Military Review

Flight work depends not only on the quality of weapons and pilot skills

33
Flight work depends not only on the quality of weapons and pilot skills



Analyzing the results of scientific research in the field of education and training of flight crews, the causes of accidents and violations of flight laws, as well as studying the causes of loss of flight motivation, it must be stated that the psychological cause of these negative phenomena is often weak professionalism. This refers not to the actual facts of mistakes in management, but to higher levels: the spiritual poverty of the student’s personality, the stereotyped pedagogical forms of preparation, the underdeveloped moral and moral principles of behavior when planning the risk level for subordinates.

SPECIFIC FEATURES OF HAZARDOUS PROFESSION

Professionalism in aviation - This is a guarantee of flight safety; it, like everything in aviation, has its own specific features. This is the basic fundamental property of an aviator as a person and the basis of not only flying longevity, but also life.

In each profession there are three categories of its development - employees, specialists and professionals.

Professionalism is the highest category of quality that cannot be revealed only by the service marks of a profession. Why? If we understand professional as a professional who has reached the pinnacle of excellence, then its quality will be determined primarily by executive performance in accordance with the standardized task and only secondarily by the activity of the subject of labor.

A professional specialist is a person who has achieved a high level of skill, allowing him to complete a task with the required quality, to reliably and effectively achieve a stable result. The basis for the training of such a specialist is based on the knowledge, skills and abilities in accordance with the profession of his actions. The mechanism for achieving high results are training according to a given program. Thus, if the introduced concept of "professionalism" is reduced to the concept of "specialist", then the leading (system-forming) quality is predestination, that is, normalization, of actions. Pedagogical support of the mechanism of training will then be diligence, and the methodological content of training will be stereotype, pattern, training. The practice of many professions has shown that following this setup provides an opportunity to prepare a specialist of a sufficiently high level.

However, for the formation of professionalism, ensuring guaranteed success and safety of life and work in dangerous professions, this approach is only conditional. The fact is that the psychological addition to the professionally important qualities of a specialist in a dangerous profession is the realization that professional knowledge, skills, and abilities are not the central link of the personality, but only a means of developing their capabilities and essential forces. That is why for dangerous professions professionalism is a system of personal, ideological, business, professional, moral and moral qualities of a person. The core of the moral imperative here is the morality of asceticism, for which self-preservation is not in the foreground.

A dangerous profession requires from a person, firstly, constant socio-psychological readiness to work in extreme conditions, secondly, the presence of pronounced innate psycho-physiological inclinations, thirdly, an extremely plastic nervous system that allows you to permanently form flexible neuropsychiatric connections, new functional properties , providing processes such as imaging, intuition and anticipation. In the dangerous profession there is a constantly acting factor - the process of actualization of those deep reserves of the soul and body that measured life on earth practically does not claim. In other words, we are talking only about the acquisition of a certain redundancy of degrees of freedom - both in space and in time. The principal feature of the dangerous profession is that a person in front of danger cannot cover the face of a “biological chador”. He must not only be able to avoid danger, but also overcome it, if it is inevitable, not adapt, but transform the situation (task) into a state of controllability, that is, transfer his life activity to another space.

Professionalism is confirmed by the human need for a voluntary, free choice of one’s destiny: to overcome oneself, to take risks in the interests of others. Developed conscience, discipline and self-discipline, vitality and will - these are the first moral steps in the pilot’s personality (especially military) to the heights of moral value: to protect someone else’s life. Thus, the personality of a professional matures within himself, and only then her sensible and sensual content acquires socially significant and professional motivation. It follows from this that the main component of professionalism is in human genes. For a professional pilot, in my understanding, “spiritual space” is not a metaphor, but the social reality of his relationship with his conscience. This is the system property that distinguishes a professional from a specialist.

RISK IS NOT A BREAKDOWN

The psychological content of the flyer's inner world is that it is shaped by the love of flight, the need for spiritual freedom. Such spiritual freedom is opposed to spiritual deafness. The concept of "professionalism" is multidimensional, multi-layered. This is a measure of maturity, consciousness, integrity of nature, the message of good. Maturity begins with the formation of the pilot's personality, the essence of which is in the central interest, the vital attitude - to fly. Profession - fate!

Professionalism as a state of mind creates a desire to expand its capabilities. And what does this mean in a dangerous profession? This achievement of mastery by expanding the boundaries of risk, that is, increasing the likelihood of encountering a situation that requires going beyond its psycho-physiological capabilities. In this case, the danger itself forms the character of a person in conditions of increased risk, being a feature of his maturity and reliability.

Risk is not frivolity, but will, which sets before the mind the task of getting out of a dangerous non-standard situation. The motivation for self-improvement with the risk to your life in this case is moral, because the master professional sees his ultimate goal in ensuring the safety of other people’s life.

Even at the very beginning of the development of a specialist, cognitive interest in the unknown nourishes professionalism. Cognitive interest in non-standard, unusual easily suppresses the feeling of fear, develops the ability to stay ahead of events, forms a vital setting not only for execution, but also for a creative decision. This is the essence of psychological protection from the constant stressful impact of flight work, this is the source of professional and human reliability of the pilot.

The right to conscious risk is one of the ethical components of flight professionalism. In the flight profession, the risk is not only the actions themselves, but also the condition for improving their skills. Risk is also a tool for overcoming natural human weakness in the face of danger. The risk in this case is a psychological, conscious in its psychological essence, protective action in suppressing subconscious fear and unpleasant sensations. The risk in a dangerous profession acts as a test for the professional maturity of a professional. In the risk of a professional, there is much more intelligence and determination than of sacrifice; in risk there is a supra-individual risk: to become a “non-terrestrial” being for a time. And this is the cosmogonic essence of flight professionalism.

FLIGHT LONGEVITY

The state of mind - the lifting power of professional reliability. It is achieved primarily through self-improvement, self-regulation and self-development.

Actually, spiritual independence forms another quality of flight professionalism - psycho-physiological readiness for vital activity in an unusual environment. To ensure professionalism, special functional organs are needed, mechanisms that ensure flexible adaptability of the organism to the change of the sign of gravity, to a new assessment of space and time, to an instant restoration of the distorted perception of its spatial position, the ability of the psyche to work in conditions of interference, close to the useful signal, in terms of decision equally motivated tasks.

In other words, a person must not only learn a profession, but also constantly retrain. The nervous system, analyzers, metabolic processes bring to a new specific level of functioning that exceeds earth standards. This means that in order to achieve a high level of professionalism, it is necessary to have professional health, that is, the ability to maintain performance under the conditions of exposure to both normal stimuli and those that are not encountered in the practice of mortal life. At the same time, we note that 12 – 18% of flight crews flying in clouds experience an unbearably obsessive illusion of an “inverted flight”, more than 40% are familiar with the phenomenon of the perception of stars as aeronautical lights of a flying aircraft, no less than 25% experience the illusion of stopping the flow of time, “freezing” "Space," swelling "horizon, etc. Or, say, the ability not to lose consciousness while performing aerobatics, when, with an increase in gravity, the blood moves to the lower part of the body and the person rises systolic pressure to 250 mm Hg. Art. In flight on a maneuverable plane, a person physically sees the earth from above, and the sky below and at the same time, being in a firm mind, feels that his pelvis is at the usual place. And all this falls on his poor consciousness, which should translate this quasimir, as a translator, into the true world.

And one more feature of the professionalism of the flight profession: the preservation of flight longevity. A specific feature of the flight profession is the constant retraining of new aircraft in the conditions when it is necessary to form at least 30 – 40% skills for working with consoles and advanced systems.

The new technology makes its own demands on the person, the most important of which is to implement the ideas laid by the designers in the aircraft. It is here that the highest quality of a professional, creative potency, dynamic characteristics of the psyche, different strength, controlled natural talent manifest themselves.

Thus, the core of professionalism is the individual, and its leading professionally important quality is the intellect. But the generating support of flight professionalism is still the spirituality of a person as a living connection between time and space: where we were, where we are now and where we will be.

MORAL CONTENT

Consider not the substantive content of professionalism, but moral.

The pilot profession is dangerous and risky, and only secondarily romantic. It requires from man in addition to the fact that nature has given him, constant improvement of her psyche, her body, her spirit and will. The education of flight professionalism begins with the formation of the student’s personality. However, in aviation schools, the psychology of educating the personality of a future pilot remains on the periphery of teachers' attention. But from the position of the psychology of professionalism, the assimilation of applied subjects should precede or go in parallel with it the formation of a central interest, a life orientation on the flight profession. Even at the initial pilot training stage, the pedagogical support of the process of acquiring professionalism lies in the spiritual foundation of the moral imperative in the form of a life alternative.

What or who is up against a dangerous factor in flight? Most say: "The crew that executes the rules, instructions." But the psychological essence of this truth is that, first, the crew, outside of any “must”, subjectively assesses the inconsistency of the flight regime with the limits of the accepted norm. This means that the danger itself, its depth and magnitude depend on the sensual and volitional principle laid down in the pilot, on its moral core. By this I affirm that anyone, both rationed and non-rationalized, threatens with no living machine filled with instructions, but the inner world of the pilot and the ethical standards of the aviation community, that is, the proportions of good and evil, which constitute the moral climate.

Above it was said enough that not only flight abilities, but also professionalism (any) begins with a person. The personality, in turn, develops when it begins to think in moral categories of good and evil. These scientifically based assumptions, facts, observations of life should be deeply absorbed. It is the awareness of the above that will help to assimilate another, no less important, statement that the principle of responsibility, which obliges the pilot strictly and strictly to follow the rules, reliably works only when the pilot’s individuality is given a spiritual vector of responsibility. Behind these common assumptions are solid experimental data concerning the training and development of the pilot’s personality.

In the context of the commercialization of social relations, if the targets are achieved, the pilot’s personality can be preserved only if the spiritual flying climate is maintained. Only then will a more or less harmonious transformation of the goal of commerce into a socially useful activity become possible. The experience of scientists of the Scientific Research Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine for studying the formation of professionally important qualities in pilots has shown that it is the educational orientation to virtuous activity that allows for the most profound discovery of creative abilities in their individual refraction. At the same time, the sober assessment of today's life makes us admit that the market economy has raised the role of a person’s independence factor and his creative activity. It is competition that pushes self-actualization, self-assertion of the individual.

A professional, as has already been said, begins with spiritual abilities - with assessing, self-assessing and predicting one's own capabilities, ethical, that is, moral, approach to choosing alternatives to risky decisions. Famous researcher in the field of abilities academician Vladimir Shadrikov came to the conclusion that without the ability of the spirit it is difficult to manifest other abilities! Each creative principle contains spiritual, and not vice versa. My personal experience with outstanding test test pilots on the ground and in flight confirms these thoughts. Professionals, by the grace of God “condemned” to heaven, are characterized by vitality, the passion of creativity, conscientiousness and the freedom to make decisions while protecting someone else’s life. An indicator of the culture of a professional is the desire to enrich with knowledge, his social maturity - “freedom as a recognized need”.

But most importantly, whatever the flight abilities and natural inclinations, a pilot without a corresponding spiritual culture cannot become a professional in the broad sense of the word. In the entire aviation infrastructure, among the many components of professionalism, culture is the Achilles' heel. The commercialization of flight work has particularly aggravated lack of culture, manifested primarily in the neglect of knowledge about a person, his personality, his physiological norms and psychophysical abilities. But everybody is trying to teach a pilot, to some degree or other they are controlled by using mainly administrative tools.

How to grow cultural pilots?

One of the options. In the licensing system to introduce a minimum of aviation medicine and psychology. It is extremely necessary to create a “departmental” institute for the psychophysical training of flight crews in order to increase knowledge about oneself. Scientists today can offer flight personnel the latest technology for assessing their professionally important qualities, professional health assessment, as well as technical tools for building spatial orientation, decision making under time pressure and uncertain information, computer diagnostics of the level of psychophysical reserves, a system of psychophysical training, restoring nutrition. , methods of psychological preparation and self-management, etc. Today we need a request for all this. Airline executives must learn - a healthy, cultured professional pilot on an unreliable technique will fly to the airfield; unhealthy, uncultured pilot and reliable technology can not fly.
Author:
Originator:
http://nvo.ng.ru/concepts/2016-03-25/1_trud.html
33 comments
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  1. AID.S
    AID.S 26 March 2016 12: 04
    +3
    What the hell?
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 26 March 2016 12: 08
      +10
      Quote: AID.S
      What the hell?

      We called it "VPiP". Military psychology and pedagogy. An industry that has received very little attention since the Gorbachev Soviet era.

      Not everything can be bought for money.
      1. family tree
        family tree 26 March 2016 12: 24
        +1
        Quote: Spade
        An industry that has received very little attention since the days of the Gorbachev USSR.

        And in the USSR, all this began almost from kindergarten. And then all this, the flyers in the hostel, there is no kerosene, and in the regiment, God forbid, one flying squadron, the first. Well, we seem to have survived, only those who "hit their head on the wing", as it became much less.
        1. Baikonur
          Baikonur 26 March 2016 12: 34
          +4
          From the last paragraph I concluded:
          Really necessary creation "Departmental" institute psychophysical training of flight personnel to increase self-knowledge
          And then
          an unhealthy, uncultured pilot and with reliable equipment may not fly.
          In other simple words: now there are pilots - monkeys with grenades, who can control themselves and their own, and they need to be humanized and professionalized! (Not sarcasm!)
          It is no secret that, compared with the times of the USSR, the level of work culture, respectively professionalism (to do for the sake of business, and not for the sake of money) for many is at the level of the abdomen and lower, and not at the level of the hands and head!
          And THIS is not only about pilots!
          And this does not even eradicate since childhood!
          Because since childhood, they have seen on TV, TERNET and do not want to work with their hands and heads, but with all sorts of grace there MUCH MUCH more in SHOW + BUSINESS to receive (not to earn), known to be and CUIF like in TV!
          Today, not a CULT OF LABOR, but a CULT OF REST! AND DO NOT DO ANYTHING (BUSINESS).
          I mean speculation, not production (LABOR).
        2. Lopatov
          Lopatov 26 March 2016 12: 35
          +1
          Yes, where does kerosene and pilots?

          The problem is actually much broader than just training for aviators. A person cannot be made a professional, he can only become one himself. And here motivation comes to the fore.
          And if "in civilian life" is often enough only one "money carrot", then in the military sphere this is clearly not enough
      2. tol100v
        tol100v 26 March 2016 12: 37
        +1
        Quote: Spade
        We called it "VPiP"

        More like an OPR at a meeting with the deputy politician!
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 26 March 2016 12: 48
          +1
          Oh ... I wrote about this. Military psychology and pedagogy in the pen. So much so that many believe that this is a field of activity for political leaders and other educators.
      3. PKK
        PKK 26 March 2016 12: 37
        0
        There may be a decrease in motivation for many reasons. The same helminths, for example, cat-like, etc., mushrooms, candida, pillory are the same. Cleaning is a long process. In the meantime, you need energy education on the basis of Qigong and Deir. You pump up energy and throws you forward and takes you forward. This way not just necessary, but also the only one.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 26 March 2016 12: 54
          +3
          Are you a supporter of the thesis "money is everything"?

          "You will learn to do a hundred push-ups, and we will raise your allowance for 1000 rubles." Also an option.

          And how much to raise the den. Allowance for a company-tanker under fire to drive his car to the tank of his company with the "flies" of the goose removed, got out, hooked the car with a cable and pulled it out from under fire, essentially saving the lives of his subordinates?

          For +10.000 rubles a month will do?
    2. Observer2014
      Observer2014 26 March 2016 12: 10
      +2
      Quote: "A professional, as already mentioned, begins with spiritual abilities - with an assessment, self-assessment and forecast of their capabilities, an ethical, that is, moral, approach to choosing alternatives to risky decisions."
      In general, there are very literate people. But their idea is not something that they can not pronounce but also print. In general, everything is clear, but nothing is not clear.
      1. Vladimir16
        Vladimir16 26 March 2016 12: 14
        +2
        A professional, as already mentioned, begins with spiritual abilities ...

        Kramorov somehow clearer explained:
        - It all depends on your abilities. Here I have one friend, also a scientist, he has 3 education classes, and he will draw the top ten in half an hour, you can’t tell

        But most importantly, whatever the flying abilities and natural inclinations, a pilot without the appropriate spiritual culture cannot become a professional in the broad sense of the word


        If the culture is "spiritual", then the ability is from God, and not from "natural inclinations".
        What do you think, author?

        That's why people say about professionals - a pilot from God!
    3. askort154
      askort154 26 March 2016 13: 25
      +3
      AID.S .... What the hell?

      A person needs a number of publications to defend a degree in flight medical psychology. So he used the popular site. In Soviet
      times, they regularly (graduate students) visited the flight schools to collect material, conducted various tests, and then issued similar opuses
      to defend a dissertation. Rarely, but something has been recognized and even put into practice. In short, science!
      1. ancient
        ancient 26 March 2016 15: 47
        +1
        Quote: askort154
        A person needs a number of publications to defend a degree in flight medical psychology. So he used the popular site.


        You can’t say more precisely! soldier
    4. iouris
      iouris 26 March 2016 14: 29
      +1
      Vladimir Aleksandrovich Ponomarenko (1933) - Soviet and Russian scientist in the field of aerospace medicine and psychology. Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor. Major General of the medical service.
  2. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 26 March 2016 12: 08
    +2
    A strange article ... some DO NOT ... I won’t even argue ... pilot training is the foundation of the foundation ... comprehensive training ... in all directions ... Assessment of the psycho-physical state is very important (as one of the components) ... and in general everything is important ... how a person is preparing for departure ... how he lives ... how he rests from stress ... A pilot ... this is also a lifestyle.
  3. Dimon19661
    Dimon19661 26 March 2016 12: 11
    +3
    Yes, it’s a normal article, not all the same reasoning of sofa experts to read about weapons of which they did not see in their eyes.
  4. Ros 56
    Ros 56 26 March 2016 12: 11
    0
    And what is the point of discussing it here, it is necessary to suck it in parliament and in the government with the involvement of all interested parties.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 26 March 2016 12: 21
      +3
      Quote: Ros 56
      it is necessary in the parliament and in the government with the involvement of all interested parties to suck.

      But this is not necessary ... Professionals should be involved in the training of professionals. And not balabol.

      Well, here's what, for example, prominent "experts" from the Duma and the Government are able to say about the almost complete lack of motivation for young officers to improve themselves and educate themselves? 99% of them slip into the state of "I did not know, and even forgot" and "beer corn" without periodic kicks from the fathers-commanders
  5. ALABAY45
    ALABAY45 26 March 2016 12: 15
    +1
    "How can we raise cultural pilots?"
    That is, until now they were uncivilized, but now the "theme" is ripe ?! Either, some kind of nonsense, or, yesterday I went through the "nutcracker" in the bath ...! This is not about those uncivilized pilots who "put the liver" to NATO pilots, under the whine of the intake: Sweden and Great Britain ...?! winkOh, what "uncivilized" pilots in Syria ... belay
  6. V.ic
    V.ic 26 March 2016 12: 24
    0
    "Everything in a person should be beautiful: face, clothes, soul, and thoughts" (c) A.P. Chekhov. Here is the author of the article and says that in addition to flying skills, there should also be a spiritual component in the formation of a pilot.
    1. ALABAY45
      ALABAY45 26 March 2016 12: 38
      0
      "... A.P. Chekhov ..."
      The darkest writer in Russia, they say ... hiThe eulogy of liberalism in the Russian Empire! True, the winery was not bad ... In the Crimea ..!
  7. pts-m
    pts-m 26 March 2016 12: 27
    0
    After reading the article, I would no longer want to become a pilot. A good selection criterion for the profession. Most importantly, timely for today's youth. No. I’m better on horse-drawn transport than anyone. laughing
  8. cedar
    cedar 26 March 2016 12: 35
    +4
    The Army and Navy must and are obliged, due to the specifics of their military labor, to give society not only the examples of heroism that we have, but also role models in the culture of human communication, as previously said, an example of a man with a capital letter. With this, we now have a real hunger!
    The article convincingly and eloquently shows that Russia can and should draw its elite from its Armed forces and FIRST from aviation and astronautics! Let it be so !
    1. your1970
      your1970 26 March 2016 17: 55
      0
      “Russia’s own elite” - and here an old question arises: what is considered an elite? Where can we get samples?
      If you consider the elite classic:
      "Elite (from Latin eligo, English French élite - the chosen one, the best) - in sociology and political science - the totality of people in senior positions in government and the economy... The elite is a stable community with deep connections of its members, who have common interests and access to the levers of real power. "- the army cannot provide competent economists and civil managers.
      But if you consider the elite to be just a bunch of the best people that you can equal youth with, then everything is much more complicated. Will the youth like this elite, will they want to be like her? Everything will be very debatable ...
  9. Aleksey_K
    Aleksey_K 26 March 2016 13: 01
    +1
    The author, on the basis of seemingly correct theses, described how pilots loyal to the Motherland should be brought up. But, at the end of the article, he suddenly issued: "The commercialization of flight labor has especially exacerbated the lack of culture, which manifests itself primarily in the neglect of knowledge about a person, about his personality, about his physiological norms and psychophysical capabilities. But everyone is trying to teach a pilot, to one degree or another. manage it using mostly administrative tools. "
    What commercialization of the flight work of military pilots does the author talk about? What kind of nonsense is the author of the article? If only I could give an example of this commercialization.
    Well, and about the fact that "everyone is trying to teach the pilot, to one degree or another they control him, using mainly administrative tools." And again, the author does not provide examples confirming this fact. What does this mean? Or does the author want to say that pilots should be uncontrollable? Again, some kind of nonsense.
    But the author boldly wants to create another “departmental” institute of psychophysical training of flight personnel to increase knowledge about himself. Apparently he wants to lead him, as the initiator. He does not have enough existing academies, apparently he is not allowed to go there close.
    And the last thing. Do our military pilots serve in airlines, as the author writes at the very end of the article? They serve in the Russian Ministry of Defense. Someone will object to me that they say we are talking about civilian pilots - look at the title of the article: "Flight work depends not only on the quality of weapons and pilot skills." There are no weapons on civilian aircraft. And the photo is not at all a civilian pilot. The article is a minus.
  10. atamankko
    atamankko 26 March 2016 13: 52
    +1
    Psychological training should be
    otherwise it will turn out: "... likes to fly, but is afraid."
  11. Pete mitchell
    Pete mitchell 26 March 2016 14: 27
    +8
    I think that the author of the article tried to convey to us that it is necessary to develop what the bourgeoisie calls Crew Resource Management. The theory of how to follow the rules and survive by the crew / group in a difficult situation. In principle, a useful thought, especially civilian, which incidentally was converted into Company Resource Management, but the aviation component was the first.
    If you look into history, General Andreev, the commander of air defense fighter aircraft, was keen on this, he really wanted to reduce the accident rate at the dawn of the 90s. Honestly, I don’t know how it turned out, I was "asked".
    The article is chaotic, but the idea is worth comprehension.
  12. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 26 March 2016 14: 48
    +1
    Asses in any case are people who have a vocation for what they are doing.
    Calling does not lie on the road, it is impossible to find it at will.
    It is given from above.
    Every person has a vocation for something. But often we ignore him and do not do our own thing in life. And we suffer failures along this path, poisoning the life of ourselves and the people around us.
    This is especially manifested in the composition of people in command in life.
    From any stage of life, a person can do what he loves, if he knows.
    Good luck to everyone in finding such a thing ...
  13. Concealer
    Concealer 26 March 2016 22: 17
    +1
    I immediately remembered:
    Need a national idea? Or maybe in reality, you don’t need to invent anything, it directly follows from the historical heritage. And it will become clearly visible if one is historically consistent and does not renounce one’s past.

    The idea is simple: Freedom is possible only in unity.

    To achieve the freedom of man and society, we must unite. Freedom is, first of all, a conscious choice of association in order to achieve personal independence. True freedom begins where there is economic independence and informed choice.

    What is needed to achieve economic independence and informed free choice? What is needed is elementary — means of production and information for development.

    How to get it?
    1) Free access to means of production for all members of society.
    2) Free distribution of scientific and technical information and public control of its application.

    How to organize this? And here we need a state that provides free access to the means of production and forms a unified information system of society. It also provides a safe application of scientific and technological knowledge of society.
    And it is precisely here that we need a titular nation with the national idea of ​​“public service” providing fair access, freedom of dissemination of knowledge and security for the whole society. It requires an “innate sense of justice” and a willingness to fight “for the truth”. Well, no one has canceled military service.
    We need people ready to give up their rights "like everyone else", for the sake of freedom and the unification of others. But they need an idea for which they are willing to spend their lives to serve society. Society should become more important to them than they themselves, and for this there have long been definitions of "Duty and Honor" in Russia.

    And then you need to ask yourself what is most important for society as a whole? What is so important for society that it is ready to sacrifice its part? What is the highest value? The answer lies on the surface - the development of social consciousness. For a rational society, it is the development of social consciousness that is the goal and the highest good. And this is precisely the main value in the national idea of ​​a “titular nation”.

    Everything follows directly from the history of the Russian Empire and the heritage of the USSR.
  14. CB activist
    CB activist 27 March 2016 00: 48
    0
    Once again, Mr. Ponomarenko appeared with his hypocritical writings. V. Ponomarenko, by occupation, had every opportunity to become an athlete-parachutist and / or an athlete-pilot, i.e. really taste the flight business. But he preferred to talk about a "flying man" without being such, it's comfortable. But what then is this reasoning worth? Aleksey_K is right, apparently V. Ponomarenko really wants to create and head another "research" institute, in which people "who have not sniffed gunpowder" of flight business will talk about how this gunpowder (flight business) smells.
  15. jaroff
    jaroff 27 March 2016 18: 44
    0
    And now we will try to apply all this to the more dangerous, as life shows, the profession of a miner. If we discard the "romance of the sky", and more mundane, even deeper, they do not always go down into the mine for romance, or rather not for romance at all, but for a piece bread, the conclusions of the author, in general, are applicable in other professions.
    1. CB activist
      CB activist 27 March 2016 19: 50
      0
      I know for sure that if "a piece of bread" becomes the main incentive in flight, the flight business will completely degrade. I urge you once again - try to fly yourself, then reason.
  16. vv3
    vv3 27 March 2016 18: 52
    0
    An attempt to touch upon an important topic failed. Opinions also lack rational grain for discussion. I belong to ITS in aviation, but I would venture to state my view on the problem of training combat pilots in SA I happened to serve in a combat regiment, which regularly performed the task of training, and More precisely, the formation of pilots. At the same time, the regiment was considered a combat regiment, although purely conditionally. The third squadron received young pilots after graduating from the school. At the school at the last stage, they did not master our aircraft, which is a blatant disgrace number 1. In the third squadron, all the commanders up to the flight commander, were ordinary pilots, not instructor pilots. They were tasked with retraining pilots for our type of aircraft in 1 calendar year and providing them with training to the level of a pilot of the 3rd class. At least the bulk of about 20 people. A training program was drawn up, which was approved not even by divisional, but by army units. studied the plane and passed the tests, including the ITS on the knowledge of the plane. Sometimes they were sent to a division or army for more "quality training." It was just wasted time. At the same time, those responsible for retraining were appointed ... Although the regiment commanders were responsible for everything and squadrons. This is an outrage number 2. Not even in quality, but because all these people were distracted from their immediate duties. Then they began to fly under the guidance of ordinary pilots, fly independently, master exercises, etc., within a year, until delivery for 3rd grade. In 3rd ae there were 4 doubles. In 2 ae, young pilots were already taught for the 2nd grade. And this was also done by ordinary pilots, and not by pilot-instructors on their combat aircraft, Here is localism in the worst sense of the word. Lucky a young pilot with a teacher from an ordinary pilot and he will become an assistant, unlucky mediocrity, eternal number two, driven and burner of kerosene. Which are more? ... There were a lot of decent, honest officers in the SA, cool pilots who taught young pilots, spent their time and energy on this necessary business. But, this is not a system, this is a good accident. These issues should be resolved by specialized centers, with pilot-instructors, with a special base, airplanes, training grounds ... And this is a complete disgrace number 3. The most interesting thing is that the class, formally, is increasing according to this scheme. Interested army pilots-instructors are taking the exam ... And in Lae there are masters of combat use. I wonder where they come from? They plow and work for the entire combat regiment. And the combat regiment exists, is cleaned. And young pilots study in it, are in the staffing table. How many such regiments were there? Count the number of schools and the number of graduates ... In this sense, the "do as I do" method is vicious and harmful .... What about now?
  17. NordUral
    NordUral 27 March 2016 21: 47
    0
    All this is tied to social motivation.