Military Review

Russian Navy of the XXI century: promising ships and weapons

34
The end of 2015 - the beginning of 2016 was marked by an unprecedented number of announcements of promising naval weapons from representatives of the defense industrial complex and naval commanders of the Russian Federation. FlotProm collected in one piece everything that is known about the planned appearance of the Russian Navy fleet sample of the XXI century.


Submarines


The closest to implementation is the project of a non-nuclear submarine with an anaerobic power plant, which allows to significantly increase the time the ship stays under water. The development of an air-independent engine in Russia is being carried out by the Rubin Design Bureau, which has already reported on the successful testing of the installation at the coastal stand. Marine tests are scheduled for 2016 year, and the development work on the construction of the submarine, capable of up to 3 weeks not to rise to the surface, on the 2017 year. The total number of promising submarines of the project "Kalina" will be determined by the still not adopted state armaments program until the 2025 year.

Russian Navy of the XXI century: promising ships and weapons

Launching diesel-electric submarine
Central Naval Portal, Sergey Severin


In nuclear submarine shipbuilding in the foreseeable future, changes are not expected. Until 2020, the Severodvinsk shipyard "Sevmash" will continue the construction of multi-purpose nuclear submarines of the project "Yasen-M" and strategic missile carriers "Borey-A". Against this background, the Navy has just begun to form a tactical-technical assignment for the fifth generation nuclear-powered icebreaker, which will receive the Husky cipher. About the new submarine little is known: it will be multi-purpose and will receive hypersonic anti-ship missiles. In addition, the fifth generation of Russian submarines can be replenished with anti-submarine hunter submarines. According to open documentation on re-equipment of production capacities, it is planned to build fifth-generation submarines - as well as modern nuclear-powered ships - on the Sevmash.


Sevmash, slipway shop
Sevmash


The submarines of the future are planned to be designed taking into account the active use of composite materials that can reduce the vibration and noise of the ship. Speech about the manufacture of composite shells is not yet in progress - the metal will be replaced in the manufacture of exterior coatings, steering wheels, stabilizers, screws and other external elements.

When talking about the prospects of the submarine fleet, much attention is paid to reducing the crew size. On modern ships there are about a hundred people on board - in the future, their number is expected to be reduced to 30-40 due to the introduction of management automation tools.


Submarine submarine "Krasnodar"
Flotprom


A separate representative of the submarine forces of the future Navy is the ocean multi-purpose system "Status-6", information about which became well known after the presidential meeting in November 2015. The impact force of this system is a self-propelled underwater vehicle with a range of 10 thousands of kilometers and a depth of one kilometer, designed to destroy the coastal infrastructure of the enemy. They should be armed with nuclear submarines of the 09852 "Belgorod" and 09851 "Khabarovsk" projects, the first of which is being rebuilt into a special purpose submarine from a carrier of cruise missiles, and the second is being built from scratch. Both ships are on the stocks of Severodvinsk "Sevmash".

Surface ships

Prospects for the surface fleet of Russia, according to statements by informed naval officials, are seen as less ambitious and are aimed primarily at the withdrawal of the Russian Navy in the ocean zone. The engine of this process should be the new destroyers of the project 23560 "Leader", the construction of a series of which will be included in the state armament program 2018-2025. In the open press, only the characteristics of the ship's pre-sketch model developed by the Northern PKB were published. It was assumed that he would be the carrier of more than 200 missiles for various purposes and will receive a hull with a displacement of 18 thousand tons, which is more than twice the same characteristic of the Soviet destroyers of the 956 Sarych project. The power plant of the ship will be atomic.


Model of one of the variants of the project destroyer "Leader"
militaryrussia.ru


The atomic heart of the "Leader" is planned to be unified with the power plant of another promising Russian development - the aircraft carrier "Storm". During its construction, it is planned to combine two schools to create ships of a similar class - domestic and western. For example, the rise in the air wing will be provided as a runway with jumps, and an electromagnetic catapult. This will maintain a balance between the need to ensure take-off speed of heavy aircraft, such as airborne airborne warning systems (long-range radar detection and control), and the flight speed of the aircraft. Put on board the aircraft carrier planned at least 80 aircraft and helicopters. The laying of a new ship is supposed to be carried out not earlier than 2025 of the year at Sevmash, the only Russian enterprise capable of building marine equipment with a length of about 300 meters.


Project aircraft carrier 23000 "Storm"
Rossiyskaya Gazeta


The helicopter carrier of domestic production should become the third ship of the future in the Russian Navy, even the beginning of the design of which led to a wave of arguments about the imminent replacement of the Mistral sanctioned ones. At the military exhibitions held in the summer of 2015, the experts of the Nevsky PKB showed their mock-up of a ship of this class "Surf", and at the neighboring stand, scientists of the Krylov Center showed everyone the mock-helicopter carrier "Avalanche". Nevertheless, the Navy gave an unequivocal answer - before 2017, the task of building the shipyards would not be assigned.


Export version of the universal landing ship "Surf"
Central Naval Portal, Sergey Severin

Separate attention in the context of surface shipbuilding is deserved by the statement of the head of the United Shipbuilding Corporation, Alexey Rakhmanov, about the introduction of an electric propulsion system when designing new types of marine technology. Now it is mainly used on auxiliary fleet vessels and icebreakers, but in the future it should be introduced on all warships. Its principle is based on the rotation of the propeller by electric motors, the energy for which will be generated by the main power plant. This allows a freer layout of the ship in terms of location of the latter and significantly increases the maneuverability of the ship.
Armaments

Oddly enough, in the context of offshore armaments, the project is not closest to the implementation of the project is not offensive, but defensive weapons. We are talking about anti-torpedoes for submarines, which will allow Russian submarines to gain an advantage in dueling situations. Today, the Package-NK system was created only in the version for surface ships, however, the general director of the Admiralty Shipyards announced the appearance of anti-torpedoes on diesel-electric submarines under construction.


Start torpedoes MPT-P complex "Package"
Central Naval Portal, George Tomin


The next upgrade point of the Navy’s arsenal should be a modernized version of the Bulava ballistic missile, on which specialists of the Maritime Institute of Thermal Engineering are working. The need to upgrade the main weapons of underwater strategists is due to the fact that "fundamentally new design and design solutions are emerging, the meaning of which is to increase the effectiveness of the use of weapons." Among other things, it is planned that the new "Bulava" will become less expensive.

The development also expects a complex of Caliber cruise missiles, the capabilities of which were demonstrated to the world during the Russian operation in Syria. According to the latest statements of the Navy command, they will be installed on the multipurpose nuclear submarines of the 971 project.


Volley "Caliber"

Other promising cruise missiles, known as the Zircon, will not be as multifunctional as the Gauges. This complex should replace the Soviet Granit missiles and will be designed exclusively for anti-ship purposes. The main advantage of the Zircon will be the ability to fly at hypersonic speed in 5-6 Max (Mach number indicates the speed of sound - Ed.). They will be armed with promising submarines of the 5 th generation of the Husky, the destroyers Leader and the upgraded atomic cruisers of the 1144 Orlan project. Tests "Zircon" in Russia have already begun, but the timing of the launch of rockets into service has not yet been called.

One of the most recent and intriguing statements was the mention by the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, Viktor Bursuk, of technologies with the help of which in the future submarines will be able to strike at space objects. The vice-admiral did not disclose any details to journalists, however, he stressed that they would be one of the priority areas for the development of naval armaments.
Originator:
http://flotprom.ru/2016/Вооружение11/
34 comments
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  1. kote119
    kote119 27 March 2016 06: 44
    +5
    Other promising cruise missiles, dubbed Zircon, will not be as versatile as the Caliber
    I think the author does not understand that the Caliber family includes different types of missiles, each has its own specialization
    The next item for updating the Navy's arsenal should be an upgraded version of the Bulava ballistic missile, which is being developed by specialists from the Marine Institute of Thermal Engineering
    I’ll correct the author a little - the mace was developed at the Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering.
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 27 March 2016 18: 37
      +3
      And the boat "Krasnodar" is obviously an old project - I thought so because the propeller is not hidden.
      1. Ustinov 055 055
        Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 34
        0
        Good question
      2. Ustinov 055 055
        Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 34
        -1
        Good question
  2. Good cat
    Good cat 27 March 2016 06: 57
    0
    Good prospects. Waiting for.
    1. ava09
      ava09 27 March 2016 07: 54
      +7
      By the sea of ​​the weather? "It was smooth on paper, but they forgot about the ravines." So far, these are only words and projects that under our rule may never turn out to be reality. This is indirectly evidenced by manipulations with figures in the number of ships handed over to the fleet ...
    2. ametist415
      ametist415 27 March 2016 10: 46
      +1
      You must work, you will wait until death.
  3. Scharnhorst
    Scharnhorst 27 March 2016 07: 08
    +1
    An article for the yellow press: ... rumors, gossip, intrigue ...
  4. Sailor
    Sailor 27 March 2016 07: 32
    +7
    If it’s understandable with the boats, then the ships will probably arrive for 5 years from the indicated deadline, for even too long they even build pr 11356 and they have been detained for 2 years (I’m silent about the second three), the turbines from Nikolaev had to be taken away faster, and Do not wait until these idiots suspend shipments.
    1. ametist415
      ametist415 27 March 2016 10: 47
      -6
      Project 11356 is out of date on the slipway.
    2. Ustinov 055 055
      Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 36
      +1
      Yes, do not pick up and you had to do your own for a long time, cooperation with any rabble is a time bomb, these lodgers also leaked everything to Amer
    3. Ustinov 055 055
      Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 36
      0
      Yes, do not pick up and you had to do your own for a long time, cooperation with any rabble is a time bomb, these lodgers also leaked everything to Amer
  5. aszzz888
    aszzz888 27 March 2016 07: 33
    +3
    Time will make soybeans adjustments to these plans. I wanted it for the better, but everything will rest on finances.
    1. ametist415
      ametist415 27 March 2016 10: 58
      +2
      We do not have enough personnel. Do you know how to build ships?
  6. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 27 March 2016 07: 55
    +5
    Quote: Sailor
    it was necessary to pick up turbines from Nikolaev faster, and not wait until these idiots suspend deliveries.

    Unfortunately so. Fucking integration led us to losses, sometimes little compatible with the lives of individual industries working in the military-industrial complex. Nikolaev, Kharkov is just a drop in a pool of tears.
  7. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 27 March 2016 08: 08
    +8
    Review article, so to speak "for today". A compilation of what was said in the press.
    And the title contains the word "promising" ...
    There is no mention of the Kalina submarine, the development of non-G / A means of detecting submarines, torpedo weapons, submarine ICBM complexes ... underwater flyers, etc.
    But the article is "light", not particularly loading the consciousness and straining the memory, in a word - "Sunday". Put "+".
  8. tchoni
    tchoni 27 March 2016 08: 49
    -5
    The purpose of the destroyer in modern conditions is not entirely clear. Big and expensive goal? Shock functions and anti-submarine, as it seems to me, are easier to shift to submarines. And the corvette or frigate can cope with the air defense function, if it is imprisoned for this matter. but this is IMHO amateur :-)
    1. sub307
      sub307 27 March 2016 09: 24
      0
      You can at least until "blue in the face" be clever on the "expanses of the" Internet "doing writing a little constructive comments on the proposed articles on the topic ... Of course - there will be" papers "and" ravines "too ..., however (my opinion) - the main thing is already happening: the "trend" is changing, we are returning to the Ocean in a new capacity.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 27 March 2016 10: 22
        +3
        In submarines, we of course return to the ocean, and all the rest another 15 to 20 years to wait.
        1. ametist415
          ametist415 27 March 2016 10: 56
          0
          On a submarine in the ocean without air cover, even the experience of World War II showed that you are likely to fail your tasks on a submarine, even on a nuclear one.
      2. ametist415
        ametist415 27 March 2016 10: 53
        -2
        So far no ocean ship has been laid, without an aircraft carrier 100 thousand tons of displacement with nuclear power plants and catapults in the ocean, there is nothing to do. Only closed seas.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Lopatov
      Lopatov 27 March 2016 09: 28
      +2
      Quote: tchoni
      Big and expensive goal?

      ... with greater autonomy than corvettes and frigates.
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 27 March 2016 14: 35
        0
        Autonomy is a separate topic. It is also possible to make a small ship quite autonomous. For example, Project 956 destroyers of the Moskva-class have an autonomy of 30 days. Peter the Great - at 60. A nuclear submarine at six months. Arlie Burke about 30 days. That does not prevent amers from using them around the world.
        Although, perhaps, in your words there is some truth. However, it seems to me that the decisive moment of autonomy is the NPP.
        1. Ustinov 055 055
          Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 39
          +1
          YaEU you will not be full
        2. Ustinov 055 055
          Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 39
          0
          YaEU you will not be full
    4. Alex777
      Alex777 27 March 2016 19: 33
      +6
      For normal air defense, you need a normal radar, for a normal radar you need powerful energy and the volume to place a radar, long-range missiles, etc., etc., etc.
      Further, having invested a lot of money in equipment, not having a range of 6000 miles is strange.
      And the result is a destroyer from 9000-12000 tons.
      And all without exception.
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 28 March 2016 06: 46
        0
        for the normal deployment of a "fort" type air defense system of a frigate with a displacement of 4000 - 5000 tons of gas, if it is not overloaded with other types of weapons. It will not work to organize a normal radar field with early detection of low-altitude radar targets without a DLRO aircraft (helicopter) (the horizon interferes. That is why one of the Liera variants has radar installations mounted one above the other, like the Eiffel Tower). So, let's say, having removed strike weapons from the frigate (along with guidance and targeting systems), useless (in fact) AU (if there are guns on the shore, then sending a ship worth 10-15 billion dollars into their zone of action and for their pressure is unprofitable , and if there are no guns on the shore, there is no need). Reducing the functions of the GAS to anti-torpedo self-defense and changing the helicopter from attack to DLRO, it is quite possible to ensure the creation of a rather powerful and autonomous air defense frigate
    5. n.kolesnichenko
      n.kolesnichenko 27 March 2016 20: 16
      0
      Is the cost of submarines comparable with destroyers?
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 28 March 2016 07: 00
        +1
        The boat of the Borey project costs about $ 800 million. Similar in displacement to the Leader, the American project of the URO nuclear cruiser in the early eighties was estimated at $ 1.4-1.7 yards. Similar in displacement and immodest in ambitions "Zimvolt" (the same atomic) is not enough for the price of an aircraft carrier of the "German" type does not reach 8 yards against 10. A modern non-nuclear frigate costs from 11 to 15 yards, but rubles, which is something at the modern rate about $ 180 to $ 250 million
      2. Ustinov 055 055
        Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 37
        +1
        In our country, this is an incorrect question. In fact, there are different nuclear submarines and they cost $ 2 billion, and maybe cheaper, and the destroyers should be cheaper a priori.
      3. Ustinov 055 055
        Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 37
        0
        In our country, this is an incorrect question. In fact, there are different nuclear submarines and they cost $ 2 billion, and maybe cheaper, and the destroyers should be cheaper a priori.
  9. demiurg
    demiurg 27 March 2016 10: 45
    0
    I can understand frigates, submarines too, but what tasks will the atomic box weighing 16 tons? And an aircraft carrier of 100 tons after it. Of the last bombed countries since Yugoslavia, at least one was defeated only by carrier-based aircraft, and yes with it when at least 50% of the targets were destroyed by carrier-based aircraft? Isn’t it easier to build Boreev and Ashen, plus the means covering their deployment? Or did Russia have a desire to bomb the Solomon Islands?
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. Resistance
    Resistance 27 March 2016 17: 08
    +1
    On modern ships, there are about a hundred people on board - in the future their number is supposed to be reduced to 30-40 due to the introduction of control automation


    The issue of crew size was discussed a quarter of a century ago, after the death of Fin. The conversation was that the displacement of ships increased by an order of magnitude or more, automation was high, and the number of crews was like on WWII boats.
    And what to do (pah, pah) in an emergency? The ship is large, few people. In case of fire, the torch in the machine will fight? So after Nerpa nobody will go for it.
    And will automation fight water too? PAZ tasks as they begin to fight, so all accidents will win: o)
    In the equipment room, the reactor, terminator-2 will be fixed, the Schwartz will not cope.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 27 March 2016 17: 21
      +1
      On Nerpa, a firefighting system was activated by one of the crew members.
  12. okroshka79
    okroshka79 27 March 2016 21: 28
    +4
    All recent articles, and this one is no exception, contain material about the projects of "global" ships. Meanwhile, most of the ship's composition is represented by ships of small and medium displacement, which are irreplaceable "plowmen" of the sea. Nothing is reported about them. What and how with the development of trawling forces, OVR ships, the near operational zone, and the floating rear? The development of ship weapons, almost nothing about them at all, why put it in the title? And in general, for what purposes is our fleet seen in the structure of our Armed Forces? Where, in fact, we must start. The article is definitely "not"
  13. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 28 March 2016 07: 49
    -1
    And "Rubin" has already reported that everything is in chocolate! Once again ?! They did it better, tested it, mastered it, and then reported. They have a General Dreamer !!!
  14. edeligor
    edeligor 28 March 2016 09: 40
    0
    submarines will be able to strike at space objects
    This is really a breakthrough! Navy submarines performing VKS tasks are cool however. The destroyers with the Eagles are also excellent, it's high time!
    The question is about aircraft carriers - gentlemen, strategists, probably are planning to launch naval bases of the Russian Federation around the world and have calculated the cost that they are going to get out of the taxpayer’s pocket ... I admit that I’m not optimistic enough or stupidly do not know about changes in emphasis in the military planning ... cool, only with a minus sign!
    1. Ustinov 055 055
      Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 40
      +1
      And what does the base have to do with it, and how long have aircraft carriers with nuclear power plants needed bases everywhere, they still have autonomy
    2. Ustinov 055 055
      Ustinov 055 055 30 March 2016 10: 40
      0
      And what does the base have to do with it, and how long have aircraft carriers with nuclear power plants needed bases everywhere, they still have autonomy
  15. King, just king
    King, just king 28 March 2016 15: 36
    0
    Models, models, models - stop fifty million different fairy-tale models ...
  16. pegass21
    pegass21 April 26 2021 22: 30
    0
    Good material, the issue of the applied power plants and propulsion complexes is little disclosed. Now in the Russian Federation there is a big problem with the development of marine engine building. Recently I found good material about star-shaped marine diesel engines, everyone explains very clearly who is interested in looking at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnphoza8PGRWgIO4qPgUTwQ Good material, the issue of applied power plants and propulsion systems is not sufficiently disclosed. Now in the Russian Federation there is a big problem with the development of marine engine building. Recently I found good material about star-shaped marine diesel engines, they all very clearly explain who is interested in looking
    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnphoza8PGRWgIO4qPgUTwQ