja. However, now the offensive failed.

The fourth offensive operation in this area, called the Priekulsky operation, took place from February 20 to February 28, 1945. After conducting large-scale artillery preparation and delivering powerful bombing strikes against the enemy aviation Soviet troops managed to break through the front line in the Priekule area. The offensive was attended by forces of the 6th Guards and 51st Armies, which were opposed by the German 11th, 12th, 121st and 126th Infantry Divisions from the 18th Army. On the first day of the offensive, Soviet troops were able to advance to the depth of 2-3 kilometers with the most difficult battles. On the morning of February 21, right-flank formations from the 51st Army were able to occupy Priekule, but even here the advance of the Red Army did not exceed two kilometers. The main nodes of the enemy’s defense were tanks dug into the ground along the tower. According to the memoirs of General M.I. Kazakov, only large-caliber artillery (which was sorely lacking for shells) and aviation bombing could effectively deal with buried tanks.

The enemy’s resistance increased, he introduced fresh divisions of the second and third echelons into battle, using also the “Kurland fire brigade”, which was represented by the 14 armored division. The Germans replaced the 126 infantry division of February 24 seriously battered in the battles with the 132 Infantry Division, after which they managed to stop the advance of the Soviet troops, and the offensive operation of the Red Army was interrupted by February. By the evening of this day, the connections of two Soviet armies: the 28 Guards and the 6, reinforced by the 51 tank corps, were able to expand the German defense breakthrough to 19 kilometers along the front, moving deeper into the 25-9 kilometers. The troops managed to reach the Vartava River, completing the immediate task of the armies. However, the Soviet troops could not develop tactical success into operational and make a breakthrough to Liepāja, which was still 12 kilometers away, they did not have enough strength.



The fifth attempt to defeat the Courland grouping of German troops was made in March. From 17 to 28 March, 1945, the last major battle took place here. Soviet troops sought to break through the defenses of the Germans to the south of the city of Saldus. By the morning of March 18, the advance of the Red Army units was proceeding with two benches directed deep into the German defense. Some of the upcoming units were able to achieve significant success, but were forced to retreat back. This happened due to attempts of their encirclement by the enemy. At the same time, the 8-I and 29-I guards rifle divisions were still surrounded by the Zeni settlement. 25 March 1945, the 8-th Guards (Panfilov) division was surrounded by the enemy, after which she was forced to fight the hardest for two days. Only 28 of March, surrounded by Soviet units, managed to break through the encirclement and return to their own. 1 April 1945 of the year from the disbanded 2 of the Baltic Front, part of the troops were transferred to the Leningrad Front. The task of further blocking the surrounded German troops was assigned to him.

Despite the announcement of Germany’s unconditional surrender, the Kurlandia group continued to resist Soviet forces until May 15. To this date, in the boiler, apparently, all the major centers of resistance of the enemy were suppressed. At the same time, the mass surrender of the German troops began as early as 23 hours on May 8. By 8 o'clock in the morning 10 May 1945 of the year weapon The 68 578 winners of German soldiers and noncommissioned officers, 1982 officer and 13 generals, led by the commander of Army Group Kurlandia Karl August Hilpert, were laid down and surrendered to the mercy of 18. Together with him, the commander of the 16 army Lieutenant-General Bege and the commander of the 135 army Lieutenant-General Folkamer were captured. According to various data, a total of thousands of soldiers and officers of the German army, including about 203 thousands of Latvian volunteers, were captured from 14 to XNUMX.

Despite the announcement of surrender, the Germans continued to evacuate their units from Courland to German territory. On the night of May 9, the Germans sent two convoys of 23 ships and 27 boats of the 14th security guard from the port of Liepaja flotilla, a total of 6620 people left for them. After some time, the third convoy of 6 ships with 3870 people on board left Liepaja. About an hour later, the 4th convoy, consisting of 19 torpedo boats, which managed to load another 2 thousand people, managed to leave the port. During the fourth convoy entering the Baltic Sea, vanguard units of Soviet troops entered the city. After this, the evacuation from Liepaja was naturally stopped. From the port of Ventspils, the Germans also managed to send two convoys, consisting of 45 landing barges and 15 boats, on board of which there were 11 soldiers and officers of the German army.

Latest shots of the Great Patriotic War: Kurland Cauldron


Those who did not want to surrender and did not manage to get on the last convoys leaving Kurland had no choice but to go into the woods and make their way to East Prussia. According to some reports, the enemy’s disparate units, wandering through forests and swamps, continued to resist Soviet troops until July of the 1945 year. Today we can say that the last shot of the Great Patriotic War sounded in Kurland. The SS fighters were striving to break from Courland to East Prussia.

So a large detachment of SS men, numbering about 300 people, was destroyed by Red Army soldiers 22 in May 1945. This detachment, which broke into German territory, retreated under the banner of the 6 SS Army Corps, led by its commander Walter Krueger, who was eventually forced to shoot himself. In this battle, which occurred after the official surrender of Hitler's troops, the Red Army lost 25 fighters. Imagine how sad and bitter it was for their relatives to receive funerals after the Victory. However, the soldiers and officers of the Red Army had to fight with weapons in their hands already after 9 in May, so that the Nazi fanatics, whose hands were stained with blood, did not hide from retaliation. They did not allow them to leave Kurland at the cost of their own lives.

Information sources:
http://russian7.ru/post/kurlyandskiy/full
http://nnm.me/blogs/crash37331/kurlyandskiy-kotel-posledniy-boy-velikoy-otechestvennoy-voyny
http://www.aif.ru/society/history/boy_posle_pobedy_9_maya_1945_goda_voyna_zakonchilas_ne_dlya_vseh
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  1. Moore
    Moore 6 May 2016 06: 10
    +6
    As Guderian later recalled, in February 1945, Hitler nearly beat him for such offers.

    Nevertheless, 10 divisions were transported to Germany from the beginning of the 45th. The other storyteller was "Fast Heinz".
  2. Basil50
    Basil50 6 May 2016 06: 50
    +24
    Reading the * memoirs * of the German conquerors, we recall a joke about a soldier who was disturbed by everyone else. Today there are so many * eyewitnesses * of German victories that the thought arises of psychological preparation for a new * Dranhu ... *, and it seems like the RED ARMY WINS the make-believe, and the Germans * won on points *. Especially in RUSSIA there are those who * stink * about the inferiority of the RED ARMY, and the police protect them from the slap in the face of the citizens, and so also * kicks * about * inferiority * are withdrawn by the state. The shameful inaction of the STATE allows * such * to breed all sorts of fakes and provocations.
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 6 May 2016 06: 52
    +4
    Do they remember in Latvia itself? Or is it liberation, also Soviet occupation?
    1. Moore
      Moore 6 May 2016 10: 04
      +9
      Quote: aszzz888
      Do they remember in Latvia itself? Or is it liberation, also Soviet occupation?

      I lived in those places long enough. Even at school they talked about the hardest battles of the summer-autumn of the 44th. Here is very detailed in the case: http://altyn73.livejournal.com/189997.html
      And then, in the 90s, the same newspaper "Jurmala" was filled with enthusiastic articles about the stunning feats of the locals in the German service, committed to defend (!) Their native land from the red invaders. Military monuments, thank God, did not demolish everything - there are modest stones in Babite, Kauguri. The antiaircraft gun from Sloka was removed, the place itself was dirtied. The largest monument on the Mass Grave in Jurmala (from childhood I remember there a bronze Soldier) was quietly removed, it is not known when -
      but the locals go there, clean up, hold rallies, though on the 8th. Something like this...
    2. The comment was deleted.
  4. igordok
    igordok 6 May 2016 07: 09
    +2
    Interesting opinion.
    1. Volga Cossack
      Volga Cossack 6 May 2016 07: 52
      +2
      tough nut .......... but bitten!
    2. Movie.43
      Movie.43 6 May 2016 08: 39
      +7
      I heard the USSR launched an "offensive on Estonia" instead of "liberating Estonia" - did not look further ...
    3. Movie.43
      Movie.43 6 May 2016 08: 39
      +2
      I heard the USSR launched an "offensive on Estonia" instead of "liberating Estonia" - did not look further ...
  5. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 6 May 2016 07: 51
    +2
    Hard fights were. But we won !!! Thank you for the article!!!!
  6. qwert
    qwert 6 May 2016 07: 51
    +3
    From Ventspils port, the Germans also managed to send two convoys, consisting of 45 landing barges and 15 boats, on board of which were 11 300 soldiers and officers of the German army. Then the go came into the English zone of occupation and waited for the east again to rush, now with the Anglo-Saxons
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 6 May 2016 08: 03
    +6
    The fierce resistance of the Germans in the Courland Cauldron is also explained by the fact that it was the troops that carried out the blockade of Leningrad .. They were afraid of retaliation when surrendering ... Thanks ..
    1. igordok
      igordok 6 May 2016 11: 57
      +1
      Quote: parusnik
      The fierce resistance of the Germans in the Courland Cauldron is also explained by the fact that it was the troops that carried out the blockade of Leningrad .. They were afraid of retaliation when surrendering ... Thanks ..

      These troops held the defensive along the Narva River for a long time. And only the breakthrough of the "Panther Line" near the Island and the withdrawal of our troops to the Baltic states forced the Germans to leave Narva.
  8. erased
    erased 6 May 2016 08: 53
    +1
    The enemy must be finished off completely, without mercy. No half solutions. This principle would be used now. In the Donbass, for example.
  9. Olezhek
    Olezhek 6 May 2016 09: 29
    +4
    Despite the announcement of the surrender, the Germans continued to evacuate their units from Kurland into German territory. On the night of May 9, from the port of Liepaja, the Germans sent two convoys consisting of 23 ships and 27 boats of the 14-th security fleet, just 6620 people departed on them


    It is not clear where at that moment our fleet and aircraft were ...
    1. Alex_59
      Alex_59 9 May 2016 21: 24
      0
      Quote: Olezhek
      It is not clear where at that moment our fleet and aircraft were ...

      Why bomb these convoys on 9 in May? And until May 9 too. All this evacuation in the 45 was no longer of military importance, why should it divert the forces and means that are most needed on the main front? Only out of revenge - do not let escape? We are not sadists, we are liberators. So everything is correct - aviation ironed Koenigsberg and Berlin.
  10. kuz363
    kuz363 6 May 2016 09: 34
    +1
    Unexpected information that after the Victory Day the war actually continued.
    1. Kunar
      Kunar 6 May 2016 11: 35
      +2
      Until 1950, these scum in the woods smoked ....
  11. xan
    xan 6 May 2016 11: 57
    +3
    Why did ours have to step forward and bear unnecessary losses? Let the Germans advance. Well, ships of convoys would be drowned and drowned. Why such activity?
    1. Jurgens
      Jurgens 6 May 2016 13: 36
      +3
      I also thought so while reading the article)))) Well, maybe because then a victory would not have been a victory ??? And this, after many years, would have provided a lot of food for all Western scribblers !!!
    2. EvilLion
      EvilLion 6 May 2016 14: 08
      0
      Well, it's so easy and simple to counter flank attacks.
      Or do you think that the commanders of the fronts were such that they did not understand where to attack on their own, and where to dig in? Actually, at any moment in time, most of the front line is occupied by banal defense.
      1. xan
        xan 6 May 2016 15: 03
        +2
        Quote: EvilLion
        Well, it's so easy and simple to counter flank attacks.
        Or do you think that the commanders of the fronts were such that they did not understand where to attack on their own, and where to dig in?

        Why they took Koenigsberg understandably, but why did they storm Breslau? The garrison could not create our problems because of its scarcity.
        1. bug_1
          bug_1 31 December 2016 18: 04
          0
          Quote: xan
          Why they took Koenigsberg understandably, but why did they storm Breslau? The garrison could not create our problems because of its scarcity.

          this action is truly incomprehensible .... yes, our generals were just stupid and the soldiers were held by the gray cattle ... not everything but under the Stalin regime in the army there were 98% of them ..
    3. Former battalion commander
      Former battalion commander 6 May 2016 14: 29
      0
      At sea, the USSR had almost nothing combat-ready in sufficient quantities to block the coast. Throughout the war, the fleet sat in the blockade and really could not fight. And aviation without reconnaissance and target designation at sea is not capable of doing anything. So, what happened was optimal for the Soviet Union and the Germans did the same.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. creak
        creak 6 May 2016 15: 56
        +6
        Quote: Former battalion commander
        And aviation without reconnaissance and target designation at sea is not capable of doing anything

        But the command of the aviation of the front on its own to organize air reconnaissance, as it was on other fronts, of course could not?
        And the location of the ports where the German convoys were formed was unknown to them and weren’t on the maps?
        Aerial reconnaissance just exists for the preparation of target designation for attack and bomber aircraft, in order to prevent the evacuation of manpower and equipment ...
        Nothing prevented her from conducting it on an ongoing basis at the end of the war, when we had complete air superiority ...
        In this regard, one can recall, for example, how much sacrifice and blood the Baltic Fleet cost the constant activity of the Luftwaffe during the notorious Tallinn crossing in the same Baltic in 1941 ...
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 9 May 2016 16: 39
          +1
          There were no radars on Soviet planes, ships
          they could be cut only visually, during the day and in fair weather.
          In bad weather, the aircraft did not fly, neither scouts nor bombers.
          In addition, German dominated the Baltic until the very end.
          Fleet - he supported the Courland group by fire from the sea.
          Baltic Fleet (several small ships were afloat)
          was locked by minefields in the Gulf of Finland.
          1. Alex_59
            Alex_59 9 May 2016 21: 34
            +3
            Quote: voyaka uh
            In addition, German dominated the Baltic until the very end.
            Fleet - he supported the Courland group by fire from the sea.
            Baltic Fleet (several small ships were afloat)
            was locked by minefields in the Gulf of Finland.

            This is how myths are born. In a few years, word of mouth will probably make something of your words like "There was no Baltic Fleet at all."

            In 1944, the German fleet lost 117 ships and vessels with a total of 156 thousand tons.
            In the 1944 year, the Soviet fleet lost 71 ships and vessels with a total of 11 thousand tons.

            In 1945, the German fleet lost 201 ships and vessels with a total of 392 thousand tons.
            In the 1945 year, the Soviet fleet lost 17 ships and vessels with a combined total of 2 thousand tons.

            I do not know if it is possible to designate such a situation as "the German fleet dominated", I will not dispute the terminology. I am very glad that he dominated in such a peculiar way. May God grant all NATO fleets such domination.
            And on the other hand, if such losses of the German fleet are a consequence of the action of several small ships of the Baltic Fleet, wiped out by minefields in the Gulf of Finland, then this is not just the success of the Baltic Fleet, it is simply fantastic! Achieve such results with just "a few small ships"!
            1. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh 9 May 2016 22: 33
              0
              There is a good link above: an interview with historian Alexei Isaev on the topic.
              There is also about the fleet.
              1. Alex_59
                Alex_59 10 May 2016 07: 33
                0
                Quote: voyaka uh
                There is a good link above: an interview with historian Alexei Isaev on the topic.
                There is also about the fleet.

                Yes, I don’t need Isaev in this matter (although the historian is not the worst) - my grandfather drowned them, just the Navy aviation. From the middle of the 44 to the end of the war, Soviet aircraft in the Baltic drowned anyone, anywhere, whenever they wanted. Although the Germans, of course, were a formidable force until the end of the war and snapped skillfully. However, if the Germans were draping from Courland in May 45, then this is only because the Soviet command did not give a damn about it. At least my grandfather was near Königsberg in April 45. And the geography of the losses of the ships of the German fleet clearly indicates where the Soviet command had priorities - Swinemuende, Usedom, Koenigsberg, Bornholm, Hela. Not a single drowned man in the region of Latvia. The Germans were simply allowed to evacuate from Courland, because the troops exported from there were no longer and could not be militarily organized force - in any case, they were already out of the game.
                1. voyaka uh
                  voyaka uh 10 May 2016 15: 24
                  +1
                  "The Germans were simply allowed to evacuate from Courland" ////

                  It is doubtful. Who allowed? smile
                  Would be those. means - would drown everyone.
                  1. Alex_59
                    Alex_59 10 May 2016 19: 10
                    0
                    Quote: voyaka uh
                    It is doubtful. Who allowed?
                    Would be those. means - would drown everyone

                    Well, let's say, there were more important tasks. Of course they would sink if there were free forces and means. But as a rule they are always in short supply, and even more so at the decisive moment of the war.
                    1. bug_1
                      bug_1 31 December 2016 18: 07
                      0
                      yes, it’s just that all fleets and naval commanders got into trouble during the Second World War ... and specifically .. all the sailors fought as ordinary infantry and suffered terrible losses ... and, moreover, the bikes were poisoned .. worse than our fleet, not a single one of that war appeared even the Brazilian fleet would have done more, or Albania there ... but about the Black Sea, finally kapets ... such a disgrace the history of sea battles did not see ... and think about it .... we had almost 200 submarines in the USSR at the beginning of the war .. .. and the result is ZERO !!! Germans fought on barges and beat us as they wanted the whole war !!!
    4. Ostwest
      Ostwest 10 May 2016 07: 12
      0
      It seems that Alexander Marinesco, with his submarine, sank the Charles Division from here, from the Courland group.
      It also seems that ours simply did not have the strength to eliminate this minor group since the war, and so aviation + submarines + heavy artillery in sufficient numbers would quickly solve the issue of the existence of this boiler.
      The Fritz was lucky here. Yes, and local Chukhons. Stalin was kind, he let him sit in the camps, and today they parade and scold Stalin and the Russians who left them alive. They also receive pensions.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 10 May 2016 15: 21
        0
        "It looks like Alexander Marinesco sank the Karlov division with his submarine
        exactly from here, from the Courland grouping "////

        No, it was a liner converted into a transporter that left East
        Prussia. The Germans took out wounded soldiers and civilians.

        Marinescu was absolutely right: the Nazis themselves drowned from the very beginning
        World War 2 all in a row, and the Red Cross, and barges with refugees, and liners.
  12. Backfire
    Backfire 6 May 2016 15: 04
    0
    Great article, very interesting.
  13. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 6 May 2016 17: 31
    +1
    Eternal glory to the Soviet people - the Winner!
  14. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 6 May 2016 17: 38
    +3
    Quote: Olezhek
    It is not clear where at that moment our fleet and aircraft were ...
    This question torments not only you, but also many researchers of the combat activity of the Soviet Navy and naval aviation.

    Well, we can say that at least in 1944, even our Il-2 mastered topmast bombing, and from the trained pilots transferred to the Yankee "Bostons" it was possible to create quite competent torpedo subunits.

    Quote: Kunar
    Until 1950, these scum in the woods smoked ....

    These were not the Germans, but the "forest brothers" - the Baltic states. The OUN and the Chechen abreks - so generally until the 1960s and until the 1970s, respectively.

    Quote: xan
    Why did ours have to step forward and bear unnecessary losses? Let the Germans advance. Well, ships of convoys would be drowned and drowned. Why such activity?
    Well, the Soviet commanders, after the failure of FIVE attempts to destroy the boiler, switched to a blockade in general. Another question is why these five offensives were needed ...

    Quote: ranger
    Nothing prevented her from conducting it on an ongoing basis at the end of the war, when we had complete air superiority ...
    As a detailed analysis shows, unfortunately, Soviet air forces did not have complete air supremacy even in the 1944 year, only operational in the front line. And the crap..th chances could even produce for example strategic intelligence even in the 1945 year.
    1. creak
      creak 6 May 2016 22: 33
      +1
      Quote: Warrior2015
      only operational in the front line.

      In any case, where-where, and in Courland there was no serious opposition either to the side of the Luftwaffe or to air defense, especially in winter and spring of 1945.
      Yes, what can I say about in 1944, the Luftwaffe - it was already a pale shadow of the former well-functioning mechanism ...
      Therefore, the passivity of the aviation of the Baltic Front remains incomprehensible - the Germans continued not only to evacuate the troops and equipment, but also to supply the Courland group ...
      1. Warrior2015
        Warrior2015 8 May 2016 13: 52
        0
        Quote: ranger
        and in 1944 of the Luftwaffe - it was already a pale shadow of the former well-functioning mechanism ...

        Well, this is not entirely true, I would say - since the fall of 1944, the Luftwaffe has been blown away.
        And the collapse came only in January-February 1945 ...

        But they tried to fly in Courland, and even supplied the boiler through the air.
  15. Bosk
    Bosk 6 May 2016 21: 44
    +3
    There is such a place there, Dzhukste and Pienava, we go there almost every year for field work in the fall (we help), I'll tell you how many years have passed, but there are still enough "gifts" in the ground, and I remember the guys lowered the plow ten santas below the norm. ... so they turned around so much that they had to call in the sappers, by the way, I was especially surprised by the many homemade anti-personnel mines from the German defense ...
  16. bars1
    bars1 6 May 2016 23: 27
    +2
    Some kind of sur: Germany capitulated, and thousands of Germans escorting from the Baltic to Germany by sea ..
  17. moskowit
    moskowit 7 May 2016 19: 11
    0
    I would like to receive more complete information about evacuated convoys. Where did they get to? Almost 24 000 people ...
  18. jrvp79
    jrvp79 9 May 2016 18: 15
    +1
    Unfortunately, they did not always fight by skill, this applies to the Kurland boiler in Latvia, as well as to the German defense line "Tannenberg" in Sinimäe (Estonia), which the Germans left themselves, because there was a real threat of encirclement.
  19. iouris
    iouris 10 May 2016 00: 12
    0
    The Latvian Waffen-SS also defended in the cauldron. After 1990, in Latvia, I talked with a participant who lost his tongue, because he began to receive a pension from the FRG. He met the last days of the USSR with an employee of the SA. As an 18-year-old guy, he jumped off a ship in Liepaja, which was already leaving for Germany. Then, after "filtration", they were either released or given a term. However, they were released under an amnesty. Also, the Bandera. It is not surprising if many then even entered the ranks of the CPSU.
  20. bug_1
    bug_1 31 December 2016 18: 01
    0
    My God ... how our underdeveloped generals liquidated themselves with this cauldron ... they beat and beat him in the forehead until May 9th .. and it seems like on May 8th another general assault began to be bummed ... why did they storm it all the time? who can tell me why they put thousands of our fighters there? the soldiers died just like that, for no reason at all at the whim of the generals who drove them to slaughter ... and the Natsiks didn’t give almost an inch of land ..... stupid massacre organized by downs of the red generals!
  21. konstant213
    konstant213 24 July 2018 01: 22
    0
    A good article is the only thing that is not indicated that originally wanted to defeat the German troops by November 7, but failed.