Military Review

Red is dead

104
21 April 1918 killed the best pilot of the First World War, the "red baron" Manfred von Richthofen. Before the bullet fired by Canadian lucky Roy Brown struck the chest of the baron, he managed to shoot down an 80 of British and French aircraft. This record was not broken by anyone, although after the death of Richthofen the war continued for more than half a year.


And even in World War II, despite the much higher heat of confrontation and the colossal scale of air battles, not one of the pilots of the anti-German coalition could approach the result achieved by the 26-year-old red devil in the era of wooden "shelves."



Albatross fighters D.III and DV, on which Richthofen fought in 1916-17. Even then, he began to paint his planes in red, as if teasing his opponents - "it's me, try, beat me down!"



Richthofen with the neck cross of the Order of Pour le Merite, considered by German pilots to be the most honorable award, and the room in which he lived, decorated with fragments of the hulls of downed English and French airplanes with flight numbers. Also noteworthy is the original chandelier, made from aircraft engine.



A rare shot of the Baron on a bicycle and his colleagues. Young guys, most of whom died in a senseless and deliberately lost war.



Having resettled the 1917 on the new ultra-maneuverable Fokker Drydecker fighter in the fall, Richthofen also painted it red, but not completely at first.



And then - entirely. as earlier cars.



On the "Drydekker" Richthofen was not afraid to attack the enemy many times superior and invariably won in air battles. He always won when he kept the situation under control.



But 21 April 1918, the Baron relaxed a little, just a little, for a couple of seconds. In the heat of the pursuit of another victim, he did not notice the enemy fighter entering his tail. Only a fraction of a second was enough for Roy Brown to click on the trigger. when the red "Fokker" flashed into the frame sight. Only one bullet hit the target, piercing through the lungs and the heart of the best pilot of our planet.



And here's the result: the dead Richthofen looks with a glassy look at his killer, Roy Brown. However, Baron deserved this fate by sending dozens of British and French pilots to the world.



The British and Canadians with the wreckage of the plane of the "red baron". Covering they have partially stripped for souvenirs.



Fighter Sopwig "Camel" Roy Brown, in which he shot down Richthofen. This Canadian pilot also loved the color red.
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104 comments
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  1. BarakHuseynovich
    BarakHuseynovich April 30 2016 06: 00
    +7
    ... the best pilot of our planet.

    however, the Israelis may be against winked
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh April 30 2016 20: 06
      +3
      No, we have no objection. fellow
  2. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 30 2016 06: 03
    +18
    "I would have known the purchase, I would have lived in Sochi!" The years of the 1st World War are the "pioneer" age of aviation in general ... and the "1st class" military ...., in particular. How the "military" should fight planes, no one really knew ... "tactical combat techniques" of "fighters" and "bombers" were not known .. Apparently, Richthofen was whispered by his "guardian angel in authority" some "tactical combat techniques", about which more others did not know ....... Plus the factor of luck .... this factor, like the "law of meanness" can be refuted, but it "really" exists ... "in life"!
    1. PKK
      PKK April 30 2016 21: 07
      +3
      In those days, there was real AVIATION, the era of open cabins. Enemies in the air were often found by smell. 100 poody romance. All that remains is to envy those guys.
    2. sivuch
      sivuch April 30 2016 23: 19
      0
      last name of the guardian angel - O. Belke
  3. demiurg
    demiurg April 30 2016 06: 41
    +23
    The red baron already considered the bend fight ineffective. And he understood the importance of speed and the advantages of height.
    And the bullet that hit the baron most likely flew from the ground, as it hit him in the chest, and not in the side and not in the back.
    In Novosibirsk, at the Monument of Glory is the Yak-9t, a second world plane. Even he looks somehow frivolous. She showed a friend she knew, she laughed at how such a war could be fought. But in this airplane is an engine of 1200 horses. And the 37mm gun.
    And on farmers and other fokkers, neither an armored back, nor a closed cabin. At the beginning of World War I, pilots fired from Nagans.
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I April 30 2016 11: 57
      +2
      Quote: demiurg
      And the bullet that hit the baron, most likely flew from the ground,

      Yes, yes, I also "heard" this version!
      Quote: demiurg
      At the beginning of World War I, pilots fired from Nagans.

      Well ... from the "revolvers" they "accidentally" turned out. While the machine guns were not introduced, the flyers were given "Mauser" (pistols) to "rebuke the adversaries" .... and in some places, "American" automatic "Browning "(hunting rifle) ... a little later, automatic (self-loading) carbines from" experimental batches ".....
    2. Warrior2015
      Warrior2015 3 May 2016 18: 14
      +2
      Quote: demiurg
      The red baron already considered the bend fight ineffective. And he understood the importance of speed and the advantages of height.

      Not entirely correct information - rather, on the contrary, he was invincible precisely on horizontal bends on his "three-winged".
      1. gladcu2
        gladcu2 14 March 2017 00: 31
        0
        Warrior

        Most likely you are right. It’s impossible to talk about speeds on such a technique. Maximum up to 150 km / h.
  4. ovod84
    ovod84 April 30 2016 06: 56
    +15
    He died like an eagle in the sky, died with dignity and went down in history as one of the best aces in air wars.
    1. svp67
      svp67 April 30 2016 07: 29
      +1
      Quote: ovod84
      He died like an eagle in the sky, died with dignity and went down in history as one of the best aces in air wars.

      The only question is, was it worth it to die for the fact that he fought? Was he on the right side? So speaking of him as a good, even excellent pilot, you should still not pay homage to the affairs that he did ...
      1. geek2101
        geek2101 April 30 2016 08: 22
        +8
        Unfortunately, times and fate are not chosen ...
        1. svp67
          svp67 April 30 2016 09: 11
          +1
          Quote: geek2101
          Unfortunately, times and fate are not chosen ...

          This is yes. "Times are not chosen, they live and die ..."
          But I just urge you not to make a HERO from Richthofen. He was not on the RIGHT side and I sincerely feel sorry for him.
          1. hound
            hound April 30 2016 09: 45
            +22
            And what was his "untruth" ?? That he was born a German ?? There is nothing to stupidly drive on all non-Russian. And just the same Richtofen was a hero, like other pilots of the Great War. If he had not, his enemies would not have buried him with military honors.
            1. svp67
              svp67 April 30 2016 09: 54
              0
              Quote: Jagdhund
              And what was his "untruth" ??

              The fact that he killed other people in order to capture foreign territories. Do you think this is right?
              Quote: Jagdhund
              Is he born German ?? There is nothing to stupidly drive to all non-Russian.
              What does it have to do with it? You do not understand the simplest things, trying to whistle them to a simple national phobia.
              Quote: Jagdhund
              But just the same, Richthofen was a hero, like the other pilots of the Great War.

              The question is WHAT HIS HERO do you see? In the fact that he killed other people, notice that all his "exploits" took place over foreign territory, he was a participant in a war of conquest, he did not defend his territory.
              Quote: Jagdhund
              He wouldn’t be, so his enemies would not be buried in military honors.

              There were such times then, some rules of knightly battle still remained. But, I don’t remember that ordinary infantrymen would be buried with such honors.
              1. hound
                hound April 30 2016 10: 01
                +10
                In, the news. And the Entente did not seek to seize territory ?? Until the twentieth century, all wars were like that, just the development of technology showed that you can put an end to the former tactics and strategies. But Richthofen is a hero, if only because he refused to go to the headquarters post and continued to fly, citing the fact that a simple infantryman has no such choice.
                1. svp67
                  svp67 April 30 2016 11: 43
                  0
                  Quote: Jagdhund
                  And the Entente did not seek to seize territory ??

                  What kind? And when?
                  Quote: Jagdhund
                  But Richthofen is a hero, if only because he refused to go to the headquarters post and continued to fly, citing the fact that a simple infantryman has no such choice.

                  You confuse the concept of heroism with a sense of duty.
              2. Lukich
                Lukich April 30 2016 10: 24
                +7
                Quote: svp67
                The fact that he killed other people in order to capture foreign territories. Do you think this is right?

                did not kill, but fought. they also sought to kill him
                Quote: svp67
                The question is WHAT HIS HEROISM Do you see? AT

                that he did not change the oath, remained faithful to duty, had the courage to fly and fight on such an antediluvian plane. as indeed all the pilots of that war.
                Quote: svp67
                That he killed other people

                you see the war. they kill there. not you, so you. and notice, he is not a punisher, not an executioner, he is a soldier.
                1. svp67
                  svp67 April 30 2016 10: 32
                  -5
                  Quote: Lukich
                  did not kill, but fought. they also sought to kill him

                  "A la guerre comme a la guerre" is true, but nevertheless it does not justify it.
                  Quote: Lukich
                  that he did not change the oath, remained faithful to duty, had the courage to fly and fight on such an antediluvian plane. as indeed all the pilots of that war.

                  Yes, what you say. Apparently you are a supporter of another such "hero", a native of the "Richtohfen circus" -


                  True, this did not save him from the tribunal.
                  Quote: Lukich
                  you see the war. they kill there. not you, so you. and notice, he is not a punisher, not an executioner, he is a soldier.

                  And he is an invader, which immediately makes him wrong
                  1. Lukich
                    Lukich April 30 2016 11: 06
                    +12
                    Quote: svp67
                    Yes, what you say. Apparently you are a supporter of another such "hero", a native of the "Richtohfen circus" -

                    in fact, he was not judged because he shot down planes in the First World War.
                    Quote: svp67
                    And he is an invader, which immediately makes him wrong

                    it would be better if everyone did not go to war. but this is desertion and betrayal. and nobody loves traitors. and he didn’t start the war. did not want to talk, forced ... I really respect the soldiers of the Afghans. many friends of the Afghans. I admire their feat. their loyalty to the motherland. but here's the question for you, but what did these guys do there? do not speak about international duty better. but there were those who refused to go there, or already deserted there. what is your attitude towards them? ONCE AGAIN I ASK FORGIVENESS AT THE AFGHANIAN WARRIORS WHO CAN BE involuntarily offended sad
                    1. svp67
                      svp67 April 30 2016 11: 18
                      +3
                      Quote: Lukich
                      in fact, he was not judged because he shot down planes in the First World War.

                      Yes. for something else, but is it not strange that the top of the Nazi "Luftwaffe", with its far from "knightly" rules of air warfare, grew out of the "Richtohfen circus".
                      1. Lukich
                        Lukich April 30 2016 11: 50
                        +2
                        Quote: svp67
                        Yes. for something else, but is it not strange that the top of the Nazi "Luftwaffe", with its far from "knightly" rules of air warfare, grew out of the "Richtohfen circus".

                        Hitler loved to draw. communicated with artists. Poroshenko produced candy and is now releasing it. and who else of Richtofen's friends was tried as a war criminal?
              3. Nikolaevich I
                Nikolaevich I April 30 2016 12: 25
                +2
                Quote: svp67
                The fact that he killed other people in order to capture foreign territories. Do you think this is right?

                He "defended his country" (at least, he thought so ...), without thinking "about the seizure of foreign territories"!
          2. Nikolaevich I
            Nikolaevich I April 30 2016 12: 20
            +2
            Quote: svp67
            But I just urge you not to make a HERO from Richthofen.

            Your right! But, regardless of your calls (and any other ...) for certain "categories" of people he was, is and will remain a hero ...
            1. svp67
              svp67 April 30 2016 12: 33
              +1
              Quote: Nikolaevich I
              for certain "categories" of people he was, is and will remain a hero ...

              Yes. As well as the Hartmanns, Navotny, Rudel and many others who attacked my Homeland and brought Death on their wings
              1. The comment was deleted.
              2. AK64
                AK64 April 30 2016 12: 44
                +3
                Quote: Nikolaevich I
                for certain "categories" of people he was, is and will remain a hero ...


                Yes. As well as the Hartmanns, Navotny, Rudel and many others who attacked my Homeland and brought Death on their wings

                You shouldn't have given the term "hero" an emotional connotation.

                Initially, a "hero" is a corny "half-god", the son of a god (goddess) and man. This term does not carry the slightest ethical context.

                It is not at all necessary that the hero is a "role model".

                In this sense, Richthofen is certainly a hero.
                1. Nikolaevich I
                  Nikolaevich I April 30 2016 14: 08
                  +2
                  Quote: AK64
                  It is not at all necessary that the hero is a "role model".

                  Thank you for the hint! This is exactly what I meant "in mind"! (It happens ... as in one joke: I feel that it’s half a liter, but I can’t say!)
                2. Pushkar
                  Pushkar April 30 2016 15: 55
                  0
                  Initially, the same swastika is an ancient symbol of life. Maybe we will remember the present, "current" meaning of words?
              3. Orang
                Orang April 30 2016 13: 03
                +4
                Quote: svp67
                Yes. As well as the Hartmanns, Navotny, Rudel and many others who attacked my Homeland and brought Death on their wings

                And then what? Do not equal 3 Reich and Kaiser Germany, WWII and WWI. Red Baron and Hartman fought in completely different ways.
                1. Lukich
                  Lukich April 30 2016 13: 32
                  0
                  Quote: Orang
                  And then what?

                  and he collects all on a national basis. since German, then a fascist. since a pilot means a criminal
                2. svp67
                  svp67 April 30 2016 16: 00
                  0
                  Quote: Orang
                  And then what? Do not equal 3 Reich and Kaiser Germany, WWII and WWI. Red Baron and Hartman fought in completely different ways.

                  Then I ask you to clarify in what they had the "absolute difference".
                  Both that and that behaved quite "in a gentlemanly way" - the paratroopers were not shot, and he and he spent their entire combat life at the forefront, without switching to staff work. What do they have differently?
              4. Nikolaevich I
                Nikolaevich I April 30 2016 14: 03
                +6
                I understand you. But I think it's still not worth "lumping everyone together!" The fascists Hartmann and Rudel ... and Richthofen, who fought without thinking about "seizing foreign territories and not feeling misanthropic feelings towards" foreign peoples " the time of Richthofen "there were still remnants of" chivalry "and I do not think that the" red baron "would shoot a downed pilot in the air (if my memory serves me right, there was a case when an English pilot got a machine gun jammed ... Richthofen" let go " "back home" ...); bomb a peaceful village .... and this distinguishes him Rudel, Hartmann. Another example? Good! Napoleon and Hitler. Napoleon conquered Europe, invaded Russia ... The Napoleonic wars ruined many human lives, destroyed many destinies have changed the destinies of countries .... and yet !!! Napoleon for many (even in our country!) remains an idol, a role model, a great commander, a brilliant statesman! Well, and I "talk" about Hitler further do not want...
          3. 97110
            97110 April 30 2016 15: 26
            +3
            Quote: svp67
            He was not on the RIGHT side and I sincerely feel sorry for him.

            Was there a Canadian on the right side? And when the concentration camp on about. These Mujug created, were they also right? And when the bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, were they right too? When RI was with them - were RI soldiers right? And since the end of 1917 ceased to be right? Or did Denikin, Yudenich, Kolchak remain, and Brusilov lost this property? Your idea is not clear. Richthofen defended his homeland in a war which, on the occasion of bad debts, was brewed by cousins ​​to the great joy of bankers. Who is right here, who is wrong? Those who were struck by a bullet were torn apart by a shell, strangled with gas, pierced with a bayonet, and lost. By birth, they lost, so to speak, the casting. Those who considered profit and loss won.
      2. veteran66
        veteran66 April 30 2016 09: 24
        +3
        Quote: svp67
        nevertheless, one should not pay homage to those deeds that he did ...

        in that war, in contrast to WWII, everyone was "good." And it was never shameful to give honor to a dead enemy.
        1. svp67
          svp67 April 30 2016 09: 55
          -1
          Quote: veteran66
          in that war, unlike the WWII, everyone was "good."

          Nevertheless, even then someone was protecting his land, and someone was trying to capture it.
          Quote: veteran66
          And to honor the fallen enemy has never been shameful.

          Alas, but not always. I am against the honors of the dead punitive and traitors.
          1. Lukich
            Lukich April 30 2016 10: 26
            0
            Quote: svp67
            Alas, but not always. I am against the honors of the dead punitive and traitors.

            the outskirts do not agree with you. there they are heroes. not all of the outskirts, of course, but the fact remains
            1. svp67
              svp67 April 30 2016 10: 35
              0
              Quote: Lukich
              the outskirts do not agree with you. there they are heroes. not all of the outskirts, of course, but the fact remains

              Alas, but now, with some of it, the "land issue" has not been resolved.
              1. alexej123
                alexej123 April 30 2016 11: 28
                +9
                Sorry to "get" into the dispute. I agree with my colleague "Lukich". At least in WWI, including Richtofen, the belligerent parties still followed the rules of "knightly honor", maybe he did not formulate it that way. After all, the red color of his plane is something from "I go to YOU". And Richtofen is not to blame for the fact that in the Second World War the "Goering boys" or the "Pope Doenitz" guys destroyed trains with refugees and wounded, sank hospital ships. A colleague is right - von Richtofen, at least worthy of respect as a worthy opponent.
                1. svp67
                  svp67 April 30 2016 11: 34
                  -1
                  Quote: alexej123
                  And Richtofen is not to blame that in the Second World War the "Goering boys" ... destroyed trains with refugees and wounded, sank hospital ships.
                  Oh, is it? Goering is his pupil and he himself selected the pilots, so there is also his part of guilt in the actions of the "boys". Moreover, at the top of the Luftwaffe there were many "acrobats" from his "circus"
        2. AK64
          AK64 April 30 2016 10: 01
          +2
          in that war, unlike the WWII, everyone was "good."

          Nevertheless, it was Germany that actually started the war.

          It was Germany that had the choice: to start a war or prevent it (simply by cycling into Austria-Hungary). The choice they made. And because of this choice, a huge number of civilians were affected, moreover in other countries.
          1. 97110
            97110 April 30 2016 15: 46
            +1
            Quote: AK64
            It was Germany that had a choice: start a war or prevent it

            How simple it is with you. And how to pay back debts, recapture the huge money spent on preparing for war? Willie's cousins ​​spent too. Nicholas would have been suppressed by the French, Zhorik by their own. Marianne was haunted by the shame of 70, and a more growing competitor at her side. The South Caucasus annoyed German colonialism, which is brazenly pushing its elbows in Africa. YUS was waiting overseas for the opportunity to peck at the half-corpses of Europe. How these hucksters arranged everything. Russia declared war on Germany, the Germans attacked France. Only the Naglo-Saxons are all white and fluffy. So you fell for it. The question "who benefits?" Does it occur to you?
      3. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I April 30 2016 12: 15
        +2
        Quote: svp67
        The only question is, was it worth it to die for the fact that he fought? Was he on the right side?

        Your grandfather didn’t commission a “civilian”? Where did this “Bolshevik slogan” come from? Did you forget how the Bolsheviks ruined the Russian army with “peace-loving” slogans? fair to himself! And Richthofen is a soldier! He swore an oath!
        1. 97110
          97110 April 30 2016 15: 55
          -1
          Quote: Nikolaevich I
          Forgot how the Bolsheviks ruined the Russian army with "peace-loving" slogans?

          No, I remember how this army was killed in 1915, without weapons and ammunition, but to the glory of the capitals of the European allies. As agents of capital flooded the king-priest. How their Provisional Government managed in half a year to completely decompose the Army of the Russian Empire. Or is it the Bolsheviks issued Order No. 1? Nonsense about the Bolsheviks would be ashamed to write. It was the Bolsheviks who rebuilt the Russian Empire, which collapsed due to the machinations of impudent Saxon capital. They didn’t hold it, again the same benefactors killed her. And you have been taught, as Orthodox Balts and dill, to see the Bolsheviks' guilt everywhere.
          1. Warrior2015
            Warrior2015 3 May 2016 18: 19
            0
            Quote: 97110
            How their Provisional Government managed in half a year to completely decompose the Army of the Russian Empire.

            NU then the Bolsheviks and then none other did the decomposition of the army. The interim government was just for the active continuation of the war.
        2. The comment was deleted.
      4. gladcu2
        gladcu2 April 30 2016 16: 29
        +2
        svp67

        The pilots of the first world were motivated by "sports interest".

        There was a kind of sports code and concepts of honor. Therefore, wondering why they fought ... well, you can come up with a pathetic reason.

        And so ... For the championship. Who is better.
      5. RoTTor
        RoTTor April 30 2016 17: 11
        +1
        The question for the military, especially for the officer, is stupid.
      6. PKK
        PKK April 30 2016 21: 10
        0
        The fact that the Baron fought with impudence is a just cause. He died heroically in battle.
      7. Molot1979
        Molot1979 24 October 2016 07: 27
        0
        There was no right side at all in that war. Well, or all parties were right. In my own way. Richthofen fought for his country and died for it. It is worthy of respect.
  5. KirAntiglobov
    KirAntiglobov April 30 2016 07: 37
    +4
    Quote: BarakHuseynovich
    ... the best pilot of our planet.

    however, the Israelis may be against winked

    - Semyon Markovich, are you for or against?
    - I do not mind, but I am not for it!
  6. bionik
    bionik April 30 2016 08: 09
    +6
    The funeral of Richthofen. April 22, 1918
    1. bionik
      bionik April 30 2016 08: 12
      +4
      Manfred von Richthofen was buried with military honors by Australian soldiers in a village cemetery, three years later was reburied in a cemetery for German soldiers, in 1925 in a cemetery in Berlin and finally in 1975 the remains were transferred to a family cemetery in Wiesbaden.
  7. AK64
    AK64 April 30 2016 08: 23
    +3
    But on April 21, 1918, the baron relaxed a little, just a little, for a couple of seconds. In the excitement of chasing another victim, he did not notice the enemy fighter coming into his tail. Only a fraction of a second was enough for Roy Brown to pull the trigger. when the red Fokker flashed through the scope.

    Most likely, Richthofen was killed by an anti-aircraft machine gunner to the ground.

    the best pilot of our planet.

    debatable.
    Even for WWI - is debatable.
    "the most productive" - ​​it will be more accurate. But even its effectiveness is not least due to the abundance of targets: the Allies (and hence targets for the Germans) had more aircraft
    1. veteran66
      veteran66 April 30 2016 09: 26
      +9
      Quote: AK64
      its effectiveness is not least due to the abundance of goals: allied aircraft

      Well this is generally something))) Was he, like, a duck hunt? the British and the French, too, did not catch butterflies in the air, and among them were excellent pilots.
      1. AK64
        AK64 April 30 2016 09: 58
        -2
        this is generally something)))

        If there are no goals, then whom to shoot down?
        Was he like a duck hunt? the British and the French, too, did not catch butterflies in the air, and among them were excellent pilots.

        You would rather grin than look at the list of Richthofen's victories. He is on the net. (Anyway, it would be worth learning how to use Google). I am too lazy to consider, but about half of those shot down by Richthofen are double scouts.

        The large British air corps was, as it were, not half of the reconnaissance / close bombers.
        1. Verdun
          Verdun April 30 2016 11: 00
          +1
          I am too lazy to consider, but about half of those shot down by Richthofen are double scouts.
          Do not be lazy. At least in order to find out that at the beginning of the First World War it was two-seater cars that formed the basis of the fleet of the warring countries. The fighter as such was formed already during the Second World War and the production of single-seat vehicles increased along its course.
          1. AK64
            AK64 April 30 2016 12: 40
            +1
            Do not be lazy. At least in order to find out that at the beginning of the First World War it was two-seater cars that formed the basis of the fleet of the warring countries. The fighter as such was formed already during the Second World War and the production of single-seat vehicles increased along its course.


            I’ll also tell you what I have said several times before: learn to finally use Google! It will change your life. And you will stop taking time from busy people.

            In this case:
            (1) Richthofen's first victory on September 17, 1916 --- it is very difficult to call it "the beginning of the war"
            (2) he failed on that day FE2b (and it’s exactly this type of aircraft, and this is a scout, he only shot down 1916 pieces in 6, and besides there are pretty BE2 scouts)
            1. Verdun
              Verdun April 30 2016 13: 50
              +1
              on that day, he flunked FE2b (and indeed of this particular type of aircraft, and this is a scout, he only shot down 1916 pieces in 6
              I explain.

              Although the FE2b was a fairly large and heavy aircraft, it successfully resisted the Fokker. The best ace of Kaiser aviation of the first period of the war Max Immelman died on June 18, 1916 over Lens in a battle with FE2b from the 25th squadron.
              1. AK64
                AK64 April 30 2016 14: 07
                +2
                The FE2b was a fairly large and heavy aircraft, it successfully resisted the Fokker.


                Photo of the "detailing fortress"
              2. AK64
                AK64 April 30 2016 14: 11
                +2
                And this is the defensive weapon of the "flying fortress": TWO Lewis.
                1. Verdun
                  Verdun April 30 2016 14: 26
                  +1
                  And this is the defensive weapon of the "flying fortress": TWO Lewis.
                  Judging by your comment, Albatros D.III had an incredible superiority in armament. I have to disappoint you.
                  2 × 7,92 mm synchronous machine gun LMG 08/15 "Spandau"
                  1. AK64
                    AK64 April 30 2016 15: 17
                    +1
                    Judging by your comment, Albatros D.III had an incredible superiority in armament. I have to disappoint you.


                    Why did I give you a photo? You still have a graphics card that doesn’t work ...

                    HOW will the airplane on the photos defend itself from an attack from the back hemisphere?
                    1. Verdun
                      Verdun April 30 2016 15: 32
                      +1
                      HOW will the airplane on the photos defend itself from an attack from the back hemisphere?
                      Probably, I will reveal a terrible secret for you, but during WWI there were cases when the pilots fired at each other, even from personal weapons. Watch the movie "Ace of the Aces". Although a comedy, in the sense of air combat, everything is shown quite correctly there. But that's not the point. And the fact that FE2b was inferior to Albatros D.III in speed is not so much - about 25 km / h. And in the hands of an experienced crew, it became a completely combat-ready aircraft, capable of going into the enemy's tail and attacking.
  8. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 30 2016 08: 49
    +4
    beautiful illustrations. Good article - I read it with pleasure! Thank!
  9. AndreyVCh
    AndreyVCh April 30 2016 08: 52
    0
    I always considered Petr Nikolaevich Nesterov to be the best pilot and he died not because the raven relaxed considering ...
    1. Retvizan
      Retvizan April 30 2016 16: 47
      +1
      What about Evgraf Kruten?
      In general, Nesterov made a ram precisely because of the actions of scouts and not armed with airplanes.
      Each film is the life of a soldier! Every enemy scout is a potential grave digger of thousands of our soldiers. This is the question of the downed scouts ..
      Nesterov generally piloted well. But early death cut short everything.
      And he never got automatic rifles from the warehouse.
  10. Voodoo
    Voodoo April 30 2016 08: 53
    +4
    However, according to the results of research by historians and experts, Richthofen was shot at once from several directions, including from the ground: infantrymen and a machine gun. And there is an assumption that after all he was killed from the ground: the fatal bullet entered the back diagonally from the bottom ... And the fact that the Canadian allegedly shot him down is the official version, so to speak, to raise his own significance.
  11. Verdun
    Verdun April 30 2016 09: 28
    +7
    But on April 21, 1918, the baron relaxed a little, just a little bit, for a couple of seconds
    The moment of the death of the baron is described completely incorrectly. A whole hunt was arranged for him, and if you carefully study the materials, in the last battle, twelve cars hunted at once - five French and seven English. Two aircraft pretended to be a victim, luring a German ace, and the rest were actually ambushed at different distances. Concerning the one who nevertheless killed Manfred von Richthofen, to this day there is no complete clarity. The situation looks something like this:
    It is currently believed that Richthofen was killed by an anti-aircraft machine gun, possibly by sergeant Cedric Popkin of the 24th machine gun company [4]. Popkin was the only machine gunner to shoot at the Red Baron before he landed. Also, many Australian infantrymen fired at Richthofen, and one of them could have made a fatal shot. The Royal Air Force officially announced that the Red Baron was shot down by the pilot Brown, however, with such a wound, Richthofen could not live for more than 20 seconds, and Brown did not fire during this period before landing. The fact that the bullet at the exit got stuck in the uniform also more likely indicates that it was a bullet from the ground at the end.

    Recent studies of the circumstances of the death of the baron prove that Popkin could not kill him, because, by his own admission, he shot the baron “in the forehead”, and Richtofen, as is known, was wounded in the right side. Therefore, the only person who was able to kill the baron was the volunteer infantryman of the Australian army Evans.
  12. Verdun
    Verdun April 30 2016 10: 24
    +6
    A curious fact. Manfred von Richthofen began his military combat career on the Eastern Front. But not a single victory was won there. He writes about the reasons for this in his diary, claiming that Russian aviation was so small that for all his flights he never once met with Russian planes in the sky. True, Richthofen praised the quality of Russian anti-aircraft artillery, while mentioning that it was also extremely small. At this point, it is worth paying attention to those who like to polemicize on the subject of developed industry and the well-armed Russian army on the eve of the First World War.
  13. bbss
    bbss April 30 2016 11: 23
    +2
    Sergeant Popkin ... Absurdity is like a watermelon peel at the Bolshoi Theater.

    At the same time, one should not be surprised that during the WWI, losses among flight personnel were extremely high. Cloth-plywood shelves with low speed, without armor and rescue equipment - a great goal and a sure way to kill ...
    1. Retvizan
      Retvizan April 30 2016 16: 51
      +3
      Losses during landings were large.
      Aviation was just beginning its steps then, and military airplanes began a rapid evolution ... in a couple of years the look itself has changed a lot. And the air battle was changing before our eyes.
  14. iv.ionov
    iv.ionov April 30 2016 13: 49
    +6
    First of all, he is a SOLDIER, a WARRIOR and the showdown about who is right and who is to blame is another topic! I am always tormented by the question, why some are exalted and admired, others are cursed and not seen? Why about Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Genghis Khan, etc., etc. they say they were great commanders, geniuses of military skill, and how far all these geniuses "fell" from Hitler with their like-minded people, they ruined the people, too, not measure, so what's the matter ??? Why, some great commanders, and others villains! !! ??? NOT clear! request request request
    1. Retvizan
      Retvizan April 30 2016 16: 57
      +5
      Philosophical question.
      I note that soldiers have always been admired and set an example. And there are even more successful warriors / military leaders for a long time. And so to think in fact a successful warrior, he killed many others (and not always warriors) and military leaders even more.
      Philosophically - "we honor murderers, but only neutral ones or our own." Because there is a need / necessity / desire in humanity to fight / kill / defend.
      And the moment that fame overshadows actions. And the winners are not judged .. in general, we are all human beings and this is inside us. Entire treatises are written.
  15. Disorder
    Disorder April 30 2016 13: 55
    -2
    He painted the plane in red, beat it the most - and you are the best PMV pilot. lol
    And the Frenchman Rene Paul Fonck with 75 victories and the Englishman Edward Mannock with 73 and William Bishop with 72 so-so - just went out to fly.
    According to some reports, 20 victories of Richtofen are simply attributed, and in their number it is already inferior to Ernst Udet.
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I April 30 2016 14: 19
      +4
      Don’t worry so much! Wait a minute and your story will reach your favorites! We will discuss it with pleasure!
      1. Disorder
        Disorder 1 May 2016 00: 10
        +1
        It is unlikely that history will reach them. They did not paint the plane red.
    2. Verdun
      Verdun April 30 2016 14: 42
      +1
      According to some reports, 20 victories of Richtofen are simply attributed, and in their number it is already inferior to Ernst Udet.
      By the way, many pilots of that war - and the Red Baron is no exception - treated the number of those shot down quite calmly. So calm that Manfred’s brother, Lothar von Richthofen, was considered almost a butcher. Manfred himself describes his brother's behavior quite critically. Say, well, he shot down one opponent, and he’s good, but this two, or even three, tries to fill up ...
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 April 30 2016 19: 58
        +1
        He won his first air duel on September 17, 1916 in the Cambrai region. After that, he ordered a friend’s jeweler silver cup engraved with the date of the battle and the type of shot down airplane. When blockages with silver began in besieged Germany, Richthofen had 60 such cups.
        1. Verdun
          Verdun April 30 2016 21: 15
          0
          Richthofen had 60 such cups.
          So after all, he was a baron, he could afford. For me it’s no worse than crosses or stars painted on the fuselage.
  16. motorized rifle
    motorized rifle April 30 2016 14: 44
    +1
    To begin, let us give the floor to the very subject of discussion:

    "... In air combat, the main thing is not at all in the ability to master all kinds of tricks, but only in the personal abilities and energy of the pilot. He, of course, must know how to twist all these loops, but this skill does not in any way guarantee him shot down airplanes I believe that everything consists precisely in the aggressive spirit, and this spirit is strongest among us, the Germans, and therefore we always have superiority in the air.

    The French have a different character. They like to set traps and attack the enemy stealthily. Of course, it’s difficult to do this in the air, only beginners are caught on such a bait - you can’t hide an airplane in the air. Invisible airplanes have not yet been invented. But sometimes, Gallic blood naturally manifests itself anyway, and the French attack violently. Alas, the fighting spirit of the French is just lemonade, there is no fortress in it.

    The British, on the contrary, as someone noticed, is nevertheless closer to us in blood. They are athletes by nature, and they also see only sports in flying. They enjoy perfect looping, back flips and other tricks to the delight of the soldiers watching from the trenches. All of these exercises can impress the stadium audience, but fortunately, something else is appreciated in war. War requires the highest preparation, not airborne curbets. And that is why the blood of English pilots so often drips directly from the sky ... "

    This is where the feet of the Nordic Aryans grow, and a proud man always falls! And as a result, this red fighting cockerel was hit with a bullet (in any case, I really want to think so), an ordinary infantry machine gunner, who is not a carrier of the great German spirit! What a passage! In general, I recommend reading his opus written on vacation in 1917. Much will become clear in the psychology of this war lover. It would be possible to write a lot about tactics and, most importantly, about the Fokker, which he flew, but believe me, I don't want to. but I want to say the following: a fan of fighting, no matter what nationality, cannot be a normal person, killing is a disgusting occupation and if a person likes it, and he definitely liked the war, he himself wrote: "... I am becoming a butcher ...", it can be for someone a knight or a great warrior, but for me and as I think for any normal person, it is scum.
    1. Verdun
      Verdun April 30 2016 15: 01
      +4
      then it can be for someone a knight or a great warrior, but for me, and as I think for any normal person, this is scum.
      Any ordinary person in peacetime deserves the death penalty for the acts that soldiers and officers commit during the war. And the knights, by the way, too. War does not paint anyone. As for discussions of the spirit — no matter what, German or French, English or Russian — we all love to seem better than we really are.
    2. gladcu2
      gladcu2 April 30 2016 16: 42
      +2
      motorized rifle

      Interestingly you made a conclusion.

      Scum. On the one hand, you are right. It may be true to correctly characterize this word. Given that with such a clear advantage of owning air combat, the Red Baron becomes just a killer athlete. Then, yes - scum.

      But on the other hand, in the conditions of the army, there is also no right to refuse to fulfill one's duties.
    3. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh April 30 2016 20: 20
      +6
      And if the German passages (completely ordinary) belonged to a Russian fighter pilot? -
      You would choke with delight and admire every word.

      Richthofen is a good pilot. He was born German and fought for his country.
      He would be born in Canada or Russia - he would fight for these countries.
      1. alexej123
        alexej123 1 May 2016 02: 21
        0
        Few case colleague, when I agree with the opinion of a resident of the "Promised Land". You're right. And the photo of his funeral confirms this. Such an opponent is worthy of at least respect and military honor.
      2. The comment was deleted.
  17. RoTTor
    RoTTor April 30 2016 17: 05
    +2
    Material - bold minus.
    A wonderful and psychologically verified film about him "RED BARON".
    In World War I, an unspoken but unconditionally implemented chivalric code of conduct was in effect among pilots of the warring states.
    In the film, and there is.
    Alas, then this was not. The German fascists were the first to break it, among them were Red Baron colleagues - Goering and his cousin Richthofen.
    I am sure that the Red Baron would not have come to court in fascist aviation.
  18. Retvizan
    Retvizan April 30 2016 17: 07
    +1
    Soldier of the sky PMV. Lucky warrior before meeting with the bullet. German. The catchy red color of the airplane.
    Probably the last is why he is most remembered.
  19. Fanagor62
    Fanagor62 April 30 2016 19: 15
    +1
    Yes, Richtofen is undoubtedly a hero. But not our hero. Who cares, they will learn about him, if they want, and without the "Military Review". Let the publicists of the Bundesfer write about him. Much more appropriate would be an article about E. Kruten or A. Kazakov.
  20. Olezhek
    Olezhek April 30 2016 19: 23
    +1
    A rare shot of the Baron on a bicycle and his colleagues. Young guys, most of whom died. on a meaningless and deliberately lost war.


    With the last statement I would argue ...
    1. Molot1979
      Molot1979 24 October 2016 07: 39
      0
      Well, argue. Justify a winning strategy for Germany, which itself got into a war on two fronts. And before the war, she did everything in her power to turn Russia into a bitter enemy from the very beginning, quite friendly.
  21. Olezhek
    Olezhek April 30 2016 19: 25
    +1
    What can I say, the legend of aviation ...
  22. hohol95
    hohol95 April 30 2016 19: 52
    +2
    He was a good pilot! BUT LATER WAS ALSO BETTER !!!
    “Richtofen decided to become a pilot after a chance meeting with the famous ace Oswald Böhlke. Later Richthofen served with Böhlke in the Jasta 2 squadron. the date of the battle and the type of airplane shot down.When interruptions in the supply of silver began in besieged Germany, Richthofen had 17 of these cups.

    Like many other pilots, von Richthofen was terribly superstitious: he would never fly on a mission without receiving a kiss from his beloved. This superstition quickly spread among military pilots. "
    One word - GERMAN !!! Pilot - SPORTSMAN! Awards, honors, GLORY !!!
  23. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn April 30 2016 19: 54
    +3
    And what is this "note of a captured partisan"? Where is the old VO level? Eh, the wrong articles went ... The wrong ones ...
  24. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 3 May 2016 18: 23
    0
    A good article about one of the great air fighters. It’s a pity that it slipped into a political battle ...
  25. yehat
    yehat 4 May 2016 15: 16
    +1
    many evaluate pilots by dry numbers from history, but many pilots were much more than banal air killers. Hartman and several other German ace pilots unanimously say that when they went to aviation, they did not think that they would try to bring down as much as possible, they just wanted to represent their country in the sky, to protect it with honor. The Red Baron, too, did not go to aviation for the sake of hunting for scalps. Remember that he was a pioneer and innovator in a number of aspects of the operation of the air unit, in air tactics. He, one of the few well-known officers, openly declared at the end of the war that it needed to be stopped. We must not forget about the chivalrous rules that tried to adhere to his regiment, his efforts. For example, the Red Baron had a negative attitude towards the completion of combat-poor aircraft. Only a complete picture will allow you to see who he was and thereby honor his memory.
  26. kig
    kig 5 May 2016 14: 57
    0
    The author, since he began to write about history, should have searched and read more sources, and then he would have learned that not everything is so clear in the death of the Baron. For example, here is what the English-language Wikipedia writes (the translation is not literal, but in your own words).

    Brown commanded a squad on the patrol that day. The flight included a young pilot named May, who was Brown's school friend. Brown ordered May to stand aside and watch if an enemy appeared. Brown's patrol was attacked by Richthofen's squad, which also included a young pilot, and this young man was Baron's cousin Wolfram. Naturally, he received the same assignment - to stay away. These two "outsiders" and found each other and grappled. Soon, May was in the thick of the fray and began to rush from side to side, shooting anywhere, until his weapon refused. He dived to the ground, the Baron chased him, and Baron Brown chased him. Brown gave only one short burst on the Baron, as he was forced to sharply out of the dive. The Baron, having come under fire, abruptly maneuvered, but continued to pursue May at a low altitude. Subsequently, those who investigated these events noted that if the Baron had already been wounded at that moment, he could hardly have maneuvered so. In the course of such a chase, May and Baron found themselves over the trenches of the allies, from which neither was fired upon. Researchers Frank and Bennett (they wrote the whole work "The Last Flight of the Red Baron") suggested that the Baron at that moment lost his orientation, otherwise he would not have climbed into an area saturated with allied infantry. In addition, the front line in those days changed sharply. The machine gunners of the Australian corps fired directly at the Baron, who, presumably, hit him. Specifically called a certain Sergeant Cedric Popkins. By the nature of the wound, it was difficult to understand which side the bullet came from, and the caliber of the aircraft and infantry machine guns was the same.

    Brown himself in his report called the Baron's attack "indecisive", that is, ineffectual. However, his commander corrected the report to write "decisive" and Brown became the official winner of the Baron. He went to his funeral and wrote in his diary "I had a lump in my throat. If he were my best friend, my grief would be exactly the same."

    Subsequently, Brown shot down several more enemy aircraft, becoming an ace. But Baron, of course, did not even come close to the result. But he was a very good commander and was known for not losing a single pilot.
  27. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 6 May 2016 17: 28
    0
    none of the pilots of the anti-German coalition could come close to the result achieved by the 26-year-old "red devil" in the era of wooden "whatnots".
    I would like to refute these words of the author. The fact is that just the First World War showed that with equal tactics, technical capabilities and the number of sides, the result of victories for fighters will be equal.

    The Germans have the best aces:
    Tungsten von Richthofen - 80,
    Erns Udet - 62,
    Eric Lowenhardt - 54,
    Karl Almenroeder - 61.

    Then the French:
    Rene Fonck - 75 (he is almost like Richtogfen!),
    Charles Noungesser - 43,
    Felix Madok - 41

    And the British:
    Bill Bishop - 72 (also close to Richtogfen!),
    Mick Mannock - 60,
    Raymond Collichow - 59,
    Jace McCadden - 57.

    Quote: kig
    Researchers Frank and Bennett (they wrote the whole work "The Last Flight of the Red Baron") suggested that the Baron lost his bearings at that moment, otherwise he would not have climbed into the area saturated with allied infantry.
    Well, this is a feature of the battle - he escaped from an unexpected attack, and then thinking about where the front line is the tenth thing. He saw a dense fire and tried to return to German positions but got a bullet in the chest from the ground (this is unambiguously in terms of ballistics, the question is simply from which particular regiment).