Military Review

Sniper Nina Petrova: "Grandma will be a complete gentleman if he brings his head to the end ..."

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Continuing to talk about the female snipers who fought with the Nazis, I can not bow to Nina Pavlovna Petrova. And it’s not even the fact that in the Great Patriotic War she became one of the best snipers of our army, a full knight of the Order of Glory. And the fact that every act of Nina Pavlovna is in itself a feat.


She went to the front of an older woman of solid age - in 48 years. So arranged by nature, that in these years man’s strength is not the same, fatigue has been accumulated. It is doubly difficult to learn something new. But Nina Pavlovna, a native of the city of Lomonosov of the Leningrad region (then - Oranienbaum), decided to fight the fascists. Nothing held her back. And she fought - so much that endurance, endurance, courage, patience surprised everyone. She did not lag behind the young, but, on the contrary, gave them a head start.

Perhaps the solution to this lies in the fact that from early childhood Nina Pavlovna was used to tireless work? She grew up in a large family, where all the brothers and sisters sincerely and lovingly cared about each other. Even when Nina Pavlovna was just a girl Nina, the family moved to Leningrad, which became their family for life. Father died early, five children were left orphans.

Or maybe because Nina Pavlovna was never afraid to learn? She has mastered many professions, and each - well. To help her mother, Nina went to Vladivostok, to her relatives, where she entered the school and at the same time got a job as an accountant. Almost all the salary sent home. She worked as a typist at a shipyard in Revel, as a librarian at Svistroy, as an accountant in Gdov. And in the 1927 year, having already had a ten-year-old daughter, she returned to Leningrad.

Or is it a serious sports hobby? May be so. Nina Pavlovna perfectly swam, played basketball, rode a bicycle, engaged in horse riding and rowing. She graduated from the courses and began working as a physical education teacher. In 43, she became the captain of the Leningrad women's hockey team (and she was two years old), and a year earlier she won a skiing game. Approximately ten years before the start of the war, the future sniper took up gunfire, enrolling first in the shooting circle. True, not from the first days the rifle began to obey Nina Pavlovna. A big role was played by the head of the circle, who helped with advice and deed.

She graduated from a sniper school, began working as an instructor in bullet shooting. And in just one year 1936 released more than a hundred Voroshilov shooters! Nina Pavlovna had a nominal award rifle. And cups, medals and badges - more than seventy.
Sniper Nina Petrova: "Grandma will be a complete gentleman if he brings his head to the end ..."


... The Soviet-Finnish war began. Nina Pavlovna at that time was 46 for years, she only heard refusals in the military registration and enlistment offices. However, she had a good experience in nursing - and Petrova achieved that she was taken to a rehabilitation hospital. Here she did not just perform her duties as a medical worker, but without any exaggeration, she replaced the fighters with her mother (by the way, she was called that until the end of her life). Nina Pavlovna was tirelessly at her post - it seemed that she never sleeps at all. I read books to fighters, washed clothes, combed them and shaved them.

At the beginning of World War II, Petrov was taken to the medical battalion. But already in November 1941, she transferred to the rifle battalion of the Tartu division. Together with this division, Nina Pavlovna defended her native Leningrad and subsequently marched half of Europe. And, as in a peaceful life, in the battalion she performed not one, but several things at once: she trained soldiers, kept her personal account of the killed fascists, went out in reconnaissance, performed the duties of a nurse. And again, the fighters replaced the mother: washed for them, darned, sewed collars.

It seemed that luck took care of Nina Pavlovna. One day, a German sniper took her to the sight and fired, but, to the point, he only shot through his cap and singed his hair.
“A sniper, you see, a youth,” Petrova said then. - His bullet spun in my hair.

Also, half in jest, in a letter she reported the incident to her daughter Xenia. In her newsletter, she generally preferred a light tone. Looking ahead, I’ll give a few lines from a letter written a few years later: “We are sitting with the senior lieutenant of artillery on the porch, the German strikes from the guns, the shells fall far behind the house. He says: "I have been fighting for the fourth year and have not even been injured yet." I answer him: "The fourth year and I am at war, is also not injured, despite the fact that all the time on the front line." He was summoned by the commander. A minute later the enemy shell exploded. Two people killed, several wounded. The senior lieutenant of the artillery was wounded in the arms and legs, scratched at me, stunned, a general concussion came out, which is why my back hurts. That boasted ... "

Here is her other letter. His tone is different, but from each line it is very well understood that for a long time Nina Pavlovna was lucky: “I sat on np, watched, froze, went to warm myself. My place was taken by a lieutenant and a sergeant. But immediately after my departure, they were wounded by fragments of an enemy shell. The next morning again sat on np. Gone for breakfast. Returning to the NP - and he is broken by a direct hit ... "

During the war years, Nina Pavlovna has prepared 512 snipers! The teacher from her was very patient. Often she simply amazed her students with her skill. So, once at a lesson I gave a task: to find and neutralize a masked sniper (her). On the search - 20 minutes. If the fighters do not find Nina Pavlovna, they should put a hat on a stick and lift it over their heads.

Nobody could notice the teacher, they had to lift the stick. And then Nina Pavlovna got up literally a few steps from the soldiers - all soaked, dirty:
- Eh, sons, what did you watch? So bad I teach you ...

Or such a case. The best student of the heroine, George Daudov (by the way, at first he also went to the laggards), perhaps, most often went with her "on the hunt." Once they tracked down two Germans who were dragging a log into a broken pillbox. Petrova asked:
- George, what do you think, who should be removed first?
“First,” replied the fighter.
- Not. Then the one that comes from behind will immediately understand that the sniper is working and jump into the trench. Let's remove the rear, then the first will in the heat of the moment decide that he stumbled, and we get the extra seconds. Remember: a good athlete responds to danger 2 seconds before an untrained person. And in 2 seconds you can do a lot: dive into the shelter, pull the trigger, hit the bayonet ... "

Among the students of Nina Pavlovna there was a soldier by the name of Nurlumbekov. He spoke very bad Russian. Petrov spent a lot of time and effort to let the fighter learn to speak. And even more so that he, who does not believe in himself at all, learns how to shoot perfectly. Once she even went to the trick: during the exercises, standing a little behind Nurlumbekova, she herself made a shot. When they began to inspect targets, everyone praised the newcomer very much. And he, inspired by luck, believed in himself. And really became a good sniper.

Never, even in the most dangerous moments, Nina Pavlovna did not lose her composure. So, in winter, the 1944 of the year, the regiment in which the sniper served, stood in the area of ​​the Zarudin village of the Leningrad region. This village was occupied by the Germans, it was necessary to dislodge the enemy, but the real battle was in no way cultivated. And then Nina Pavlovna noticed the German signalman, who was trying to fix the telephone line. That's it: the fascists are pulling time to call in reinforcements ... Petrova shot out - the signalman fell. But almost immediately came the second - and this was struck by a sniper bullet. And then the third. The fascists managed to find a Soviet sniper, but Nina Pavlovna, taking advantage of the strong grounding, in time changed her position and again opened fire on the signalmen. The battle was unleashed, and the village was liberated.

In the same, 1944, Nina Pavlovna received two Orders of Glory - III and II degrees. Here are the memoirs of General Ivan Fedyuninsky, who signed the award documents: “Once, after the fights under the German Elbing, I signed representations to the government awards. My attention was drawn to the award list, filled with a sniper to Petrov, who was introduced to the Order of Glory, I degree. The award list indicated that Petrova 52 of the year. I didn’t want to believe my eyes: did she really have more than fifty?

I ask the chief of staff: “Maybe the typist made a typo?” No, there was no mistake ... By evening Petrova arrived. She was a thin, gray-haired, but still strong-looking woman, with a simple, wrinkled face. The soldier's gymnast was decorated with two orders of the Red Banner, the Order of the Patriotic War and two orders of Glory ... It turned out that she herself was on the front line all the time, but was never injured ... Nina Pavlovna was given a sniper rifle with an optical sight. On the butt they strengthened a gilded plate with the inscription: “To the senior petrova from the army commander”. In addition, I awarded the brave patriot with hours ... And already in the battles at the power station in Danzig, the sniper Petrova made the rifle silence several enemy machine-gun crews ... "

With a bonus clock, an opportunity came out: a week after the delivery, after the bombing, standing near the destroyed dugout, Nina Pavlovna discovered that there were no hours on her arm. Very upset. Almost all of her students rushed to find her. Looking for it until dark - and found!

There is one more fact in the military biography of Nina Pavlovna that it is difficult to even imagine. She alone disarmed and literally on herself dragged into the headquarters of the three fascists! Here is how she described it in a letter to her home: “... Yesterday I raised a soldier to the attack. They all respect me and rose as one, went on the offensive. And the German could not stand it, he decided, it is clear that a whole regiment is attacking him. Here we really beat them. I just fell behind, I look - three Fritz, all the way. I rifle at them: "Hyundai hoh!" Searched them and led them to the battalion commander. Yes, two of them either from fatigue or from fear could hardly walk. The first took on the shoulders of a fascist prisoner, and the second I carried. Sometimes we changed. They did not dare to utter a word ... "

In the spring of 1945, Nina Pavlovna, in whose personal account there were already a hundred fascists, was presented to the Order of Glory, I degree. Home, to my daughter and granddaughter, flew the news: “My dear, dear daughter! I'm tired of fighting, baby, it's already the fourth year at the front. Rather end this damned war and return home. How I want to hug you, kiss your sweet granddaughter! Maybe we will live to this happy day ... Soon I will be awarded the Order of Glory of I degree, so grandmother will be a full gentleman if she brings her head to the end ... "

I did not inform ... Nina Pavlovna died, but not from a fascist bullet. 1 May 1945, she, along with our mortar she drove in a car near the city of Stettin. Night, bad weather and visibility. The car fell off a broken bridge ...
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30 comments
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  1. strelets
    strelets April 11 2016 06: 25
    +21
    Thanks to the author for the article. Just an amazing fate! As long as we have such people, we are invincible.
    1. qwert
      qwert April 11 2016 08: 25
      +18
      Sophia is smart. She and Polina write on very necessary and correct topics. This should be read in extracurricular classes in schools.
  2. crasever
    crasever April 11 2016 06: 32
    +13
    Thanks to the author! More articles are needed so that people's memory does not pretend ...
  3. parusnik
    parusnik April 11 2016 06: 46
    +10
    Amazing fate ... Thank you, Sophia ...
  4. netvrz
    netvrz April 11 2016 06: 55
    +8
    Everlasting memory!
  5. EvgNik
    EvgNik April 11 2016 07: 23
    +16
    Prepare 512 snipers! Yes, even during the war! Yes, in addition to this, also engage in other affairs, and to fight herself. But what kind of man can withstand such a load? Still, the foundation of Russia is Women.
    Thanks, Sophia.
  6. Red_Hamer
    Red_Hamer April 11 2016 07: 59
    +8
    She turned out to be a thin, gray-haired, but still strong-looking woman, with a simple, wrinkled face. The soldier’s gymnast was decorated with two orders of the Red Banner, the Order of the Patriotic War and two orders of Glory ...
    Salt of the Russian land!
  7. erased
    erased April 11 2016 08: 01
    +8
    This is mom! How many soldiers brought up and fought! Eternal memory to the defender of the people!
  8. VeryBravePiggy
    VeryBravePiggy April 11 2016 09: 29
    +8
    There are no words. And Mother, and Worker, and Warrior.
    And now let us recall the current "heroic" films - through and through fantastic game. Indeed, if the people do not have their own heroes, the people invent them. We are talking about the Americans, and about the Ukrainians, and about the Balts ...
    It is terrible that children (and not only children) admire not our heroic ancestors and contemporaries (hard workers and soldiers), but painted rubber muzzles with a resistant stink of otherworldly evil.
    Indeed, the vast majority of "superheroes" suddenly-out of nowhere-get super-powers, and begin to create super-crazy feats.
    That is, an example of "heroism" is absolutely stupid - no "superpower" - no "superhero".
    And all because people are unlearned from hard work and training, and they want everything at once, and without the application of their own efforts.
    1. E.S.A.
      E.S.A. 2 September 2019 09: 53
      0
      Quote: VeryBravePiggy
      And now let us recall the current "heroic" films - through and through fantastic game. Indeed, if the people do not have their own heroes, the people invent them. We are talking about the Americans, and about the Ukrainians, and about the Balts ...
      It is terrible that children (and not only children) admire not our heroic ancestors and contemporaries (hard workers and soldiers), but painted rubber muzzles with a resistant stink of otherworldly evil.
      Indeed, the vast majority of "superheroes" suddenly-out of nowhere-get super-powers, and begin to create super-crazy feats.
      That is, an example of "heroism" is absolutely stupid - no "superpower" - no "superhero".
      And all because people are unlearned from hard work and training, and they want everything at once, and without the application of their own efforts.
      In the west, by the way, it is already clear that this whole "super Heroic" theme is complete game. One of the proofs is the 2019 series "boys". There, simple men without ability "wet in the toilets" mowing supermen.
  9. VeryBravePiggy
    VeryBravePiggy April 11 2016 09: 34
    +12
    Quote: VeryBravePiggy
    There are no words. And Mother, and Worker, and Warrior.
    And now let us recall the current "heroic" films - through and through fantastic game. Indeed, if the people do not have their own heroes, the people invent them. We are talking about the Americans, and about the Ukrainians, and about the Balts ...
    It is terrible that children (and not only children) admire not our heroic ancestors and contemporaries (hard workers and soldiers), but painted rubber muzzles with a resistant stink of otherworldly evil.
    Indeed, the vast majority of "superheroes" suddenly-out of nowhere-get super-powers, and begin to create super-crazy feats.
    That is, an example of "heroism" is absolutely stupid - no "superpower" - no "superhero".
    And all because people are unlearned from hard work and training, and they want everything at once, and without the application of their own efforts.


    Again, the desire to poke "our" directors like BondarChuk, Atanesyan, Migalkov and others like them dug their muzzles into the award lists of soldiers and officers of the Great Patriotic War and the Afghan War ...
    1. yehat
      yehat April 11 2016 09: 59
      -9
      I do not know. how was she a sniper if she was constantly spotted when shooting? The shooter she was probably excellent, but the sniper is primarily a competent tactician and only in the second shooter and ninja.
      1. Riv
        Riv April 11 2016 10: 06
        +2
        Well, just really: "constantly." How many cases are described in the article? One? Well, I was lucky once - they didn't kill.
      2. EvgNik
        EvgNik April 11 2016 14: 18
        +8
        Quote: yehat
        I do not know. how was she a sniper if she was constantly spotted when shooting?

        If they were constantly spotted, it would not have reached the 45th. So it worked correctly. And death is not from an enemy sniper. No need to vulgarize everything you touch.
  10. aszzz888
    aszzz888 April 11 2016 10: 15
    +8
    Low bow to the Russian Woman! Memory and respect!
  11. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid April 11 2016 11: 00
    +4
    Thank you very much for the story. Such heroic women's destinies. There used to be "Red Corners", sometimes they are shown in films as a background. And about Pioneers-Heroes. Now stands with stories and photos about the Heroes appear.
  12. vitalm
    vitalm April 11 2016 11: 33
    +5
    So ridiculous to die before the Victory! Everlasting memory!
  13. exo
    exo April 11 2016 12: 17
    +4
    Indeed, such articles should be read to children at school. To be known and proud!
  14. shoemaker
    shoemaker April 11 2016 13: 22
    +4
    What can I say. A bow to our women, for giving birth and for shooting.
  15. Fox
    Fox April 11 2016 18: 00
    +4
    ready-made scripts for great films ... but it’s not interesting for Mikhailov and fagots.
  16. akm8226
    akm8226 April 11 2016 20: 06
    +4
    Eternal memory to a woman!
  17. SlavaP
    SlavaP April 11 2016 22: 42
    +2
    Many thanks to the author. I look forward to continuing.
  18. Yarik76
    Yarik76 April 12 2016 02: 38
    +2
    Thanks for the article 'The fate of a soldier is heavy!
  19. jakub
    jakub April 12 2016 03: 07
    +2
    first-class sniper what to say, but what was detected after the shot is normal, as Chuikov said, the best weapon against a sniper is a mortar
  20. tag17
    tag17 April 12 2016 15: 25
    +2
    Thanks for the article ... Eternal memory to these people ...
  21. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid April 12 2016 18: 15
    +1
    Dear Sophia, lately I somehow lagged behind and only yesterday I read 2 of your articles about a wonderful scientist - criminalist. Perhaps there will be a continuation? Apparently, I am the very last on that page Thank you very much for your publications.
  22. Sofia
    April 12 2016 23: 11
    +2
    Thank you so much, dear members of the forum! I really appreciate your opinion. People like Nina Pavlovna deserve the most respectful and long memory. Glad that you feel the same way and thank you. Dmitry, thank you for mentioning articles about the criminologist. But there will be no continuation - on this and we will stop.
    Sincerely.
  23. RuslanNN
    RuslanNN April 13 2016 18: 00
    +2
    How many ready-made scripts for great films, the heroism of the people, nothing needs to be invented. Where are all our Mikhalkovs, Bondarchuk and others like them. They remove all heresy only.
  24. Des10
    Des10 27 September 2016 14: 50
    0
    Thank you for the article.
    What time are people like that.
  25. George Davydov
    George Davydov 4 May 2021 22: 16
    0
    They did everything they could for the Motherland and for us, giving their strength and life. Bow to them to the ground! What have we done?