Military Review

Peter Schmidt - a revolutionary with "Ochakova"

70
Today, the name of Lieutenant Schmidt is known to many, even people with a little knowledge of Russian stories. “Children of Lieutenant Schmidt” were mentioned in the novel “Golden Calf” by Ilf and Petrov, and relatively recently the famous KVN team from Tomsk performed under the same name. The debut of the “children” of one of the heroes of the first Russian revolution came in the spring of 1906, when, by a court sentence, Petr Petrovich Schmidt, who stood at the head of the sailor’s insurrection on the Ochakov cruiser, was shot. The loud trial of the revolutionary, about which everyone knew, attracted numerous swindlers and fraudsters, whose flourishing occurred in the 1920s.


Schmidt's name has been preserved in history, but not many people know about him. Illustrious as the hero of the first Russian revolution, after decades this man went to the periphery of history. Attitude to his personality is ambiguous. Usually Schmidt's assessment directly depends on the attitude of a person towards the revolutionary events in Russia. For those people who consider the revolution a tragedy of the country, this character and the attitude towards him are often negative, but those who believe that the collapse of the monarchy in Russia was inevitable belong to Lieutenant Schmidt as a hero.

Pyotr Petrovich Schmidt (February 5 (12), 1867 - March 6 (19), 1906) - Russian naval officer, revolutionary, self-proclaimed commander of the Black Sea fleet. It was Peter Schmidt who led the Sevastopol uprising of 1905 and seized power on the cruiser "Ochakov". He is the only naval officer who took part in the revolution of 1905-1907 on the side of the socialist revolutionaries. It is worth noting that Lieutenant Schmidt was not actually a lieutenant at that time. In fact, this is a nickname that is firmly entrenched in history. His last naval rank was a captain of the 2nd rank. The rank of junior naval officer, who did not exist at that time, was invented and “assigned” to him in order to support the class approach and explain the transition of the full admiral’s nephew to the side of the revolution. According to the verdict of the court, Peter Schmidt was shot 110 years ago, on March 19, 1906 in a new style.

Born the future famous, albeit unlucky revolutionary, in a family of very high birth. He was the sixth child in the family of a respected nobleman, a hereditary naval officer, Rear Admiral and subsequently the mayor of Berdyansk, Peter Petrovich Schmidt. His father and a full namesake was a member of the Crimean War and the hero of the defense of Sevastopol. His uncle was a no less famous man, Vladimir Petrovich Schmidt rose to the rank of full admiral (1898 year) and was a knight of all orders at that time in Russia. His mother was Elena Yakovlevna Schmidt (nee von Wagner), who came from an impoverished, but very noble royal Polish family. As a child, Schmidt read out the works of Tolstoy, Korolenko and Ouspensky, studied Latin and French, and played the violin. As a young man, he inherited from his mother the ideas of democratic freedom, which subsequently influenced his life.

Peter Schmidt - a revolutionary with "Ochakova"


In 1876, the next “red lieutenant” entered the Berdyansk men's gymnasium, which after his death would be named after him. In the gymnasium, he studied before the 1880 year, enrolling after its graduation from the St. Petersburg Naval School. After his graduation in 1886, Peter Schmidt was promoted to midshipman and assigned to the Baltic Fleet. Already 21 January 1887 was sent on a six-month vacation and transferred to the Black Sea Fleet. The reasons for the leave are different, according to some sources he was associated with a nervous fit, according to others - due to the radical political views of the young officer and frequent quarrels with the personnel.

Peter Schmidt among his colleagues has always stood out for his extraordinary thinking and diverse interests. At the same time, the young naval officer was an idealist - he was denounced by his rigid morals, which at that time were common in the navy. The “stick” discipline and the beating of the lower ranks seemed to Peter Schmidt to be something monstrous and alien. At the same time, he himself in relations with his subordinates was quickly able to gain the glory of a liberal.

In this case, it was not only in the features of service in the fleet. Schmidt considered the foundations of Tsarist Russia to be unjust and wrong. So the fleet officer was ordered to choose his life partner very carefully, but Schmidt met his love literally on the street. He saw and fell in love with a young girl, Dominica Pavlova. The main problem here was that the lover of a naval officer was a prostitute, which did not stop Schmidt. Possibly, his enthusiasm for Dostoevsky's creativity also affected. Anyway, he decided to marry a girl and re-educate her.

Young people got married immediately, as soon as he graduated from college. Such a bold step practically put an end to his military career, but this did not stop him. In 1889, the couple had a son, whose parents called Yevgeny. It was Eugene and was the only true son of "Lieutenant Schmidt." Together with his wife Schmidt lived 15 for years, after which their marriage broke up, but his son remained to live with his father. The father of Peter Schmidt, however, did not accept his marriage and could not understand it, having died soon after (1888 year). After the death of his father, Vladimir Petrovich Schmidt, a war hero, an admiral, and for some time a senator, took charge of the young officer. He managed to hush up the scandal with the marriage of his nephew and send him to serve on the gunboat "Beaver" of the Siberian flotilla of the Pacific squadron. Uncle’s patronage and contacts helped Peter Schmidt almost until the Sevastopol uprising in 1905.



In 1889, Schmidt decides to leave military service. When he leaves the service, he refers to a “nervous disease”. In the future, at every conflict his opponents will make hints of his mental problems. At the same time, Peter Schmidt could indeed undergo a course of treatment in the 1889 year at Dr. Savey-Mogilevich’s private hospital for nervous and mentally ill patients in Moscow. One way or another, after leaving the service, he and his family went on a trip to Europe, where he was carried away by aeronautics. He even tried to earn a living by conducting demonstration flights, but in one of them he was injured on landing and was forced to abandon his passion.

In 1892, he was again being restored to military service, but his character, political views and worldviews became the cause of frequent conflicts with conservative-minded colleagues. In 1898, after a conflict with the commander of the Pacific Squadron, he filed a request for dismissal. Schmidt was dismissed from military service, but he did not lose his right to serve in the commercial fleet.

The period of his life from 1898 to 1904 was probably the happiest year. During these years he served on the ships of the ROPiT - the Russian society of shipping and trade. This service was difficult, but very well paid. At the same time, employers were satisfied with the professional skills of Peter Schmidt, and there was not even a trace of the “cane” discipline he simply hated. From 1901 to 1904, the year Schmidt walked as captain of passenger and merchant steamers Igor, Utility, and Diana. Over the years of his service in the merchant navy, he managed to gain respect among subordinates and sailors. In his free time he tried to teach sailors to read and write.

12 April 1904, due to martial law, Russia was at war with Japan, Schmidt was called up for military service from the reserve. He was appointed senior officer for the Irtysh coal transport, which was assigned to the 2 Pacific Squadron. In December, 1904, a transport loaded with coal and uniforms, came after the squadron that had already gone to Port Arthur. The second Pacific squadron was waiting for a tragic fate - it was almost completely killed in the Tsushima battle, but Peter Schmidt did not take part in it. In January, 1905, in Port Said, he was decommissioned from Irtysh due to an exacerbation of kidney disease. His kidney problems began after an injury he suffered while carried away by aeronautics.



The propaganda activity that was aimed at supporting the revolution, Schmidt begins to carry on in the summer of 1905. At the beginning of October, he organized the “Union of Officers - Friends of the People” in Sevastopol, and then he took part in the creation of the “Odessa Mutual Assistance Society of Merchants of the Merchant Fleet”. Conducting propaganda among officers and sailors, he called himself a non-party socialist. The royal manifesto of 17 in October 1905 of the year, which guaranteed "the unshakable foundations of civil liberty on the basis of the real integrity of the person, freedom of conscience, speech, assembly, and unions" Peter Schmidt meets with genuine glee. Dreams of a new, more equitable structure of Russian society were about to come true. October 18 in Sevastopol Schmidt, along with the crowd, goes to the city prison, demanding the release of political prisoners. At the approaches to the prison, a mob falls under the fire of government forces: 8 people were killed, about 50 injured. For Schmidt this becomes a real shock.

October 20 at the funeral of the dead, he utters an oath, which later became known as the "Schmidt Oath." During a speech delivered to the crowd, he was immediately arrested for propaganda. This time, even his uncle, who has extensive connections, was unable to help his unprofitable nephew. 7 November 1905, Peter Schmidt was dismissed as a captain of the 2 rank, the authorities were not going to judge him for seditious speeches. While still under arrest on the battleship Three Saints, on the night of 12 November, he was elected by the workers of Sevastopol as a “life deputy of the Council”, and soon, under pressure from the broad public masses, he was released from the ship under an undertaking not to leave.

Already on November 13, a general strike began in Sevastopol, in the evening of the same day a deputy commission consisting of soldiers and sailors delegated from different types of troops, including fleet ships from 7, came to Peter Schmidt with a request to lead an uprising in the city. Schmidt was not ready for such a role, but when he arrived at the Ochakov cruiser, whose crew was the core of the rebels, he quickly became involved in the mood of the sailors. At this moment Schmidt made the decision, which became the main thing in his life and kept his name to this day, he agrees to become the military leader of the uprising.

The next day, on November 14, he declared himself commander of the Black Sea Fleet, giving a signal: “I am in command of the fleet. Schmidt. At the same time, the Ochakov team manages to free some of the previously arrested sailors from the battleship Potemkin. But the authorities did not sit back, they blocked the rebellious cruiser and urged him to surrender. On November 15 a red flag was hoisted over the cruiser and the ship accepted its first and last battle in these revolutionary events. On the other warships of the Black Sea Fleet, the rebels failed to take control of the situation, so the Ochakov was left alone. After 1,5 hours of battle, the uprising on him was put down, and Schmidt and other leaders of the insurgency were arrested. Recovery of the cruiser from the effects of this battle lasted more than three years.

The cruiser "Ochakov"


The trial of Peter Schmidt was held behind closed doors in Ochakov. The officer who joined the rebellious sailors was accused of preparing the insurgency while on active duty. The trial ended on February 20; Peter Schmidt, as well as three sailors of the instigators of the uprising on Ochakov, were sentenced to death. The sentence was enforced on March 6 (March 19 on a new style) 1906 of the year. Sentenced shot on the island Berezan. Mikhail Stavraki, a childhood friend and fellow student of Schmidt in school, commanded the shooting. Stavraki himself 17 years later, already under Soviet rule, was found, tried and also shot.

After the February Revolution in 1917, the remains of the revolutionary were reburied with military honors. The order for the reburial of Peter Schmidt was given by Admiral Alexander Kolchak. In May of the same year, the military and maritime minister of Russia Alexander Kerensky laid the George Cross on the grave of Schmidt. At the same time, the non-partisanship of “Lieutenant Schmidt” played only into the hands of his fame. After the October Revolution of the same year, Peter Schmidt remained in the ranks of the most revered heroes of the revolutionary movement, including all the years of Soviet power.

Based on materials from open sources
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 19 March 2016 06: 07
    +9
    Thanks for the article, to the author. He knew something, learned more from the article. Some facts of the biography of P. Schmidt surprised.
    1. Mahmut
      Mahmut 19 March 2016 07: 35
      +26
      As I understand it, he was a good guy. But, if such a freedom-loving and democratic, then why choose the profession of a military man. Why did he take the oath, not wanting to observe it. If he were a civilian, then for revolutionary sentiments he would be sent somewhere to shoot bunnies in Shushenskoye. But the military people for the betrayal and treason committed during the war always relied on the execution. At all times, under any authority, regardless of motive.
    2. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 20 March 2016 15: 30
      0
      Quote: aszzz888
      Thanks for the article, to the author. He knew something, learned more from the article. Some facts of the biography of P. Schmidt surprised.

      I also wanted to say thanks to the author, but then stopped.
      "The debut of the" children "of one of the heroes of the first Russian revolution took place in the spring of 1906, when, by a court verdict, Pyotr Petrovich Schmidt, who was at the head of the sailors' mutiny on the cruiser Ochakov, was shot."
      Sorry, "Children of Lieutenant Schmidt" debuted in the spring of 1906. Well, a nice word still needs to be built correctly!
  2. Good cat
    Good cat 19 March 2016 06: 11
    +8
    "The rank of lieutenant, which did not exist at that time," was enough, there was such a rank.
    1. Kos_kalinki9
      Kos_kalinki9 19 March 2016 06: 58
      +11
      Exactly, the author has a mismatch
      Tables of the military ranks of the Russian Navy

      Russian Fleet 1884-1907

      Y. Veremeev, I. Kramnik

      In the period under review, the rank of captain-lieutenant was abolished. The rank of midshipman moved from XII to X class, the rank of lieutenant in IX class. Here lies the answer to historians regarding the famous revolutionary, Lieutenant Schmidt. He was fired before the start of revolutionary events for his liberal views. Most of the participants in those events he was remembered as a lieutenant, and in court documents he passes as captain of the 2nd rank. By law, the officer quit with the assignment of the next rank. And during this period, there were no other ranks between the rank of lieutenant and captain of the 2nd rank. Therefore, Schmidt on dismissal received the rank of captain of the 2nd rank. Hence the discrepancy in historical works.
      Ship composition

      * Code Class on the Table Category Name
      1a Lower ranks Sailor 2 articles
      1b Sailor 1 articles
      3 Non-commissioned officers Quartermaster
      4a boatswain
      4b Boatswain
      5 Conductor
      8 X Michigan Chief Officers
      9 IX Lieutenant
      11 VII Headquarters Captain Rank 2
      12 VI Captain 1st rank
      14 IV Admirals Rear Admiral
      15 III Vice Admiral
      16 II Admiral
      17 I Admiral
      Read more about the encoding of naval ranks here.

      1. SlavaP
        SlavaP 19 March 2016 19: 27
        0
        At the beginning of the 1917 year, the Navy still had the rank of Senior Lieutenant belonging to the VIII class.
  3. bashkort
    bashkort 19 March 2016 06: 17
    +2
    Yes, an interesting article. And the officers, indeed, were atrocious, especially in the Navy. Sailors were treated like cattle.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Alekseev
      Alekseev 19 March 2016 11: 50
      +12
      Quote: bashkort
      officers, in fact, were atrocious, especially in the Navy. Sailors were treated like cattle.

      Who said?
      There were no mass cases of "tyranny" on the part of the officer corps at that time, and only "by the mordas, and by the thorns" the sailors were taught mainly "boatswain and unterzers - such anathemas!"
      The tsarist army and navy, basically, remained faithful to the oath and crushed the armed uprising in 1905.
      I advise you to read the material "Fighting in the Russian Army" on the website of Y. Veremeyev http://army.armor.kiev.ua/ (let it not bother ua, the site of the Soviet leaven)
      For example, a RIF sailor was allowed to drink vodka on the ship and on leave on the shore, however, they demanded that he drink in the "pleportion, not lose his mind", he had the right to wear a sailor's knife. Allow this now to the conscript sailors? There were no malnourished or emaciated in the fleet, unlike some unpleasant cases of the near Soviet period.
      What rebelled from?
      You can’t tell in a nutshell, those who are interested in books need to read, and not all, dig in the archives and everything will become clear, like God's day! wink
      1. Alekseev
        Alekseev 19 March 2016 12: 10
        +4
        Quote: Alekseev
        rummaging through the archives and everything will become clear as God's day

        A very typical moment - for what "atrocities", for example, the commander of "Potemkin" was brutally killed?
        And who ruled the rebellion on an armadillo?
      2. Monarchist
        Monarchist 27 October 2016 16: 46
        0
        You are right: there was no massacre in the imperial fleet. There were officers who adored drill and foul language. Stanyukovich has a whole gallery of typical naval officers.
    3. python2a
      python2a 19 March 2016 16: 34
      +5
      No need to exaggerate at the expense of atrocities! Did you live at that time? .. No. But scuffle was present in Soviet times, and the sailors behaved inappropriately when they raked in full. To sane people and the attitude was normal. I do not take into account the bullying in the form of anniversary which was supported by some officers and even encouraged.
    4. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 19 March 2016 19: 10
      +3
      Quote: bashkort
      Yes, an interesting article. And the officers, indeed, were atrocious, especially in the Navy. Sailors were treated like cattle.

      The sailors were not angels either. Cocainists, anarchists ...
      Illiterate village youth, not always ready to comprehend science, had to be put to the complex equipment of ships.
      Trotsky generally shot every tenth. Nobody calls this atrocity.
      1. Pissarro
        Pissarro 19 March 2016 23: 06
        +2
        They tried to take the city literate youth, mainly of proletarian or petty-bourgeois origin, to the fleet, the percentage of peasants was about 20, the percentage of illiterates was about 7 for 1913
  4. Yarik
    Yarik 19 March 2016 06: 32
    +3
    The order for the reburial of Peter Schmidt was given by the admiral Alexander Kolchak.

    Yes, there was such a fan of catching fish in muddy water, but I did not know such a thing about Kolchak.
  5. ivshubarin
    ivshubarin 19 March 2016 06: 46
    +4
    Unprincipled man-player, not clean on hand, escaped from a ship going to war. Not worthy of mention and articles
    1. yuriy55
      yuriy55 19 March 2016 07: 09
      +7
      From most people there is only
      A dash between two dates ...

      -What kind of person was this? Lieutenant
      Schmidt Petr Petrovich. Russian intellectual, clever, brave officer, professional sailor, artistic nature. He sang, excellently played the cello, painted, and as he said! But his main talent is a gift to feel someone else’s
      suffering is more acute than ours. It is this gift that gives rise to rebels and poets.

      You know, once, he met a woman on a train ... He talked to her for 40 minutes. And fell in love without memory. Forever. Either in it, or in an image that he himself invented, but ... He fell in love beautifully, 40 minutes, and then there were only letters, hundreds of letters ... read them, they were published. And then you will not dare to talk about the mistakes and illusions of this person with arrogant boredom. But there were mistakes, nevertheless ... Petr Petrovich Schmidt was an opponent of bloodshed, like Ivan Karamazov had with Dostoevsky. He rejected universal harmony if at least one tortured child was put in its foundation. I did not believe everything, I did not want to believe that the language of machine guns and buckshot was the only possible language of negotiations with the king. Bloodless harmony.
      Naive? Yes. Wrong? Yes...
      But I invite Batishchev and not to cut all of you off your shoulder. And to feel the high cost ... of these mistakes.
      Listen, Kostya, the uprising has begun and not to Schmidt, but to you, who lived 60 years ago, come revolutionary sailors from the cruiser Ochakov and say:
      "The fleet and revolutions need you," and you know that the revolt is doomed, your only cruiser without armor, without artillery at a speed of 8 knots / hour will not survive. How can you be? Leave the sailors alone under the guns of Admiral Chukhnin, or go and lead the rebellion? And stand on the bridge under fire and, for sure, die ...

      ...- And so, the question was asked: what is the point in the act
      Schmidt and his death?
      -Well, which one. Without such people there would be no revolution ...
      -He himself explained this in his last word on
      military court. So he explained that even his guards put their rifles aside. Then they were tried for this ...

      (Live until Monday)
      1. Was mammoth
        Was mammoth 19 March 2016 10: 58
        +2
        Quote: yuriy55
        (Live to see Monday)

        Also immediately remembered this movie
      2. SlavaP
        SlavaP 19 March 2016 19: 30
        0
        Thank you for remembering Live Till Monday, a great movie. And I associate the name Schmidt with him, although I also respect Ilf and Petrov very much.
    2. sherp2015
      sherp2015 19 March 2016 07: 27
      +6
      Quote: ivshubarin
      Unprincipled man-player, not clean on hand, escaped from a ship going to war. Not worthy of mention and articles


      Revolutionary, rebel, psychopath married to a prostitute.
      What can we expect from adventurers whose successors are still scamming now, using Ukraine as an example
  6. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 19 March 2016 07: 07
    +3
    About the revolution.
    Often people in life want change.
    And they agree to everything that leads to them.
    The consequences of the changes are not what they expect ...
    1. sherp2015
      sherp2015 19 March 2016 07: 35
      +2
      Quote: Pvi1206
      About the revolution.
      Often people in life want change.
      And they agree to everything that leads to them.
      The consequences of the changes are not what they expect ...


      . On November 7, 1905, Peter Schmidt was dismissed with the rank of captain of the 2nd rank, the authorities were not going to judge him for seditious speeches. While still under arrest on the battleship “Three Saints”, on the night of November 12, he was elected by the workers of Sevastopol “lifetime deputy of the Council”,


      The main thing is to promise a lot and shout more - this is how they get into the deputies, our State Duma is no exception. 90% of the screamers, "promising" State Duma who do not care at all about the situation of the common people, many of whom are still heated with wood in the Russian provinces
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 19 March 2016 07: 17
    +2
    A man of his era .. Thank you ...
    1. ivshubarin
      ivshubarin 19 March 2016 07: 56
      +3
      a man pushing the Black Sea Fleet together for destruction for the good of England. Having stolen money from the ship's treasury in order to pay off the gambling debt, he is not worthy of an article or memoirs. On this article in general
    2. The comment was deleted.
  8. baudolino
    baudolino 19 March 2016 08: 06
    +4
    Shame on a respected family, in short. It is better when only specialists of a very narrow profile remember about such "heroes".
  9. Silhouette
    Silhouette 19 March 2016 08: 29
    +2
    Thug crazy in the Navy - you can’t imagine worse. An empty and absurd man promoted by Bolshevik propaganda.
    1. V.ic
      V.ic 19 March 2016 09: 38
      +2
      Quote: Silhouette
      propagandized Bolshevik propaganda.

      Do you have absolutely accurate information about what exactly is Bolshevik?
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan 19 March 2016 19: 26
        +1
        Quote: V.ic
        Quote: Silhouette
        propagandized Bolshevik propaganda.

        Do you have absolutely accurate information about what exactly is Bolshevik?

        Well, who made films, wrote good books? Who blinded and glorified this image?
    2. Sergey S.
      Sergey S. 19 March 2016 21: 06
      -1
      Quote: Silhouette
      Thug crazy in the Navy - you can’t imagine worse. An empty and absurd man promoted by Bolshevik propaganda.

      If Schmidt was a Bolshevik, he would not have died in a firing squad, but would have conquered the autocracy, relying on workers, peasants and sailors.
      At least in the same way as the sailors of the battleship Potemkin, who passed through the squadron of the Black Sea Fleet under the red flag, ready to cut anyone who gets into trouble. Then it was not possible to involve the entire fleet in the revolutionary war ...
      Moreover, it was even harder to do P.P. Schmidt and his associates.

      But in February 1917, sailors and soldiers recouped in full for all past humiliations, bastards and mediocrity of command ...

      So it’s easy to minus those who understand the progressiveness of the historical process, but it would be better to understand the reasons for what happened.

      Now call P.P. Schmidt is easy and painless, but - the dead do not shame. And Lieutenant Schmidt in the history of our people will remain a man who sacrificed himself for the sake of the social reconstruction of the Motherland.

      If Schmidt survived to this day, I think he would be completely satisfied with the current social structure of the state.
  10. qwert111
    qwert111 19 March 2016 08: 38
    +6
    I really would not want such lieutenants to appear in our armed forces or the Navy!
  11. bober1982
    bober1982 19 March 2016 08: 49
    +3
    Schmidt is an unhealthy, sick man from an early age. He had a reputation in the Navy as an officer with oddities, whose entire short service was on auxiliary vessels. He also had no respect in the merchant fleet, the author exaggerates.
    A psychopath in pure form, why remember him.
    1. swertalf
      swertalf 19 March 2016 11: 40
      -4
      Yeah) I didn’t beat the sailors - you can immediately see the officer with oddities))) they didn’t keep such men in the Tsar’s fleet for a long time.
  12. Damask
    Damask 19 March 2016 08: 49
    +4
    The adventurer who violated the oath, how many subordinates suffered because of him, we also had a lot of such and remains in 91
  13. Ramzes33
    Ramzes33 19 March 2016 09: 21
    +3
    The article is informative. Military people for the betrayal and treason committed during the war always relied on the execution. Schmidt reacted to wartime.
  14. V.ic
    V.ic 19 March 2016 09: 41
    +8
    Subconsciously I. Ilf and E. Petrov / the authors of The Golden Calf / put “Lieutenant Schmidt” in the same line with the crooks. And where else was there to put it?
  15. Aleksander
    Aleksander 19 March 2016 10: 04
    +10
    Schmidt is an unfortunate mentally ill man, with wild antics and deeds, who was "pulled" all his life by high-ranking relatives under the patronage. How can there be no "shame" ....

    "They called him" Psycho "back in school, where he had seizures and then still had to be expelled, but his uncle helped.

    By marrying a prostitute he brought his father to the grave. She did not stop loving her profession and returned to her after a divorce.

    Again, the uncle hushed up the scandal and transferred him to the Pacific Fleet, where he was an outcast in the ship crews and was transferred by the commander Chukhnin countless times (again, the uncle helped). Was dismissed, in the war of 1904 he was drafted to the "Irtysh".
    I signed off in Suez with the Irtysh, which was on its way to Tsushima and died there (and in Suez, Schmidt learned about the death of the Port Arthur squadron and already understood the fate of the Irtysh). Except him, NOBODY (of the much older ones) escaped. In fact, he deserted for the FIRST time. (His cousin died at Petrpavlovsk, another was seriously wounded in a bayonet attack)

    And again, uncle asked Chukhnin (already the commander of the Black Sea Fleet) and he was appointed to calm Izmail, where he stole all official money, deserted a SECOND time and hit the run, lost money on the run in Kiev.

    Then he confessed (his uncle helped again), was forgiven (!?), Dismissed. Having got on "Ochakov" at the first shots at it, he deserted for the THIRD time, abandoned people, escaping on a torpedo boat, which was hit and freed from criminals.

    During the initial inspection of the destroyer Schmidt, however, they were not found, but then he was removed from under the metal decking-pail where in the most shameful way hiding. The unlucky commander was already sailor robe, and he tried to impersonate a stoker who did not understand anything.
    In all petitions for mercy, he was called insane.

    Like this: an unnecessary patronage killed a sick person and because of his actions a lot of normal people ....
  16. AK64
    AK64 19 March 2016 10: 41
    +1
    He stole the treasury money (which the commander of the destroyer he commanded) - that’s what he went into all seriousness. And he couldn’t steal either - it was such a psychopathological type: if there is a cashier, sooner or later he will steal it.
    (One marriage to a prostitute is worth something - and then he was attracted to surprisingly ugly women)
    1. swertalf
      swertalf 19 March 2016 16: 27
      -2
      It would be nice to make references to official documents when bringing such serious charges. Materials of the investigation or official inspection. And then you read the comments - it feels like grandmas on a bench near the neighbor’s porch are discussing. Do not accept at your own expense. I generalize.
  17. ruAlex
    ruAlex 19 March 2016 10: 56
    +1
    Thanks did not know much.
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 19 March 2016 19: 29
      +2
      Quote: ruAlex
      Thanks did not know much.

      Yes. Sometimes comments are more informative than articles.
      Although in this case, the article is not bad
  18. Vladislav 73
    Vladislav 73 19 March 2016 11: 19
    +5
    Yeah, an interesting example of a social democrat ... belay If such "romantics" promoted the revolution to the masses, there is nothing to be surprised at either the collapse of the army, or the mess that followed after February 1917. One "Order No. 1" of the Petrograd Soviet on the "democratization of the army" is worth it! belay Romance revolution damn it! negative
    1. swertalf
      swertalf 19 March 2016 11: 50
      -3
      Again, respected experts are trying to pass off the investigation as a cause. It was not Schmidt who was ruining the tsar’s fleet, but corruption at all levels of the naval department. The situation of mutual responsibility, impunity of senior officers, powerlessness of lower ranks. Naval officers plundered the money allocated by the treasury, profited on contracts, ate sailors and looked at them like a cattle. There would be no Schmidt, nothing has changed - the rebels have chosen any other leader.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 19 March 2016 12: 37
        +6
        there was not a single comment that Schmidt was ruining the royal fleet, what are you talking about?
        He was crazy.
        1. swertalf
          swertalf 19 March 2016 16: 19
          -3
          Yes, an interesting example of a Social Democrat ... belay If such "romantics" promoted the revolution to the masses, there is nothing to be surprised at either the collapse of the army or the mess that came after February 1917. One "Order No. 1" of the Petrograd Soviet on the "democratization of the army "what is worth! belay Romantics of the revolution damn it! negative -
        2. swertalf
          swertalf 19 March 2016 16: 51
          -3
          Regarding Schmidt’s mental illness, a forensic psychiatric examination was not conducted during the investigation. He was sentenced to death as a perfectly sane person.
  19. Koshak
    Koshak 19 March 2016 12: 40
    +3
    Quote: Silhouette
    An empty and absurd man promoted by Bolshevik propaganda.

    maybe ... I wonder who the anti-Bolshevik propaganda is promoting? The time to decide on the heroes was ...
    1. ivshubarin
      ivshubarin 19 March 2016 12: 59
      +3
      the question is that in the name of such insignificants we have named streets in cities, and there are many of them, from revolutionary terrorists to such reptiles. And there is not one street of the greatest leader in Russian history, I.V. Stalin
      1. V.ic
        V.ic 19 March 2016 13: 13
        +3
        Quote: ivshubarin
        there is not one street of the greatest leader in Russian history, I.V. Stalin

        ... wait, there will be more streets to them. "Yeltsin", "Gorbachev", "Chubais", "Sobchak" ... We are not in the 37th year. That is why there is no Solzhenitsyn Street in Moscow or St. Petersburg? request I'm just "outraged" by this fact! bully
        1. sergey100174
          sergey100174 19 March 2016 14: 39
          +1
          In Ekat there is B. Yeltsin Street.
          1. V.ic
            V.ic 19 March 2016 17: 12
            0
            And in my dear "Bakals" in translation from the Turkic Baka-ali / paddling pool / there is also a street. Sverdlov.
  20. Army soldier2
    Army soldier2 19 March 2016 13: 56
    +4
    When a man puts on officer epaulettes, he takes on a number of obligations. Including loyalty to the oath and preservation of officer honor. I, as an officer, the son of an officer and the grandson of an officer, are sure that Schmidt did not save his honor as an officer.
    The fate of such "progressive" "officers" is interesting. One hijacked a cruiser - and 70 years is a hero in the memory of the people. Another in the 70s, being the pompolite of the ship, hijacked a patrol boat in the Baltic - and complete oblivion. The third in the 90s hijacked a patrol boat from Sevastopol to Odessa - and became a traitor. Wonderful ...
    1. Oorfene Deuce
      Oorfene Deuce 19 March 2016 16: 03
      +3
      Well, about Sablin it’s clear ... And what about the case in the 90s with the theft of a guard?
      I didn’t remember. Enlighten please ...
      1. Army soldier2
        Army soldier2 21 March 2016 12: 12
        +1
        In short, the events unfolded like this. In 1992, the ships of the Black Sea Fleet of the USSR raised Andreevsky or Ukrainian flags. The fleet between Russia and Ukraine has not yet been legally divided. On July 21 1992 SKR-112, under the command of Captain Lieutenant Sergei Nastenko, was stolen from Donuzlav to Odessa. It should be added that in the hijacking, the captain of the 1 rank Anatoly Danilov, the flagship miner the captain of the 3 rank Oleg Shitikov and the assistant to the division commander, Captain-Lieutenant Vasily Gorobets, actively helped the commander of the ship.
        The measures taken by the Black Sea Fleet command failed to stop the TFR.
        Ukrainians consider SKR-112 the first ship of the Ukrainian Navy.
  21. ALEA IACTA EST
    ALEA IACTA EST 19 March 2016 16: 10
    +1
    Armed forces outside politics, politics outside the armed forces.
  22. swertalf
    swertalf 19 March 2016 17: 13
    -1
    I share the common position that an armed uprising is a grave crime that leads to senseless bloodshed. Schmidt committed a crime, and paid for it with his life. He was brought before a military court and executed precisely for his participation in the uprising. Why pour mud on a person now. Deserter, coward, psycho, thief. All this is disgusting. At the trial, Schmidt behaved with dignity, and met death with courage. Just to quote ... [b] Suddenly, there was an obstacle to the execution of the sentence. The company commander, who had been ordered by the head of the garrison to carry out the death sentence, refused to obey the order. The head of the garrison threatened him with heavy penalties and expulsion from the garrison of the fortress. In response, the company commander submitted a written report in which he wrote: “I took the oath to the Emperor in loyal service, but I did not swear to be an executioner and shoot my people. " This incident instantly spread throughout the entire officer corps of the fortress garrison. Not a single garrison commander was found to participate in the execution. People said that for this purpose they had driven a team from some other garrison without telling them why they were going. The day of the execution came. From early in the morning, a squadron of Cossacks pranced along Morskaya Street and strictly warned that no one went out into the street from nearby houses, but the fences around our houses were ordinary, not solid, and it was clear how, under reinforced escort, Schmidt and his comrades were being led to execution ... The sailors tore off their shoulder straps and ribbons from their caps and shouted: "Farewell, friends! ..." They were led down Morskaya Street to the Dnieper estuary on a long mooring bridge. There they were put on a military boat. The execution took place on the lonely deserted island of Berezan. This island is located halfway between Ochakovo and Odessa. Everything was already prepared here. Four pillars were dug into the ground. Each of the convicts was tied to a post. They wanted to blindfold Schmidt, but he protested and shouted: "Don't you dare! I will meet death with open eyes." So did the sailors. To the soldiers lined up for shooting, Schmidt shouted: "Guys, aim well to finish off immediately ..." After the first shot, three were killed. The sailor Antonenko remained alive, and after the second shot he was still alive. Only the third bullet hit him. [B] [/ b]
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 19 March 2016 17: 41
      +5
      of course, you depicted Schmidt’s execution colorfully, but as a professional propagandist, are you sure that was so?
      To bring out into the light of God this, either the midshipman or the lieutenant, in my opinion, should not be. Then there will be no dirt.
      1. Cap.Morgan
        Cap.Morgan 19 March 2016 19: 46
        0
        Quote: bober1982
        of course, you depicted Schmidt’s execution colorfully, but as a professional propagandist, are you sure that was so?
        To bring out into the light of God this, either the midshipman or the lieutenant, in my opinion, should not be. Then there will be no dirt.

        Such writers in the propaganda department of the Central Committee of the CPSU were a wagon and a small cart.
        The memoirs of many generals are clearly written with a professional pen.
      2. Aleksander
        Aleksander 20 March 2016 09: 25
        +2
        Quote: bober1982
        of course, you depicted Schmidt’s execution colorfully, but as a professional propagandist, are you sure that was so?


        The comrade cites the recollections of the eyewitness and FURMAN witness Polina Moiseevna, who was watching the events ... through a hole in the fence:
        Quote: swertalf
        .But the fences around our houses were ordinary, not continuous, and it was clear ..

        The big-eyed witness saw through the hole the island of Berezan: who said what: "Don't you dare!" and how it fell.
        It remains to add that this "eyewitness", which the comrade quotes with such pathos, was from birth ... SIX years lol So you can "believe". yes
        PS It's amazing how Schmidt crept into her memories, because there basically is:
        On the Kulikovo field, the Balfour declaration was read out and its significance for the revival of the Jewish State in our ancient land was explained. With great enthusiasm, the Jewish youth of Odessa organized a large rally in honor of this event. The demonstrators were seized with a feeling of great joy. Young people sang national songs and danced until late.
    2. sherp2015
      sherp2015 22 March 2016 07: 55
      0
      Quote: swertalf
      Why now pour water on a person with mud. Deserter, coward, psycho, thief. Vile is all. At the trial, Schmidt held himself with dignity, and met death bravely.

      Quote: swertalf
      They wanted to blindfold Schmidt, but he protested and shouted: "Don't you dare! I will meet death with open eyes."


      Is it your relative that you idolize him like that?
      And among the "heroes of the commanders" there were such personalities as Trotsky, Tukhachevsky ...
      1. swertalf
        swertalf 7 November 2016 00: 42
        0
        Unfortunately no. Not relatives. I pay tribute to the heroes. They could make mistakes, even terrible mistakes. But only he who does nothing is not mistaken. Tukhachevsky gathered the Red Front in pieces, which the Socialist-Revolutionaries destroyed at 18, and liberated my city according to all the rules of military art, achieving an advantage in the main areas, using the first units of the motorized infantry in the Red Army. Having liberated the city, he stopped any attempts of looting. I would be proud of anyone if he were my relative. If Schmidt was a psycho and a demagogue, it is unlikely that Kerensky and the company began to stick to his name. And with Trotsky, not everything is clear and understandable. You divide people into good and bad, but I do not.
    3. Monarchist
      Monarchist 27 October 2016 17: 25
      +1
      Svertalf, excuse me, but your colorful story is not accurate: Schmidt and the sailors were shot by sailors from the naval crew, and behind the sailors stood soldiers with rifles ready. The island was surrounded by police. Stavraki was not a childhood friend of P.P. Schmidt
      1. swertalf
        swertalf 7 November 2016 00: 50
        0
        Monarchist, I can’t argue with you, as this is a free retelling of the memories of the inhabitants of the city. As I understand it, outsiders were not allowed on the island. In any case, such precautions before the execution indicate the injustice of the sentence and the huge gap between the government and the people. Your information is probably more reliable.
  23. SlavaP
    SlavaP 19 March 2016 19: 37
    +4
    Comrades, one can argue hoarsely about the moral (or immoral) traits of a particular character, however - this is part of our History, whether we want it or not. The main thing is the facts and their assessment, and let emotions remain the personal affair of everyone.
  24. Naum
    Naum 19 March 2016 20: 57
    +2
    Quote: Vladislav 73
    Romance revolution damn it!

    Adventurers and psychopaths with a great desire for destruction. Why did all of them exhaust Stalin like mad dogs.
  25. Kurva1955
    Kurva1955 19 March 2016 22: 52
    0
    Although somewhere this material passed, it is revered with interest.
  26. Monarchist
    Monarchist 27 October 2016 17: 11
    +1
    Sergei, Peter Schmidt was a lieutenant, the resolution of Emperor Nicholas is known, where he ordered to call Schmidt "the lieutenant expelled from the fleet."
    By the way, the son of P.P. Schmidt changed his name to Sadovsky and became a well-known lawyer. And the years of the Civil War, together with the son of Admiral Makarov, fought in the Kolchak army, left for emigration and wildly hated the Soviet regime.
    1. swertalf
      swertalf 7 November 2016 01: 00
      0
      In any case, dear Monarchist, if Schmidt was an ordinary person, they did not begin to discuss the article. And so, a very interesting debate has turned out. I think, having escaped execution, P. Schmidt could later be in the ranks of the White Guard, because he adhered to monarchist views.
  27. Pilat2009
    Pilat2009 22 November 2016 17: 11
    0
    Quote: Alekseev
    What rebelled from?

    Yes, from idleness. The Ganguts stood up all the war, at that time the Bolsheviks decomposed sailors with fairy tales about a beautiful life, they say we will agree with the Germans, not peace or war ..... How it ended, it is known. Only the surrender of Germany saved Russia
  28. Hort
    Hort 22 November 2016 17: 23
    0
    Sentenced shot on the island of Berezan

    and done right.
    1. Bloodsucker
      Bloodsucker 22 November 2016 17: 27
      0
      Quote: hort
      done.

      Change the flag, and try to eat porridge with worms. Perhaps something will reach you ...
      1. Hort
        Hort 23 November 2016 10: 46
        0
        Recommended, then? You were helped by "porridge with blackwakami"?
  29. Pilat2009
    Pilat2009 23 November 2016 16: 32
    0
    Quote: Army 2
    July 21, 1992 SKR-112 under the command of Captain Lieutenant Sergei Nastenko was stolen from Donuzlav to Odessa

    But on the other hand, we hijacked Kuznetsov. Or there was a case with strategists. In general, people have different beliefs, sometimes they are self-serving, they lowered the order from above, they promised the performers sweets ....