Military Review

Ukrainian Chernobyl does not subside

49



Almost 30 years ago the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Will Ukraine celebrate this sad date is unknown. Ukraine has many stones, big and small, with which it is trying to defend itself from the whole world. And one of these “pebbles” is a nuclear one, hidden under the weight of the sarcophagus, like this very long-suffering country itself. Perhaps, politicians will raise some kind of “bug” on this wave - this is their habit. But thousands of people throughout the Soviet Union took part in eliminating this disaster, and thousands of people across Russia will remember 26 on April 1986. No matter what they say and what they do, the elimination of the accident became an example of the heroism of all public institutions - civil, military, scientific. According to the annex to the order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation from 27 March 2003, No. 88, for four years 290 military units from all over the country were involved in Chernobyl.

Ukrainian Chernobyl does not subside


But today's Ukrainian government simply forgot the liquidators and stopped paying them pensions due to the law. At the end of March, desperate people tried to reach out to their power near the building of the highest government authority, but they were not heard. Also, the renewed Kiev does not want to implement in full the law concerning evacuated citizens. And when, finally, true justice will prevail, is unknown.

Not so long ago, information appeared on the Internet that the Ukrainian authorities ordered the use of canned military equipment infected during the Chernobyl disaster. In the DPR, a wrecked T-64 tank of the Soviet period was discovered, the radiation from which exceeded the permissible radiation level by 15 times. For example, starboard tank radiated more than 150 mcr / h. People who move on this technique - driver mechanics, unit commanders, gunners and others, receive a high dose of radiation. It is unlikely that the Ukrainian military will realize the horror of what is happening: recently, dosimeters have been seized for some reason from the first-aid kits of the Ukrainian army. True or not, let them figure it out for themselves.

We stayed the same история and the truth that many know. It is true about the courage of people.



The first unit at the station was launched in the 1977 year. By 1986, it became the most powerful nuclear power plant in the European part of the Soviet Union.

On the night of April 26, on the 1 hour of the 23 hour of the morning, what was our pride became the address of our misfortune.

"Recently, we suffered a misfortune - the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant," - said the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev, in a televised address to the Soviet people.

A special zone was defined - a circle with a radius of about 30 kilometers around the station. It was possible to go further only by special passes.

A government commission headed by the Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers Boris Shcherbina has been established. From the first day earned operational headquarters with emergency powers. Everywhere technology, materials, and people were being transferred. More than 100000 people were evacuated from the cities of Pripyat and Chernobyl, as well as from villages and villages.

Radiation is a deadly, invisible enemy, penetrated through the armor into the human body and did its evil work. Radiation has neither color nor odor. It can be caught only by the counter cracking from tension.

On that terrible night in April, people passed here without armor. “The first contribution was made by firefighters who were able to localize the source of ignition, which could lead to very big troubles. But burning continued in the graphite of the reactor, radioactive aerosols were released, ”said member of the government commission, academician V.A. Legasov. “And therefore, the government commission in debates and disputes, feeling that it’s not possible to localize this accident using traditional methods that were prepared in advance at the station, began to come up with solutions that would solve the problem of localizing the fire source. A plan was developed to create a first protective barrier, based on the idea of ​​conducting an "attack" on the reactor from above. Were selected the appropriate composition of materials that would allow the evolved heat to take "for themselves" and create a powerful filter layer. "

So for the first time in the lexicon the word "sarcophagus" appeared. In the thickness of the reinforced concrete it was necessary to hide the destroyed body of the station.

“Experiments were conducted around the clock in the country's institutes that showed what materials should be used,” said the vice president of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Ye.P. Velikhov. “We tried to create the most favorable radiation environment for work and therefore we looked for ways that, on the one hand, would localize the accident and, on the other, would not endanger the people who worked.”

It was also decided to cool the fourth power unit with liquid nitrogen.

The accident is such that initially it was difficult to assess and predict its scope and nature. The Soviet scientists did not have a right to make a mistake.

The work shifts went on for minutes — the radiation fields were so high.



Helicopters dumped tons of cementing materials. There were fears that the foundation of the station could not stand: there were deposits of the most dangerous soils, sandstones. A tunnel was dug under the reactor hell into which concrete was allowed to enter. In the bottom, the temperature sometimes reached + 35 degrees. It was here that the Donetsk miners came in handy, who worked changing every three hours.

Only thanks to selfless, sacrificial work, the worst thing - a further fire - was prevented.

Simultaneously with these works, three concrete plants were laid on the waste ground in Chernobyl. The first launch period is ten days. Such long-term tasks were due to the fact that one of the most valuable materials — concrete — was brought from Vyzhgorod.

The new plant gave the first concrete 9 May. "Shipped concrete 124 042 cube. m, made 3 421 flights ", - such statistics hung on the board 20 May. According to known data, the construction of the Chernobyl "sarcophagus" took 400 thousand cubic meters of concrete mix and 7000 tons of steel structures. The construction was completed in the shortest possible time, in just 206 days. 90 of thousands of people took part in it.



All those who were in the Chernobyl NPP area risked their health and life, fighting for the “invisible enemy” (radiation) to not spread further.

30 years have passed, but those seemingly short month and a half of work on the aftermath of the accident, a resident of the village of Volno-Donskoy, Viktor Aleksandrovich Mastenkov, will remember all his life. Victor Alexandrovich is from the Oryol region. My father worked as a miner, and the family moved frequently. The young man graduated from school in the village of East-Gornyatsky Belokalitvinsky district. In 1968, Victor was taken to the army. After serving three years and returning to the village, the young man falls in love with the beautiful Olga and, without thinking twice, makes her an offer. The head of the newly-minted family worked in the mine for some time, then became a chauffeur. The young family moved to the village of Volno-Donskoy of Morozovskiy district, where they settled to work in a collective farm: he was a driver, she was an agronomist and vegetable grower.

4 September 1986, Victor received a subpoena from the recruiting office for the passage of the commission. As a stock sergeant, he was sent to Ukraine to eliminate the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

- We recruited different specialists and workers according to certain criteria: age - 35-45 years, two children. At that moment my wife and I had already raised two sons. By all measures, I came up. The charges were quick: in the morning, the medical board, and in the evening, the dispatch, recalls Viktor Alexandrovich. - Of the thirty people that day, only four were sent: me, Yuri Ignatov (resident of the Morozovsky district) and two guys from the Milyutinsky district. We were transported to the city of Yellow Waters of the Dnipropetrovsk region. There, being in a barracks position, we waited for further instructions. Daily on the divorce announced lists of required professionals.

September 19 Viktor Aleksandrovich got to Chernobyl. The liquidators' barracks were located in the former boarding school. The first trip to the accident site took place on the night of the same day. Initially, the craftsmen and his comrades were engaged in assembling a crane, about 90 meters in height, it was intended to block the roof of the ill-fated fourth unit.



“We didn’t work long, 10-15 minutes, due to strong radioactivity,” recalls the liquidator. - Ten days later, drivers were needed, and I went to work by profession. Not far from Chernobyl, there was a concrete plant, from where we took concrete from the transshipment point on special machines to an exploding reactor. Poured "sarcophagus", the so-called object "Shelter". Everything that could not be decontaminated, all the garbage to the very top was poured with concrete. A lot of people worked: drivers, dispatchers, distributing cars in areas, operators working on special pumps, and many others. I witnessed the fall of the Mi-8 helicopter, which occurred on October 2 1986, and the death of a crew of four. Near the 4 unit of the helicopter, the blades of the helicopter caught on the crane cable. Tragedy left no one indifferent.

Work on the creation of the "sarcophagus" was continuous. Around the clock machines supplied concrete. Each driver had a dosimeter - a device for measuring exposure. There was a certain limit of radiation, over which a person was no longer allowed to work that day. All were under the strictest observation, kept a certain journal, noted the radiation dose.



The machines were also under control, they were sent from time to time for decontamination, and if the transport was no longer workable, it was sent to the burial ground of a nuclear power plant. All overalls were disposable; they were also disposed of.

- Many of the guys who lived with us in the boarding school were nuclear power engineers. They advised not to walk without respiratory masks, explaining that radioactive dust that can get into the lungs with air is the worst thing, says Viktor Alexandrovich. - Therefore, despite the heat, I tried to stick to their advice, especially since there were enough masks.

After a month and a half, the driver-liquidator V.A. Skids, gaining the maximum dose of radiation, received a detour sheet and was sent home.

The consequences of the work at the site of the Chernobyl accident are irreversible, and the health of Viktor Aleksandrovich has deteriorated markedly. The loss of the ability to work and the burn of the respiratory tract became the price paid for good deeds. In the 2004 year V.A. Mastenkov was awarded the state award of the Russian Federation - the Order of Courage.

Victor Alexandrovich is now focusing his attention on his family. They with Olga Alekseevna brought up worthy sons - Alexey and Alexander.
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  1. The comment was deleted.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik April 7 2016 06: 40
    +2
    I remember that day .. I stood on the "bedside table" .. The guys from the shift returned .. Do you know where Chernobyl is? .. There the nuclear power plant exploded .. I served in Kiev ..
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich April 7 2016 07: 49
      +8
      Quote: parusnik
      I remember that day .. I stood on the "bedside table" ..

      and I found out "in the field", we were at the exercises in Magdeburg, of course, no one really realized all the horror then, except for the "nachkhimsluzhba" of the local training ground, he crossed himself ... a communist, an unbeliever.
      1. Astrey
        Astrey April 7 2016 16: 28
        +1
        Quote: Andrey Yurievich
        Remember this day


        And I, a younger schoolchild, in my Kiev, was unreasonably alarmed and sealed the apartment ... Although people do not feel radiation sickness until it is too late.

        Symptoms still periodically recur, pop up ... After contacts with BMP-1, so many who only see them from far away ... I live 800 meters from the outer border of the ChEZ, next to the tank repair shops, here’s such an imprint on fate .
        1. glasha3032
          glasha3032 April 8 2016 03: 08
          0
          But something all the same, people feel. When, after some time after the explosion, radioactivity reached Moscow (about a month later), there was a smell (taste?) Of blood in the nose, as if an insignificant microcirculation of blood in the nose, and for many this was by spread. Although, officially, the authorities did not announce or explain anything (according to the principle - since they do not write to the media - it means nothing).
      2. glasha3032
        glasha3032 April 8 2016 03: 18
        0
        Few people could have realized what had happened then. On TV, they showed that part of the destroyed block that did not suffer, and even against the background of power lines with not broken (!) Wires. But as we, ordinary people, assumed - an explosion at a nuclear power plant is huge destruction like Hiroshima and Nagasaki! And in "AiF" they printed photos with "scientists-liquidators", biting off radishes, allegedly directly from the vegetable garden at the station - they say it is not at all dangerous, the main thing is to wash the radishes well so that dysentery is not caught! accumulates in potatoes only in the tops, tops, and in cucumbers, tomatoes - only in the roots! ... That's how the authorities fooled us all.
    2. alex86
      alex86 April 7 2016 21: 36
      +3
      Factual notes on the text: - the first photo shows that the upper edges of the cascading wall are not parallel - the upper one sagged when pouring concrete, then it was added
      - in the boarding school they lived in vain, there was such a radiation on the blankets that it seemed that fleas were biting - whoever was smarter moved out, but the "partisans" could not
      - "Demag" crane 2 pcs, lifting on jibs 150 m with a lifting capacity of 250 tons, I do not remember the height on the main hook, lifting capacity 600 tons
      - the overload was in Kopachi, there concrete was transported from the concrete plant in dump trucks (clean), there they were loaded into mixers (concrete truck with a mixer) - they were dirty, they were already driving on block 4
      - "the garbage was poured to the very top with concrete" - it was incorrect, the steps of the cascade wall were poured inside, the outer sheathing was made of sheet, the inner one was made of fine steel mesh, "garbage to the top" can only be said about the first step, mark 5,40, it really has everything buried, the rest are clean concrete
      - dosimeters were of 2 types - "pencils" (it was believed that the dose was overestimated) for daily monitoring, and (I don’t remember exactly the name) drives with 3 tablets for assessing the total dose. Nobody was supposed to get more than 25 roentgens, so they wrote 23,5
      - the clothes were not disposable, they were washed at the station and given out to those who washed at the station - it was possible to go and get new ones by mowing down the new arrivals, but most were lazy. The pollution of the washing clothes could be such that it was necessary to run past dosimeters to check the cleanliness of the hands at the entrance to the dining room - and then they lit up in red
      - in smokers our smokers made a hole for a cigarette and continued to smoke - well, what can you say ...
      It was a good time, the best time in life ...
      1. alex86
        alex86 April 7 2016 22: 40
        0
        correction: not in the first photo, but in the penultimate one, where a group photo against the background of the cascading wall
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 April 7 2016 06: 51
    +1
    Campaign, still explode on ukrokakli. And it will explode not weakly. It will not seem to anyone.
    1. Tatar 174
      Tatar 174 April 7 2016 07: 18
      +1
      And there is still something to explode? I mean, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
      1. Dimkin
        Dimkin April 7 2016 08: 10
        +6
        I think that the previous post was not to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant but to those nuclear power plants that remained there and which are going to use American fuel instead of Russian
  4. sa-ag
    sa-ag April 7 2016 06: 51
    +3
    And I was on a business trip in Belgorod, children were taken there
  5. Rus86
    Rus86 April 7 2016 06: 53
    +2
    very interesting and scary selection of materials on the topic 26.04.1986/XNUMX/XNUMX is here.
    https://www.drive2.ru/b/2940354/
  6. V.ic
    V.ic April 7 2016 07: 00
    +2
    Then they raised our squadron (Shprotava SGV) and for a whole week plowed the sky over Poland, taking measurements. They worked mainly MI-24, they were DP-5. "Eight" did not fly for measurements, they / Mi-8T / had DP-3 with less sensitivity. The full-time "chemist" and part of the "servants" / for some reason only the "arms" / were on a business trip in the Union for almost 2 weeks. It was alarming.
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 April 7 2016 09: 23
      0
      Yes, I remember this. We in Klyuchevoe also monitored the flight of your probes, the weather reports on the switch were a priority. Every half an hour the reports went about the wind direction is strong. Etc, etc.
  7. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 7 2016 07: 01
    +7
    Thanks Polinushka - a good article! and Chernobyl is a common pain - only Ukraine has forgotten about it .......... but they don’t have time for this - they need to jump .........
    1. Amurets
      Amurets April 7 2016 07: 15
      +7
      Quote: Volga Cossack
      Thanks Polinushka - a good article! and Chernobyl is a common pain - only Ukraine has forgotten about it .......... but they don’t have time for this - they need to jump .........

      Yes, they will not jump, but they are trying, with the help of the United States in the person of Westinghouse, to arrange four more Chernobyls, in the form of the South Ukrainian, Rivne, Khmelnitsky and Zaporizhzhya NPPs.
  8. Scud
    Scud April 7 2016 07: 10
    +6
    And today and yesterday, household lads produce, export and sell radioactive fish, wild animals, forest, construction materials, various spare parts throughout the dill, raising wealth in the country.
  9. baudolino
    baudolino April 7 2016 08: 06
    +4
    Knowing how the liquidators are now treated in Dill, it happened that hardly anyone would want to risk it.
    And I want everything to fall apart as quickly as possible, to start from scratch. And scary. If it explodes, the Emergencies Ministry, the army and, first of all, the "leaders of the country" will scatter like cockroaches.
  10. guzik007
    guzik007 April 7 2016 09: 14
    +1
    The article is certainly interesting, but here's the thing. Recently I watched Karaulov's program on this topic. True, the program was released several years ago. and so there he declares, relying on the opinion of very authoritative heads, that the reactor after the explosion was already completely empty! the whole mass of uranium "flew into the tube". But in order to downplay the scale of the disaster, the then leaders deliberately deceived the leadership, saying that 90% remained in place and a sarcophagus was needed. Hence the unjustified costs of its construction and the ruined health of thousands of our people.
    By the way, in the same place he says that all infected equipment has long been put into re-melting, and that the lion's share of the rental went in the form of water pipes to Europe. And he proves with documents, with photographing from this cemetery, already almost empty. Who cares, can find this program in YouTube.
    1. Spitfire
      Spitfire April 7 2016 11: 40
      0
      Quote: guzik007
      The article is certainly interesting, but here's the thing. Recently I watched Karaulov's program on this topic. True, the program was released several years ago. and so there he declares, relying on the opinion of very authoritative heads, that the reactor after the explosion was already completely empty! the whole mass of uranium "flew into the tube". But in order to downplay the scale of the disaster, the then leaders deliberately deceived the leadership, saying that 90% remained in place and a sarcophagus was needed. Hence the unjustified costs of its construction and the ruined health of thousands of our people.
      By the way, in the same place he says that all infected equipment has long been put into re-melting, and that the lion's share of the rental went in the form of water pipes to Europe. And he proves with documents, with photographing from this cemetery, already almost empty. Who cares, can find this program in YouTube.


      http://vivovoco.astronet.ru/VV/PAPERS/MEN/CHERNOBYL.HTM

      https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Чечеров,_Константин_Павлов
    2. Colonel
      Colonel April 7 2016 15: 50
      +3
      Quote: guzik007
      Recently watched the transfer of Karaulov ...

      If I were you, I would not really trust this figure. I remember at the turn of the 2000s, information came to him, as in one of the missile regiments a drunk soldier locked himself in the MOBD and he (the soldier) was picked out from there for about half an hour. So Karaulov, with an anguish in his voice, wrote about "The nuclear button in the hands of a drunken maniac."
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. fennekRUS
      fennekRUS April 7 2016 23: 03
      0
      Quote: guzik007
      Recently I watched Karaulov’s program on this topic.

      Well, you still give Ren-TV as a source. No offense. I talked to many in Rosatom on this topic. Still, the majority agree that Dyatlov's version is closer to the truth. And Dollezhal, well, had to cover his ass, and those that moved him. Bureaucrats remain bureaucrats, even with the rank of academician.
    5. glasha3032
      glasha3032 April 8 2016 02: 58
      0
      Karaulov said about the radioactive pipes, but there really was a scandal at the time, but not in Europe, but in Moscow, there were several cases of the capture of the use of radioactive fittings in the construction of buildings. The reinforcement was laid and poured with concrete. The case was released on the brakes, and then completely closed.
  11. Avantageur
    Avantageur April 7 2016 09: 21
    +3


    Wow, so much technology is idle ... How much, could you beat the Croats, wow ...
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 7 2016 11: 05
      0
      And then the Croats gave them a lawsuit and a scandal over the whole of Europe that Ukraine was pushing in radioactive equipment.
    2. igordok
      igordok April 7 2016 14: 51
      +3
      Quote: Avantageur
      Wow, so much technology is idle ... How much, could you beat the Croats, wow ...

      You underestimate x hlov. This is a very old photograph. Now, the technology cemeteries are empty. What for scrap, what for spare parts. They say that some technique was lit up, in the literal sense of the word, wassat in the ATO.
      1. Avantageur
        Avantageur April 7 2016 18: 53
        +1
        Quote: igordok
        Quote: Avantageur
        Wow, so much technology is idle ... How much, could you beat the Croats, wow ...

        You underestimate x hlov. This is a very old photograph. Now, the technology cemeteries are empty. What for scrap, what for spare parts. They say that some technique was lit up, in the literal sense of the word, wassat in the ATO.

        Well, yes, if you take into account that they take out "valuable" junk, like fire helmets from basements, where the level of radiation exceeds thousands of times! .. What is there to say about such an alluring and neglected military equipment, which is probably still in working order, even if , she still "glows a little") ..


  12. ss2323
    ss2323 April 7 2016 09: 45
    +8
    Eternal glory and memory to the liquidators !!!!!!
    1. 97110
      97110 April 7 2016 14: 09
      +5
      Quote: ss2323
      Eternal glory and memory to the liquidators !!!!!!

      What is so gloomy? We are still alive. Or did the Poles report to Ukraine in Deutschland that all the liquidators had ordered them to live long and that they did not need to pay anything? Do not believe, it is necessary yet.
    2. EvgNik
      EvgNik April 7 2016 17: 09
      +3
      Quote: ss2323
      Eternal glory and memory to the liquidators !!!!!!

      Swat was my liquidator. Alive, the heart really hurts. Well, yes at our age it is not uncommon.
  13. Sargaras
    Sargaras April 7 2016 09: 55
    +7
    Quote: guzik007
    The article is certainly interesting, but here's the thing. Recently I watched Karaulov's program on this topic. True, the program was released several years ago. and so there he declares, relying on the opinion of very authoritative heads, that the reactor after the explosion was already completely empty! the whole mass of uranium "flew into the tube". But in order to downplay the scale of the disaster, the then leaders deliberately deceived the leadership, saying that 90% remained in place and a sarcophagus was needed. Hence the unjustified costs of its construction and the ruined health of thousands of our people.
    By the way, in the same place he says that all infected equipment has long been put into re-melting, and that the lion's share of the rental went in the form of water pipes to Europe. And he proves with documents, with photographing from this cemetery, already almost empty. Who cares, can find this program in YouTube.

    I also watched this program. I think that Karaulov can cheat. He also said that there was a real nuclear explosion in Chernobyl, which in principle could not be.
  14. Gomunkul
    Gomunkul April 7 2016 10: 04
    +2
    Almost 30 years ago, an accident occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
    I would like to add information about my countrymen who took part in the liquidation of the accident.
    By order of the head of the VORP I.A. Shchepetova was determined by a group of ships that were to go to the area of ​​the Chernobyl disaster. There, on the Pripyat River, near the village of Strakholesie, a specially equipped water area was already prepared for them. According to incomplete data, dredgers chose more than a million cubic meters of soil, deepening the channel and building moorings. It was decided to send Project 785 diesel-electric ships to Pripyat. During the period from 1952 to 1958, 36 units of such a fleet were built for the Soviet Union in Komarno (Czechoslovakia). The courts were named after 15 republics of the USSR, prominent composers and writers. They were operated on the Volga, Kama, Don, Yenisei, Ob, Irtysh, Dnieper. Mostly they worked on tourist routes, so by June all tickets were sold out long ago. Minister of the River Fleet L.V. Bagrov explained to shipping companies that he needed to apologize to every passenger who was deprived of the planned rest. However, not a single reproach was received from tourists. Everyone understood that in a tragic situation, claims are inappropriate.
    In total, there were 13 diesel-electric ships in the area of ​​liquidation of the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster, 10 of them came from the Volga: from Gorky (plant named after the 40th anniversary of October) - "Belorussia", "Georgia", "Tchaikovsky"; from the Kuibyshev port - "Russia", "Karelia", "Kyrgyzstan", "Estonia"; from the Volgograd port - "Tajikistan", "Turkmenistan", "Uzbekistan". In addition, the Volga River Shipping Company dispatched the PM-634 floating store of the Saratov port and the Vyatka-2 ship-aquarius of the Gorky port to Chernobyl. Another diesel-electric ship "Azerbaijan" came from the Kama, and two - "Radianskiy Soyuz" and "TG Shevchenko" - were Ukrainian. More than 2000 liquidators of the accident were accommodated on these ships at a time.

    REFERENCE: More than five thousand Nizhny Novgorod residents participated in the elimination of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident. Currently, about four thousand citizens live in the Nizhny Novgorod region who were directly involved in the liquidation of the consequences of the radiation disaster in the 30-kilometer pollution zone. Of these, about 300 people became disabled due to this accident. More than 1200 participants in the liquidation of the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster did not survive to these days.
  15. dep071
    dep071 April 7 2016 10: 48
    +7
    There were fears that the station foundation could not stand it: deposits of the most dangerous soils — sandstones — passed here. A tunnel has been dug under the underworld of the reactor, into which concrete will be launched. In the face, the temperature sometimes reached +35 degrees. It was here that the Donetsk miners came in handy, who worked changing every three hours.

    1. Sandstone soil (GOST 25100-2011, table 1). E (deformation modulus) from 2000MPa to 20000MPa. What is dangerous?
    The point is still not in the ground, but in the foundation under the reactor. This is not just a few meters of continuous reinforced concrete, but an engineering structure from those. channels, etc ..

    2. About miners is also interesting. Digging by hand, with small means of mechanization, miners from the city of Kimovsk, Tula region.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 7 2016 11: 12
      +2
      This was done so that the molten fuel of the reactor did not get into the aquifers, but after everything was done, it turned out that there was almost no fuel left in the reactor - everything was thrown out by the explosion into the Chernobyl territory.
      1. Astrey
        Astrey April 7 2016 16: 25
        0
        Quote: Vadim237
        it turned out that there was almost no fuel left in the reactor - everything was thrown out by an explosion


        There are so many legends connected with this information that NONE of the checks gave a clear answer - is the Sarcophagus necessary?
        1. Vadim237
          Vadim237 April 7 2016 16: 39
          +1
          What does it mean whether the Sarcophagus is needed - of course it is needed, there are hundreds of tons of uranium and graphite rods - from each kilogram radiation of 1500 x-rays per hour is scattered throughout the station.
          1. glasha3032
            glasha3032 April 8 2016 02: 49
            0
            The station is not scattered - everything was cleaned and disposed of at one time.
        2. glasha3032
          glasha3032 April 8 2016 02: 51
          0
          Of course, a sarcophagus is needed, if only so that the radioactive dust would not be inflated by the wind in the district.
  16. iouris
    iouris April 7 2016 10: 55
    +4
    Soviet people, "Chernobyl victims", "once again saved Europe, performed a feat comparable to the victory over Nazism.
    The relevance of the topic is determined by the fact that a similar catastrophe can happen again in Nero-Russia, which is close to us. If something happens, the "peaceful atom" will overcome all borders (and in the Schengen zone too).
    It is hardly possible to realize the whole horror of what happened as uncomplicated, and today few people think about it. Everyone thinks about profit. Therefore, the lesson is not learned.
  17. Vadim237
    Vadim237 April 7 2016 11: 15
    0
    Interesting documentary, accident elimination chronicle - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qXF3gANlCAU
  18. Bramb
    Bramb April 7 2016 13: 28
    +6
    Quote: guzik007
    The article is certainly interesting, but here's the thing. Recently I watched Karaulov's program on this topic. True, the program was released several years ago. and so there he declares, relying on the opinion of very authoritative heads, that the reactor after the explosion was already completely empty! the whole mass of uranium "flew into the tube". But in order to downplay the scale of the disaster, the then leaders deliberately deceived the leadership, saying that 90% remained in place and a sarcophagus was needed. Hence the unjustified costs of its construction and the ruined health of thousands of our people.
    By the way, in the same place he says that all infected equipment has long been put into re-melting, and that the lion's share of the rental went in the form of water pipes to Europe. And he proves with documents, with photographing from this cemetery, already almost empty. Who cares, can find this program in YouTube.

    99% nonsense!
    I will not watch the program because of outright nonsense, just tell the names of those scientists. Very interesting. Phoned.
    We analyzed the causes of accidents every second: some of us had to work at nuclear power plants. I personally spoke with the liquidators, and no one spoke about what Karaulov was carrying.
    The main danger now is not the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, where, according to some reports, nuclear waste from all over the world is disposed of, violating all technologies. The main danger is 4 Ukrainian nuclear power plants that use American TVELs. And if we take into account that the term of many power units has expired (it is 25-30 years), and the Ukrainians have extended them by another 25, then all hope for a safety margin of Soviet times. Otherwise, it will explode and be stronger than Chernobyl.
  19. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 7 2016 14: 49
    0
    Quote: Bramb
    Quote: guzik007
    The article is certainly interesting, but here's the thing. Recently I watched Karaulov's program on this topic. True, the program was released several years ago. and so there he declares, relying on the opinion of very authoritative heads, that the reactor after the explosion was already completely empty! the whole mass of uranium "flew into the tube". But in order to downplay the scale of the disaster, the then leaders deliberately deceived the leadership, saying that 90% remained in place and a sarcophagus was needed. Hence the unjustified costs of its construction and the ruined health of thousands of our people.
    By the way, in the same place he says that all infected equipment has long been put into re-melting, and that the lion's share of the rental went in the form of water pipes to Europe. And he proves with documents, with photographing from this cemetery, already almost empty. Who cares, can find this program in YouTube.

    99% nonsense!
    I will not watch the program because of outright nonsense, just tell the names of those scientists. Very interesting. Phoned.
    We analyzed the causes of accidents every second: some of us had to work at nuclear power plants. I personally spoke with the liquidators, and no one spoke about what Karaulov was carrying.
    The main danger now is not the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, where, according to some reports, nuclear waste from all over the world is disposed of, violating all technologies. The main danger is 4 Ukrainian nuclear power plants that use American TVELs. And if we take into account that the term of many power units has expired (it is 25-30 years), and the Ukrainians have extended them by another 25, then all hope for a safety margin of Soviet times. Otherwise, it will explode and be stronger than Chernobyl.
    Ukrainians, or rather the so-called elite makes money without thinking about the future ......... regrettably.
    1. ple
      ple April 7 2016 18: 45
      0
      120 tons of uranium flew off somewhere .....
      1. glasha3032
        glasha3032 April 8 2016 02: 46
        0
        Almost everything fell out on the so-called "red forest" - a pine forest, not far from the station itself, where the highest concentration of radiation was. This forest was cut down and buried, the earth was removed in layers and the same was buried in special storage facilities.
  20. SPACE59
    SPACE59 April 7 2016 15: 40
    +1
    Father in the summer of 86 participated in the liquidation. First, they took me to Chebarkul, trained a dosimetrist chemist for a month (if I remember correctly), and from there I was sent to Chernobyl. Upon arrival at the place, he was a chemist for a while, then volunteered to be a driver. I went to 131 Zile, drove contaminated soil from containers from the station.
  21. wandlitz
    wandlitz April 7 2016 19: 21
    +2
    In May 1987, I was called to "fulfill a government assignment." Together with me, two friends, Valera Kotov and Sergei Goroshkov, were summoned with whom several years ago they were at a training camp in the Alapaevsk sapper battalion.
    They served in the 28 PHC UrVO. The regiment was located in the Gomel region of Belarus and every morning I had to go to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
    They cleaned the territory of the outdoor switchgear-750, the premises of the 3-th power unit. He served two and a half months and went home.
    Of the 1800 of my fellow countrymen from the Zauralites who took part in the LPA Chernobyl NPP, about 700 people are already dead. Not everyone died from radiation. But this is not the point, they all contributed to curbing the "peaceful atom".

    "Peaceful atom" stepped into the hut of the Ukrainian and Belarusian peasants - a sarcastic joke that went around in our regiment.
  22. fa2998
    fa2998 April 7 2016 19: 29
    0
    I got to go there already in 1988. The situation is already quieter, the "Shelter" was already standing (I looked through binoculars). We did not work close, set up a "fence". Many thanks to those who worked there in the first months, who is no longer in peace! soldier hi
  23. wandlitz
    wandlitz April 7 2016 19: 32
    +1
    In the summer of 1987, I was at the training camp at the 28 PHC of the Ural Military District. Eliminated the Chernobyl accident. The regiment was located in the 30 kilometer zone, in the Bragin district of the Gomel region of Belarus. Every day we went to Chernobyl to Ukraine. Upon arrival at the regiment, he received the post of platoon commander.
    The daily routine was not to say that it was tough, but it was strikingly different from what we were used to at home in civilian life. Firstly, the climb to 5.30 in the morning. Hang up on schedule at 22.00, but I only managed to go to bed so early after three weeks.
    After dinner, when the soldiers and sergeants of the regiment began to rest, the officers began work. Group commanders prepared reports for the day, compiled lists for departure to the station, and compiled a schedule of orders. And given that sometimes the lists had to be redone due to errors, descriptions, new introductory ones: such as “reduce the group list by 5 people”. Had to distribute these five wherever else. You’ll write pleased that you have managed, and then the command: “Set aside. Add the list to 7 people. ” And where to get them 7 people. Therefore, they left the headquarters in the first weeks only about 24.00. Then they got involved, learned to do everything quickly.
    In addition to work at the station, an ordinary life was going on in the regiment, characteristic of all military units — household work, equipment repair, service orders.
  24. 16112014nk
    16112014nk April 7 2016 19: 38
    +2
    Quote: Bramb
    The main danger is 4 Ukrainian nuclear power plants that use American TVELs

    There is also the danger of the seizure of the nuclear power plant by "maydaunami". There was already an attempt to seize the Rivne nuclear power plant. The guards fought off the invaders. How long?
  25. glasha3032
    glasha3032 April 8 2016 02: 40
    0
    And who knows about the fate of Major Telyatnikov, the head of the guard of the fire department, one of the first to put out the fire at the station? After all, he seems to have survived, although he was ill for a long time?
  26. Zeeke
    Zeeke April 8 2016 13: 53
    +1
    People sacrificed their health and their life time. Health to the liquidators.