Military Review

Light machine gun system Lewis 1913 model year

50
The Lewis light machine gun, created in 1913, became a true symbol of World War I. During the war years he was not only the main machine gun of the countries of the British Commonwealth, but was also widely used throughout the world, including taking part in the Civil War in Russia. The machine gun was decommissioned in 1930-s, but with the beginning of the Second World War, after the partial modernization of the "old" had to be returned to service. In our country, this machine gun is familiar even to those who have never been particularly keen on firearms. weapons and history. He became a true hero not only of world cinema, but also of national cinema. In particular, in the much-loved movie “White Sun of the Desert” with a Lewis machine gun, you can see the Red Army man Sukhov.


In fairness it should be noted that not only the real Lewis machine gun was filmed in the famous Soviet isterna. In scenes with shooting, he was replaced by the Soviet light machine gun DP (Degtyareva infantry). For filming, the machine gun was specially “made up” under “Lewis” with the help of a characteristic barrel casing and ribbed lining on the disk. Most likely, during the filming of this "Lewis" was simply defective or for him was not available blank cartridges. At the same time, the Lewis machine gun has appeared in many Soviet / Russian films about the Civil War.

The Lewis machine gun, or simply the Lewis, is a British light machine gun that was created in 1913. It is worth noting that the idea of ​​constructing a machine gun belonged to Samuel McLean, but the American, Colonel Isaac Lewis, brought it to life. Initially, he wanted to use this machine gun as a machine gun with water cooling, but during the development he abandoned this idea in favor of creating a light machine gun with forced air-cooled barrel.

The creator of the famous machine gun Colonel of the American Army Isaac Lewis (Isaak N. Lewis) was a leading expert on weapons of the US Army. He received his education at the famous West Point Military Academy, which he successfully completed in 1884. In 1911, Lewis became the head of an artillery school located at Fort Monroe. Here he achieved fame as a very good specialist in electrical engineering and mechanics. As the moment of dismissal from the armed forces approached, the colonel began working as a consultant for the AAC (Automatic Arms Company) company located in Ohio.



For a number of years, Isaac was developing his own light machine gun, whose automation would work at the expense of the energy of powder gases. At this time, AAC acquired the rights to the machine gun created by Dr. Samuel Maclean. Lewis used McLean's technical solutions to create his own machine gun. For the right to produce these weapons, the AAS company transferred to it a controlling stake and control over the production and distribution of the machine gun. Two years later, in 1913, the Lewis machine gun with a disk magazine and air-cooled barrel was finally ready.

Initially, Lewis wanted to offer his product to the American army, but received a hard refusal, which was caused by an inveterate personal conflict between the designer and General Crozier, who was at that time the head of the US Army Armaments Department. As a result, Belgium became the first country to adopt the Lewis light machine gun, this happened already in the 1913 year. At the same time, before the war, the machine gun also attracted the British, production was launched in England at the BSA plants. By the end of 1915, the new production facilities located in Birmingham were fully operational, and the production of Lewis machine guns reached 300 units a week there.

The combat debut of the machine gun fell on World War I and was very successful. Because of the maneuverability and overall secrecy of this weapon, the soldiers of Kaiser Germany called the machine gun Lewis a “rattlesnake”. This nickname contributed to the characteristic sound of the released machine-gun fire. At the same time, the Germans themselves actively used captured Lewis machine guns, reworking them for the 7,92 cartridge of Mauser and actively using assault troops along with other trophies obtained in battles.



Automatic machine gun worked on the principle of removal of powder gases. When firing gases passed through the hole in the barrel and pressed on the piston. The piston, moving back, turned the gear spiral (the same as in hours) of the return spring with a gear rack, starting it in such a way. Structurally, the light machine gun consisted of the following main parts and mechanisms: a barrel with a casing and a radiator, a receiver with a feed mechanism and a lid, a butt pad with a butt, a bolt, a bolt carrier, a fire control handle, a recoil fighting spring with a box, a magazine and a bipod.

The “business card” of the Lewis design machine gun was the casing, which with its edges went far beyond the muzzle and created there a profile ejector with its profile - when firing a wave of powder gases, passing through it, with its inertia contributed to the creation of a vacuum in the rear of the casing. As a result, a portion of cold air was pulled under the casing along the longitudinally ribbed barrel of the machine gun. At that time, active air cooling in small arms was not used anywhere else.

In front of the casing there was a gas chamber regulator, which had two holes for the removal of gases with letters: "S" - a smaller hole and "L" - a larger hole. In order to move the regulator from one hole to another, it had to be rotated 180 degrees using the regulator lever. Locking the barrel of the machine gun was carried out by turning the bolt, lugs which are included in the transverse grooves of the receiver. The rotation of the bolt of the machine gun when locking is carried out by a curved groove on the bolt and the base of the bolt carrier.



On the machine gun was used shock mechanism udnikovogo type, which was mounted on the rack bolt carrier. The trigger mechanism of the weapon allows only automatic fire from it. Extraction of the sleeve (cartridge) was made by two emitters mounted in the gate, and the reflection - a reflector lever type, which was located in the receiver. The light machine gun possessed a safety device which consisted of two strips with cuts at both ends. The slats were placed on the left and right side of the receiver. The notches were designed for setting the bolt carrier on the fuse in the front and rear positions. In order to fuse the slide frame, the bar (left or right, depending on which side the charging handle was located) had to be pushed up.

The barrel of the machine gun and the receiver had a threaded connection. Air cooling of the barrel. The cooling of the barrel of the light machine gun intensified due to the presence of a radiator and a casing with a nozzle on it. For the convenience of firing a light machine gun equipped with bipod. The sights were represented by a frame-dioptric sight and a triangular-shaped front sight. In the case of using a machine gun as a light machine-tool, it was attached to the swinging part of the machine, while the machine gun was replaced with a butt plate with a butt on the butt plate with a handle.

The machine gun was powered by cartridges that were attached to it from above disc magazines on 47 and 97 cartridges that were multi-layered (in two or three rows, respectively). The cartridges in the store were located radially to the disk axis. At the same time, the stores in the Lewis machine gun did not have a supply spring - their rotation for feeding the next cartridge to the discharging line took place with the help of a specially provided lever which was located on the machine gun and was driven by a bolt. Holding the disk magazine from turning to the left or right side was done using two levers that were placed on the cover of the receiver. In the infantry version of the "Lewis" was completed with a removable two-legged bipod and a wooden butt. Sometimes a special handle designed to carry a light machine gun could be mounted on the barrel casing.



The design of the infantry version of the Lewis machine gun did not change almost the entire First World War. However, the military conflict required the use of a machine gun in aviation. The aviation version of the machine gun already had its own differences. It turned out that the massive “pipe” of the radiator casing prevents the air gunner from aiming, because due to the high windage the machine gun was subjected to very strong air pressure. It turned out that, due to air blowing during the flight, the barrel of the machine gun is less susceptible to overheating than on the ground, so they abandoned the unnecessary casing on the aircraft machine gun, although the radiator itself remained in place.

It was also found that the spent cartridges that flew overboard could damage the aircraft's canvas skin, and the rear-mounted engines could also damage the propeller. Therefore, in the combat units they independently proceeded to equip machine guns with special boxes or bags for collecting cartridges. After receiving official complaints from the pilots, BSA started producing sleeve bags for the turret versions of their machine guns with 94 shells. However, for intensive air combat, the capacity was not enough, and the capacity of the bags was increased to 330 sleeves.

The reliability of the Lewis design machine gun in any, even the most adverse conditions provided the weapon with a reputation as one of the best light machine guns of the First World War, although the weight of the weapon gave the shooters certain difficulties. The machine gun was decommissioned in the UK only at the end of the 1930. However, the defeat in the first battles of World War II, when a large number of weapons of the English Expeditionary Corps was left in France, as well as the need to deploy a mass army in a short time and arm the troops of territorial defense with something, returned the machine gun to the service. Approximately 59 thousands of Lewis light machine guns were returned to the army, which had a shortage of automatic small arms. In this case, all machine guns underwent a slight modernization, in particular, aluminum radiators were removed from them, and a flame arrester appeared on the muzzle part, and the heavy two-legged bipod was replaced with a one-legged telescopic one.

Light machine gun system Lewis 1913 model year
Military parade on Red Square. Moscow, November 7 1941. The photo is especially interesting because the Red Army servicemen wear winter helmets that were canceled in July 1940, and are also armed with old English Lewis machine guns.


Widely used Lewis machine gun and in our country. Back in 1913, the Russian army showed interest in this development by acquiring an experimental batch. But massively, these machine guns appeared in the Russian Empire only in 1917, in 1916, an agreement was signed for the purchase of 9600 machine guns of American and 1800 machine guns of British production. Already after Russia's withdrawal from the First World War, these machine guns were massively used during the Civil War. For example, Nestor Makhno's personal security guards were armed with Lewis system light machine guns.

In the Red Army, Lewis machine guns remained in service until the mid-1920s, remaining in military depots until the outbreak of World War II. It is also interesting that British-made Estonian submarines of the Kalev type were armed with Lewis machine guns. These boats, along with machine guns, were transferred in 1940 to the Baltic fleet. By the fall-winter of 1941, the Red Army faced the same problem as the British — there was a lack of automatic small arms for newly formed units. The existing Lewis light machine guns were returned from the warehouses, including the use of units of militias defending the approaches to Moscow and Leningrad.

Used during the Second World War, this machine gun and the Axis countries. From the end of 1944, the Germans armed them with battalions of the Volkshturm, transferring the 2891 machine gun Lewis M1920 from the arsenals of the occupied Holland to their 92 armaments. In Japan, the Lewis Type XNUMX type machine guns (they were produced in this country under a license) were used until the end of World War II, while in the Japanese army they could additionally be used with special tripod machines.

Technical characteristics of the Lewis machine gun:
Weight - 13 kg.
Length - 1280 mm.
Barrel length - 670 mm.
Cartridges - 7,7X56 mm (.303 British), 7,62x63 mm (.30-06 Springfield), 7,62 × 54 mm R.
Rate of Fire - 550 rds / min.
The initial speed of the bullet - 740 m / s.
The effective distance of the fire - 800 m.
Shops - disk on 47 or 97 cartridges.











Information sources:
http://www.airwar.ru/weapon/guns/lewis.html
http://www.megasword.ru/index.php?pg=550
http://world.guns.ru/machine/usa/lewis-r.html
http://gunmagazine.com.ua/index.php?id=313
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  1. Uncle Murzik
    Uncle Murzik April 21 2016 06: 18
    +12
    the legendary machine gun, in almost all films about the civil war was used like the easel "maxim"! article is a big plus
    1. The comment was deleted.
      1. Stas57
        Stas57 April 21 2016 06: 31
        0
        He became a real hero not only of world cinema, but also of domestic cinema. In particular, in the beloved film "The White Sun of the Desert" with the Lewis machine gun, you can see the Red Army Sukhov. True, in fairness, it should be noted that in the famous Soviet hysteria, not only the real Lewis machine gun was shot. In scenes with shooting, he was replaced by the Soviet light machine gun DP (Degtyareva Infantry). For filming, the machine gun was specially “made-up” under the “Lewis” with the help of a characteristic barrel casing and ribbed disc linings. Most likely, during the filming, the real Lewis was simply defective or there were no empty cartridges for it. At the same time, the Lewis machine gun appeared in many Soviet / Russian films about the Civil War.
        1. veteran66
          veteran66 April 21 2016 19: 33
          +2
          Quote: Stas57
          Most likely, during the filming, the real Lewis was simply defective or there were no empty cartridges for it.

          No, they just didn’t find the machine gun at all, so I had to trick. This is from the memories of the filmmakers
        2. Chiropractor
          Chiropractor April 22 2016 15: 22
          0
          Why in kamenty quote from the article?

          Gochkinsk-22 also featured in the "Sun" ...
          1. Stas57
            Stas57 April 22 2016 20: 52
            0
            Why in kamenty quote from the article?


            bionik
            wrote that in the White sun was not Hotchkiss.
            I quoted this fragment.
            however, his koment removed remained only mine.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. bionik
      bionik April 21 2016 06: 42
      +14
      "White Sun of the Desert" DP make up as Lewis.
    3. Baron Wrangell
      Baron Wrangell April 21 2016 08: 04
      +10
      Quote: Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik (1) Today, 06: 18 New
      the legendary machine gun, in almost all films about the civil war was used like the easel "maxim"! article is a big plus

      A classic of the genre "At home among strangers, a stranger among friends", although in my opinion it is also camouflage.
      1. vkl.47
        vkl.47 April 21 2016 08: 36
        +1
        also featured in the “show mask”. where they delivered the clientele to themselves by ambulance using a machine gun)
        1. AUL
          AUL April 21 2016 09: 38
          +3
          No guys, I won’t give you a machine gun!
          And what kind of machine gun did Vereshchagin give Sukhov, who remembers?
          1. Andrey77
            Andrey77 April 21 2016 12: 01
            +3
            RPD, without a store. There was a topic on the Hansa.
            1. wadim13
              wadim13 April 21 2016 15: 16
              +3
              I read somewhere that it was RP-46. His wife Vereshchagin and threw into the water.
              1. Andrey77
                Andrey77 April 23 2016 11: 18
                0
                It is he. RPD-46.
          2. bionik
            bionik April 21 2016 15: 42
            +4
            I read on one site that this is Hotchkiss arr. 1922. Link: samlib.ru/k/kostin_k_a/oruzhiewfilxmebeloesolncepustyni.shtml
      2. dkflbvbh
        dkflbvbh April 21 2016 13: 58
        +1
        Baron Wrangel RU Today, 08:04 ↑
        Classics of the genre "At home among strangers, a stranger among friends", although in my opinion too camouflage.

        Sukhov’s - yes, but Mikhalkov keeps it very similar (the disk is only without ribs)
      3. veteran66
        veteran66 April 21 2016 19: 35
        +1
        Quote: Baron Wrangel
        although in my opinion also camouflage.

        of course, even the disc was not ribbed (the disc, most likely, from YES or DT) and the bell of the "tar" is visible in the pipe, and the reload handle is from below.
  2. Pitot
    Pitot April 21 2016 06: 50
    +4
    Yes, a decent machine among many others. Good car. And the article is solid, thanks for the info.
  3. veteran66
    veteran66 April 21 2016 06: 53
    +3
    Handsome - a machine gun !!!
    1. igordok
      igordok April 21 2016 13: 50
      +14
      Quote: veteran66
      Handsome - a machine gun !!!

      1. dumkopff
        dumkopff April 21 2016 20: 09
        +3
        Thank you very much for this video. Very detailed and intelligibly shown the scheme of the machine gun. The spatial imagination of the gunsmith engineers, who in their heads were able to imagine all these numerous connections, is striking.
        1. ICT
          ICT April 21 2016 20: 43
          +1
          Quote: dumkopff
          The spatial imagination of the gunsmith engineers, who in their heads were able to imagine all these numerous connections, is striking.



          PTA -7MK, there generally only under LSD ALL KINEMATICS MAY DREAM
  4. Owl
    Owl April 21 2016 07: 06
    +3
    Interestingly, in addition to "their" 7,7x56 mm (.303 British), 7,62x63 mm (.30-06 Springfield), a machine gun chambered for 7,62x54 mm R.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets April 21 2016 08: 42
      +3
      Quote: Eagle Owl
      Interestingly, in addition to "their" 7,7x56 mm (.303 British), 7,62x63 mm (.30-06 Springfield), a machine gun chambered for 7,62x54 mm R.

      Now I have looked diagonally through the books by S. Fedoseev. "Machine guns of the Russian army in battle" and "TV 2003.02 Machine guns in World War I." Bolotin.D.N. "History of Soviet small arms and ammunition" I did not find mention of machine guns "Lewis "under the Russian patron. But the fact that the cartridges for foreign weapons in Russia were produced by the Petrograd cartridge, I found several references. And the fact that Russia ordered abroad during the First World War is also true.
      Quote: bionik
      "White Sun of the Desert" DP make up as Lewis.

      Here I already mentioned the book of Bolotin. It contains photographs of the experimental machine guns of Fedorov and Degtyarev, cooled by Lewis. But you need to look for the Red Book, editions of the 1980s. In the later book, there seems to be only one photograph.
      1. Aleksandr72
        Aleksandr72 April 21 2016 17: 01
        +5
        There is a book in my library: D.N. Bolotin - Soviet small arms. M. Military Publishing. 1990. In this book, Fedorov V.G. and small arms (machine guns) created on its basis is devoted to Chapter One - "The Fedorov assault rifle and the unification of small arms on its basis." This chapter tells about the development of a machine gun by Fedorov and further work of the tandem of two great Russian gunsmiths - Fedorov V.G. and Degtyareva V.A. over the creation of a unified weapon system based on the 6,5 mm Fedorov assault rifle. The chapter contains a whole series of photographs (though not very good quality). I will just list them (with a small comment): 1 - 6,5-mm automatic machine of the Fedorov system, model 1916, 2 - 6,5-mm light machine gun of the Fedorov-Degtyarev system, a prototype of 1921 (the same one with cooling type of Lewis machine gun with an aluminum radiator around the barrel), 3- 6,5-mm light machine gun of the Fedorov-Degtyarev system, prototype 1922 (the barrel is enclosed in a metal casing with oval windows - such as that of the PPD submachine gun), 3- 6,5-mm water-cooled Fedorov-Degtyarev light machine gun, prototype 1922 (around the barrel a metal casing with water inside - like the German MG-08/15 handbrake), 4-6,5 mm coaxial light machine gun of the system Fedorov-Shpagin, a prototype of 1921 (two machine guns paired with a magazine turned upside down with a pistol grip for fire control and a metal shoulder rest) - all machine guns are equipped with a sector box magazine for 25 rounds.
        Further in the chapter: 5- 6,5-mm aircraft machine gun of the Fedorov-Degtyarev system, prototype 1922, 6- 6,5-mm coaxial aviation machine gun of the Fedorov-Degtyarev system, prototype 1922, 6,5-mm a built-in aircraft machine gun of the Fedorov-Degtyarev system, a prototype of 1925 (there was one!) - all are equipped with a disk magazine for 50 rounds (Degtyarev then adapted it for the Russian cartridge 7,62x54R, reducing the capacity to 47 rounds, for his DP light machine gun And finally - a 6,5-mm coaxial tank machine gun of the Fedorov-Ivanov system, improved by GS Shpangin, a prototype of 1925 (in the "apple" of a ball mount with magazines for 25 rounds - in fact, a tank version of a coaxial machine gun of the system Fedorov-Shpagin 1921) - as far as I know, this last one was even produced in a small series and installed on MS-1 (T-18) tanks - at least in prototypes and the first production tanks for sure.
        And the cover of my book is red.
        I have the honor. hi drinks
  5. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 April 21 2016 07: 11
    +8
    There is no prophet in his own country - this is also true for the USA, thanks to:
    Initially, Lewis wanted to offer his product to the American army, but received a tough refusal, which was caused by an inveterate personal conflict between the designer and General Crozier, who at that time was the head of the US Army’s weapons department.

    instead of a good machine gun of its own design, the McLean-Lewis system was forced to use the French squalor - the under-machine gun of the Shosh, Suther and Ribeirol systems (fr. Fusil-Mitrailleur Chauchat Mle 1 CSRG) instead of a good machine gun of its own design of the McLean-Lewis system. And having been tormented with the original French image of the Mle 1915 - the 1915 model under the full-time French rifle cartridge 1915 × 8 mm R, the Americans reincarnated this squalor under their own .50-30, having received the modification M06 - modification of 1918 under the full-time American cartridge 1918, at the output 7,62 × 63 mm, with a modified barrel and magazine capacity of 16 rounds. Which as a result was even worse than the original.
    There is evidence that the conflict between Lewis and Crozier had a corruption component on the part of the latter, I would like to hear from colleagues confirmation of this (or not confirmation).
    By the way, Lewis light machine guns could have entered the Red Army not only from the depots of weapons left over from the times of the Imperialist and Civil War, the armies of the Baltic limitrophes, along with other foreign weapons (most often of German and British production), were also armed with Lewis under the British cartridge .303, aka 7,71 mm caliber. After the Baltic "tigers" became part of the USSR, these machine guns could well have ended up in the warehouses of the Red Army as captured weapons and, as a result, used in the defense of Moscow, as well as captured Polish weapons captured during the 1939 Liberation Campaign.
    Photo of the "lucky but unsuccessful" competitor of the Lewis machine gun - the same Shosha that was used by the US Army:
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 April 21 2016 07: 49
      +4
      This monster has a slightly better foreshortening.
    2. Amurets
      Amurets April 21 2016 16: 28
      +1
      Quote: Aleksandr72
      There is evidence that the conflict between Lewis and Crozier had a corruption component on the part of the latter, I would like to hear from colleagues confirmation of this (or not confirmation).

      Unfortunately, I can neither confirm nor deny this. I looked at what I have on machine guns, I did not see any mention of such a fact. Basically, we are talking about machine gun designs. Roger Ford's book "Infernal Mower can give a lot about the history of the machine gun. . "and S. Fedoseev" Machine guns of Russia. Heavy fire. "A lot about machine guns have S. Fedoseev in Tiv magazines, if memory serves, then somewhere since 2000. You should look at the paired numbers. usually a book about weapons is printed.
  6. parusnik
    parusnik April 21 2016 07: 37
    +1
    "Star" of Soviet films ... And the machine gun itself, a worthy comrade ... served ..
    1. ICT
      ICT April 21 2016 07: 54
      +9
      ...........
      a couple of photos, aviation series



      1. Sea snake
        Sea snake April 21 2016 08: 42
        +5
        Quote: TIT
        ...........
        a couple of photos, aviation series


        Interesting!
        You:
        In the first photo of the Lewis Mk III with a bag, a cartridge case and a Norman weather vane sight
        In the third photo, Lewis Mk II with a bag, a cartridge case and a magazine for 47 rounds
        =====================
        And it was like that -

        The first version of the aviation version of the Lewis machine gun - Lewis Mk I
        ======================

        Lewis Mk II on the installation of Foster

        Lewis Mk II store replacement at a Foster installation
        =====================


        With two Lewis Mk III on the upper wing
  7. Haway_Nordik
    Haway_Nordik April 21 2016 08: 09
    0
    Cool stuff! That would have gotten myself.
    A similar casing is used on the control panel.
    1. dumkopff
      dumkopff April 21 2016 20: 15
      0
      And for what purpose do you need a machine gun, citizen?
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Haway_Nordik
        Haway_Nordik April 22 2016 04: 36
        0
        Well, what if it’s a dashing time? Bandits of all kinds will be divorced. Comrade Sukhov, a competent person in the matter of contacts with bandits, has clearly shown that one cannot hope for success without a machine gun. And the classic said: "In case of various troubles, we have" Maxim ", they do not have it." These words are still relevant today. "Maxim" means a machine gun, the only one at that time, if I'm not mistaken.
        But seriously, I really love such things: sincere, charismatic, with a history, iron, etc., and if this is a weapon, then generally a song) How nice it is to touch them, iron them, clean them, admire them ... Somehow I happened to hold them in hands a real "Luger" - almost finished off))
        I can clean my weapons for hours and shoot them too.
  8. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 21 2016 08: 16
    0
    Good article!!!! Thank !!!! And the machine gun helped us great, and the Britons in SAS jeeps put the aviation versions and drove famously through the desert !!!!! Well, in the White Sun - he’s acting as an actor! That's what guys - I won’t give you a machine gun !!!)) )
    1. bionik
      bionik April 21 2016 08: 39
      +1
      Quote: Volga Cossack
      Britons in jeeps CAC aviation versions set and famously drove through the desert !!!!

      SAS had Vickers. Lieutenant Edward MacDonald (Edward MacDonald) in the patrol of the British SAS (Special Air Service) in Jeep SAS cars (modified desert conditions American Willys MB jeep) in the North African desert. The vehicles are equipped with 7,7 mm Vickers K machine guns and 12,7 mm Browning M2 machine guns.
  9. Chukcha
    Chukcha April 21 2016 09: 43
    0
    The cooling system is just brilliant. I thought - if you tried the same at the "maximum", would it be good?
    1. pimen
      pimen April 21 2016 12: 35
      0
      what brilliant? With Maxim and did not stand next. When shooting - a small thrust, in pauses - on the contrary, the stove; and if the breeze, snow and rain - by
  10. Whowhy
    Whowhy April 21 2016 09: 58
    0
    It's funny - almost 100 years have passed from Lewis to Pecheneg, and the difference is very small ...
  11. Romanenko
    Romanenko April 21 2016 10: 11
    0
    As a child I read about this machine gun in the old magazine Around the World in 1915, it was interestingly called there - the Lewis machine gun, not Lewis
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I April 21 2016 14: 43
      +2
      Lewis-Lewis- (Lewis transliteration)
  12. diglator
    diglator April 21 2016 10: 47
    +3
    "Two comrades served", in the episode of the storming of Perekop there is a short scene where the hero of Jankowski famously "pours" from Lewis from the hip smile
    1. bionik
      bionik April 21 2016 11: 46
      +4
      Quote: diglator
      there is a short scene where the hero of Jankowski famously "pours" from Lewis from the hip smile
  13. Demeter
    Demeter April 21 2016 10: 51
    +2
    It was a good car, reliable, killer, and a cooling radiator on the barrel allowed continuous fire for a long time.
  14. Forever so
    Forever so April 21 2016 18: 22
    0
    Done well, lives a very long time. I’ve read about some fellow travelers here, they have a machine gun there, that is, a bolt with a crank drive, one shoots, the other twists, but not Gatling. And it became interesting to himself, but is it possible, practically in the absence of springs and structural steels, to make a sort of machine gun, and it turned out to be possible. Two barrels, two bolts and are connected by a rocker arm, and as dampers, roughly processed pistons in the same cylinders are used, well, as shock absorbers were on pre-war Mercians. And lamp or hemp oil. It remains to wind the unitary))
    1. ICT
      ICT April 21 2016 21: 38
      +1
      Quote: Forever so
      Two barrels, two locks and are connected by a rocker arm, and as dampers, roughly processed pistons in the same cylinders are used

      Mud-Shipunov?

    2. Amurets
      Amurets April 22 2016 01: 55
      0
      Quote: Forever so
      Done well, lives a very long time. I’ve read about some fellow travelers here, they have a machine gun there, that is, a bolt with a crank drive, one shoots, the other twists, but not Gatling.

      The scheme of mechanical machine guns driven by internal combustion engines was widely developed in the 20-30s of the last century, but such weapons did not reach mass production. And a similar pair of machine guns was also in the 30s.
  15. PKK
    PKK April 21 2016 18: 59
    0
    I hope in the old days, too, short-haired guys often went to machine gunners.
    1. dumkopff
      dumkopff April 21 2016 20: 21
      +3
      It is doubtful. A machine gun weight of 13 kg hints at the non-weak physical characteristics of the machine gunner.
    2. uwzek
      uwzek April 21 2016 21: 18
      +1
      Quote: PKK
      I hope in the old days, often undersized guys went to machine gunners

      First of all, at least they understand something in mathematics (I'm talking about ballistics). Or capable, like mantra-spells, remember the instructions on the shooting and the table of amendments ...
  16. not main
    not main April 21 2016 21: 12
    0
    Quote: dumkopff
    And for what purpose do you need a machine gun, citizen?

    Raven to shoot! Tired of infection!
  17. bionik
    bionik April 23 2016 11: 28
    0
    A group of shooters guarding the Vaigach expedition of the OGPU with full armament. Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) national district. Krasnoyarsk region. RSFSR. THE USSR. 1930 year.