Military Review

Such a war. She rushed under the tank. Part of 2

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Such a war. She rushed under the tank. Part of 2



What do we know about the character of this person? Little, very little. It is known that Valeria Gnarovskaya grew up in a family that had little to do with workers 'and peasants' roots, since her father was the head of the post office. And the mother was engaged in housekeeping, which during the years of mass collectivization and industrialization was not a typical phenomenon for the structure of the Soviet family. It is also known that Valeria loved to engage in gardening and floriculture, especially to grow houseplants. In 1941, she graduated from high school and, like thousands of people, sent her father Osip Osipovich to the war. He will pass through the crucible of the Second World War and return home alive to mourn his early departed daughter, whose portrait with the star of the Hero of the Soviet Union was now silently looking at him.

But first, Valery was not taken to the front. She went to the military enlistment office several times to no avail, but each time she was refused. The Germans were advancing, and it was the turn to evacuate with his mother in the Omsk region. Arriving at the Ishim station, and then to the village of Berdyuzhe, the persistent girl began to study nursing.

At this time, at the Ishim station, one of the numerous military units is being formed - the 229 th infantry division. The fighters were located in Sinitsyn Bor, in the territory of the former pioneer camp. Of course, the residents of the surrounding area knew very well what was going on here over the course of four months: the division was formed from January 1, 1942 of the year to 1 of April, 1942 of the year, becoming part of the Siberian military district. At this time, Valeria, together with her friends, could somehow make their way to the commander and beg him for permission to enlist in the detachment. In Ishim now there is a museum and an obelisk dedicated to the memory of fallen soldiers.

The hardest parting was with her mother, Evdokia Mikhailovna. 10 On April 1942, the division left the Siberian Military District and was reassigned to the Moscow Military District, and from 1 August it became part of the 64 Army operating on the Stalingrad Front.

“My dear daddy! I know that it’s hard for you and your friends. But how much will you retreat? You rent a city outside the city. After all, the Nazis will reach the Urals. I couldn’t sit any longer as a telephonist in Siberia. I'm going to your front. Maybe we will be together. Maybe a meeting of our sub-podorozhskie, yandebskikh. Until now, I have done very little to exorcise the damned invaders. We did not touch them. They are to blame for everything. How much sorrow and suffering these savages have brought us! Dad, when the fascists shoot shells at Leningrad, it seems to me that they shoot at me when they trample on our native land (the school and our house, probably, were burned), it seems to me that they are treading on me. And I say to myself: "Go where it is difficult if you are a man." And I'm coming, dad. Let it be difficult, let the frost freeze to the bones, let it be terrible and scary - I will not abandon the wounded, no matter how hard it is for me ... We can not retreat further, my dear ... "



I wonder what color her hair was? Probably, she also had her secret admirer, but this is not mentioned anywhere in the official biography of the girl. But it’s a pity that we won’t recognize the true spiritual qualities of Valeria. But we know for sure one thing - this is the amazing courage of a very young man who, knowing about his imminent death, gathered in one bunch a grenade and rose to meet the German tank.



But nobody knew about that then.

In the meantime, was the first battle near the station Surovikino, near the river Chir. It was here that the formed parts of the 229 division took up the defense in order to resist the enemy rushing to Stalingrad. In July, 1942, the division was sent to the Stalingrad front and immediately entered into heavy fighting, during which the amazing qualities of an 18-year-old girl were revealed: bravery, endurance, and sacrifice.

In the first minutes of the battle young sisters were confused. The roar and explosions of the shells seemed to paralyze them. But even in this situation, the resilient nature of Valeria appeared. She rose and shouted: “Comrades! Look, I'm not scared! Let's go For the Motherland! "

For 17 days, the division fought, got encircled and made its way to its own. At this time, Valeria fell ill with typhoid fever, and the soldiers carried her in her arms barely alive.



Then she received her first award - the Medal "For Courage". She also received letters from rescued soldiers, where they thanked their Swallow, as they called her.

After recovering, Valeria achieved a return to her home part, or rather, she fell into the 244 Infantry Division, which included the remnants of the 229 Division.

In 1943, she helped the wounded soldiers during the liberation of the Donetsk region and Zaporozhye: she had 338 fighters.



23 September 1943 near the state farm Ivanenkovo ​​Zaporozhye region during the offensive nearby village, village Verbovaya, was the epicenter of the battle. Valeria, as usual, provided assistance to the wounded, whose evacuation had not yet begun, and they were dragged to the funnel. According to the field regulations of the Red Army, the battalion medical aid centers are deployed in 1-2 km from the front line, and the regimental medical aid center - in 3-6 km from the front line.

Not far from the crater, where the wounded were, was located the command post of the regiment. Suddenly, very close, they heard exploding shells - two German tanks were approaching them, which broke through and went to "walk" along the rear lines, representing a great danger.

Valeria saw that one of the tanks was heading in their direction, while the other started a fight with the “staff officers”. It is obvious that the Germans did not see Valeria and her wounded, because she managed to get close to the tank as close as possible. If German tankers had seen it before, they would have destroyed the machine-gun fire.



Most likely, Valeria collected several WG-40 grenades in a bundle in order to penetrate the Tiger's 63-mm armor. According to the award documents, the tank was stopped.



The wounded are saved. Valeria from the explosion died instantly. Her body lay on the ground for several days, it was discovered by a funeral team and buried in a mass grave.



According to the award documents, the Red Army armor-fighters Ryndin and Turundin destroyed the second tank.



At the site of the death of Valeria Gnarovskaya in the Zaporozhye region a monument was erected Please note: in today's photo behind it, the slogans of the new war unfolding in Ukraine have already been written.



Sister Helen stayed alive

Several times during our conversation, Elena Alekseevna Ponomareva from the village of Bolshovskaya had tears in her eyes. The voice trembled slightly. But the true Cossack and the front-line fighter successfully coped with the surging emotions and did not allow herself to cry. Elena Alekseevna lived a long and difficult life, and to this day she tries not to give up years and illnesses. 31 December she celebrated the 90 anniversary.

Elena Alekseevna hails from the Morozov farm and was born in the family of a teacher. The family was a believer, for which he fell into disfavor with the authorities in 1932.

- From the windows of the parent house was visible the temple, turned into a warehouse for storing grain. On the day of the grandfather's death, mother planted us, the children, on the window sill, obviously, so as not to interfere. My father took a fritters-smelling naphthalene from his chest, which he wore only on special days. We saw how Pope enters the church with priest Alim Pavlovich, and a few minutes later the sad tinkling of bells floated over the farm. Then some men appeared, beat the priest with whips and, after throwing them into the cart, took them away, - Elena Alekseevna recalls.

A few days later they took Alexei Illarionovich too, declaring him an enemy of the people. In the house there was a pogrom and a real robbery. Before the arrival of the uninvited guests, Elena Alekseevna's mother managed to squeeze out a small glass in the window and stuffed it with a pillowcase in which she poured a couple of handfuls of grain. Somehow, the "guests" of the burial chamber guessed or coined up on a rag rag - unknown, but they confiscated both. A woman with children was kicked out of the house.

Alexey Illarionovich was punished in the city of Konstantinovsk, and after returning two years later, he found only his daughter Helen in the living. Three sons and wife died of starvation.

With the return of his father, who was invited by the city government in the Martynovsky district, Elena's life became easier. They were given a house, there was bread on the table. The farm where his father worked was engaged in raising livestock of elite breeds - horses, cows, sheep. In 1937, a big boss arrived from Moscow and declared quarantine, after which many animals died.

- It was rumored that a Muscovite is an enemy of the people, who poured poison into the water. The man hanged himself. And daddy was taken away again and sent for coal mining to the camps of Vorkuta - for 15 years. I was expelled from school, - Elena Alekseevna recalls.

After a while, they were allowed to attend school and even were admitted to the Komsomol, and when the war began, Elena Alekseevna went to the front, became a nurse.



At first, she counted how many wounded men were dragged from the battlefield. Up to a hundred counted and stopped.

- And they called me, and they called me a daughter, and a sister, and tried to quit. It happened differently. And I tried to persuade someone to suffer, and on others, and yelled, she admits.

After injury, retrained to a radio operator. The following happened. Dragged Ponomarev seriously wounded fighter. And now their trenches, where you can hide and take a breath. But the edge of the trench collapsed, and she with a wounded soldier on her shoulder fell into a box with shells - her hand broke like a match.

Further service E.A. Ponomarev was held in the 7-th Guards Nezhinsko-Kuzbass mechanized corps of General I.P. Korchagin. The radio center where she received and sent radiograms, guarded by three fighters - to remain without communication during the battle means to lose control of the situation. From Moscow they radioed: “Take Bautzen. I am with you. I. Stalin”. There were several such radiograms. Having received them, the radio operator ran to report to the commander.

The offensive of our troops was complicated by the fact that the city was located on a hill, and it could only be approached from one side. In addition, the technique knitted in spring impassable mud. It was assumed that the Soviet soldiers would be supported by the Polish troops, but they, being surrounded, needed help themselves. It was possible to occupy Bautzen with difficulty, and fights proceeded in the city. Fascists seated in the attic fired at the faius fronts.

The headquarters of General Korchagin was located in the church. When Elena Ponomareva came in with a report, lampadas were burning there, and the priests were caring for wounded soldiers. The general interrogated prisoners. After transmitting the report, the radio operator jumped out onto the porch of the church and saw that the radio center was bombed. The soldiers from the passing armored carrier called: "Kazachka, come to us" and stretched out their hands. With such a difficult position had to leave.

“The church again occupied by the Germans, where the headquarters used to be located, was stormed two or three times,” recalls Ponomareva. - When they took him again, I immediately rushed to the wounded, but the Germans shot them.





“Ponomareva Elena Alekseevna, junior lieutenant of the medical service, has been participating in the Patriotic War since July 1941, Lieutenant of the Medical Service, working with 31 August 1942, in the GOPEP 221 (head office of the field evacuation center) in the reinforcement group O.R.M. U . No.45 as a head nurse, provided fast deployment and a cozy atmosphere in the 2 and 4 surgical housings of the evacuation receiver. With maternal care she treated the wounded, for which she had a number of thanks from the wounded, the command of GEPEP 221, the sanitary department of the 59 army.

Being transferred in January 1943 to the staff of GOEP 221, she worked as a senior evacuation receiver nurse, achieving a significant improvement in discipline among junior and senior medical staff. In February, she was appointed head of the food unit, achieved a clear exemplary order in it, immaculate cleanliness, accurate documentation and, most importantly, delicious full-fledged food for the wounded.

A member of the AUCPB from 1941, comrade Ponomarev, is one of the best agitators of GOEP 221.

For a sensitive maternal attitude towards the wounded, for an exemplary nutritional setting that ensures acceleration of recovery and the return to service of the wounded and sick, Junior Lieutenant Comrade Ponomareva EA It appears to the government award medal "For Military Merit."

After the capture of the city of Bautzen, several units of the 7 Guards Corps with the battles went further, others - to help the Czechoslovakians. The war ended for her in Czechoslovakia, in the town of Melnik.

Seeing the girls in a peaceful life, the general gave the order - to get married and have children. Elena Alekseevna had no shortage of bridegrooms, even the crippled hand was not embarrassed. Attracted guys diligence frontline.

After graduating from medical courses, she worked in the first-aid post at the Morozov farm. Once matchmakers came from the next village of Bolshovskaya and asked: “Why is the bride in a black dress like mourning for her?” And this dress was the only one. For the wedding, Elena Alekseevna sewed another one from coarse calico, but the aunt with whom she lived a feather bed and a pair of pillows. That's all dowry.

- My fiance, Dmitriy Nikolayevich, went into captivity, and then many because of this looked askance. It was only later that the awards he deserved were returned. We lived well with him, supported each other. And I fulfilled the mandate of the general — I gave birth to six, ”smiles Elena Alekseevna.

The ending should ...
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  1. crasever
    crasever April 19 2016 06: 56
    +16
    Thanks to the author and request to continue the topic!
  2. qwert
    qwert April 19 2016 07: 09
    +12
    The best and most correct article of today on the site !!!
  3. parusnik
    parusnik April 19 2016 07: 20
    +13
    ..For the sake of life on earth .. A low bow to you, both dead and alive .. Thank you, Polina ..
  4. EvgNik
    EvgNik April 19 2016 07: 23
    +8
    Pauline, I join the request to continue. Let there be parts 3, 4 ... There were many heroes in the Great Patriotic War. And among them women stand out especially.
  5. avia12005
    avia12005 April 19 2016 08: 48
    +8
    Our dead as sentries ...
  6. Mikado
    Mikado April 19 2016 11: 33
    +5
    Pauline, thanks for the article! We look forward to continuing! Although I want to cry when reading ..
  7. doework
    doework April 19 2016 13: 02
    +6
    Thank you, Polina! Please continue!
  8. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid April 19 2016 16: 08
    +3
    Thanks so much for continuing. Now, when I read about the heroism of the Soviet people, the military theme in the pictures becomes closer. Somehow, I did not think about much before.
  9. moskowit
    moskowit April 19 2016 19: 49
    +1
    You, dear Pauline, already need to think about a book of essays about the Heroes of the war ...
  10. Bredovich705
    Bredovich705 April 20 2016 07: 04
    +1
    Thanks Pauline! God help you in your work! And you help us REMEMBER!
  11. sherp2015
    sherp2015 April 20 2016 09: 46
    +1
    The sailors, Gnarovskys and thousands more of our people are capable of heroism in difficult times
  12. Sakhalininsk
    Sakhalininsk 3 November 2016 06: 47
    0
    Thanks to the author.
    It is unfortunate that they do not often enough show on the central channels of the story about such girls and boys who gave their lives during the war, for our future ones. Eternal glory and memory.