Military Review

The chief pilot of Aeroflot. Once again about Marshal A. Golovanov

The chief pilot of Aeroflot. Once again about Marshal A. Golovanov

He personally knew I.V. Stalin, moreover, the leader experienced warm fatherly feelings for him and always called him exclusively by name. Stalin's entourage was particularly struck by the fact that when Alexander Evgenievich Golovanov came to him, he personally met him and tried to help undress, while accompanying him, he served his overcoat. Is it possible to imagine Stalin, who helps dress Zhukov or Kuznetsov, Khrushchev or Molotov? Some colleagues and people close to Golovanov claimed that, starting from the thirties, Alexander Evgenievich was in fact a full-grown intelligence officer and personal pilot of the country's leader, his bodyguard, confidant, even a friend. And his main activities were the most responsible and secret assignments - both in the USSR and abroad. But, the truth is, or rumors, is unknown. But even if we take the official biography of Golovanov, then his fate will seem unique to many - there were so many feats, unexpected turns, events, but at the same time, we understand - at that heroic time such people were born ... Much has been written about Golovanov’s military activities, but the civilian period has remained in the shadows. Let's try to eliminate this gap a little.

Little is known about the childhood of the future legendary marshal - it is only known that he studied in the cadet corps and was distinguished by good studies and exemplary behavior. The young man perceives the revolution as a fair act of retaliation to the capitalist exploiters, and to the ideals of it he serves his whole life faithfully and faithfully.

In 15 years Golovanov goes to the front. When the war ended, Golovanov works for the OGPU, and in 21 the year he wore four sleepers on his buttonholes - nowadays these insignia correspond to the rank of colonel.

Only two years after receiving a pilot’s diploma, and so many events! The work of the People's Commissariat of Industry, the command of the flight detachment of heavy aircraft "Aeroflot". And in January 1935, a new appointment - the head of the newly created East Siberian Civil Administration aviation.

The first acquaintance with the farm did not bring joy. The central control airfield in Irkutsk is a poorly equipped airfield and an old wooden house in which all services of the two squadrons are located. All accounts in the bank are closed due to the insolvency of the organization. And as a result - the water supply, electricity, telephones are disconnected. And this is in Irkutsk.

Golovanova's working day began at six in the morning. He checked the training of flight crews and airplanes at the "land" airfield. Then he hurried to the hydroport, the same concerns there. After lunch and until late evening - in the management. Often traveled to the city to solve operational issues in various instances. Economic tasks occupied most of the working time of the head of the department. However, he sought not to lose qualifications, continued to fly.

Being by nature a born pilot, Golovanov highly appreciated the work of the pilots, people who knew him recalled that Alexander Evgenievich was distinguished by a broad mind and a desire to help. He showed concern for aviators, was interested in living conditions, often visited hostels, helped. On his initiative, they created a special information service in the airport's control room, where the pilot's wife could go at any time of the day and find out where her husband was at the route and when his return was expected.

Once one of the pilots "stayed up" on the track due to bad weather. But he had a misfortune at home: his mother was seriously ill. Having learned about this, Golovanov, taking with him the head of the service, went to the apartment and helped to do everything to organize the treatment of the patient. “A distinctive feature of Golovanov’s character was his accessibility for all,” recalled one of his Irkutsk colleagues, Aeroflot veteran I. Dyuburg. He knew how to listen carefully and patiently to everyone, always consulted with subordinates, did not hesitate to learn from them.

He worked in the management of a skillful rationalizer, engineer V. Urdaev. Once he was invited to Golovanov. The engineer was at a loss: “Why did I need the authorities?” It turned out that the commander learned about the poor health of the engineer and got him the right ticket to Kislovodsk.

Golovanov was an active propagandist of aviation. 18 August in honor of the Day of Aviation in Yakutsk planned to conduct an air parade. Three aircraft were already in place. Golovanov decided to fly there and become the fourth participant in the parade. “Imagine,” he told flight engineer Mr. M. Vyshinsky, “the Yakuts, who consider themselves the only transport of deer and dog teams, will see their own future tomorrow with airplanes!” Many people gathered in the central square of the city. To their indescribable joy, the airplanes passed at a low altitude.

At the beginning of autumn 1936, a large group of young pilots arrived in Irkutsk. Golovanov thoroughly met each of them. And then closely followed their growth, helped. Many of the newcomers (G. Filanovsky, A. Denisov, I. Sharov, L. Rusak, N. Kuratnik and others) became masters of their craft, made a significant contribution to the development of aviation communications in Siberia.

In 1937, a wave of repression came to Irkutsk. Several management officers were arrested. Golovanov, as far as he could, tried to protect people from persecution, or at least mitigate the punishments that fell upon them. The former deputy head of the political department of the department V. Biryukov, one of the few who were lucky enough to avoid the consequences of the bloody repression, recalled: “The one whom I called my closest friend decided to err and wrote a false denunciation of me. And the one whom I sharply criticized at party meetings for failures in work — this is Golovanov — showed himself to be an extremely decent person. He filed a petition for my release, wrote an objective description, on the basis of which I was released. ” Should I blame the system for such "friends" who are trying to "insure"?

There were similar "friends" and Golovanov, thanks to which he was under the threat of arrest. It happened in 1938 year. One of the comrades warned Golovanov that a slanderous denunciation had been received, on the basis of which they were going to arrest him at night. The consequences were not difficult to predict: automatic expulsion from the party, court and sentence. Golovanov was well aware of this and did not tempt fate: he quickly got ready, hurried to the railway station and went to Moscow to seek protection.

In Moscow, Golovanov immediately appealed to the Party Central Committee with a statement, which qualified the denunciation as slanderous and asked for thorough investigation. The statement was checked, and the “facts” indicated in it were not confirmed. True, Golovanov was relieved of his duties as head of the department and appointed an ordinary pilot to the Moscow Transport Directorate.

About the aviators with whom he worked in Irkutsk, Alexander Evgenievich retained good memories. And, if it happened, he tried to help when they were in a difficult situation. Already at the high post of commander of long-range aviation in the years of the Great Patriotic War, Golovanov received a greasy triangle — such letters due to the lack of envelopes were frequent in wartime. On the triangle was the address: "To the citizen, the commander of Golovanov." He wrote to A.V. Mansvetov, the former commander of the flight detachment of the East Siberian Administration. Once on Kolyma, he asked for help to restore justice. Golovanov Mansvetova knew well. Excellent pilot, initiative commander. It was impossible to believe in the version of espionage, in which they accused him. Golovanov addressed directly to Stalin with a request to allow him to take Mansvetov to ADD. He offered to write an official letter to the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs, which Golovanov did. A few days later, Mansvetov was released. He fought well, received several combat awards and ended the war with a major.

Golovanov flew confidently, reliably, without comment. Soon he was appointed chief-pilot of a special-purpose squadron. The post provided performance of tasks which often were beyond normal flights. She demanded constant readiness for departure. Even during his stay at home, on vacation could ring. The crew of the chief pilot of Aeroflot A. Golovanov performed dozens of special assignments. He remembered most of all this, which fell on May 1939 of the year.

Central airport of the capital. Three transport aircraft froze on the airfield. The usual pre-flight vanity. Next to the cars are military passengers. All in flight form. Many have golden races of the Hero of the Soviet Union on their chests. Here are Sergei Gritsevets, Nikolai Gerasimov and Boris Smirnov. Fighter pilots fought in the sky of Republican Spain. Lead a leisurely conversation. In another group of pilots, bombers. People who are also famous in aviation are Ivan Dushkin, Viktor Shevchenko ... They are arguing about something, gesticulating. Away two more. All military aviators probably know them: Deputy Chief of the Directorate of the Air Force, Com Corps Officer Yakov Smushkevich and Inspector of the Combat Training Department of the Directorate of the Air Force Ivan Lakeev. Having finished the conversation, J. Smushkevich (he was the senior of the group) looked at his watch and gave the command: “By planes!”.

This flight was preceded by events unfolding near the Khalkhin-Gol river. In the first days of the fighting, events did not develop in our favor. Japanese aircraft, which had good planes and manned pilots with combat experience, seized air supremacy. Stalin, dissatisfied with the development of events, demanded that the People's Commissar of Defense K. Voroshilov take emergency measures. To remedy the situation and gain air superiority, it was decided to form a group of pilots who had experience of air battles in Spain and China. Generate - formed, but how to deliver it faster?

This can only be done on airplanes. But it turned out to be difficult. The route, on which it was necessary to fly, was not prepared for operation, is not equipped with elementary radio facilities. To fly without them means to fly blindly. And the meteorological conditions for the passage through Siberia are extremely difficult. The experience of long-distance flights from the military is almost none. The People's Commissariat of Defense appealed to the leadership of the Civil Air Fleet with a request to select commanders of ships with experience of such flights. The choice fell on A. Golovanov and the then famous N. Novikov pilot. The crews manned pilots of a special squadron of the Air Force, but the commanders of civilian aircraft were allowed to take "their" flight mechanics. Golovanov was named after K. Thomplon. Major V. Grachev (in the future, a famous pilot) was appointed the second pilot to Golovanov. He made a good impression: he was confidently in flight and owned the technique of piloting the aircraft immaculately.

In the plane, which led the crew of A. Golovanov, flew a group of senior commanders headed by J. Smushkevich. The long way, had to do landing at intermediate airports for refueling. After departure from Novosibirsk, the pilots encountered bad weather conditions in the Krasnoyarsk region, and then flew blindly to Irkutsk, taking all communications and navigation on themselves. As a result, everything ended successfully, moreover, having flown last, the crew of Golovanov landed first.

Over the years of work in Eastern Siberia, he has studied the area well. Accumulated, albeit small, experience of blind flights. Now there was a convenient opportunity to check both their training and the crew for action in extreme conditions. To consolidate the skills that (he was deeply sure of this) will be needed in the near future. Long blind flight even caused excitement among “passengers”, excellent combat pilots. But after fifteen or twenty minutes, everyone believed in the crew and calmed down. From Irkutsk they headed for the trans-border airfield in Transbaikalia, where the pilots were awaited by fighters of the I-16 with improved machine-gun armament. On these fighters they flew to Mongolia.

In the very first air battles, the arrived Soviet pilots inflicted significant losses on Japanese aircraft. Timely transfer of experienced air fighters helped to change the front-line situation in our favor.

The crew of Golovanova continued to fly in Transbaikalia and Mongolia. Sometimes he spent in the air up to eighteen hours a day. For the difference in service during the battles at Khalkhin Gol, A. Golovanov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. Received awards and members of his crew. The flights of A. Golovanov and his comrades to Mongolia occupy a special place in stories aviation. Their great value was that they allowed to gain valuable experience of blind flights of heavy planes over long distances.

In November 1939, the Soviet-Finnish war broke out. A. Golovanov became its participant. The crew of the chief-pilot was attracted to perform particularly important tasks. The weather during the war was almost non-flying: fog, snow, thick clouds. Much of the flight had to be carried out in the clouds or above the clouds. And it is constantly threatened with icing, which brought additional trouble. The emphasis was on devices and professional skills. Radio routes, operating enemy radio stations, and even broadcasting, both in Finnish and neighboring countries, were widely used for laying routes. Therefore, the crew, making a blind flight, usually accurately reached the target and performed the tasks exemplary. The experienced flight team consisted of such masters of their craft as co-pilot Mikhail Vagapov, flight mechanic Konstantin Tomplon, radio engineer Nikolai Baykuzov. After the Finnish campaign, a second award appeared on Golovanov’s chest - the Order of Lenin.

In blind flights, the crew of Golovanova came to the forefront. He was asked to share experiences, give advice and recommendations to pilots on the implementation of such flights. The answer was an article entitled "My Aviation Year", published in the journal "Civil Aviation". Speaking of blind flights, Golovanov noted that they are possible over long distances. The experience he has gained has served to confirm this conclusion. There was no case for the crew to return from the flight before reaching the final destination.

“... we have gained a great experience of flying blindly, off-piste, in difficult meteorological conditions,” Golovanov summed up. - I made sure that if a pilot owns a blind flight, radio navigation, he can perform a flight in any conditions. Even in those cases when using radio navigation is impossible, a competent pilot, using the richest navigation equipment of a modern aircraft, can still fly, and moreover very accurately ... Using the radio signal system, we definitely went to the airfield and landed safely. ”

The excerpts from the article show how far ahead Golovanov looked, enthusiastically promoting blind flights, which are now routine for crews. Then he literally lived on these flights, constantly wondering how to provide them with a wide road.

Once, J. Smushkevich, the then General Inspector of the Air Force, told Golovanov that he should write a letter to Stalin. Golovanov was stunned by such a proposal. But Smushkevich explained that, knowing the flight work of the Air Force, Aleksandr Evgenievich should have understood that military issues are not attached to the issues of blind flights and the use of radionavigation means, and the leaders of this direction are not sufficiently prepared. “Next write that you can take up this matter and put it to the proper height,” Smushkevich finished.

After much deliberation, Golovanov sent such a letter to the leader. On the basis of his experience, he substantiated the need to take urgent measures to train crews of long-range bomber aircraft, fly in the clouds and suggested organizing a special air connection for these purposes. Time passed, and there was no answer. Golovanov had already ceased to wait (do you know how many letters are addressed to Stalin). Then one day, when he flew to Alma-Ata on instructions, a telegram arrived there, offering him an urgent return.

In Moscow, Golovanov was immediately taken from the airfield to the Kremlin, where the meeting was held with Stalin. When he appeared in Golovanov’s office, Stalin turned to his letter. He noted that his suggestions deserve attention. Then he outlined a plan for how to practically implement this proposal: first create a regiment and, for the sake of the cause, subordinate it not to the district, but to the center.

A day later, Golovanov was again summoned to the Kremlin. During the conversation with Stalin, the formation of the 212-th separate bomber air regiment was discussed. His commander was appointed A. Golovanov, summoning 1941 to the Red Army in February. Service in the Air Force and participation in the Great Patriotic War is another glorious page in the biography of A. Golovanov, which deserves a separate article.

He returned to Aeroflot after the war. He was appointed Deputy Head of the State Research Institute of Civil Aviation. At that time, the institute mastered the IL-18 aircraft that entered service, introduced it for flights on Aeroflot routes. Golovanov devoted himself entirely to his beloved work — he was always not indifferent to the new aviation technology and constantly sought to be among the pioneers of its development. A great enthusiast of blind flights, he paid special attention to testing the instrumentation equipment, comprehensively experimented, seeking its greatest efficiency and reliability in operation.

In his advanced years, he worked as tirelessly as in his youth. His entire working day was arranged by the hour (long-standing habit of self-discipline and order). He himself showed an example of discipline in everything and demanded the same from his subordinates. It happened, time was running out. And then he even reduced the time for lunch, but never canceled it.

His dream was to create a modern flight test base and a team that can solve the most difficult tasks of modern aviation technology. Golovanov carefully selected candidates on very strict criteria. And in troubled troubles I did everything possible to create good conditions for the workers and, given their hard work, to provide them with everything they needed in their everyday life. First of all, housing. After all, inviting people, Alexander Evgenievich did not proceed from the presence of a capital registration, but from business qualities. He helped the pilots to purchase cars that were not a luxury, but a necessity, because the airfield was far from the city. And the fact that the test pilots of the Institute, after retiring to a deserved rest, began to receive an increased pension, is also his merit.

Golovanov organized a flight test squad at the institute, and with a time dreamed of turning the entire institute into a flight test. And very eager for this. But another point of view took the upper hand: the research institute was identified as the head of all aviation science.

In the sixties, helicopters became widely used in the national economy. They were indispensable assistants in construction and installation work in the most difficult places and at sites where they successfully performed operations that were beyond the capacity of installation cranes. Golovanov was a lot and persistently introducing the practice of rotary-wing machines into practice, developing techniques for the most complex operations. Trips to field trips helped to successfully solve this problem.

At the Yaroslavl Tire Plant with the help of a helicopter installed vulcanizers, on the third floor of the existing production building, located inside the factory yard. The exact calculation of the unusual operation could provide only science. And the creative team of the institute, headed by A. Golovanov, successfully coped with the task. There were openings in the hull roof, and in them the Mi-6 helicopter safely lowered all the mechanisms.

So the science went along unexplored paths, accumulated and generalized the experience of using helicopters in the national economy, and gave reasonable recommendations. Being engaged in scientific work, Golovanov perfectly understood that the study of foreign experience, in which there was much instructive, is impossible without the knowledge of foreign languages. And at the age of sixty he began English and successfully completed the necessary course of study.

Not far from Sheremetyevo airport, an alley of fame was laid for veterans of the flight test complex of the State Research Institute of Civil Aviation. Birches and maples rustle in the wind. Near each of them there is a sign reminding of who the tree was planted in honor of. Among them there is a maple, planted in honor of the Chief Air Marshal A.Ye. Golovanova, whose contribution to the development of civil aviation in our country is difficult to overestimate.

Reshetnikov V. A. Golovanov. Laurels and thorns. M .: Ceres, 1998. C. 37-40.
Golovanov A.Ye. Long-Range Bomber M .: Tsentropoligraphf, 2007. C. 107-112.
Baulin E. I have not lived a day in full. // Civil Aviation. 1992. No.10. C.14-16.
Trubinovskaya N. Alexander Golovanov - Stalin's favorite // Chronoton. 7 May 2010.
Ekshtut S. Sinusoid Marshal Golovanova // Russian newspaper. 13 May 2015.
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  1. qwert
    qwert 4 May 2016 07: 12
    "Cadres are everything." Stalin's modern "effective managers" would have lasted no more than three months in office.
    1. sevtrash
      sevtrash 4 May 2016 08: 54
      Quote: qwert
      "Cadres are everything." Stalin's modern "effective managers" would have lasted no more than three months in office.

      Is not a fact. It is not enough to work well, you have to be able to show that you work well and not necessarily in a specialized direction, that is, to be "in sight", but in moderation. An effective manager will be effective everywhere - adapt to the situation if he is truly effective. But this is also a talent, probably there are not many of them.
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 4 May 2016 09: 09
        Quote: sevtrash

        Is not a fact. It is not enough to work well, you have to be able to show that you work well and not necessarily in a specialized direction, that is, to be "in sight", but in moderation. An effective manager will be effective everywhere - adapt to the situation if he is truly effective. But this is also a talent, probably there are not many of them.

        And before that he will break a bunch of firewood. I will single out your last phrase: “But this is also a talent, probably there are not many of them.” There are very few of them. I had a friend: unfortunately, he hasn’t been there since 2000. production, because he had a talent for selecting and placing personnel. He is still remembered as good by those who worked with him, and he was a tough man and handed out punishments on an equal basis with rewards. His favorite saying was: “With a clever deputy and .... the boss goes for a clever one.” Well, here the word was thrown out, I hope you guessed it.
        1. crazyrom
          crazyrom 4 May 2016 15: 56
          Read the book of Golovanov - "Dalnaya Bobardirovaya", very interesting, I really liked it. I wrote well about the War, about Stalin, a lot of interesting details. He does not praise himself, of course, but simply tells what and how it happened. Read on, you will not regret it.
          1. moskowit
            moskowit 4 May 2016 19: 37
            "There is no better book in the world,

            I would read it until old age ... "

            Read who didn’t read, believe me, it’s very worth it ...
        2. gladcu2
          gladcu2 4 May 2016 17: 18

          you are right too. Let me briefly explain to you that there would be no disputes.

          All officers know that if the commanding officer of a tyrant is part, then the commander is also a mess.

          When the head of an enterprise is a tyrant, then the manager must always be the right person to survive. And for this you have to do business on "manual control". Intuitive random actions. "Do this, no, quit, do this." If such a manager goes on vacation for one day, work stops.

          The second type of manager is when the boss of the enterprise is a wise man himself.

          Then the manager builds the system work. In this case, everyone knows in front of his work and everything that he will do next. In this case, the manager can leave for a month. Problems at the enterprise will begin somewhere in a month after 2 of his absence.
          Such a manager also needs to maintain a "smile" policy.

          There is also the concept of status. Under capitalism especially. Additional money may be allocated for this. But even if not, no one has canceled the status.

          Although, in fact, a manager is an employee of hired labor and he can also be kept on a salary "aby ne zdoh".
      2. evge-malyshev
        evge-malyshev 4 May 2016 10: 05
        Quote: sevtrash
        An effective manager will be effective everywhere - adapt to the situation if he is really effective.

        In my opinion, without being a specialist in any direction, it is impossible to become an "effective" manager. Although there may be "exceptions". For example, in Europe it has become fashionable to appoint some in skirts as defense ministers.
        Naturally, Golovanov was a specialist of the highest qualification and organizer (manager) from God.
        1. gladcu2
          gladcu2 4 May 2016 16: 59
          Appointments "in skirts" are made on purpose. To weaken the country's sovereignty.
      3. The point
        The point 4 May 2016 12: 13
        Are you talking about opportunists?
      4. gladcu2
        gladcu2 4 May 2016 14: 49

        You're right. This is reality. Just the word effective manager is very annoying.
    2. Amurets
      Amurets 4 May 2016 08: 55
      Quote: qwert
      "Cadres are everything." Stalin's modern "effective managers" would have lasted no more than three months in office

      I agree. Stalin did not tolerate superficiality, incompetence. And those who deceived that it was impossible to argue with Stalin. According to the memoirs of the then leaders of the state, it was impossible to argue with Stalin when the decision was finally made and the deadlines for execution were set. And that’s right. and it is necessary to carry out the task. A. Golovanov fits well with this concept of Stalin.
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 4 May 2016 15: 00
        Alexander Golovanov, who was personally subordinate to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief I.V. Stalin, did not betray him even after the war during Khrushchev's anti-Stalinist struggle with the so-called "Stalin's personality cult." Khrushchev suggested that he publicly speak out with the denigrating personality and work of Stalin. A.E. Golovanov refused to slander his Supreme.
        Only 2 Marshals from a large group of marshals remained faithful to the memory of Generalissimo Stalin: A.E. Golovanov and K.K. Rokossovsky, despite any pressure and discrimination in the service from the then leadership of the USSR.

        E.G. Golovanov for this was completely dismissed from military service without a pension, although the marshals were not fired at that time and they were considered for life in the military.
        With difficulty, he found a job in the post-war Aeroflot in a low position that did not correspond to his status as Chief Aviation Marshal, one of the two Chief Aviation War Marshals.

        Rokossovsky K.K. for this refusal, he was dismissed from the post of Deputy Minister of Defense and sent to the group of Inspectors - in fact, a group of military pensioners formally in military service.

        After the war, Alexander Evgenievich wrote a book of his memoirs "Long-range bomber ...", where he paid a lot of attention to his constant meetings with Stalin, his colleagues, and very little to himself. A man of great honor, conscience, dignity and modesty.
        Whoever has not read I advise you to read the book, you will learn a lot of interesting things about Stalin, the long-range military aviation of the USSR, which before A.E. Golovanova, was ineffective, due to her inability to carry out blind flights and the use of radio navigation in them.
        There is also a book by F. Chuev "Soldiers of the Empire" with descriptions of meetings with famous people, including A.E. Golovanov, where a lot has also been written about Golovanov himself.
        1. gladcu2
          gladcu2 4 May 2016 18: 33
          Vladimir z

          So Stalin left, and his country remained for a long time to work effectively.

          And the right managers of Stalia did not find application for the new boss.
    3. Pancho
      Pancho 4 May 2016 18: 29
      Quote: qwert
      Stalin's modern "effective managers" would have lasted no more than three months in office

      I do not think that Stalin would have given these managers the opportunity to rule.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 4 May 2016 07: 49
    Golovanov had iron health, bathed in an ice hole in winter, ran .. Died while jogging .. the vessel came off ... Eternal memory ..
    1. Gamdlislyam
      Gamdlislyam 4 May 2016 09: 50
      Quote: parusnik
      Golovanov had iron health, in the winter he swam in the hole, ran ..

      Dear colleague Aleksey, alas, Golovanov had health problems, and not small ones. During the Second World War, he worked for 16-18 hours. It affected health. At the end of 1944, he ended up in a hospital bed in a hospital for 4 months. Something like epilepsy, which in those days was still treated.
      did not know how. After the war (and graduation from the Academy of the General Staff) Stalin M.V. appointed Golovanov A.E. Airborne corps commander. After the death of Stalin, the new leadership of the Moscow Region, the obstinate chief marshal, was dismissed from the army due to illness (comis). But, despite the disease, and the position held deputy. The chief of the GNI Research Institute of the Civil Air Fleet, Alexander Evgenievich continued to fly (though on airplanes, where there were two pilots).
      Stalin I.V. The only time he used the plane to fly to Tehran for a conference with the Allies. The head of the flight (and one of the pilots) was Golovanov A.E.
      1. avt
        avt 4 May 2016 10: 16
        Quote: Gamdlislyam
        Stalin I.V. The only time he used the plane to fly to Tehran for a conference with the Allies. The head of the flight (and one of the pilots) was Golovanov A.E.

        I used - well, the person was afraid to fly, and not to get to Tehran by train, so he decided to fly through the mountains, and not with an airplane of a special squadron, but quite himself, Douglas, Land Lease. And Golovanov, well, rushed to the steering wheel. squinting slyly, he said something like "Colonels fly more often than generals" and the airplane was led by a regular crew. They say Stalin sat down, strapped himself in and so through the window in spite of the entire flight and sat. Again, accompanied by the Spanish internationalist pilots. There were such guys selflessly devoted communists and flyers and scouts in Medvedev's detachment that Kuznetsov was leading. Everyone knows about the Franks from Normandy-Neman, but about the fact that the Spaniards also fought with us, they were the first to enter Paris in Leclerc's division, and actually MAKI was based on them.
        1. WUA 518
          WUA 518 4 May 2016 10: 48
          Quote: avt
          Again, the Spanish internationalist pilots accompanied

          I recommend reading.
  3. yahont
    yahont 4 May 2016 08: 07
    Yes, there was talent. What is typical, a person doing his own thing, while looking far ahead, an example of "blind flights", holding a high position, thought and solved problems primarily in the interests of the state. What unfortunately lacks in our government
  4. inkass_98
    inkass_98 4 May 2016 08: 18
    Thanks for the article, I just would like to clarify:
    and in 21, he wore four sleepers on his buttonholes - in our time, these insignia correspond to the rank of colonel.

    There could be a maximum of three sleepers in those days, the rank of lieutenant colonel before 1939 was not, therefore the commander and commissar of the regiment carried three sleepers.
  5. PKK
    PKK 4 May 2016 08: 25
    Alexander Evgenievich, a very respected and courageous man. Even the enemies respected him. Such would be in our government, the country would change for the better.
  6. Old26
    Old26 4 May 2016 09: 19
    Thanks to the author for the article. To his shame, he knew very little about this Man. A man with a capital letter
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 4 May 2016 12: 02
      Volodya with the past holidays and the upcoming. You can not grasp the immensity. Actually, I also recently learned about the role of Golovanov. But what is Golovanov? At one time in our city lived his subordinate, twice Hero of the Soviet Union A.I. of a small town. And what I read about Golovanov, he became a victim of the fact that Stalin treated him well. Here is a link to VO:
      this is a link to his memoirs: http: //
      Links to rumors and gossip in the internet did not give. But his memoirs are really hard to find.
      1. The comment was deleted.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. wax
    wax 4 May 2016 12: 33
    Military memoirs are well represented on the website "Military Literature" ( In particular, there are also memoirs of A.E. Golovanov
    Legendary person!
  9. cedar
    cedar 4 May 2016 19: 07
    In memory of the Chief Marshal of Aviation A.E. Golovanov is dedicated
    V. Perov, ADD veteran March 1980

    Remember, Marshal, airways,
    On which you led us into battle?
    Our Ilya, obedient to the helm,
    Went at night to the enemy rear.
    Smoke of sorrow and anger conflagration
    Our souls have been burned forever.
    Buried you remember comrades
    Right in the heart, not far away.
    Year after year, military ailments
    We, the living, are called after the dead,
    That’s Marshal’s shift
    They brought to the last redoubt ...
    And we stand in a stone cemetery,
    And lead hurts near the heart.
    ... He remained a legend and a memory -
    Long-liver of our hearts.

  10. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner 5 May 2016 07: 54
    Quote: Amurets
    Quote: sevtrash

    Is not a fact. It is not enough to work well, you have to be able to show that you work well and not necessarily in a specialized direction, that is, to be "in sight", but in moderation. An effective manager will be effective everywhere - adapt to the situation if he is truly effective. But this is also a talent, probably there are not many of them.

    And before that he will break a bunch of firewood. I will single out your last phrase: “But this is also a talent, probably there are not many of them.” There are very few of them. I had a friend: unfortunately, he hasn’t been there since 2000. production, because he had a talent for selecting and placing personnel. He is still remembered as good by those who worked with him, and he was a tough man and handed out punishments on an equal basis with rewards. His favorite saying was: “With a clever deputy and .... the boss goes for a clever one.” Well, here the word was thrown out, I hope you guessed it.

    Oh, not a fact about the universal manager. If they exist, then such a rarity! Still, professionals did and moved well. Although ... Old nuclear scientists with a sweet breath were recalling Lavrenty Pavlovich, saying that everything was moving and moving with leaps and bounds, saying nothing had to be knocked out - if the equipment and materials for the institute were planned, then they would be on time.
    I myself found people brought up by Korolev and they said that Beregovoi was, of course, a general, but he was flying a rocket built and tuned by Sergei Palych. Because he is a pilot, and not a constructor, and sometimes he hangs up allies to him and he doesn’t feel it ...
    I myself am a radio engineer, I have been working for 40 years, and in our midst, "universal managers" just end up with criminal cases. IMHO.
  11. Basalaev
    Basalaev 6 May 2016 17: 18
    I.V. Stalin to select cadres, "not like the present tribe" ....
  12. demotivator
    demotivator 27 September 2016 20: 20
    Great stuff about an amazing person. Moreover, also undeservedly forgotten. But the chief aviation marshal of the Soviet Union, A. Golovanov, is one of those who made a significant contribution to the creation and development of our long-range aviation. In the Red Army there are few such people who, in just 4 years, were able to grow up in the military rank from a lieutenant colonel in 1940. to the Chief Marshal of Aviation in 1944. Golovanov had the closest relationship with Stalin, about which he later recalled:
    "I saw Stalin and communicated with him for more than one day and more than one year, and I must say that everything in his behavior was natural. Sometimes I argued with him, proving my own, and after a while, even after a year, two years later, I was convinced : Yes, he was right then, not I. Stalin gave me the opportunity to be convinced of the fallacy of his conclusions, and I would say that this method of pedagogy was very effective. "
    By the way, he and Rokossovsky in their memoirs speak very warmly of Stalin, which subsequently could not but affect their future fate after the death of the leader. Already retired with a small pay (only 1 rubles, while Marshal Zhukov received 800 rubles after his retirement, and Vice Admiral Kuznetsov, who was demoted in military rank, received 4 rubles in terms of prices before the 000 monetary reform), Golovanov refused to sign a letter condemning the personality cult of Stalin, which was sent to him from Khrushchev. He also refused to mention the name of Brezhnev in his memoirs (he allegedly met with the head of the political department of the 3th Army, Colonel Brezhnev during the war and wanted to "consult" with him about the combat use of ADD), as a result, the book "Long-range bomber ..." was published only after his death already in 000.
    On the network in widespread use are such words of Stalin: "I know ... that when I am gone, more than one tub of mud will be poured on my head. ... But I am sure that the wind of history will dispel all this ...".
    So these same words Stalin said when he spoke precisely with Alexander Evgenievich., During a meeting after the end of the Tehran Conference in 1943.