Military Review

A friend of Vekselberg and Blavatnik lives a century in poverty

39
The color and pride of the nation, scientists, become known only after the departure from life. In the Khrushchev apartment, the legendary inventor, world-famous scientist Ignatkin Vladimir Ivanovich lives for a century and is a decade ahead of the developments of the leading countries of the USA and Japan in the field of creating new railway equipment. Ignatkin with his team was able to create at the turn of the 80-x - 90-s of the last century, a device that allows to exclude the spontaneous departure of cars and trains from the station tracks. Until now, this problem has not been solved in the world, and the fate of Russian inventors who have solved this problem is unenviable. Beam wagon retarders and "shoes", created in the XIX century, are used at the sorting stations. With the help of these means of inhibition, numerous compositions, including military ones, are dissolved and assembled. Statistics of losses in the press today can not be seen, although in Soviet times it was possible to learn from departmental documents, access to which is closed today.


I have already written about Vladimir Ivanovich on our website. I read a lot of comments, including interested persons from the Ministry of Railways of the Russian Federation, who for some reason fiercely defend their automated slides, which are based on the same railcar beam retardants and “shoes”. Not to be unfounded, I once again went to Ignatkin and saw a very sad picture. But let's order.

At first Vladimir Ignatkin was helped by the Ministry of Railways of the USSR to conduct scientific and technical developments, but after the collapse of the Union, businessmen began to come to power. They are interested in the development of Ignatkin, which by this time already had the copyright certificate and European patent No. XXUMX. Leonard Blavatnik, who completed four courses at the Moscow Institute of Railway Engineers, emigrated to the US in 0252153 year, received an MBA degree from Harvard, was able to set up a business there, and after perestroika again to return to Russia, to put together here its large capital on the sale of oil and aluminum products in the "co-authorship" with his former classmate Viktor Vekselber. In 1978, the first company, Access Industries, was opened, and in 1986, Renova.

Today Leonard Blavatnik, according to the Sunday Times, is the richest man in England.

It was Blavatnik who proposed to conclude an agreement between Renova and the Higher Scientific and Practical Fund Entres (an “innovative research and production firm” —the Rostov scientist called the company at that time intricately).

It must be said that at that time Blavatnik's financial support was lined up according to a complex scheme, the essence of which was to transfer funds to the accounts of its subsidiary Renova, which in turn directed finance to the Rostov citizens. Blavatnik’s “daughter” was headed in Moscow by the then little-known Viktor Vekselberg. Vladimir Ivanovich repeatedly met with him on various issues and was very unpleasantly surprised when at some stage further funding for his scientific development was reduced to "no": the patent fee on state fees was no longer paid. Vekselberg turned his attention to the trade in oil and sugar. “We were in his company in Moscow and saw how many people cut off the telephone handsets, finding out where it was possible to buy sugar at a lower price and where it could be more expensive to sell it,” said Vladimir Ivanovich. “Once, Vekselberg asked me to secure a deal for the supply of materials from the Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant. I agreed on everything with the director of NEVZ. Partners were satisfied with each other. But all this, unfortunately, pushed into the background work on the creation and promotion of new technology on the market. ”

- What was the main novelty of your equipment?

- Many people who were brought up in Soviet childhood remember how boys and some girls made a circle in a homemade way - they inserted a stick with a hook inside the wheel and then rolled this circle joyfully along a dusty village or city road. Our invention is somewhat reminiscent of this simple, in fact, children's device. For many years, scientists who have been confused with the problem of ensuring safety in railway transport could not solve the main task - to make such a device that would allow one to get into the inside of the wheelset, get caught there and perform a slow deceleration. Instead, for centuries on the railways used centuries-old brake - shoe. Yes, it is this device that is still used on railways. Then they began to use beam moderators. These are two “sticks” that, when a wheelset is hit on them, squeeze it from two sides. But the beam moderators did not solve the problem.

When uncoupling cars, the switchman runs along with the carriage and tries to slip a shoe under it. Sparks, gnash, crash!

After all, it is impossible for a person to properly slip a shoe under the car. Having analyzed all this, we created the Automated fixer of cars and trains on the station tracks, which passed all kinds of tests - road, station, ministerial and was recommended by the Ministry of Railways of the Russian Federation to introduce them into continuous operation on the entire network of roads in Russia. The main part of the order was fulfilled by the Zaporozhye non-ferrous metals plant and training workshops located in the territory of the Rostov Institute of Railway Transport.

Two devices were installed at the station Bataysk-sorting and two - at the station of the Moscow railway. Whereas for the complete equipment of the stations of such devices it was necessary to put at least 10.

But the first “default” of 1998 struck. Ignatkin's company was saved from ruin by funding received from Leonard Blavatnik. But he soon refused to support scientists, switching to the bread business topics - oil and raw materials.

Ignatkin, brought up on Soviet science and the Soviet moral principles of this new morality among the new faces of Russia and government officials could not understand and accept.

The Ministry of Railways of the Russian Federation, headed by Minister Nikolai Aksyonenko since April 1997, unilaterally broke up contracts with the Ignatkin firm and also took up more breadcrumbs: the once-united railway began to be divided into thousands of different companies trying to snatch a piece of it richer. In October 2001, Aksyonenko was charged with causing damage in 20 billion rubles. - he was removed from office, and soon fell ill, and for several years he was treated abroad, but foreign physicians could not overcome the disease.

On the scientific developments of the Rostov scientists have forgotten. At the same time, the debts for the rental of premises, the debts for the wages of employees grew with each passing month. To preserve a unique research team, many of whose staff graduated from the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute and gained invaluable experience at the largest tank building plants in Nizhny Tagil, Ignatkin makes a decision that is completely unprofitable: he spent all his money on maintaining the team in the hope that the Ministry of Railways and North The Caucasian Railway will resume financing, with which long-term contracts have been concluded. But this did not follow.



He could not stay in New York, where he traveled at the invitation of Leonard Blavatnik to obtain a US patent that was issued on 14 in May on 1990. “Len's wife (Len - so abbreviated as Vladimir Ivanovich called Leonard) cooked wonderful shrimps, treated us. And then Len showed me a two-story house in which I could live if I accepted his offer to stay in America. But I did not stay. I could not, ”said Vladimir Ivanovich.

Today the names of émigré scientists who could find the strength to break away from their homeland are widely known.

A friend of Vekselberg and Blavatnik lives a century in poverty


A textbook example is Igor Sikorsky who, before the revolution in Russia, created several unique aircraft of that time (Russian Knight, Ilya Muromets) and more 80 heavy aircraft models and left Russia during the revolution in the spring of 1918. Until the end of his life he remained a patriot of Russia and loved his homeland. She gives the world geniuses.

Few people know that the famous General Mannerheim was able to competently organize the Finnish defense in the Finnish war because he emigrated from Russia during the revolution, where he was educated at the oldest military school - the School of Engineering (today it is Mozhaisky Academy). Mannerheim Line entered history military engineering art.

But there were a lot of talented people in our country who made a significant contribution to military engineering science. A vivid example of this fact is the story of the Austro-Hungarian foundling Roberto Oros di Bartini, born in 1897 year and adopted by members of a rich family. He received an excellent education, in 16 years his father gave him a plane, in 19 years he was captured in Russian during the First World War, escapes to Italy, and after Mussolini came to power, he again escapes to the Soviet Union.



It is here that his handwriting will be recognized by the designers of many generations on the following airplanes: the sea bomber MTB-2, the MBR-2 (sea short-range reconnaissance), MDR-3 (sea long-range reconnaissance), MK-1 (sea cruiser or ANT-22), Steel-7, long-range bomber DB-240, Ер-2 and others.



Bartini was arrested and interrogated at the Lubyanka, but he did not admit his guilt, began working in a sharashka and gave excellent results, could solve many of the most difficult technical problems, despite the fact that he was in prison. His will power and the power of his love for Russia were stronger than the existing power and all the adversities that fell upon him. His ideas for several decades ahead of time, including the creation of a jet aircraft. In 1957, he was completely rehabilitated. And he continued to work on projects of supersonic, anti-submarine aircraft and many other projects that at that time were in a fantastic dimension for many ordinary people. Bartini preached one truth: “I dedicate my life to the Land of the Soviets so that the red planes fly faster than the black ones”. This phrase is stamped on his grave when he was gone in 1974.



We know quite well about the mass emigration of scientists in the 90s of the last century, because with the introduction of the Internet and relative freedom, we can get a vivid picture of what is happening. Many scientists were able to “settle down” on western ground, but many today, in 2016, are returning home, and some are thinking of doing it.
The fate of scientists at all times was unenviable, even if there were high patrons. Few have gained honor and glory in the generally accepted broad sense of the word. But one ordinary man in the street will not be able to fully understand: the main thing for these people is the process of creation, and everything else - later. Take, for example, Vladimir Dudintsev's book “Not by Bread Alone,” which has become a symbol and reliable spiritual support, a bible for creative people. Vladimir Ivanovich Ignatkin carefully keeps several issues of magazines wrapped in an old Soviet newspaper, where this story was first published. These journals for Vladimir Ivanovich are of great, incomparable value.

Ignatkin's many friends could not understand him: after all, he had troubled days outside, and he could secure a decent life there, abroad. But he could not. From this time, he has preserved several unique documents: these are the originals of contracts with “wet” seals, signed by Vekselberg and Blavatnik, whose big business names sounded louder and louder every year. They did not break the partnership with Ignatkin, they just made it clear that they now have other interests.

So the years passed. The firm of Vladimir Ivanovich, having existed for 12 years, was declared bankrupt, the property was described and sold, and the unique developments, for the creation of which billions of dollars of state and private funds were spent, were dismantled and put to scrap. True, one device for a long time kept at his station, Peter Kucherenko, head of the Rostov branch of the North Caucasian Railway, but with his departure to the Kuibyshev Railway, the new leadership decided to dismantle. Funds from putting in the metal went into someone else's pocket.

And Vladimir Ivanovich grew old: now he's 84 of the year. His creative asset includes more than 50 inventions, patents for which have not been supported for a long time. One of these inventions is called "time relay." It is unlikely that he will be able to use it and turn everything around. He lived his life with dignity. True, he now lives in an ordinary Khrushchev apartment, on a small pension, he hasn’t been able to go outside for about a year, his apartment is on the fifth floor, but because of severe back pain and a distant meniscus he cannot come down and see this spring world .
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  1. kalibr
    kalibr April 11 2016 06: 25
    +10
    And why, Polina, the native country does not value such people, but "there" they are appreciated, eh? This is the question to which, alas, there is no answer yet!
    1. 1536
      1536 April 11 2016 08: 13
      +7
      Appreciate, not appreciate, there people value themselves. The same Sikorsky created his own company, made and sold helicopters. They are still flying in the US Army. And he lived on the money he earned, he secured his old age. Try to do this in the country of the Soviets. Maximum - a summer residence near Moscow and the opportunity to arrange children. But basically - a one-room apartment on the 5 floor. Why, yes, because intermediaries like the ones mentioned in the header take everything for themselves. Rudeness is also the redneck of mediocrity and bribe-takers that the system covers.
      1. qwert
        qwert April 11 2016 08: 33
        +3
        That Sikorsky, that Seversky created firms having capital on this business. Therefore, they appreciated themselves there. And people who already had fame found themselves there. But where are the examples that ordinary engineers went there and got up there?
        Quote: 1536
        Try to do this in the country of the Soviets. Maximum - a summer residence near Moscow and the opportunity to arrange children. But basically - a one-room apartment on the 5 floor. Why, yes, because intermediaries like the ones mentioned in the header take everything for themselves.

        Well, they started about the country of the Soviets, and then they cited people of the "new capitalist formation" as an example. It turns out that they just spoiled everything. Plus the glorious rebuilder Gorby.
        1. Black Colonel
          Black Colonel April 11 2016 10: 05
          +2
          Sikorsky did not have capital. The great Chaliapin did not help him with money. To you -.
          What kind of ... nya, again a mattress rag hangs on my flagpole! am
        2. Normal ok
          Normal ok April 11 2016 10: 14
          +4
          Quote: qwert
          That Sikorsky, that Seversky created firms having capital on this business. Therefore, they appreciated themselves there. And people who already had fame found themselves there. But where are the examples that ordinary engineers went there and got up there?

          What capital did Sikorsky have? Where did you get it? Read his biography: having arrived in the states, he worked for some time as a teacher to feed himself. But he already had a name, so there were people who supported him, including and money.
        3. The comment was deleted.
        4. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh April 11 2016 15: 38
          +3
          "But where are the examples that simple engineers went there and got up there?" ///

          I have a couple of such friends from the school period.
          Electronic Engineers. Founding start-ups in California
          profitably sold - millionaires.
          And so programmers ... full.
      2. sherp2015
        sherp2015 April 11 2016 13: 30
        +6
        Quote: 1536
        Appreciate, not appreciate, there people value themselves. The same Sikorsky created his own company, made and sold helicopters. They are still flying in the US Army. And he lived on the money he earned, he secured his old age. Try to do this in the country of the Soviets.


        And now is heavenly time right for craftsmen and generally for ordinary people?
        The industry was destroyed, the equipment was taken out to "fraternal" Turkey and China or to scrap metal by the most honest, most effective "managers who" have an understanding "of how to govern the country
        1. Seal
          Seal April 11 2016 15: 35
          +3
          the equipment was exported to "fraternal" Turkey and China
          You write that as if China and Turkey are to blame for something that our "effective managers" exported equipment to them. But what if the equipment was exported to Ukraine or Belarus - you would not have any complaints?
          1. sherp2015
            sherp2015 April 11 2016 20: 25
            +3
            Quote: Seal
            You write that as if China and Turkey are to blame for something that our "effective managers" exported equipment to them. But what if the equipment was exported to Ukraine or Belarus - you would not have any complaints?

            This is where you saw me blaming Turkey and China for the fact that our thieves stole and ruined Industry?
            And it would be better if the means of production were exported to fraternal Belarus than to China and Turkey.
      3. ava09
        ava09 30 November 2016 17: 15
        +1
        Quote: 1536
        Appreciate, not appreciate, there people value themselves. The same Sikorsky created his own company, made and sold helicopters. They are still flying in the US Army. And he lived on the money he earned, he secured his old age. Try to do this in the country of the Soviets. Maximum - a summer residence near Moscow and the opportunity to arrange children. But basically - a one-room apartment on the 5 floor. Why, yes, because intermediaries like the ones mentioned in the header take everything for themselves. Rudeness is also the redneck of mediocrity and bribe-takers that the system covers.

        The person who has expressed this nonsense has a fragmented consciousness, which does not allow linking facts into logical chains and tracing cause-and-effect relationships. In the West, an inventor with a predilection (business) inclination can survive. Most of the brilliant developers of the West ended their existence in poverty and debt (in contrast to Sikorsky, I will cite Diesel, who was recently mentioned at V.O., a talented inventor). And in the USSR, the scientist was treated kindly by the authorities and lived very comfortably. The main thing is that the overwhelming majority of citizens did not complain about life either. This is well understood by those who lived in the Soviet Union and can compare with the "RF". And in terms of “protecting” the “boorishness and greediness of mediocrities and bribe-takers” there is no equal to the liberal - capitalist system.
    2. Amurets
      Amurets April 11 2016 08: 33
      +10
      Quote: kalibr
      And why, Polina, the native country does not value such people, but "there" they are appreciated, eh? This is the question to which, alas, there is no answer yet!

      I will give you a hint for the answer. It is in the book of a wonderful person and turner-inventor BF Danilov. "Life-Search". It is in electronic libraries. The author has a plus. NOT for the article, but for the raised problem. The problem is not only invention and rationalization, but the problem of workers in general. The problem raised by Polina Efimova is much deeper.
    3. iouris
      iouris April 11 2016 11: 22
      +6
      People must love their country, and "country" cannot value people.
      The place where all the know-how is concentrated is called the USA.
      Conclusion: making major inventions in Russia is life-threatening.
    4. kenig1
      kenig1 April 11 2016 17: 58
      +1
      Production of the M16 A1 continued until 1988, during which time more than 7 million copies were produced. Its creator, Eugene Stoner, was generously awarded for his invention: for each M16 rifle released in the United States, he was paid $ 1.
    5. ava09
      ava09 4 October 2016 09: 12
      0
      The answer is so obvious that "alas, there is no answer yet", apparently reflects your individual approach to the obvious ...) Talented scientists were in demand almost always and everywhere, subject to specific rules or simply - everyday common sense ...
  2. parusnik
    parusnik April 11 2016 06: 40
    +8
    headed since April 1997 by Minister Nikolai Aksyonenko... He stole and died in Germany .. JSC "Anroskrym" has a ferry, called "Aksenenko" ... These are the metamorphoses ...
  3. oracul
    oracul April 11 2016 08: 21
    +7
    For such and such "friends" a person ends his life on the sidelines ?! It is strange that the appeal is directed, in fact, to the public and the state. Western human resource managers do not recommend making friends with business people. If they have a personal interest, then everything else is sidelined. And further. Ignatkin had his own company for 12 years, but apparently something went wrong either because of his own qualities or objective reasons. Alas, this is a market with its strictest rules. The person who created his company took the risk on himself. In case of success - glory, in case of failure, you will have to pay the debts yourself. To hope for help from outside is not correct, because when everything is fine, no one is particularly eager to share money either with the state or with society.
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood April 11 2016 12: 01
      +5
      Quote: oracul
      man ends his life on the sidelines
      Quote: oracul
      Hope for help from outside
      As it says here, he was offered immigration to the United States and continued work there. He refused. And if he refused, then come on somehow somehow. The logic of friends seems to be just that.
  4. Black Colonel
    Black Colonel April 11 2016 10: 08
    +3
    "Instead of this millennia on the railways used a centuries-old brake - shoe "
    About millennia on the railway I apparently missed something
  5. stone
    stone April 11 2016 10: 52
    +3
    "which is decades ahead of the developments of the leading countries of the USA and Japan in the field of creating new railway equipment"
    Maybe I didn’t understand something, what kind of pathos is it, it’s a matter of some sort of ratsuh. As a former railwayman, I can recall, for example, that the automatic coupler used for many years in the USSR, and then in Russia, was originally invented in the USA.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets April 11 2016 12: 37
      +2
      Quote: stone
      Maybe I didn’t understand something, what kind of pathos is it, it’s a matter of some sort of ratsuh. As a former railwayman, I can recall, for example, that the automatic coupler used for many years in the USSR, and then in Russia, was originally invented in the USA.

      About automatic fasteners of cars and trains on sorting slides instead of shoes.
      1. atalef
        atalef April 11 2016 14: 05
        0
        Quote: Amurets
        Quote: stone
        Maybe I didn’t understand something, what kind of pathos is it, it’s a matter of some sort of ratsuh. As a former railwayman, I can recall, for example, that the automatic coupler used for many years in the USSR, and then in Russia, was originally invented in the USA.

        About automatic fasteners of cars and trains on sorting slides instead of shoes.

        how do I remember this suka was supposed to revolutionize the railway transport and provide the inventor for the rest of his life?
        1. Amurets
          Amurets April 11 2016 14: 34
          +1
          Quote: atalef
          how do I remember this suka was supposed to revolutionize the railway transport and provide the inventor for the rest of his life?

          I can’t answer, because I did not come across this invention. In the locomotive depot, we used ordinary shoes.
          1. efimovaPE
            April 11 2016 14: 50
            +1
            This is the fourth page of the AZVIS patent.
            1. Akay
              Akay 8 May 2016 13: 16
              0
              Polina, hello, is there any way to contact Vladimir Ivanovich?
        2. efimovaPE
          April 11 2016 14: 50
          +1
          Yes, you are absolutely right. This is the third page of the very first patent on a fixer.
  6. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid April 11 2016 11: 49
    +3
    Why it happens. There was once a program that Vekselberg helped everyone, even scams.

    At one time I learned about the tragic fate of Pokhlebkin. Do not laugh at a pseudonym. Although he is not an inventor. What is common? Khrushchev at the end of his life.
    Worthy people are thrown aside.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets April 11 2016 12: 28
      +3
      Quote: Reptiloid
      At one time I learned about the tragic fate of Pokhlebkin. Do not laugh at a pseudonym. Although he is not an inventor. What is common? Khrushchev at the end of his life.

      If you are talking about Pokhlebkin William Vasilievich? Yes, he is not an inventor. But only with his work "History of Vodka" he brought benefit to the fact that the USSR was able to remove all patent claims to the BRAND "RUSSIAN VODKA". I'm not talking about his other works.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid April 11 2016 12: 41
        +3
        The most striking thing is the lack of full gratitude from the higher ones, the lack of salary, despite the fact that the benefit to the state was huge. Huge knowledge.
        A prank pseudonym to survive.
        Death
  7. Greenwood
    Greenwood April 11 2016 12: 03
    +2
    Hmm, they do not appreciate in our country smart people who do not lick the backseat of those in power.
  8. QWERTY
    QWERTY April 11 2016 13: 29
    +1
    This article was already, in a slightly different form, pravda. And as in the previous version, the principle of operation of some "automatic fixer" is completely incomprehensible. On the railway, not all fools, if this incomprehensible invention really had value, it would have been implemented.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets April 11 2016 13: 53
      0
      Quote: ytsuken
      This article was already, in a slightly different form, pravda. And as in the previous version, the principle of operation of some "automatic fixer" is completely incomprehensible. On the railway, not all fools, if this incomprehensible invention really had value, it would have been implemented.

      I also did not understand, although I had been working in the locomotive depot for 13 years. Well, this is far from the carriages and compilers. I can’t say anything specific either. Although the road ratuhs and inventions were applied. all changes came from Novocherkassk or the technical department of the Ministry of Railways in the form of change logs. We received new electric locomotives from construction. From the East to the west, towards Chita, the Trans-Siberian Railway was electrified.
      1. efimovaPE
        April 11 2016 14: 48
        0
        This is the second page of the patent.
    2. efimovaPE
      April 11 2016 14: 47
      0
      Now found on the Internet the very first patent for AZVIS.
  9. Gray 43
    Gray 43 April 11 2016 15: 18
    +3
    Such an Empire, as the IPU, was discredited ?! Previously, railway workers enjoyed no less authority than the military, but outsourcing came to the Moscow Region and Russian Railways, a bunch of different companies appeared that did not answer for anything and did not answer, but whose owners are closely connected with the top
  10. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter April 11 2016 18: 55
    0
    No need to find fault with your country. If the invention is really worthwhile, it is implemented. Yes, sometimes they steal, but they do it. And the stories of pensioners - I'm sorry. I myself have a bunch of patents - they are not worth the paper they are printed on without real implementation. The man could not build his life so that his work outlived him. And who is to blame? As for Sikorsky, I advise you to read his biography. He could not "fit" into Soviet Russia, his director was shot, and he was leaving practically from the execution. In the states I made my way "from scratch", built an airplane on some poultry farm. I felt the situation, began to build seaplanes, climbed them, then, already in the 40s, I raised a helicopter ... I can't imagine what would happen to any country if funds were allocated for any ideas. The USSR had such a time. No recoil of Kurchevsky, remember. As soon as "under the knife" all the artillery of the Red Army was not allowed. And there was enough in aviation, and in many other places. Alas, natural selection is at work. Both among inventors and among inventions. It cannot be otherwise.
    1. efimovaPE
      April 11 2016 22: 18
      +1
      Ignatkin invention was introduced. His device stood on two slides - in Rostov and Moscow. But they did not widely introduce it because the Ministry of Railways became the Ministry of nephews and sons: they no longer allocate funds for further production, put it in their pockets. And Vladimir Ivanovich does not blame anyone, and his stories are not the stories of a simple pensioner. He has more 50 inventions, including those related to equipping communications satellites at Baikonur. He is a happy man!
      1. QWERTY
        QWERTY April 15 2016 18: 10
        -1
        Who put what in his pocket? Are you raving How can I put company funds in my pocket? Kickbacks - they take it, it’s a no brainer, but these kickbacks are from something? Those. if the rollback is 30% of the amount, then 70% will have to do something in any case. You, madam, if you don’t understand anything in the railway, do not write nonsense. And, in the end, explain what the effectiveness is your so widely advertised invention? Principle of action, what is better than typical hump moderators?
  11. The comment was deleted.
  12. eleronn
    eleronn April 11 2016 23: 58
    0
    You can write about the departed. This is a plus. It is interesting to read an article about the living, Zhores Alferov (for example). Or will we wait until this great man passes away?
  13. Mikhail Matyugin
    Mikhail Matyugin April 15 2016 18: 21
    +2
    Very correct and timely article! We hope that in the future the situation will change for the better and people who have given life and health to their homeland will not be forgotten!