Military Review

Thirty years of the Chernobyl disaster. Memories of Fire Heroes

98
April 26 marks thirty years of a scary date for our country and other former Soviet republics - the disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. The consequences of this tragedy the world remembers and “reaps” until now. More than 30 thousands of people were evicted from the 115-kilometer exclusion zone around the nuclear power plant. In December 2003, the United Nations General Assembly decided to declare 26 April as the International Day for the Remembrance of Victims of Radiation Accidents and Disasters. Today, on the day of commemoration of the events at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, first of all, I would like to tell you about the people who were the first to fight a terrible and previously unknown disaster - a fire at a nuclear reactor. We are talking about firefighters who are no longer alive. All of them received enormous doses of radiation and died, giving their lives so that others could live.

On that terrible night from 25 on 26 on April 1986, 176 people worked in four blocks of the nuclear power plant. These were duty staff and maintenance workers. In addition, 286 builders were on two blocks under construction - construction proceeded at an accelerated pace and it needed to be completed as early as possible, so the workers worked during the night shifts. In the 1 hour of the 24 minute two powerful explosions were heard in the fourth power unit. The emerging ozone glow clearly testified to the colossal radiation emitted from the reactor. As a result of the explosion, the reactor building collapsed. Two people died. The main circulating pump operator Valery Hodemchuk was never found, his body was inundated with fragments of two 130-ton drum separators. Vladimir Shashenyok, an employee of a commissioning enterprise, died of a spinal fracture and body burns at 6.00 in the Pripyatsk medical unit.

Already in 1 an hour of 28 minutes to the scene of the accident - the fourth unit of the nuclear power plant - the duty guard of the militarized fire unit No. 2, guarding the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, arrived. The crew of the crew included 14 firemen, commanded by the guard of the guard, lieutenant of internal service Vladimir Pavlovich Pravik (1962-1986). Nachkar was a very young man 23 years old. In 1986, he should have turned 24 of the year. Life was just beginning, Lieutenant Pravik had a young wife and daughter. Four years before the disaster, in 1982, he completed his studies at the Cherkassy Fire and Technical School of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs and was released as a lieutenant of internal service. Pravik was appointed head of the guard at the paramilitary fire department No. 2 of the Internal Affairs Department of the Kiev Regional Executive Committee, which specialized in fire protection at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

Under the command of Pravik, the firefighters of HPV-2 began to extinguish the roof of the engine room. However, the 2 th HPV guard force was clearly not enough to fight the fire. Therefore, already at 1 an hour of 35 minutes, personnel and equipment of the HRPC-6 guard from Pripyat - 10 firefighters commanded by lieutenant of internal service Viktor Nikolaevich Kibenko (1963-1986) arrived at the scene of the incident. Like Vladimir Pravik, Viktor Kibenok was a very young officer. 23-year-old lieutenant of internal service only in 1984 graduated from the same as Pravik Cherkassy Fire and Technical School of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs, after which he was assigned to the guard of the 6 paramilitary paramilitary fire department of the Department of Internal Affairs of the Kiev Regional Executive Committee, engaged in fire protection in the city Pripyat. By the way, Kibenok was a hereditary firefighter - his grandfather and father also served in the fire department, his father had state awards for the courage shown in extinguishing fires. Victor inherited the courage of his older relatives. People Kibenko started to fight the fire on the roof, climbing the outdoor fire escape stairs.

At 1 an hour of 40 minutes, the chief of the militarized fire unit No. 2, who was guarding the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the major of the internal service Leonid P. Telyatnikov (1951-2004), arrived at the scene of the incident. Unlike Kibenko and Pravik, Telyatnikov was not a native of Ukraine. He was born in Kazakhstan, in the Kustanai region, and therefore entered 1968 in the Sverdlovsk Fire and Technical School of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs, which he graduated with honors. Then he graduated from the Higher Engineering Fire Engineering School in Moscow, for some time he worked in the Kustanai fire brigade. In 1982, the city of Telyatnikov was transferred to the Kiev region of the Ukrainian SSR, where he began serving in the fire department guarding the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. In 1983, he was appointed head of the paramilitary fire unit number 2 for the protection of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. When the accident occurred, Telyatnikov was on vacation, but in a few minutes he got ready and rushed to the crash site. Under his personal leadership, reconnaissance and fire fighting were organized.

Despite the fact that the firefighters did not have dosimeters, they were well aware that they were working in a zone of high radioactive radiation. But for officers and firefighters, HPV-2 and UHFS-6 had no other choice, because they considered it their duty and honor to join the battle with the consequences of a terrible explosion. Fire extinguishing continued until 6 hours 35 minutes. In five hours of fighting with a terrible fire, the guard of firefighters eliminated the main fires in the area around 300 square meters. The fire brigade leadership that arrived at the scene of the accident was well aware that the fire brigade, the first to fight the fire at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, was practically suicide bombers. They received extremely high doses of radiation and needed prompt medical assistance, although she could hardly help them. Already in the morning of April 26, the fire brigade calculations and their officers were sent to Moscow for treatment. Among the sent for treatment were Telyatnikov, Pravik, Kibenok, other firefighters HRHR-2 and HRHR-6.

Thirty years of the Chernobyl disaster. Memories of Fire Heroes
- a monument to firefighters - liquidators of the Chernobyl accident

10 May 1986 in a hospital in Moscow died sergeant of internal service Vladimir Ivanovich Tishura (1959-1986), who served as a senior fireman in the HRPC-6 in Pripyat. Lieutenant Vladimir Pavlovich Pravik, who received an extremely high dose of radiation, was sent to the 6 Hospital of Moscow. Two weeks after the disaster, 11 May 1986, he passed away. Pravik, the lieutenant of the internal service, was just 23 of the year, he was left with the young wife Nadezhda and daughter Natalia. By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 25 September 1986, for courage, heroism and selfless actions shown in the liquidation of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, lieutenant of internal service Pravik Vladimir Pavlovich was awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously).
On the same day, 11, May 1986, in the 6 hospital of Moscow, Viktor Nikolaevich Kibenok died. To twenty-three-year-old lieutenant of internal service, Kibenk, who received an extremely high dose of radiation, 25 September 1986, by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from September 25, courage, heroism and selfless actions shown during the liquidation of the Chernobyl NPP accident were posthumously granted the title. Lieutenant Kibenko left young wife Tatyana.

Two days later, on May 13, 1986, the senior internal service sergeant Vasily Ivanovich Ignatenko (2-1961) also died in the hospital department. The 25-year-old firefighter was a master of sports of the USSR. He took the most direct part in extinguishing the fire. Vasily Ignatenko’s pregnant wife Lyudmila did not leave her husband in the hospital and, after receiving a dose of radiation, lost her child. Vasily Ignatenko was awarded the Order of the Red Star. In 1986, he was posthumously awarded the title Hero of Ukraine. 2006 May 14 died in the hospital internal service sergeant Nikolai Vasilievich Vashchuk (1986-1959), who served as commander of the guard section of the 1986 CHRP guard for the protection of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. 2 May 16, died Senior Internal Affairs Sergeant Nikolai Ivanovich Titenok (1986-1962) - firefighter UHFS-1986, Pripyat. He left his wife Tatiana and son Serezha.

The internal service major Leonid Petrovich Telyatnikov was more fortunate than his colleagues. He also received a high dose of radiation, but was able to survive. The boxer, the winner of the Sverdlovsk Fire and Technical School championship, Telyatnikov was a very physically strong man. Maybe it saved him. Like Kibenok, and Pravik, Major Telyatnikov was awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union. After treatment in Moscow, he moved back to the USSR - to Kiev, continued service in the Internal Troops of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. Perhaps it was Major Telyatnikov, who led the extinguishing of the fire on the roof of the fourth block, became the most famous "Chernobyl" not only of the Soviet, but also of international scale. Major Leonid Telyatnikova was even received at her residence by British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The British Union of Firefighters presented Leonid Petrovich with the medal “For Courage in Fire”. It Telyatnikov almost became the official representative of the firefighters who put out the fire at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, representing them at international and domestic events.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Leonid Telyatnikov served in the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, and in 1995 he retired as a major general in the internal service, affected by the health of the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Leonid Petrovich suffered from acute radiation sickness, he was operated on in the jaw, the face of the hero of Chernobyl was destroyed by the papilloma. In 1998, Telyatnikov headed the Voluntary Fire Association of Kiev. Leonid Petrovich died on December 2 2004 from cancer. Leonid Petrovich left his wife Larisa Ivanovna. One of Leonid Petrovich’s two sons, Oleg, followed in his father’s footsteps, having graduated from a fire school. The other, Mikhail, became a lawyer.
All in all, 85 firefighters who took part in extinguishing, near 50, firefighters were exposed to high levels of radiation and were hospitalized. Of course, the consequences of the liquidation of the Chernobyl accident subsequently affected the health and longevity of even those firefighters who were lucky enough to survive in the first months and years after the disaster.

- Major General Maksimchuk

Speaking about the liquidators of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, one cannot but mention the well-known figure of the national fire brigade - Major General Vladimir Mikhailovich Maksimchuk of the internal service. In the spring of 1986, Mr. Maksimchuk, then a lieutenant colonel of the internal service, served as head of the operational-tactical department of the Main Fire Department of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. He was included in the Government Commission for the Elimination of the Consequences of the Catastrophe and in early May 1986 was sent to Chernobyl to supervise the elimination of the consequences of the disaster. On the night of 22 on 23 of May 1986, a terrible fire started in the premises of the main circulation pumps of the third and fourth unit. As a result of the fire could have happened a terrible disaster, compared to which the events of April 26 would have seemed to be flowers! And it was to the share of Lieutenant Colonel Vladimir Maksimchuk that the direct leadership of extinguishing this terrible fire fell. Firefighting continued for 12 hours. When it came to an end, Lieutenant Colonel Maksimchuk, who had received a radiation wound on his leg, could hardly stand. With radiation burns of his lower leg and respiratory tract, he was carried on a stretcher to a car and taken to Kiev Hospital of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Fortunately, Vladimir Mikhailovich was able to survive. He even continued his service; in 1990, he was promoted to major general in the internal service, and worked as the first deputy head of the USSR Main Fire Department. The last place of his service was the position of head of the Moscow Fire Department, where he also did a lot to put out fires in the Russian capital. But the disease made itself felt. Eight years after the Chernobyl disaster, 22 in May 1994, General Maksimchuk died.

The elimination of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant has taken many years. We can assume that it is not actually finished to this day. Three weeks after the accident, 16 on May 1986, at a meeting of the government commission, a decision was made on the long-term preservation of the unit destroyed by the explosions. Four days later, the USSR Ministry of Medium Machine Building issued an order “On the organization of the construction management at the Chernobyl NPP”. In accordance with this order, work was begun on the construction of a shelter. Around 90, thousands of builders — engineers, technicians, workers — were involved in grand construction, which lasted from June to November of the year 1986. November 30 The 1986 of the fourth power unit of the Chernobyl NPP was accepted for maintenance. However, despite the construction of a shelter, radiation contaminated the vast territories of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia. In Ukraine, 41,75 thousand square kilometers were contaminated, 46,6 thousand square kilometers in Belarus, and 57,1 thousand square kilometers in Russia. The territories of the Bryansk, Kaluga, Tula and Oryol regions were the most polluted in Russia.

Work on the removal of power units of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant from operation continues, according to open sources in the media, up to the present. The Shelter, erected in 1986, should be replaced by a new safe confinement - a multifunctional complex, whose main task is to turn the Shelter into an environmentally safe system. A complete decommissioning of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is planned for the 2065 year. However, in view of the destabilization of the political situation in Ukraine as a result of Euromaidan, there are certain doubts that this work can be completed, especially in the political and economic conditions in which the Ukrainian state is today.
Author:
Photos used:
http://s-bat.ru/?p=567, http://www.moscowwriters.ru/
98 comments
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  1. PKK
    PKK April 26 2016 05: 57
    +36
    Eternal Memory to those who died from radiation! Honor and Respect to Courageous Rescuers!
    1. Enot-poloskun
      Enot-poloskun April 26 2016 07: 38
      +17
      The main thing is that Chernobyl never repeats itself! Eternal memory to the heroes - Chernobyl!

      But I'm worried ... Ukraine is going to buy American fuel for Soviet nuclear power plants. They are incompatible ...
    2. Bobxnumx
      Bobxnumx April 26 2016 14: 42
      +6
      EARTHBOW! Eternal memory to the Heroes of Chernobyl!
  2. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 26 2016 06: 13
    +19
    Eternal Memory to Chernobyl Firefighters !!! Real Heroes are the first Heroes of that Holocaust ....... Keep quiet. Remember.
    1. Imperialkolorad
      Imperialkolorad April 26 2016 08: 28
      -5
      Quote: Volga Cossack
      Eternal Memory to Chernobyl Firefighters !!! Real Heroes are the first Heroes of that Holocaust ....... Keep quiet. Remember.

      Apparently they see so decommunization ...
  3. Uncle Murzik
    Uncle Murzik April 26 2016 06: 15
    +12
    the guys have done their duty to the end! write in the media that in Ukraine "Chernobyl victims" are deprived of benefits!
    1. Egoza
      Egoza April 26 2016 08: 29
      +8
      Quote: Uncle Murzik
      write in the media that in Ukraine "Chernobyls" are deprived of benefits!

      I confirm.
      By his decree, the head of Ukraine declared 2016 the year of honoring the participants in the liquidation of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident and the memory of the victims of the Chernobyl disaster that happened there on April 26 of 1986.

      But as it turned out, the government of Arseniy Yatsenyuk did not prepare the corresponding program, moreover, it eliminated various social programs in support of the liquidators of the disaster, the disabled and the families of Chernobyl victims.

      True, Groisman has already said that the "date" should be returned, but ... the budget is not included, and the lists will be revised how many people are left there, and in general. maybe someone illegally received, and part of the land has already been cleared, so why pay .... In short, "we remember, but we will save on you."
      1. avt
        avt April 26 2016 12: 05
        +2
        Quote: Egoza
        ... the budget is not included, and the lists will be revised, how many there are still alive, and in general. maybe someone illegally received, and part of the land has already been cleared, so why pay .... In short, "we remember, but we will save on you."

        request What kind of Chernobyl victims! Healthy people are thrown out into the street!
        The management of the Kharkov Tractor Plant (KhTZ) motivates the dismissal of workers by the need to stabilize their financial situation and reduce costs, including for non-production personnel.

        The order states that employees who do not agree to move to another place of work will be dismissed in accordance with Article 40 of the Code of Labor Laws of Ukraine (termination of an employment contract at the initiative of the owner or his authorized body).
        But that of the Svidomo’s scammers has a reinforced concrete trump card to see Putin’s hand in the castle
        According to information from various sources, the owners of KhTZ are offshore companies that are associated with Russian businessman Oleg Deripaska. In particular, upon approval of a settlement agreement (KhTZ is currently undergoing bankruptcy), the creditors committee consisted of legal entities controlled by Deripaska's business structures.
        wassat
    2. 0255
      0255 April 26 2016 10: 05
      +4
      Quote: Uncle Murzik
      the guys have done their duty to the end! write in the media that in Ukraine "Chernobyl victims" are deprived of benefits!

      In Belarus too.
    3. Bramb
      Bramb April 26 2016 10: 35
      +5
      Under the Association Agreement, all benefits, without exception, must be canceled. Including not only Chernobyl victims, but also Afghans, disabled people, etc.
      It is directly registered there. Themselves jumped for it.
    4. Rastas
      Rastas April 26 2016 10: 58
      +1
      And what else to expect from the monetarists in power? All according to the precepts of Friedman and Sachs.
  4. parusnik
    parusnik April 26 2016 06: 16
    +11
    From our city, "Chernobyl victims" are almost gone .. They died. Eternal memory to them and everyone else ..
  5. PKK
    PKK April 26 2016 06: 29
    -6
    They saved me from vodka from radiation. But I was tormented by doubts, I thought that there should be an excellent way of salvation. And I recently found out about it. Dry fasting! After physiological dry fasting, 11 days, a person becomes immune to radiation, does not take his radiation and life expectancy increases The healthy cells of the stomach begin to use the excited affected cells for nutrition, thereby increasing their strength. Use. Health Everyone!
    1. Darkness
      Darkness April 26 2016 06: 36
      +4
      Have you tried it yourself? What was the radiation power?
      1. PKK
        PKK April 26 2016 06: 52
        0
        The question is more serious than you think. The experiments were conducted by Stavropol students over experimental animals. This is a common practice. And I believe the results. I personally reached 5 days, this is not enough, but it was enough to cure the ulcer. It is desirable to relate to starvation easily, it lies in us from Nature and you need to use it.
        1. cth; fyn
          cth; fyn April 26 2016 07: 46
          +3
          Dry fasting is it without water or what? And the fact that a person will die and thirds without extending this starvation is not a fact? Although the dead radiation is already on the side, so it is logical.
          1. PKK
            PKK April 26 2016 10: 07
            -5
            A man is such a beast, can withstand everything, not all the abilities are revealed yet. And 11 can withstand any day. And the goal is very tempting, rejuvenation, the main disposal of larvae. Young people are not interested, and so health has nowhere to go. And then the topic becomes relevant. The process itself interesting when the body goes on absorption and stops sweating. It takes moisture from the air, all sorts of other energies. Very interesting by the way.
            1. Mik13
              Mik13 April 26 2016 15: 21
              +4
              Quote: PKK
              After physiological dry fasting, 11 days, a person becomes immune to radiation, does not take his radiation and increases his lifespan. Healthy cells of the stomach begin to use the affected affected cells for nutrition, thereby increasing their strength. Use. Health Everyone!

              Quote: PKK
              A man is such a beast, can withstand everything, not all the abilities are revealed yet. And 11 can withstand any day. And the goal is very tempting, rejuvenation, the main disposal of larvae. Young people are not interested, and so health has nowhere to go. And then the topic becomes relevant. The process itself interesting when the body goes on absorption and stops sweating. It takes moisture from the air, all sorts of other energies. Very interesting by the way.

              KINDLESS
              And in the next topic, the PKK wrote:
              Quote: PKK
              Only a rigid vertical with regulatory authorities will work and bring results. We note that the banner of the East is white, which means that they are subordinate to the Western GP (Global Predictor).


              PKK, drop your GP (Global Predictor) and go to the RP (District Predictor Psychiatrist). Your seasonal exacerbation has worsened.
          2. PKK
            PKK April 26 2016 10: 07
            -3
            A man is such a beast, can withstand everything, not all the abilities are revealed yet. And 11 can withstand any day. And the goal is very tempting, rejuvenation, the main disposal of larvae. Young people are not interested, and so health has nowhere to go. And then the topic becomes relevant. The process itself interesting when the body goes on absorption and stops sweating. It takes moisture from the air, all sorts of other energies. Very interesting by the way.
            1. Bramb
              Bramb April 26 2016 10: 41
              +4
              Quote: PKK
              The process itself is interesting when the body goes on absorption and stops sweating. It takes moisture from the air, all sorts of other energies

              "Any other energies")))) - everything is clear with you.
              I have no more questions. (C)
    2. Bramb
      Bramb April 26 2016 10: 39
      +3
      The principle of "saving" from radiation is simple: the removal of radionuclides by replacing them with other, non-radioactive ones.
      Those. need to speed up the metabolism. Therefore, red wine helps, worse vodka and best of all, cholinesterase. And starvation will only aggravate the situation.
      I will not put a minus. I’ll wait when you give reasoned arguments in defense of your hypothesis. Really curious.
      1. PKK
        PKK April 26 2016 10: 56
        -4
        The hypothesis is not mine. This is popular information after studies of normal adequate physicians. Http: //syhoegolodanie.com/sukhoe-golodanie. Everything is ingeniously simple, not available to the average person. I passed your first quote for sarcasm.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    3. aleks_29296
      aleks_29296 April 26 2016 12: 32
      0
      They were saved from radiation by vodka.


      The effect of radiation on water, of which a person basically consists, has been scientifically proven. Vodka dehydrates the body, thereby reducing the effect of radiation on it, and the use should occur before irradiation. This does not mean that vodka is a cure for radiation, but there is some truth in these words.
      1. PKK
        PKK April 26 2016 14: 26
        0
        I didn’t especially notice that vodka would dehydrate, according to the experience of the last 50 years. The mechanism of radiation is different. But I won’t tell, the wise men will zamusutut.
      2. The comment was deleted.
        1. tank64rus
          tank64rus April 26 2016 14: 40
          +3
          Vodka, wine is better dry red form complex compounds with radionuclides that are excreted from the body. But all this works for a very limited time. Then it is useless since radioactive particles settle in the body and this no longer works. Therefore, on the Premier League give a glass of dry red wine per day.
          1. PKK
            PKK April 26 2016 15: 05
            +1
            This is how American spies scorch: A spy tells a Russian that vodka dehydrates the body! It is clear that Pseudo-Russian does not know the properties of vodka and freely interprets them. Here, please, you can already take pseudo-Russian for its gills.
        2. tank64rus
          tank64rus April 26 2016 14: 40
          0
          Vodka, wine is better dry red form complex compounds with radionuclides that are excreted from the body. But all this works for a very limited time. Then it is useless since radioactive particles settle in the body and this no longer works. Therefore, on the Premier League give a glass of dry red wine per day.
    4. avt
      avt April 26 2016 17: 16
      +4
      Quote: PKK
      ! After physiological dry fasting, 11 days, a person becomes immune to radiation, does not take his radiation and life expectancy increases

      wassat In 11 days?
      Quote: Darkness
      Have you tried it yourself? What was the radiation power?

      I believe! After 11 days of real dry fasting, this radiation of poher, like earthly life itself, immediately goes on to eternity.
  6. ovod84
    ovod84 April 26 2016 06: 29
    +4
    Eternal memory, Homeland must not forget its heroes
    1. wandlitz
      wandlitz April 26 2016 06: 47
      0
      Remember 26 April ...
  7. ImPerts
    ImPerts April 26 2016 07: 09
    +5
    It seems to me that in Fukushima the disaster will be more painful than in Chernobyl. But everyone is silent, silent. And Chernobyl is shoved into all the cracks.
    This in no way diminishes the feat of people who eliminated the consequences of the accident.
    1. Spitfire
      Spitfire April 26 2016 07: 53
      +9
      Fukushima is dangerous in that all nuclear fuel is still there and can still prove itself in an unfavorable situation. In Chernobyl, at the time of the catastrophe, there was actually a nuclear explosion, which threw up high into the atmosphere and adjacent territory up to 90% of the fuel from the reactor.

      "However, despite the construction of the shelter, radiation contamination has befallen vast territories of Ukraine, Belarus and Russia. In Ukraine, 41,75 thousand square kilometers were contaminated, in Belarus - 46,6 thousand square kilometers, in Russia - 57,1 , XNUMX thousand sq. Km. The territories of Bryansk, Kaluga, Tula and Oryol regions were subjected to the greatest pollution in Russia. "

      Pollution has spread not only to these countries, the upstream flows have spread all over the globe, even through the USSR it has reached the United States. And this is precisely at the time of the accident, and not because the shelter is so bad that it passes radiation.
    2. Atomist
      Atomist April 26 2016 09: 20
      +3
      The consequences could be even worse than at Chernobyl. Thank God Fukushima accident did not happen so quickly, there was enough time to more or less establish cooling of the core and burn out the generated hydrogen. At the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the reactor capacity increased 1000 times in a split second. And all ... Eternal memory to the Heroes.
    3. Bramb
      Bramb April 26 2016 10: 49
      +9
      It is impossible to draw conclusions on Fukushima yet. The Japanese classified all the data and did not let our specialists in, refused our help, experience, technology. This alone leads to certain thoughts, for ours would speak the truth.
      Hundreds of tons of radioactive water discharged into the ocean - this is a very serious damage. The evacuated city speaks of the release of radionuclides into the atmosphere.
      I agree with you that the accident at Fukushima is more serious than the Chernobyl accident. But these are only assumptions according to some data, there are no real facts. Not without reason everyone has classified.
      1. Uncle Murzik
        Uncle Murzik April 26 2016 11: 20
        +5
        Under the current authorities in Ukraine, with its nuclear power plants it can happen worse than in Fukushima!
  8. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn April 26 2016 07: 43
    +5
    In fact, about 700 firefighters died from the irradiation, but many did not even receive the status of a liquidator, in particular, the article did not mention the work of the combined fire guard regiment under the command of Colonel Turin, who suffered heavy losses, but since the regiment was created on the basis of oral orders and teams no documents other than the testimony of its participants were not preserved.
    1. max73
      max73 April 26 2016 13: 03
      +4
      He served in the fire brigade from 95th to 01th, while in the unit there were several people who took part in the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident. So, almost everything after retirement quickly died ... and more. I also have a nuclear power plant in my city. when an alarm call was received at the station, at the command of the commissar, they went strictly according to the rules of the DD and listened intently to the radio. As a rule, halfway it turned out that nothing serious and turned around ...
  9. salavat
    salavat April 26 2016 08: 21
    +13
    Quote: Spitfire
    In Chernobyl, at the time of the catastrophe, there was actually a nuclear explosion, which threw up high into the atmosphere and adjacent territory up to 90% of the fuel from the reactor.

    Are you sure it was a nuclear explosion? Or it was an ordinary thermal (physical) explosion, but of a nuclear nature. Maybe there wasn’t explosive fission like in a nuclear bomb? In your opinion, if a pressure cooker explodes on gas, will it be a gas explosion?
    1. emercom1979
      emercom1979 April 26 2016 08: 37
      +3
      In fact, a nuclear explosion is attributed to the number of active substances ejected from the reactor and the nature of the infection. Although this is not correct. Eternal Memory to the Heroes of Chernobyl !!!
    2. Spitfire
      Spitfire April 26 2016 12: 42
      0
      Quote: salavat
      Quote: Spitfire
      In Chernobyl, at the time of the catastrophe, there was actually a nuclear explosion, which threw up high into the atmosphere and adjacent territory up to 90% of the fuel from the reactor.

      Are you sure it was a nuclear explosion? Or it was an ordinary thermal (physical) explosion, but of a nuclear nature. Maybe there wasn’t explosive fission like in a nuclear bomb? In your opinion, if a pressure cooker explodes on gas, will it be a gas explosion?


      I'm not sure. But Konstantin Pavlovich Checherov adhered to the version about the nuclear nature of the Chernobyl explosion.
      1. Bramb
        Bramb April 26 2016 13: 54
        +6
        The nuclear explosion and the nuclear nature of the explosion are two different things.
        A nuclear explosion is an uncontrolled, undamped, nuclear chain reaction with the release of thermal energy in a short period of time. And the nuclear nature of the explosion - it is understood that due to nuclear reactions there was a heating of water and water vapor abruptly escaped.
        An explosion (nuclear fission) of a substance itself and heating by one substance of another are two different things.
        This is exactly what Checherov meant. Nothing more could be there.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. PKK
          PKK April 26 2016 14: 32
          +2
          It looks like not only water turned into steam in the reactor.
          Question Poroshenko: Petya did you thank America for the sabotage on the Chernobyl? I think Obama should give you dollars to restore health.
        3. Spitfire
          Spitfire April 26 2016 16: 28
          +4
          Quote: Bramb
          The nuclear explosion and the nuclear nature of the explosion are two different things.
          A nuclear explosion is an uncontrolled, undamped, nuclear chain reaction with the release of thermal energy in a short period of time. And the nuclear nature of the explosion - it is understood that due to nuclear reactions there was a heating of water and water vapor abruptly escaped.
          An explosion (nuclear fission) of a substance itself and heating by one substance of another are two different things.
          This is exactly what Checherov meant. Nothing more could be there.


          "The tests begin. The protection of the electric motors is almost instantly triggered, and half of the pumps stop supplying water to the reactor. Nobody knows about this on the control panel, this is recorded only in the readings of the recorders. Overheating and acceleration of the reactor begin - again, no arrows, the devices on the control panel are The station is a production, not a test bench, there should not be fast processes. Overheating in the lower part of the reactor core burst 1659 pipes, through which water circulates under a pressure of 70 atmospheres, which is then supplied in the form of steam There is a jet thrust sufficient to lift the entire reactor core (fuel, graphite, absorber rods) together with the cover, "Elena", weighing more than 5000 tons, above the ground. a nuclear jet engine (this is where the metal structures cut, as if by welding), it is thrown under the roof, where it explodes. her physical nature, but too "slow" in comparison with the explosion of an atomic bomb, and therefore in terms of power - scanty. About 0,01 kilotons. The roof and walls are crumbling. Concrete blocks are poured into the empty reactor shaft. After them the lid falls, "Elena". In these seconds (second), dull beats are heard on the remote control, the light goes out, then it lights up again (autonomous emergency lighting). Dyatlov shouts: "Press the button, we will cool down at emergency speed!" No human fantasy can imagine what happened. And even more so the mind is unable to understand that - everything. There is simply nowhere to immerse the absorber rods, because the reactor does not exist - it flew away. Therefore, operators begin to press buttons, "drive water", cool the reactor. Then they run out into the street, see the graphite blocks lying on the ground - and again it cannot occur to them that it is from an exploded reactor. They, who are well aware of the situation at the station, at this moment think that this is some other graphite brought for the fifth block under construction. Everything that happens in these seconds seems to them. And they rush to save what does not exist.

          (C) Vasily Golovanov "
          1. Atomist
            Atomist April 26 2016 22: 22
            +3
            As far as I remember, the accident just started when the absorber rods went down, but in front of them the displacers first went into the air, which removed the water, which is a neutron absorber, and thus led to an uncontrolled increase in reactor power. And it was necessary only with respect to the recommendation of the RBMK designers and not to experiment on the existing reactor.
            1. Spitfire
              Spitfire April 27 2016 15: 27
              +1
              Quote: Atomic
              As far as I remember, the accident just started when the absorber rods went down, but in front of them the displacers first went into the air, which removed the water, which is a neutron absorber, and thus led to an uncontrolled increase in reactor power. And it was necessary only with respect to the recommendation of the RBMK designers and not to experiment on the existing reactor.


              “The point of the experiment planned for the fourth block was, as you know, to connect half of the pumps supplying water to the reactor not to the mains, but to the“ running out ”, or, more simply, disconnected and losing speed, generator. As a result, it was supposed to find out how long these pumps will pump water into the reactor, while they will connect emergency diesel generators. Regular experiment, the meaning of which is clear only to specialists. The accident does not seem to follow from the conditions of the problem. It is believed that the "acceleration" effect of the reactor was provoked by the team responsible for testing AS Dyatlov, press the "AZ-5" button after a hum was heard at the station and the lighting blinked. Pressing this button was supposed to drown out the reactor by introducing absorber rods into the core. But as soon as the button was pressed - supposedly there was an explosion.The people responsible for the tests turned out to be extreme (they acted incorrectly!), but wanted to blame the designers of the reactor. , argued that the reactor had nothing to do with it. The calculations of our and Japanese specialists gave the same result: they pressed the button or did not press it - the explosion did not work.

              In the summer of 1993, Professor M.S. came to K. Checherov's Moscow apartment. Miklyaev, specialist in large and small electric motors. He brought with him the readings of the recorders he had decoded - the very ones that Checherov filmed in Chernobyl in 1986. When a conversation started between scientists - one of whom had never been to Chernobyl, and the other had spent several years there, it became clear that they had something to discuss. The fact is that each pump supplying water to the reactor is powered by an electric motor. The electric motor is made by a specific manufacturer. For the plant, it is the engine (and not the reactor or the station) that is the end product of labor, a valuable electrical product. And in order to protect this product, the engine is supplied with its own protection. If, say, the frequency of the current changes, the motor shuts down after 30 seconds. And if the voltage drops - after 0,7 seconds. Those who planned the experiment on the fourth block did not even think about it, they did not know anything about it. They believed that the water supply to the reactor would decrease gradually, whereas after turning off the pumps, it fell immediately. The accident was therefore planned when the decision was made to conduct the experiment. "
              (c) Vasily Golovanov.
  10. ism_ek
    ism_ek April 26 2016 08: 41
    +5
    The Shelter construction, erected in 1986, should be replaced by a new safe confinement - a multifunctional complex whose main task is to turn the Shelter into an environmentally friendly system.
    The main task of the new Shelter is to store spent nuclear fuel from all over Europe.
    We look at the end of the plot
    1. Spitfire
      Spitfire April 28 2016 08: 49
      0
      Here is a view from the inside of the sarcophagus. Someone claimed that it was "completely sealed".

      Taken from here, a very interesting selection http://ribalych.ru/2016/04/27/fotografii-chernobylskoj-aes/
      1. Spitfire
        Spitfire April 30 2016 16: 43
        +1
        Anyone who put a minus, probably, can not even imagine that this photo was taken in 1990 by Victoria Ivleva on film Nikon. What covers the sarcophagus, if inside it was possible to photograph the sun's rays?
  11. EvgNik
    EvgNik April 26 2016 08: 48
    +6
    The sarcophagus is about to expire. And although the builders have laid a sufficient supply of strength, but ... nothing lasts forever. And what will happen after the destruction of the sarcophagus? Ukraine will not pull the construction of a new one.
    The memory of the dead and the long life of the survivors. He already wrote, I have a matchmaker - a liquidator. Then he plowed for another 15 years in the North.
  12. RoTTor
    RoTTor April 26 2016 09: 08
    +12
    Virtually no one recalls the enormously huge contribution of Ukrainian railroad workers, primarily the South-Western Railway, to the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident.

    It was the Yugo-Zapadnaya railway workers who took out hundreds of thousands of children from the contaminated areas without a single emergency and built Luchisty for them. All railways provided all their pioneer camps, sanatoriums, recreation centers to evacuees and liquidators.

    It was the South-West railway workers who provided the bulk of the cargo necessary to eliminate the consequences of the Chernobyl accident.

    For stupid ideological and propaganda reasons, only a few railway workers of the South-Western Railway received state awards.



    By the way, until the mid-90s, the head of the South-West Railway had one deputy: for transportation and work related to the liquidation of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident.



    THANKS TO YOU, RAILWAY LIQUIDATORS!



    HAPPINESS AND HEALTH TO YOU AND YOUR CLOSE!



    LIVE LONG AND HAPPY!


    http://www.transpress.kiev.ua/
  13. vch62388
    vch62388 April 26 2016 09: 24
    0
    I am not a nuclear scientist. However, he was familiar with one of the liquidators, by no means ordinary. So his opinion is this: It would be better if there was a nuclear explosion in which most of the nuclear fuel would burn out than thermal, in which it would be spaced hundreds of kilometers away. Yes, the station personnel would die, but thousands of people who were not involved in nuclear energy would be alive and well.
    Who in the know, I ask your opinion ...
    1. ism_ek
      ism_ek April 26 2016 10: 03
      +2
      Quote: vch62388
      However, he was familiar with one of the liquidators, by no means ordinary. So his opinion is this: It would be better if there was a nuclear explosion in which most of the nuclear fuel would burn out than thermal, in which it would be spaced hundreds of kilometers away. Yes, the station personnel would die, but thousands of people who were not involved in nuclear energy would be alive and well.

      Your friend meant that if the explosion were more powerful, then the station would simply be closed.
      Gorbachev lied to us. Thousands of people died in order to launch the first and second power units by November 7, 1986, and by the new 1988 they launched the third power unit, which was located behind the wall from the fourth. The country, which launched Buran in automatic mode, made conscripts collect radioactive waste.
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA April 26 2016 11: 10
        +5
        Quote: ism_ek
        The country, which launched Buran in automatic mode, made conscripts collect radioactive waste.

        How long has Buran been created? And how long would it take to create a robot capable of working on the roof of a building littered with debris under radiation conditions at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. EMNIP, almost all remote-controlled complexes quickly went out of order - only the "lunar rovers" STR-1 remained. In addition, the cleaning of the roof from debris had to be completed before the completion of the construction of the Shelter.
        Robotics for collecting radiation sources did not take root even on the ground, where there were no restrictions on the mass: the most effective means for working in the "dirty" zone were "dinosaurs" - lead-armored IMR with gamma-locators.

        Let me remind you, by the way, that after a quarter of a century in a country famous for its electronics and robotics, homeless people hired by the yakuza were attracted to work in the "dirty" zone.
        1. ism_ek
          ism_ek April 26 2016 11: 27
          -2
          Quote: Alexey RA
          almost all remote-controlled complexes quickly went out of order - only the "lunar rovers" STR-1 remained.

          STR-1 robots appeared only after three months. But for some reason they did not wait for their appearance.
          1. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA April 26 2016 13: 22
            +3
            Quote: ism_ek
            STR-1 robots appeared only after three months. But for some reason they did not wait for their appearance.

            It was necessary to build a shelter. To do this, it was necessary to reduce the background and collect everything radiating for the future Shelter. At that time, it was believed that the main background on the roof gave the debris of the reactor. So they began to clean them. In addition, the wreckage prevented the operation of remotely controlled machines.
            Later, when large debris was removed, it turned out that this did not give a significant decrease in the general background - the bitumen coating was already phoning, into which the radiation sources were melted. On the other hand, it was possible to even out the background, getting rid of the most dangerous powerful local sources that disabled equipment.
            1. ism_ek
              ism_ek April 26 2016 16: 07
              +1
              Quote: Alexey RA
              It was necessary to build a shelter

              What for? What would launch the first and second power units by November 7?
              They would shut down the reactors (this is a month and a minimum of personnel) and leave the place for a year ... two until the radiation would sleep. These fragments would not have gone anywhere. Then they would quietly build a sarcophagus, without human casualties.
              1. Pilat2009
                Pilat2009 April 26 2016 16: 31
                +1
                Quote: ism_ek
                They would shut down the reactors (this is a month and a minimum of personnel) and leave the place for a year ... two until the radiation would sleep

                Yeah, and all this time the destroyed block would fonil and throw it out. There and ten years later there were places with dozens and hundreds of X-rays, what can we say about the first months
                1. ism_ek
                  ism_ek April 26 2016 16: 47
                  +2
                  Quote: Pilat2009
                  Yeah, and all this time the destroyed block would fonil and throw

                  All that could fly out - flew out during the explosion.
                  1. Pilat2009
                    Pilat2009 April 26 2016 21: 30
                    0
                    Quote: ism_ek
                    All that could fly out - flew out during the explosion.

                    Well, of course, you are a physicist. Where are Velikhov and Legasov
                    What was thrown out by the explosion flew out, and the burning of graphite continued throughout May, and besides graphite there was something to radiate
    2. Bramb
      Bramb April 26 2016 10: 53
      +4
      This is nonsense!
      Nuclear fuel is not coal that burns - that's all! It burned down - and you get "ash" 10 times more dangerous!
      But there could not have been a nuclear explosion in principle. This is not a nuclear bomb. And that says it all about the qualifications of your friend.
    3. dmitrii.safonov.dm
      dmitrii.safonov.dm April 26 2016 11: 40
      +2
      Well, your friend obviously skipped physics and chemistry at school !!!! There couldn’t be a nuclear explosion! We had a lot of liquidators from my city!
    4. dmitrii.safonov.dm
      dmitrii.safonov.dm April 26 2016 11: 40
      +1
      Well, your friend obviously skipped physics and chemistry at school !!!! There couldn’t be a nuclear explosion! We had a lot of liquidators from my city!
    5. Atomist
      Atomist April 26 2016 22: 15
      0
      At a nuclear power plant, a nuclear explosion is impossible in principle. And thank God. Unfortunately, all accidents are associated with incompetence and self-reliance of personnel. This is how a person works - he gets used to it and does not think about danger.
  14. Bakht
    Bakht April 26 2016 10: 32
    +5
    The accident did not happen because of haste for some dates. An experiment was conducted to cool the core during emergency power supply. Disaster has occurred due to personnel errors. The problem was compounded by the fact that it was the Chernobyl leadership that lied to the leadership that the pollution was insignificant. Therefore, the May 1 demonstration was not canceled. The decision to demonstrate was made on the basis of reports from the management of the power plant.

    In any case, the firefighters did their duty to the end. Eternal memory to them.
    1. ism_ek
      ism_ek April 26 2016 10: 56
      +1
      The accident was caused by errors in the design of the reactor. Each of these errors, taken separately, was not fatal. The developer knew about some of the errors, brought them to the attention of the NPP management, but the NPP operators did not know about them. Changes to instructions were made by hand.
      Part of the design errors became clear after the accident.
      1. Bramb
        Bramb April 26 2016 11: 14
        0
        Tell us in more detail, pzhlst, about errors in the design of the reactor.
        And what kind of changes in the instructions (which and for whom?).
        For the first time I hear about this. Very interesting.
        1. ism_ek
          ism_ek April 26 2016 11: 54
          +2
          About the changes in the instructions in pencil were described in the film about Academician Legasov.
          The technical miscalculations are described in the IAEA report. Briefly described in the wikipedia "The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant"

          In certain non-critical operating modes, there was a positive feedback. (an increase in power caused such processes in the core that led to an even greater increase in power)

          Also, a sharp shutdown of the reactor caused the so-called xenon poisoning, which led to an even greater increase in power.

          Those. Operators brought the reactor into an unstable mode of operation which they did not know about, sharply lowered the moderators and received an explosion.
          1. Atomist
            Atomist April 26 2016 22: 42
            0
            Interestingly, in other systems, reactor poisoning does not occur when the power is reduced? Design problems were known - to avoid an accident there were instructions on what to do and what not - they were grossly violated. Who is to blame then - the designers?
        2. Mik13
          Mik13 April 26 2016 15: 33
          0
          Quote: Bramb
          Tell us in more detail, pzhlst, about errors in the design of the reactor.
          And what kind of changes in the instructions (which and for whom?).
          For the first time I hear about this. Very interesting.


          I also recommend reading Dyatlov’s memoirs - deputy. Chernobyl chief engineer.
          He has in detail both the essence of the experiment (which had no relation to the reactor), and about the instrumentation of the station, and about who, how and why the guilty party was made.
          1. Bakht
            Bakht April 26 2016 16: 06
            +2
            Dyatlov’s memoirs are interesting, but ... But he passed the accused in the case. And basically his memoirs concern that he is not guilty.
            1. Mik13
              Mik13 April 26 2016 17: 27
              +1
              Quote: Bakht
              Dyatlov’s memoirs are interesting, but ... But he passed the accused in the case. And basically his memoirs concern that he is not guilty.

              Have you read them?

              Because basically his memoirs describe his vision of the causes of the accident.
              And they contain very funny facts.

              For example, if OZR (operational reactivity margin) is a critical parameter for transient modes for RBMK, then it would be nice for the operator, KVM, to know this very OZR.
              At Chernobyl OZR, a computer was calculated with a retrospective of 40 seconds. Not counting the time required to deliver the printout from the computer to the control room.
              Question - is it possible for personnel to control this parameter in such conditions?

              Well, he has a lot of facts that categorically do not fit into the official version. For example, a similar accident at the LNPP with a rupture of the channel during the discharge of AZ.
              And it was there that serious problems with the reactor were first identified.

              proof: http://rb.mchs.gov.ru/mchs/radiation_accidents/m_other_accidents/1975_god/Avarij
              a_na_bloke_1_Leningradskoj_AJES_SS


              By the way, Dyatlov mentions Volkov as an employee who wrote a corresponding report to Academician Aleksandrov about RBMK's shortcomings and possible consequences. What did Alexandrov do with Volkov for criticizing his reactor?

              I do not impose the point of view of Dyatlov on you - but I recommend reading the book. There are many interesting things.
              1. Bakht
                Bakht April 26 2016 17: 42
                0
                Yes, I did. It’s long been true. And Medvedev and Dyatlov. By the way, Dyatlov called Medvedev a storyteller in his book.

                As I say, I'm not an expert. First I read "The Chernobyl Notebook". It seems that something has cleared up. Then he began to read Dyatlov. Unlike Medvedev, it is difficult to write. He may write correctly, but ... too difficult. The layman cannot figure it out. And then, the general feeling from Dyatlov's book "How It Was" is a complete justification.

                Too much specificity for the common man. Probably a fact can be considered that there was an experiment and it went wrong. Either the people making up the program had a poor idea of ​​the physics of the process, or the staff made a mistake.

                But the leadership of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (Bryukhanov) wrote reports to Moscow that the radiation background is normal, we fill the core with water. And this is after the explosion ... The telephone messages then remained.
              2. Bakht
                Bakht April 26 2016 18: 04
                0
                The whole problem is that most of those present here are not specialists. I can tell my opinion only after reading some books. Moreover, not being a professional, forced to use more or less popular literature. So, comparing two books. And I read them a long time ago. and both of them are in electronic form on my disk (that is, I used to refer to them quite often) I can say that Medvedev’s quotes were better remembered than Dyatlov’s.

                It’s not enough to know the material, we must also present it. So, comparing the two books, I see that the things that were supposed to save him were finally finished off by the reactor. Both authors note the unsuccessful design of the end parts of the protective rods. But if, Medvedev believes - this is the last straw, then Dyatlov considers this the main reason.

                Quote
                After the accident on April 26, employees of the IAE and NIKIET immediately understood
                real causes of the disaster. I am absolutely convinced of this. If i'm in
                an explanatory note immediately after the accident, expressing four or five versions,
                for various reasons rejected them, except for one - incorrect action of AZ
                due to the end effect of the rods
                those. came to the right conclusion though it
                and not all, then they, having operational data, even only those that I
                became known, to make a correct conclusion of labor was not. Another lei
                that they "darkened" and continue to this day - the reasons are clear Especially
                This is the difference between NIKIET employees. From under their pen, except for a note by N.A.
                Dollezhal (with reservations), in the accident I did not see a single truthful
                document. I don’t know if a lie is included in the candidate minimum or later
                hone skills, but own it professionally.

                Both authors point to the same reason. But in the above quote, everything shows an effort to justify oneself. No staff errors. There are developer bugs. And this does not cause sympathy.
      2. Atomist
        Atomist April 26 2016 22: 38
        0
        Rave. All modes were known, the number and height position of the absorbing assemblies were strictly regulated. Of the 4 defenses, 3 were forcibly disabled for the experiment. The Chernobyl nuclear power plant was built after the LNPP on its experience, and so what? The main staff, interrupting the RBMK design, has never seen anything like it until now, and in terms of potential safety as well.
    2. Atomist
      Atomist April 26 2016 22: 32
      +1
      If it was more precisely checked how much power can be removed from the turbine during an emergency shutdown of the reactor due to run-out, until the diesel engine turns on. But why on a running reactor is a question. With a decrease in power, to maintain the level, they began to adjust with absorbing assemblies and, as a result, violated all requirements.
      1. Bakht
        Bakht April 27 2016 00: 35
        0
        On this day, April 25, 1986, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, they were preparing to stop the fourth power unit for scheduled preventive repairs.
        During the shutdown of the unit, according to the program approved by the chief engineer N. M. Fomin, it was supposed to carry out tests with the reactor shields disconnected in the mode of completely deenergizing the equipment of the NPP. It was proposed to use mechanical run-out energy to generate electricity.
        turbogenerator rotor (inertia rotation). By the way, such an experiment was offered to many nuclear power plants, but because of the riskiness of the experiment, everyone refused. The management of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant agreed.
  15. Bakht
    Bakht April 26 2016 10: 40
    +1
    Not being a nuclear physicist, I cannot professionally assess the causes of the accident. But at one time I read Medvedev's book "The Chernobyl Notebook". He convinced me. I know that not all professionals agree with him. But it's still worth reading. I recommend

    http://lib.ru/MEMUARY/CHERNOBYL/medvedev.txt
    1. Pilat2009
      Pilat2009 April 26 2016 16: 44
      +2
      Quote: Bakht
      But at one time I read Medvedev's book "The Chernobyl Notebook"

      Physical processes are described there very superficially. Let's just say, by eye
      The book is rather an art, there is enough fiction.
      In general, the reactor was not without sin, but the staff also contributed. If they simply shut down and without any undertakings, then everything would have worked out, but at first they dropped the power up to 30 MW, then they started to raise .... Dyatlov writes here that the regulation doesn’t that’s forbidden, that’s not forbidden, that’s all you can .... But a person’s head is not only for food, sometimes you need to think.
      1. Bakht
        Bakht April 26 2016 17: 46
        0
        Maybe superficially. But I have always believed that any process can be explained simply. If difficulties begin, it means that they do not understand something. A reactor is a complicated thing. I agree. But "foolproof" should be in any device. Yes, Medvedev's book is more of a journalism. But did he describe the development of the accident correctly? It's more important to me than who is to blame. And he also wrote that RBC were not perfect. All the more caution was needed.
        1. Justme
          Justme April 26 2016 19: 48
          +1
          Do you remember that time?
          In the eyes of the authorities then it was very often possible to see a raid of very specific idiocy.. You don’t have to go far for examples .. Of course, this was less noticeable among techies - since understanding the essence of the issues required knowledge at the level of serious candidates and doctors of science .. And techies percentage of st * b * body - really not very small. This should always be taken into account. Such a thing - as d * p * k with unmeasured initiative - is found quite often.
          Well, they decided to put out a nuclear reactor into steamer mode
  16. kunstkammer
    kunstkammer April 26 2016 11: 13
    +2
    when Major General Tarakanov had the “brilliant” idea of ​​hoisting the Red Flag on the pipe of the 4th energy block by the anniversary of October, my colleague Lt. Col. Kiselyov suggested volunteering. His thought was quite “logical”: anyway, we’ll get our dose, and so - the trip will end sooner. After a brief reflection, we together broke into the office of our colonel and joyfully demanded that we volunteer for this holy cause.
    Having driven him out of his office, the boss shouted for us for a long time ... The most “affectionate” words were: suicides H. evy and that he will bury our carcasses glowing from radiation right now, without waiting for a memorable date.
  17. Old Siberian
    Old Siberian April 26 2016 11: 19
    +4
    My friend, Anatoly Perepelitsa, was the liquidator of the Chernobyl accident in 1976 and died from the effects of radiation in 2000. He has eternal memory.
  18. Getman
    Getman April 26 2016 11: 37
    -6
    An experiment was conducted at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the consequence was, in fact, a nuclear explosion. But the problem is that people were not told the truth. May 1, when people were kicked out for a demonstration, became the end of the USSR. It was a lie about the Chernobyl nuclear power plant that turned something around in people. The state was afraid that the West would not suspect something, that people would not panic, but would be irradiated with a march and a song.
  19. The point
    The point April 26 2016 11: 38
    +3
    An bow to all the liquidators, and those who died and died later have eternal memory!
  20. Vladimir
    Vladimir April 26 2016 11: 59
    0
    Let the heroism of the Hero-liquidators remain forever in our hearts. Then these guys did not think about benefits, nor about money, nor about pensions, they simply fulfilled their duty. ETERNAL GLORY TO YOU!
  21. Signaller
    Signaller April 26 2016 13: 38
    +2
    These people allowed us to think a little and solve the problem of the Chernobyl reactor. They are their death. gave us time. Our task is to FINALLY solve it. And will Ukraine be good or not, we all will have to solve this problem. Eternal honor to them. ETERNAL. There are not even synonyms. From all descendants - THANKS,
  22. Forever so
    Forever so April 26 2016 14: 35
    +4
    The operation to discredit reactors manufactured in the USSR was successful. There is a saying. Heroism on the battlefield is a crime of those in headquarters. People gave their lives, gave without talking. Honor and Glory to the dead and injured. But what is the result !!!
    The terrible consequences of the accident caused massive dissatisfaction with nuclear energy, people just became afraid of nuclear power plants! This led to the fact that in the period from 1986 to 2002, not a single new nuclear power plant was built, and the construction of new power units at existing plants was either frozen or completely stopped. And only the last ten years there has been an increase in nuclear energy, but this applies more to Russia - the accident at the Japanese Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant dealt a new blow, and a number of countries have already announced the abandonment of nuclear energy (for example, Germany wants to completely abandon nuclear power plants by the 2030s).
    You can throw a stone at me, but the explosion of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant really fit into the plan for the destruction of the USSR, and it would be very interesting who mastered the hundreds of billions of dollars that were dumped after Chernobyl into the development of a dead end alternative energy.
  23. epsilon571
    epsilon571 April 26 2016 15: 59
    +1
    Radiation pollution of the environment occurs not only during accidents and disasters. Accident-free nuclear power plants or nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) enterprises are also dangerous to human health. Radiation pollution accompanies all parts of the nuclear fuel cycle: mining and processing of uranium, production of fuel for nuclear power plants, as well as storage and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel (SNF).

    But in fact, a much larger number of people suffer from radiation pollution, without knowing it. Even the smallest doses of radiation cause irreversible genetic changes, which are then passed on from generation to generation.

    Unfortunately, for the entire time the nuclear industry has existed, comprehensive studies of the effect of a “peaceful” atom on nature and man have never been carried out. However, even the incomplete data available today allows us to state: a “peaceful” atom is a time bomb.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 26 2016 16: 20
      0
      Chernobyl showed that life under conditions of increased radiation background continues to develop and multiply rapidly - nature is rampant there.
      1. Cat man null
        Cat man null April 26 2016 16: 24
        +1
        Quote: Vadim237
        Chernobyl showed that life in conditions of increased radiation background continues to develop and multiply rapidly - nature is rampant there

        - Vadim, build yourself a house there and run amok .. together with nature ..

        Weak?

        - then don’t drive the bullshit, it’s quite obvious ..
        1. Anglorussian
          Anglorussian April 26 2016 23: 08
          0
          He is right. A friend went there, says nature really prefers radiation to people.
          - then do not drive the bullshit,
    2. Falcon5555
      Falcon5555 April 26 2016 17: 03
      +2
      Quote: epsilon571
      Radiation pollution of the environment occurs not only during accidents and disasters. Accident-free nuclear power plants or nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) enterprises are also dangerous to human health. Radiation pollution accompanies all parts of the nuclear fuel cycle: mining and processing of uranium, production of fuel for nuclear power plants, as well as storage and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel (SNF).

      But in fact, a much larger number of people suffer from radiation pollution, without knowing it. Even the smallest doses of radiation cause irreversible genetic changes, which are then passed on from generation to generation.

      Unfortunately, for the entire time the nuclear industry has existed, comprehensive studies of the effect of a “peaceful” atom on nature and man have never been carried out. However, even the incomplete data available today allows us to state: a “peaceful” atom is a time bomb.

      Harm from small doses can be, but it is said to not be detected (unless you go into details, what to call small). This is explained by the fact that the immunity of a healthy person usually kills cells damaged by radiation. Radiation is generally present around us. This is our usual environment. The walls of your house are constantly loud, especially if they are made of concrete, particles fly in from space. Thermal power plants emit a lot of radiation, they say, even more than a nuclear plant without an accident. Stone constructions of any kind usually sound more than just earth or asphalt, but they also do, do not forget x-ray rooms.
  24. Bakht
    Bakht April 26 2016 16: 17
    +1
    Many worked heroically. Not just firefighters. What do I like about Medvedev’s book? This is not a dry record. This is the opinion of a specialist, generously equipped with photo portraits of Heroes. One paragraph

    Alexander Grigoryevich Lelechenko, protecting young electricians from unnecessary walks into the high radiation zone, went to the electrolysis room three times to turn off the hydrogen supply to emergency generators. If we take into account that the electrolytic cell was located near the rubble, everywhere there were fragments of fuel and reactor graphite, the activity reached from 5 to 15 thousand X-rays per hour, you can imagine how highly moral and heroic this fifty-year-old man who deliberately covered his young lives with himself. And then, knee-deep in highly active water, he studied the state of switchgears, trying to apply voltage to the feed pumps ...
    The total exposure dose he received was 2500 rad, that would be enough for five deaths. But, having received first aid in the Pripyat medical unit (saline was poured into his vein), Lelechenko fled to the block and worked there for several more hours.
    He died a terrible martyrdom in Kiev.

    Did this man commit a less heroic act than firefighters?
  25. Kibl
    Kibl April 26 2016 19: 34
    0
    18000-20000 people officially died in Fukushima, but not officially ....... Again, the reactor was American, as old as a steam locomotive. It’s not the first time for Americans to kill Japanese with an atom and no matter whether it’s peaceful or with bombs. The same thing is done now with Ukrainians, well, just nonhumans! Eternal memory to everyone who died while eliminating the Chernobyl accident and from the consequences. And this is another nail in the lid of Gorbachev’s coffin!
  26. yury-xnumx
    yury-xnumx April 26 2016 19: 51
    0
    Igor Talkov - Little Planet

  27. lopvlad
    lopvlad April 26 2016 22: 49
    +1
    Thirty years have passed and it seems that recently. As I remember, it was a sunny day and everything was in the garden plots and then in our local hospital it became clogged with patients with bleeding and other consequences.
  28. Kudrevkn
    Kudrevkn April 27 2016 08: 03
    +2
    It happened. that I was one of the first to learn about the accident in the USSR! On the night of 26.04.86/1/0,5, I was the assistant on duty at the school, and officers of 1 special guard were on duty. faculty, which were at night in their departments (laboratories for monitoring the background, etc.). At night I was urgently summoned to the control room, my superiors were too agitated, they constantly called on HF and reported on "a huge emission of radiation in the Kiev region"! Literally after XNUMX - XNUMX hour in the control room it was impossible to push through from the "stripes": the commander of the LVMB, the commander of the Leningrad Military District, the secretary of the regional committee, the leadership of the KGB, schools, party activists, etc. The most interesting thing is that all these "leading party, military and Soviet leaders" were afraid to call Moscow? What if it's a hardware failure? False alarm? Were you even afraid to enter the laboratories to make sure that this instrumentation and automation was working properly? Finally, the commander of the Leningrad Naval Base, Admiral Yegorov, took full responsibility and reported to the Fleet operative, who already had a report from Sevastopol from the "Dutch" !? After that, the commander of the Leningrad Military District reported to the Ministry of Defense, who also received a report from the Ukrainian Military District about the accident!
  29. masiya
    masiya 1 May 2016 17: 48
    0
    The firefighters, of course, are heroes, but what happened after this disgrace ... there was something else in the USSR, and in Krajina it was a complete tear, which would be very interesting, as long as they had not played enough with nuclear toys before a new catastrophe ...