Dinosaur Barney unleashes tongues
The bullying of Iraqi prisoners in the notorious Abu Ghraib prison was inspired by experts in the field of psychological operations (PSE), so that, according to BBC, they sow fear and demoralize prisoners before the interrogations. As is known, several American military personnel recognized as outdated were even convicted. But the true masters in knocking out testimony are the British.
The brigadier general of the US Armed Forces Janice Karpinski, the head of the Abu Ghraib prison, acknowledged the indirect reasons for the sophisticated humiliations of the wardens of Iraqi prisoners. According to her, the decision on the attitude towards the defendants as dogs was taken at a high level after the transfer of part of the prison under the control of military intelligence officers who conducted interrogations there. The Americans did not hide the fact that during the war in Iraq they were the pioneers of applying psychological methods to intractable and non-contact prisoners, including the prolonged use of loud music from the rock band Metallica or children's television programs.
Popular Welsh journalist and documentary filmmaker John Ronson, who investigated the psychological methods of conducting interrogations in the war against terrorists, gives an example of using a melody from a children's TV show against Iraqi prisoners of war. “It sounds silly,” writes Ronson, “but someone in PSO determined that Barney’s dinosaur was an effective tool for torture.”
Impossible to resist
An avalanche of inquiries received by the British Ministry of Defense from journalists, deputies and simply curious subjects of Her Royal Majesty about the activities of the PSN 15 group (for more information, “The Grip Group of Brains”), runs into a blank wall of silence. The ability of MO officials to evade the questions raised is amazing. At the same time, all official answers begin with the on-call mention of the statutory rights of residents of the country to freely receive information. Then follows a verbose explanation of the reasons for not allowing the author of the inquiry to be answered on the merits.
On the pages of electronic and print media, social networks still penetrated information shocking the man in the street with terrible details of the everyday life of the elite units of the British army. At first, the Guardian published an article by David Leigh with the chilling head of the philistine heading "The UK armed forces are studying methods of torture." Information about the development of interrogation technologies by methods prohibited by international law and the Geneva Convention by the 15 group of the British Social Intelligence Agency at the Chicksands Center for Security and Military Intelligence was no longer concealed. The reaction of the military authorities followed immediately: the training of British and American special forces soldiers at Chicksands is being conducted with the aim of developing their skills in coping with the psychological onslaught of the enemy, seeking to break the morale. Listeners learn to resist interrogation techniques such as humiliation and torture. The lesson lasts strictly 48 hours. A set of methods to resist interrogation, called R2i (Resistance to interrogation), includes depriving a person of not only dignity, but also the basic needs for food, water, sleep, warmth, and clothing. Classes are held in the presence of the commander and psychologist. The British officer involved in the classes admitted that two of his colleagues could not cope with the training. One of them left classes with the words: "I've had enough!". Without special maintenance, he added, subjects could plunge into deep psychosis.
The UK MoD, 14-02-2011-101446-002, stores an unanswered Amy Carson request for interns trained in the R2i Interrogation Resistance Program. Among other things, information was requested on the availability of an exhaustive list of each type or method of exposure to which the trainee may be exposed during the R2i training. The use of special methods of influence was confirmed by the State Secretary of the Armed Forces of Great Britain Marc Gino Francois in response to a written request from the deputy Jimma Shannon.
Major General Jeffrey Miller, in charge of the military prisons in Iraq, made an invaluable statement, the essence of which is that it is difficult for soldiers who have received similar psychological training to refrain from using special coercive methods against detained enemies. The general was right. The skills of "prolonging the seizure shock" were used by British and American soldiers not only in Iraq. The Emily Buchanan report, shot for the BBC Newsnight program, provides evidence that the UK has actively cooperated with the Brazilian dictatorial regime in teaching complex interrogation techniques. Alvaro Caldas, who was subjected to torture in the barracks of the military police of Rio de Janeiro, said that the new type of interrogation was called the English system. Professor Glausio Soares interviewed more than a dozen Brazilian generals who sent officers to study in England and praised Britain as having the best interrogation method. In a recent interview, the former minister of the national information service, General Ivan de Souza Mendez, called the English masters of education, who hold the key to confessions under pressure through torture. Colonel Paulo Malkhanes, who passed the appropriate school in the UK, called England the best place to study the rich experience of extracting information from individuals without using brute force.
The roots of the English system
However, many officials in the Buchanan report expressed their conviction that such flattering assessments of the dubious primacy in the development of interrogation technologies were acquired by the UK solely through the systematic use of torture in Northern Ireland. Even the South American press drew attention to the use of the UK Supreme psychological methods of interrogation against its own population. According to Cory Doctorow of the Montevideo News Agency (Merco Press South Atlantic News Agency), technologies that leave no trace of torture, which became known as the English method, were improved on North Irish Republicans. The British press has repeatedly called the exact address and the name of the military structure that systematically prepared the shoulder masters. The Biggleswade Today newspaper (Biggleswade Chronicle) repeatedly drew the attention of its readers to the fact that military personnel were trained in prohibited torture methods applied to Iraqi prisoners of war at the Chicksands Security and Military Intelligence Center.
Even methodological recommendations on the psychological treatment of a prisoner before interrogation have become public knowledge. At the disposal of the Guardian newspaper were textbooks of the British Armed Forces, published in PowerPoint format. The authors of the secret methodics advise future interrogators to make the prisoner feel insecure, anxious, and fearful. A team of human rights lawyers led by the notorious solicitor from Birmingham, Phil Shiner, collected documents indicating the ill-treatment of British soldiers with the detained Iraqis. The data presented includes a list of specific incidents when the arrested were put bags on their heads, made it impossible to hear by using headphones, to see - with the help of dark glasses, forcibly stripped naked, they were not allowed to fall asleep. The sexual humiliation of Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison was not the invention of her guards. According to British military sources, methods of ill-treatment of prisoners are rapidly spreading today among ordinary military units of the armed forces of the United Kingdom.