Military Review

Not a day without interference

21
Electronic warfare is conducted strictly according to science.


Over the past three years, the Armed Forces have made a significant leap in rearmament as well as in combat training. And how was the development of the electronic warfare troops (EW) going during this period? What new types of AMS have come into service, how are they being developed?

Electronic warfare is an advanced field of military science, the most complex intellectual and technical component of the rivalry of states claiming leadership. The rapid development of weapons and military equipment, their saturation with the latest equipment, the creation of global information exchange networks predetermine the impossibility of even the slightest lag in this area from a potential adversary. This sets the highest rate of development of EW troops.

The improvement of their technical basis is carried out in accordance with the LG-2020. The level of funding allows you to fully equip the EW units, units and subunits with functionally complete sets of equipment and maintain an effective weapon system.

Breakthrough technologies, innovative solutions that raise multifunctionality, mobility and maintainability are being successfully introduced. The current weapons system of the EW troops is capable in its area of ​​responsibility to fend off all possible threats to the country's security.

Over the past three years, measures have been taken to improve the structure of the troops. Formed new compounds, military units and units of EW. This happens simultaneously with the re-equipment of modern samples of VVST. Moreover, plans are changing in the light of current threats and emerging priorities. Thus, the Scientific Research Testing Institute of Electronic Warfare was formed as part of the Air Force Academy named after Professor N. Ye. Zhukovsky and Yu. A. Gagarin. In accordance with the directive of the Minister of Defense in October 2015, the Military Scientific Committee of the REB troops was created. As is known, the president of the country made a decision to conduct an experiment on the formation of two research and production (technical) companies within the Armed Forces. One of them was formed and placed on the funds of the Interspecific Center for Training and Combat Use of EW Troops. Research and production tasks related to the production, repair and maintenance of the VVST are successfully performed, as well as work in the interests of defense at the Tambov plant Revolutionary Labor.

Requirements are growing

Under the state defense order, at present, the 20 order of the nomenclature of modern EW equipment is being supplied. In the near future, the completion of the development and the start of procurement is expected to be no less than in 10 positions. These are virtually all of the EW equipment groups - suppressing radio communications, radiolocation and radio navigation, protection from the WTO, control and support tools. Considerable attention is paid to the development of complexes with unmanned aerial vehicles.

Not a day without interferenceThe main requirements for modern EW equipment are as follows:

-expansion of the functionality of individual funds and increase their versatility, the transition to multifunctional complexes that can solve a wide range of tasks to combat the various control systems of the enemy;
-increasing the effectiveness of the struggle with a significant decrease in the weight and size characteristics of the equipment;
-big survivability and mobility due to the placement of the equipment on the media, providing use in conditions of intense fire and electronic countermeasures;
-transfer of efforts to defeat the "enemy territory", the widespread use of unmanned and abandoned (carried) means;
- the creation of a complex radio-electronic situation for the technical means of reconnaissance of the enemy in the areas of combat operations;
-development of multispectral means of jamming in order to protect the AMST from high precision weapons enemy with radio, opto-electronic and combined guidance systems;
-integration of electronic jamming complexes with systems of onboard equipment of aircraft, first of all, radar with the function of creating high-potential interference;
- combining EW complexes into spatially distributed protection systems based on a single functioning algorithm.

Qualification and competition

According to the state defense order, the troops supplied about 300 of the main types of equipment and more than a thousand small-sized means. This made it possible to re-equip 45 percent of military units and subdivisions into modern complexes “Murmansk-BN”, “Krasukha”, “Borisoglebsk-2” and others.

By the beginning of 2016, the total share of current samples was 46 percent. And in their performance characteristics they are not inferior to the best Western. Moreover, the main trends in the development of domestic EW equipment and foreign analogues coincide, which predetermines the closeness of their characteristics.

The main advantages of domestic technology include:

-longer range of its action, which is achieved by the use of transmitting devices and antenna systems that are superior to those of foreign power and efficiency;
- a wide range of objects on which the impact is carried out;
-the possibility of implementing a flexible management structure as an EW complex, and individual models of equipment that operate autonomously and in the composition of conjugated pairs.

However, no matter how perfect the technique, without sufficient qualifications of each serviceman, it will not be effective. Therefore, in accordance with the requirements of the Supreme Commander and the leadership of the Ministry of Defense, military training has been intensified in this academic year. Particular attention is paid to the practical development of actions on standard equipment and the improvement of the skills of military personnel in the implementation of standards and combat training tasks.

Sudden inspections, interspecies training of troops using standard equipment are important. More than two hundred specialty and command-staff exercises are scheduled for the 2016 school year. Many events are held in an adversarial manner, for example, in the form of a competition for field training among units. Since 2015, representatives of the Armed Forces of Belarus have taken part in it. The initial stages of the competition are held in formations (military units), associations (military districts and branches of the military), where the selection of the best units (crews) for each major specialty is carried out. The ability of the personnel to prepare special equipment for combat use is checked, the best subunit in the compound, association, military district, Armed Forces is determined. In the 2015 school year, more than 100 troops in the 21 crew took part in the final stage of the competition.

From university to the site


The new EW equipment required changes in the training of modern specialists. The training system is built, including the following programs:

- the highest operational-strategic training for the central organs of military control - at the Academy of the General Staff (the training period is two years);
-full military special training for formations, military units, electronic warfare units of all types and types of troops - in two universities of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation (five years);
- master's (highest military operational-tactical) training for associations, operational-strategic commands, types of staffs and types of troops - in six universities of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation (two years).


In addition, training is being conducted for radio electronic warfare officers when they are appointed to higher positions in higher education institutions of the Ministry of Defense in additional professional education programs.

Not a day without interference


Junior specialists for the NE and coastal units of the Navy study at the Interspecific Training and Combat Use Center for EW. Duration of training - 4,5 month. In the same place under programs of additional professional education and advanced training retraining of military personnel under the contract is adjusted.

When units were re-equipped with new models of special equipment, a one-month training program was organized for the units. Requirements for graduates are serious enough. We are talking about the ability to work on all models of special equipment that are in service with the EW troops,

its independent and collective application in various conditions of the situation, high moral and psychological qualities.

In addition to educational institutions of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, EW specialists graduate from the military departments at state educational institutions. Under the Southern Federal University officers are trained. In St. Petersburg State University of Telecommunications. prof. M. A. Bonch-Bruyevich and the Siberian Federal University - officers, soldiers and sergeants.

By 2018, the creation of a specialized ground for electronic warfare troops is planned, which will allow in a short time to prepare subunits and military units of EW, including taking into account the specific operational-tactical situation and the possibility of organizing interaction in the planned virtual field, to perform combat training (special) tasks combat, up to the actions of each serviceman, and also to reduce the material, technical and financial costs through the use of computer-aided learning tools, individual and multiplexing simulators.

The Magnei-REB training and training complex is supplied to all units that have undergone retraining and re-equipment on new samples of special equipment. An integrated training and training complex - Itoc has been developed and is being prepared for state testing. It will allow to work out various situations on almost all types of EW tools and in real-time to monitor the correctness of the actions of students, to evaluate them.
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  1. Teberii
    Teberii 1 May 2016 06: 23
    0
    New equipment, new types of weapons is good.
  2. Mangel olys
    Mangel olys 1 May 2016 06: 54
    +3
    New electronic warfare equipment required changes in the training of modern specialists. The training system is built

    In the Soviet Union, REBs were prepared in Tambov and Kaliningrad. There is no longer any Kaliningrad VATU, only one bright memory of the cadet years remained.
  3. tchoni
    tchoni 1 May 2016 07: 18
    +4
    So, as part of the Air Force Academy named after Professor N. E. Zhukovsky and Yu. A. Gagarin, the Scientific Research Testing Institute of Electronic Warfare was formed. In accordance with the directive of the Minister of Defense in October 2015, the Military Scientific Committee of the EW troops was created. As you know, the president of the country decided to conduct an experiment to form two scientific-production (technical) companies in the Armed Forces. One of them was formed and placed on the funds of the Interspecific Center for the Training and Combat Use of the Republic of Uzbekistan Forces
    Actually, this institution has always been. And it was called 5 cnii, the Phnetic reb. And it was dispersed thanks to the stool. As for scientific mouths - this is bullshit. A person needs to work out about five years in a topic in order to begin to produce a result. Science is not a conveyor belt. A very complicated and expensive business.
  4. Yarik
    Yarik 1 May 2016 08: 06
    +3
    Only about the good, this is the same, good, but about how Serdyukov almost buried EW, not a word at all.
    1. Vita vko
      Vita vko 1 May 2016 19: 57
      +2
      Quote: Yarik
      Serdyukov nearly buried EW

      He tried to destroy many scientific schools, not only electronic warfare. But in fact, EW has been financed on a leftover basis since Soviet times. Even after a clear demonstration of the capabilities of electronic warfare during Operation Desert Storm, most of the ground-thinking generals tried to push the electronic warfare forces in and almost every reform led to staff cuts and funding.
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 12 June 2016 16: 41
      0
      Taburetkin is enough for VMN with the confiscation of the fact that he liquidated both Air Force academies (named after Zhukovsky and named after Gagarin), transferring them to Voronezh. None of the faculty members went there. Schools are lost.
  5. demiurg
    demiurg 1 May 2016 08: 10
    +1
    Who is strong in radio engineering? Tell me, theoretically, is it possible to completely cover the entire range of radio waves? Only Tesla generators come to mind, are there any other options?
    1. HAM
      HAM 1 May 2016 09: 26
      +2
      It makes no sense to close the entire spectrum, in specific conditions a specific spectrum is used, and then it must be crushed ..
    2. strelok-54
      strelok-54 1 May 2016 19: 26
      +5
      This is not how it is done. The enemy's working range is scanned. And everywhere you can do either "White Noise" or wedge yourself into other people's negotiations.

      The enemy jumps in the range, and we follow him. Activity on the air is not difficult to identify. Score the ether too. Instead of codes and call signs, the enemy can be given the opportunity to enjoy the same hit of Alla Borisovna for several days.

      If the EW arrived, then they can only be prevented by atrocities with a rocket.
      1. HAM
        HAM 2 May 2016 16: 03
        0
        ..... The enemy rides the range, and we follow him. Activity on the air is not difficult to identify .....

        As practice has shown, jumping after someone across the range is an ineffectively simple example: during the attack on Yugoslavia, Yugoslav radio amateurs broadcast directly that they saw missiles hitting houses, and the NATO military tried to suppress these signals. By changing frequencies and bands, we, who were tracking behind the transmission, they practically did not lose information, and the NATO warriors simply lagged behind, they did not notice the change in the situation due to their interference. So you need to push everything or know the algorithm for changing the transmission in SPECIFIC conditions. And the "hits" are 70-80 years!
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. bk316
      bk316 4 May 2016 18: 57
      +2
      Quote: demiurg
      it is possible to completely cover the entire range of radio waves

      You can - spark interference - a joke for the first year.
      What for? Such a task is not worth it.
      And EW will not ruin any stool for us. Hello from CNIRTI :)
  6. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 1 May 2016 09: 19
    +5
    In the 80s, in my operational service, along with other facilities, was an EW regiment. Even then I got acquainted with their technical capabilities. During the training (72-76 years), we did not even dream about such accomplished tasks of the battalion (I am not talking about the regiment) of electronic warfare at the higher combined-arms school. I am writing this to the fact that time does not stand still. If at one time it could surprise with a difference of five years, then what can we say about today.
  7. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 1 May 2016 10: 49
    +1
    All automatic control systems have a common drawback: they are vulnerable to external influences by intercepting control.
    And currently, methods are being developed for influencing enemy control systems. As well as methods of protecting their systems. There is a confrontation between attack and defense. Which has always been a priority in any army in the world ...
  8. crambol
    crambol 1 May 2016 13: 36
    +1
    The article, unfortunately, for the "Young Technician"
  9. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 1 May 2016 14: 45
    +1
    Quote: Yarik
    Only about the good, this is the same, good, but about how Serdyukov almost buried EW, not a word at all.

    Damn with him, with Serdyukov. The main EW is alive and KRET works. Good luck to developers and operation in solving problems!
    1. Beefeater
      Beefeater 1 May 2016 17: 30
      0
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Quote: Yarik
      Only about the good, this is the same, good, but about how Serdyukov almost buried EW, not a word at all.

      Damn with him, with Serdyukov. The main EW is alive and KRET works. Good luck to developers and operation in solving problems!

      Interestingly, what now went into the series when it was developed? A year ago at Shoigu? No
      Not now, and not a year or two ago
      A 5-7 years
      Just when Serdyukov.
      1. VoronoNoK
        VoronoNoK 1 May 2016 22: 47
        +4
        Development began back in the 80s of the last century, which indicates the highest level of education of the then engineers, read by the Strugatsky, Azimov and others. They knew how to dream, foresee the future. So they laid the potential for 20 years ahead. The same Krasukha, Moscow, Khibiny, Sorption, Rychag, Vitebsk come from there, from the era of stagnation ... And they received an impulse for development at the beginning of the XNUMXs, when they were allowed to sell abroad, and it was with this money that enterprises financed their developments. And then Taburetkin came ... And with him they began to actively push through Italian technology, including the REP. Now Taburetkin in Rostec, quietly, is again trying to ruin the REP and KRET is actively helping him in this, gaining unrealizable orders, reducing the staff of thematic enterprises, collecting loans and putting his ignorant friends in leadership positions. This is the fifth column in Russia. And they are covered. Above. The feds. In general, you cannot throw out words from the song: "think for yourself, guess for yourself ...". People's enthusiasm is running out, for another six months you can forget about the REP of Russia, although they will be promoting themselves until the last ... credit.)
  10. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 1 May 2016 15: 58
    0
    Finally, in Russia they realized that the current century is the "age of electronic warfare". "REB" is the "king" of the modern battlefield. Previously, we were only catching up with someone, but we are already in the lead in electronic warfare, well, finally! The main thing is not to "miss" the appearance of electronic warfare "on new principles" and on new "elementary bases", but here we start to run into the development of "fundamental science", and there we are far from going smoothly ... I hope that our leadership understands this and does everything possible to correct the situation in this "area" ...
  11. strelok-54
    strelok-54 1 May 2016 19: 31
    +1
    Aerobatics, when REB eavesdrop on other people's callsigns and wedged into command and control. There are great comedians and officers with knowledge of languages. They can send the tank army into the swamps and order them not to get in touch for two weeks.
    1. japs
      japs 2 May 2016 14: 02
      +3
      Are you talking about wedging? Buddy Ek You are bent! Maybe at least once heard about ZAS? At the tactical, operational and strategic level?
  12. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner 2 May 2016 15: 03
    0
    Quote: Mangel Alys
    New electronic warfare equipment required changes in the training of modern specialists. The training system is built

    In the Soviet Union, REBs were prepared in Tambov and Kaliningrad. There is no longer any Kaliningrad VATU, only one bright memory of the cadet years remained.


    But what about the "Skull"? We have officers in Germany (78-80) and from there were.
    I read an article - balm for the soul. If more equipment came in and INTERACTION was established ...
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 12 June 2016 16: 46
      0
      So from "Skull", it seems, were only rumors for each theater of operations issued, or not just rumors?