Military Review

Modernization of the MiG-31 in Nizhny Novgorod

67
Fighters modernized in Nizhny Novgorod will protect Russian interests in the north


In the modern Russian army, the MiG-31 fighter-interceptor is not just in demand, but is a key element of the modern anti-aircraft defense system of the country. In connection with the exacerbation of the struggle for Arctic resources and the changing international situation, it has become necessary to strengthen the northern borders of Russia.

However, despite the interest of the Russian Ministry of Defense, it was very difficult to resume production of the MiG-31: time and financial costs were too great, the production chain that had existed since Soviet times was destroyed. Therefore, before the Nizhny Novgorod aircraft factory "Sokol", as the only manufacturer of these aircraft, the task was set: to carry out a quality overhaul and carry out work on their modernization.



The aircraft that arrived at the overhaul and modernization, literally disassembled to screw.



Specialists of NAZ "Sokol" carry out its fault detection, repair, paint, install new purchased components, assemble it again and transport it to the factory airfield, from where it returns to the system after testing. At the same time, the combat capabilities of aircraft increase substantially, mainly due to the installation of new weapons.





The MiG-31 is a long-range interceptor, which was created to protect air borders in areas with a limited radar field. It is able to work autonomously, as well as to block the front at a distance of up to 1000 km with a group of four aircraft interacting with each other. These tasks, except for him, are currently not performed by any other aircraft.



Vladimir Kirasirov, the first deputy technical director of the NAZ “Sokol”, is responsible for the modernization of the MiG-31:
“We first encountered the specifics of repair work in the 90s, when we made the first comprehensive bulletin on the MiG-31 in connection with the new weapon system. Then about four dozen vehicles were refined. We partially performed repair work - eliminated the visible cracks and dents. "





“By the time the first contract was signed with the Ministry of Defense for the modernization of the MiG-31, we had mastered such a line of business as a serial overhaul. The first MiG-31 for modernization came to the plant in 2007 year. OKRovskie work on them was conducted under the guidance of specialists of the corporation’s engineering center MiG ", and then, when the aircraft went into series, the factory specialists developed the technical conditions, the design and operational documentation.
At the same time, NSC "Sokol" is the main developer of documentation for the implementation of repair production, and all aircraft repair plants involved in the execution of the contract on the MiG-31, use our documentation, adapted for themselves. "





“When we started doing this in the 2013 year, only the names of non-reproducible products, systems, we had about 41 positions. And this list included, for example, products such as the KN-25 navigation system, which itself includes more than 40 blocks. Now there are 7-8 left behind such products. At the same time, the vast majority of them have a road map, so we gradually solve this problem. "





"Within the import substitution program, components of Ukrainian production are changing. This list is not long, this year we will be able to replace them. So, at present, only a few components from Kazakhstan remain in the list of non-Russian production PKIs."





"Organic glass, from which the lights were made before, is no longer produced, and their service life has already expired. The glass breaks, turns yellow, because of which visibility is seriously deteriorated, and it no longer has its original properties. Today we are installing new lights made of silicate triplex.
This is a real glass, it is more expensive, but it is stronger and has better properties than organic glass. Such glasses used to be placed only on spacecraft. Now, after installing them on the plane, the MiG-31 is again able to fly at any speed laid down in the design. "







MiG-31 today is one of the unique examples of long-lived aircraft. For more than 35 years of service, he not only did not lose his combat potential, but also increased it through deep modernization. Created by OKB them. A.I. Mikoyan in the early 1970s of the last century, he still provides Russian aviation parity in arctic latitudes.



In total, Sokol NAZ has launched more than 450 MiG-31 interceptors, of which around 350 are still in service with the Russian VKS.

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  1. Hagakure
    Hagakure April 27 2016 06: 00
    +21
    Posters and agitochki are still Soviet ...
    1. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn April 27 2016 06: 38
      +6
      And the stars are not erased when stripping paint)))
      1. Wild_grey_wolf
        Wild_grey_wolf April 27 2016 09: 13
        +15
        Positive photo story. Many thanks. As if touched a piece of brilliant scientific thought. . . Soviet period.
        1. crazyrom
          crazyrom April 27 2016 15: 37
          0
          Somewhere I read that the Mig-31 can accelerate to 3500 and almost to 4000km / h, but could not withstand the glass. After such a test, the pilot had to cut out with a saw, the glass melted. Interestingly, with a new silicate glass - maybe the maximum allowed speed will increase?
          1. wow
            wow April 27 2016 17: 52
            +2
            Not certainly in that way. After acceleration and flight to max. speed had to (on the MiG-25) very carefully, according to the scheme to reduce the speed, in order to avoid unnecessarily rapid cooling of the glazing of the lantern due to the possible appearance of thermal cracks. It was the "peak" of the lantern that suffered especially. Balkhash airfield, SAVO Air Force, Kazakh SSR, 1985-1993
            1. Cossack 471
              Cossack 471 April 27 2016 21: 20
              0
              and I shot from the Balkhash site 9 air defense missiles with 200 vega in 1980. I was the commander of the starting platoon. firing was on a target rocket rm 5b
      2. qwert
        qwert April 27 2016 14: 43
        +2
        Quote: cth; fyn
        And the stars are not erased when stripping paint)))

        Duc, a Soviet plane, does not want to part with them
      3. demchuk.ig
        demchuk.ig April 27 2016 17: 36
        +2
        Quote: cth; fyn
        And the stars are not erased when stripping paint))

        We are not Ukraine, so that the stars can be erased, and so they do not want to be erased!
    2. svp67
      svp67 April 27 2016 09: 32
      +14
      Quote: Hagakure
      Posters and agitochki are still Soviet ...

      Not only that, there Ilyich is standing in the hall and does it somehow interfere with work? Or is something wrong written on those posters?
    3. qwert
      qwert April 27 2016 14: 43
      +2
      Quote: Hagakure
      Posters and agitochki are still Soviet ...

      And with them the Soviet quality, which is two orders of magnitude higher than the Russian
    4. solovald
      solovald April 28 2016 06: 03
      +2
      Nostalgia ... "Quality mark", USSR inscriptions. It is gratifying that next to the whitened gray-haired masters there is a young growth ... there is, there is continuity ... so, hold on to the adversary. am
    5. washi
      washi April 28 2016 13: 30
      0
      Quote: Hagakure
      Posters and agitochki are still Soviet ...

      Like people.
      In the photo of youth is not visible
  2. bad
    bad April 27 2016 06: 22
    +17
    Quote: Hagakure
    Posters and agitochki are still Soviet ...
    ..I personally warm this soul good nostalgia.. crying
    1. Xpyct89
      Xpyct89 April 27 2016 07: 45
      +8
      And Lenin is watching over everything there)
  3. ProtectRusOrDie
    ProtectRusOrDie April 27 2016 06: 29
    +5
    Quote: bad
    Quote: Hagakure
    Posters and agitochki are still Soviet ...
    ..I personally warm this soul good nostalgia.. crying

    Personally, I have these posters today - they are associated with something slightly naive and kind (like films with Smirnov, Nikulin and many other Soviet artists)

    Squeezing such feelings ....
    1. demchuk.ig
      demchuk.ig April 27 2016 17: 39
      +1
      Quote: ProtectRusOrDie
      Personally, I have these posters today - they are associated with something slightly naive and kind (like films with Smirnov, Nikulin and many other Soviet artists)

      Only the equipment produced a very serious and not good for everyone!
  4. dFG
    dFG April 27 2016 06: 32
    +10
    Soviet campaign materials are not a hindrance, but the reduction of irreproducible positions from 41 to 7-8 is the result
  5. lwxx
    lwxx April 27 2016 06: 34
    +4
    I am glad that they put new lights. The plane is handsome, so many years and in service!
    1. Locksmith
      Locksmith April 27 2016 07: 54
      +2
      Quote: lwxx
      I am glad that they put new lights.

      It seems that just the lights limited his maximum speed, now they’ll probably catch up! good
      1. gray smeet
        gray smeet April 27 2016 10: 58
        +3
        When they land at the factory airfield, you can see the pilot ... And taking off heels out different things, sometimes I leave my work for 10 minutes to look at the air show. Power is amazing, a beautiful bird!
      2. qwert
        qwert April 27 2016 14: 47
        0
        Nope. Lanterns held up to 3200 ksm / h. on the MiG-25's.
    2. qwert
      qwert April 27 2016 14: 46
      +1
      Quote: lwxx
      I am glad that they put new lights. The plane is handsome, so many years and in service!

      Quote: dfg
      Soviet campaign materials are not a hindrance, but the reduction of irreproducible positions from 41 to 7-8 is the result

      And about plexiglass for lights. Ragozin stated. that his technology has been lost. Like this. No one knows and does not remember how it was made. Survived. Now we put expensive triplexes. It's good that they found a replacement, but it's expensive. It’s one thing for piece Burans, another thing for fighters.
  6. mark1
    mark1 April 27 2016 06: 36
    +2
    Good reporting, interesting information on the lanterns. And with the quantity in service, they probably missed a little - not 350 but unfortunately only 120 out of 250 in storage.
  7. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov April 27 2016 06: 45
    +2
    MIG-31 will still give everyone about ....... me!
    1. Berg berg
      Berg berg April 27 2016 12: 06
      0
      need to write gave and will continue to give on face! With increased quality!
  8. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn April 27 2016 06: 51
    -4
    Interestingly, and if such an aircraft is made on the basis of the hypertrophied t-50 glider, how will its characteristics change with the acquisition of a stealth glider?
    1. V.ic
      V.ic April 27 2016 07: 16
      +3
      Quote: cth; fyn
      hypertrophied glider

      "The meaning of the word Hypertrophied according to Ozhegov:
      Hypertrophied - Exposed to hypertrophy; overly exaggerated. "
      This should not be done. The geometric dimensions determine the performance characteristics of the aircraft.
      Quote: cth; fyn
      How will its characteristics change with the acquisition of a stealth glider?

      For the worse, naturally.
      MiG-31 is the development of the MiG-25. When the Americans began to dismantle the plane hijacked by Bilenko to Japan, the biggest surprise for them was that the MiG-25 was made of steel. Why steel? Guess three times ...
      1. Forget
        Forget April 27 2016 08: 08
        0
        Quote: V.ic
        Why steel? Guess three times ...

        and if it is made of carbon fiber .... I wonder what will happen ...
        1. Tibidokh
          Tibidokh April 27 2016 10: 47
          +3
          Quote: Forget
          Quote: V.ic
          Why steel? Guess three times ...

          and if it is made of carbon fiber .... I wonder what will happen ...

          That on the MiG-25, that on the MiG-31, steel was used for three reasons.
          1. The fuselage is a power element of the MiG-31 glider. Heats up very much during the flight.
          2. Management on the MiG-31 is mechanical (not EDSU). Therefore, the rods are "hidden" in the middle of the steel fuselage.
          3. The layout of the MiG-31 is not at all integral. These are the Su-35 and T-50 "licked". This is where the polymer is present in the glider. You look at how the airframe elements are articulated with the fuselage on the MiG-31, will polymer allow this to be done ?!
          hi
        2. alex_tec
          alex_tec April 27 2016 14: 07
          0
          burn to hell in dense layers of the atmosphere
      2. cth; fyn
        cth; fyn April 27 2016 08: 16
        0
        Strength, ductility, thermal conductivity?
        And I thought you could do it as a su 34, the same one also has a glider from su 27, only more.
        1. ROMANO
          ROMANO April 27 2016 10: 32
          +1
          Quote: 31rus2
          Dear, apparently the bet was made on the T-50, so they did not resume production


          Rather, it is too difficult to restore the production chain, to find production specialists (estimate the age of the workers in the photo), and there are still not so few gliders themselves.

          Regarding the T-50, it is conceptually too much different from the MiG, and, alas, it will not be able to fully replace it. Only to supplement, which, however, is quite reasonable.
    2. Alex_T
      Alex_T April 27 2016 08: 11
      +9
      MIG-31 is primarily an interceptor with a powerful radar for active independent search for targets in areas where, due to climatic conditions, there are no ground observation stations. There is no point in making it invisible if your own radar shines like a spotlight in the night.
  9. inkass_98
    inkass_98 April 27 2016 07: 32
    +1
    And the MiGs are being repaired in Krasnodar easier, at 275 ARZ. MiG-21,23,29, as well as Su-27 of all modifications. Well, at the same time they are trying to revive the L-39. So in vain foreign owners of these cars turn to non-brothers, everyone has already seen the result.
  10. Alex_59
    Alex_59 April 27 2016 07: 40
    +2
    It's good that NAZ is alive. I am glad that in the country of victorious management, complex high-tech industries are alive. Photos are good - the workshops are light and clean. The good news is that the repair is so deep - actually creating a new side.
  11. zyablik.olga
    zyablik.olga April 27 2016 08: 19
    +4
    I read with pleasure to become, but all the favorable impression was blurred by this phrase:
    In total, NAZ Sokol has released more than 450 MiG-31 interceptors, of which about 350 are still in service with the Russian Aerospace Forces.
    To cheat, so why? No.
    1. Alex_59
      Alex_59 April 27 2016 08: 47
      +3
      Quote: zyablik.olga
      To cheat, so why?

      Journalists are the same. They do not deceive, they simply do not go into details - they wrote off the figure from Wikipedia.

      At 01.01.2009, in combat units, there were 184 MiG-31 aircraft of all modifications.
      How much is stored - no data.
      1. Bongo
        Bongo April 27 2016 09: 25
        +2
        Quote: Alex_59
        Journalists are the same. They do not deceive, they simply do not go into details - they wrote off the figure from Wikipedia.

        At 01.01.2009, in combat units, there were 184 MiG-31 aircraft of all modifications.
        How much is stored - no data.


        Alex, good afternoon!
        Since 2009, this number has decreased to 150 units. It seems to me that not all of them are in flight condition. At least in Yelizovo, the number of flying MiG-31 has greatly decreased.
        1. Alex_59
          Alex_59 April 27 2016 09: 51
          +2
          Quote: Bongo
          Since 2009, this number has decreased to 150 units. It seems to me that not all of them are in flight condition. At least in Yelizovo, the number of flying MiG-31 has greatly decreased.

          Yes, of course it has been reduced, they’re not making new ones. But here in Perm, there is a noticeable increase in the number of freshly painted sides after overhaul. It seems like with modernization. They fly constantly, periodically with guest performers, but you should not disclose details. smile
          1. Alex_59
            Alex_59 April 27 2016 10: 03
            +2
            Speaking of lights. Check out how it looks in reality:
            http://russianplanes.net/id167684

            In the background 24 with the old glazing, followed by a new one. Then one more with the old, and the farthest with the new. This is exactly what the article says about old yellowed lights and replacing them with new ones.
            1. lelikas
              lelikas April 27 2016 11: 28
              0
              Quote: Alex_59
              about the old yellowed lights and replacing them with new ones.

              I thought it on purpose, such as a filter from the sun .... :(
        2. Alex_59
          Alex_59 April 27 2016 10: 13
          0
          Quote: Bongo
          It seems to me that not all of them are in flight condition. At least in Yelizovo, the number of flying MiG-31 has greatly decreased.

          We have about 24-26 boards in Perm. Of these, approximately 16-18 constantly fly. This can be seen in the regularly appearing photos of spotters. Those. This aircraft is guaranteed operational and combat ready - 70% of the nominal number. The condition of the rest is difficult to establish - perhaps on conservation, maybe the regulations are not carried out, waiting in line.
          Accordingly, if we assume that in other parts the situation with the MiG-31 fleet is no worse, then on the wing we have 105 MiG-31 from 150. But I think those that do not constantly fly, but are in parts, can be revived quickly enough. Unlike those in Rzhevka, it’s more like scrap metal.
        3. WUA 518
          WUA 518 April 27 2016 17: 00
          +2
          Quote: Bongo
          The number of flying MiG-31s ​​has greatly decreased.

          Hello Seryozha. Over 4 years, 110 aircraft will be repaired and modernized. In addition to Sokol, 514 plants in Rzhev are involved in this. By the way, there are 70 aircraft in storage and 40 in Lipetsk. So the numbers converge.
    2. uskrabut
      uskrabut April 27 2016 09: 27
      0
      so they mislead the alleged adversary
      1. Bongo
        Bongo April 27 2016 09: 35
        +1
        Quote: uskrabut
        so they mislead the alleged adversary

        Come on, it's not a secret for "potential partners". For example, in the Far East, there are three operating airfields where fighters are based. You can stupidly count them all from the satellite.
  12. 31rus2
    31rus2 April 27 2016 08: 21
    0
    Dear, apparently the bet was made on the T-50, so they did not resume production
  13. magician
    magician April 27 2016 08: 30
    +1
    good article and photo! I had a chance to look at the overhaul of SU25, I saw and thought: it is impossible to assemble anything from this designer! But no, they gathered and flew away under their own power. winked
  14. dmitrii.safonov.dm
    dmitrii.safonov.dm April 27 2016 08: 30
    +2
    Quote: Forget
    Quote: V.ic
    Why steel? Guess three times ...

    and if it is made of carbon fiber .... I wonder what will happen ...

    Most likely it will burn !!! At such speeds, overloads, high-altitude flight, CFRP is resting! And made of cheap steel titanium.
  15. uskrabut
    uskrabut April 27 2016 09: 19
    +2
    The plane is gorgeous. Production cannot be restored most likely due to the loss of allied suppliers of components after the collapse of the Union. Well, at least they decided to upgrade, more birds fly.
  16. Gennady85
    Gennady85 April 27 2016 10: 03
    0
    Why steel? Guess three times ...
    Why?? what
    1. dudinets
      dudinets April 27 2016 10: 24
      0
      at the speeds at which this plane flies duralumin melts. I heard that it is forbidden to touch the lantern during the flight from the inside, in order to avoid burns.
  17. abc_alex
    abc_alex April 27 2016 12: 01
    0
    Quote: uskrabut
    The plane is gorgeous. Production cannot be restored most likely due to the loss of allied suppliers of components after the collapse of the Union. Well, at least they decided to upgrade, more birds fly.


    The biggest obstacle is the engines. Has anyone heard of the production of the new D-30F6? Other components are still easier to recover than these unique motors.

    Quote: Gennady85
    Why steel? Guess three times ...
    Why?? what


    Price. At its speeds, when heated, aluminum alloys change the mechanical properties. An alternative is titanium. But then the plane turned out to be golden. He is not small, he will be later than the Su-27.
    1. Kasym
      Kasym April 27 2016 18: 55
      +1
      Someone wrote (VAF in my opinion) that about 1000 units were left in reserve engines. So that's enough for the MiG-31. hi
      Duralumin (construction) does not withstand speeds of more than 2,5M; therefore, the MiG-31 is titanium-steel.
  18. Kenneth
    Kenneth April 27 2016 12: 56
    0
    Why do they fight so often.
    1. dvina71
      dvina71 April 27 2016 20: 26
      +1
      Quote: Kenneth
      Why do they fight so often.

      Not so often. In addition to possible technical reasons, there is one more. They are very difficult to control at low speeds. Pay for the highest maximum.
      The most difficult element is take-off and landing. My acquaintance, flew 25x, says that after a week off, you must again get access to flights and under the control of a ready pilot make several flights to restore the skill.
  19. Falcon5555
    Falcon5555 April 27 2016 15: 05
    0
    In the last photo, they did not intend to take a third person into the crew. He sits behind the cockpit on the fuselage with a mop. Is he really going to fly, on horseback and with a mop. laughing
  20. AlexA
    AlexA April 27 2016 15: 48
    +1
    [quote = abc_alex] The biggest obstacle is the engines. Has anyone heard of the production of the new D-30F6? [[Quote = abc_alex]
    For new - I will not say. But their production in Perm is preserved.
    At least, repairs are able to do.
  21. parafoiler
    parafoiler April 27 2016 18: 18
    0
    The third shot from below is the MiG-29ub ... Not the 31st ...
  22. parafoiler
    parafoiler April 27 2016 18: 20
    0
    Mig-31, that for pilots, that for techies, the plane is a fairy tale.
  23. jurikberlin
    jurikberlin April 27 2016 18: 20
    0
    excellent report! it is very pleasing that quite a lot of young workers.
  24. Glagol1
    Glagol1 April 27 2016 19: 28
    0
    Thanks to the author, of course, well done!
  25. CRASH
    CRASH April 27 2016 20: 27
    0
    Neither modernization! One "skeleton", well, God grant him another 20 years to stand guard over the borders!
  26. proud
    proud April 27 2016 22: 49
    0
    Great reporting! Particularly pleased was the Soviet very well-groomed symbolism, and most importantly the monument in the workshop of Vladimir Lenin, which is in excellent condition, while it does not bother anyone at all! Marina You are a young man!
  27. cedar
    cedar April 28 2016 16: 38
    +1
    There is life in the old dog yet!
    There would be more such articles from various defense enterprises, where they restore the past and create new power for our armed forces.
  28. Mikhail Matyugin
    Mikhail Matyugin April 28 2016 22: 35
    0
    MiG-31 is sometimes called the "King of the Air" for a reason. Really.
    By the way, I don’t know something of its analogues from planes of NATO countries, can anyone tell me? or they don’t have a comparable class of cars?
  29. kondrat13
    kondrat13 1 May 2016 02: 57
    0
    These pepsikol stars are furious. We must still return the red stars.
  30. masiya
    masiya 1 May 2016 17: 44
    0
    An excellent plane, an excellent factory - "you can't see the youth" - so you look at the salaries at the "SOKOL", for that kind of money, young people won't go, it will be better to trade managers ...