Military Review

Air Force

29



Russia spent 33 billion rubles on a military operation in Syria, but it could earn much more. Combat use of Russian weapons in the Middle East it has become the best advertisement for buyers: the amount of potential export contracts, according to the calculations of "Money", in the coming years can reach $ 6-7 billion.

Syrian costs

The air operation in Syria began on September 30, when bombers from the Russian air group formed in Latakia struck the first blows against the positions of the Islamic State (IG; prohibited in Russia). Since then, high-ranking officials have explained interference in the course of the ongoing war in the Arab Republic with considerations of national security. “The only sure way to fight international terrorism is to act in advance, fight and destroy militants and terrorists in the territories they have already seized, not to wait until they come to our house,” this is how Vladimir Putin justified the beginning of the Syrian campaign.

With a speed of 8 million rubles per hour


Five and a half months of the operation of the aerospace forces (VKS) of the Russian Federation in Syria cost Russia more than 33 billion rubles. This was stated by President Vladimir Putin. Accordingly, one hour of work aviation Russian aerospace forces in Syria cost the Russian budget 8,2 million rubles. Mr Putin explained that the funds for the operation were allocated from the budget of the Ministry of Defense
However, in addition to purely political dividends, Moscow is also counting on a serious economic return, associated primarily with a significant increase in the demand of external customers and the Russian Ministry of Defense for weapons and equipment, with the help of which military operations were conducted in Syria. For example, Sergey Chemezov, the general director of the Rostec state corporation, said in September that when the situation in the world exacerbated, orders (for the purchase of weapons, money) would increase.

For six months, the Russian military has turned the Syrian land de facto into a testing ground. At first, they relied more on proven equipment, such as upgraded Su-24M bombers and Su-25SM attack aircraft, but they soon connected Su-34 bombers, Su-30SM fighters and, finally, the latest Su-35S. Mi-8P, Mi-24, Mi-35M, Mi-28N and Ka-52 helicopters were also flown to Khmeimim, and the air base itself was covered by a dense ring of Pantsir-S1 anti-aircraft missile and gun systems, as well as air defense systems " Buk-M2 "and S-400" Triumph ". From land equipment to Syria were transported Tanks T-90 and armored personnel carriers BTR-82A. To strike at targets, not only old bombs like the FAB-250 or OFAB-500 were used, but also the modern KAB-500S, as well as the X-101 and X-555 cruise missiles. The latter were intended to overcome powerful enemy air defense systems, which, by the way, the IS did not have. Attacks by Caliber-NK missiles from the waters of the Mediterranean and Caspian Seas are generally different: 48 launches showed the technical capabilities of the products.

According to the Deneg source, involved in military-technical cooperation with foreign countries, now potential customers are eyeing the "proven weapon" - either in service with the Russian Defense Ministry, or already purchased by another country. "In Syria, we killed two birds with one stone," he says. "On the one hand, we demonstrated the combat capabilities of the equipment, attracted the attention of customers, and on the other, drove more than half of the existing flying personnel in combat conditions." It is noteworthy that in Syria, in addition to military profits, representatives of manufacturers of the latest technology: although all of it was put into service by the Russian army, the military decided to insure themselves with specialized specialists - in some cases it was easier for them to prepare equipment and weapons for performing tasks.

Six months of the operation cost the military 33 billion rubles: this money was included in the budget of the Ministry of Defense for conducting exercises and combat training, but were invested in a real war. According to the "Money", this amount takes into account all logistical and logistical costs. Another about 10 billion rubles. may be required for the replenishment of arsenals by means of aviation destruction and for factory repair of aircraft. Its total raid for six months amounted to over 9 thousand hours. Such intensity could not but affect the flight resource, for example, Su-24M and Su-25CM, which have already survived more than one modernization and repair.

Syrian revenues


It has become much easier to sell all military equipment flying and shooting in Syria: no one has yet invented any better marketing than participation in military operations.
Photo: Dmitry Lebedev, Kommersant


However, even these costs do not seem excessive against the expected dividends. As several military sources told Deneg, after the start of the Syrian campaign, the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation (FSMTC) received a lot of calls from countries looking to the products of Russian defense enterprises, most of them wanting to purchase aircraft. For example, in December 2015, an application for 12 Su-32 bombers (an export version of Su-34) was received from Algeria. According to the director of the Novosibirsk Aviation Plant named after Chkalov Sergey Smirnov, such negotiations have been going on for about eight years, but it all happened in a sluggish mode. However, the successful operation of the bomber in Syria gave new impetus to the negotiations: according to "Money", the first squadron of the Su-32 will cost the Algerian military no less than $ 500-600 million, the option to purchase more 6-12 machines is not excluded in the future. Along with these negotiations, Algeria requested one Su-35C for testing at the Tamanrasset test site in order to check the flight characteristics of the vehicle, the capabilities of radar equipment and armament. The interlocutors of Deneg claim that the Algerian pilots made a tested sample and are now waiting for the start of pre-contract negotiations on the purchase of at least ten such fighters. A firm contract for such a number of machines is estimated at about $ 850-900 million.

This year, negotiations will continue on two military transport aircraft Il-76MD-90А (in case of signing a contract this year, Algeria should receive two aircraft already in 2017-m). Another achievement can be considered the conclusion of an agreement to supply the same country about 40 combat helicopters Mi-28НЭ, the first batch of which is already ready for shipment. It should be noted that the role of the Syrian operation in this case is somewhat lower, since earlier these machines had already been acquired by Iraq for fighting the IS. But in any case, the Algerian contract for the Mi-28HE is estimated by experts at $ 600-700 million.

Su-35 fighters are also interested in Indonesia, Vietnam and Pakistan. Each of these countries has experience in operating Soviet and Russian aircraft, but the parties want to significantly modernize their fleet. Indonesia and Vietnam want to take the Su-35 in addition to the previously acquired Su-30MK2, and in Jakarta they talk about ten cars, and Hanoi, according to "Money", intends to talk about buying a squadron. In both cases we are talking about contracts worth over $ 1 billion, and the Indonesian military may be asked for a loan for this purpose.

In the case of Pakistan, the situation is somewhat more complicated: in addition to the difficult economic situation, the geopolitical aspects related to India interfere with the potential deal. The acquisition of four Mi-35 by Islamabad was perceived negatively by Delhi, so Vladimir Putin had to personally explain to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi that they would be used exclusively to combat IS. The interlocutors of "Money" say that the Pakistani military, with the most positive scenario, will be able to purchase not too many fighters - no more than six. But even such a deal will be valued at about $ 500 million.

There is an interest in the Ka-52 "Alligator" helicopters: on the line of Rosoboronexport, Egypt has been contracted for 46 machines, which will begin to be delivered in the 2017 year. It is expected that the demonstration of their combat capabilities in Syria will help find new customers primarily in the Middle East.

The case with the T-90 tank, which was transported to Syria both to protect Khmeimim and to cover the government troops of Bashar al-Assad, advancing on the positions of the IG, stands alone. On the frames of video filming, leaked to the Internet, captured the moment of the shot at the Russian tank from the American anti-tank missile system TOW. Armor T-90 shot survived. This example will now be used in negotiations with clients, said a top manager of one of the defense enterprises. These clients include Iraq, Iran, other Gulf countries, and the CIS.

On these days, the VKO Almaz-Antey concern is taking part in the DefExpo-2016 exhibition, where it will demonstrate the models of the Caliber-PLE and Caliber-NKE integrated missile systems.

Despite the fact that in the Syrian campaign, air defense systems were used only for detecting, and not hitting targets, the demand is high for them, according to sources of "Money". The appearance of C-400 in Syria sharply increased the interest in this product from the army of Saudi Arabia, and also intensified negotiations on this issue with India. In each of these cases, we can talk about acquiring from four to six C-400 divisions, that is, about $ 2-3 billion, depending on the number of launchers.

According to the most approximate expert estimates, the marketing effect of the Syrian campaign could lead to the appearance of contracts worth about $ 6-7 billion (about 420-490 billion rubles at the current exchange rate). Konstantin Makienko, deputy director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, notes a real surge of interest in Russian products, but stresses that "this has not yet manifested itself in the form of solid contracts." It is clear that various obstacles may arise in the way of carrying out transactions: technical (for example, loading enterprises with other orders), financial (lack of money from the customer), force majeure (a revolution in the country or a military conflict with a supplier). However, even a decrease in the potential gain of $ 1-2 billion will not be critical, says a high-ranking source of money in the government: "Given the exchange rate difference between the ruble and the dollar, we will in any case kill the Syrian costs in the foreseeable future." True, for this you need to start contracting right now: taking into account the production cycle of products, the final calculations will be made no earlier than in two to four years.
Author:
Originator:
http://kommersant.ru/doc/2932551
29 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Berserks
    Berserks 30 March 2016 18: 03
    +10
    The result justifies spending 33 billion. This has boosted the country's prestige!
    1. poquello
      poquello 30 March 2016 18: 08
      +12
      Quote: Berserks
      The result justifies spending 33 billion. This has boosted the country's prestige!

      not only prestige, I hope the Syrian campaign has interfered with bourgeois plans for the collapse of Russia
      1. cniza
        cniza 30 March 2016 18: 48
        +6
        Quote: poquello
        Quote: Berserks
        The result justifies spending 33 billion. This has boosted the country's prestige!

        not only prestige, I hope the Syrian campaign has interfered with bourgeois plans for the collapse of Russia


        This is one of the main goals and a little more brought down the arrogance of those who want to fight.
        1. neo.
          neo. 30 March 2016 19: 21
          +3
          With all this, the costs not only paid off, but also brought profit and super advertising of our weapons. And the line continues to grow!
          the marketing effect of the Syrian campaign may lead to the appearance of contracts worth about $ 6-7 billion (about 420-490 billion rubles at the current rate)
          These are really "effective managers".
          Not like some plywood grabbers with reddish tints.
    2. Kostyar
      Kostyar 30 March 2016 18: 10
      +13
      Yes, even to talk about spending 33 billion is unthinkable !!!
      What, on the side needed to sit out ...?! Wait for Iran to finish and come to finish us .....?! Everything was spent correctly and competently in every sense !!!
      1. donavi49
        donavi49 30 March 2016 18: 43
        0
        But, there is still a point in time. The army fell like an avalanche from the loss of the city of Idlib. This is the beginning of the 2015 of the year, then it was clear that everything, if resolutely not to help. Idlib as a province was lost in the spring, and after the crash there were sad pedestrian races near Safari on Pickups from Nusra, the most successful were able to reach Foix and Kefrai and take up a circular defense there (they are still in the boiler - air supply, because Nusra does not let UN humanitarian convoys - only a few Saudi convoys passed in exchange for the exit of more than 1000 broads from a boiler near the Lebanese border, but like broads on buses and with weapons, the convoys immediately stopped passing). Crash in northern Hama - April-May. The fall of Palmyra - May 20. Crossing Damascus Homs - early June. The advance of the southern front with the blessing of King Abdala June-August. The offensive of the coastal division and Turkoman in Latakia - May-August, reached 35-40 km to the equipped Khmemim.

        The decision was made, already literally catching up with the departing train. Today, with all the successes of the SAA and VKS, the situation with the exception of Aleppo (where they unblocked AB, TPPs, closed a short route from Turkey and expanded significantly in South Aleppo) is still worse than in February-March of 2015.

        Although the new technique proved to be good, the 25 board did more 300 combat!
      2. Asadullah
        Asadullah 30 March 2016 19: 29
        +4
        Everything was spent correctly and competently in every sense !!!


        Most importantly, the Qatari gas pipeline to Europe ordered a long life. Or, only with our interest .....
      3. Zoldat_A
        Zoldat_A 30 March 2016 19: 33
        +11
        Quote: Bone
        Yes, even to talk about spending 33 billion is unthinkable !!!

        The well-known "pianist and liberalist" Boris Borisych Nadezhdin at Solovyov went broke that, they say, roads should be built, orphanages, hospitals-schools, and not in Syria put money down the drain ...

        Decent people there, of course, found something to answer, but, in my opinion, did not say the main.

        1. Boris Borisych! Who would talk about hospital schools, just not your liberal gang! In 90's, your friends, or rather, accomplices, had the opportunity to show us all how to build roads, orphanages, schools. Where are these buildings ???

        2. Yours, Boris Borisych, accomplice, Anatol Borisych, asks the GDP for 86 lards for some joint nanotanks with India. How much profit comes from the "work" of your Red Fox - we all know. But with this money you can fight in Syria for almost a year and a half! It’s better to spend them on the war right away than to give a ruble to Chubais!


        That’s how I would say to liberogolishcham, mumbled that they spent the money in the wrong place. They, these liberals, as a rule, did nothing to earn this money for the country, but VERY love to distribute it!

        And generally speaking
        I think, ”said Ippolit Matveyevich,“ that bargaining is inappropriate here!
        Under which I sign with my cross ....
    3. vlad66
      vlad66 30 March 2016 18: 12
      +9
      The war is all the same an excellent advertisement and 33 lard should be beaten off and the loading of enterprises and jobs and taxes to the budget, but still add a drop of tar, do not be angry:
      The appearance of the S-400 in Syria dramatically increased the interest in this product from the army of Saudi Arabia,

      Yes, you can sell Triumphs to the Saud right away either in the United States, they will be very pleased either in Jabhat al Nusra in Syria or in some other al-Qaeda, I hope that the top understands this. request
      1. Kostyar
        Kostyar 30 March 2016 18: 37
        +4
        the amount of potential export contracts, according to Deng's calculations, in the coming years may reach $ 6-7 billion.


        Now we will earn $ 6-7 lard, with difficulty over several years, and "our" economists from the Medvedev government in one day for all $ 6-7 lard, will buy American IOUs-treasuries .....?! It pisses me off ..... !!!!
        1. Zoldat_A
          Zoldat_A 30 March 2016 19: 58
          +9
          Quote: Bone
          Now we will earn $ 6-7 lard, with difficulty over several years, and "our" economists from the Medvedev government in one day for all $ 6-7 lard, Buy American Treasury Bills.....?! Already enrages ..... !!!!

          If you divide this money into all the inhabitants of Russia, you get a little less than 50 raccoons per person. In this connection the offer.
          Let's collectively, the whole country, write such a piece of paper to our Government and we will not give money to anyone. We’ll leave them in the budget, spend something worthwhile ...


          Why am I, for example, worse than the Fed? Why can they be trusted, but not me? Their paper is not provided with anything. And my piece of paper is provided with the fact that I live in this country, I fought for it, I built it, I paid taxes to it. Now the children are paying, soon the grandchildren will be. And it is necessary - and they will go to war. We will not go anywhere, we are the best guarantee of any receipt. We are the best gold reserve and capital! And there are almost 150 millions of us!

          You don’t need to throw rags at me, I myself know that they would answer me in our Government if I asked them what is more reliable - a Fed paper or the population of my country ... Because of the power and insulting ...
  2. WAGNER
    WAGNER 30 March 2016 18: 04
    +3
    Money is not the most important thing here ... Everything is in perspective!
    1. poquello
      poquello 30 March 2016 18: 10
      0
      Quote: WAGNER
      Money is not the most important thing here ... Everything is in perspective!

      much is at stake
      1. WAGNER
        WAGNER 30 March 2016 18: 33
        +2
        Quote: poquello
        Quote: WAGNER
        Money is not the most important thing here ... Everything is in perspective!

        much is at stake

        I would say more .... At stake is the existence of Russia, as a state, and most importantly Russian, as a national community and ideology .. (if it is simpler, they want to destroy the Russian spirit in our souls)
  3. Observer2014
    Observer2014 30 March 2016 18: 04
    +4
    I absolutely understand when they begin to count money after a military operation! This is to somehow justify their inaction. Those who watched these actions from the outside.
    1. WAGNER
      WAGNER 30 March 2016 18: 10
      +3
      Quote: Observer2014
      I absolutely understand when after a military operation they start to count money! This is to somehow justify their inaction.

      Everything is expensive of course ... But the Russians have a principle, which we usually follow! If they press, we will fight .. And still ahead!
    2. poquello
      poquello 30 March 2016 18: 12
      +1
      Quote: Observer2014
      I absolutely understand when they begin to count money after a military operation! This is to somehow justify their inaction. Those who watched these actions from the outside.

      so everything was considered, contracts cover expenses, even on short money everything pays off handsomely
  4. pigkiller
    pigkiller 30 March 2016 18: 16
    +1
    The main thing is that new weapons and equipment systems first of all enter the Russian troops in the required quantity. The rest is secondary.
  5. ALABAY45
    ALABAY45 30 March 2016 18: 18
    +1
    Maybe on the weekend I ate pike caviar (sea salt, dry garlic, apple and pear chips) to the point of obscenity, but something my old man's brain tells me that concepts such as "weapons" and "money" are all still rule the world! The main thing is to apply: at the right time, in the right place and under a certain selection of circumstances and presidents, what is Ours, what others ... yes Butter, "dog", is not smeared in any way ... And, caviar does not climb .. Even under 150 grams. Although, for three days of vacation do not walk around and start to work! belay Satiety?! repeat
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 30 March 2016 18: 36
      +1
      Quote: ALABAY45
      Maybe on the weekend I ate pike caviar (sea salt, dry garlic, apple and pear chips) to the point of obscenity, but something my old man's brain tells me that concepts such as "weapons" and "money" are all still rule the world!

      “Everything is mine,” said gold;
      “Everything is mine,” said damask steel.
      “I’ll buy everything,” said gold;
      “I'll take it all,” said damask steel.
  6. ded100
    ded100 30 March 2016 18: 19
    +1
    Russia spent 33 billion rubles on the air military operation in Syria, but it can earn much more. The combat use of Russian weapons in the Middle East has become its best advertisement for buyers: the sum of potential export contracts, according to Deng's calculations, could reach $ 6-7 billion in the coming years.

    With that kind of money, you can do a lot of things to do evil to enemies and the country's defense capabilities!
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 30 March 2016 18: 32
      0
      We have in our portfolio, foreign orders for military equipment, already 56 billion dollars.
  7. Chemicalbrazer
    Chemicalbrazer 30 March 2016 18: 24
    0
    Just 33 lard? For half a year? Yes, it will be known to respected users of the VO site: The EVRAZ company in Novokuznetsk at ZSMK invested 14 lards in the construction of a PUT (dust-coal fuel) installation for a blast furnace. At this time, this monster is dead weight, not working, dismantling is being prepared. In general, just leave it here to compare costs and results.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 30 March 2016 18: 54
      +2
      For comparison, there is another good example:
      The British company BAE Systems on January 25, 2011 began work on the dismantling of the Nimrod MRA4 reconnaissance aircraft, BUILT BY THE ORDER OF THE UK MOD, BUT NOT ACCEPTED FOR ARMATION. Flightglobal reports that aircraft fuselage stripping is carried out at BAE Systems in Cheshire. Earlier, the British media dubbed the Nimrod MRA4 "the most expensive scrap metal in the world" - 3,6 billion pounds ($ 5,7 billion) WAS EXPENDED on aircraft development.

      As part of the Nimrod MRA4 creation program, it was planned to assemble nine aircraft. To date, two such aircraft have been assembled, and the production of three more machines has also begun. The creation of aircraft has been carried out since 1996. ONLY ONE Nimrod MRA4 MAKES A FLIGHT on August 26, 2004; THE OTHER PLANES IN THE FLIGHT TEST PROGRAM DO NOT TAKE PART IN THE SUCCESS. The decision to close the project was made by the UK government and announced on October 20, 2010 in the new National Security Strategy.

      (c) from the comments from bmpd to the post on the acquisition of VBR R-8 aircraft
  8. Sinbad
    Sinbad 30 March 2016 18: 30
    +1
    This is no longer a question of money. Yes, the economy needs to be raised and the military-industrial complex, too. But the most important thing is protection, independence, preservation of Russia itself, as such. The war is on, the war has never stopped; from the Second World War it moved to the "cold" one, from the "cold" to the sabotage and perestroika, now - informational and economic. And Russia has only two, or rather three, allies: the army, aviation and the navy.
  9. raketnik
    raketnik 30 March 2016 18: 36
    +2
    And who will calculate the damage if the Qatar people built a gas pipeline through the remnants of Syria ????? HERE 33 LARDS EVEN IN GREEN HAS BEEN SMALL ......
  10. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov 30 March 2016 18: 50
    +1
    The merchants have only one loot, why don’t touch, even the operation in Syria was transferred to money, once again, they didn’t allocate money for Syria and didn’t think it was necessary, or who thinks if it was necessary to spend 64000000000 would they not carry out? People are pitifully lost, and as for whether or not they will buy our weapons better, it is not so important the main thing is that it should be the best in the world and, first of all, provide for ourselves, we did not sell weapons to anyone in the Great Patriotic War, but only "kneaded" the best army for them peace at that time, and if J.V. Stalin had nuclear weapons, then there would be no division of Germany and Europe, and the Amers and Britons got, in the best case, North Africa, and then for a while
    1. WAGNER
      WAGNER 30 March 2016 19: 02
      +2
      Quote: Dmitry Potapov
      Komersants have one loot on their minds, why not touch, even the operation in Syria

      Already they are selling medals for the war in Syria ... (only 1000 rubles) And after all, someone is buying ... And PMCs in Syria are fighting for big money, etc. (this is in the ear of the Moscow State Department)))) A terrible howl is in the media ... These are the things!
  11. Mercenary
    Mercenary 30 March 2016 19: 20
    +2
    "In Syria, we killed two birds with one stone"
    Zaitsev killed a whole bunch:
    1 They showed the adversary - we have something to answer.
    2 We realized that the hope is only in the Army and Navy (Alexander 1)
    3 Complete victory in geopolitics - all issues of the East are resolved only with Moscow.
    4 Putin didn’t merge Assad (if you live, it will be) and bargaining as in the eastern bazaar is inappropriate.
    5 Finally, we saw Judah - Erdogan! (Hence the conclusions)
    6 The people saw that bright heads were sitting in the General Staff! (no comparisons to pot-bellied corrupt generals of the 90s).
    7 The whole world understood and saw in Russia the best and most powerful ARMY in the world!
    1. APASUS
      APASUS 30 March 2016 20: 50
      0
      Unfortunately, the cons also became apparent:
      1 The West slammed the operation and practically admitted it, the info on scouting intelligence had already gone, the first steps had been taken (in Norway, for example, they would build another locator, anti-Russian hysteria in the media intensified, and information about the start of a new Cold War actually went)
      2 The capabilities of Russian weapons really surprised NATO members, and caused diarrhea in some. The US is deploying an additional division in Europe next year for peace of mind, some particularly impressionable "members"!
      3 An analysis of the military operation led some NATO members to realize that they were really starting to lag. The shouts of the generals would force the US Congress to provide additional funding for military projects.
      4 We really became participants in the arms race, whether we want it or not.
  12. hartlend
    hartlend 30 March 2016 19: 20
    +1
    It was necessary to announce at least some amount, they voiced 33. Everyone took it literally. And also "our people love" not only "alloy wheels for Zhiguli", but also count the unearned money in someone else's pocket.
  13. WAGNER
    WAGNER 30 March 2016 19: 30
    +1
    They were planning to restore Palmyra ... Russia is incorrigible! This may be our strength, for which they hate us ... We do not know how to count money!
  14. onix757
    onix757 30 March 2016 19: 53
    +1
    Russia spent 33 billion rubles on a military operation in Syria, but it can earn much more on it.

    Apparently it will be with income from the export of hydrocarbons. Currencies seem to be a lot, but not all and not those. VPK live on starvation rations, and super-profits are cut by individuals. This is not a cheap theater of one actor with a group of "factory workers" with an army bearing.
    Meanwhile, those accused of embezzlement at the Vostochny cosmodrome released bail of 7 million rubles.
  15. Gorodovik
    Gorodovik 31 March 2016 00: 46
    0
    Well. Honestly, almost all of these contracts were concluded or planned before Syria. Therefore, to say that the war was bought stupid. Yes, probably played a positive role. But no more than that. So far I do not see a single contract that really was concluded due to the fact that the technique showed itself well in Syria. Yet. They are kicking me, but as for me, consumer goods are more important. And it turns out so that we produce only what’s supposed to kill people
  16. cedar
    cedar 31 March 2016 05: 57
    +1
    Quote: Cityman
    Well. Honestly, almost all of these contracts were concluded or planned before Syria. Therefore, to say that the war was bought stupid. Yes, probably played a positive role. But no more than that. So far I do not see a single contract that really was concluded due to the fact that the technique showed itself well in Syria. Yet. They are kicking me but as for me, consumer goods are more important. And it turns out so that we produce only what’s supposed to kill people


    In order for us to produce high-quality consumer goods, it is necessary to change "our" COLONIAL, in fact, the economy to a sovereign one based on the sovereign ruble, which is not such today because it is issued by the Central Bank, controlled by the US Federal Reserve System and which is tightly tied to the inflated dollar !
    What do you see there in the Syrian events, I do not know, but I see a rather successful attempt, if not to get rid of Russia's colonial dependence on the West, then at least seriously weaken it, no money is spared for it. Who understands will agree.
    What is being done to kill people does not always kill people, more often than nonhumans. And the fact that the Earth has not known the world war for 70 years, says that the fear of retaliation, which demonstrates our weapons, well cools the hot heads of the Trap! We must say many thanks to our gunsmiths: scientists, engineers, workers and ... the team of the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Russia Vladimir Putin. Keep it up !
  17. romandostalo
    romandostalo April 2 2016 01: 55
    0
    This is primarily the acquisition of experience in real combat conditions! Everything else is secondary!