Military Review

Flint Lock Musketon Gun from the Beginning of the Century 18


The term Musketon or Blunderbuss is derived from the Dutch word “Donderbus”, which translates literally as “Thunder pipe”.

The transition from the word “donder” (thunder) to the word “blunder” (error) probably occurred due to low accuracy weapons when shooting at long distances. Although it is possible, and vice versa, “error” implies a visual discrepancy between the relatively small size of the musket (Blunderbuss) and its high effectiveness in close combat.

Musketons are the prototype of modern shotguns. They were made both long-barreled and in the form of short-barreled weapons - pistols. The musketon became the favorite weapon of boarding combat, mounted warriors, and also along with a pair of pistols became the standard armament of postal carriages. In the early musketons, the forearm tip was made in the shape of a dragon's head. During the shot, the impression was that the fire-breathing dragon was striking the enemy.

It is because of the characteristics of the armament and the term Dragon (dragon) that the name of the cavalry units - Dragunov (dragoon) - came about. Dragoon regiments were created in most European armies at the end of the 17 and the beginning of the 18 centuries. It was at this time marked especially mass production of musket.

The musketket expanding at the end contributed to a large defeat area at short distances and simplified the loading of the weapon. It was easier to pour gunpowder and charge of lead balls into the socket, which is especially important for an equestrian warrior.

Presented on the photo musket-gun made at the beginning of the 18 century. The total length of the weapon is only 275 mm, barrel length 155 mm, barrel diameter at the muzzle 27 mm. Under the barrel in a special nest is placed a ramrod with a steel tip.

A flintlock of Mediterranean type, probably of Spanish origin, is installed on the right side of the bed. The overall design of such locks has a single name mikelet (miquelet) and is similar to the design of the Caucasian flint locks. The spring is located on the outer surface of the keypad. The screw head of the trigger is made in the form of a ring. Steel trigger guard, has a rounded shape. Trigger curved with a ring-bent tip. The metal surfaces of the parts of the castle are engraved.

On the left side of the box there is a bracket for fastening the weapon on the belt. The bracket is attached to the box with two screws with semicircular heads. The first half of the trunk has an octahedral shape. On the top there is an engraved text "Sanches". The name of this master is found in reference books with reference to weapons manufactured between 1720 and 1740.

In the lower part of the forearm two rings are installed to prevent the wood from cracking. The surface of the bed covers the inlay of silver plates, fixed with small studs.

The inlays on the bed are made not only in the form of a geometric pattern and floral ornament, but also depicts various fanciful faces and mythical creatures. The tail portion of the handle is extended and resembles a rifle butt. Its tip is reinforced with metal to be used as a melee weapon.

This musket gun is certainly a very original and unique weapon. Such weapons were made in single copies and represent a huge historical and cultural value. In 2015, these weapons were sold at one of the American arms auctions for $ 10.
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  1. Dam
    Dam April 2 2016 01: 00
    Humanity invariably makes the murder weapon very beautiful. This gun is no exception.
  2. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn April 2 2016 06: 31
    But how could buckshot not get enough sleep? Wad there or what?
  3. alex-cn
    alex-cn April 2 2016 09: 08
    Judging by the caliber, buckshot included a good handful. And woe to the one who was nearby.
    The strong extension of the handle below is interesting, maybe it is a reduced butt, although it is not clear where to lean it ...
    After all, there was also a close weapon - a trombone. A little longer, and also with a shortened butt, but normal shape. The truth, it was considered more boarding weapons.
    1. igordok
      igordok April 2 2016 10: 39
      Quote: alex-cn
      The strong extension of the handle below is interesting, maybe it is a reduced butt, although it is not clear where to lean it ...

      After the shot, due to long loading, pistols often had to be used as a cold steel strike weapon. Maybe here for a blow, although it does not seem to look.

      The picture is already exhaustive. Like a boarding gun. (Replica)
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 April 2 2016 15: 00
        - And they rested on the thigh ... If the musket is a dragoon, then for the horse just right ...
        1. Lekov L
          Lekov L April 2 2016 20: 00
          Do not forget, while the cuirass was still widely used, especially in heavy cavalry.
          So this is exactly a shortened stock and judging by the "pitch", excuse the term - who does not know
          the angle between the plane of the butt and the continuation of the sighting line
          , this device should not rest on the saddle bow, but on the upper part of the cuirass - a sort of shortened butt with the arms held with one hand.
          I can be wrong. winked I do not insist.
          Moreover, with urgent need, shooting is possible without a stop. With black powder and its own considerable mass of the aggregate, the recoil can be sustained, although it is unpleasant. belay
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 April 2 2016 18: 43
      Quote: alex-cn
      Otya, it’s not clear where to lean him ...

      In the upper thigh. The only opportunity. The return of this mini-gun, God forbid! The brush will tear off, with such a shape of the handle. So thigh or bow saddles.
  4. avt
    avt April 2 2016 09: 33
    Abalde! Straight glamorous pirate .... sawn-off shotgun. laughing good Thing!
  5. moskowit
    moskowit April 2 2016 17: 07
    An interesting version of the origin of the word "dragoon" ... It is necessary to search the net ... Thank you ... And the pistil is cool ... It looks like Barmaley was drawn with this ...
  6. moskowit
    moskowit April 2 2016 17: 40
    Veremeyev has two versions in "Anatomy of the Army" ...

    "... The very name" dragoons ", according to the version rooted among historians, refers to the middle of the XNUMXth century, when the French marshal Brissac put selected infantrymen on horses and gave them banners with the image of dragons. From these banners the name" dragoons "originated. But there is also and another version that these regiments got their name from their weapons - "dragon", a short musket ... "
  7. 2005 Aleksey
    2005 Aleksey April 3 2016 17: 02
    And after the shot from the pistol, the reload was very long and very uncomfortable. As long as you fall asleep, while you insert the bullet, while you light the wick, it takes a lot of time.
    1. dvg1959
      dvg1959 April 3 2016 19: 41
      You are right, reloading brought a lot of trouble, which in turn reflected on the efficiency of its use.
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 April 3 2016 22: 48
        - THREE shots in 46 seconds ... And this is at the re-enactor ...
    2. The comment was deleted.
  8. dvg1959
    dvg1959 April 3 2016 19: 39
    Magnificent weapons of the eighteenth century.
  9. Old_Python
    Old_Python April 4 2016 08: 59
    Ai shaitan trumpet! What a beautiful yes! fellow