Military Review

Russian schoolchildren offered a pucheglaz sniper simulator

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The Russian schoolchildren presented a simulator for the pucheglaz snipers and an unmanned snowmobile to the international competition “School Patent - a Step to the Future!”, The press service of the Russian Defense Ministry reported to journalists. In addition, the attention of the Russian military was attracted by the automatic control of the braking rate of the car and other developments of young talents. In 2016, this competition was held in our country for the 6 time already.


The international children's competition “School patent is a step into the future!” Has been held since 2010. The main objective of this competition is to increase the interest of Russian schoolchildren in intellectual activities and the processes of creating products of intellectual property. In addition, the competition contributes to the expansion of cooperation and communication of schoolchildren, teachers and all interested persons with experts in the field of intellectual property, as well as familiarizing the general public with the scientific and creative achievements of schoolchildren, teachers and schools in Russia. The competition allows students from 1 to 11 class to participate in it, depending on a particular nomination. Representatives of the Russian Defense Ministry at the competition were most interested in the nomination “Invention” and its directions: “important for the defense of the country” and “robotics for all”.

Awarding the winners of the competition “School patent - a step into the future!” 26 passed April 2016 of the year in St. Petersburg in the auditorium of the National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics. The award ceremony was held in the framework of the "Days of Intellectual Property". Currently, St. Petersburg is the only city not only in Russia, but also in the world, in which the International Day of Intellectual Property (April 26) celebrates a week of city events. For the first time, this project was carried out in the northern capital of Russia in 2009. The authors of the concept were ITMO University (St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics) and members of the Council for Intellectual Property of the North-West Federal District (NWFD).



This project attracted great attention and was supported not only by the government and the professional community of St. Petersburg, but also by Rospatent, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and the World Intellectual Property Organization. Quickly enough, the project found support in the Russian regions, the number of which in some years approached 40.

This year, students of not only Russian schools and gymnasiums, but also a graduate of the Nakhimov Naval School, became the winners of the “School Patent - Step into the Future!” Competition. The winners were congratulated by Colonel Oleg Vorobev, the acting director of the department of intellectual property, military-technical cooperation and expertise in the supply of weapons and military equipment of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. According to Vorobiev, such events demonstrate a growing interest in scientific and technological activities and should further contribute to the advancement of Russian scientific achievements in the international market. Schoolchildren winners of this competition receive certificates from the founder of ITMO University, entitling them to take into account individual achievements when applying for study at Russian universities (ITMO University - 10 points).

One of the winners of the 2016 competition of the year was Semyon Kurochkin, the 9 “D” cadet of the class of the Tyumen Presidential Cadet School (scientific leaders Ageev Anatoly Alekseevich and Kuznetsov Dmitry Valeryevich). The ninth-grader presented a simulator for training snipers under the sonorous name "Pucheglaz". This robotic complex can also be used as a simulator for training and vision correction exercises according to the method of Jonathan Barnes. When you turn on the device appears a laser point for which you want to follow. The electronic pointer is programmed in such a way that the muscles of the eyes do not strain and relax in a certain sequence. At the same time, it is impossible to overstrain from these exercises - every 15 minutes a signal is triggered, which says that you need to take a break from training.



Large-caliber sniper rifles, which include the Russian AOFV and the American Barret M82, allow the shooter to effectively hit targets at a distance of up to two kilometers. In such conditions it is simply impossible to do without technical innovations, it is very difficult to make calculations for a shot at such a distance. When firing at such a range, even small gusts of wind are able to cause a bullet deviation of several meters from the target. Therefore, an additional body kit on the rifle and equipment are simply necessary for the sniper, allowing him to choose the right place and the most suitable moment for the shot. In the 1990s, due to well-known economic problems, the equipment of Russian snipers was inferior to their Western counterparts, but gradually the situation improved. Today, snipers around the world use similar ballistic solvers, optical instruments and wind sensors.

In modern realities snipers do not lose their importance in the army, police and anti-terrorist units. It would seem that the development of modern technologies, scientific achievements can allow anyone to take a rifle in their hands and learn how to accurately shoot at long distances, as more and more advanced aiming complexes, simulators and ballistic calculators come to the aid of our eyes. But the matter is far from being only in technology, although it certainly interests the military of all countries of the world.

Snipers today are selected, as before, according to the results of practical shooting. If a candidate shoots enough aptly, then he has a chance to be in an elite unit. But not every apt shooter will have a real sniper. In the group of training snipers, FSB assigns only three months to the study of human anatomy, another three months the future elite shooters are trained to determine the speed and direction of the wind. Another month is familiarity with the basics of ballistics. At least one week is required in order to teach a sniper to shoot against the sun and cook weapon to such a shooting. In the group “Alpha” snipers are trained for three years, and in the FSO - two years.



According to information from open sources, in the USA there are schools for the training of sniper-intelligence officers in each division. For the year, a similar school with a preparation period of 11 weeks, holds 4 release snipers for 40 people. In addition to practical shooting during training, cadets work out tactics of actions in a pair, as well as in the reconnaissance group, the rules for using regular radio stations and the radio system, they do not forget about disguise on the ground and the practice of covert movement. In order to pass the masking test, cadets during 4 hours several times imperceptibly for instructors must cross an open area of ​​800 meters, and also build several different types of shelters and make a single shot from a distance of no more than 200 meters, while remaining an undetected observer.

At the same time, the growth of the terrorist threat shows that well-aimed arrows, who are able in practice to realize the “one shot - one goal” principle, are necessary not only in the army and military special forces, but also in police units. At the same time, there is a tangible difference between an army sniper and a police sniper; it is often impossible to solve the problem by simply transferring an army shooter to a police unit.

Police snipers very often have to act even in more complex and specific conditions, mostly they work in an urban environment. Short distances, and most importantly - very limited opportunities for masking on the ground, force police snipers to act with all possible accuracy. Such a sniper often does not have the ability to aim, in order to make the best corrections for air temperature, wind and other factors that may affect the accuracy of the shot. As a rule, police shooters have only one opportunity to make a shot, and this shot must necessarily hit the target. Another difficulty with the work of police snipers is the need to shoot through window glass, and in modern conditions, and multi-chamber windows. Despite the seeming fragility of such an obstacle, it can still cause a bullet’s flight trajectory to deviate. And in those conditions in which police snipers are forced to act, even a few millimeters of deflection can cost a life as a hostage. In addition, the glass fragments themselves become an additional damaging factor, which is also taken into account. If there is no danger to witnesses or hostages, two snipers can shoot at the target at the same time: the glass itself is destroyed by the first of the shots, the target must be defeated by the second.



In such a delicate and filigree work, which snipers are engaged in, nothing so far can replace a person, which makes apt shooters so popular. Moreover, as many experts note, the main weapon of a sniper is not a rifle or special equipment, but his own head.

Information sources:
http://www.utro.ru/articles/2016/04/28/1280263.shtml
http://rg.ru/2016/04/27/reg-urfo/tiumenskij-kadet-sozdal-trenazher-dlia-snajperov-pucheglaz.html
http://tass.ru/armiya-i-opk/3238701
https://spb-int.ru/ru/page/30/o_proekte.htm
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29 comments
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  1. Ortrega
    Ortrega April 29 2016 06: 00
    +7
    So you need to act, pay more attention to our students. They can invent a lot of things, the young brain thinks better, since it is not cluttered with various restrictions. But different corporations of sores and Rochilds, with their grants, drive a filthy broom from our youth.
    1. GSH-18
      GSH-18 April 29 2016 09: 17
      +16
      Russian schoolchildren offered a simulator for snipers "Eyeball"

      Credit title lol
      1. Ortrega
        Ortrega April 29 2016 09: 35
        +7
        Our weapons have all the cool names good
    2. bravo-fab
      bravo-fab 4 May 2016 09: 57
      +1
      I’d like to do 14-19 years old, but nobody needs your developments, innovations, there is no talent identification mechanism in the Russian Federation, only if you have a teacher who was in the ass, then he will push you into the light, or already at the bachelor's degree and after participate put forward projects after receiving patanine scholarships.
      and no one needs young kulibins
    3. CHILD
      CHILD 26 May 2016 01: 31
      0
      The author .... started for one thing, but ended up with what? .... graphomaniac)))
  2. Wolka
    Wolka April 29 2016 06: 56
    0
    oh, and the service however ...
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 April 29 2016 07: 12
    +3
    That’s why a highly skilled sniper specialist is appreciated. Blood and sweat make skills. And the key to a successful operation, the life of a sniper and his comrades, also depends on the preparation of the specialist.
  4. nazar_0753
    nazar_0753 April 29 2016 09: 58
    +12
    Of course, I apologize, but the title of the article talks about the invention of the “Eyeball”, and the specifics of sniper training are examined in detail in the text, and the “Eyeball” itself is allotted only one paragraph. Mess with hi
    1. Red_Hamer
      Red_Hamer April 29 2016 13: 26
      +4
      "When creating a map of America because of absent-mindedness, I included Japan too." smile Sometimes, forgive the author, the article is still interesting.
  5. 31rus2
    31rus2 April 29 2016 10: 06
    +3
    Dear, not to lose your talents, to give the opportunity to create and develop at home in Russia, it may make sense to create special schools for the right profile, the type of sports, good luck to you boys and girls!
  6. iouris
    iouris April 29 2016 10: 30
    +3
    I suspect that not everyone can become a sniper. The costs are high, but you cannot learn an incapable person to be a sniper. The most serious problem is professional and psycho selection. For this we need a shooting culture and wide organization. Here the pope general will not help.
    Discussion of private issues and the details of training snipers in the press is hardly advisable. The sniper community is very limited in number. It is understandable: the work is very delicate.
    1. Lt. Air Force stock
      Lt. Air Force stock April 29 2016 11: 23
      +2
      Quote: iouris
      Here the pope general will not help.

      A dad hunter will help with a saiga equipped with an optical sight.
    2. Lt. Air Force stock
      Lt. Air Force stock April 29 2016 11: 30
      0
      Quote: iouris
      The sniper community is very limited in number. It is understandable: the work is very delicate.

      So it seems that in each motorized rifle platoon there should be a 1-in sniper with SVD?
      1. iouris
        iouris April 29 2016 19: 02
        0
        Here we are talking about other snipers.
    3. gladcu2
      gladcu2 April 29 2016 15: 34
      +4
      iuoris

      Recently, there was a video from D. Puchkov from a specialist in brain research.

      He emphasized unequivocally the conclusion.

      People are not born with signs of brain heredity. Each person has his own characteristics with his own specific skills. A lot of talented people do not find their application due to the circumstances.

      Officially, there is no program for the proper selection of specialists according to their natural capabilities. Presumably for the reason that not every person will be pleased to know about his professional or status unsuitability.

      So, geniuses can collect bottles from trash cans, and stupid people, by virtue of their heritage, can turn billions and rule countries.

      And this once again explains why I.V. Stalin suggested shortening the working day and giving everyone the opportunity to study, regardless of their material capabilities. It was a mechanism for selecting the right people.

      Under capitalism, such a mechanism practically does not work due to the concealment of many destructive regressive factors of the system.
      1. iouris
        iouris April 29 2016 19: 13
        0
        You very freely interpret the well-known problems of heredity, professional and psychological selection, mixing these technical issues of scientific management with the consequences of social-class stratification of human society.
        It is dangerous to touch on the question of geniuses because "the extremes converge."
        Billions are owned by those who, by chance, were lucky 300 years ago.
        Entrepreneurs are risky people who are lucky recently. Among them, quite a few are crazy (there is research).
        But 95% of people are ordinary people who need to be adapted to work.
        Professional selection - introduced by Taylor (see Taylor system) at the end of the XNUMXth century in the USA. That is why the United States has become an advanced country in the development of production technologies.
        The US Army used professional selection in World War I.
        This is what you need to think about. But there is no professional selection for billionaires and presidents.
        1. gladcu2
          gladcu2 April 29 2016 20: 01
          +3
          iorius

          What professional selection can we talk about in the US Army of the first world standard?

          Did they have an education system that would give a resource to show everyone their abilities?

          The US Army, even at the time of the Second World War, according to the statements of the military, represented a "mixture of cowboys" and caused ridicule.

          US success is not related to the selectivity of professionals. It is explained by the natural absence of enemies. Good climatic zone of agriculture. And the further development of capitalism in the form of a robbery of all who can be obtained outside the defense of a strong state.

          You will not mind that war is not a form of competition for resources, but also a type of commercial project.

          Capitalism goes into a regressive form when it does not find further use of the capital received. And this is precisely connected with the education system and the development of fundamental science.

          What the capitalists have in no way.
  7. Verdun
    Verdun April 29 2016 10: 52
    0
    The ninth-grader presented a simulator for training snipers under the sonorous name "Bugle-eyed" at the competition.
    On the one hand, this is practically all that the author talks about the device announced in the title of the article. What follows is only general information that does not carry any specifics. On the other hand, a laser beam simulator for training a sniper is clearly not enough. An accurate shot is the recoil force, and the roar of the shot itself, and amendments to the type of ammunition and weather conditions. To all this, the sniper must respond accordingly. How this is implemented in the simulator is not clear from the article. I recall that in the Russian Imperial Navy there was a practice of using training gun trunks. Saving the resource of the guns, they were inserted into the barrel for firing small-caliber shells. As a result, the level of preparation of the commentators was very low.
    1. gladcu2
      gladcu2 April 29 2016 16: 48
      +2
      Verdun

      You're right. The author has not finalized.

      But the following strained the article a bit.

      This is a reference to intellectual property.

      A question of this kind. What is intellectual property? Is intellectual property a tangible or virtual resource? How to determine the material price of intellectual property. How not to pay for the ambitions of the owner of intellectual property?

      Why should I bash the professor of the Institute "Horns and Hooves", for his ambitions, demand a yacht, a separate island and a change of prostitutes at will? This is a joke about the correct view of things.

      The conclusion is as follows. Capitalism must be evaluated very critically. The ideas that arise there often lead to a breakdown of concepts.

      Under the USSR, intellectual property was valued realistically. And that was it.

      The USSR had an excellent education system. The key word is the system. This system gave a certain selection of talented and not very but not stupid people. The USSR created a material resource and social protection by enabling the realization of progressive ideas. But the entire intellectual product belonged to the state and was kept in well-organized patent offices.

      On the other hand, the scientist had a life-long job, pay, social benefits and a pension.

      The question of a yacht and prostitutes was not an edge.
      1. gladcu2
        gladcu2 April 29 2016 17: 43
        0
        I almost forgot to add.

        The issue of assessing intellectual property is difficult for adults.

        But blowing up the brains of children is a disgusting thing. They still need to understand a lot in life in order to be able to correctly make assessments.
      2. Verdun
        Verdun April 29 2016 18: 10
        +1

        Under the USSR, intellectual property was valued realistically. And that was it.
        Personally, I am in the know. He began working as an engineer during the USSR. In a short time he took part in the development of many projects. Projects, not opportunistic soap bubbles. Many now do not understand this ...
  8. drilled
    drilled April 29 2016 11: 28
    +1
    As I understand it, this simulator is not for shooting, but for training the muscles of the eye. There are many techniques. The simplest one is to sit in front of the window and alternately focus on a speck on the glass, then on a distant object. Everything is aimed at making the eyes less tired with prolonged observation. During training, a person also has a lesser tendency to "target". I think so.
    1. Verdun
      Verdun April 29 2016 11: 57
      0
      I think so.
      Quite possibly. But how to understand this from the article?
  9. Bormanxnumx
    Bormanxnumx April 29 2016 11: 31
    0
    Quote: Verdun
    I recall that in the Russian Imperial Navy there was a practice of using training gun trunks. Saving the resource of the guns, they were inserted into the barrel for firing small-caliber shells. As a result, the level of preparation of the commentators was very low.

    Inserted trunks of small caliber are now used in training calculations of both naval and land artillery. This device has nothing to do with the low level of training of RIF commandants.
    1. Verdun
      Verdun April 29 2016 11: 55
      0
      This device has nothing to do with the low level of training of RIF commandants.
      Do you think that using a caliber barrel, say 57 mm, sending a projectile at a distance of 16 km, you can learn to shoot 203 mm shells at a distance of 25 km?
  10. Slippery
    Slippery April 29 2016 15: 54
    +1
    Quote: Verdun
    Do you think that using a caliber barrel, say 57 mm, sending a projectile at a distance of 16 km, you can learn to shoot 203 mm shells at a distance of 25 km?

    the main thing is that he does not read about slingers ... we will rush with slingshots at the shooting range ...
  11. Castor oil
    Castor oil April 29 2016 22: 02
    0
    An article like "elderberry in the garden, and uncle in Kiev". Apparently the author wanted to tell how useful it is for an observer of a sniper pair to take care of their eyes, give morgalics a rest, and an innovative, non-trivial idea of ​​young innovators-inventors can help them in this, but ... somewhere he lost a link in the logical chain smile But then we'll figure it out what's what? wink
    Article plus, honest attempt. Remark: in fact, it is still somewhat easier for a police sniper (with all due respect) to work in a city than an army one (not to be confused with a motorized rifle unit's SVD operator), and it is strongly said about "sweat and blood" in acquiring skills winked An army specialist "to do the job and dump the whole" from the roof of the shopping center after drinking a thermos of coffee can only dream laughing
    Sincerely.
  12. kirpich
    kirpich April 30 2016 01: 53
    +1
    The good news is that the students are trying, to the best of their ability, to help our army.
    Let it be awkward, but they started to help. Down and Out trouble started.
  13. Old old
    Old old 4 May 2016 00: 14
    0
    In principle, something similar to Amer’s Darpu would not hurt us. The kids can’t give out something very promising and useful, not with a blind eye and mogz.