On March 17, a whole series of media outlets reported on the detention in Rostov-on-Don of a minor young man - a citizen of Ukraine. As it turned out, a seventeen-year-old youth planned to commit an act of terrorism on the territory of Rostov-on-Don. This was announced by the head of the Center for Countering Extremism of the State Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Rostov Region Police Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Metzger. Later, journalists became aware of other details of the detention of the young Ukrainian. Firstly, it turned out that he was detained back in December 2015, he is currently in custody. Secondly, it turned out that the young man, who had arrived from Ukraine, had assembled a homemade bomb in the dormitory room, where he had stayed, and was studying the city in order to determine the infrastructure objects against which to commit sabotage. After all the circumstances of the case became clear, a criminal case was initiated against the young man under art. 205 of the Criminal Code "Terrorist Act." Meanwhile, the young man caught in Ukrainian - is not the only citizen of a neighboring state, is trying to lead in the Rostov region subversion and unmasked Russian law enforcement agencies. The topic of the penetration of Ukrainian citizens with illegal purposes to the territory of the Russian Federation was raised at a special meeting in the Federation Council of the Russian Federation on the influence of the geopolitical situation in the world on extremist manifestations in Russia. The head of the Rostov Center for Combating Extremism was invited to the meeting and read out a report on the situation in the region and how the police confronted the subversive activities of foreign agents.
Foreign citizens, provocateurs and propagandists, penetrate the Russian Federation, including the Rostov Region, under the guise of refugees. Among them are people who are focused on subversive activities against the Russian state through sabotage and terrorist acts, as well as agitators who disseminate anti-state ideas among the population of border regions and refugees. The activities of provocateurs intensified after the start of the trial of the Ukrainian military Nadezhda Savchenko. By the way, Nadezhda Savchenko herself was detained by Russian police in the Voronezh region, where she entered under the guise of a refugee with unknown purposes. A woman who served as senior lieutenant in an army regiment aviation Ukraine, accused of involvement in the organization of the murder of Russian journalists Igor Kornelyuk and Anton Voloshin. VGTRK employees died in the Luhansk region during mortar shelling. On March 21, 2014, the Donetsk City Court of the Rostov Region found Nadezhda Savchenko guilty of correcting the fire of Ukrainian artillery, which killed Russian journalists.
Even 2 March 2016, the state prosecutor requested for Nadezhda Savchenko 23 a year of imprisonment with a punishment sentence in a general regime colony (recall that women in Russia are not sentenced to life imprisonment and are not sent to a strict regime colony). The trial of Savchenko caused an increased activity of anti-Russian elements in Ukraine, in Western countries, while some Russians, in the first place - representatives of the "non-systemic" opposition - liberal and leftist organizations - began to speak out in support of Nadezhda Savchenko. On the territory of Ukraine, rallies were held in a number of cities near the buildings of Russian diplomatic missions, and in Kiev and Lvov hooligans attacked the Russian embassy and consulate. As for the Russian Federation, with the beginning of the trial in the case of Savchenko in the Rostov region began to come so-called. "Support groups" by Nadezhda Savchenko. According to the representative of the Don police, the “support group” includes only Ukrainian citizens who arrive before the beginning of court hearings, and then leave back to Ukraine, passing around the territory of Donetsk and Lugansk people's republics. Apparently, the members of the “support groups” are engaged in a general study of the situation in the adjacent Rostov region, and not only watch the trial.
An increased danger is the situation of refugees. Recall that since the start of hostilities in the Donbas more than a million Ukrainian citizens have entered Russia. Naturally, it is not possible to track the intentions and actions of each of them, especially given the cuts in the Russian law enforcement agencies. Many provocateurs and propagandists of Ukrainian national extremist organizations and special services can disguise themselves as refugees. Given that refugees from 2014 have dispersed throughout the Russian Federation, the problem of finding foreign agents among them is really very serious. And, most importantly, it is very difficult not only to work to monitor the refugee environment, but also to develop mechanisms to combat the infiltration of refugees on Wednesday Ukrainian secret service agents and radical organizations. However, according to law enforcement, gradually Ukrainian radical organizations are aware of the futility of work among refugees, since they do not enlist their support. The attempts to launch anti-Russian agitation among the population of the border areas also turned out to be failed.
But, despite the measures taken by the law enforcement agencies, periodically provocateurs and demolition men still penetrate into the territory of the Russian Federation and commit illegal acts here. The case of the detention of a young extremist from Ukraine in Rostov-on-Don is far from the only one. According to the Russian special services, in December 2015, 16 citizens of Ukraine — 12 men and 4 women — had to enter the territory of Russia. They set as their goal the implementation of subversive activities in the territory of the Russian Federation. After receiving information about the sending of a sabotage group, the Russian law enforcement agencies increased their vigilance and demanded that the management of hotels, hotels, homeowner associations report information about all suspicious citizens of Ukraine who stay in hotels, hotels or private apartments. In January 2016, representatives of the National Anti-Terrorism Committee (NAC) of the Russian Federation also spoke about the likelihood of Ukrainian extremists entering Russia. Ukrainian bombers have resorted to the same impact as "telephone terrorism". For example, in St. Petersburg in the summer of 2015, telephone terrorists became more active, reporting on the mining of various crowded places — above all, shopping centers. The police found that almost all calls were made from Ukrainian numbers from the territory of Ukraine. The actions of telephone terrorists caused great damage to the owners of shopping centers, law enforcement agencies, and the atmosphere of panic was maintained in society - it’s still not so easy to live when people are evacuated from shopping and entertainment complexes every day.
Another direction of the subversive activities of the Ukrainian radicals is propaganda activity on the Internet. The possibilities of the Internet make it possible not only to post propaganda information, but also to recruit supporters and coordinate their actions. This has long been used by radical and extremist organizations both in Russia and in Ukraine. On the other hand, the activity of Ukrainian radicals and their Russian accomplices in social networks has allowed the Russian law enforcement agencies to expose the many propagandists and recruiters, and to stop their illegal activities. As we know, the Ukrainian nationalist organizations such as the "right sector" and "Ukrainian National Assembly - Ukrainian People's Self-Defense" is prohibited on the territory of the Russian Federation. But, nevertheless, even among Russian citizens there are people who openly sympathize with these organizations and even try to engage in campaigning activities.
For example, in September 2015, Mr. 35, a Zelenograd-born Alexander Razumov, was sentenced to seven years in prison. As early as the spring of 2014, he voluntarily joined the ranks of the radical organization Right Sector, whose activities in the territory of the Russian Federation are prohibited. Becoming a pravosek, Razumov decided to recruit Russian citizens for extremist activity, but was exposed by law enforcement officers and arrested. Note that this is not the only case of subversive activities of pro-Ukrainian elements on the Internet. In July, the 2015 of St. Petersburg Maxim Kalinichenko was sentenced to two years and seven months in a strict regime colony. A man in February-March 2014 placed texts and images in the groups "Russian March 2014" and "Russian Right Sector", containing calls for extremist activities, violence, inciting national discord. Citizen Kalinichenko admitted his guilt in the act incriminated to him. By the way, this is not the first conviction of Kalinichenko. In 2013, he received a conditional conviction for incitement to violence against law enforcement officers, which he spoke at during the Russian jogging event 10 on December 2012.
In November 2015, a resident of Surgut Oleg Novozhenin received a real term - the year of the colony-settlement - for actively posting on social networks materials advertising the Right Sector organizations prohibited in the Russian Federation, the Azov battalion. Novozhenina was found guilty under Article 282 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation “Actions aimed at inciting hatred, hostility, as well as at humiliating the dignity of a group of people on grounds of nationality, attitude to religion and social group, committed publicly and using information and telecommunication networks, including The Internet". Like Kalinichenko, Novozhenin fully admitted his guilt. In Chita, he was sentenced to one and a half years imprisonment with a sentence being served in a penal colony-settlement 21-year-old Alexander Dodonov. The young man was accused of belonging to the Right Sector organization banned in Russia. Later, Dodonov was mitigated by his illness. In the Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky district of the Zabaykalsky Krai, an 2,5-year-old young man was sentenced to 18 years of imprisonment. He opened a group on social networks that promoted the ideas of the Right Sector and inflamed ethnic strife against Russian citizens. Since the young man was still a minor at the time of the crime, the court limited itself to the imposition of a suspended sentence. In Chelyabinsk, a local opposition activist Konstantin Zharinov was sentenced to two years on probation and immediately pardoned. He also posted on his page on the social network the text of the Right Sector banned in the Russian Federation.
As we can see, Ukrainian nationalist organizations have supporters on the territory of Russia, not only among visitors from Ukraine, but also among the indigenous people of the Russian Federation. A potential “risk group” is left-wing, right-wing, and liberal organizations of extra-parliamentary opposition. Despite the existing serious ideological differences, they are all similar in one thing - hatred of the Russian state, which leads them to the side of overtly anti-Russian forces. In the heat of hatred of the Russian state, activists of radical organizations are ready to cooperate with the Ukrainian movements and factions that are banned in Russia and with foreign special services. Unfortunately, the victims of extremist propaganda are often very young people and even teenagers. Having no life experience and the necessary understanding of the current political situation, due to youthful maximalism, they not only absorb the propaganda of radical organizations, but also turn into its translators themselves - they create communities in social networks, publish texts and symbolism. The result of such actions for young people is deplorable - a conviction at an early age creates serious obstacles for a career, even if young people are not given a real term of imprisonment.