Military Review

The Prosecutor General’s Office notes the growth of crimes of a terrorist nature. Russian citizens fight in the Middle East and train in militant camps

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The Federation Council received a report from the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation, Yuri Chaika. The attention of Yuri Chaika attracted such a serious threat to the national security of the country as the growing number of crimes of a terrorist nature. According to the General Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation, over the past 2015, the number of crimes of a terrorist nature has increased by 36,3%. Over the past year, 1538 crimes of a terrorist nature were registered in the Russian Federation. It is significant that the main gain was not given by terrorist acts (which pleases), but by crimes falling under article 208 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation “Participation in illegal armed groups”). Over the past year, 1008 registered such crimes. The number of facts of training in the training camps for terrorists and militants established by law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation has also sharply increased. In 2014, 76 was identified in such cases, in 2015, in 245.


In fact, these figures are quite understandable. They are associated with the intensification of international terrorist organizations operating in the Middle East, primarily in Syria. It is not a secret that not only people from the countries of the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, but also citizens of the Russian Federation take part in the hostilities in Syria on the side of all sorts of radical extremist religious organizations. It is known that foreign radical organizations whose cells operate illegally, including on the territory of Russia and are periodically “covered” with special services, are actively recruiting supporters from among the citizens of the Russian Federation, first of all - the youth. The main "core" of the Russian supporters of the IG and other radical organizations banned in the territory of the Russian Federation are the militants of the groups operating in the republics of the North Caucasus. As a rule, they come from these republics. Many of the North Caucasian radicals temporarily ceased activity on the territory of the republics and went to Syria to fight on the side of local radical organizations. In September, representatives of the Russian special services announced 2015 the approximate number of citizens of the Russian Federation and other post-Soviet republics (as a rule, Central Asian countries) fighting on the side of the IG banned in Russia. It was about five thousand people at that time. Of these, 2400 people are citizens of the Russian Federation. This is a very significant and alarming figure for Russia. According to some information, the number of Russian citizens is 8-10% of the total number of militants of the IG.

The Prosecutor General’s Office notes the growth of crimes of a terrorist nature. Russian citizens fight in the Middle East and train in militant camps


It should be noted here that for many Russian citizens professing radical trends in Islam, leaving for Syria is not associated only with the war. The land of Syria for Muslims is sacred. Many young and not so much people, having perceived the propaganda of foreign emissaries, tend to emigrate to the territory controlled by the IG in order to build their lives in accordance with the ideas about the ideal from their point of view, the righteous structure of society. And we are talking not only about immigrants from the republics of the North Caucasus, but also about ethnic Russians. Widespread fame история with Varvara Karaulova, a student from Moscow, who was detained on the Turkish-Syrian border with a group of citizens who intended to penetrate into Syria. Later Varvara Karaulov was handed over to employees of the Russian special services. As it turned out, Barbara - an educated girl from an intelligent family, who seemed to have a great future in the scientific world, decided to go to Syria, yielding to the entreaties of her lover. And there are not so many such Russian girls. Moreover, the act of Barbara Karaulova, who was just about to get into Syria, is the most innocent in comparison with the activities of other “wives” of supporters of radical fundamentalist views. For example, in January 2016 in Rostov-on-Don, security forces detained three very young girls - 25-year-old Natalia G., 20-year-old Victoria S. and 21-year-old Tatyana K. They were suspected of preparing for terrorist Act on the territory of the city - in one of the major shopping centers. As a result of a search conducted at the girls ’place of residence, explosives and religious literature were discovered, which was sent for examination, in order to determine whether it was extremist. Rostov journalists, who contacted a relative of one of the detained girls, learned that Natalya had taken radical views under the influence of her husband Said. By the way, relatives refused to help the girl at that time - they said that "let him sit and grow wiser."

In the autumn of 2015, criminal cases were instituted against young women who raised funds to finance radical organizations. According to media reports, the group was led by a former student of the Astrakhan Medical Academy, Daria I., who left for Syria with her husband. Three of her comrades - a native of Dagestan, who worked in the market of the city of Makhachkala - directly engaged in raising funds for the needs of a radical organization. Another student of the Astrakhan Medical Academy named Saeed was also charged with financing a terrorist organization.

A serious problem for Russia could be the return of militants who fought in Syria and Iraq to their homes. Officials of the North Caucasus republics have repeatedly voiced how many militants from the region are fighting in the Middle East. So, December 9 2015, the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Dagestan, Abdurashid Magomedov, said that according to the Interior Ministry, in Syria, about 900 natives of Dagestan are fighting. According to the minister, all men fighting in Syria are on the federal wanted list. By the way, it is interesting that many of them left for Syria with their families - their wives and children. That is, it is obvious that they hoped to settle in the territories occupied by the radicals for a long time. According to the media, about 500 people went to Syria from Chechnya, 50 of whom were returned home. Criminal proceedings were initiated against 311 immigrants from the republic who are in Syria. 6 April 2016 Deputy Minister of the Interior of Kabardino-Balkaria Kazbek Tatuev reported that according to the republican Interior Ministry, more than 130 women from the CBD, including 28 women, are in the ranks of radical organizations in Syria. Since the outbreak of the armed conflict in Syria, twenty residents of Kabardino-Balkaria have died there. There are in Syria and people from other republics of the North Caucasus and Volga regions.

The most dangerous is the appearance of cells of the forbidden IG in the North Caucasus. It is known that part of the North Caucasian underground swore allegiance to the IG, on whose behalf even a number of terrorist acts were committed in the republics of the North Caucasus, primarily in the southern regions of Dagestan. The danger of transferring to the Russian land the experience of participating in hostilities in Syria was emphasized in one of his speeches by President Vladimir Putin. However, federal and republican law enforcement agencies are taking active steps to counter the activities of radical organizations in the territory of the Russian Federation. Back in mid-December, 2015, director of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, Alexander Bortnikov, stated that during the years 20 from 26 leaders of radical groups operating in the North Caucasus and swearing allegiance to the IG were killed. At the same time, many active militants have left the territory of Russia and other post-Soviet republics and are currently in Syria and Iraq, beyond the reach of Russian law enforcement agencies.



Some immigrants from Russia and the former Soviet republics made a great career in the ranks of radical organizations in Syria. An active role in the activities of radical organizations in Syria, and not only the IG, but also Dzhebhat an-Nusra, is played by immigrants from Georgia, more precisely, from the Pankisi gorge, a compact place of residence for Georgian Chechens - Kistinians. From May 2013, the military leadership of the IG units was carried out by one Abu Umar ash-Shishani. The real name of the native of the Pankisi Gorge is Tarkhan Batirashvili. For some time he served in the armed forces of Georgia, from where he quit for health reasons. Over the past three years, the world's media have repeatedly (at least twelve times) reported on the alleged death of Abu Umar al-Shishani. 15 March 2016 of the death of Shishani was officially announced by the representative of the Pentagon, however, the IG was quick to refute the words of a senior American official. 21 March on the death of Shishani reported one of the Iraqi TV channels. But this information remained unverified.

International extremist organizations orient themselves, first of all, towards young people, positioning themselves as a new promising religious and social project capable of "changing life for the better." Against the background of disappointment in the socio-political and economic situation in their own republics and regions, many young people are becoming greedy for radical ideas and readily accept them. The field of propagandists of radical organizations becomes the Internet, first of all - social networks. On the expanses of the "world wide web" emissaries of foreign extremist structures and recruit new supporters - from those who are willing to help the radicals with money to the direct perpetrators of terrorist acts.

In April, an anti-terrorism meeting was held in Rostov-on-Don, in which it was reported, in particular, that 2016 had blocked thousands of accounts on the Internet lately, propaganda of extremist views and terrorist activities was carried out. Russian law enforcers are actively taking up the monitoring of social networks precisely because there are many pages and communities that promote radical views and communicate their followers. At the same time, social networks facilitate not only the work of propagandists of radical organizations, but also the work of the special services. After all, accounts are quickly established, they allow to track the approximate circle of persons involved in extremist activities. Many supporters of extremist organizations come to the attention of law enforcement agencies precisely because of their active presence in social networks.
Most often, supporters of radical organizations penetrate into Syria through Turkey. It is Turkey that in recent years has become the main transit for supporters of the Islamic State and other banned organizations, and the Turkish authorities, who formally declare their desire to fight terrorism, in fact do not pose real obstacles to the penetration of militants into Syria. Of course, sometimes in order to maintain a positive image of the country, groups of supporters of radical organizations on the Turkish-Syrian border can linger, but against the backdrop of thousands of people penetrating Turkey to Syria, dozens of detentions look far from convincing. In addition to Turkey, another “transit” of radicals to Syria is Saudi Arabia, since it is to this country that millions of people from all over the globe come to pilgrimage. Lost among them groups of radicals worth nothing. In order to prevent citizens of the Russian Federation from going to the Middle East and other regions of the world to join radical and terrorist organizations, in March 2016 was Deputy Head of the Main Directorate for Countering Extremism of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation Vladimir Makarov announced an interesting proposal - to ban those suspected of involvement in extremist activities travel outside the Russian Federation. Also, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation proposes to draw up a list of countries, the departure to which will require certain justifications from Russian citizens traveling there. First of all, we are talking about the countries of the Middle East, Turkey, some states of South Asia and Africa.



As for the citizens of the Russian Federation returning to their homeland after participating in the Syrian conflict on the side of radical organizations, they are subject to criminal prosecution. Throughout 2015-2016. in most regions of southern Russia, trials were conducted in cases of citizens who fought in Syria on the side of banned organizations. In the autumn of 2015, the Prosecutor General Yuri Chaika announced 650 criminal cases initiated in connection with the revealed facts of the participation of Russian citizens in the ranks of illegal armed groups participating in hostilities in Syria and Iraq. However, as practice shows, the majority of participants in such formations are sentenced by the courts to short terms of imprisonment - usually in the region of two to three years, with a sentence being served in a penal colony. But at the same time, one should not hope that the tendency of Russians to leave for Syria to take part in hostilities on the side of extremist organizations can be defeated only by toughening criminal responsibility and strengthening control of the special services and law enforcement agencies. Extremism is a social problem in the first place. The presence in the republics of the North Caucasus, and in Russia as a whole, numerous unsolved social problems pushes young and not-so-young people into the arms of the radicals. Emissaries of extremist organizations find an attentive audience among young people who are offended by life and have not found themselves in their own republics or regions.
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  1. Aleksander
    Aleksander April 27 2016 06: 29
    +7
    May all Russian militants remain in Syria. In her land.
    1. Alexander 3
      Alexander 3 April 27 2016 06: 56
      +2
      They don’t love their land, let them love someone else’s, and no one will come to their grave.
      1. Vladimir.z.
        Vladimir.z. April 27 2016 07: 51
        +5
        Back in 2013, from a passenger car passing me, I personally heard songs in Russian calling on the Slavic brothers to join the black banners of the Caliphate and throw off the crosses from churches ... I talked about this with local cops, but they don't see it and don't hear it like that as early. they are not Orthodox ...... And now passing by the school I often see how black-haired schoolchildren show the blond-haired "cutting off the head" gestures that are shown in the news ..... And all this in central Russia ...
        I believe that media outlets actually advertise extremism.
        1. Stirbjorn
          Stirbjorn April 27 2016 09: 42
          +3
          Quote: Vladimir.z.
          Back in 2013, from a car passing me, I personally personally heard songs in Russian calling on the Slav brothers to enter under the black banners of the caliphate and to drop crosses from churches ......

          in 2013, Isil was just one of a myriad of Islamic groups with a big name. You may have heard the song of the Chechen jihad singer Timur Mutsuraev. Well, he is very popular among Caucasian youth, and with a prior with numbers corresponding to the regions, his songs sound loudly. You still offer knives and injuries to prohibit them from wearing. Well, it’s our citizens, as is customary to say, that the capital’s institutes act as exemplary students, the state policy is such, why should I be surprised
          1. Vladimir.z.
            Vladimir.z. April 27 2016 21: 06
            0
            Quote: Stirbjorn
            ... You still offer knives and injuries to prohibit them from wearing. Well this is our citizens ....


            If they are legally worn then let them wear .... I'm not talking about that. I’m talking about the fact that police officers and what’s especially worrying, the chief of the regional departments openly cover their co-religionists .... I don’t know who the singer was, but if he was a jihad singer Timur Mutsuraev, then more than two dozen songs were recognized by him as extremist in 2010, and I described the fact that took place in 2013, and this speaks not only about the incompetence of the employees of this law enforcement structure, but about their criminal negligence or even more .....
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 April 27 2016 07: 16
    +1
    Extremism is a social problem in the first place.

    And right away, with a snap - not solvable. A lot of time will pass and a lot of blood will be shed.
  3. Th1rt3en
    Th1rt3en April 27 2016 07: 22
    +3
    Here, besides social injustice, there is another factor. The war in Syria, whatever they say, has acquired a confessional connotation. The alphabet of Al-Assad, Hezbollah, Iran, as well as the Iraqi and Afghan Shiites on the one hand and the Sunnis on the other. Therefore, in the eyes of the entire Sunni world, Russia is fighting on the side of the "munafiks" against the "real" Sunni Muslims. And in our country, almost all Muslims are Sunnis.
    1. Th1rt3en
      Th1rt3en April 27 2016 18: 17
      0
      Of course, Alavit Al-Assad))) AutoCorrect worked)))
    2. user
      user April 28 2016 11: 50
      0
      Here, in addition to social injustice, there is another factor.


      This is especially evident in the FSIN system, they even sit in jamaats there, this applies to representatives of the North Caucasus (the most interesting is the ratio to the total number of prisoners in Moscow, for example) and that the most interesting administration of these institutions is trying to play this.

      The result, I think, will not be long in coming.
  4. Fox
    Fox April 27 2016 07: 24
    +2
    Emissaries of extremist organizations find an attentive audience among young people who are offended by life and who have not found themselves in their native republics or regions.
    og ... but why are we silent about education? Studying at universities they become extremists ... life didn’t work out? Or do teachers help? Molechin also studied at Moscow State University. Well learned. How many teacher-agents of influence?
    1. ilyaros
      April 27 2016 07: 30
      +2
      Duc students have always been greedy for radical ideas, back in the 19th century. In Latin America there is even a saying like "A peasant's son plus a university equals a revolution" ...
    2. Th1rt3en
      Th1rt3en April 27 2016 08: 05
      +3
      In general, strangely enough, in the Muslim republics, many people prefer religious education to secular. And where are the main Muslim religious institutions? In Saudi Arabia. This is where the main supporters of Wahhabism in Russia come back from.
  5. Million
    Million April 27 2016 07: 36
    +2
    But are borders not protected in Russia? Or is there no control over the departure of citizens abroad?
  6. a001126
    a001126 April 27 2016 07: 42
    +2
    released from prison for crimes ter. directions must be put on administrative supervision in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, ringed with electronic bracelets to control movement
  7. cap
    cap April 27 2016 07: 43
    +1
    “The presence in the republics of the North Caucasus, and in Russia as a whole, numerous unresolved social problems pushes young and not so people into the arms of radicals. Emissaries of extremist organizations find an attentive audience among young people who are offended by life and have not found themselves in their native republics or regions . "

    Here I am about the same.
    Some on the ground take away money, others go trite to earn money. am
  8. Holsten
    Holsten April 27 2016 07: 47
    +1
    It is impossible to imagine such a thing in the USSR: a pioneer, Komsomol organization from school, history and social science teachers, political officers in the army - work with young people was carried out constantly, and there was a special department for "progressive democratic" propaganda.
    1. Th1rt3en
      Th1rt3en April 27 2016 08: 07
      +4
      In the USSR, the grass was greener, but almost all the "hot spots" of the current CIS appeared under the USSR (Transnistria, Ossetia, Karabakh, Central Asia). Memory is a selective thing, it keeps only the best memories.
  9. evgmiz
    evgmiz April 27 2016 09: 03
    +3
    Quote: aszzz888
    Extremism is a social problem in the first place.

    And right away, with a snap - not solvable. A lot of time will pass and a lot of blood will be shed.

    It’s necessary to at least begin to solve it: create existing social elevators, start the fight against poverty and unemployment, stop creating the state oligarchic system, and start the fight against the substitution of laws by money ...
    1. pigkiller
      pigkiller April 27 2016 09: 51
      0
      Tell me, are you telling this to whom? We then completely agree with you.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. Bulrumeb
    Bulrumeb April 27 2016 10: 38
    0
    However, as practice shows, the majority of participants in such formations are sentenced by the courts to short terms of imprisonment - usually in the region of two to three years, with the sentence being served in a general colony.

    But this is complete idiocy and raises big questions for our judicial system and the system of execution of sentences. Planting terrorists, especially with such religious views in the common area - is utter stupidity. Is the first day known that they create new cells in the zones ???
  12. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 April 27 2016 10: 40
    +1
    The policy of the Russian leadership is focused on big business.
    To youth she does not care.
    And young people have a whole life ahead of them.
    So they are looking for ways to fight for their future ...
  13. Platonich
    Platonich April 27 2016 15: 00
    0
    It has long been an impression: in our average deputy corps there are only terrorists who are ruining our children and our people !!!
  14. Lord blacwood
    Lord blacwood April 27 2016 15: 34
    0
    In order to solve the problem of terrorism in the Russian Federation you need:
    1) To conduct explanatory lessons in educational institutions, to explain to young people that Islam does not teach what IS and its accomplices do.
    2) Use influential preachers for the same work with the population.
    3) To engage young people. Idle youth are easy prey for extremists.
    And then it will not be necessary to shout about thousands of terrorist accounts and recruiters.
  15. Vasili09
    Vasili09 April 27 2016 15: 37
    0
    oh this Seagull, there are enough of our compatriots in the East of Ukraine, but he forgot about them, probably buried already
  16. Sergey333
    Sergey333 April 27 2016 15: 52
    0
    Quote: Million
    But are borders not protected in Russia? Or is there no control over the departure of citizens abroad?

    And you, dear, find the border with Kazakhstan, for example, does it physically exist ??
  17. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn April 27 2016 20: 49
    0
    Former prisoner on how radical Islam is entrenched in camps and prisonshttps: //lenta.ru/articles/2016/04/27/djamaaty_v_turme/