Military Review

Project news MBTS "Cayman" (Belarus)

Last year, the defense industry of the Republic of Belarus for the first time demonstrated a new armored vehicle. For the solution of various tasks related to the transportation of personnel and the provision of its combat work, a mobile armored vehicle (MBTS) "Caiman" was proposed. A few months later, at the end of March 2016, the Belarusian industry published the first demonstration video showing the capabilities of the new machine.

Recall the existence of the project MBTS "Caiman" became known in July last year. The Belarusian Military Gazette publication in a publication on the work of the 140 Repair Plant (Borisov) spoke about the work of the enterprise, including the creation of new projects. In 2014, the plant was visited by President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko. During his visit, the head of state set the enterprise a task: he should have created a mobile vehicle capable of finding application in both domestic and foreign troops. The result of this order was the project "Cayman".

It was reported that the development of a new armored car was spent only four months. During this time, the designers of the 140 Repair Plant formed the look of the car and determined the way it was created. The Soviet armored vehicle BRDM-2 was chosen as the base for MBTS Cayman. In the course of the new project, it was proposed to subject this technique to noticeable reworkings, after which the solution of new problems was to be provided. Soon, the new prototype armored car of the new type was built under the new project, the existence of which became known last summer. Then photos of the car were published.

The prototype of MBTS "Cayman". Photo

MBTS "Cayman" is intended for the transport of personnel or certain goods, so that it can perform a fairly wide range of tasks. The machine can be used for patrolling, escorting columns, as well as reconnaissance and sabotage. It is also possible to use technology in peacekeeping or police operations. Work is provided both in normal conditions and in emergency situations.

Published in late March, the video demonstrates the main features of the work of "Caiman". It shows that a promising armored car is able to move across rough terrain at fairly high speeds and transport troops. In addition, the machine is able to climb quite steep slopes, and without swimming to overcome water obstacles. If necessary, the fighters can dismount and start independent combat work. After landing, an armored car can support it with fire. In this case, the gunner-gunner also has the opportunity to leave the car and help his comrades "on the ground."

It should be noted, in view of the specifics of the proposed combat work, the demo video showing the capabilities of the Cayman Office looks quite monotonous. Within a few minutes the armored vehicle moves along various routes, and also lands or picks up the landing force. However, in view of the goals and objectives of the project, one should not expect anything else.

According to published data, the armored reconnaissance and patrol vehicle BRDM-2 of Soviet development became the basis for the armored car "Caiman". She “shared” some units with the new machine, which, however, underwent serious modifications. All this led to the appearance of a mass of external and internal differences. To improve performance and meet modern requirements, the base machine has been significantly modified, which makes it possible to consider the Caiman as a minimum, a deep modernization of the existing sample.

Feed cars. Photo

The body of the base machine has undergone the most noticeable changes. Modern armored vehicles should have a number of features that were absent in the BRDM-2. For this reason, the specialists of 140 Repair Plant radically redesigned the existing building, which as a result retained some of the details and received a number of new ones.

The frontal part of the body, in general, retained the existing shape when using some innovations. Thus, the upper front sheet has lost two windshields with armor covers. Instead, armor panes appeared on the front sheet and cheekbones, providing a full view of the front hemisphere. A small visor appeared above the windshield, covering the wipers from damage and serving as the basis for two headlights.

Another notable innovation of the Caiman project was the redesign of lighting equipment. Headlights, side lights, etc. were transferred from the upper frontal parts to the lower cheekbones. At the same time, all lighting units are mounted on sufficiently powerful frames and covered with characteristic grids. This was probably done to free up the upper frontal part and to improve the view from the driver’s seat.

The sides of the base BRDM-2 along the entire length were single vertical sheets. In the new Belarusian project, the side plate is divided into several separate parts. Thus, the upper inclined part connected to the roof was retained, and the vertical central reduced its height. Below it is attached to the inclined panel. An important feature of the deeply modernized armored hull was the use of side doors. In the upper and middle sheets of the boards are provided openings for the installation of doors. The latter are opened by turning forward and provide partial protection for the dismounted landing party. For greater convenience of work of fighters under the doors there are wide steps.

Armored car on the track. Frame from video

The aft part of the hull, in general, retained its shape, but the location of some units changed and several new hatches appeared. In addition, the window for installing the jet propulsion unit was removed from the hull's stern sheet. For cooling the engine and performing some maintenance work, four small hatches have been kept in the stern of the roof. It is proposed to install part of the lighting equipment and fastenings for the spare wheel on the stern sheet.

The layout of the internal volume of the body partially remained the same, but was refined in accordance with the new objectives of the project. In front of the hull are the driver and commander, the central given under the troop compartment, and in the stern are the engine and part of the transmission units. The assault unit of the MBTS "Cayman" is equipped with four seats for the fighters. For landing and landing troops must use side doors. The driver and the commander have their own hatches in front of the roof.

The demonstrated model of the new armored car does not have its own weapons, but it is equipped with systems that facilitate the use of personal weapons the crew. So, on the roof of the armored car there is a large hatch with a double lid, half of which open sideways with respect to the shooter. In front of the hatch, a device for mounting small arms, made in the form of a rack with a box on its upper part, is provided. This system allows you to use machine guns of the PC family, as well as quickly install or remove them. There is information about the possibility of installing other weapons, including automatic grenade launchers.

As an additional weapon is offered a set of smoke grenade launchers. On the top of the hull sides behind the troop compartment are mounted two groups of three grenade launchers each. With the help of these systems, the crew can put a smoke screen and under its cover to escape from the enemy.

Movement on the water. Frame from video

The new Belarusian project involves the radical processing of the power plant and the undercarriage of the Soviet-made basic machine. So, instead of an outdated engine in the aft of the hull, it is proposed to mount the D-245 diesel engine with 130 horsepower, produced by the Minsk Motor Plant. The engine is equipped with an electronic fuel management system, and also mates with a reinforced five-speed manual gearbox and power take-off.

Instead of the old spring suspension, it was proposed to use an independent torsion bar. In addition, the Cayman is equipped with axles and wheel gearboxes borrowed from the BTR-60 armored personnel carrier. Such improvements can significantly improve the characteristics of the chassis. At the same time, a change in the undercarriage led to a slight increase in the chassis gauge, due to which characteristic multi-faceted wheel wings appeared on the body.

To move on the water, the prospective armored car is equipped with two new jet propulsion units. They are made in the form of two propellers located along the sides of the stern of the hull inside the protective covers. In order to avoid various objects and damage to the screws of the window covers are covered with a metal grid. Drive propellers through the power take-off.

MBTS "Cayman" has dimensions at the level of the base BRDM-2 and hardly differs from it in mass. The combat weight of the new machine is declared at the level of 7 tons. Thanks to the 130-strong engine, the armored car can reach speeds up to 110 km.h. Power reserve reaches 1000 km. It provides overcoming various obstacles and crossing water obstacles by swimming.

Rise on a slope. Frame from video

At the moment, it is known about the existence of at least one prototype of the Caiman machine. The exact calculation of this type of built-in equipment is hampered by the absence of full-fledged data and the difficulty in identifying it from the available materials. So, the first prototype of an armored car initially received a green color, after which it acquired a four-color camouflage. Finally, even in the summer of last year, photos of the prototype were published in a new camouflage coloration, featuring less bright hues. In this form, the car appeared in the recently published video. Thus, there is every reason to believe that by now only one prototype of the new armored vehicle has been assembled.

As follows from the latest data, MBTS "Cayman" is currently undergoing tests, the results of which may be a decision on the future fate of the project. Previous statements by responsible persons suggest that the Belarusian armed forces are interested in such equipment, but whether such an interest in real procurement will lead is not completely clear.

In addition to domestic armed forces, a new armored car may be of interest to third countries. The construction of an experienced “Caiman” on the basis of the BRDM-2 that was available speaks of the fundamental possibility of organizing a mass modernization of existing equipment in the interests of third countries. Thus, if the project is properly promoted on the international market, 140 Repair Plant can receive the corresponding orders and retool armored vehicles under contracts with foreign customers.

The Cayman MBTS project was developed about a year ago. Only a few have been published during this time. News, a series of photos and one video. It is unlikely that all of this can be called active promotion of development in the international market with the aim of obtaining profitable contracts. Nevertheless, the plant-developer and without an aggressive advertising campaign can count on orders of the Belarusian armed forces. At the same time, information about the intentions of the Ministry of Defense of Belarus to acquire similar equipment is not yet available.

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  1. Uncle Murzik
    Uncle Murzik April 7 2016 06: 30
    modernized "mess", no more!
    1. PAM
      PAM April 7 2016 08: 11
      if they use old cases, then modernization is even very good, but for manufacturing from scratch
      modernized "mess", no more!
      1. Gray brother
        Gray brother April 7 2016 08: 47
        Quote: PAM
        if they will use old cases t

        Yes, there is little left of the mess, with the same success, these cases can be cut out of an armored personnel carrier or re-cooked.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov April 7 2016 09: 08
          It's just that the Belarusians were clearly inspired by the sight of the quite successful commercially "Fennek"
          The sanctions are lifted from the Republic of Belarus, there is an option to try to break into the market to saw the BRDM-2 armies of Eastern Europe. The same Poles have so far gone to the minimum modernization, but a decision has been made in the near future to replace them with a new vehicle of joint Polish-German development. Which will obviously be many times more expensive than "Cayman"
          1. Nova
            Nova April 7 2016 12: 16
            He also recognized Fenneck at first sight. Belarusians, I see, have joined the Turks in the field of copyrighting:
          2. Alekseev
            Alekseev April 7 2016 17: 03
            Quote: Spade
            there is an option to try to break into the market cut the BRDM-2 armies of Eastern Europe.

            There is an option, but only if technically this machine will fit.
            What is this there? Already not quite and BRDM: removed extra. wheels that allow you to overcome trenches and similar obstacles that cannot be avoided, there are no protective armored covers on the glass (do you not shoot in the reconnaissance?), the doors on the side create some conveniences, but weaken the body, and can lose their tightness with minor damage.
            Well, the tractor diesel engine MMZ-245 is accordingly good for the MTZ tractor. Of course, it is cheap and produced locally, but its forced versions (Goby, groove) are not a standard of reliability and unpretentiousness.
            Wouldn’t it be more expedient to leave the BRDM with the BRDM replacing the power plant with, for example, YaMZ-534, strengthening the protection with composite armor screens and replacing the communication equipment and aiming and surveillance devices.
            And so there is an attempt to make a military armored vehicle a kind of armored jeep for the military police.
        2. serega.fedotov
          serega.fedotov April 7 2016 12: 38
          Quote: Gray Brother
          Yes, there is little left of the mess, with the same success, these cases can be cut out of an armored personnel carrier or re-cooked.

          Old messes have pockets on the sides for retractable wheels, and if you cut off the outside just the cayman will come out!
          Only a few countries can make normal armor, and it’s just expensive

          .A old box from the mess in Lukashenko after the USSR remains ... So art cutting with autogenous, a great option, cheap and cheerful!
    2. vkl.47
      vkl.47 April 7 2016 09: 33
      pretty bronevichёk. I like
    3. Litsvin
      Litsvin April 7 2016 13: 57
      I, of course, "Patriot", but let the designer not lie !!!... Enough "driving the Soviet Ivan". Typical BRDM, in a new-fashioned kolkhoz body kit a la "BY-tuning". So let's say "they rejuvenated my grandmother" - they cut something off, tightened something up ("navel to chin"), did liposuction ("they cut off the fat from .. tops and sides"), "put dentures. In short, the "grandmother-BRDM" will lie in her grave like a young woman. Another sad thing is that in the 21st century no one can think of anything better than Soviet designers. Only they can make "clones". Once I saw an MTLB with an 82-mm mortar in the back - then they also shouted "there are no analogues in the world." Only to carry in such a huge box as MTLB 1 (one) dry mortar of the 1942 model is not wasteful?
      1. Lex.
        Lex. April 7 2016 15: 05
        Litsvin-Normal armored car cheap and cheerful
    4. max702
      max702 April 7 2016 16: 45
      Well, I don’t know ... somehow it looks better .. Yes, and the D-245 engine will prettyly sadden 130l \ s by 7t will not be enough .. But if the Tiger is 216-312l \ s another thing, and there’s no weaponry .. The only thing is armored glass and large doors plus this sample ..
    5. PKK
      PKK April 7 2016 19: 42
      For a quick reconnaissance, what is needed, take the anti-tank to the direction, the wounded must be urgently sent. To establish a connection. But if you fight, then before the first "fly".
    WYCCTPUJIA April 7 2016 06: 34
    normal little crocodile. will go to patrol. besides, probably not expensive. wink
  3. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 7 2016 07: 05
    a good upgrade option, I think. the material is not new, but I haven’t seen the video - thanks !!!!
  4. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 7 2016 07: 09
    Quote: Uncle Murzik
    modernized "mess", no more!
    for its tasks - BRDM-2 is a good machine - only mine protection would be increased - and the modernized one will still serve.
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik April 7 2016 07: 19
      I agree! just the word in the article "project" sounds like something pompous
  5. the47th
    the47th April 7 2016 07: 41
    As an armored personnel carrier, the car is of little use; it’s all the same not to surpass the APCs. But in the intelligence it is the place. Just need normal weapons and, in fact, intelligence. You can still replace the old D-245 with something more powerful.
  6. zadorin1974
    zadorin1974 April 7 2016 07: 47
    Butter butted yesterday already dismantled: zadorin1974 RU Yesterday, 23:18 | Tests of the Belarusian "Cayman" (video)
    I won’t discuss weapons, I’ll walk around the car. First, with visibility, the windshield is narrow, the driver’s left hand side almost overlaps the visibility and there is a trick on the side of the wipers (they are deployed in the wrong direction, they don’t clean the mechanic in half) blind. For convenience, you have to pay. That's it, they paid permeability for the comfort of landing, when moving mounds, ditches, etc., they will sit on a flat, wide belly, it’s good that they didn’t remove the winch. Good. They changed the engine to 245, as they say, it was washed with soap. this aggregator he was amazed at both bull-calves and murziks, and at MTZ-always breaking crap. By the way, you may have noticed that the rear overhang of the machine increased, taking, in general, not a steep lift, starts to scratch the back corner. And it was fluent that caught my eye. If you rummage, you can dig more serious plusses. But only the one who doesn’t do nichrome does not make mistakes!
    1. tchoni
      tchoni April 7 2016 10: 08
      I’ll also add that two doors for six people will not be enough.
      1. tchoni
        tchoni April 8 2016 16: 02
        And who does not believe - get five of you into a cornfield and try to jump out of there in a minute. without a back door. Only through the front two and the windows. And, what would be even more fun, put on the sheepskin coat on top and pick up the rifle in your hands.
  7. brom
    brom April 7 2016 10: 57
    No, not reached.
  8. Bersaglieri
    Bersaglieri April 7 2016 11: 08
    Ideologically, it is very similar to the Otokarovskie LMEs. How is this machine doing with the explosion protection, interesting? The bottom is flat ...
    1. serverny
      serverny April 7 2016 13: 38
      Most likely the same as the original, although it may have strengthened the bottom a bit.

      In principle, according to the experience of Afghanistan, wheeled APCs had good mine stability - standard anti-tank mines against them were ineffective. And in the case of adding 20-30 kg of TNT and a full-fledged 20-ton MPAP is not a fact that will save.
  9. Div Divich
    Div Divich April 7 2016 13: 57
    IMHO BRDM can be replaced by BMD - landing, more passable, more secure, more armed machine. Add a couple of small drones to the kit and you get a good reconnaissance vehicle.
  10. Div Divich
    Div Divich April 7 2016 14: 13
    In Russia, the Tiger can be adapted for reconnaissance.
    1. Lex.
      Lex. April 7 2016 15: 07
      In Russia, the tiger can be adapted for reconnaissance, they have and Russian tigers are modified to their needs foxes are called
      1. Div Divich
        Div Divich April 9 2016 14: 45
        Still, I got excited to make the tiger waterfowl - I’ll have to redo the whole car, as a result, it’s not a tiger, but a completely different car.
  11. Far
    Far April 7 2016 14: 19
    I wonder what price compared to peers?
  12. Free wind
    Free wind April 7 2016 15: 08
    An interesting car and indeed with spaced wheels that is something from crocodiles.
  13. Barmalej
    Barmalej April 7 2016 16: 45
    served on BRDM! there were two machine guns, 2 ammunition lay (for the ammunition different ammunition), drove more than 100, on the sides it was possible to hang up boxes for protection, the landing was convenient to sit, the wheels were extra! and this is a bulban - complete nonsense
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. Litsvin
    Litsvin April 7 2016 19: 23
    Quote: Lex.
    Litsvin-Normal armored car cheap and cheerful
    Skazhytse, Shanouns, Is Israel so the very first time I was going to "ruhlyadz" I will pass the Arab-Israel Vines from "Tsudouny Gabreiskiy scolding 21 stagoddzya"? hi
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. AlexSam
      AlexSam April 8 2016 19: 54
      should they answer you in Hebrew or Yiddish?)
  16. Yarik76
    Yarik76 April 7 2016 20: 46
    On horseradish goat button accordion, BRDM will be polovy!
  17. Div Divich
    Div Divich April 9 2016 15: 20
    Americans do mine defense, this is a machine replacing the Humvee.
    And they are slowly fusing the obsolete Humvee to impoverished countries.

    Cayman has no such mine protection. Yes, and the Tiger needs such protection.
    BRDM2 also has many shortcomings, in Russia the creation of a new reconnaissance vehicle will not hurt, you can use the latest world achievements in the field of light armored vehicles.
  18. The comment was deleted.
  19. Div Divich
    Div Divich April 13 2016 06: 33
    Above, the Oshkosh L-ATV indicated by me differs from other American armored cars in its increased cross-country ability, fuel economy, dimensions are adapted for transportation on a Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft and on Boeing CH-47 Chinook and CH-53 Sea Stallion helicopters.

    The six-wheeled version of the ambulance (in the front a two-row cabin from a four-wheeled car, in the back of the van) is supposed to be transported on large Lockheed C-5 Galaxy and Boeing C-17 Globemaster III planes.

    The cayman is apparently designed only for the relief of Belarus, and it is not known which air transport it is to carry.
    With a connection it is not known how there. All-terrain, mobility, protection, weapons, communications are not up to par.
  20. Div Divich
    Div Divich 7 May 2016 13: 03
    It turns out that on the basis of the Tiger there is a reconnaissance vehicle with drones and other equipment, you only need to purchase and improve ...

    There are also reconnaissance amphibians of armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles.

    There are also cargo vans for massive equipment.

    There are reconnaissance aircraft, ships, submarines.

    For the Arctic, you need a separate reconnaissance vehicle - a crawler all-terrain vehicle with heating, so that the equipment is where to place it.

    So Cayman is an outdated type of reconnaissance vehicle, there is no place for reconnaissance equipment there, it will be necessary to reconnoiter with your eyes and ears.