Military Review

Could the governors save Nicholas II in 1917?

41



As the centenary of the revolution approaches, the attention of scientists is increasingly turning to events of a century ago in an attempt to comprehend their essence and causes, their connection with the present day, to learn the lessons stories. One of the most pressing issues related to the comprehension of the experience of the revolution is the question of the degree of loyalty of the old government of the province in general and the "masters of the provinces" in particular. Could Emperor Nicholas II consider the governor's corps as a support for preserving their own power?

Wartime governors

The First World War had a significant impact on the system of local government. It was necessary to organize the work of industrial and handicraft enterprises, to deal with the shortage, speculation and price increases, to provide treatment for the wounded and the organization of refugees. Based on the Provision of emergency protection, introduced after the announcement of mobilization, the governors were granted the rights of commanders. They could issue binding decrees regulating both the economic and social spheres of provincial life and having the force of law on their territory. The main task of the governors was to maintain social peace and leveling the negative impact of military circumstances on the lives of ordinary people, which was carried out by the governor and his subordinate police apparatus together with local government. The governors had experience of cooperation with the heads of the garrisons on the use of troops to maintain public order. The actions of the governors, dictated by the urgency of the moment, not being united by national policy, gave rise to regionalization and increased the influence of the personality of the governor on the life of the province entrusted to him.

During the war years, the frequency of rotation of the governor’s corps increased, the average tenure of the governor’s post was reduced. For 1916 alone, 43 new 1 appointments took place. The active movement of the governors, their small connection with the provinces destabilized the situation, although the social homogeneity of the governor's corps, its inclusion in the composition of the elite of the empire guaranteed stability in the conditions of the crisis of the central government.

Peripetias of personnel policy

These tendencies were clearly embodied in the example of Oryol Province and its last "owner". The beginning of the war was met by full state councilor S.S. Andreevsky, who by that time had been in office for eight years. During this period, he managed to establish close contacts with the local elite. In December, the 1915 of St. Andrew’s was appointed senator and departed for Petersburg2. The province was headed by A.V. Arapov, before serving as a Simbirsk governor. Compared with his predecessor, Arapov made wider use of administrative measures to restore order in the market, adhered to a more rigid management style, and repeatedly appealed to the public with appeals. At the end of 1916, Mr. Arapov was transferred to the post of Vologda Governor XXUMX. The provincial meeting of the nobility filed a request to leave it in the countyNNUMX, but the efforts were in vain.

The last governor of the Oryol province was strikingly different from its predecessors. They became 33-year-old Count Peter Vasilievich Gendrikov. He was distinguished not only by his remarkably young age for high positions (in the 26 years of age, Gendrikov became the Kursk vice-governor), but also his belonging to the highest aristocracy. The Gendrikov family descended from the sister of Empress Catherine I. Peter Gendrikova’s father was the master of ceremonies of the court of 5 and a figure visible in high society. In Alexei Tolstoy's novella The Adventures of Nevzorov, or Ibicus, the Petersburg tradesman of Nevzorov, dreaming of a vibrant life, imagines himself ... Gendrikov's bastard son, that is, as it were, the half brother of our story hero 6. After the death in 1912 of Mr. Gendrikov Sr., Peter Gendrikova’s sister Anastasia was approached to the court, who became the Empress-maid of honor.

Gendrikov Jr. began a typical military career in his circle. After graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps, he was enrolled in the 18th naval the crew, but was seconded at the same time to Her Majesty’s Cavalier Guard regiment, and in 1904 it finally established itself on land, transferring to cavalry guard. In 1909, Gendrikov was credited to the reserve with the rank of lieutenant guard7. The fact that he left the fleet, did not take part in hostilities and early resigned, may indicate poor health.

So, in 1909, P.V. Gendrikov began a civil career, being immediately appointed to serve as the Kursk vice-governor under the governor M.E. Gilchene (1908-1912's). As a rule, the starting step for the civil service became the office of the Zemstvo chief or participation in the estate nobility of the estates. Hendrikov had no such experience, although at the same time with his appointment to the vice-governor’s post, he was elected the district leader of the nobility as a Kharkov landowner. Upon his appointment as vice-governor, Gendrikov received the rank of collegiate assessor (VIII class of the Table of Ranks). Note that in the XIX - early XX century. the position of vice-governor usually corresponded to the V class of ranks, and the governor - IV class 8. However, the formal inconsistency of the rank of the position did not prevent the beginning of Gendrikov’s civil career. At the same time with the rank of collegiate assessor Gendrikov, the court rank of junker chamber (class V) was also received. Only in 1913, the city of Gendrikov was promoted to court councilors (VII class) and approved in the vice-governor's post already under the governor N.I. Muratov (1912-1915's).


House of Governors in Orel. Photo: Motherland

Six and a half years P.V. Gendrikov served as Kursk vice-governor, repeatedly performing gubernatorial duties (in 1915 of the city - as many as 33 weeks) 9. Only for 1915 in Kursk, four governors changed. Muratov, who served for nearly three years, has consistently been replaced by: A.A. Katenin (February 23 - April 30), C.D. Nabokov (May 26 - August 17), N.L. Obolensky (September 15 - December 7). Closed the list of A.K. von Baggovut10. Most likely, during the shift of the first persons of the province, their duties were also performed by the vice-governor.

In May, 1916 Mr. Gendrikov managed to get the position of the Governor of Courland, but by that time the Province of Courland was occupied by the Germans for almost a year. Therefore, Gendrikov was transferred to a similar position in the Oryol province. This was preceded by his two-month stay in Petrograd, 11, which was obviously busy with promising appointments. It is curious that the last "acting" governor of Courland was SD. Nabokov, transferred after the retreat of the Russian army to the post of Kursk governor. Recall that Gendrikov performed with him the duties of vice-governor.

It is possible that the post of governor occupied in 33 of the year was considered by Gendrikov as an intermediate step on the way to the highest circles. The hasty relocation of the previous governor, Arapov, the apparent “release” of the post under the new applicant, testified that by the end of 1916, Oryol Province was perceived as calm. However, the long-awaited gubernatorial post turned out to be not a gift of fate for Gendrikov, but a responsible post. He was to remain the governor for about two months, without being officially approved, and to meet in his post the February revolution.


Emperor Nicholas II in Livadia. Photo: RIA News

February Revolution in Oryol Province

The last February days of 1917. Oryol lived in tense waiting for news from the capital. Rumors of riots in Petrograd reached the residents. February 25 stopped the issue of metropolitan newspapers, and then for two days the connection with the capital was lost. February 28 and March March 1 was silent Petrograd Telegraph Agency - the news provider for the Oryol press12. Many orlovchane rushed to the station, eagerly asking about the metropolitan news visitors and projazhihNUMX. The provincial government also found itself in an information vacuum.

By the end of the day on February 28, Progress MP A.A., appointed by the Duma Committee Commissioner of the Ministry of Railways. Bublikov ordered to send telegrams to the entire railway network, from which the country learned of what had happened. The telegraph communication of the IPU was not monitored by the Ministry of Internal Affairs 14. One can only agree with the estimate of the value of this step given by Yu.V. Lomonosov: “This telegram played a decisive role in March days: by the morning of March 1, that is, two days before Nicholas’s abdication, all of Russia, or at least that part of it, which lies no further than 10-15 versts the railways learned that a revolution had taken place in Petrograd ... The fact is that Bublikov found the courage to solemnly notify the whole of Russia about the creation of a new government at a time when there was virtually no power "15.

That same night, telegrams were sent to all the cities about the formation of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma16. In Orel, at one in the afternoon of March 1, such telegrams were received by the mayor and the chairman of the provincial district council. The Oryol governor received fateful news "second-hand" - from the head of the railway gendarme department and from the leaders of the self-government of 17.

So ended February and March 1917 came. After consulting with the heads of various departments, the governor decided to preserve the status quo whenever possible. Army guards were deployed around all significant institutions. A traditional dirge for the emperor Alexander II [18] was served. Position P.V. Gendrikova is reflected in his appeal to residents, which was prepared on March 1 and made public the next day. The main motive of the appeal was the appeal "to calmly and soberly wait for the resolution of the events taking place in Petrograd, until the sovereign emperor tells us to whom we must obey." The governor assured the orlovchan that decisive measures were taken to ensure personal and property security, the supply of 19 products.

The balance was broken the next day by the commander of the Oryol garrison, Lieutenant-General Nikonov, who offered to submit to the Provisional Government. The idea was not supported, but by three o'clock in the afternoon of March 2 the head of the garrison sent a telegram about the recognition of the power of the Provisional Government. 38-thousandth garrison moved to the side of the opposition. At the same time, the Oryol City Council formed the Public Security Committee, which included the provincial leader of the nobility, Prince A. B. Kurakin and the chairman of the provincial district council S.N. Maslov. The committee assumed control of the provincial center, declaring its subordination to the Provisional Government.

March 3 in Orel rallies boiled. General Nikonov announced the subordination of the troops of the city garrison to the Committee of Public Security and led the march of units "in a cab and with a huge red flag." The governor dismissed the police.

The next day, news was received about the abdication of the emperor and the refusal of Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich to take the throne until the decision of the Constituent Assembly. Having announced the last Manifesto at a meeting of heads of various departments, the governor recognized the authority of the Public Security Committee and telegraphically informed Petersburg of the support of the Provisional Government. Having received a certificate of loyalty to the governor, the Committee and the Oryol Council of Workers' Deputies expressed their willingness to work together, but a day later the provincial commissars of the Provisional Government were put in charge of the local government. Soon, as reported by Oryol newspapers, P.V. Hendrikov departed for treatment to the Caucasian mineral waters.

The events of the February revolution in the Oryol province can be considered typical, at least for the European part of Russia. The difference could be in the level of spontaneous violence. Thus, the governor N.G. of Tver was killed by a mob. Bunting, who refused to recognize the authority of the local public security committee and was arrested. But still we will not meet examples of independent actions of the governors to protect the existing system. Externally legitimate forms of the transfer of power from the autocrat to the Provisional Government, whose composition was approved by the last imperial decree, played a significant role in this.
Author:
Originator:
http://rg.ru/2016/03/22/mogli-li-gubernatory-spasti-nikolaia-ii-v-1917-godu.html
41 comment
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Blondy
    Blondy 27 March 2016 06: 59
    +5
    Could the governors save Nicholas II in 1917?

    Do they need such a clear light in their window?
    1. bandabas
      bandabas 27 March 2016 12: 40
      +6
      Being not a participant in the uprising, but only an outside witness, Napoleon could calmly give vent to his true feelings. “Let’s follow these canals,” he said to his companion, seeing the crowd walking towards the royal palace. When Louis 16, frightened by this formidable demonstration, bowed to the crowd from the window, Napoleon said with contempt: “What a coward! It was necessary to sweep away 500-600 people with guns - the rest would have fled! ” Nicholas deserved the same thing as Louis. And Napoleon became Napoleon.
      1. AK64
        AK64 27 March 2016 13: 15
        0
        About Napoleon, these are later tales (like many other episodes of his biography).

        And Nikolai Alexandrovich was by no means a coward: if there were too many indirect evidence that there was no renunciation. (The only evidence of renunciation is Shulgin, who was invited for that, that is, it was not difficult to deceive him)
        1. bandabas
          bandabas 29 March 2016 08: 48
          0
          I just gave an example. As for fairy tales, I don’t argue. But this is how legends are born Or maybe Suvorov didn’t say, “He walks far, it’s time to calm down”? (To Bonaparte). It's not cowardice. And in decisiveness.
    2. AK64
      AK64 27 March 2016 13: 04
      +1
      Do they need such a clear light in their window?


      If they were smarter, they would understand what awaits both themselves and their families.

      But the answer is negative: no, they could not, because no governor could do anything against the conspiracy at Headquarters.
    3. sherp2015
      sherp2015 27 March 2016 19: 17
      +2
      Quote: Blondy
      Could the governors save Nicholas II in 1917?
      Do they need such a clear light in their window?


      Interestingly, our governors will move at least a little backwards if any crisis starts, or they will most likely save their beloved ones, and accounts in Western banks ...
    4. Urfin
      Urfin 28 March 2016 07: 06
      0
      The point is "needed-unnecessary", the question is loyalty, ideology, faith. the state is immaterial - it exists as long as people believe in it.
      It doesn’t matter which ruler: -fool. If people violate the oath en masse - this is the end ...
  2. venaya
    venaya 27 March 2016 07: 51
    +1
    The next day, news was received of the abdication of the emperor and the refusal of Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich to ascend the throne before the decision of the Constituent Assembly

    Excuse me, did anyone deign to read the law on succession to the throne in the Russian Empire? Indeed, according to this law, approved by Paul I, the possibility of the abdication of the tsar-emperor is not provided at all, and even more so what does it have to do with some kind of unlawful Constituent Assembly. All these games are more reminiscent of total chaos, let alone the fact that the law does not provide for the transfer of power to a brother, and the "document" of abdication itself is drawn up with all violations of legal procedures, and its examinations indicate a hundred signs of forgery. Try to make conclusions yourself.
    1. Reddragon
      Reddragon 27 March 2016 10: 38
      +3
      In fact, the king can recant in favor of another candidate for the throne. And as a king, he could recant by signing at least on the fence.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 27 March 2016 07: 54
    +4
    The emperor’s generals did not save ... what can we say about the governors ...
    1. tundra
      tundra 27 March 2016 08: 13
      +3
      Quote: parusnik
      The emperor’s generals did not save ... what can we say about the governors ...

      Yes, and many of the current do not cause confidence.
      It’s painfully overgrown with a large layer of fat.
      For them, their own selfish shirt is closer to the body.
      Most of them in due time,
      shouted, winter has passed, summer has come, thanks to the party for this.
      Then, abruptly became liberals,
      and then EP recorded.
    2. AK64
      AK64 27 March 2016 13: 12
      +1
      The emperor’s generals did not save ... what can we say about the governors ...


      Funny you ....

      It is the gene. Alekseev, from the great, one must think of the mind, and plotted at Headquarters ...

      "To save", yeah ... For this, they forced Nikolai Alexandrovich to "save"
  4. skeptic
    skeptic 27 March 2016 08: 09
    +4
    One only has to dream about the stability of power in the event of a conspiracy and
    apical revolution.
    The events of 1985-1993 showed that the country was defenseless.
    Alas.
    1. 31rus2
      31rus2 27 March 2016 08: 24
      +2
      Dear, the fact of the matter is that Russia depends on one person (tsar, president, prime minister, etc.), as it was 1000 years ago, and now, no one in Russia even wants to raise this issue while criticizing all the tsars and presidents and gene seks, think for yourself well what power is concentrated in one hands, what territories, and all the new articles, renaming of streets, "new pages of history", all this is not a smart and dangerous policy, moreover, supported, maybe ordered by the current government
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan 27 March 2016 12: 10
        +4
        Quote: 31rus2
        Dear, the fact of the matter is that Russia depends on one person (tsar, president, prime minister, etc.), as it was 1000 years ago, and now, no one in Russia even wants to raise this issue while criticizing all the tsars and presidents and gene seks, think for yourself well what power is concentrated in one hands, what territories, and all the new articles, renaming of streets, "new pages of history", all this is not a smart and dangerous policy, moreover, supported, maybe ordered by the current government

        In our country, power can only be sole.
        Semiboyarschina usually leads to complete collapse.
        1. AK64
          AK64 27 March 2016 13: 10
          +1
          In our country, power can only be sole. Semiboyarschina usually leads to complete collapse.


          This, in fact, is true for any country: democracy and road are inevitably demagogic. (Long-term projects are impossible)
  5. Good cat
    Good cat 27 March 2016 09: 26
    0
    They did not want, with rare exceptions, to save him, and the generals, basically, simply betrayed him.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 28 March 2016 01: 54
      0
      In general, it is not clear how they could save? I read, I read, I did not find anything suitable. Only if you wave a magic wand. The same question --- where does the governors? In general, who could save? Is it possible
      .I think not
  6. user3970
    user3970 27 March 2016 09: 33
    -3
    I agree with 31rus2. Unfortunately, in Russia, and later in Russia, the Byzantine system of government was legalized. The system is not built from a leader - a self-styled fool ... An impostor Prince Vladimir came (in Russia at that time the princes were elected at a general meeting - a veche. Vladimir was given a shock at the veche 4 times) - a fratricide and a sexual maniac, drove his squad of citizens of Kiev into Dnieper, so to speak, "baptized", and Russia became "Christian", by the will of fate Peter1, drunkard and homosexual, "taught" the Russians carpentry and ship skills by virtue of his imperial admonition, who had a church in all holes in the most perverted way, who built a fleet of raw tree, which safely rotted at the quay wall without firing a single shot, which "built", killing a third of the country's population in the swamp city-capital, although there was Riga - a Russian city with an ice-free seaport under the Treaty of Nienstadt with Sweden, bought from all over territory for 2 million. Efimks in gold. Who ordered all Russian cattle to celebrate the coming of the New Year on the day of circumcision of the foreskin of Christ, i.e. from January 31 to January 1, 1700, and the people swallowed once again. And before Peter, the New Year was celebrated on the day of the equinox on March 1 FROM THE CREATION OF THE WORLD, 7 525. Nicholas II was a "stratobearer" who loved his wife and family so much that he changed her to Russia, just like Gorbachev. Well, about the drunk with megalomania, after whom the presidential library is named, for the sake of joke a university and a mausoleum - a memorial was built (waiting for the mummy). What can you say about the latter? A purely specific St. Petersburg boy of Tambov color (was associated with Kumarin on specific cases Tambov OPG), drives the same OPG "Lake" only on a national scale, obeys ("six") Chubais, who is in the last place the lieutenant-caretaker for Russia from Windelberg club. He does not know the history of Russia, otherwise he would not have erected monuments to the fratricide prince Vladimir, Stolypin - the inventor of extrajudicial execution "troikas" and the hanger, and would not apologize to the Poles for the alleged execution in Katyn.
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 27 March 2016 12: 15
      -2
      Tell me, are there rulers that you like? It seems you are a supporter of anachia with a Makhnovist state.
      The second one. Why do you supposedly shoot in Katyn? If recognized by the top leaders of Russia
      The third. So if Stolypin introduced triples to maintain state stability, and this is bad, how do you feel about other triples that appeared a quarter of a century after Stolypin?
      Fourth. Where did you get such knowledge of the activities of various organized crime groups, are you there and take part in business?
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 28 March 2016 08: 09
        0
        About Katyn. Here, in VO there was somehow an article about the manipulation of facts. He commented. Do not remember when the name is. In the news in my opinion. I decided that everyone now knows everything. That's what I am saying, theses! Summaries! And I have a minus for this non-standard thought (in another article)
  7. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 27 March 2016 11: 25
    +1
    on the abdication is framed with all the violations of legal procedures, and his expertise indicate half a hundred signs of fake. Try to make your own conclusions. [/ Quote]

    then it must be recognized that it is not legally proven that the Bolsheviks gave the order to kill Nikolai!
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 27 March 2016 12: 27
      +1
      The Bolsheviks killed Nikolai and his children, and this does not require proof, since there are Yurovsky’s recollections, Sokolov’s investigation ... What is there to prove, the Bolsheviks themselves recognized this and were proud of it
      1. MrK
        MrK 27 March 2016 13: 27
        +2
        Quote: Cap.Morgan
        The Bolsheviks killed Nikolai and his children, and this does not require proof, since there are Yurovsky’s recollections, Sokolov’s investigation case ..

        If so killed the Socialist Revolutionaries. The Bolshevik in the political center was alone. But how nice it is to repeat the nonsense of the liberals.
        1. Cap.Morgan
          Cap.Morgan 28 March 2016 00: 23
          +1
          Quote: mrark
          Quote: Cap.Morgan
          The Bolsheviks killed Nikolai and his children, and this does not require proof, since there are Yurovsky’s recollections, Sokolov’s investigation case ..

          If so killed the Socialist Revolutionaries. The Bolshevik in the political center was alone. But how nice it is to repeat the nonsense of the liberals.

          I don’t think that some kind of provincial political center assumed such responsibility.
      2. Kostya Andreev
        Kostya Andreev 27 March 2016 17: 40
        +5
        And how many children and their parents did Nikolai kill? or can he?
        Now the ravings of crazy people such as Jurassic is a fact!
    2. AK64
      AK64 27 March 2016 13: 08
      +1
      then it must be recognized that it is not legally proven that the Bolsheviks gave the order to kill Nikolai!


      Orders are given not by "Bolsheviks", but by an absolutely precise person.

      Trotsky fussed with the idea of ​​"the whole world must be judged !!!"
      Lenin looked at the fool .... Give the podium to the one who had not already denied? Well, aren't you, Lev Davidovich? ....
      1. Kostya Andreev
        Kostya Andreev 27 March 2016 13: 33
        +1
        there is no evidence that there was any order! And relying on the memories of Jurassic is not serious
        1. AK64
          AK64 27 March 2016 15: 31
          0
          there is no evidence that there was any order! And relying on the memories of Jurassic is not serious


          Make such a decision without direct order?

          No, of course you can, you can: It happens that a coin rises on the edge. It is possible without an order - but only none of the performers was punished.

          Moreover, Trotsky grumbled something about "the trial of the whole world, so that on the radio ..."
  8. AK64
    AK64 27 March 2016 13: 05
    +1
    The answer to the question in the article: No, they could not. For Nikolai Alexandrovich was arrested as a result of a plot at Headquarters. What could some governors do in this situation? Never mind...
    1. Kostya Andreev
      Kostya Andreev 27 March 2016 13: 42
      +2
      Nikolai Alexandrovich, who had ... an empire, needed to shoot himself, and not cling to life, after what he had done. This is not the emperor, but a rogue who collected what his predecessors collected about ... al (it reminds someone of the present !!!). Nicholas was abandoned by everything from a soldier to English relatives.
      By the way, why do not they pour mud on the people who overthrew Peter and Paul, and even with her husband and patricide?
      1. AK64
        AK64 27 March 2016 15: 39
        +1
        Nikolai Alexandrovich, who had ... an empire, needed to shoot himself, and not cling to life, after what he had done. This is not the emperor, but a rogue who collected what his predecessors collected about ... al (it reminds someone of the present !!!). Nicholas was abandoned by everything from a soldier to English relatives.
        By the way, why do not they pour mud on the people who overthrew Peter and Paul, and even with her husband and patricide?


        I'm afraid that you live in a fantasy world.

        I’ll repeat it specially for you, and you try to drink cold water and first understand what is written. Then mind, okay?

        By the end of 1916, Germany was actually the end, and this was understood by everyone. Therefore, in Paris-London they started to think about the post-war world --- and what they saw they didn’t really like: it would be a world in which Russia would dominate the continent (as it was in 1815-1855, or as in 1945- 85). Accordingly, it was decided to take measures - and they were accepted: they made a conspiracy.

        There was no "revolution" in February: Nikolai Aleksandrovich was first banally isolated at Headquarters (gene Alekseev, who was IMPOSED on Nikolai shortly before that instead of Gurko, he did this). From the Headquarters the tsar RUNNED (imagine! The Tsar is fleeing from his own Headquarters!)
        A pursuit rushed after him, telegrams rushed "to detain a letter train such and such a number" (the telegrams survived - this is not surreal, these are facts.)
        Detained. They played a play with renunciation (there are too many inconsistencies in renunciation: most likely it was a "movie") and isolated - so that God forbid he could not tell anyone anything.

        Then I had to kill --- most likely because there was no renunciation. (If he had denied it, it would have been possible not to kill, why is this bloodshed? They would have sent them abroad to live in retirement, exchanged for something ...)

        Well, the generals-conspirators themselves their puppeteers also threw: fools and did not understand for whom they tried ....

        You do not rush to object, first think about how this changes the picture of your world.
        1. Kostya Andreev
          Kostya Andreev 27 March 2016 17: 02
          -1
          do not teach what to do to others and you will not be told where to go.

          about the dominance of Russia in 1918. nikolashka scored loans and when trying to dominate, his dominant ran out.
          What kind of king is this which can be isolated and imposed on whom? and if the king flees from his own bid, this is not the king it ......
          Soothe the pity of indignation and imagine the picture: does the company commander flee from his officers?
          Are telegrams proof now? great, that is, I can beat off a telegram with any content and this will be proof. Your naivety is amazing.
          When he was detained where the military, security, army were loyal to him, nobody needed his relatives or English relatives.
          if he had not renounced, then he would have to be killed as Peter or Paul, and so he was sent into exile as a practitioner.
          Exchange for someone, someone who is worth something and not that which everyone despised and despised.
          There may be generals and fools, but what kind of commander are these and soldiers.
          And my friendly advice to you, before advising about a picture of the world, go down from heaven to earth.
          1. AK64
            AK64 27 March 2016 20: 02
            +1
            The comment I tried to add was "too big".

            On the other hand, talking to you is banal to me: you have the mentality of a gopnik and a felon. This is really nasty.

            Therefore, in half an hour I’ll just bring you in an hour
      2. iouris
        iouris 28 March 2016 01: 41
        0
        Filter the bazaar, citizen. Google, at least on the topic "General Ruzsky".
        The country was plunged into a civil war because the "elite" - generals and officers and even the king's relatives changed the oath in the name of "democratic ideals" under the influence of propaganda conducted by the allies (West, Europe, first of all Britain).
        Paul I was also overthrown by the pro-Western "elite" in the name of the "eternal interests" of Britain, as he showed a desire to arrange a continental blockade of Britain in alliance with Napoleon.
        In this sense, domestic history is fixated on by the ruling class.
        Nicholas II could not become Stalin. As a sovereign and Christian, Nicholas II did everything possible to be possible under those conditions in order to prevent the collapse of the state and the outbreak of civil war.
  9. timyr
    timyr 27 March 2016 15: 22
    +1
    Quote: Kostya Andrei
    Nikolai Alexandrovich, who had ... an empire, needed to shoot himself, and not cling to life, after what he had done. This is not the emperor, but a rogue who collected what his predecessors collected about ... al (it reminds someone of the present !!!). Nicholas was abandoned by everything from a soldier to English relatives.
    By the way, why do not they pour mud on the people who overthrew Peter and Paul, and even with her husband and patricide?

    How why, this elite was killing them. And then he dared to raise his voice and put citizen Romanov against the wall. The elite are possible for them, but the cattle cannot. As Talleyrand said, they forgot nothing, but they learned nothing
  10. user3970
    user3970 27 March 2016 15: 24
    -1
    My answer is Cap.Morgan. Which of the rulers of Russia am I sympathetic to, or rather, who was more useful to Russia? The answer is ... Dmitry Donskoy, Ivan the Terrible, False Dmitry (elected to the throne legally), Boris Godunov (unlucky: two years of crop failure), Lenin, Stalin, early Brezhnev. By the way, I want to remind you. The tsar's entourage forced him to abdicate the throne. And after. Nikolay 2 he was still a ghoul. Let's remember Khodynka, bloody Sunday, the Russian-Japanese war, the First World War. And we must also remember that being in power, it called itself "God's anointed", which means that by signing the act of renunciation, he also renounced God. And further . People! Yes, there was no October revolution! The abdication of the tsar and the transfer of power to the Provisional Government - this is the February revolution, which ended with a change in the system. And in October? and what kind of "revolution" is it some kind of bloodless? Maybe because the interim government did not have any power at that time? And another question . Why is the Russian Orthodox Church now resting with all horns and other parts of the body, just not to recognize the remains of the tsar's family as genuine? Is it because there are compelling arguments that there was no execution of the family?
    1. Avantageur
      Avantageur 28 March 2016 23: 23
      0
      Quote: user3970
      Which of the rulers of Russia I like,

      Not this one, by chance ... wassat


    2. Avantageur
      Avantageur 28 March 2016 23: 52
      0
      Quote: user3970
      early Brezhnev

      Yes, late was no longer a cake ...


  11. raid14
    raid14 27 March 2016 17: 25
    +4
    Something is not clear why there have been such articles on VO lately, as recently as the other day the article "In the days when we all fell so low" about the February coup was published. Quite strange topics for discussion, "voluntary resignation", "reliance on governors", etc.
    Do the articles look "like a touchstone", as if the country needs to prepare for such events or is it just gathering information about political moods in society?
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 28 March 2016 08: 24
      0
      Yes, you noticed. Actually, several articles for this day have something in common. The last time I have not been able to read a lot, but yesterday, and at night it worked out. Yes, the "century" ---- makes sense. There was once an article by Rogers .. ... probably at the end of the past. There was something else, light, elusive ...
  12. Old warrior
    Old warrior 27 March 2016 22: 15
    0
    As History shows, for some reason only the Bolsheviks, Yalta, were engaged in saving the Romanov family. 1918 year.
  13. Kostya Andreev
    Kostya Andreev 28 March 2016 19: 10
    0
    Quote: iouris
    sovereign and Christian Nicholas II

    thanks, neighing