Military Review

Fighters of the fourth dimension

68
Russian special operations forces have chosen an adaptive approach.


The command of special operations forces remains one of the most closed structures in the Russian Armed Forces. It is known that in the last six months alone, two MTR fighters died in Syria: Fyodor Zhuravlev and Alexander Prokhorenko who has become posthumously the Hero of Russia.

The military personnel of special operations forces performed the most important tasks. They directed and corrected airstrikes, including cruise missiles, on the positions of the “Islamic state” banned in Russia, rescued the flight recorders of the Russian Su-24M fighter bomber shot down by the Turkish Air Force. This is a small part of the list.

Fees in Solnechnogorsk


History The special operations forces began in 1999, when the Training Center for Specialists was established in Solnechnogorsk, Moscow Region, and in fact a special-purpose military unit, reporting directly to the Chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate. Later, the center was named “Senezh”, and the fighters began to be called “sunflowers”. One of the founding fathers was the then Chief of General Staff, Army General Anatoly Kvashnin.

Sometimes this center is called a training center, but according to several interlocutors of the “Military-Industrial Courier”, “Senezh” never wore such a “prefix”, and the phrase “training of specialists” served as a cover rather than emphasizing the special status of the unit.

Initially, four areas of special operations were formed. Airborne fighters practiced challenging jumps - both long and with a parachute opening immediately after separation from the side. Possession of such methods allows special forces to fly dozens of kilometers unnoticed by the enemy. Experts jumped day and night using night-vision devices in bad weather, with strong wind and fog.

The military men of the mountain direction became combat climbers, learned how to storm high mountain peaks, to capture and hold passes, glaciers. The training of specialists took place, in particular, on the basis of the Terskol training center located in the Elbrus region. The fighters made difficult ascents, even climbed to the top of Elbrus.

Special forces of the assault direction learned not only to take houses and other structures. The tasks were set much wider - the seizure of enemy targets in various conditions, on any terrain.

The men of the sea direction mastered various water areas, practiced actions in diving equipment with the use of special tugboats and light boats. We learned to capture ships and coastal structures.

Already from the experience of hostilities in Chechnya, a fifth area appeared in the center - the protection of high-ranking military. The Defense Minister is protected by officers of the Federal Security Service But in the conditions of military operations, such officials as the chief of the General Staff, the commander of the troops of the district, used to be accompanied at best by reconnaissance or special forces. The training of such “guards”, to put it mildly, left much to be desired. Therefore, the question of creating a specialized unit dedicated to the protection of high-ranking representatives of the Ministry of Defense was acute before the emergence of the fifth direction.

Fighters of the fourth dimensionAt the same time, according to the interlocutors of the “Military-Industrial Courier”, in the center there was never a rigid binding of the fighters to a specific direction. All the "sunflowers" learned to jump with a parachute, go to the mountains, swim with an aqualung, storm at home. But depending on the tasks, individual elements of training for the fighters were more in-depth.

Moreover, the command tried to ensure that the specialists worked in several directions during their service. The exchange of experience, knowledge, skills and abilities between departments was carried out. For example, a fighter who came from the airborne direction to the sea, not only learned the peculiarities of working on the water, but also shared the skills of long parachute jumps with his comrades.

From the moment of their formation, the directions were staffed exclusively by officers and warrant officers. Conscripts served only in business units or drivers.

Future "sunflowers" were selected not only in units and subunits of the Airborne Forces and special forces, but also among tank crews, gunners, infantrymen, even air defense and RCBZ officers. Several times a year, “buyers” from the GRU visited military units, studied the personal affairs of military personnel and selected suitable candidates.

But this is how it all began. The officers and warrant officers arrived in Solnechnogorsk, where they were held the so-called fees, and in fact, entrance tests, where they tested and the physical training of future fighters MTR, and personal qualities, and most importantly - the ability to work in a team.

Sources of the Military-Industrial Courier emphasize that the main principle of the center is not to prepare an individual fighter with excellent skills and abilities, but to create a team acting as a single organism. This principle, which has been strictly observed throughout all the years of existence of Senezh, has always led sunflowers to victories.

Your way and cars for him


If we compare the organizational structure of the Center for Training Specialists with the American Delta and DEVGRU, the English 22 CAC regiment and the German KSK, performing similar tasks, it is striking that the Western “squadrons” (analogous to the directions in our center) have no orientation specific task - they are, if I may say so, universal. In particular, in the 22 regiment, each of the four squadrons is divided into four detachments: airborne, sea, mountain and automobile.

But as the Russian experience of combat special forces showed, the universal system is in most cases not optimal. For example, if a detachment of special operations forces conducts military operations in the mountains, then it is better to have in its composition more “climbers” and attack aircraft, but fewer paratroopers and sailors. Therefore, our specialists, unlike Westerners, act as consolidated detachments, where, depending on the task, groups from different directions are transferred. According to the interlocutors of the "MIC", this is not a universal, but an adaptive approach.

In the special operations forces of the NATO countries, it is considered necessary to create separate units trained to penetrate the enemy’s rear, make raids and ambushes on specialized vehicles, such as the Land Rover Pink Panther in the CN 22 regiment, the Pinzgauers in the American Delta ".

The experience of the Russian SSO showed that armored vehicles of the type of the domestic "Tiger" are in most cases not suitable for performing the tasks facing special operations forces. Therefore, the choice fell on the highly passable buggies, in the "Senezhe" highly praised Israeli SUV "Zibar".

From the very beginning, the leadership of the Russian center paid close attention not only to training snipers, but also to training specialists capable of conducting high-precision shooting and at the same time solving a wide range of tasks. Initially, Finnish high-precision TRG-42 complexes from Sako were purchased for these needs, and later British AWPs developed by the legendary shooter Malcolm Cooper appeared. Separately studied large-caliber sniper rifles of various firms, in particular the South African "Truvel".

In Chechnya and beyond the cordon


Immediately after the creation of the Specialist Training Center, his fighters found themselves on the front lines. In 1999, Wahhabi militants invaded Dagestan, but were defeated, and a few months later, Russian troops launched a counter-terrorist operation in Chechnya.

It is noteworthy that the name "sunflowers" was fixed for the fighters of the center after their first business trip to the Caucasus. On that trip, the servicemen donned Panamas, which were then not in other parts and units of special purpose. According to one version, the hats were from the SPN-2 summer field kit that had just appeared. According to another, Panamas, which the fighters saw in one of the American militants, were bought in a store selling Western uniforms and equipment. Whatever it was, for the unusual look, and also since the center is located not far from the suburban electric train station Sunflower, his fighters got the nickname “sunflowers”. Later, the drawing of a solar flower against the background of a crossed sword and arrow hit the center chevron.

Despite the fact that his activities in Chechnya are still under the heading "Top Secret", according to available information, "sunflowers" eliminated and seized high-ranking militants, found and destroyed the bases and caches of gangsters, solved other important tasks. As the interlocutors of "MIC" recall, it was not the 100 percent of the fighters of the center who were required to guarantee that the task would be completed, but all 300, were demanded from the center's fighters. They simply had no margin for error.

One event in the center does not like to remember. In the autumn of 1999, senior lieutenants Alexey Galkin and Vladimir Pakhomov were captured by Chechen militants. How experienced fighters found themselves in such a difficult situation is still unclear. But later, both officers, despite severe injuries, escaped from captivity and went to their own. Alexey Galkin became the Hero of Russia.

According to some reports, the fighters of the Center for the training of specialists not only fought in Chechnya, but also solved problems abroad. In particular, they participated in operations against pirates in the Horn of Africa.

The experience of military operations in Chechnya and foreign operations have shown that the subordination of the center to the chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate is not the most optimal solution. The head of military intelligence, for example, cannot give an order to the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force, so that the “sunflowers” ​​will be given an airplane or helicopters, a rather lengthy procedure is needed to prepare the request, and then to coordinate it. Meanwhile, in some cases, the time for the operation is measured in hours and minutes.

Two centers in the new look


The activities of Anatoly Serdyukov as Minister of Defense of Russia are still subject to serious criticism, but it was under him that the command of special operations forces was created. Just at the transition to the new look “sunflowers”, having received the official name of the center of special operations of the Ministry of Defense “Senezh”, they began to report directly to the Chief of General Staff.

Serdyukov visited the base in Solnechnogorsk near Moscow more than once. Money was allocated for the purchase of weapons and equipment, and several research projects were opened. The helicopter squadron from the Center for Combat Use of the Army transferred to the operational command of Senezh aviation in Torzhok. And in Tver, on a round-the-clock duty, there were military transport Il-76s, ready, if necessary, to deliver SSO fighters to designated points at any time.

It is believed that during the transition to the new look, Senezh, like the special-purpose brigades, was reduced, and many of its servicemen were either dismissed or retired. But it is not. According to the Military-Industrial Courier, the command of the center, taking advantage of this opportunity, conducted the certification of its fighters, selecting the best.

At the end of the 2000s, a second Special Purpose Center appeared in the Russian Defense Ministry, subordinate to the Chief of the Main Intelligence Directorate, dislocated in Kubinka, situated near Moscow. The appearance of the new CPS, nicknamed “Zaborobye”, is due to Lieutenant-General Alexander Miroshnichenko, who came to Anatoly Serdyukov’s post as deputy defense minister, who previously headed the “A” department of the Special Purpose Center of the FSB, in other words, Alpha.

Miroshnichenko and the management of Senezh immediately formed, to put it mildly, tensions. The former commander of Alpha believed that it was necessary to create the command of special operations forces of the Ministry of Defense, relying only on the experience of his former command. The command of the "sunflowers" reasonably stated that they have their own, equally serious developments and training school, and the tasks of Alpha and the special operations forces of the military department are different.

In the current situation, Serdyukov made a compromise decision - to create a second Special Purpose Center, the formation of which was entrusted to Aleksandr Miroshnichenko, who recruited former subordinates from the Special Operations Center of the Federal Security Service.

Employees of "Alpha", creating "Zaborobie", primarily focused on their own experience. The focus was on individual training of fighters, great attention was paid to physical training - at the level of high-performance sports. And the collective work, the key principle of Senezh, was not a priority for the creators of the new center.

The interlocutor of the "MIC" explains: "The" Alpha "is different. They were brought in a car to the place of the operation, they ran 50 meters and became heroes. Nobody wants to smell footcloths and crawl through the mountains for weeks - look for militants. ”

In 2013, this TsNS of the Ministry of Defense was subordinated to the command of special operations forces. The post of commander of the KSSO was taken by Major General Alexei Dyumin, who, according to knowledgeable people, in many ways became a compromise figure against the backdrop of the opposition of the management of Senezh and Alexander Miroshnichenko, who actively continued to implement the experience of the FSF special services center.

It is noteworthy that Zaborbie has maintained a close relationship with Alpha. Its former employees, as noted by many with whom the “Military-Industrial Courier” met, instilled in the fighters of the newly created center a desire at any price to be the best in everything.

We note the main thing - the fighters of both centers continued the traditions established by the founding fathers, performing the most difficult tasks: they defended the Olympics in Sochi, conducted a brilliant operation in the Crimea, and now work in Syria.
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/articles/30319
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech April 23 2016 05: 07
    +6
    In autumn 1999, senior lieutenants Alexei Galkin and Vladimir Pakhomov were captured by Chechen fighters. How experienced fighters found themselves in such a difficult situation is still unclear.

    INDICATIONS OF SENIOR LIEUTENANT ALEXEY GALKIN, NOVEMBER 1999



    Translator: Can you introduce yourself, please? 1
    Galkin: Assistant to the Chief of Staff Senior Lieutenant Galkin Alexei Viktorovich, employee of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Russian Federation.
    Journalist: May I ask how you got here?
    Galkin: Together with Colonel Ivanov 2 and Senior Lieutenant Pakhomov 3, I was detained on October 3 in the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria while trying to travel from Mozdok to the village of Bino-Yurt for a special mission.

    Someone from the staff in Chechnya could merge ... betrayal then crippled many lives.
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 April 23 2016 05: 51
      -3
      There is no betrayal, of course, but cowardice is also not forgiveness, I hope the message is clear? I understand there is no worse captivity, but it seems that our Russian heroes are not the ones who get captured all at once! if everything is not classified ... he shouldn’t say anything more! Or maybe you think differently, eh?
      1. Give the light
        Give the light April 23 2016 08: 23
        +39
        Have you been in captivity? Do not judge and do not make yourself a hero.
        1. igorka357
          igorka357 April 23 2016 11: 02
          +2
          Well, first of all, I’m not a hero from myself! Secondly, violation of the military regulations in wartime is punishable very harshly, and violation of the military regulations of special forces in general should be punished lethally!
        2. igorka357
          igorka357 April 23 2016 11: 25
          +2
          And you tell him about the hero! President of Russia Vladimir Putin awarded the title of Hero of Russia to Senior Lieutenant Alexander Prokhorenko, who died heroically during the operation in Syria. Something he did not want to be captured!
          1. Asadullah
            Asadullah April 24 2016 18: 54
            +14
            Something he did not want to get captured!


            Invalid comparison. Chechen war, strange war. Where the commercial issue was a component. This shows the level of motivation when the army was systematically destroyed from all directions. Ideologically, materially and physically. For example, to show your awareness of the tricks of the command with the bandits meant a quick end to your life, you could have been banged anywhere. And not necessarily the Czechs. Specialists were handed over in echelon, for no one knew why they were here, and suddenly they would find something else for what kind of stripper. Therefore, the combat mission was considered from the position that the chichi already know about it. And captivity, this is such a thing, no one even considers the option that the full will be silent. At best, the "legend" will run through.
            1. igorka357
              igorka357 April 26 2016 15: 46
              0
              You are for that war, and do not tell those heroes ... not for that, not for the second!
          2. garpastum75
            garpastum75 April 24 2016 20: 24
            +2
            Alexander, died during a night battle as part of a group, he did not even have the opportunity to get captured
          3. Kolyma
            Kolyma April 25 2016 07: 10
            -1
            ... and you don’t hide behind Prokhorenko, why did you drag him to your statements ?!
        3. gridasov
          gridasov April 23 2016 12: 20
          +5
          Absolutely right! There are no people who cannot be broken. Man is a robot. After a period of systemic influences, the criteria of heroism, patriotism, duty, etc. are simply destroyed. A person remains only with the criterion of how to survive. Therefore, special attention has always been paid to internal conspiracy theology, so that a person simply could not physically say what he does not know.
          However, there is some possibility of forming the work of the brain exclusively in a certain tone of the physical state. Then a person who is not in a certain state is simply not able to reproduce information outside such a psycho-physical state.
          Even if we recall the same Smirnov, then he completely worked on the basic system worked out by the Germans in the concentration camps. The psyche breaks down and a new base of perception is formed in an "empty" place.
          1. nikon7717
            nikon7717 April 24 2016 12: 36
            +4
            Speak correctly. And also there are special drugs, different methods of influencing psychology / consciousness (the simplest hypnosis).
        4. Sarmat149
          Sarmat149 April 24 2016 04: 59
          +4
          Wow, how many potential traitors are here. Here, something in due time I specially constantly carried the cartridge with myself, just in case.

          "The same LYOKHA" did not want to give another example, but their other examples, what is not?
          Of course there is, but as an example to me and others, he puts traitors.

          Provocateur.
          1. Same lech
            Same lech April 25 2016 04: 20
            0
            "The same LYOKHA" did not want to give another example, but their other examples, what is not?
            Of course there is, but as an example to me and others, he puts traitors.

            Provocateur.


            They recorded one person immediately as traitors and another as provocateurs ...

            Remember the film SERVED TWO FRIENDS ...

            so ... with you I would never go reconnaissance.
          2. igorka357
            igorka357 April 26 2016 15: 44
            0
            Here I am about the same thing, it seems that the people are looking for excuses in advance "Sorry, I betrayed the Motherland, but they have such cool executioners, and the medicines are cool, I am not to blame for anything" what kind of nonsense sad ?
      2. Razvedka_Boem
        Razvedka_Boem April 23 2016 08: 25
        +31
        You can break any. It is the matter of time.
        "But later both officers, despite severe injuries, escaped from captivity and went to their own. Alexey Galkin became a Hero of Russia."
        I think there are no comments here.
        "To make nails out of these people: It wouldn’t be tighter in the world of nails."
        1. igorka357
          igorka357 April 23 2016 11: 08
          0
          Break anyone say, talk a question of time? Badaber youth, Badaber, I can still give examples of heroism and courage .. I can easily, but is it worth it? In the know, what would happen to these officers in the Second World War, they would be fucked shot without trial as soon as would know that they posted information to the enemy! Notice we won that war with honor, which means we did everything right!
          1. Razvedka_Boem
            Razvedka_Boem April 23 2016 11: 21
            +4
            The time of my youth passed long ago.
            1. igorka357
              igorka357 April 23 2016 13: 11
              +2
              Well, what about courageous people, whose heroes of the USSR and Russia they didn’t break, who refused to change their faith, and didn’t you take off the crosses that you heard, who blew themselves up with mines and grenades along with at least a couple of enemies, didn’t hear? Who sacrificed themselves for What would the wounded comrades have time to move away? If not, then your youth passed in vain!
              1. gridasov
                gridasov April 23 2016 13: 18
                +10
                One does not replace the other. We love our homeland, we develop patriotism, we remember history, but we should not forget about the profession of a talented executioner. Moreover, a modern professional executioner is most often not a killer of the flesh, but a ruler of consciousness. I would say an "information digger". Therefore, professional fighters know that border after which it is better to use a thousand and one ways to remain a Hero, but not surrender to the enemy.
                1. igorka357
                  igorka357 April 23 2016 14: 16
                  +1
                  So am I, about the same friend!
                2. Mikhail3
                  Mikhail3 April 23 2016 19: 35
                  +2
                  Quote: gridasov
                  Moreover, the modern professional executioner is most often not a killer of the flesh, but a ruler of consciousness.

                  Right. One of the most important actions of such an executioner is to repeat, hammer, teach and remind everywhere and everywhere, they say, "you can break anyone." Thus, a stable tunnel is created for breaking the consciousness of the "object".
                  The main thing is to turn the fighter into an object. To convince him that he is no longer a warrior, that he is an object, a thing, that all sorts of patriotisms and the like no longer have power over him. Since this does not work well for Russians (there is an interesting historical experience), it is necessary to spread the "indisputable truth" as widely as possible.
                  As long as the Russian warrior feels himself to be such, no butchery has power over him. All that remains is to poison his mind with the fact that "you will break down anyway" and hope that he will surrender himself. How do you consciously spread the psycho-virus, or do you firmly believe in this poison? That is, are you processing or already processed?
                  1. Razvedka_Boem
                    Razvedka_Boem April 24 2016 07: 06
                    +6
                    If you addressed your comment to me, then I advise you to read the previous posts again. Igor 357 writes that the heroes are not the ones who get captured spread all the information. What there he laid out we do not know for sure how he was captured a dark story, maybe it was necessary, maybe betrayed.
                    With some skill, knowledge of psychology and enough time, ANYONE can be broken. And in our century, it can be done without the effects of the "third degree", there are drug methods.
                    Also, this Igorka357 gives an example of an escape from a camp in Afghanistan, speaks of mass heroism during the Second World War .. He brings down a heap. Although I talked about a few other things.
                    The same Igor357, doubts that the title of Hero of Russia, A. Galkin deservedly received. This title cannot be obtained for no reason, and without owning information, doubting these heroes is treason.
                    1. igorka357
                      igorka357 April 26 2016 15: 37
                      0
                      Firstly, I’m not this one for you, and secondly, I’ll give you a specific example of the unbroken heroes of Badaber, but I doubt that you know this case, since the village of Badaber is located in Pakistan! Further, Evgeny Rodionov, although you have not heard of him .. many heroes in the Second World War who were tortured in the Gestapo! In 94 under Yeltsinoid, the title of a hero was depreciated, the mess was complete, and someone had to be given something, I know by hearsay, and more .. I can give an example of how the militants released prisoners, or were forced to serve with them, to bring this Example, I think not worth it!
              2. Razvedka_Boem
                Razvedka_Boem April 23 2016 14: 43
                +4
                I was born in the USSR. I don’t understand that you are so excited. I said that you can break anyone. And also noted in the commentary that it is not worth doubting the fighters who escaped from captivity by the wounded.
                You don't know anything about me. Therefore, do not judge or draw conclusions. You may be in a funny position.
                1. Shark Lover
                  Shark Lover April 24 2016 05: 07
                  +4
                  You can break any. The main thing in intelligence is to know less. Know only what you are supposed to. Even when captured, splitting you, the enemy will know only one small episode, which, in principle, is not a secret. Part number, surname, etc., are not a big secret, directly such that it will affect the activities of special forces. Therefore, everyone performs what is entrusted to him, and the general task is known only at the very top. In general, it would be ridiculous and unprofessional to send people into direct contact with the enemy and trust him with top-secret information. Professionals always allow the possibility of captivity or death. This work.
                2. garpastum75
                  garpastum75 April 26 2016 13: 10
                  0
                  Even if they were exchanged. In battle, if there really was no task, or when moving forward, it doesn't matter, the "feed" can arrive. It is important how?
              3. Asadullah
                Asadullah April 24 2016 19: 02
                +4
                your youth passed in vain!


                laughing I hope yours will benefit! In fact, these questions are very subtle. Because they don’t talk about it. A person who has experienced pain, deprivation, standing at the edge, perceives all this very correctly, and is silent. Because there is no limit to pain and fear. Unless you're a cyborg of course. War is blood mixed in pain and fear. Huge hard work. The more you have this work behind you, the less inclined you are to judge.
      3. PKK
        PKK April 24 2016 14: 57
        -6
        Japanese ninjas have resolved this issue. When captured, they bite off their tongue and goodbye from shock.
        Ours remember what they are important and underestimated, how he loves himself, he becomes sorry for himself. Especially in the 41st. The Germans took off the mufflers from motorcycles, rode up with a roar to the positions of the Red Army men and they ran out with raised hands. Now the prisoners are even more. Prisoner is a state of mind .How the prisoners are quietly naminusuyut.
    2. yawa63
      yawa63 April 23 2016 06: 06
      +6
      These were not staffers.
    3. siberalt
      siberalt April 23 2016 07: 31
      +16
      It is hardly believed that a furniture merchant, who had no idea about the army before, could independently think of creating such specialized centers.
      1. creak
        creak April 23 2016 09: 28
        +12
        Quote: siberalt
        It is hardly believed that a furniture merchant, who had no idea about the army before, could independently think of creating such specialized centers.


        But do we think of Shoigu himself, or do all the same think the appropriate structures and services and prepare the appropriate proposals and developments?
        After all, there are departments of the Moscow Region, the General Staff and the High Command of the Species of the Armed Forces, etc. etc. Not all of them just sit out their pants and click their heels - although, unfortunately, there are some ...
        And sometimes instructions to the minister come down from above ...
        There are all sorts of options - the main thing is to put common sense at the forefront, and not departmental or personal ambitions ....
        And who first said A - is not so significant ...
      2. Samaritan
        Samaritan April 23 2016 11: 54
        +8
        Such centers have always been
        Back in the Second World War, Stalin created Bureau 1 and Bureau 2 was a special unit "Winner":
    4. Walking
      Walking April 23 2016 08: 06
      +9
      Quote: The same Lech
      In autumn 1999, senior lieutenants Alexei Galkin and Vladimir Pakhomov were captured by Chechen fighters. How experienced fighters found themselves in such a difficult situation is still unclear.

      INDICATIONS OF SENIOR LIEUTENANT ALEXEY GALKIN, NOVEMBER 1999



      Translator: Can you introduce yourself, please? 1
      Galkin: Assistant to the Chief of Staff Senior Lieutenant Galkin Alexei Viktorovich, employee of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Russian Federation.
      Journalist: May I ask how you got here?
      Galkin: Together with Colonel Ivanov 2 and Senior Lieutenant Pakhomov 3, I was detained on October 3 in the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria while trying to travel from Mozdok to the village of Bino-Yurt for a special mission.

      Someone from the staff in Chechnya could merge ... betrayal then crippled many lives.


      Is he showing his official identity? What personal documents are not being handed over when entering combat? This is secret information.
    5. TOR2
      TOR2 April 23 2016 12: 10
      +8
      Interestingly, and since when is it for the special. operations with you began to take real documents? A soldier can only have a certificate of a "society of book lovers" or "nature lovers" with him.
      1. Vadim42
        Vadim42 April 23 2016 13: 20
        +9
        The argument is nothing. When we don’t know why they were captured. Perhaps this is part of a well-thought-out operation, perhaps someone's betrayal, but the fact that they got out on their own and simply do not give the hero's star.
        1. Gamdlislyam
          Gamdlislyam April 23 2016 19: 07
          +3
          Quote: Vadim42
          Perhaps this is part of a well-thought-out operation, perhaps someone is a betrayal, but the fact that they got out on their own and simply do not give the hero's star.

          Information from the site "Heroes of the Country":
          Galkin Alexei Viktorovich - commander of the intelligence group of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, major.
          Born on April 11, 1970 in the city of Cherkasy, Ukrainian SSR. In 1992 he graduated from high school. He worked as a locksmith.
          He was called up for military service by the Cherkasy city military registration and enlistment office. In 1996 he graduated with a gold medal from the Novosibirsk Military Combined Arms Command School.
          From 1996 to 2002, reconnaissance officer A.V. Galkin, while serving in the North Caucasus Military District, repeatedly took part in counter-terrorism combat and special operations.
          In the fall of 2002, an intelligence group under the command of Major A.V. Galkin during a special operation seized important documents confirming the involvement of international terrorism in the conduct of anti-constitutional activities in the Chechen Republic, which were submitted to the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin.
          By decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 1311 of November 10, 2002, for courage and heroism shown during the performance of a special task, Major Galkin Alexei Viktorovich was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation.
          At present, Colonel (now Major General) A.V. Galkin continues to serve in the special forces.
          He was awarded the Order of Merit to the Fatherland, 4th degree, medals.
          At the memorial to the Heroes - graduates of the Novosibirsk Military Combined Arms Command School, a bust of Hero of Russia A.V. Galkin was installed.
          http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=12698
      2. teacher
        teacher April 23 2016 15: 17
        +4
        Quote: TOR2
        Interestingly, and since when is it for the special. operations with you began to take real documents? A soldier can only have a certificate of a "society of book lovers" or "nature lovers" with him.

        Actually, in Chechnya, both opera and special forces with ksivs were dissecting then
  2. Nikoha.2010
    Nikoha.2010 April 23 2016 05: 15
    +6
    Someone from the staff in Chechnya could merge ... betrayal then crippled many lives.

    Alexei I wish you good health! There is no sin worse than betrayal, somehow!
    1. Same lech
      Same lech April 23 2016 05: 23
      0
      Hello Sergey. hi
      1. Nikoha.2010
        Nikoha.2010 April 23 2016 05: 28
        0
        Good morning Alexey! drinks
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. The comment was deleted.
  3. godofwar6699
    godofwar6699 April 23 2016 05: 37
    +13
    soldier ..........
  4. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn April 23 2016 06: 06
    -5
    An interesting article, but whatever was created under Serdyukov, ultimately had the goal of cutting money, as time has shown.
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 April 23 2016 07: 07
      +8
      Time now shows that Russia, it’s not too sick of babosos for Serdyukov Mistral, it certainly doesn’t justify it .. however .. right now Egypt will buy our radio electronics, and finally it will work fine, there they’re like to order PLO helicopters not from us, but drummers still do not know where they will buy! You take an interest!
      1. Perseus
        Perseus April 23 2016 08: 29
        +7
        Serdyukov has nothing to do with "Mistrals" at all, it was a political decision of the country's leadership, we have Mistrals, they have Avtovaz, and so on little things ...
      2. Perseus
        Perseus April 23 2016 08: 29
        -1
        Serdyukov has nothing to do with "Mistrals" at all, it was a political decision of the country's leadership, we have Mistrals, they have Avtovaz, and so on little things ...
        1. Come on
          Come on April 23 2016 12: 25
          +3
          The Minister of Defense has nothing to do with the purchase of warships, all the more so of this class, especially of such significance ??! Well, you don’t like Serdyukov, whoever likes him, but no matter how you say it, he kicked the Moscow Region, made the military-industrial complex work, carried out many necessary and useful reforms, and dismissed a bunch of parasites. And the fact that he was involved in the cuts, so where in the Russian Federation this is not? They wouldn’t have caught him in shorts and slippers at Vasilyeva’s apartment, maybe there wasn’t any buoy. Yes, and that lament, thief, not a thief? The authorities believe that neither he nor his women are thieves, but efficient and professional business executives, and what people think, who cares?
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. PKK
          PKK April 25 2016 06: 35
          +3
          There are a lot of "politicians" here who do not know about Serdyukov's distraction. Very weak level of local "politicians", at the level of newspapers and TV, only show and minus, like I'm "cool". Let's minus sons.
    2. Nikoha.2010
      Nikoha.2010 April 23 2016 08: 56
      +16
      Quote: cth; fyn
      An interesting article, but whatever was created under Serdyukov, ultimately had the goal of cutting money, as time has shown.

      Yes, you got it with Serdyukov! And Dima is a gadget, as he said: "Why are you indignant? We have 95-th gasoline 55 cents, in SASHA 56, in Polyandia $ 1, so also cancel the tax on vehicles! So we won't have good roads!" Yes, where did you bitch see good roads? They complained to Vovka, but they strained the fish factory, but all over Russia what? Marasmus on the outskirts? Look around! I'm not a Liberast, but a bitch! And everyone is smiling! And everyone is good? Shoot like in China! Death to all the bribery freaks!
      1. cth; fyn
        cth; fyn April 23 2016 11: 20
        +3
        A good idea, but it will not work in the Duma (
      2. sdc_alex
        sdc_alex April 23 2016 19: 31
        +2
        Ask if executions help China in the fight against corruption.
        IMHO: here you need to look for other ways, more complex and long. Executions, even mass - NOT EXIT !!!
  5. aszzz888
    aszzz888 April 23 2016 06: 33
    +14
    Health and good luck, special forces guys! Your work is irreplaceable!soldier
  6. Knowing
    Knowing April 23 2016 06: 48
    +8
    Quote: aszzz888
    Health and good luck, special forces guys! Your work is irreplaceable

    + + + + hi And it is not noticeable in society, but it is so necessary for solving geopolitical problems.
  7. individual
    individual April 23 2016 08: 19
    +3
    ... Finnish high-precision systems TRG-42 from Sako were purchased, later British AWPs developed by the legendary shooter Malcolm Cooper appeared. Separately studied large-caliber sniper rifles of various companies, in particular the South African Truvel.

    Again a western fetish.
    And where is import substitution ???
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. creak
      creak April 23 2016 13: 17
      +5
      Quote: individ
      Again a western fetish.


      Not a fetish, but a severe necessity. There is none of his own, but he is not, so you need to buy at least from the bald hell ...
      Indeed, before the Second World War in Nazi Germany, the latest samples of military equipment and industrial equipment for the military-industrial complex were purchased - from aircraft to presses for squeezing shells.
      In Italy, ships for our Navy were built and designed.
      And nothing, the heavens did not fall to the earth and the rivers did not flow back ..

      1. yehat
        yehat April 25 2016 13: 58
        -4
        need??? Do you think with your head or just hit bricks?
        would go to Tula, to Izhevsk, and would have found a weapon
        Why take AWP? What, SVD or screw cutter is not good at all? You need to get into a flying fly from 10 kilometers?
    3. sdc_alex
      sdc_alex April 23 2016 19: 35
      +4
      This is not a fetish - this is a narrow specialization. MTR forces have a highly specialized area of ​​activity, for this it is not a sin to find, choose and buy the most suitable equipment, equipment, etc. etc.
  8. vladimirvn
    vladimirvn April 23 2016 09: 01
    +11


    Development of our defense industry
  9. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 April 23 2016 09: 03
    +2
    Special forces are the elite of the elites of the army.
  10. Idiot
    Idiot April 23 2016 09: 03
    +3
    The end justifies the means in this case. It’s even symbolic to nightmare the bourgeois with their weapons.
  11. Blondy
    Blondy April 23 2016 09: 31
    +7
    Yes, all of this, of course, is good, it’s only a pity that the center for training the special forces of the Navy of the USSR in Russian (former Khaluvai) was killed; Guys could not watch movies about all kinds of fur seals - they had colic in their stomach from laughter.
  12. black
    black April 23 2016 09: 53
    +1
    Well, good luck guys.
  13. def89
    def89 April 23 2016 10: 18
    +6
    It is very funny to read all sorts of articles about the creation and history of the CSO. Initially, in September 99, the training courses for junior fire training specialists were created on the basis of the higher officer courses "Shot", later transformed into military unit 77771. Initially, a company of snipers. And then he supervised, 1st deputy. Defense Minister Toporov. At the same time, the K-42 team was created, the prototype of the CSO. The first trip to Chechnya was on November 4, 99 for practice. The first losses were on November 8th. We tested the method of training snipers. It was study. Every 2 weeks midterm exams, engineering training, fire, communications, medicine. survival course, etc. The first fire instructors were from CSK, there was also a world champion, even an Olympic champion. Initially there were conscripts, 1 contract soldier, 3 lieutenants were cadets. In total, the first enrollment is 21 out of 108.
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 April 23 2016 11: 24
      0
      Why? Tobish until 99 in Russia and there was no special forces, or what, I don’t understand you? Or are you specifically talking about the Central Intelligence Directorate? So the name of the essence does not change that!
      1. yehat
        yehat April 25 2016 14: 00
        0
        The story of one training center is told. What does all of Russia have to do with it?
  14. Altona
    Altona April 23 2016 11: 42
    +4
    I liked the name of the soldiers - "sunflowers". Everywhere we have a floral and romantic theme, but the truth is we have a lot of "flowers" in the artillery. In air defense some sort of "school of repair" and "geometry". In armored menagerie vehicles. Well, of course, a soldier is walking, but it turns out that he is a "sunflower". good
  15. cedar
    cedar April 23 2016 12: 06
    +8
    Of course, we cannot and should not know the whole truth about the Russian special forces. But what we know and in what we must be sure that Russia has real wars and defenders and special forces is one of them. Help them, Lord, in their hard military work!
  16. ImPerts
    ImPerts April 23 2016 14: 49
    +2
    From everything read above, I can conclude that just like that the Hero is not given. Everything else we can conjecture, proceeding from the violence of our imagination with you.
  17. k_ply
    k_ply April 23 2016 15: 04
    +4
    In particular, in the 22nd regiment, each of the four squadrons is divided into four detachments: airborne, sea, mountain and automobile.
    But as the Russian experience of combat special forces showed, the universal system is in most cases not optimal. For example, if a detachment of special operations forces conducts military operations in the mountains, then it is better to have in its composition more “climbers” and attack aircraft, but fewer paratroopers and sailors. Therefore, our specialists, unlike Westerners, act as consolidated detachments, where, depending on the task, groups from different directions are transferred. According to the interlocutors of the "MIC", this is not a universal, but an adaptive approach.

    They have a universal method, we have an adaptive method? ... In my opinion, this is some kind of completely empty game in terms, because the squadrons mentioned above, we have companies (amphibious, mountain, reconnaissance, parachute, mobile, etc.), are never used in full force when performing a specific combat mission, the priority in the MTR is for small groups. Squadron / company - including administrative divisions in units of special operations forces (regiments / brigades), in contrast to infantry and infantry rangers (can be used before battalion), which is responsible for BP and MT support for the profiled unit.
    Operational, or groups from the composition of profiled companies (squadrons) are used, or mixed / combined operational units are formed from several profiled groups (for example, SAS groups - 4-8 people, platoon - 16), without disturbing coherence within the groups / platoons of Special Operations, sometimes reinforced with fire calculations of mortars, AGS, single machine guns. As far as I remember, in the same SAS there are 2 platoons, 2 81-mm mortars, 2-3 calculations of 7,62-mm machine guns / 40-mm AGS, a squad, up to 50 fighters in the same SAS.
  18. vilnyus
    vilnyus April 23 2016 17: 08
    -2
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fTTjfygETjo
  19. 31rus2
    31rus2 April 23 2016 19: 28
    0
    Dear, the author is disingenuous, to put it mildly, even Lebed spoke about the MTR and, moreover, with even more serious tasks, a more powerful base, but the most important thing is interaction with all "interested" divisions, regardless of departments and subordination (by the way, this is one of the versions his death) So Serdyukov was not even close
  20. Insde
    Insde April 23 2016 23: 09
    -4
    The author - dibil TRG, AWP - yeah, right now we will buy.
  21. teacher
    teacher April 23 2016 23: 13
    +2
    late, already bought
  22. Old warrior
    Old warrior April 24 2016 17: 21
    0
    Do not judge, but let us not be judged ... (c)
  23. serge siberian
    serge siberian April 24 2016 20: 17
    0
    purely informative article and everything. but there is no concreteness, as is often the case. in the West they know more about units of this kind. trust me already, for yours, this information is free, and for the hill they will merge everything up to the number of children for specialists.
  24. twincam
    twincam April 24 2016 22: 19
    +1
    Quote: Razvedka_Boem
    If you addressed your comment to me, then I advise you to read the previous posts again. Igor 357 writes that the heroes are not the ones who get captured spread all the information. What there he laid out we do not know for sure how he was captured a dark story, maybe it was necessary, maybe betrayed.
    With some skill, knowledge of psychology and enough time, ANYONE can be broken. And in our century, it can be done without the effects of the "third degree", there are drug methods.
    Also, this Igorka357 gives an example of an escape from a camp in Afghanistan, speaks of mass heroism during the Second World War .. He brings down a heap. Although I talked about a few other things.
    The same Igor357, doubts that the title of Hero of Russia, A. Galkin deservedly received. This title cannot be obtained for no reason, and without owning information, doubting these heroes is treason.

    I agree.
    Igor357 is just an internet pontorez who has not played enough toys.
  25. Shustov
    Shustov April 26 2016 00: 10
    0
    One center !? How miserable lol Yes, in the current political conditions of these centers should be hundreds. And they should be replenished from numerous patriotic circles.
    And in order for the children to know for what and whom they should die for, the current leaders should not give the "Lexus" to the girls, the country should have a reasonable order and not extravagance.
    1. garpastum75
      garpastum75 April 26 2016 12: 52
      +1
      If every detachment of explosives, all sobres, riot police, summarized, if anyone does not remember, now in the Rosguard will bring to the SSO level, there will be a hundred of them!
  26. garpastum75
    garpastum75 April 26 2016 12: 28
    0
    Quote: garpastum75
    Alexander, died during a night battle as part of a group, he did not even have the opportunity to get captured

    It’s just that any military officer will understand such people are an important link. His body should not have reached the enemy. They will deal with this inside. In the group are the commander, specialists, the core. The aircraft factory
    one of the nucleus can also act as a cheater, if two of them were needed, for example.