Military Review

Mosquito (SS-N-22, Sunburn, ASM-MSS), anti-ship missile system with a cruise missile 3М-80

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Mosquito (SS-N-22, Sunburn, ASM-MSS), anti-ship missile system with a cruise missile 3М-80


Anti-ship cruise missile to destroy surface targets

History create

The anti-ship cruise missile (ASM) 3M-80 Mosquito, as the main element of the eponymous anti-ship missile system (SCRC), was developed by the GosMCB Raduga of A.Ya. Bereznyak (the city of Dubna, the general designer of IS Seleznev, commencement of work in 1973) in cooperation with other enterprises. The main elements of the rocket were developed: the onboard and shipboard control systems — Altair GNPO (Moscow, general designer S.A. Klimov); direct-flow rocket propulsion engine of the rocket - OKB-670 (Moscow, chief designer M.M. Bondaryuk) and the Soyuz Design Bureau (Turaev, Chief Designer VG Stepanov), the starting engine is KB-2, Plant No. XXUMX Minaviaprom (Moscow, Chief Designer I. Kartukov). The launcher of the complex was developed at the Mechanical Engineering Design Bureau (Moscow, chief designer N.K. Tsikunov).

The SCRK with the 3М-80 rocket Moskit was originally designed to replace the P-15 cruise missiles and was planned to be installed on destroyers, missile boats and ekranoplans.

Mosquito (SS-N-22, Sunburn, ASM-MSS), anti-ship missile system with a cruise missile 3М-80



Prior to the adoption of the Moskit rocket launcher, a large volume of tests was carried out, which began in June 1978 at the Sandy Beam training ground with two successful throw launches of a rocket model with a starting engine. After flight design tests of the Moskit complex, its state tests began, which lasted until the end of 1982. They ended on November 28.11.1982, 956, with multiple salvos of two missiles of one launcher from the destroyer pr.XNUMX Desperate in the Barents Sea in the North navy. At a range of 27 km at a ship speed of 20 knots, the target was hit by both missiles. During these tests, out of 15 launches, 8 were recognized successful, 5 partially successful and 2 unsuccessful. From 1983 to 1988. SCRC "Mosquito" was tested to improve the tactical and technical characteristics of the ZM-80 rocket (a flight range of 125 km was achieved), as well as to use it from the winged aircraft "Lun" pr.963.

The ZM-80 rocket and its modifications were mass-produced by the Progress software (now OJSC Arsenyevskaya Aviation Company "Progress" them. N.I. Sazykina, Arseniev, Primorsky Territory).

The complex was repeatedly demonstrated at air shows in Chile, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) and in Zhukovsky near Moscow (MAKS).

At the beginning of the 80-ies, the Moskit SCRC with the 3М80 rocket was adopted for destroyers of the type “Sovremennaya” pr. 956, and in 1984, with the 3М-80Е rocket in two quadruple KT-190. Aviation option SCRC "Moskit" was adopted for the period 1992-1994.



appointment

The Moskit anti-ship missile system with a cruise missile of type 3М-80 is designed to destroy surface ships and transports from ship-borne attack groups, amphibious formations, convoys and single ships (displacing, hydrofoil, airbag) up to 20000 tons. travel up to 100 nodes in fire and electronic countermeasures of the enemy in difficult weather and climate conditions at ambient temperatures from –25 to + 50 degrees. C, rough seas up to 6 points (up to 5 on small targets) and wind speed from any direction at sea level to 20 m / s. Resistant to the effects of a nuclear explosion.

Aviation version of the air-to-ship missile 3-80 can be used on deck-mounted aircraft such as the Su-33 (Su-27K) and is designed to destroy enemy ships.



Composition

The structure of the SCRK "Mosquito" includes: anti-ship, supersonic, low-altitude, self-guided cruise missile of type ZM-80, ship control system 3Ц-80, hated launcher KT-152М, complex ground equipment KNO 3XXXX



Features

The supersonic self-guided anti-ship missile 3М-80 "Mosquito" belongs to the class of light anti-ship missiles and is designed according to the normal aerodynamic configuration. The rocket fuselage is a body of rotation with an ogival shape of the nose and an X-shaped arrangement of folding wings and tail. On the body there are four side air intakes with air ducts, the front fairing has a radiotransfer. In the manufacture of the fuselage used titanium, steel and fiberglass.

The rocket is equipped with a combined (sustained-through ramjet 3D83 engine with a built-in starting powder accelerator) propulsion system. The accelerator is placed in the nozzle of the main engine, after 3-4 seconds after the start it burns and is pushed out of the nozzle by the oncoming air flow.

Targeting is carried out by a combined (inertial navigation system with an active-passive radar homing head) control system, which ensures a high probability of hitting the target during enemy radio resistance. For the purposes of the type of group of boats and ship strike group, it reaches 0,99, convoys and troop compound - 0,94.

The flight of the anti-ship missile at a speed of more than 2М carries out a complex trajectory - after starting it makes a “slide”, then decreases and continues flying at an altitude of about 20 m, and 9 km before the target makes an anti-aircraft maneuver - decreases to 7 m above the crest of waves and flies trajectory "snake". During the flight, the anti-ship missile can make intensive anti-aircraft maneuvers with overloads of more than 10 units. The defeat of the target occurs by breaking through its hull due to the large kinetic energy and the explosion inside the ship. This ensures the sinking of the target up to the cruiser, and the 15-17 missiles are capable of destroying the ship group. It is almost impossible to avoid the anti-ship missile defense "Moskit", since it is found 3-4 seconds before the meeting with the aim and, according to domestic and foreign experts, it is the best anti-ship missile in the world.



Location and condition

The Moskit PKRK with the 3М-80 PKR was installed: on destroyers pr.956 (2 quadruple PU type KT-190), large anti-submarine ships pr.11556 "Admiral Lobov", on more than 20 missile boats pr.1241.9. (2 paired PU KTM-152M on each side), on an experienced small rocket ship (MRK) pr.1239 on an air cushion of a skeg type (2 quad PU), on an experienced MRK-5 pr.1240 on underwater wings (2 paired PU ), on the "Lun" ekranoplane, can be used in parts of the coastal defense and in naval aviation - on a Su-27K (Su-33) shipboard aircraft one missile can be positioned under the fuselage between the nacelles.



According to the Resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers (from 4.01.1981, No. 17-5), the complex was upgraded in order to increase the firing range by improving the characteristics of the cruise engine. 10 test launches RCC "Moskit-M" held in the period 1987-1989. from the boat pr.1241.1. The maximum range of 153 km was reached, and the modified RCC was designated 3М-80Е.

At present, the Moskit SCRC is allowed for export both as part of Russian missile boats Ave 12421 and destroyers Ave 956, and separately for placement on the ships of the customer.
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  1. mirag2
    mirag2 15 July 2013 09: 35 New
    0
    After all, they defeated the Georgian fleet?
    1. Know-nothing
      Know-nothing 15 July 2013 09: 45 New
      +3
      No, the Georgian missileless boats and the hydrographic seiner were fired at with "Malachite" and "Wasp".
    2. Orty
      Orty 15 July 2013 10: 52 New
      +2
      It’s a big pain for Mosquitoes to spend on their tubs, and for them, air defense missiles too.
    3. silver_roman
      silver_roman 15 July 2013 17: 02 New
      +2
      It sounds too loud
      Georgian fleet

      amateurish connection of fishermen with a certain knowledge of the basics of military affairs)))
  2. Footmansur86
    Footmansur86 15 July 2013 09: 41 New
    +6
    Georgian "Fleet" ?????, but it was ?? a pair of boats is not a fleet))
  3. NOMADE
    NOMADE 15 July 2013 09: 42 New
    +2
    Great rocket. He was in his youth on the destroyer 956 project, during the shooting ranges. The work of AK 130, when the ship is shaken when the ship is launched and the launch of Mosquito, memory for life))
    1. silver_roman
      silver_roman 15 July 2013 17: 02 New
      +2
      I envy you with white envy! drinks
  4. Max
    Max 15 July 2013 14: 37 New
    +3
    Incomplete article. For some reason, about modernization - 3M-82, 3M-80ME, 3M-82V and 3M-80MVE is not said.
  5. sop.ov
    sop.ov 15 July 2013 15: 45 New
    +4
    ... reaches 0,99, convoys and landing force - 0,94.
    In 1990, at the 56th BREM exercise on firing Mosquitoes at a towed target by two destroyers, one per side, there was a curious incident. According to the results of the firing, the brigade was assigned "UD" during a salvo launch, observers visually recorded only one hit. For a long time, the brigade flagship specialists tried to prove to the command with calculations that there were two defeats. As a result, scientific experts were called from Moscow, who, after studying the shooting materials and examining the target, gave a conclusion - there were two defeats. The first missile entered the target at an angle, bent the rack of the mesh screen, which increased the area of ​​the screen break in height. The second entered the target practically at a horizontal right angle, expanding the area of ​​the previous defeat by about 1 m with the stabilizers. When I asked the flagship RAO, was this possible, he replied that this is exactly how it should be in terms of performance characteristics, all other things being equal.
  6. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 15 July 2013 18: 30 New
    +2
    Such a "Mosquito" will bite - it will not seem a little!
  7. user
    user 15 July 2013 19: 11 New
    0
    Mosquito (anti-ship missile)
    http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9C%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%82_(%D0%BF%D1%80%
    D0%BE%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0
    %BD%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B0)

    Rocket P-270 "Mosquito" at the MAKS air show in Zhukovsky, 1999
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/Moskit_missile.jpg

    Sketch
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/P-270_moskit_sketch.svg
    /2000px-P-270_moskit_sketch.svg.png
  8. Drummer
    Drummer 15 July 2013 19: 23 New
    +2
    ... can be used in naval aviation - on a Su-27K (Su-33) ship plane, one missile can be located under the fuselage between the engine nacelles.

    This is not true. Aviation Mosquito (X-41) exists only in the form of prototypes, the missile was not mass-produced, and now the program is completely closed (in the photo in the article - the Su-90 version with the X-33E mock-up offered to the Indians in the 41s). The Mosquito was a bit heavy for the carrier-based Su-33.
    1. fartfraer
      fartfraer 15 July 2013 20: 19 New
      +1
      and the ekranoplanes do not seem to be in service now. although I could be wrong, of course
  9. Fetel
    Fetel 15 July 2013 20: 47 New
    +1
    And "Yakhont" is even cooler.
  10. xomaNN
    xomaNN 15 July 2013 21: 02 New
    +1
    Well, the familiar KT-190 launchers! We really have them hanging out on 1134A Ave. anti-submarine missile torpedoes hanging out :))
  11. Max
    Max 15 July 2013 21: 15 New
    +1
    Quote: FeteL
    And "Yakhont" is even cooler.

    The same speed as Mosquito, instead of a snake, anti-aircraft maneuver in the final section - a spiral. I do not see more special differences in the performance characteristics. Maybe what together with the Indians designed (Bramos - Brahmaputra Moscow) over the past 15 years, a completely new rocket is cool. There were still specialists in this field, which is pleasing and most importantly within the normal time frame, they met the development and flight tests. Mosquito did not want to fly for so long, but when it flew ....)))).
    Quote: xomaNN
    Well, the familiar KT-190 launchers! We really have them hanging out on 1134A Ave. anti-submarine missile torpedoes hanging out :))
    Bells or Blizzards probably.
    1. Htuek
      Htuek 16 July 2013 00: 59 New
      +2
      Brahmos is not the development of a separate rocket. her legs grow from yahont aka Onyx. The first Brahmos were actually made from Onyx. Then the Indians tried to attach their gyroscope to them, but it had a funny property, if our blocks had to be cooled by heating, then their gyroscope had to be heated. Binatonchik on the CPA looked a lot of fun. Therefore, they spat on their gyroscope and it seems like a flight control system and left ours. The first 20 pieces that went to them caused a storm of delight. Then often in their parades launch containers were carried for some reason on elephants. Although the launch container was mounted on one of the frigates. The white container looked very harmonious against the background of the gray ship. Also under the contract they took 2 or 3 CPA.
  12. bublic82009
    bublic82009 15 July 2013 23: 18 New
    +3
    for such dimensions, the rocket does not fly far. Yes, it will overcome any defense, only the carrier must still get to the launch point
    1. Max
      Max 15 July 2013 23: 52 New
      +2
      under the conditions of modern and promising means of fire and electronic countermeasures of the enemy at a firing range of 10 to 120 km (along a low-altitude trajectory) and 250 km (with altitude flight profile).
      http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/3%D0%9C-80
      There is still further scope for increasing range.

      By the way, the Chinese sold 4 destroyers of projects 956E and EM with anti-ship missile systems Mosquito. The total salvo of 4 destroyers - 4x16 = 64 missiles in one salvo - now there is something to answer the Japanese)))
      1. Windbreak
        Windbreak 16 July 2013 12: 13 New
        +2
        Quote: Max
        The total salvo of 4 destroyers - 4x16 = 64 missiles in one salvo
        Where did you find 16 there? Each ship has 8 missiles
        1. Max
          Max 16 July 2013 16: 07 New
          +1
          Well, a little exaggerated :)))
  13. NOMADE
    NOMADE 16 July 2013 04: 07 New
    +1
    Quote: silver_roman
    I envy you with white envy! drinks


    )) eh .., I still found (was present) at the exercises when the aircraft carrier "Frunze" cut the waters of the Amur Bay))) Even black-and-white photographs from the navigator's bridge remained))) And all the more it was a pity to watch the death - 956 "BATTLE "((and how Frunze stands and rots (now like Lazarev) near the pier in Fokino (Strelok Bay) (((((
    1. silver_roman
      silver_roman 16 July 2013 10: 20 New
      +3
      Do not be sad at 1144. *
      as far as I know, all 4 Orlanes are planned to be kept in the fleet, i.e. Three cruisers will be upgraded.
      Of course, at the expense of 956, I’m very sorry.
      You know how many things got under the knife, and even if you take not only the Navy. I personally visited the Tu-22 "aircraft graveyard" in Ukraine, Nizhyn, Chernihiv region. Also not a sight for the faint of heart.
      our armed forces suffered many losses, but nothing .. we are not in the first. reborn like a phoenix.
  14. sop.ov
    sop.ov 16 July 2013 11: 19 New
    +1
    Quote: silver_roman
    Of course, at the expense of 956, I’m very sorry.

    956 was initially doomed to short life due to its power plant. In our 56 BREM ships after the 3-4 combat services in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic began to die quietly and no longer went beyond the Barents Sea.