Military Review

Arado Ar-196. Kriegsmarine eyes

27



3 December 1939, the German “pocket” battleship Admiral Graf Spee, who raided the waters of the South Atlantic, collided with a squadron of British cruisers. Having been damaged during the battle, the battleship, after Uruguay’s refusal to provide harbor for repairs, was flooded so as not to get to the British, and the team was interned. Together with the "Earl of Spee" went to the bottom and his ship reconnaissance - float "Arado" Ar-196. So ended история this pocket battleship, the first of the Kriegsmarine ships to receive a new seaplane before the start of their last voyage. Before his death in the harbor of Montevideo, the Admiral Count Spee seriously annoyed the British, having managed to sink eleven merchant ships, while the main role in the search for victims of the battleship was played by his air reconnaissance aircraft.

After the end of the First World War and until the mid-thirties, the Heinkel company was considered the main producer of float-operated seaplanes in Germany. In 1931, Heinkel built a fairly successful double float biplane, the Non-60, the latest modifications of which, along with the heavier twin-engined seaplane, the Non-51, were part of the infamous Legion Condor and fought in Spain.

In 1935, the company proposed that the German Navy replace the Non-60 with the non-114 plan. However, tests of several prototypes of the Non-114 VI with the Yumo engines revealed very weak flight and hydrodynamic qualities of the new machine. In fact, its characteristics remained at the level of its predecessors. For limited use, ordered three dozen aircraft of this type with 12-cylinder engines Yumo 210 and 45 copies - with radial 9-cylinder engines BMW 132. Subsequently, most of them were in service with the allied countries of Germany.

In the second half of the thirties, “Heinkel” did not have the best of times - its monopoly on the construction of seaplanes was over, since the fleet and the ministry aviation announced increased requirements that the new ejection double seaplane had to meet, and a competition for its development. Well-known companies fought for receiving an order for the mass production of such a machine: Dornier, Arado, Focke-Wulf and Gotha-Wagon-factories. Moreover, each contestant was required to submit an aircraft project in two versions (one and two-float) using BMW 132KV engines. But Heinkel, reassured by a small order for the He-114, did not take part in the competition.

In the autumn of 1936, there were two main candidates among the applicants - “Arado” and “Focke-Wulf”. Having learned about the success of their project, the engineers of Arado accelerated the pace of work on prototypes in order to have time to fly around them in the summer of 1937. Not lagged behind and competitors from the “Focke-Wulf.” Having met the required deadlines, Arado prepared four prototypes: Аr-196 V1, Аr-196 V2 with two floats (prototypes of the future “A” series) and Аr-196 V3, Аr-196 V4 with one float (prototypes V1, Аr-1 V1 with one float (prototypes V1, Аr-62 VXNUMX with one float (prototypes VXNUMX, Аr-XNUMX VXNUMX with one float (prototypes of the A series)) AT"). On the fuselage and the wings of the first caused the code "D-XNUMXENK" and "D-XNUMXНOXNUMX", and the second - "D-XNUMXLRE" and "D-OVМВ". The Focke-Wulf company was offered to build only two copies of its FW-XNUMX biplane, using them as a fallback, deservedly considering the Arado project with one low-lying wing more promising.

The first test flights of prototypes took place in Travemünde. On the Ar-196 V4 installed a complete set of on-board armament, which included two 20-mm guns MG FF "Oerlikon" with 60 ammunition shells and 7,92-mm MG 17 machine gun with 500 cartridges for it. The guns were in the center section of the wing, and the machine gun - on the right side of the fuselage. In addition, two 50 kg bombs could be suspended under the wing.

Arado Ar-196. Kriegsmarine eyes


Evaluation of the flight and hydrodynamic qualities of the new aircraft was carried out at the Göttingen Academy of Sciences in August 1937. The designers had to make the final choice between two floats and one. There was no particular difference in aircraft behavior. Each scheme had its advantages and disadvantages. For example, the single-float Arado behaved well when landing on level water, but the take-off was less smooth — supporting wing floats tended to burrow even with a small wave. The double float behaved more smoothly in any conditions, only at high speed the water hit the surface of the stabilizer. But the last defect was eliminated by the correction of the length of the floats, and, as a result, a two-float machine was adopted for mass production.

Made another copy - pre-series Ar-196 M5 with three-bladed propeller and engine BMW 132K power 960 hp, fully consistent with the production aircraft. It was planned to establish several world records among the float aircraft.
The first batch of ten Ag-196-0 was handed over to the Luftwaffe in November 1938. The ceremony took place in Warnemünde. During the first months of 1939, the aircraft underwent troop tests, the results of which showed the need to strengthen some of the fuselage design nodes. Taking into account the wishes of the military, the company from June to December 1939 of the year released the 20 machines of modification A-1 already with devices for fastening to the ship's ejection. At the same time, the aircraft became heavier on 220 kg and began to weigh 3175 kg.

In November, the 1939 of the year began the construction of the 94 Ag-196А-2 aircraft, mostly similar in design to the previous version and differing only in the equipment. The next modification was the Ag-196-4 (24 aircraft). Aircraft of this series did not have built-in weapons.



In 1941, the first copies of the most massive modification of the Ag-196-3 (produced: in the 1941 year - 97 aircraft, in the 1942 year - 94, in the 1943 year - 106) were released. The production of the series successfully attracted and the French aircraft factory in St. Nazare. On all A-3 machines, a MG 15 machine gun was installed to protect the rear hemisphere.

The latest serial modification of the Ag-196-5 was built in Holland at the factory of the Fokker company in Amsterdam. On these planes, they changed the composition of the radio-electronic equipment and replaced the defensive machine gun MG 15 with the twin MG 81, with ammunition 2000.

There were projects to further improve the aircraft, but unfavorable for the Germans during the war did not allow them to implement. In total, taking into account the prototypes, the X-NUMX Ag-551 was built.

The first warship to replace the Non-60 with the Ag-196 was, as mentioned above, the “pocket battleship” Admiral Count Spee. During 1939, the rest of the first-line ships re-armed themselves: the Deutschland (later renamed the Lutz), the Scharnhorst, the Gneisenau, the Admiral Scheer and the Prince Eugen.

By the beginning of the Second World War, there was only one combat unit, which was armed with the Ag-196A seaplane; this was a detachment of 1./Bfl.St.196 ship reconnaissance aircraft. In the autumn of 1939, another unit was formed - the squadron 5./Bfl.St.196. Their Ag-196 were assigned to battleships and cruisers.



With the beginning of the war, these ships began to act on the communications of the Allies, destroying the ships and convoys on the way. Arado aircraft became their "eyes" and in some cases even air cover. There are cases when scouts from the battleship "Bismarck", using their powerful built-in armament, acted as fighters, attacking single enemy bombers on the high seas. During the war, the Germans often resorted to tricks, putting on the lower surface of the wings and the fuselage of the Ar-196 insignia of the British Air Force (for example, aircraft from the battleship Admiral Earl Spee).

On a relatively large scale, the Arado was first used in the spring of the 1940 of the year during a landing in Norway. "One hundred and ninety-six" conducted reconnaissance and performed anti-submarine patrols. On the eve of Operation Vezeryubung, 8 on April 1940, one of the Ar-196s became a Norwegian trophy - a seaplane from the heavy cruiser Hipper after the exhaustion of the supply of fuel had to splash down at Kristiansund. 12 April this car was overtaken in Andalsnes, where they put the Norwegian identification marks, and then included in the composition of the Air Group of the Romsolal fjord. A week later, the Norwegian Ar-196A flew to the UK. Subsequently, he was included in the 240 squadron of the Royal Air Force, where it was used for testing purposes.

During the landing in Norway, shipboard Ar-196А from German cruisers were actively working. In particular, the hydroplane from the light cruiser Karlsruhe bombed the port facilities in Kristiansund. On the way back to Germany, this car went to the bottom with its cruiser, the victim of the British submarine. Three more Ar-196s sank aboard the heavy cruiser “Blucher” sunk from Oslo, and one aboard the cruiser “Konigsberg” sunk by British dive bombers from Bergen.

One of the most striking operations involving the "one hundred and ninety-six" was the seizure of the British submarine Sil. 5 May 1940 of the year during the patrol flight over the waters of the Kattegat strait Ar-196А discovered this boat, which was in a surface position. The submarine could not escape to the depth due to the damage received from the detonation of its own mine. German pilots fired at the “Forces” from onboard cannons and dropped bombs, forcing the British to stall the course. The commander of the submarine, after weighing the chances of leaving the gulf after detection, decided to surrender. On the submarine raised the corresponding signal. One of the Ar-196A splashed down and took the English captain aboard. After some time, the German ship approached, taking the submarine in tow and delivering it to the occupied Danish Frederikshavn.

In September 1940, the squadron 5./Bfl.St.196 was transferred to French Brest. Based here, the “one hundred and ninety-sixths” provided for the actions of the German submarines. Well-armed, maneuverable and relatively high-speed Ar-196А could effectively resist the British Whitley and Wellington patrol aircraft. As of 1 March 1941, the 5./Bfl.St.196 squad had 20 Аr-196А. At about this level, its number was maintained in the next two years. However, the appearance of British twin-engine fighters Bofaiter and Moskito over the Bay of Biscay forced the transfer of the Arado hydroplanes to reconnaissance tasks, setting off FW-190 aircraft to cover them.



Another region where the Arado was based was Scandinavia. In particular, 25 on August 1940 of the year 1./Bfl.St.196 arrived in Stavanger (Norway), had 15 АR-196А, and on September 15 in Stavanger - 1./Ku.Fl.Gr. 706 with a mixed mix of Ar-196A and Non-115. In October, 1940, in Danish Aalborg, formed a squad of 2./Ku.Fl.Gr. 906, equipped with machines Ar-196A-4 with increased flight range.

The overall losses of the Luftwaffe (combat and non-combat) for the period from September 1 1939 to December 31 1940 amounted to 32 АR-196А.

In April 1941, in preparation for Operation Barbarossa, two new seaplane groups were formed on the Baltic Sea - SAGr. 125 and SAGr. 126, partially armed Ar-196A. Sagr. 126 began fighting in May, operating over the waters of the Mediterranean Sea and based in Greece. As part of this group, the Ar-196A was partially in service with the 2nd detachment, and by the spring of 1942 the 4th detachment equipped with “one hundred and ninety-sixths” arrived in the Mediterranean. It is located on about. Crete. The seaplanes operating over the Aegean Sea were engaged, in particular, in ensuring the passage of oil tankers along the route Bosphorus-Thessaloniki-Athens. Also on the Adriatic was armed Ar-196A detachment 2./Bfl.St.196, whose main task was to fight against the Yugoslav partisan fleet. He dealt with these tasks until the end of May 1944, when the 5 Arado remaining in his team were brought to Denmark.

Group SAGr. 125, armed with Ar-196A during the initial period of the Patriotic War, operated in the Baltic, in the area of ​​the Gulf of Riga. By November 1941, a part of the group was relocated to the Black Sea, and by the spring 1942 of the year - to Greece. After these redeployments in the Baltic and the Black Sea, detached units of 1./Bfl.St.196 and 5./Bfl.St.196 operated, providing cover for convoys and search for submarines. In the second half of 1943, a squadron of 2./SAGr appears in Sevastopol. 125, armed with WU 138 and Ar-196A. Then, right up to the abandonment of the Crimea, there was a detachment of 4./ SAGr. 125. Its main part was brought to Germany, but two or three Ar-196s were left in Romania, hoping to use them to adjust the fire of coastal batteries.



In France, the SAGr group operated in 1943-1944. 128, providing the actions of the German submarines. In August, 1944 was evacuated to Germany and then disbanded. By the autumn of 1944, most of the Ar-196As were concentrated in the Baltic, where they were engaged in supporting the fascist troops trying to gain a foothold in the Baltic States. Along with the aircraft group SAGr. 126, stationed in Pillau (2-th squad) and on about. Rugen (1 units and 3 units), here appear ship vehicles from heavy ships, aimed to support the coastal flank of the Wehrmacht. In particular, the Ar-196А-4 aircraft from the “Lutz” pocket battleship corrected the fire of the ship's artillery that shelled the Soviet positions on the coast of the Gulf of Riga. Three Ar-196A-4s from the heavy Prince Eugen cruiser also performed similar tasks. In addition, the Prince Eugen planes even tried to use as night fighters - to intercept Soviet Y-2.

In 1944, the so-called East Asian Link was based in Penang. It had two Ar-XNUMHA, originally intended for auxiliary cruisers. The main task of this unit was to provide the base of the German submarines in Penang.

A separate chapter in the history of the combat use of the Ar-196 is their service on the raiders. In particular, they took part in the ocean campaigns of the “pocket battleships” “Admiral Graf Spee” (which ended with flooding near La Plata) and “Admiral Scheer”. Ar-196A also participated in the raids of the auxiliary cruisers Orion, Komet, Atlan-tis, Thor, and Michael.



In addition to the German Navy, the Agayo-196 aircraft were in service with two Romanian squadrons on the Black Sea and one squadron of the Bulgarian Coast Guard. The Bulgarian "Arado" patrolled the Black Sea, and were in operation until the early fifties. A couple of interned Ar-196A-3 was used by the Swedes in the F2 flotilla for some time. The Finnish Air Force from the middle of the 1943 of the year to the beginning of the 1944, operated the Ar-196A-2, borrowed from the Germans, to supply its reconnaissance groups operating behind the front line.

Trophy "Arado" were tested in England, and the Soviet Union for quite a long time used several such machines as part of naval aviation and border troops. In 1951, in our country, a modernized version of the Arado, equipped with the ASh-62IR engine, was even tested. Two captured Ar-196А, along with the heavy cruiser Prince Eugen, which came out of the Kriegsmarine section, were delivered to the USA, where they underwent a short test cycle.

Ar-196А was quite a good float plane, which showed itself well as a ship reconnaissance aircraft and coast-based seaplane patrol aircraft. Sufficiently powerful cannon armament gave him the ability to effectively hit small craft, and good flight and maneuverability characteristics - even attack enemy low-speed aircraft.





Sources:
Firsov A. Arado Ar.196 // Wings of the Luftwaffe. M.: ONTTI TsAGI, 1994. C. 9-14.
Kolov S. Ship Scout Ar-196. // Wings of the Motherland. 1996. No.2. C. 20-24.
Soyko N. The Soviet version of Ar.196 // Wings of the Motherland. 1996. No.2. C. 24-25.
Chechin A. Shipboard intelligence officer Ar-196. // Model builder. 1998. No.9. C.33-34
Haruk A. All seaplanes of World War II. M.: Yauza. 2014, C.52-56.
Author:
27 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. qwert
    qwert 18 May 2016 07: 06
    +2
    Like it or not, the Germans knew how to fight. Even on similar machines. You can’t refuse it. And yet we won out. I do not think that Germany or the United States could deal with Germany in such conditions.
    1. Dangerous
      Dangerous 18 May 2016 07: 41
      +1
      The attempt on Hitler had to be committed before the attack on the USSR. Then the Germans, with their power, would conquer all of Europe, including England and the north of Africa. Without Hitler’s cruelty, they could have had a completely loyal attitude on the part of the conquered. But history does not tolerate subjunctive moods. Now these warriors caved in under the USA. However, like our political elite
      1. rubin6286
        rubin6286 18 May 2016 10: 48
        +6
        You probably had bad teachers at the history school, but you yourself. You are not very curious ... The revival of the combat effectiveness of the German army, the growth of the industrial and military potential of the country became possible only with the advent of Hitler to power. There was no question of any physical elimination of the Fuhrer. The reactionary circles of the West and the USA needed it exclusively for the "campaign to the East" and for this received financial and political guarantees. However, this was not enough. The struggle against communism required the unification of all of Europe under the auspices of Germany, with which France and England disagreed, one way or another losing the status of great powers and their sovereignty. There is an opinion that in this sense, the figure of Hitler, unable to head a united anti-Soviet front, suited Stalin. It is better to fight with one than with everyone, and there was another question on the agenda - when and what should be done before the start of this war.
      2. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 18 May 2016 10: 56
        +4
        Quote: Dangerous
        Without Hitler’s cruelty, they could have had a completely loyal attitude on the part of the conquered.

        Pfff ... you should not blame everything on Hitler alone. In the Reich, everyone was good. It was after a lost war that everyone began to blame the dead man, but for now everything was fine - even economists made such plans that the hair stood on end.
        "Green Folder" - Herr Thomas, who is a "military economist", compiled it. Available in the original in the Bundesarchive / Militararchive. "Economic" measures in the occupied territory are undersigned. In particular, from the USSR, in any scenario and any mood of the local population, it is expected to receive 2.5 million tons of grain, which the USSR promised Germany from the 1941 harvest and which are already included in the food balance of the Reich (there is nothing without them), 3 million tons of grain for food for the army (if you drag it out of the Reich, the capacity of the railways will not be enough) and about 2 million more tons for the obligations undertaken by Germany to Romania, Hungary and others. In total, about 8 million tons of grain. Herr Thomas did not build rainbow illusions and clearly stated that to realize this plan is possible only if the existing agricultural system is preserved, including mainly in the form of collective farms (if you start extensive experimentation with forms of ownership, you can drive past the 1941 harvest with songs) and tough non-economic coercion regarding the seizure of grain. It also says that when implementing this plan, millions of indigenous people are expected to starve to death, but the Reich should not bother, since the occupied territories are required as a source of raw materials, not a highly developed industrial area, and the peak of mortality will be in industrial areas that already do not provide themselves with agricultural products able.
        (c) Drag retech LitlBro AKA D. Shein
    2. DanSabaka
      DanSabaka 18 May 2016 08: 34
      +2
      Of course, Germany has always been famous for its warriors and its technology .... But ...
      And I would like to know what kind of aircraft the Soviet battleships and cruisers were equipped with, and how they were used during the fighting ....
      1. qwert
        qwert 18 May 2016 09: 56
        +3
        Quote: DanSabaka
        And I would like to know what kind of aircraft the Soviet battleships and cruisers were equipped with, and how they were used during the fighting ....

        Cor-1, Cor-2 and Heinkel. Moreover, if my memory serves me right, the first Soviet ships equipped with a catapult were battleships and ... destroyer leaders.
        1. WUA 518
          WUA 518 18 May 2016 10: 04
          +3
          Quote: qwert
          And I would like to know what kind of aircraft the Soviet battleships and cruisers were equipped with, and how they were used during the fighting ....
          http://coollib.com/b/229867/read
        2. Alf
          Alf 18 May 2016 20: 58
          0
          Quote: qwert
          destroyer leaders.

          As far as I remember, not a single Soviet leader had airplanes. On the cruisers were.
      2. rubin6286
        rubin6286 18 May 2016 09: 57
        +2
        In the USSR, in the mid-30s, attempts were made to equip a number of warships with float seaplanes. The most suitable for this was the Be-2 reconnaissance aircraft (KOR-4). The aircraft could be lowered into the water using the battleship's ship crane or launched using the catapult of Molotov-class cruisers. The system proved its viability, but later it was abandoned in favor of installing additional anti-aircraft artillery on ships. All Be-2s were transferred for use on the land front.
    3. rubin6286
      rubin6286 18 May 2016 10: 17
      0
      Your comment is not clear. It's about a specific car. Is it a good plane or a bad one? We must at least compare with foreign or domestic counterparts. Not us, but our grandfathers and fathers defeated fascism, drowning it in their own blood. I recently read on the Internet that in the USSR during the past war 15 million people were reported missing (you just think about it!), And how many were killed is still not known exactly.
  2. dmitrii.safonov.dm
    dmitrii.safonov.dm 18 May 2016 07: 45
    0
    There is nothing to think about! No wonder Bismarck said that Germany should be friends with Russia !!! But while the Germans go on the occasion with the amers!
  3. rubin6286
    rubin6286 18 May 2016 07: 54
    +5
    The article is interesting and quite detailed. For its time, "Arado" -196 was a constructively successful aircraft. The compact low-wing aircraft, capable of operating from ships and coastal bases, was one of the first single-engine, float-type, all-metal construction machines.
    During my service in the Far East, I had to meet with veteran pilots who were piloting this plane. According to their stories, the car was simple in design and in piloting. According to the pilots who compared the "German" with our wooden MBR-2, which quickly deteriorated under the influence of salt and water, the trophy Arado-196, which entered the unit in 1948, were much more perfect and served until 1956. A successful car for ice reconnaissance and searching for schools of fish. They even wanted to mass-produce them.
  4. BISMARCK94
    BISMARCK94 18 May 2016 09: 27
    +2
    Thank you for the article!
    There are cases when scouts from the Bismarck battleship, using their powerful integrated weapons, acted as fighters, attacking single enemy bombers on the high seas.

    It seems that I know the story of Bismarck quite well, but this is the first time I've heard about it. Can you specify in which source it is? I will be grateful.
    1. Alf
      Alf 18 May 2016 21: 06
      +1
      Quote: BISMARCK94
      It seems that I know the story of Bismarck quite well, but this is the first time I've heard about it. Can you specify in which source it is? I will be grateful.

      I wonder what POWERFUL built-in armament in question is, if all Arado's armaments were ONE machine gun 7,92 in front and one on the rear turret?
      Well-armed, maneuverable, and relatively fast, the Ar-196A could quite effectively counter the Wheatley and Wellington British patrol aircraft

      To dump Whitley or Wellington with one rifle caliber machine gun? Something is hard to believe.
      Wheatley-370 speed, Arado-330 speed. How could a German catch up with a Briton? Also about Wellington-380 vs 330.
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. qwert
    qwert 18 May 2016 10: 20
    +5
    Quote: Dangerous
    The attempt on Hitler had to be committed before the attack on the USSR. Then the Germans, with their power, would conquer all of Europe, including England and the north of Africa. Without Hitler’s cruelty, they could have had a completely loyal attitude on the part of the conquered.

    From one of the stories about the "priest" where a pensioner from our time suddenly moved to the teldo of the 1940 pioneer:
    “I see you are a good boy, Vitya.” Probably the builder was wonderful.
    Vitya embarrassedly lowered his eyes.
    “Do you think you're the only one?” - unexpectedly asked Stalin. - Unique? From the future to the past?
    Vitya was wary. But Stalin was clearly waiting for an answer.
    Victor thought a little and said:
    - No, comrade Stalin. This I can not say. Since this happened to me, it means to others ... Comrade Stalin!
    From excitement, he even jumped up, grabbed the table. He looked into the stern and beloved face of the leader.
    - I'm not the first?
    - No, Vitya. Not first. Not even in the top ten ... Yes, you take sweets, do not be shy! "Bear in the North", a novelty of the Krupskaya factory. I myself can’t sweet, my health is not right, but I want to ...
    Vitya sat down, mechanically picked up the candy. I asked:
    “But if you already know everything, so ... so why?” Hit Hitler with a preemptive strike!
    “Won't Hitler die in a car accident in November?” Asked Stalin, frowning. “Will Himler not take his place?”
    - No!
    - And two people claim that Himler started the war. Another is that it was Goebbels. As for the preemptive strike ... - Stalin left the table and began pacing around the office. Vitya crawled in his chair, watching the leader. - Four people are begging in no case to deliver the first strike, because after the successes of the Soviet troops the US-UK-Germany coalition will be created, which will start the war with the USSR. Are you talking about Kurchatov ... the atomic bomb?
    - Yes!
    - And Vilen Prokhorov, a soldier of the Soviet Union of Communist Republics from the two thousand and fourth year, begs not to be distracted by "nuclear toys" and to develop the "Tesla-Lipkin Plasmoids", the guarantee of peace and security of the USSR! Here is just one trouble - we never found the young talented scientist Ivan Lipkin, who is actually Isaiah Libkind! There is no such thing in the USSR! Apparently, he perished in childhood, in a civilian ... was a homeless child, like your dad Volkonsky.
    Victor flinched and Stalin noticed this. Muttered:
    - Yes, we won’t touch your dad ... You wrote about Kalashnikov to me, right? Machine? And every third orders Shpagin to support me in everything. Since the “Epee” has served from the forty-first year to the ninety-fourth without the slightest change, it is the most famous machine gun in the world and it is depicted on the arms of seven states! Koshkin, you say? Have you heard about the designer Ignatov? About his tank "IG-4"?
    Victor shook his head.
    “Everyone comes with a mountain of pieces of paper,” Stalin said, pacing around the office. - Everyone says - reward this, shoot this. All bloodthirsty, Beria refuses to work with me, can you imagine? However, you can understand him, they also require him to be shot. And reward. Half of these people - not at all! Well, military expert Arkady Shtutsky does not serve in the Red Army! We do not have General Fomenchenko! And the scout, codenamed Achtung, who will shoot Hitler, Goebbels and Feuchtwanger at the cinema, is not there either! And in general Feuchtwanger is a writer and a Jew. But not the third person of the Third Reich!
    - I got in the wrong place? Asked Vitya. - In some other past?
    Stalin sighed.
    - In his. In what is needed. Only each of you, falling into the past, changes the world. Time is uncertain, my young friend. One guest, he compared time with a tree that has many branches ... So the trouble is not that the branches! The trouble is that the tree itself is also living. The trunk grows, twists, dries out ...
  8. alatanas
    alatanas 18 May 2016 11: 55
    +4
    Arado-196, at the Aviation Museum near Plovdiv (Bulgaria)
  9. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 18 May 2016 14: 07
    +1
    The pocket battleship "Admiral Scheer" was actively used by the scout Arado during raiding in the Atlantic.
    In the memoirs there is evidence that if the aircraft was damaged, it was restored from improvised materials (wood, fabric, varnish).
    1. svp67
      svp67 18 May 2016 20: 47
      0
      Quote: DimerVladimer
      The pocket battleship "Admiral Scheer" was actively used by the scout Arado during raiding in the Atlantic.

      Of course this is how much the range of vision increased.
  10. Taoist
    Taoist 18 May 2016 14: 13
    +1
    That's what is interesting with these carrier-based aircraft ... none were eventually used for their intended purpose ... to adjust the fire of the main caliber. ;-) But after all, the hope was originally for this - a sort of flying KDP, and as a result, in a real battle, no one had time to use them ...
    1. Mooh
      Mooh 18 May 2016 19: 00
      +2
      Are you sure that the aircraft can, in principle, be used to adjust firing at a moving target? It always seemed to me that the decks were more likely scouts, and the spotters should be when the GC was working along the coast.
    2. Warrior2015
      Warrior2015 24 May 2016 16: 26
      0
      Quote: Taoist
      not one was eventually used for its intended purpose ... to adjust the fire of the main caliber.

      Hmm, as I did not think about it - I really do not remember a single case. What, really, was never used by all parties for the entire Second World War as an air spotter during an artduel but only as a scout?
  11. Bayonet
    Bayonet 18 May 2016 16: 42
    +1
    Trophy Arado Ar.196
  12. Alf
    Alf 18 May 2016 21: 12
    0
    Arado-196.
  13. Verdun
    Verdun 20 May 2016 17: 27
    0
    As a ship reconnaissance and spotter Ar-196A certainly looked no worse than Supermarine Valrus. True, the bomb load on the German aircraft was smaller, but the speed and rate of climb was significantly higher. But, unfortunately, there is little information available on the specific surveillance and reconnaissance equipment installed on such vehicles. And for comparative assessments of scouts and spotters, this is very important.
  14. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 24 May 2016 16: 23
    0
    The case of the capture of an English submarine by a float plane is really unique for the Luftwaffe - and perhaps for the air forces of other countries too. By the way, in the Mediterranean Sea and partly in the North Sea in general, these aircraft tried not to shoot down English pilots - because they were often engaged in search and rescue missions, with equal frequency reaching both German and Anglo-Saxon pilots.
  15. pytar
    pytar 8 November 2016 17: 27
    +2
    The only surviving copy of Ar-196A is in Bulgaria, in the Museum of Aviation - Krumovo, Plovdiv.