Military Review

Russian took the bastion of unapproachable German spirit for three days

46
Russian took the bastion of unapproachable German spirit for three days



How many of them! Fate, fate, fate. How little we know about them, about ordinary soldiers of war who forged victory. Thousands of articles have been written about military leaders, but who will remember them, the unknown, whose names only the clerk adds to the list of the composition of the unit, or they appear in a funeral mournful line. That's the whole life.

What do young people know about war? Specifically, about the most terrible that claimed, by the roughest calculations, the lives of more than 20 million people. About the one that ended 71 a year ago with the Great Victory of our people over the horror of the “brown plague”. Alas, very few, some sometimes do not even remember the names of their great-grandfathers, who laid down their heads on the battlefields. But front-line soldiers are still alive, able to tell about night bombings, devastated villages, civilians shot, tortured prisoners of concentration camps and victorious marches of our regiments and divisions, we must listen to them, heed every word, memorize and pass on to the next generations so that, don't let God, this nightmare did not happen again. But he repeated.

“I will show you all the documents now, so that you do not think that I am writing something about my war years,” veteran of the Great Patriotic War, Vladimir Stefanovich Gaivoronsky, began our conversation, although I didn’t even doubt his military achievements.

The veteran took out a battered briefcase, from which he extracted a box of candies neatly tied with a ribbon, and handed me a packet of certificates: the Order of the Patriotic War, the Zhukov medal, the medals "For Military Merit" and "For Courage", "For the capture of Koenigsberg" and "For victory over Germany ", a lot of commemorative medals - mainly in honor of the victory in the Battle of Stalingrad.

“I passed Stalingrad from the beginning to the end,” continues Vladimir Stefanovich. - In June, 1942 of the year graduated from eight classes and, together with other guys of the same age, drove the collective farm cattle across the Volga. The Germans were already approaching our district, and it was necessary to withdraw the herds so that they would not be given to the fascists. We reached Kapustin Yar, and here we came from the field military registration and enlistment office and took all the guys to Stalingrad to guard the Red October and Metiz factories. Naturally, the defense of factories was not limited.

Private Gaivoronsky participated in the battles for the liberation of Stalingrad, served in intelligence.

“Over the six months of the defense of the city, I brought 13 languages,” recalls Vladimir Stefanovich. - Among them were ordinary tankers, and officers, and even the general! I destroyed nine Germans in a one-on-one battle.

Not surprisingly, after these exploits, the ordinary soldier was appointed commander of a reconnaissance platoon.

The veteran unrolled a rag parcel and showed two knives with which he went on assignments. On one of them was all the same lace as 70 years ago, with which the knife was attached to the belt.

Already in March, after the liberation of Stalingrad and the beginning of our offensive, Gaivoronsky was transferred to the Saratov region, where they were preparing marching companies.

- Imagine, we had a whole underground city there! There was nothing visible from above, and under the ground - many moves, where soldiers were trained. I, as an already experienced intelligence officer, explained to the fighters how to go into battle, what to look for in intelligence, how to give myself first aid.

A year later, Gaivoronsky was transferred to the Bryansk region for training in the candidate company of junior command personnel, and then to Moscow, where he was trained by an air gunner-radio operator. And after that, as part of the 129 th Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 1 Air Army, Vladimir Stefanovich was in Vilnius.

The veteran remembers his first flight as if he were yesterday, although 71 had already passed a year.

- Inhale, load onto a plane, fly, perform a task, return to the airfield, report to your superiors, and only then exhale. Crazy stress

On the account of the shooter Gaivoronsky two downed aircraft, but the Germans twice shot down their cars. Once the pilot was forced to land on the ice of the river.

Most of all, Vladimir Stefanovich was remembered at this moment by a hare running through the snow.

The second time an emergency landing was made on German territory. The Nazis did not find them, and the group got to their own. And they arrested them and kept them in a cell for three days until the command figured out what the matter was.



Königsberg is a separate page in the life of Gaivoronsky. Here he was wounded in the head.

- I felt that the bullet hit the helmet only when the blood began to fill the face. He took off his helmet, in it - a hole, and then a bullet falls out. Here, I still keep it, - the veteran took out a small convolution, - these are bullets and shrapnel, which fell into me.



Victory Day Vladimir Stefanovich met in Germany, in East Prussia, but Berlin was still far away. He recalls that their group had just returned from departure, and the commander gathered everyone in the dining room. On the tables instead of the hundred grams put there were small bottles of vodka. The commander said “Victory!” Only the next morning, the fighters realized that Nazi Germany was defeated, and the war was over.

Now Vladimir Stefanovich Gaivoronsky, the last of Stalingrad, Belarus, Poland, Czechoslovakia, "rotated the Earth to the west", as Vysotsky sang, lives alone in an old house. A good-hearted neighbor helps him in everything, and the veteran himself awaits Victory Day every year - the most significant holiday for him.



For three days, the teacher and his comrades took Kenigsbersky fortress

He spent his childhood in the farm of Shiroko-Bakholdin, Milyutinsky District. When he was six years old, the family moved to Verchobka’s picturesque farm. He had to go through a lot because those years were hard for the country. But Stepan never complained, steadfastly, like a man, endured all the hardships and deprivations. Decisiveness and firmness of character formed in him early. Another of its distinguishing features - perseverance. This is Stepan Fedorovich Nakonechnikov, a former teacher of the Verbobansk school.

Born in a simple peasant family, from a young age he dreamed of becoming a teacher. And he achieved his goal: in August, 1938, Stepan Fedorovich arrived at the elementary school of Verbochka farm, where he worked for forty years, devoting his whole life to raising children.

October 10, 1939 he was called up for active service and became a driver tank, and then graduated from the school of junior aviation specialists. The war was met by Stepan Fedorovich in the city of Orsha. He had a chance to fight in fierce defensive battles near Minsk, Smolensk, Dorogobuzh, Yelnya, Vyazma.

These were the most difficult days: the troops had to retreat, leaving their native land. Saw Stepan Fyodorovich destroyed cities and villages, heard the crying of children and mothers. The heart was breaking from the pain, but the hands squeezed even harder weapon. He believed and hoped for a quick victory, so he did not hide behind the backs of friends, did not sit in the trenches. Without thinking, he bravely went on the attack, rushed to the most dangerous places. He did not flinch even in front of the imminent danger of steel "tigers", took an anti-tank gun from a dead Cossack, and a few meters from the trench - under a German tank, and then opened fire on the fleeing enemies from his personal weapon.

Several times Tips was wounded, contused. But, having healed, he would certainly return to the line. As part of the Baltic Front took part in the storming of Koenigsberg. Stepan Fyodorovich recalled that when their regiment approached the city walls and temporarily defended, they constantly heard from the German side cheerful music, which was specifically turned on at full capacity. Also, the soldiers heard radio broadcasts with violent appeals and appeals, the meaning of which was reduced to one thing — they could not take such a protected fortress to the Bolshevik, they would break their teeth.



But the fascist braggers were wrong. The fortress was taken in a matter of days: the assault directly on Koenigsberg began on the sixth of April, and by the evening of the ninth the “absolutely impregnable bastion of the German spirit” had fallen. When the soldiers marched through the city, they saw how on some public buildings were written calls to fight as the Russians fought in Stalingrad. Only these appeals did not help the Germans defend their ancient fortress, which was taken within three days.

And the soldiers saw a truly amazing call-comparison hanging on the streets: the Germans took Sevastopol as 250 days, and Königsberg would never be taken.

It is surprising that the German ideologists cited as an example samples of Russian courage and based on them their propaganda.



Until his death, the village teacher carefully kept the medal “For the capture of Koenigsberg” and a photograph of the storming of the city, where he happened to celebrate Victory Day, to which, along with everyone, he walked long 1418 days and nights. Eleven medals and the Order of the Red Star are his awards for military affairs. But are they commensurate with life?

1 November 1945 of the year returned Stepan Nakonechnikov to his own Verbochki, and a week later he went to work, again stood at the blackboard and taught the children the tricks of literacy. Curious boys often overpowered him with questions, how and where he fought, and he always answered: “There’s nothing to tell about myself, but next to me ...” And he recalled his fellow soldiers for a long time.

In 1978, Stepan Fyodorovich retired, but was a frequent and welcome guest at school, helping children to get to know history native land. He did not have to meet the 40 anniversary of the Great Victory, he died on the eve of May 8 1982.

Burning projectile in the hands of

Nikolai Nikolaevich Asanov - 92 of the year. His “path-front track” began in the 1943 year, when he was mobilized and sent to the regimental school, where the junior command staff was trained. Having received there the specialization of the artilleryman and the rank of senior sergeant, Nikolai was sent to a military unit in Ukraine. Our fellow countryman received the baptism of fire on the first day at the front. His battery was supposed to cross the pontoons to the other side of the Seversky Donets and gain a foothold there.

“When I found myself on the other side,” recalls Nikolai Nikolayevich, “I was simply taken aback. All the land was covered with the bodies of the dead. They say that you can get used to everything, but it seems to me that it is impossible to get used to death. No sooner had the gunners recovered from what he saw, as the enemy aircraft flew. A squadron behind the squadron German aces in squares bombed the territory growing near the coast of the forest and the surrounding area. After the Nazis flew away, they began to count the losses. Three dead, wounded, only two horses left, so the guns had to be carried by hand.

Nevertheless, strengthened, occupied the defense, took the fight.

- Suddenly, I noticed that an explosion occurred next to the ammunition - the boxes caught fire. There was only one thought in my head: there were very few shells, they should be protected, they should not be allowed to explode. I ran to the burning box, pulled all the ammunition out of it, and threw the box far to the side.

The commander put his arm around him and said: “How were you not afraid that the projectile would explode in your hands? You saved our entire battery! ”For this courageous act, he was presented with an award and received his first medal,“ For Courage ”.

To the forest not only for mushrooms

When storming the fortifications of Koenigsberg in April 1945, Alexey Maksimovich Terekhov was wounded easily in the leg and in the stomach. A bullet from a German rifle stuck under the skin at the end of it (through 20, the bullet rolled out when he played with his grandson). The front-line soldiers reluctantly went to the rear hospital with minor injuries, because after recovery they no longer fell into their units, but went to the replenishment to other units. Starshina Alexey Maksimovich did the same: the course of treatment took place in his sanitary unit.

Once with the same wounded they decided to get mushrooms for a variety of soldier food. After the defeat of the German grouping in the forests remained scattered groups of Germans who did not want to surrender. Everybody knew this, so they took a weapon with them: comrade - a pistol, and Alexey Maksimovich - a hand crutch on which he rested, but when the handle of the crutch was turned, the bayonet was removed. So they went for mushrooms.

At first they walked together, but then they parted, calling each other, they got carried away and no longer heard the call signs. There were a lot of mushrooms at that time. The basket was already full when Alexey Maksimovich smelled smoke. Two large Germans in the form of an SS were sitting with their backs to a sergeant behind a thick spruce by the fire. On the team "Hyundai hoh!" They did not even move. I repeated the command - the same thing, but the German on the right hand slowly crawled into his trouser pocket. The decision was made instantly, took out the bayonet and plunged into the right shoulder.

The wounded man could not get the Walter by hand - the weapon passed to the foreman. A command followed to rise and follow to the location of the unit. The Germans did not want to execute the command, they had to threaten with a pistol.

The German wounded man demanded a dressing, but, as the foreman said, he feared that more enemies might appear, so he did not allow it. The second was unarmed, did not attack. With them were two large black suitcases, and the foreman forced a healthy German to carry them, then the hands of the German were occupied. Led to the headquarters of the unit. After interrogation of the prisoners, it turned out that they were two employees of the division headquarters, they had valuable topographic maps in their suitcases.
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  1. Arktidianets
    Arktidianets April 5 2016 06: 43
    +20
    Interesting memories. My grandfather, Grigory Alekseevich was a participant in the assault on Koenigsberg. Such articles need to be published more often so that we remember the feat of arms of our ancestors.
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 April 5 2016 12: 19
      +7
      What would not only be remembered, but what else would their children and grandchildren be told about such exploits!
  2. Urfin
    Urfin April 5 2016 06: 45
    +11
    wonderful article. Thank you very much, Polina!
  3. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 5 2016 06: 52
    +5
    Thank you, Polina, I’ve been pleased again, it’s good for you to write. I read with pleasure - as I think, and many on our site. and the assault on Koenigsberg is truly an outstanding operation. The Germans didn’t take Stalingrad even without forts, and bogged down near Brest with its relatively small garrison — and Our Fighters — Could — and took the Stronghold of the Spirit !!! someone will say the Germans were demoralized — that the objections were cruel!
    1. DMB_95
      DMB_95 April 5 2016 19: 08
      +2
      And our fighters in Stalingrad “Pavlov’s House” defended for 56 days. The Germans stormed every day, all approaches to the house shot. Horseradish! They didn’t. And France - in 40 days.
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan April 5 2016 23: 03
        -5
        Quote: DMB_95
        And our fighters in Stalingrad “Pavlov’s House” defended for 56 days. The Germans stormed every day, all approaches to the house shot. Horseradish! They didn’t. And France - in 40 days.

        Verdun the French still kept. If you compare the storming of cities ..
        But on the 5th day we passed Minsk.
        On the 90th - Kiev. If you compare, then compare things that are close in meaning.
        Kiev surrendered along with defending it, no, not the army! The front!
        1. DMB_95
          DMB_95 April 6 2016 09: 39
          +3
          And you do not compare the defense of Verdun in World War I with the Battle of Stalingrad (in the 1nd). In World War II, the French army, together with the British units there, barely managed to dump across the English Channel to Britain. And on the 2th day the Germans in full columns entered Paris. No one began to defend him, although this is the capital. Kiev, say, gave up? There such fights went to hold. A bunch of our generals died in the battle, not just the soldiers. Commander Kirponos too. And the Germans were killed many times more than before in Europe. If you are comparing, then do not put incomparable nearby. And the 2st World and 40nd do not confuse anymore. Verdun, damn it ...
        2. Cro-Magnon
          Cro-Magnon April 6 2016 11: 45
          +1
          What is the act of unconditional surrender of the Southwestern Front ??! "Dibi ly bl yat!" (C)
  4. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 April 5 2016 07: 02
    +6
    Here they are, real heroes, and without any exaggeration ... before them, lanky rams, as before Beijing, in a pose of an offended Egyptian backwards ... Glory to the Russian soldier! And ... Thank you dudu, for VICTORY !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  5. Korsar4
    Korsar4 April 5 2016 07: 06
    +6
    All the cities that are mentioned - Sevastopol, Stalingrad, Koenigsberg: just visual aids. Children carry, show and tell. Thanks for each of the stories.
  6. kirgudu
    kirgudu April 5 2016 07: 23
    +10
    It is precisely such narratives that modern Russia lacks in schools, books, and newspapers. This is not what movies are made about.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik April 5 2016 07: 53
    +6
    Thank you, Polina for a wonderful story about wonderful people .. a low bow to them from us ..
  8. semirek
    semirek April 5 2016 08: 06
    +5
    We living today found alive those soldiers who knocked Germany to the knees, yes, the victims were colossal and practically irreplaceable. The West is constantly concerned about the plans for the conquest of our country, in one form or another, and those heroes, known and not, about whom he tells Pauline - in fact, these aggressive plans were buried forever. Years pass - veterans are almost gone - time takes its toll, but for us living now --- we need to remember their feat and tell the next generation about the Great Victory.
  9. Bashibuzuk
    Bashibuzuk April 5 2016 08: 46
    +6
    Photos...
    especially the second, where the signs are Quednau, Granz, Fuchberg.
    Studied in Kaliningrad.
    This was Lenin Square. And the building with the portico to the left in the picture is the inter-flight house of sailors, MDM, in my time.
    There was no cathedral, there was a square and a monument to Lenin.
    What is there now, I don’t even know.
    ...
    And I know my two grandfathers and uncle who fought in the Great Patriotic War by name.
    Moreover, he tried to study the pedigree. He mastered until 1831, then could no longer.
    One of the grandfathers, Vasily Ivanovich, just in Lithuania in 1946 and ended the war. Forever.
    ...
    Such materials from the central TV should go. In Yandex, Rambler and Mail.ru portals
    From the screens of Russia ToDay.
    And not just in.
    In Popular Mechanics. And they will not want to place them in urkainu all of them.
    I think so.
    1. spravochnik
      spravochnik April 5 2016 08: 58
      +6
      Quote: Bashibuzuk
      Photos...
      especially the second, where the signs are Quednau, Granz, Fuchberg.
      Studied in Kaliningrad.
      This was Lenin Square. And the building with the portico to the left in the picture is the inter-flight house of sailors, MDM, in my time.


      They studied poorly, this is not Lenin Square (there is no such in Kaliningrad, there is Leninsky Prospekt), this is Victory Square. And this is not the Inter-Flight House of Sailors (MDM), but the main building of the Kaliningrad Technical University (former Koenigsberg Regional Court), behind it you can see the building of the FSB (formerly the KGB, formerly the Police Presidium). And MDM to the right, behind the scenes, now it has a business center.
      1. Bashibuzuk
        Bashibuzuk April 5 2016 12: 08
        +5
        Damn, Victor, right.
        Thanks for the adjustment.
        Still, in 35 years you can forget where and what. 1981 - how he left there.
        And then it was passing once only.
        And Victory Square, yes.
        And KTI RPiH ... and Kant’s grave with the temple, in the first picture.
        Right.
        Sclerosis darling, sclerosis fool
        1. lysyj bob
          lysyj bob April 5 2016 19: 36
          +2
          In the first photo, Kant's grave is not visible, but it is not far from this place. These are the ruins of the Royal Castle. This place has been standing for 42 years now, which you should remember under the name "House of Soviets". Advice there, however, is still not given, and in general has not yet been completed, but they are already thinking how to demolish it. The castle would be better restored.
          1. Bashibuzuk
            Bashibuzuk April 5 2016 19: 51
            +3
            In 1981, when I left Kaliningrad, the House of Soviets, in my opinion, they were just starting the zero cycle.
            Or maybe they didn’t start, I really don’t remember already.
            ...
            "... from the album youth will smile tenderly ...".
            And to me from these photos - my youth smiled. Though through the face of war.
            ...
            How much I have already forgotten. And the memory, it turns out, is distorted.
            ..
            Thanks guys.
    2. gamer
      gamer April 7 2016 21: 51
      +1
      Now it is Victory Square! The first building is a technical university, and with the portico-government of the FSB! hi
  10. Stirbjorn
    Stirbjorn April 5 2016 08: 57
    +7
    In general, I did not really understand about the first hero - in the beginning I was a first-class intelligence officer, then I went to the radar shooters at the end of the war, although intelligence agents are generally piece goods. And then, how did he get a bullet in a helmet near Koenigsberg, if the radio operators did not fly in helmets, but in headsets ?!
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan April 5 2016 23: 05
      -1
      Quote: Stirbjorn
      In general, I did not really understand about the first hero - in the beginning I was a first-class intelligence officer, then I went to the radar shooters at the end of the war, although intelligence agents are generally piece goods. And then, how did he get a bullet in a helmet near Koenigsberg, if the radio operators did not fly in helmets, but in headsets ?!

      You will be 90 years old. I'll see what you recall there.
      1. bubalik
        bubalik April 5 2016 23: 13
        +1
        You will be 90 years old. I'll see what you recall there
        ,, here near Borodino ,,, lolwe gave the heat ,,, I think that he is a veteran of the "remakes" ,,,
  11. Sarma
    Sarma April 5 2016 09: 31
    +4
    I don’t want to say anything bad about those who fought during the Great Patriotic War, but everyone had their own war, then, it just didn’t affect everyone, but that doesn’t mean that it didn’t exist ... Someone after the Great Patriotic War had Korea, someone has Vietnam, someone has Egypt, Syria, Angola, Ethiopia, someone has Afghanistan, someone has Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, someone has South Ossetia and Abkhazia, someone has Donbass and again Syria ... So you don’t have to write a lot about saying that there is no war and a peaceful sky above your head, because not everyone has a peaceful sky above their heads, after the end of the Second World War the war burned with funerals, prostheses and dreams in which soldiers dream of war every night.
    1. Uncle VasyaSayapin
      Uncle VasyaSayapin April 5 2016 14: 56
      +7
      That war touched everyone, because they talk about it a lot. 20 million died, tens of millions lived in occupation. Is there at least one person in whose family no one died? Or at least no one fought? My father was born in the far west of the country - I remembered how the Germans went to collect horses in the village in the 44th, and my father-in-law lived 300 meters from the Amur River, remembers how the bullets whistled when our army in the 45th moved across the Amur to the Japanese. Throughout the family, all men of military age fought and half did not return. There were not many such wars.
      But exploits of course, were in other wars. You should not forget them.
  12. drop
    drop April 5 2016 09: 36
    +4
    The feat of the Red Army during the capture of Koenigsberg is not only courage, heroism of soldiers and commanders, but also a thoroughly prepared front-line operation.
    I had to come to Kaliningrad in 1967. My friend worked at the Izmiran Research Institute, he went on a business trip, and my daughter and wife stayed to live in his apartment in the city of Ladushkin (Ludwig Steel). I was then surprised by the view of Kaliningrad. The city was clean, but many buildings were destroyed. The cathedral even has a barely noticeable inscription "Wir ergeben uns aber ist nicht kapituliert". This is what the ideological work was in Nazi Germany. Yes, these fascists did not surrender. And our heroes are Red Army men who destroyed them. I, too, would avenge my father, who died on December 27, 1941, on the Leningrad front, defending Leningrad. I have the honor.
    1. avia12005
      avia12005 April 5 2016 13: 01
      +5
      And I remember the pillboxes on the streets in 75, and the inscriptions in German on the facades of houses, shining through a layer of Soviet plaster.
      1. spravochnik
        spravochnik April 5 2016 14: 02
        +3
        So now you can see such inscriptions. German black paint is very persistent, creeping through later paint and even through plaster.
  13. iouris
    iouris April 5 2016 09: 54
    +3
    By the way, did the Allies bomb Koenigsberg?
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh April 5 2016 10: 45
      +7
      Yes. The British bombed 2 times in August 1944.
      Two raids of 200 bombers. In the second raid
      capital city, lost 15 bombers.
      1. spravochnik
        spravochnik April 5 2016 13: 59
        +2
        Before them there was one raid by the Americans. But they bombed in industrial areas, so the raid on the city itself did no harm and was not particularly remembered.
        1. lysyj bob
          lysyj bob April 5 2016 19: 24
          +2
          Quote: spravochnik
          But they bombed in industrial areas, so the raid on the city itself did no harm and was not particularly remembered


          In addition to the industrial zone, they demolished residential quarters in the center to the nines, the royal castle too. The cathedral with the tomb of Kant miraculously survived, although it got to him, until the mid-90s there was one skeleton. But the forts were left untouched at the time of the assault (probably by accident ...), they were already fucking ours.
          1. DMB_95
            DMB_95 April 6 2016 17: 48
            0
            I read that many streets were littered with fragments of buildings from the allied girls' bogey. This prevented our tanks from moving along with the infantry. Therefore, part of the fortifications inside the city had to be attacked without tanks. It was written that they did not bomb long before the assault.
  14. gabonskijfront
    gabonskijfront April 5 2016 10: 01
    +6
    My parents were one of the first immigrants in Kaliningrad, I remember an old German who signed up as a Lithuanian (the German-labeled Lithuanians had a chance to avoid deportation to Germany), he was a foreman at a fishing farm, taught Mordvins and Chuvashs (for some reason Mordovians and Chuvashs settled in Polesie district of the Kaliningrad region) nets and edit boats. A smiling little gray-haired man who had gone through the entire war on the eastern front, who had lost his whole family. Everyone knew that he was neither Lithuanian nor anyone who touched him.
  15. Zeeke
    Zeeke April 5 2016 10: 53
    +2
    health to veterans. And we, as receivers, need to keep the history of those days.
  16. avia12005
    avia12005 April 5 2016 13: 00
    +8
    I will die, I will remember all those who gave their lives for their homeland ... Eternal memory to the heroes and long life of living veterans.
  17. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA April 5 2016 16: 28
    +12
    3 days is only the last assault.
    In fact, Königsberg took much longer. For example, Fort No. 9 of the Don was taken back in the winter of 1945 (January 29-30) as a result of a daring operation by sappers:
    On a winter night in 1945, a rifle subunit was moving forward into the area where the enemy fortress was located. "The commander summoned the head of the sappers Sergeant Kisly. The sappers looked at the fort's ditch - 25 m wide, the height of the stone wall to the ditch (counter-escarp) 5 m. Ice in the ditch, so that it is hard to beat wells for explosives. Kisly decided to undermine the ditch with surface charges in 200 kg barrels. The explosions made descents for the infantry, but the fire from the caponier prevented the infantry from descending. Shooters fired at the embrasures from machine guns and anti-tank missiles, "sappers Kulba and Chistyakov were brought down the slope into the ditch one more charge - a barrel with 200 kg of tar and began to roll it to the right side of the caponier. But strong fire from embrasures did not allow to approach him closely. Then the sappers changed the direction of movement (rolling a 200 kg barrel, yes) and approached the left side of the caponier, where they saw an iron door, which was blown up by a small charge. Having penetrated behind it and not finding anyone ("Absolutely, absolutely no one!" (C) Rabbit), the sappers rolled the charge into the underground corridor (porch), apparently going from the caponier deep into the fort. "Then the sappers hid behind an earthen embankment near the caponier. Suddenly, the fort's ammunition depots burst out. After the explosions, "up to nine in total," the sappers saw "huge craters, shapeless blocks of masonry and frozen soil." What remained of the fort was occupied by infantry.
    (c) ecoross1

    The army of 1945 in all its glory. Sappers under fire explode the main shaft and destroy the counter-escarp wall, lower a 200-kg barrel with tol into the moat and roll along the bottom of the moat, twice change the plan of demolition (from the right wall to the left wall, from the left wall - to the wall), secretly penetrate inside fort (with a 200-kg barrel, yes) and, leaving a gift, go unnoticed. smile
    Kegorn would be in awe.
  18. Vadikkrsk
    Vadikkrsk April 5 2016 17: 11
    +4
    drinks good both grandfathers started Finnish. Cousin in Tehran.
  19. moskowit
    moskowit April 5 2016 18: 14
    +1
    Thanks a lot to the author for a series of articles about veterans. The topic is very necessary and immense. But let me make one remark ...
    Developing such a complex topic, the author is simply obliged to study the USSR award system. Not in the first article, a respected author, to put it mildly, makes inaccuracies ...

    "... many commemorative medals - mainly in honor of the victory in the Battle of Stalingrad ..."

    Let me note that the medal "For the Defense of Stalingrad" was established on December 22, 1942. And there are no state awards dedicated to anniversaries in honor of the victory in the Battle of Stalingrad.

    Maybe (now it is a lot) various parties and social movements in the form of familiar medals and orders issue honorary and jubilee signs, but these signs do not belong to awards.
  20. moskowit
    moskowit April 5 2016 18: 45
    0
    Colleagues who have read my comment and are interested in a huge mass of non-state signs that have the appearance of state awards, I give the address where these signs can be found ...

    http://www.zasluga.ru/catalog.php?category_id=22
  21. Signaller
    Signaller April 5 2016 19: 47
    +1
    The veteran took out a battered briefcase, from which he extracted a box of candies neatly tied with a ribbon, and handed me a packet of certificates: the Order of the Patriotic War, the Zhukov medal, the medals "For Military Merit" and "For Courage", "For the capture of Koenigsberg" and "For victory over Germany ", a lot of commemorative medals - mainly in honor of the victory in the Battle of Stalingrad.
    This list contains a medal for bravery. After that, there is nothing to say. Such medals were not given out just like that. You can, of course, be ironic, but at the level of soldier George in the First World War, you can definitely compare. Such heroes are above all praise. Medals were given for PERSONAL participation in the feat. Himself did it and received it. Such people are heroes. And the medal is the MAIN MEDAL - "For courage." Respect and eternal bow. I personally can't write anything else in the comment.
  22. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 April 5 2016 21: 30
    +4
    Polina, as usual, burns thousands of fascist tanks with napalm ... laughing
    Frankly, the article, as traditionally for this author, is weak in texture.

    Quote: Stirbjorn
    In general, I did not really understand about the first hero - in the beginning I was a first-class intelligence officer, then I went to the radar shooters at the end of the war, although intelligence agents are generally piece goods. And then, how did he get a bullet in a helmet near Koenigsberg, if the radio operators did not fly in helmets, but in headsets ?!

    So I had BIG QUESTIONS - but is this comrade misleading us? First half a year in Stalingrad, and even in the defensive period?!? Yes, even in intelligence? those. at the very cutting edge?!? This is virtually impossible. As they say, this is beyond. I know about Stalingrad from the stories, unfortunately, of my grandfather, who had long passed away, whom I trust a lot more.

    Go ahead. General captured?!? AND AMONG MEDALS of Comrade Gayvoronsky there IS NO MINIMUM of the Order of the Red Star or even higher?!? to whom does Comrade Gayvoronsky sculpt a hunchback? Do not understand Pauline? am

    And then such a piece of superintelligence - but in the air arrows? essentially a suicide bomber whose survival was several times lower than that of the pilots and who were generally valued by the command as ordinary infantry? This is one of the officers that hand then rose to such a transfer? request

    Interestingly, Pauline generally reads what she writes about?

    Draw your own conclusions.
    1. bubalik
      bubalik April 5 2016 22: 50
      +1
      ,,,, with all due respect to Polina, for an interesting series of articles, on the Feat of the People website, I also did not find this hero, whose image is displayed in the article ,,, although it should be ,,, recourse
    2. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan April 5 2016 23: 10
      0
      Vobschem stocks full.
      But, which only in the war was not, reality often surpasses any invention.
  23. robbihood
    robbihood April 6 2016 01: 18
    0
    The farther from May 45th, the more myths and legends. Good or bad, I don’t know.
    1. Ragnarjak4
      Ragnarjak4 April 6 2016 02: 39
      0
      Good of course. In the memory of posterity remains good, how else to raise children? On abominations and nonsense? As a result, 300 Spartans, for example, and Xerxes is a monster. History is written by historians, and they are still ambitious.
  24. Sascha
    Sascha April 6 2016 02: 41
    +1
    [quote = Stirbjorn] In general, I didn’t really understand about the first hero - in the beginning I was a first-class reconnaissance officer, then I went to the radar arrows, at the end of the war, although scouts were generally piece goods. And then, how did he get a bullet in a helmet near Koenigsberg, if the radio operators did not fly in helmets, but in headsets?! [/ Quote]
    So I had BIG QUESTIONS - but is this comrade misleading us? First half a year in Stalingrad, and even in the defensive period?!? Yes, even in intelligence? those. at the very cutting edge?!? This is virtually impossible. As they say, this is beyond. I know about Stalingrad from the stories, unfortunately, of my grandfather, who had long passed away, whom I trust a lot more.

    Go ahead. General captured?!? AND AMONG MEDALS of Comrade Gayvoronsky there IS NO MINIMUM of the Order of the Red Star or even higher?!? to whom does Comrade Gayvoronsky sculpt a hunchback? Do not understand Pauline? am

    And then such a piece of superintelligence - but in the air arrows? essentially a suicide bomber whose survival was several times lower than that of the pilots and who were generally valued by the command as ordinary infantry? This is one of the officers that hand then rose to such a transfer? request

    Interestingly, Pauline generally reads what she writes about?

    Draw your own conclusions. [/ Quote]

    I also found this moment strange in my biography, but how so?
    It indicated such a fact that between intelligence and aviation there were still junior command personnel courses in Bryansk.
    It turns out the biography usual for wartime. The Red Army soldier served in intelligence, distinguished himself in battles, of course, as was usually the case in the USSR, he was promoted to "leading work" - sent to courses for junior commanders.
    After which ..... he ended up in a school of air shooters.
    There can be anything you like, but most likely there was a disciplinary offense, after which Comrade Gaivoronsky was expelled from the cadets and sent to the Air Force as an air gunner. This is not a penalty battalion yet, but close to it. There are many known cases when such a "milder" punishment was practiced, as a temporary transfer to air gunners on the IL-2.
    But intelligence service is inevitably reflected in the personal file, and after half a year (or by injury) he was transferred from the Air Force to the infantry again and ultimately took part in the battles near Koenigsberg.
    Of the military awards he has only two medals: "For Ovana" and "For Military Merit"
  25. born_in_USSR
    born_in_USSR April 7 2016 10: 25
    +1
    Good article, very informative.
    In no case do I want to criticize the contents, but they strain the title of the article and several points in it.
    Why "Russians" and not "Soviet"? Was it only the Russians who fought? In order not to beat around the bush, I will immediately note that I am Tajik and live in Tajikistan. So four of my grandfather's brothers volunteered for the front, two of them did not return, three of my grandmother's brothers fought, one did not return. My wife's grandfather started fighting with a Finnish company, went through the whole war, thank God he survived. And this is the situation in almost every family of the former Soviet Union, then why "Russian troops" and "victory of Russian weapons"? Yes, the irrecoverable losses of the Russian population are 65% of the total losses, but each republic has made the contribution that it was able to make.
    The Tajik SSR gave the front 300 thousand people, 10% of the republic’s pre-war population, 30 full-blooded divisions, more than half did not return (of course, they were not all Tajiks, but Soviet citizens and residents of the Tajik SSR). I do not hint at the exclusivity of Tajikistan, but simply cite it as an example.
  26. sds127
    sds127 24 July 2017 23: 15
    0
    medals "for taking ....." - there are capitals and Königsberg. and the reason is simple - even today everything that remains of the old city has the mark of an assault ... it wasn’t covered, painted, or “washed”. on any building of the 45th year, on the railing of bridges, on curbs, but monuments and tree-scars of bullets and debris. There was a fierce battle ... the higher the glory of our ancestors.