Military Review

Germany wants Central Asian countries to keep distance with Russia

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Last week, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, who is currently chairing the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), made a three-day trip to the countries of Central Asia. He consistently visited Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The trip was announced as an OSCE event. Steinmeier intended to discuss with the leaders of the states the role of this organization in the region, to visit its institutions.




Delicate Germans and their insistent policies

In fact, the German minister was accompanied on a trip by a delegation of representatives of German business, members of the Bundestag, cultural figures, and the main topic of the talks was bilateral relations.

However, this does not contradict the so-called “Central Asian strategy” of the European Union, announced at the initiative of Germany as early as 2007 year and edited and corrected by German diplomats last summer. At the heart of this strategy is the assistance of the European Union in the development of bilateral relations with the countries of the region. Germany is primarily interested in them. It has an export-oriented economy with a high demand for raw materials and energy carriers, the diversification of deliveries of which worries German industrialists. No wonder they accompanied the minister on this trip.

At the same time, the route of Steinmeier passed by Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, which is precisely the source of energy resources that Germany needs. German diplomats explained this with special relations with Turkmenistan, whose interests are oriented to the markets of China and the countries of South-East Asia. And in Kazakhstan, during the preparation of the visit of the German minister, there was an election campaign, and the delicate Germans did not want to influence its outcome.

About the delicacy of the diplomats obviously went over. Germany has long and aggressively sought to convert its economic success into geopolitical influence in order to get into the closed club of the permanent members of the UN Security Council. Last fall, for example, Frank-Walter Steinmeier unexpectedly made a voyage to the countries of the Middle East, tried to have his say in resolving the most acute conflict in the world. However, the German minister did not succeed on that trip. He was only politely listened to by the leaders of Iran, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, focused on very different centers of power.

Last year, Germany signed a partnership agreement with Kazakhstan. As acknowledged by German diplomats, bilateral German-Kazakh relations are now "at a very reliable and stable level." Therefore, the visit of Steinmeier to Astana seems to be not so important. In the German Foreign Ministry, they somehow ignored that while the head of their department posed for reporters at a meeting with the leader of Tajikistan, President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan was photographed in Washington with Barack Obama at a forum on nuclear security. Such a demonstration of the priorities of the Kazakh leader was clearly not in favor of the German minister, and the Germans would prefer to keep silent about this disruption of the meeting in Astana.

They did not begin to strongly pedal in Berlin and the development of economic relations with the states that entered Steinmeier’s route. Then participation in the delegation of representatives of German business would very much resemble political tourism. In fact, for all the post-Soviet years, the countries of Central Asia have not succeeded in trade with Germany. Even Uzbek exports amount to only one and a half tens of millions of euros per year. German products in the Uzbek market more - within 200 million euros. For the nearly four-trillionth German housekeeper, this is not even a drop in the ocean. What to say about the Kyrgyz and Tajik, together under-up to a third of the Uzbek volume. Kazakhstan compared to its neighbors looks very solid. Its trade with Germany is approaching 4 billion euros, but Steinmeier did not go to Astana.

How Germany forms its sphere of influence in post-Soviet Asia

Experts give very different reasons for the visit of the head of the German Foreign Ministry to Central Asia. Thus, Sebastian Schick, an expert on Central Asian countries of the Berlin Fund for Science and Politics, notes that “Central Asia for Germany is not only one of the sales markets and sources of raw materials, but also a potential transit zone to China, which plans to build a kind of new here” Great Silk Road "to Europe". Germany has extensive trade and economic ties with China. Implementing them on a new project bypassing Russia seems to be very promising for Berlin.

But it's not only that. According to Sebastian Schick, Steinmeier’s visit is aimed at ensuring that the expansion of Germany’s cooperation with Central Asian countries helps them maintain a certain distance from Russia. In this regard, Schick recalled that “last year, US Secretary of State John Kerry made a tour of the countries of the region. Now here is Steinmeier. Such trips should not be underestimated. These are very visible, visible events. ”

We will add, by the way, that before the trip of Steymeyer to Central Asia, both politicians met in Moscow, where their paths crossed, and the Asian tour of the German minister ended with a regular meeting with the US Secretary of State.

What could Steinmeier Kerry tell about German affairs in the region? Unlike the Middle East, Germans have very productive projects in the countries of Central Asia. They were launched at the turn of the century, when German political education funds came to the region.

Here, for example, is the Hanns Seidel Foundation, which is close to the Bavarian Christian Social Union. He entered Central Asia in the 2002 year and began his work with the training of local government specialists. In Kyrgyzstan, the foundation works together with the Academy of Management under the President of the country. Over the years, over three thousand people have passed through his educational programs. Today, these people work in the office of the country's president, ministries and departments, and are headed by city administrations.

According to the testimony of the project manager of the Hanns Seidel Foundation in Central Asia, Dr. Max George Myers, almost half of the graduates of the Foundation’s educational programs in Kyrgyzstan have career growth and are consolidated in power structures. The Hanns Seidel Foundation operates in the same way in Kazakhstan and Tajikistan.

The Konrad Adenauer Foundation, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, the German Friedrich Naumann Liberal Foundation, which is close to the German party, the Christian Democratic Union, the Conrad Adenauer Foundation, the Social Democratic-led Friedrich Ebert Foundation, are implementing their political education programs. There are also separate programs like the International Parliamentary Fellowship funded by the Bundestag. They are united by one common goal - Aboriginal political education, aimed at strengthening the European integration of Central Asian countries, expanding German influence in the region.

There is a good basis for such contacts. In Central Asia, there was a large diaspora of ethnic Germans. Many of them have now moved to Germany, but have maintained ties with the countries in which they were born and lived before. This helps the German foundations to promote their programs, often going far beyond the usual humanitarian goals and creating a “distance to Russia”.

Frank-Walter Steinmeier has not been in Central Asia for ten years. There are several reasons for this trip. The main one is aggravated relations between Russia and the West. To the sanctions pressure on the Russian Federation now decided to add problems in its relations with partners in the Eurasian Economic Union. Kyrgyzstan joined him last August. Tajikistan is preparing to take such a step.

Kyrgyzstan, among other things, is on the threshold of the next presidential election. The next head of state, Almazbek Atambayev, will hand over powers to another, newly elected president next year. It's time for the “delicate” Germans to make an audit of their capabilities in the region before such a responsible campaign. In short, podnakopilas tasks.

How they will be realized depends largely on Russia. After all, today it is the Russian Federation that is the main trade and political partner of the Central Asian states. Will they resist the temptation of European integration, a benign picture of which is painted by visiting German politicians and educational funds of influence within their jurisdiction? A question that today has no simple answer ...
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  1. Sensatus
    Sensatus April 4 2016 06: 17
    +7
    But Germany does not want not to interfere in the relations of other states?
    It would be better if the refugees were put in order.
    1. alpamys
      alpamys April 4 2016 13: 10
      +3
      Quote: Sensatus
      But Germany does not want not to interfere in the relations of other states?
      It would be better if the refugees were put in order.

      Once again, I am convinced of what imbeciles and inadequate power in Germany. Drive him with a piss rag.
      1. Kostyar
        Kostyar April 4 2016 17: 26
        +3
        Something Germany began to take the dofiga, probably again wants to get a boot in the face ...?!
        Behaves too defiantly, in relation to Russia, as if we had lost the war to them !!!
        1. Aryan
          Aryan April 5 2016 01: 15
          0
          I'm looking at the "Aryans" again wanted to Tibet ...
          let them dig a tunnel ...
          across atlantis laughing

          in my opinion again it's time to divide Germany ..
    2. Max_Bauder
      Max_Bauder April 5 2016 11: 22
      0
      Germany wants Central Asian countries to keep distance with Russia


      Yes, they went fucking, with their Wishlist, you never know what they want, but we want Germany to keep its distance from the United States and Turks, and so what ?!
  2. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 April 4 2016 06: 38
    +6
    visited Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan

    The question is, what the hell is the FRG poking around in the sphere of influence of Russia. What do Germans need in this region? Or are they slowly trying to plot? Perhaps our diplomats need to frequent the eastern part of Germany, whose inhabitants are most of all not happy with Merkel’s policies.
    1. Ayujak
      Ayujak April 4 2016 06: 58
      +8
      Exactly. The main question is what do they want? Kyrgyz should understand that thousands of their countrymen in Russia bring millions of dollars to the budget of Kyrgyzstan. This is not blackmail. You just have to prioritize. And soberly look at the situation.
      Unfortunately, many of the young and talented have studied in the West. As in Kazakhstan. This may cause some difficulties in the near future.
      I think no need to worry. Smolenskaya Square keeps abreast.
    2. the polar
      the polar April 4 2016 08: 15
      -3
      Quote: rotmistr60
      visited Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan

      The question is, what the hell is the FRG poking around in the sphere of influence of Russia. What do Germans need in this region?

      It is necessary to ask not from Germany, but from our lord, who is the president and his Foreign Ministry, who have already spread Ukraine, will also cover Central Asia.
      What the hell are they scurrying around with, clattering their hooves, and trying to squeeze into Western Europe, which frankly spits in their faces, and turned their backs on Central Asia, our strategic rear and historical territory into which Russia invested astronomical money in the days of the USSR and left developed industry there and cheap raw material base. All this should work in the economic mechanism of Russia.
    3. Beaver
      Beaver April 4 2016 12: 44
      +1
      Quote: rotmistr60
      Perhaps our diplomats need to frequent the eastern part of Germany

      Find local people there who are ready for cooperation, train and place in key positions in the public administration system. That would be a song! bully
    4. user
      user April 4 2016 21: 59
      +1
      But it's not only that. According to Sebastian Schick, Steinmeier’s visit is aimed at expanding Germany’s cooperation with Central Asian countries to help them maintain a certain distance in relation to Russia.


      And our answer:

      In 2015-2016, the creation of two tank divisions in the Urals was reported: the 10th volunteer tank division in the Sverdlovsk region and another division in Chebarkul (Chelyabinsk region).

      http://lenta.ru/news/2016/04/01/backtoussr/


      According to experts interviewed by Lenta.ru, the formation of a division in the Urals may indicate the preparation of the Russian Armed Forces for a possible aggravation of the situation in Central Asia.

      https://lenta.ru/news/2016/02/05/panzer/


      If someone did not understand - WAR ON THE THRESHOLD.
  3. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 April 4 2016 06: 45
    +2
    You look, Hansics decided to become independent in politics? Maybe not from that start all the same, from this side did not think?
    1. avt
      avt April 4 2016 09: 18
      +3
      Quote: Shiva83483
      You look, Hansics decided to become independent in politics?

      No. His us was sent and he went. He should have another ten million refugees in Germany, then he will sit at home and not speak.
  4. pts-m
    pts-m April 4 2016 06: 56
    +2
    Germany is increasingly confirming its comparison with an instigator who, at the disagreement of its neighbors, warms its interests. Really the lessons of the Second World War disappeared from their heads.
  5. baudolino
    baudolino April 4 2016 08: 05
    +2
    Germany now saves on everything that is possible. And everything stated in the article is very expensive. Moreover, they have elections soon. So nothing serious.
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan April 4 2016 08: 24
      -1
      Quote: baudolino
      Germany now saves on everything that is possible. And everything stated in the article is very expensive. Moreover, they have elections soon. So nothing serious.

      Something I did not understand what was stated there.
      Educational programs? Well, okay. Let the leaders of the local tribes be taught the economy, and they themselves will learn how to add bakshish.
    2. Beaver
      Beaver April 4 2016 12: 34
      +1
      Quote: baudolino
      Germany now saves on everything that is possible.

      So they go, they are looking for where to buy cheaper raw materials. laughing
      Quote: Cap.Morgan
      Educational programs? Well, okay.

      All honestly, without cheating. You are almost free of charge for us - we will give you our people to the government. wassat Agree, otherwise we can change our mind.
  6. mashinist
    mashinist April 4 2016 08: 16
    +1
    People question! Why do I need to support (and at the right time and deed help) the side of Russia? For such serious steps, real motivation is needed. That’s what I’m proud of and what the Russian people are all about if they came from the unification of different peoples, including the Slavic peoples, led and by the will of the Varangian, in honor of whose tribe our people are named. All ancient culture, including religious, is a variation of their culture that we have fully or partially improved by us. Due to the late appearance and it is not difficult to guess the development + proximity to one of the most developed, western, civilizations, we began to borrow from them their fruits of development. Without them, there would be no creations of Pushkin and others since we adopted the fashion for poetry from France, the same with music, architecture, clothing, in many words and terms, science (sometimes and in some areas somewhat ahead of them but still moving in the general tendencies built by Western civilization). And only when our idol encroaches on us (well, what should we say to whom we imitate, from whom we learn from whom we take an example) we begin to move. Then the indignation becomes absolutely incomprehensible why we begin to move when a threat looms on us, but how else if we have not been self-sufficient throughout our history ?? And the West, seeing a weak sacrifice from time to time, is trying to destroy us. And it’s not even a matter of how many machines, technologies, military equipment we have at the moment and how much we are import-substituting, but at the very root of the problem, we are not a separate civilization, and the West as a partner we don’t need the whole story is confirms. And so back to the question of what we are proud of. Only by the fact that after another assassination attempt from the west, to which we are not ready as always, are we once again hitting them with a hat? Due to the large population, long distances, harsh climate for Europeans and the courage of our people ... is this all that truly can be proud of and for this we are on earth? today I have no doubt that the next collapse will be because we do not change the root! But there is no hope for a revolution, since there are not even the beginnings of some kind of change in the consciousness of society, but what kind of change can a consumer society have ?! And for this we again expect that there has already been more than once, and the only way out is the collapse of Western civilization and the development of the unlikely scenario of the notorious Vanga when Russia becomes a new ark for people. So why do we (the people) today have such a problematic mediator of Western civilization as Russia, why can’t we directly cooperate with the West (I’m talking about the average man, without high words about saving Russia from self-destruction of the West)? It turns out that we men support with their labor and blood the ever-surviving state. education in which to find comfort, even justice can not be found, why not emigrate, even at a time when there were no blacks in France, to the west and live normally. Harassment here and there but there you are at least in the center of the world .. Look, we are almost empty of one raw material!
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan April 4 2016 08: 26
      +7
      The solution is insidious. Mendeleev
    2. Vasyan1971
      Vasyan1971 April 4 2016 08: 44
      +8
      "... Look, we are practically empty one raw material! ..."
      Another zrada! Ahhhh! We all will die!
      We have no space! We have no atomic energy! Our army is armed with a stick-drekolya (they, by the way, and we will "beat on the cap" of a highly developed foe). We have neither science nor art. We have nothing of our own, except for stolen from our neighbors! And it's great luck for us that they exist - the owners of "an export-oriented economy with a high demand for raw materials and energy resources, the diversification of supplies of which worries German industrialists.", Otherwise we would be wretched for a sniff of tobacco!
      I’m going to be sad and sprinkle my head with ashes ...
    3. Beaver
      Beaver April 4 2016 12: 24
      +3
      Quote: mashinist
      we almost empty

      belay Yes, yes, namely: life is dead, in the end - death. crying Me you sincerely sorry. crying
      Quote: Vasyan1971
      I’m going to be sad and sprinkle ashes on my head ..
    4. faridg7
      faridg7 April 4 2016 12: 46
      +2
      Quote: mashinist
      So why do we (the people) today need such a problematic mediator of Western civilization as Russia, why can’t we directly cooperate with the West (I’m talking about the average man, without lofty words about saving the West from self-destruction by Russia)? It turns out that we men support with their labor and blood the ever-surviving state. education in which to find comfort, even justice can not be found, why not emigrate, even at a time when there were no blacks in France, to the west and live normally. Harassment here and there but there you are at least in the center of the world ..

      What problems? Suitcase-station-Europe. We will not be bored
    5. Ramzaj99
      Ramzaj99 April 4 2016 20: 14
      +1
      Quote: mashinist
      All ancient culture, including religious, is a variation of their culture that we have fully or partially improved by us.

      Stop smoking all sorts of rubbish ... the brain is bad ...
    6. The comment was deleted.
    7. Red_Hamer
      Red_Hamer April 5 2016 04: 27
      0
      A counter question, why does Russia need you? And the bigger question is, why are you in Europe? You are really "EMPTY"!
  7. Termit1309
    Termit1309 April 4 2016 09: 58
    +3
    Quote: Cap.Morgan
    The solution is insidious. Mendeleev

    Rather, spring ... elections. laughing
    There will be more and more of them every day.
  8. koralvit
    koralvit April 4 2016 10: 13
    +2
    Germany pokes its nose into Central Asia at the request of the United States, preparing the next Maidan. Germany today is not an independent country; Mrs Merkel looks into Obama's mouth what he deigns to say. Steinmeier and Kerry are looking for weaknesses for another supply of cookies.
  9. Belousov
    Belousov April 4 2016 12: 54
    0
    Well, where are our vaunted diplomats? Let’s deflate Central Asia as Ukraine? In diplomacy, you need to carry out daily painstaking and often very inconspicuous work, and not playful press conferences. But with the results of our work, everything is rather poor, alas ...
  10. 8140
    8140 April 4 2016 14: 19
    +3
    Someone here wrote that we need a strong Germany. This is when it is an ally, then it is acceptable. But in such a situation? Do we need it?
    At the moment, the political elite is against us and who believes that after Merkel the chancellor comes, ready to go against the states, I think it’s bitterly wrong. These throws from country to country in search of friendship;) You are not tired! Naive! Either they wrote about the friendship with the stolen enthusiastically, then the Turks beloved allies ... You only need to rely on yourself and your forces and move your interests to others. And not to divide by HALAWA, and there are many examples from the gentleman’s shoulder, but among themselves ... The roads are still broken, the Unfinished Children’s houses are still living in St. Petersburg, communal residents still have low wages and pensions. We have enough of our own problems.
    Therefore, we must squeeze everyone, guided by our interests, for our people; for grandparents, children and mothers. For all of us.
    The game of Altruism is known to what led. Look at the former Republics, do they remember goodness mostly?
    We have no friends and never had! Everyone has their own interests.
  11. Obolensky
    Obolensky April 4 2016 14: 33
    +1
    And I would like for Germany and all of Europe not to get into their own business. You are in Europe, here and deal with your Europe. And let other states decide for themselves at what distance and with whom they should talk, and whether to talk at all.
  12. Cucumbers
    Cucumbers April 4 2016 16: 05
    +1
    It shows who’s the main one here in reality. If you want to be an aborigine, then it’s your friends, then you don’t want to be Russia then. Divide and conquer using the example of the US Indians. There is a line in Ukraine for stepping on a rake
  13. Ros 56
    Ros 56 April 6 2016 09: 12
    0
    Apparently, the Germans received very valuable instructions from overseas, in connection with which recently they began to pursue an unfriendly policy towards Russia. At the same time, in every possible way hiding behind verbal husks. It can be seen that in the past, Merkel’s grand deeds were unknown to the public, but they were known to the striped special services or they promised her something that she couldn’t refuse.