Military Review

The history of the single-barreled "Grad", created "specially for Vietnam"

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The channel "Star" has published on its website a material that tells about stories create unique weapons for the Vietnamese partisans - a compact installation "Grad". Reports about it Rossiyskaya Gazeta.




“Mobile version received an index of“ Grad-P ”. The additional letter stands for “portable”, although in the arms circles it is not called anything other than “partisan”. You can see a unique weapon in the museum of the Tula NPO Splav, where it was invented, ”the newspaper writes.

The history of its creation was told by the General Designer of Splav, Nikolay Makarovets: “
Installation was created specifically for Vietnam. When the country asked for help from the Soviet government, the idea arose of using single launchers there. ”


Why did the Vietnamese need a single “Grad”? It's simple: “a compact installation on a tripod could be taken apart, carried to the jungle, hidden in a swamp or buried in the ground, then, if necessary, reach and hit American airfields.” At the same time, the effect of a multi-barreled installation was achieved by simultaneous firing of hundreds of single-track engines.

“For Americans, the appearance of this weapon caused a shock. And our designers accomplished the feat, because they created the installation in 10 days. Worked day and night ",
noted Makarovets.

According to the newspaper, "the launch tube and shells were divided into parts suitable for carrying or transporting on pack animals." There was a groove in the tube that gave the projectile a spin. The launches were made using a remote control with a 20-meter cable.

Photos used:
http://rg.ru
30 comments
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  1. Error
    Error April 20 2016 11: 45
    +5
    Only ours can create a friend simple and effective! For a simple partisan! No wonder the price-effectiveness of our weapons is recognized throughout the world.
    1. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith April 20 2016 11: 50
      +21
      Widely used by Cossacks in the LPR
      1. cniza
        cniza April 20 2016 11: 59
        +6
        I never heard of such weapons, I never cease to be surprised at the truth that our engineers and scientists chose innovative approaches and won, it turned out quickly, cheaply and efficiently.
        1. Pinkie F.
          Pinkie F. April 20 2016 12: 45
          +3
          Quote: cniza
          I never cease to be surprised at the truth that our engineers and scientists chose innovative approaches

          and what is non-standard? In 1944, the British had a portable LILO, and the M12E1 states in Okinawa. The point is not in the "non-standard approach".
          I think, by the way, it is appropriate to honor the memory of Gennady Alekseevich Denezhkin, who left this year.
        2. Dryuya2
          Dryuya2 April 20 2016 13: 45
          +1
          Quote: cniza
          I never heard of such weapons

          "Tornado" to the enemy. Military acceptance
        3. Unclevanj
          Unclevanj April 20 2016 18: 23
          +3
          The Vietnamese also used it interestingly, the installations spread around the American base around the perimeter at a distance of 10 km and fired simultaneously, in general, while on the base they figured out what the installations were disassembling and hiding, and the arrows were quietly going about their business.
      2. Stalker.1977
        Stalker.1977 April 20 2016 12: 09
        +5
        Constructor: GNPP "Alloy"
        Designed: 1965
        Producer: Plant No. 575
        Years of production: from 1965 to 1972
        Total Released: Over 1380
        Options: 9P132, 9K510
        Characteristics
        Weight, kg: 55
        Length, mm: 2100
        Barrel length, mm: 1800
        Width, mm: 1500
        Height, mm: 1500
        Crew (calculation), people: 5
        Caliber, mm: 122,4
        Carriage: tripod
        Elevation: +10 .. + 40
        Rotation angle: -7 .. + 7
        Rate of fire
        rounds / min: 1
        Sighting range, m: 2000 10
        Maximum
        range, m: 15 (with an experimental shell)
        Type of ammunition: manual
        Sight: PBO-2
        Explosive: TGAF-5
        Explosive mass, kg: 6,4
  2. sever.56
    sever.56 April 20 2016 11: 46
    +2
    Still, the Vietnamese broke the Americans well!
    They used everything they could - starting from the pits, with pointed bamboo stakes, and ending with the S-75. Thousands of aircraft alone were shot down.
    I can imagine what was happening in the place where, from different directions, at the same time, a volley was fired from these installations ... Beauty !!!
    1. andrewkor
      andrewkor April 20 2016 18: 35
      +1
      on the S-75 they removed the self-liquidator and fired at doubled range!
  3. BilliBoms09
    BilliBoms09 April 20 2016 11: 46
    +1

    “The mobile version received the Grad-P index. The additional letter stands for "portable", although in the arms circles I do not call it otherwise than "partisan"
    Our man is very creative. I read that at the beginning of the Second World War, before the appearance of "Katyushas", when almost all of our aviation was destroyed, and there were a lot of PCs left, then they decided to launch them from slate sheets. Slate as guides.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Mama_Cholli
      Mama_Cholli April 20 2016 12: 15
      +1
      Quote: BilliBoms09

      “The mobile version received the Grad-P index. The additional letter stands for "portable", although in the arms circles I do not call it otherwise than "partisan"
      Our man is very creative. I read that at the beginning of the Second World War, before the appearance of "Katyushas", when almost all of our aviation was destroyed, and there were a lot of PCs left, then they decided to launch them from slate sheets. Slate as guides.

      Ours still invented the "flying torpedo". They took Katyusha's shell, inserted it into an empty iron barrel, which was then poured with tar. They launched from wooden guides, I don't know how with accuracy, but with power everything was fine there ...
  4. Fregate
    Fregate April 20 2016 11: 47
    +1
    Wow smile . Similar to LNG-9. Well, or ATGM))
    1. sub307
      sub307 April 20 2016 15: 35
      +1
      Yes, it looks like LNG. Lighter LNG - 47,6 kg., Shoots more often - 6 rounds / min, but shoots much closer - up to 4500m. well, 122,4 mm versus 73 mm. (as they say - "size matters"). For the guerrilla tactics of warfare, the Vietnamese apparently even "liked the Grad".
    2. The comment was deleted.
  5. alex-cn
    alex-cn April 20 2016 11: 48
    +2
    A cool product in its own way.
    "simultaneous shooting from hundreds of" single-barrels "." This is yes, a pogrom ...
    I think that one or two missiles arriving at the base at night will deprive the enemy of sleep for a week ...
    1. Cananecat
      Cananecat April 20 2016 11: 56
      +6
      A massive attack from different points creates a battery effect and makes it difficult to determine the location ... offset. )))
  6. PKK
    PKK April 20 2016 11: 50
    0
    Now everyone who is interested in beating each other from such a trunk into each other from different interests. Personally, I would have made them double-barreled. One is not that.
  7. lexx2038
    lexx2038 April 20 2016 11: 52
    +3
    This is yes, an ideal weapon for partisans and terrorists. (terrorists, these are bad partisans)
  8. pts-m
    pts-m April 20 2016 11: 54
    +1
    A convenient thing, at least on a horse-drawn cart, place and act.
  9. Izotovp
    Izotovp April 20 2016 12: 02
    0
    And if it is also a cassette ... wassat
  10. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter April 20 2016 12: 04
    +4
    Here he is, the grandfather of "Kassam" Only the granddaughters in the crooked Arabian hands turned out to be crooked. Grandpa is cheerful.
    A little shamanistic shells, combined with an inertial correction system - will be a terrible weapon.
  11. vladimirw
    vladimirw April 20 2016 12: 06
    +1
    Why is it in a museum? Must be given to DLNR
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA April 20 2016 12: 50
      +4
      Quote: vladimirw
      Why is it in a museum? Must be given to DLNR

      There it is.
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. demiurg
    demiurg April 20 2016 12: 41
    +2
    Quote: Mountain Shooter
    Here he is, the grandfather of "Kassam" Only the granddaughters in the crooked Arabian hands turned out to be crooked. Grandpa is cheerful.
    A little shamanistic shells, combined with an inertial correction system - will be a terrible weapon.

    Kassams like Katyusha shells copy. But the idea is exactly copied. They do not pay for the license, the Herods are damned. lol
    1. igor67
      igor67 April 20 2016 13: 13
      +1
      Quote: demiurg
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      Here he is, the grandfather of "Kassam" Only the granddaughters in the crooked Arabian hands turned out to be crooked. Grandpa is cheerful.
      A little shamanistic shells, combined with an inertial correction system - will be a terrible weapon.

      Kassams like Katyusha shells copy. But the idea is exactly copied. They do not pay for the license, the Herods are damned. lol

      On the headband (photo) from the Israel Museum
  14. Yarik76
    Yarik76 April 20 2016 13: 23
    0
    For certain tasks, weapons are great.
  15. demiurg
    demiurg April 20 2016 14: 22
    +1
    Quote: igor67
    Quote: demiurg
    Quote: Mountain Shooter
    Here he is, the grandfather of "Kassam" Only the granddaughters in the crooked Arabian hands turned out to be crooked. Grandpa is cheerful.
    A little shamanistic shells, combined with an inertial correction system - will be a terrible weapon.

    Kassams like Katyusha shells copy. But the idea is exactly copied. They do not pay for the license, the Herods are damned. lol

    On the headband (photo) from the Israel Museum

    After your wars with the Arabs, your museums of our technology are no worse than ours lol
    1. igor67
      igor67 April 20 2016 14: 39
      0
      This one fell not far from my home, in 2006, from Lebanon
  16. igor67
    igor67 April 20 2016 14: 33
    +2
    Quote: demiurg
    Quote: igor67
    Quote: demiurg
    Quote: Mountain Shooter
    Here he is, the grandfather of "Kassam" Only the granddaughters in the crooked Arabian hands turned out to be crooked. Grandpa is cheerful.
    A little shamanistic shells, combined with an inertial correction system - will be a terrible weapon.

    Kassams like Katyusha shells copy. But the idea is exactly copied. They do not pay for the license, the Herods are damned. lol

    On the headband (photo) from the Israel Museum

    After your wars with the Arabs, your museums of our technology are no worse than ours lol

    In principle, yes, last year there was a decent collection in the Latrun Tank Museum and you can climb tanks, in Tel Aviv there is a good museum.
  17. igor67
    igor67 April 20 2016 14: 51
    0
    I’m keeping it at home, only the meaning is in a single pipe, there is no aiming, the probability of getting into a city in a densely populated building is also low
  18. YarGa
    YarGa April 20 2016 15: 58
    0
    You can see the unique weapon in the museum of the Tula NPO Splav, where it was invented, ”the newspaper writes. laughing
    In the Donbass, the Vietnamese in bulk. Run in flip flops and drag * Partisans *. laughing museum ...
  19. Number 17
    Number 17 April 20 2016 21: 32
    0
    Very similar to cng9m