Military Review

Crimean fortress does not surrender to the enemy

Crimean fortress does not surrender to the enemy

Not enough air, breathing hard, it seems that the underground mist absorbs your whole being ... Read the notes of the search engines is difficult and simply impossible: I take my breath away and again read these lines, scorched by tragedy. They came to me from the War Veterans Center, where they accumulate historical evidence of past wars and various conflicts.

Adzhimushkaya tragedy must live, pass through his soul. We must become a part of it in order, perhaps, with time, to finally understand what happened there. The defense of the quarry lasted about six months. Limestone pits have become a natural obstacle in the path of the German troops to the Kerch Strait. The total area of ​​workings is approximately 170 ha.

Here, five kilometers from Kerch, in mid-May 1942, more than 13 000 fled to servicemen and civilians who managed to organize a defense that the Germans could not break for a long time. Unable to replenish supplies of water and food, the defenders of the underground garrison laid down their heads here, but several regiments of the Wehrmacht 11 Army under the command of Erich Manstein did not surrender: only 48 defenders, according to the official version, survived after 170 days. And some say that there are only seven defenders left alive. Although there is evidence of 136 defenders who were able to gather after the war. But they stayed.

On the German historical forums, two iconic fortresses are mentioned - this is the Brest Fortress and the Adzhimushkaya Fortress (a bitter or gray stone translated from the Turkic language).

Few people know, but the quarries were divided into two parts - central and small, which were not connected with each other. In the central part is located the main garrison under the command of Colonel Egunov. In a small part - their depth is up to 30 meters, they are two-tiered, up to 15 kilometers in length - a garrison is located under the command of Lieutenant Pazhny. Under the ground, it was possible to establish the work of field kitchens, to conduct electric lighting: the current was generated from a tractor, which is now stored in an underground museum.

The Nazis used a large amount of explosives against Soviet soldiers and even used poison gas. The Germans burned everything around, twice surrounded the area with barbed wire. They tied people to the bombs and lowered them down into the quarries and shouted that it would be like this to everyone.

From the commission’s report of a separate Primorye Army, February 16 of the year 1944: “A large number of rusting helmets, rifle and machine-gun cartridges, projectiles, gas masks, rotted uniform are lying around in the quarries, corpses and skeletons of people are visible, apparently from clothing, former military personnel. Many have gas masks in the “ready” position. The postures of the corpses, the position of the limbs indicate that death occurred with a strong psychological experience, with convulsions, agony. In these galleries, not far from the location of the corpses, five mass graves were found, in which a total of about three thousand people were buried. ”

Mikhail Petrovich Radchenko. Remember it. Teenager. He survived, and lived his age in the village Adzhimushkay. He did not go underground: even after years he could smell the faint smell of gases.

The first gas attack had the most terrible consequences, many did not immediately understand what was happening: in the corridors of the quarries, and so the smoke and stench were walking. Asphyxiation killed around 800 that day. Then the Germans almost every day, from 10 hours of the morning, for 6-8 hours, started the gases. But regular gas attacks failed. The Red Army soldiers learned to resist them: they wore gas masks and built gas shelters in distant dead-end galleries, where gas practically did not penetrate.

Only one feature film, "Descended from Heaven," tells about all the horrors and sufferings that people experienced. Tormented by thirst. To get to the two wells, you had to pay several human lives. In the film there is an episode about a nurse who, without weapons coming out for water. In fact, the sisters went out for water several times, the Germans allowed them to collect it, but then opened fire.

A well with sweet water (the taste was such) the Germans threw the corpses of Soviet soldiers, there is a version that they dumped them there alive: since they were twisted by barbed wire. But the salt water well was thrown with various construction trash.

Then the military engineers did the almost impossible: within two days, having calculated, a horizontal course was struck directly from the caves leading to the salt well. Water! Water! They got drunk and stocked up, realizing that the Germans could discover this digging. This is what happened.

But the defenders of the underground garrison dug three wells. One of them, located on the territory of the second battalion of the central part of the quarries, survived and is still part of the museum exposition. Wells were dug within one month with the help of a pickaxe, a conventional sapper blade and scrap. The depth of the well in the monolith stone - 15 meters. The arches above the well were strengthened, and he himself was guarded. Only a narrow circle of people had access to water. Every liter of water is strictly accounted for. And, although the fascists managed to derail the soil at one of the three wells, the two remaining ones were enough to provide a garrison that was thinning day by day.

The Germans drilled holes in the surface, laid bombs there (from 250 to 1000 kilograms) and blew them up, causing the collapse of huge blocks. Tons of rock collapsed, killing people.

“After these explosions, the earth bloated, the shock wave killed a lot of people,” said Mikhail Petrovich Radchenko.

The soldiers here also came up with their own special team of hearers, who were obliged to identify in time the places where the Germans were drilling. To advance people away from the landslides. Today you can see a giant undermining height of about 20 meters.

For many years, the legendary Rostov search engine Vladimir Shcherbanov - not only a journalist, but also a member of the military search engine, which keeps watch of memory. So, publish notes Scherbanova.

“The brush in the hands is trembling barely noticeably, dropping stone sawdust from the dark remains. From the tension begin to ache muscles, cuts in the eyes. We have been working for the second hour. From time to time I ask:

- Shine here. Give more light.

And again the ringing silence. You can’t hear the guys, you can’t even hear your own breathing, only occasionally - the rustling of sand in the next gallery.

The remains of the fighter lay close to the wall under a 20-centimeter layer of stones and dust. Hands neatly folded on the chest. A thought flashed: “He did not die here, but was buried, which means there will be no documents - they should have been taken away in the hospital.” And yet something confuses, something is wrong.

Behind someone gently pushed. I look back. Seminozhenko is standing behind him - his eyes are deep, dark, his cheeks have sank more, his cheekbones have stood out more sharply. Almost without opening his lips, he says:

- Why in boots?

Now I realized what was embarrassing. The soldier was buried still in the new wet boots. But then, in the 1942 year, there was an order in the dungeons: before the burial of dead comrades to take away weapons, documents, ammunition, warm clothes, shoes. The living had to live and fight - for themselves and for them who left.

Carefully inspect the place of award pockets. At the left fingers freeze - under the rotted matter of some paper. On the gray sheets of the dent from the once golden letters. Now there is no doubt - there are documents.

The Komsomol card and the Red Army book pressed by time and stone. The soldier wore them on his chest, closer to his heart, until the last day, and even when his comrades crossed his arms, the documents remained there.

The photo faded. Pages stuck together.

The find is carefully passed from hand to hand, and I see how the palms of the children’s hands and the girls who worked during the day are trembling, I read the same questions in their eyes: “Who are you, soldier, where have you been waiting and waiting?” Where do you still remember the beautiful, tall, twenty years old? Maybe the newest examination tools will help you, one of the few, to go to a mass grave under your own name! ”

Such a find is rare. Such a find is an event in the expedition. Of course, all its members find excited. But at first there were few conversations, discussions, hypotheses. Perhaps everyone had to be alone with the surging thoughts.

The Komsomol card in our mind is not just a crust, confirming that the youth belongs to the union, not even just a symbol uniting Komsomol members of different generations, it is, among other things, a high principle.

We will surely find out, everything will surely find out about him: in what family he grew up, how he lived, how his descendants, our contemporaries, live. ”

“On the first Sunday of the expedition’s work they didn’t go underground, they decided to see the city, to visit the museum of local lore.

Today came two guys from the city of Ozyry - Mikhail Polyakov and Ivan Andronov. Both firefighters from the Moscow region. It turned out both came to Kerch in May, with a guided tour, where they learned about the expedition. We found out the address of the team leader, wrote off.

In the evening, Andronov recalled the May visit to Adzhimushkay:

- Came out of the dungeon as pinned, with relief swallowed fresh air. I thought: how good it is to live. When they left it, something unclear about the soul was, as if something was to blame for those who remained there. ”

"7 August. Again, working on the rubble. Several years ago, Valera Leskov found anti-tank weapons (PTR) here under the stoves. The gun was transferred to the museum, and the blockage was dubbed - PTR. Last year we also found scraps of newspapers and documents in this place. And Valera insisted that we return to this place again. They unearthed the bottom plates along the artificial wall, reached the layer of paper. They began to clear the western wall of the gallery, and stumbled upon a small leather bag. The weight turned out to be impressive, something inside rang in one of the compartments.

But we were amazed and overjoyed more than if we had seen gold when the Order of the Red Star slipped out of the wallet and the 20 years of the Red Army medal slipped out. And all this is in good condition, even on the back of the order it was easy to disassemble the number - 10936.

In the second pocket they found a red order book. Even if it is not possible to read the name of the owner of the order and the medal in the document, then it will be easy to install it by the Army Central State Archive by the award number.

Who is this man? Under what circumstances did you lose your rewards? What happened to him next? Is it alive? We can answer these and many other questions already this year.

For this day, the finding of awards was for us the most significant. The guys went happy, even the fatigue seemed less. ”

“Again we are going to the area of ​​the obstruction of the operating table. Now there is no doubt that for a long time there was one of the underground hospitals. It would seem that everything was checked more than once, but still we discover something new.

Nadia and Sveta Shalneva need to break through the meter of the packed soil to the floor of the gallery. A shovel does not take, you have to work with a pick, slowly making its way down. Albina Zimukha works a few meters away. Today, she left the kitchen and went to the quarry too.

Sveta got out of the pit, wiped her forehead and began to examine the walls in the place where Albina Mikhailovna worked:

- Guys, the inscription is interesting!

On the neckline of darkened limestone with something sharp inscribed the words: "Excuse me, my friends."

“Five years ago here,” recalls S.M. Shcherbak - we discovered the burial, where the remains of 25 soldiers appeared. Most likely, the inscription refers to this grave.

We stand silently, looking at irregular dents of letters, as if we are trying to discern in them what time has hidden.

Recently, the idea arose to conduct a short winter expedition in February. Moreover, the unusual - all 7-10 days to live right in the catacombs, where the soldiers of the underground garrison lived and fought. Do not look in this passion for originality or to dubious experiments. Now, reading the diaries of the summer expedition, it is easy to understand where this idea came from.

Anyone who has felt the view from the catacombs, who, considering the inscription on the wall, was carried by his thoughts and heart to the 1942 year, can be sure that these moments will not pass without a trace. And when, after several months, you understand their significance in your life, then it draws you again to where you can better understand and feel them, ordinary soldiers, heroes who have stood and remained in our memory.

“Until the end of the expedition remains two days and two nights. It's time to turn down the camp and put out the lights, and the guys did not have time to get tired properly. I am at a loss: how can this be explained? If there was a possibility, everyone would stay for another week.

In recent days, if there is even a ghostly hope for a find, the guys are working feverishly, with passion, as if for the last time. ”

And although officially the defense of the quarry continued for five months, some pockets of resistance, as follows from the report of the German command, continued to fester for many more days.
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  1. EvgNik
    EvgNik April 29 2016 06: 18
    There are books about the heroes of Adzhimushkaya, quite a while ago I already read the truth, but the heroism of these people then simply shocked me. And, again, Polina, thank you for remembering the forgotten pages of the past.
    1. Aleksander
      Aleksander April 29 2016 09: 49
      I read about Adzhimushka in my childhood. True, it was necessary to be only in the Odessa catacombs in the museum of partisan glory, the impression is terrible, everything presses, breathing heavily, you leave it like hell. But people fought and died in such conditions - honor and glory to them.
      PS Photo given, by the way, from the Odessa catacombs ....
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. atalef
      atalef April 29 2016 09: 58
      Quote: EvgNik
      There are books about the heroes of Adzhimushkaya, quite a while ago I already read the truth, but the heroism of these people then simply shocked me

      Hey . Zhenya.
      I remember the same thing, received a Book as a gift for my birthday (I was about 11 years old), it was called Adzhimushkay.
      fantastic heroism of the people. soldier
      1. EvgNik
        EvgNik April 29 2016 10: 39
        Great, Sanya.
        I have always loved reading and some books since childhood with me. About Volodya Dubinin is. About the pioneer heroes I read everything that was. hi
      2. smershxnumx
        smershxnumx 2 May 2016 21: 58
        I, too, a book about heroes of dungeons was presented ... I read it in one breath ... I remember I was shocked by the atrocities of the Nazis ... I remember telling my friends-comrades about it ... Everyone got into it ... And they never played in childhood in the "underground" partisans ... They remembered how hard it was for them, how it ended ...
        Now I remembered again how people in the quarries drank a sip of water at the cost of their own lives ....
  2. Uncle Murzik
    Uncle Murzik April 29 2016 06: 23
    eternal memory to the heroes! How much tragedy and heroism, where is our cinema? And then they shoot any crap like "bastards" "bombers"
  3. Igor39
    Igor39 April 29 2016 06: 35
    Yes, I read a lot about the defense of the Crimea and Sevastopol, I was especially impressed by the 35 coastal battery and evacuation, the command staff on planes and submarines was taken away, and the rest were left with a choice, captivity or heroic resistance.
    1. dedBoroded
      dedBoroded April 29 2016 06: 53
      they hardly had a choice. they weren’t the people to give up cheaply in captivity.
      Today they said in public: "Die heroically!"
      Let's try - okay! We will see what a turn.
      I just thought strangers smoking cigarettes:
      "Here, whoever knows how, - it is important for me to see the sunrise.
      1. Eugene
        Eugene April 29 2016 13: 02
        How is it, in Minsk, in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War ... Inscription from the Brest Fortress: FAREWELL TO THE MOTHERLAND! I DIE BUT I DO NOT BUILD
      2. Kenneth
        Kenneth April 29 2016 22: 22
        IMHO this is about the Evpatoria landing
      3. lukke
        lukke April 29 2016 23: 50
        they hardly had a choice. not those were people to give up cheaply captive
        and you read in detail about the 35th. People were different and as it turned out more rot on the top, including and October. A huge number of Red Navy and Red Army soldiers were captured. by order, they were all pulled from their combat positions to the area of ​​the bay of Cossack and Fiolent for evacuation, which was not even planned and could not be carried out for such a quantity and actually there was nothing to defend - transports with ammunition from Novorossiysk had long ceased to go because of threats drowning, and with single flights, the problem of the thousands of defending groups could not be solved. So then the German tankers had fun jokingly crushing the columns of prisoners walking on country roads along the country roads. They were very angry at the defenders of Sevastopol. But Oktyabrsky and the headquarters were taken in the last days of defense. True, one officer from the headquarters remained, having refused salvation and realizing that he would share the fate of the others. After their evacuation for another month, disorganized resistance was exerted in some places.
        Damn, I have a tricolor flag - give me back my Soviet one !!!)))
    2. Aleksander
      Aleksander April 29 2016 10: 05
      Quote: Igor39
      , read a lot about the defense of the Crimea and Sevastopol, 35 coastal battery and evacuation were especially impressive, the command staff on planes and submarines was taken away, and the rest were left with a choice, captivity or heroic resistance.

      Very interesting are the memories of Sergeant Major Aleksandrov on - he is from the category of "unkillable" (like the artilleryman Mikhin), passed the defense of Odessa and Crimea with Sevastopol (on an armored train), went through a concentration camp and fought in the partisans ...
    3. Mikado
      Mikado April 29 2016 14: 32
      Quote: Igor39
      Yes, I read a lot about the defense of the Crimea and Sevastopol, I was especially impressed by the 35 coastal battery and evacuation, the command staff on planes and submarines was taken away, and the rest were left with a choice, captivity or heroic resistance.

      The latest shells fired at close range, direct fire from this battery. Shirokorad wrote that part of the underground premises on this battery was blown up without warning or evacuating the defenders. Judging by his description, the hospital was probably there. Bitterly..
      1. Kenneth
        Kenneth April 29 2016 22: 25
        The same story on Inkerman. In general, the attitude towards the soldiers defending Sevastopol from the command was egregious. Like the flight of this superiors.
  4. parusnik
    parusnik April 29 2016 06: 52
    In Soviet times, schoolchildren were regularly taken to the Adzhimushkaya museum and I went, what is there, Kerch nearby, across the strait ... And how many people were ... A year ago, a month I was in Kerch, on a business trip, I remembered, I visited the museum .. Almost no one .. And about the heroes of Adzhimushkaya, but only one film is a feature film "Descended from Heaven" 1986 .. and then .. as if by a hint .. it is not mentioned directly .. Poet Ilya Selvinsky and writer Sergei Smirnov wrote about Adzhimushkai. Thank you, Polina ...
    1. EvgNik
      EvgNik April 29 2016 07: 43
      Quote: parusnik
      only one movie feature film "Descended from Heaven" 1986 ..

      There are documentaries. Last year "Adzhimushkay. Underground Fortress" was filmed. There was also the film "Adzhimushkai. Dungeon of Death", if I'm not mistaken.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik April 29 2016 07: 56
        EvgNik... I mean, Soviet cinema ... But we need to delve into, maybe there was a film shot in the 60s, early 70s .. But I doubt that the first publication about Adzhimushkay appeared in Ogonyok in 1961, I will not name the author, it is necessary to look ... And the museum was created in 1966 ... the first excavations, as the museum staff said, began in the early 70s. I have books by N. I. Kambulov "Light in the Catacombs", "Underground Garrison" ..about the heroes of Adzhimushkaya, since the "totalitarian" regime .. It's a pity they are not reissued ..
        1. EvgNik
          EvgNik April 29 2016 10: 30
          Quote: parusnik
          I mean, Soviet cinema ..

          I watched a movie about partisans in the catacombs in my childhood, but I don’t remember the name, and I didn’t find it on the Internet. I haven’t met him again. And the impression was strong. Not color, black and white.
          1. parusnik
            parusnik April 29 2016 10: 33
            The catacombs of Odessa were more known .. Most likely the film is about the underground and partisans of Odessa, by the way there is such a museum too .. about its own .. There are catacombs in Sevastopol ..
            1. EvgNik
              EvgNik April 29 2016 11: 20
              Quote: parusnik
              The catacombs of Odessa were more known.

              It is possible, I’m saying - I don’t remember the name. And so all the catacombs have something in common. Moreover, a lot of time has passed, something has already been erased.
              1. Andrey78
                Andrey78 April 29 2016 12: 24
                Most likely Odessa film of the Wave of the Black Sea based on the book by Kataev Lone white sail
          2. Eugene
            Eugene April 29 2016 13: 08
            Most likely about Volodya Dubinin. GSS. "The street of the youngest son." He died in the Starokarantinsky quarries.
            1. EvgNik
              EvgNik April 29 2016 17: 36
              Quote: Andrey78
              Most likely Odessa film of the Wave of the Black Sea based on the book by Kataev Lone white sail

              Quote: eugene
              Most likely about Volodya Dubinin. GSS "Street of the Youngest Son"

              According to Kataev, I remember the film well, and I read the book several times, but about Volodya Dubinin - this is quite possible.
            2. Kenneth
              Kenneth April 29 2016 22: 29
              He was not a mine and did not die in the quarries, but accidentally in a minefield helping in mine clearance.
        2. Profan
          Profan April 29 2016 15: 14
          A large series of articles was in the magazine "Around the World", I learned a lot about Adzhimushkai from them.
  5. aszzz888
    aszzz888 April 29 2016 07: 05
    Heroes of war. Everywhere they defended their homeland. The war in the dungeon is a special type of war, not a single Charter is written. Eternal memory and low bow to the defenders of Adzhimushkaya.
    Special thanks to the search engines.
    Thanks to the author for the article.
  6. Amurets
    Amurets April 29 2016 07: 37
    Plus to the author! The article is interesting and reminded me not only about Azhimushka, but also a book about the pioneer hero Volodya Dubinin. And I found materials about the quarries where the underground war began, before Adzhimushkaya. Who cares: here are the links. And there was still a war in the catacombs of Odessa. I read very little about the partisans of Odessa.
  7. drop
    drop April 29 2016 07: 55
    I had to lead the tests of our first helicopter carriers in the Crimea (Sun Valley). As he called his son Artem to come to the Crimea. Helpers fulfilled my request. And choosing the time, and Artem was still studying in the 5 or 6 class, I went with him to Kerch. The officer helped us visit these caves and we saw the feat of our Soviet people and the Red Army. This is a must see. Will stay with you for life. So only Russian people fought. True, the Red Army command had a plan that when attacking the Crimea, and wanted to launch this attack a month after the withdrawal of our troops, the division from Adzhimushkaya would hit the rear of the fascists. But the plan failed.
    I am surprised by the current situation. Yesterday the pro-fascist elements in Moscow gathered for a gathering. One geek was doused with brilliant green, so the police detained the man hero. For such gatherings and the preaching of betrayal and fascism, this s ... s should be shot in memory of our fathers and grandfathers. Readers of "VO", where you will find a country in which the former Foreign Minister (Kozyrev) lives in the United States, the former Minister of Agriculture lives in France, the former Secretary of the Security Council (Berezovsky) was strangled in England, etc. The death penalty must be introduced for traitors. This is in memory of our dead fathers, mothers, grandfathers for the independence of Russia. I have the honor.
    1. Mikado
      Mikado April 29 2016 12: 49
      Quote: Drop
      I am surprised by the current situation. Yesterday the pro-fascist elements in Moscow gathered for a gathering. One geek was doused with brilliant green, so the police detained the hero man. For such gatherings and the preaching of betrayal and fascism, this s ... s should be shot in memory of our fathers and grandfathers. Readers of "VO", where you will find a country in which the former Foreign Minister (Kozyrev) lives in the United States, the former Minister of Agriculture lives in France, the former Secretary of the Security Council (Berezovsky) was strangled in England, etc. The death penalty must be introduced for traitors. This is in memory of our dead fathers, mothers, grandfathers for the independence of Russia. I have the honor.

      On the Mail yesterday, an article was published with the telling title "Hooligans showered eggs children"(Doesn't it look like anything?) Why the heck did the organizers bring children in general?
      I don’t know in detail, but what kind of gathering was there, what was discussed? I only read that one of the materials was about "Hungarian (or Romanian) prisoners of war". Apparently, they are more expensive for organizers.
      By the way, about the Romanians. In the 11th year I was in Crimea, so the guides there told how, during the occupation of the Crimea, the Romanians opened the cathedrals, and the servants (Russians) in these cathedrals then escaped with them, and were very sad about it.
      And then he went to Kerch. And he was in Ardzhimushka, and in the museum of Kerch (paintings in the article from there, at least the first). And the museum has a separate stand with children's things and toys. And in the center sits a plush hare. These are the things of children whom the Germans drove into the ditch and shot several days before the landing of our troops ..
      And for sure, the "Orthodox" Romanians were present at this execution.
      So, this girl (or boy), to the last squeezing a plush hare before being shot, in my opinion, has done much more for the world than all "human rights activists" and believers.
      If everyone visited this museum, and there would be no wars ..
      Sorry to hurt someone’s feelings.
  8. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat April 29 2016 08: 02
    Adzhimushkai, even in Soviet times, received little attention from the point of view of historiography. This was due to the fact that then they did not like to "remember" any mistakes of the Soviet command in that war. But the whole history of Adzhimushkaya is inextricably linked with the Kerch operation, which was unsuccessful for us. In addition, the Adzhimushkaya garrison did not receive support during its "exits" to the surface from the Soviet command, when they even managed to knock the enemy out of the city itself and go on the air with a request for help, but our command did not provide this assistance partly due to the fact that this radio message was considered disinformation and partly simply because of the unpreparedness for such actions. Whatever it was, but the "Adzhimushkai" topic was unpleasant for our historians. Now the historiography of the struggle in Adzhimushkai is complicated by two reasons: the first is the almost complete absence of available official materials from our side, except for those that are bit by bit obtained by search engines. The documents on Adzhimushkay, which are available in the Ministry of Defense, are still "secret" as they are related to the "chemical war". The second reason is the actions of the opposing side aimed at counteracting the defenders of Adzhimushkaya, especially the actions of chemical battalions and coastal defense companies involved in this, are also "secret" for the same reason as they are associated with "chemical weapons". In the "west" the archives are closed for historians, too, for the same reason - "progressive" "philanthropists" from Europe do not "smile" to open archives about how one of the "civilized" European nations persecuted "subhuman" soldiers, women and children chemical weapons in the Adzhimushkaya dungeons.

    PS: In Soviet literature, there is only one work of fiction on this topic - Lev Kassil's book "Street of the Youngest Son" ...
    1. Amurets
      Amurets April 29 2016 08: 36
      Quote: Monster_Fat

      PS: In Soviet literature, there is only one work of fiction on this topic - Lev Kassil's book "Street of the Youngest Son" ...

      No, more.Kambulov.N.I.http: //
      h / _Kambulov_N.I..html # 002
      Smirnov S.S "Stories about unknown heroes" .http: //
      Efimov.N.A. "Soldiers of the Dungeon". Where to download? Alas, I have not found it.
      1. moskowit
        moskowit April 29 2016 21: 35
        "Street of the Youngest Son" is a book about Volodya Dubinin, holder of the Order of the Red Banner of Battle, pioneer hero, partisan intelligence officer of the GUERRILLA detachment, based in the Kamysh-Burun quarries of the city of Kerch in September 1941 to early 1942.

        In Adzhimushkaysky quarries, fighters of the Red Army fought with the Nazis after the Kerch Accident of 1942 of the year.
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. Gray 43
    Gray 43 April 29 2016 08: 51
    There is no material that could endure everything that people experienced in the quarries — they had to not only hide, but also fight. Eternal memory to them ......
  11. Fanagor62
    Fanagor62 April 29 2016 09: 16
    The article is, of course, a plus. Thank you to the author. Unfortunately, indeed, the topic is hardly touched by either the All-Union or the All-Russian media. I know about this since childhood. He grew up nearby, on the Taman Peninsula. He first visited the quarry museum in the year 74-75. Recently, the youngest daughter drove there specially. The museum's exposition has become wider over the years. But the shock from what I saw was again, almost, like in childhood. By the way in Kerch is another place worthy of the attention of historians of the Great Patriotic War — the underground fortress of Kerch, in the dungeons of which the garrison resisted the Germans for a long time. After the abandonment of Kerch by our troops. Eternal memory!
  12. Fanagor62
    Fanagor62 April 29 2016 09: 20
    Unfortunately, the second photo in the article has nothing to do with the quarries. This is the entrance to the crypt of the Tsar's Barrow (4th century BC). It is located near the village of Adzhimushkay.
    1. Monster_Fat
      Monster_Fat April 29 2016 10: 26
      Yes, this is the entrance to the Royal Mound, which is also called the tomb of Mithridates. The place itself is very interesting. Here is a link for anyone interested:
    2. Eugene
      Eugene April 29 2016 13: 13
      At the top of the Tsarskoe Kurgan stood "Spandau", a large, German, and greatly harmed the soldiers.
  13. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 29 2016 09: 37
    ETERNAL GLORY TO HEROES !!!! PRAISE OUR MEMORY !!!! and Polynushka — bow for your articles — is well written. I use them in the education of a new generation.
  14. shcishcok
    shcishcok April 29 2016 10: 15
    Thank you, Polina. Eternal memory to the Heroes! we bow to their courage, selflessness and hope that we are at least a little worthy of the fact that they sacrificed their lives for our future. Low bow to you Heroes!
  15. Torins
    Torins April 29 2016 10: 21
    I watched a documentary ... There are no words ... And thoughts enter my head, but it would be enough for the spirit of the present generations to survive this ...
  16. Crimson cloud
    Crimson cloud April 29 2016 11: 19
    An amazing place, an amazing story of the heroism of our soldiers. Unfortunately, as they correctly noted in the comments, the mediocre leadership of the troops in the period from December 1941 to May 1942, when Kerch was recaptured for the first time, led to this tragic story. Manstein later wrote in Lost Victories that if in January-February Soviet troops attacked him near besieged at that moment Sevastopol, he, Manstein, and his 11th army would be defeated - they were not ready.
    I advise everyone who has not been to the quarries to go see. Once I was myself, the second - I took my wife and friends.
    And I can also recommend the book "Military Kerch" - a very interesting collection of articles about the defense of Kerch, about the attempts in 1941-1942 to return the Crimea, about the defeats of April-May, about Adzhimushkai proper and about the final liberation of Crimea in 1944.
  17. Lester7777
    Lester7777 April 29 2016 12: 48
    Adzhimushkaysky quarries. Eternal memory and eternal glory to those who held to the end.
  18. Eugene
    Eugene April 29 2016 13: 16
    I have never been to a museum .... Everything came from other sides. Was in the Small Quarries, in Starokarantinsky ... In general, a lot of terrible stories were connected with these places after the War! The last one was almost in 2012. Eternal memory to the heroes ...
  19. testerman
    testerman April 29 2016 19: 11
    Was in 86 on an excursion to what was then called Adzhimushkaysky quarries. He was small in age and did not understand why parents, after the words of the guide, were silent for a long time and each thought of their own. With age, understanding comes of what happened and you begin to understand the state of mother and father after a visit. God forbid anyone survive this
  20. Utlan
    Utlan April 29 2016 20: 02
    This is my city !
  21. moskowit
    moskowit April 29 2016 20: 11
    Eternal Glory to the Heroes of Adzhimushkaya! Unfortunately, the illustrations of the Warriors in uniform cannot in any way correspond to the time of the defense of the quarries. Authors accompanied by a text, by the way very informative, need to be more insightful in the selection of illustrations that correspond to those time frames.
  22. moskowit
    moskowit April 29 2016 20: 19
    Yes, and one more thing. Very often they talk and write about the feat of the Soviet Warriors in Adzhimushkaysky quarries. But very little is said about the feat of the partisans based in the Kamysh-Burun quarries in the 1941-42 years and having left it with the Kerch-Feodosia landing, which began on 26 on December 1941.
  23. NGK
    NGK April 29 2016 20: 44
    Quote: Amurets
    Quote: Monster_Fat

    PS: In Soviet literature, there is only one work of fiction on this topic - Lev Kassil's book "Street of the Youngest Son" ...

    No, more.Kambulov.N.I.http: //

    h / _Kambulov_N.I..html # 002
    Smirnov S.S "Stories about unknown heroes" .http: //
    Efimov.N.A. "Soldiers of the Dungeon". Where to download? Alas, I have not found it.

    There is also a printed diary of political instructor Klobukov found in the quarries after the war. He has an episode there when four young lieutenants, during the first gas attack, desperate to escape the gas, embrace, sing "Internationale" and shoot at the same time. And the garrison was commanded by Colonel Yagunov, not Egunov, as it is written in the article.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets April 30 2016 00: 11
      Quote: NGK
      There is also a diary of political instructor Klobukov found in quarries after the war. It is very impressive.

      I didn’t come across. In truth, this is the first time I read about this diary from you.
  24. kon125
    kon125 April 29 2016 22: 00
    I’m looking, many have read the same book as me, # Street of the Youngest Son. ”And once again I admired the level of Soviet education. I will definitely find this book. And give it to my son. Younger.